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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087797/the-cascading-effects-of-marginalization-and-pathways-of-resilience-in-attaining-good-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#1
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Amanda E B Bryan, Chengshi Shiu, Charles A Emlet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#2
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029727/building-nurses-capacity-to-address-health-inequities-incorporating-lgbt-health-content-in-a-family-nurse-practitioner-program
#3
Charles Yingling, Karen Cotler, Tonda Hughes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In this discursive paper we describe our experience in incorporating lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) health content into the family nurse practitioner curriculum at a Midwestern college of nursing in the United States. BACKGROUND: Globally, LGBT people face disparities in the domains of physical health, behavioral risks, mental health, and victimization. There remains a paucity of nursing research on most aspects of LGBT health and access to care...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001287/mental-health-and-the-transgender-population
#4
Tamar C Carmel, Laura Erickson-Schroth
Although research into the physical and mental health disparities faced by transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) populations is becoming more popular, historically it has been limited. It is now recognized that TGNC people experience disproportionate rates of negative mental health outcomes relative to both their gender-normative, heterosexual peers, as well as their gender-normative lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. The theoretical basis of current transgender mental health research is rooted in the Minority Stress Model, which postulates that we live in a hetero-centric, gender-normative society that stigmatizes and discriminates against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, subjecting them to chronic stress (Hendricks & Testa, 2012; Meyer, 1995)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934669/lgbt-coverage-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-results-of-a-national-survey
#5
Kenneth L Hillenburg, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney, Henry Temple, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to assess curricular coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content in U.S. and Canadian dental schools and U.S. dental hygiene programs, including hours of LGBT content, pedagogy used, and assessment methods, and to determine whether respondents perceived their institution's coverage as adequate. Data were collected from academic deans at 32 U.S. and two Canadian dental schools and from program directors at 71 U.S. dental hygiene programs (response rates 49%, 20%, 23%, respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815302/health-equity-and-aging-of-bisexual-older-adults-pathways-of-risk-and-resilience
#6
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Chengshi Shiu, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisexual older adults are a growing yet largely invisible, underserved, and understudied population. Utilizing the Health Equity Promotion Model, we examined hypothesized mechanisms accounting for health disparities between bisexual older adults and lesbian and gay older adults. METHOD: Based on data from Caring and Aging with Pride, the largest national survey of LGBT older adults, this study (N = 2,463) utilized structural equation modeling to investigate direct and indirect associations between sexual identity (bisexual vs...
November 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706875/patient-perspectives-on-answering-questions-about-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-an-integrative-review
#7
R I Bjarnadottir, W Bockting, D Dowding
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' perceptions of being asked about their sexual orientation and gender identity in the health care setting. BACKGROUND: Health disparities exist in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population but further research is needed to better understand these disparities. To address this issue experts recommend the routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in healthcare. Nurses on the front line of patient care play a key role in the collection of this data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671960/addressing-health-disparities-via-coordination-of-care-and-interprofessional-education-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-and-oral-health-care
#8
REVIEW
Stefanie Russell, Frederick More
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons are a diverse group, but they share a common need for competent, accessible health care, dispensed without intolerance and with an understanding of their unique health needs. Dental practitioners need to understanding that LGBT persons have distinctive health (and oral health) needs. This article reviews the literature on oral and overall health of LGBT persons in the United States, and discusses ways in which dentists can improve the health care they provide to this vulnerable population, including how interprofessional education and collaborative practice may help to reduce oral health disparities within this group...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642514/does-an-improved-social-environment-for-sexual-and-gender-minorities-have-implications-for-a-new-minority-stress-research-agenda
#9
Ilan H Meyer
Prejudice and stigma have been central to our understanding of the health and well-being of LGBT people using the minority stress perspective. Minority stress research has explained adverse health outcomes in LGBT populations and health disparities between LGBT and heterosexual cisgender populations. Recent shifts in the social environment of LGBT people in some regions of the world allow the experience a more accepting and inclusive society. These changes require that social scientist adapt their research agenda...
2016: Psychol Sex Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530417/disparities-between-online-assisted-reproduction-patient-education-for-same-sex-and-heterosexual-couples
#10
Helen Jin, Shoumita Dasgupta
STUDY QUESTION: Does the prevalence of online education in fertility center websites differ for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) couples compared to online education for heterosexual couples? SUMMARY ANSWER: This review of fertility center websites showed that the majority of websites with patient education for heterosexual couples do not have similar materials for LGBT couples. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In order to have biologically related children, LGBT individuals or couples utilize assisted reproductive technologies (ART)...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458482/identity-transformation-during-the-transition-to-parenthood-among-same-sex-couples-an-ecological-stress-strategy-adaptation-perspective
#11
Hongjian Cao, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Claire Wood, Mark A Fine
This article reviews the current research on the potential stressors associated with identity transformation experienced by same-sex couples during the transition to parenthood and the coping strategies they employ. By integrating disparate findings into an ecological, stress-strategy-adaptation framework, we demonstrate that the identity transformation experiences among same-sex couples during the transition to parenthood (a) involve various adaptive processes of navigating different stressors via their human agency within multiple nested contexts; (b) are products of the intersections of individual characteristics, relational dynamics, LGBT community culture, and heterosexual sociostructural norms; and (c) are complicated by social contextual factors such as social class, race/ethnicity, family structure, and the sociocultural environment associated with geographic location...
March 2016: Journal of Family Theory & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369374/-it-s-for-us-newcomers-lgbtq-persons-and-hiv-positive-persons-you-feel-free-to-be-a-qualitative-study-exploring-social-support-group-participation-among-african-and-caribbean-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-newcomers-and-refugees-in-toronto-canada
#12
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nakia Lee-Foon, Shannon Ryan, Hope Ramsay
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination harm the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and contribute to migration from contexts of sexual persecution and criminalization. Yet LGBT newcomers and refugees often face marginalization and struggles meeting the social determinants of health (SDOH) following immigration to countries such as Canada. Social isolation is a key social determinant of health that may play a significant role in shaping health disparities among LGBT newcomers and refugees...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072658/addressing-gaps-on-risk-and-resilience-factors-for-alcohol-use-outcomes-in-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations
#13
REVIEW
Amelia E Talley, Paul A Gilbert, Jason Mitchell, Jeremy Goldbach, Brandon D L Marshall, Debra Kaysen
ISSUES: In 2011, the Institute of Medicine released a report that constituted the first comprehensive effort by a federal body to understand the current state of science pertinent to the health needs of sexual and gender minority populations. This mini-review summarises recent empirical, methodological and theoretical advances in alcohol-related research among to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) populations and highlights progress towards addressing gaps, with a particular interest in those identified by the Institute of Medicine report...
July 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066890/making-the-invisible-visible-a-systematic-review-of-sexual-minority-women-s-health-in-southern-africa
#14
REVIEW
Alexandra Muller, Tonda L Hughes
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades research on sexual and gender minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender; LGBT) health has highlighted substantial health disparities based on sexual orientation and gender identity in many parts of the world. We systematically reviewed the literature on sexual minority women's (SMW) health in Southern Africa, with the objective of identifying existing evidence and pointing out knowledge gaps around the health of this vulnerable group in this region...
April 11, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035088/reducing-disparities-in-the-lgbt-community
#15
Jayne Skehan, Lynn S Muller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018943/american-health-improvement-depends-upon-addressing-class-disparities
#16
Steven A Schroeder
The gap in health status between the United States and other (OECD) developed countries not only persists but has widened over the past decade. This has occurred despite major declines in smoking prevalence. But as with other health problems, such as obesity, gun violence, and teenage pregnancy, progress against smoking has disproportionately benefitted the better off segments of the American population. Thus smoking, as well as other problems, is now concentrated among the vulnerable members of our society: the poor and less educated, as well as disadvantaged groups such as those with mental illness and substance use disorders, the homeless, those who are incarcerated, and the LGBT community...
March 23, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26950832/subjective-health-among-lgbt-persons-living-with-disabilities-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#17
Franco Dispenza, Lauren S Harper, Megan A Harrigan
OBJECTIVE: There exist significant health disparities among both lesbian, gay, bisexual, transexual (LGBT) and disability persons; however, there is a dearth of information regarding the subjective health experiences of LGBT persons living with disabilities (LGBTPWD). As such, the purpose of this study was to understand how LGBTPWD subjectively defined and characterized the meaning of health in their lives. METHOD: Using qualitative content analyses procedures outlined by Elo and Kyngäs (2008), we conducted a secondary data analysis using a larger questionnaire study that was administered via the Internet...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26790115/challenges-in-intervention-research-for-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#18
REVIEW
Allison M Rizer, D Richard Mauery, Suzanne G Haynes, Babette Couser, Cindy Gruman
PURPOSE: More than one-third of U.S. adults are obese, the highest prevalence occurring among women age 60 and older (42.3%), and women ages 40 to 59 (36.0%). This issue is even more pronounced among lesbian and bisexual (LB) women. Studies suggest this population may be twice as likely to be overweight or obese as heterosexual women. Despite this public health issue, little has been done to reduce overweight and obesity in LB women. METHODS: During the design of healthy-weight interventions aimed at reducing overweight and obesity in older LB women through increased physical activity and improved nutrition, we conducted a systematic review of health interventions targeting older LB women to identify and describe core characteristics present in such interventions...
June 2015: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26790023/collecting-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-in-suicide-and-other-violent-deaths-a-step-towards-identifying-and-addressing-lgbt-mortality-disparities
#19
Ann P Haas, Andrew Lane
Sexual orientation and gender identity (SO/GI) are not systematically recorded at time of death, limiting identification of mortality disparities in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. LGBT populations are thought to have elevated risk of suicide based on high rates of reported lifetime suicide attempts. Lack of data on suicide deaths, however, hinders understanding of the prevalence and patterns of suicide among LGBT populations and development of targeted interventions and prevention programs...
March 2015: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789399/the-american-cancer-society-s-approach-to-addressing-the-cancer-burden-in-the-lgbt-community
#20
Richard Wender, Katherine B Sharpe, J Lee Westmaas, Alpa V Patel
The American Cancer Society (ACS) has embraced the achievement of equity in cancer-related health outcomes as a foundational principle. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience health disparities related to certain risk factors for cancer and in certain cancer outcomes. Accordingly, the ACS is defining a new program of work in partnership with the LGBT community to help understand and reduce disparities in cancer risk factors and outcomes. This article describes the cancer control program of the ACS including specific public health and research programs targeted at reducing cancer related health disparities for the LGBT population...
November 5, 2015: LGBT Health
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