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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296563/applying-organizational-change-to-promote-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-inclusion-and-reduce-health-disparities
#1
Kristen L Eckstrand, Mitchell R Lunn, Baligh R Yehia
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations face numerous barriers when accessing and receiving healthcare, which amplify specific LGBT health disparities. An effective strategic approach is necessary for academic health centers to meet the growing needs of LGBT populations. Although effective organizational change models have been proposed for other minority populations, the authors are not aware of any organizational change models that specifically promote LGBT inclusion and mitigate access barriers to reduce LGBT health disparities...
March 15, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248528/women-s-health-care-the-experiences-and-behaviors-of-rural-and-urban-lesbians-in-the-usa
#2
K Nikki Barefoot, Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently demonstrated that, in comparison to their cisgender heterosexual counterparts, lesbians face a multitude of women's healthcare-related disparities. However, very little research has been conducted that takes an intersectionality approach to examining the potential influences of rural-urban location on the health-related needs and experiences of lesbians. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare rural and urban lesbians' access to women's health care, experiences with women's healthcare providers (WHCPs), and preventive behavior using a large, diverse sample of lesbians from across the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221820/risks-benefits-and-importance-of-collecting-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-in-healthcare-settings-a-multi-method-analysis-of-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#3
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Maya Torain, Rachel Adler, Eric Schneider, Anju Ranjit, Lisa M Kodadek, Ryan Shields, Danielle German, Claire Snyder, Susan Peterson, Jeremiah Schuur, Brandyn Lau, Adil H Haider
PURPOSE: Research suggests that LGBT populations experience barriers to healthcare. Organizations such as the Institute of Medicine recommend routine documentation of sexual orientation (SO) and gender identity (GI) in healthcare, to reduce LGBT disparities. We explore patient views regarding the importance of SO/GI collection, and patient and provider views on risks and benefits of routine SO/GI collection in various settings. METHODS: We surveyed LGBT/non-LGBT patients and providers on their views on SO/GI collection...
February 21, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166581/a-student-led-introduction-to-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-for-first-year-medical-students
#4
Andrea M Grosz, Daniel Gutierrez, Andrea A Lui, Julia J Chang, Kathy Cole-Kelly, Henry Ng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals face significant health disparities. This is in part because many physicians are not sensitive to, and/or are underprepared to address, LGBT-specific concerns. To help meet this need, we, a group of second- and fourth-year medical students with faculty oversight, organized a session on LGBT health for first-year medical students. METHODS: The three second-year and one fourth-year student authors designed a mandatory session for the 167 first-years at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland, OH...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160786/advancing-health-equity-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-people-through-sexual-health-education-and-lgbt-affirming-health-care-environments
#5
Alex S Keuroghlian, Kevin L Ard, Harvey J Makadon
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people face pervasive health disparities and barriers to high-quality care. Adequate LGBT sexual health education for emerging health professionals is currently lacking. Clinical training programs and healthcare organisations are well poised to start addressing these disparities and affirming LGBT patients through curricula designed to cultivate core competencies in LBGT health as well as health care environments that welcome, include and protect LGBT patients, students and staff...
February 6, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087797/the-cascading-effects-of-marginalization-and-pathways-of-resilience-in-attaining-good-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#6
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Amanda E B Bryan, Chengshi Shiu, Charles A Emlet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#7
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029727/building-nurses-capacity-to-address-health-inequities-incorporating-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-content-in-a-family-nurse-practitioner-programme
#8
Charles T Yingling, Karen Cotler, Tonda L Hughes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience in incorporating lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health content into the family nurse practitioner curriculum at a Midwestern college of nursing in the United States. BACKGROUND: Globally, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people face disparities in the domains of physical health, behavioural risks, mental health and victimisation. There remains a paucity of nursing research on most aspects of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health and access to care...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001287/mental-health-and-the-transgender-population
#9
Tamar C Carmel, Laura Erickson-Schroth
Although research into the physical and mental health disparities faced by transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) populations is becoming more popular, historically it has been limited. It is now recognized that TGNC people experience disproportionate rates of negative mental health outcomes relative to both their gender-normative, heterosexual peers, as well as their gender-normative lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. The theoretical basis of current transgender mental health research is rooted in the Minority Stress Model, which postulates that we live in a hetero-centric, gender-normative society that stigmatizes and discriminates against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, subjecting them to chronic stress (Hendricks & Testa, 2012; Meyer, 1995)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934669/lgbt-coverage-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-results-of-a-national-survey
#10
Kenneth L Hillenburg, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney, Henry Temple, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to assess curricular coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content in U.S. and Canadian dental schools and U.S. dental hygiene programs, including hours of LGBT content, pedagogy used, and assessment methods, and to determine whether respondents perceived their institution's coverage as adequate. Data were collected from academic deans at 32 U.S. and two Canadian dental schools and from program directors at 71 U.S. dental hygiene programs (response rates 49%, 20%, 23%, respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815302/health-equity-and-aging-of-bisexual-older-adults-pathways-of-risk-and-resilience
#11
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Chengshi Shiu, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisexual older adults are a growing yet largely invisible, underserved, and understudied population. Utilizing the Health Equity Promotion Model, we examined hypothesized mechanisms accounting for health disparities between bisexual older adults and lesbian and gay older adults. METHOD: Based on data from Caring and Aging with Pride, the largest national survey of LGBT older adults, this study (N = 2,463) utilized structural equation modeling to investigate direct and indirect associations between sexual identity (bisexual vs...
November 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706875/patient-perspectives-on-answering-questions-about-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-an-integrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Ragnhildur I Bjarnadottir, Walter Bockting, Dawn W Dowding
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' perceptions of being asked about their sexual orientation and gender identity in the healthcare setting. BACKGROUND: Health disparities exist in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender population, but further research is needed to better understand these disparities. To address this issue, experts recommend the routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in health care. Nurses on the front line of patient care play a key role in the collection of these data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671960/addressing-health-disparities-via-coordination-of-care-and-interprofessional-education-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-and-oral-health-care
#13
REVIEW
Stefanie Russell, Frederick More
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons are a diverse group, but they share a common need for competent, accessible health care, dispensed without intolerance and with an understanding of their unique health needs. Dental practitioners need to understanding that LGBT persons have distinctive health (and oral health) needs. This article reviews the literature on oral and overall health of LGBT persons in the United States, and discusses ways in which dentists can improve the health care they provide to this vulnerable population, including how interprofessional education and collaborative practice may help to reduce oral health disparities within this group...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642514/does-an-improved-social-environment-for-sexual-and-gender-minorities-have-implications-for-a-new-minority-stress-research-agenda
#14
Ilan H Meyer
Prejudice and stigma have been central to our understanding of the health and well-being of LGBT people using the minority stress perspective. Minority stress research has explained adverse health outcomes in LGBT populations and health disparities between LGBT and heterosexual cisgender populations. Recent shifts in the social environment of LGBT people in some regions of the world allow the experience a more accepting and inclusive society. These changes require that social scientist adapt their research agenda...
2016: Psychology of Sexualities Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530417/disparities-between-online-assisted-reproduction-patient-education-for-same-sex-and-heterosexual-couples
#15
Helen Jin, Shoumita Dasgupta
STUDY QUESTION: Does the prevalence of online education in fertility center websites differ for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) couples compared to online education for heterosexual couples? SUMMARY ANSWER: This review of fertility center websites showed that the majority of websites with patient education for heterosexual couples do not have similar materials for LGBT couples. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In order to have biologically related children, LGBT individuals or couples utilize assisted reproductive technologies (ART)...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458482/identity-transformation-during-the-transition-to-parenthood-among-same-sex-couples-an-ecological-stress-strategy-adaptation-perspective
#16
Hongjian Cao, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Claire Wood, Mark A Fine
This article reviews the current research on the potential stressors associated with identity transformation experienced by same-sex couples during the transition to parenthood and the coping strategies they employ. By integrating disparate findings into an ecological, stress-strategy-adaptation framework, we demonstrate that the identity transformation experiences among same-sex couples during the transition to parenthood (a) involve various adaptive processes of navigating different stressors via their human agency within multiple nested contexts; (b) are products of the intersections of individual characteristics, relational dynamics, LGBT community culture, and heterosexual sociostructural norms; and (c) are complicated by social contextual factors such as social class, race/ethnicity, family structure, and the sociocultural environment associated with geographic location...
March 2016: Journal of Family Theory & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369374/-it-s-for-us-newcomers-lgbtq-persons-and-hiv-positive-persons-you-feel-free-to-be-a-qualitative-study-exploring-social-support-group-participation-among-african-and-caribbean-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-newcomers-and-refugees-in-toronto-canada
#17
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nakia Lee-Foon, Shannon Ryan, Hope Ramsay
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination harm the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and contribute to migration from contexts of sexual persecution and criminalization. Yet LGBT newcomers and refugees often face marginalization and struggles meeting the social determinants of health (SDOH) following immigration to countries such as Canada. Social isolation is a key social determinant of health that may play a significant role in shaping health disparities among LGBT newcomers and refugees...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072658/addressing-gaps-on-risk-and-resilience-factors-for-alcohol-use-outcomes-in-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations
#18
REVIEW
Amelia E Talley, Paul A Gilbert, Jason Mitchell, Jeremy Goldbach, Brandon D L Marshall, Debra Kaysen
ISSUES: In 2011, the Institute of Medicine released a report that constituted the first comprehensive effort by a federal body to understand the current state of science pertinent to the health needs of sexual and gender minority populations. This mini-review summarises recent empirical, methodological and theoretical advances in alcohol-related research among to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) populations and highlights progress towards addressing gaps, with a particular interest in those identified by the Institute of Medicine report...
July 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066890/making-the-invisible-visible-a-systematic-review-of-sexual-minority-women-s-health-in-southern-africa
#19
REVIEW
Alexandra Muller, Tonda L Hughes
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades research on sexual and gender minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender; LGBT) health has highlighted substantial health disparities based on sexual orientation and gender identity in many parts of the world. We systematically reviewed the literature on sexual minority women's (SMW) health in Southern Africa, with the objective of identifying existing evidence and pointing out knowledge gaps around the health of this vulnerable group in this region...
April 11, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035088/reducing-disparities-in-the-lgbt-community
#20
Jayne Skehan, Lynn S Muller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Professional Case Management
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