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Meei-Maan Wu, Ching-Fei Li, Li-Fang Lin, Alexander Sheng-Shin Wang, Yeong-Shiau Pu, Hsiu-Hua Wang, Ai-Chung Mar, Chien-Jen Chen, Te-Chang Lee
Galectine-4 (gal-4), encoded by the LGALS4 gene, was recently shown to exhibit a tumor suppressive effect in colorectal carcinoma and pancreatic adenocarcinoma, although how the expression of this gene is regulated remains unknown. No reports describe the significance of gal-4 in the malignant potential of urothelial tumors. Thus, we analyzed LGALS4 methylation and gene expression and their clinical relevance and biological function in urothelial carcinoma (UC). LGALS4 methylation was initially identified as a progression biomarker for UC patients through genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of 16 tumor samples...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
U Subrahmanyeswara Rao, Prema S Rao
One long-term complication of chronic intestinal inflammation is the development of colorectal cancer. However, the mechanisms linking inflammation to the colorectal tumorigenesis are poorly defined. Previously, we have demonstrated that galectin-4 is predominantly expressed in the luminal epithelia of the gastrointestinal tract, and its loss of expression plays a key role in the colorectal tumorigenesis. However, the mechanism by which galectin-4 regulates inflammation-induced tumorigenesis is unclear. Here, we show that galectin-4 secreted by the colorectal cancer cell lines was bound to the cell surface...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Reham Helwa, Anette Heller, Stian Knappskog, Andrea S Bauer
BACKGROUND: The ability of tumor cells to invade and metastasize is relevant to the process of cancer progression and, as such, it represents an obstacle to cancer cure. So far, limited information is available on interactions between circulating tumor cells and blood cells. It is well-documented that galectin-4 is upregulated in many types of tumor cells and is involved in metastasis. Here, we address the hypothesis that tumor cells may interact with red blood cells (RBCs) via galectin-4...
March 14, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Abirami Arasu, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Munuswamy-Ramanujam Ganesh, Mukesh Pasupuleti, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Jesu Arockiaraj
Galectins belong to the family of galactoside-binding proteins which act as pathogen recognition receptors by recognizing and binding to the carbohydrate present in the bacterial membranes. In this study, a Galectin-4 sequence was identified from the constructed cDNA library of Channa striatus and its structural features were reported. Gene expression analysis revealed that CsGal4 was highly expressed in liver and strongly induced by Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) causing pathogens such as Aphanomyces invadans, Aeromonas hydrophila and a viral analogue, poly I:C...
January 23, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Gerard Artigas, Hiroshi Hinou, Fayna Garcia-Martin, Hans-Joachim Gabius, Shin-Ichiro Nishimura
Functional pairing of cellular glycoconjugates with tissue lectins is a highly selective process, whose determinative factors have not yet been fully delineated. Glycan structure and modes of presentation, that is, its position and density, can contribute to binding, as different members of a lectin family can regulate degrees of responsiveness to these factors. Using a peptide repeat sequence motif of the glycoprotein mucin-1, the principle of introducing synthetic (glyco)peptides with distinct variations in these three parameters to an array-based screening of tissue lectins is illustrated...
January 3, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Laura Kuhlmann, Wiebke M Nadler, Alexander Kerner, Sabrina A Hanke, Elisa M Noll, Christian Eisen, Elisa Espinet, Vanessa Vogel, Andreas Trumpp, Martin R Sprick, Christoph P Roesli
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has been subclassified into 3 molecular subtypes: classical, quasi-mesenchymal, and exocrine-like. These subtypes exhibit differences in patient survival and drug resistance to conventional therapies. The aim of the current study is to identify novel subtype-specific protein biomarkers facilitating subtype stratification of patients with PDAC and novel therapy development. METHODS: A set of 12 human patient-derived primary cell lines was used as a starting material for an advanced label-free proteomics approach leading to the identification of novel cell surface and secreted biomarkers...
March 2017: Pancreas
Malwina Michalak, Uwe Warnken, Sabine André, Martina Schnölzer, Hans-Joachim Gabius, Juergen Kopitz
Endogenous lectins have the capacity to translate glycan-encoded information on the cell surface into effects on cell growth. As test cases to examine changes in protein presence associated with tumor growth inhibition, we applied SILAC-based proteomics on human colon carcinoma cells treated with galectin-4 (Gal-4). The five tested lines-LS 180, Vaco 432, Colo 205, CX 1, and HCT 116-responded with differentiation and reduced proliferation to Gal-4 binding. In proteomic analysis (mass spectral data deposited with PRIDE, PXD003489), 2654 proteins were quantified, of which 190 were down-regulated and 115 were up-regulated (>2-fold)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Joane K Rustiguel, Ricardo O S Soares, Steve P Meisburger, Katherine M Davis, Kristina L Malzbender, Nozomi Ando, Marcelo Dias-Baruffi, Maria Cristina Nonato
Galectins are proteins involved in diverse cellular contexts due to their capacity to decipher and respond to the information encoded by β-galactoside sugars. In particular, human galectin-4, normally expressed in the healthy gastrointestinal tract, displays differential expression in cancerous tissues and is considered a potential drug target for liver and lung cancer. Galectin-4 is a tandem-repeat galectin characterized by two carbohydrate recognition domains connected by a linker-peptide. Despite their relevance to cell function and pathogenesis, structural characterization of full-length tandem-repeat galectins has remained elusive...
September 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Junko Nio-Kobayashi
Fifteen galectins, β-galactose-binding animal lectins, are known to be distributed throughout the body. We herein summarize current knowledge on the tissue- and cell-specific localization of galectins and their potential functions in health and disease. Galectin-3 is widely distributed in epithelia, including the simple columnar epithelium in the gut, stratified squamous epithelium in the gut and skin, and transitional epithelium and several regions in nephrons in the urinary tract. Galectin-2 and galectin-4/6 are gut-specific, while galectin-7 is found in the stratified squamous epithelium in the gut and skin...
January 2017: Anatomical Science International
Tomohiro Arikawa, Shengjun Liao, Hiroki Shimada, Tomoki Inoue, Hiromi Sakata-Haga, Takanori Nakamura, Toshihisa Hatta, Hiroki Shoji
Placental development and trophoblast invasion of the maternal endometrium establish the maternal-fetal interface, which is critical for the developing embryo and fetus. Herein we show that overexpression of Galectin-4 (Gal-4) during trophoblast differentiation inhibited the enlargement of Rcho-1 cells (a model for rat trophoblast differentiation) and promoted cell-cell adhesion, whereas trophoblast specific markers and MMP-9 activity were not affected. In the rat placenta, microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 alpha (LC3) protein, an autophagy marker, is highly expressed on the maternal side of the decidua where Gal-4 expression is weak...
2016: Scientific Reports
Chin-Hsien Tsai, Sheue-Fen Tzeng, Tai-Kuang Chao, Chia-Yun Tsai, Yu-Chih Yang, Ming-Ting Lee, Jiuan-Jiuan Hwang, Yu-Ching Chou, Mong-Hsun Tsai, Tai-Lung Cha, Pei-Wen Hsiao
Metastatic prostate cancer continues to pose a difficult therapeutic challenge. Prostate cancer progression is associated with aberrant O-glycosylation of cancer cell surface receptors, but the functional impact of such events is uncertain. Here we report spontaneous metastasis of human prostate cancer xenografts that express high levels of galectin-4 along with genetic signatures of EGFR-HER2 signaling and O-glycosylation. Galectin-4 expression in clinical specimens of prostate cancer correlated with poor patient survival...
October 1, 2016: Cancer Research
Zhan-Qi Cao, Xiu-Li Guo
Galectin-4, a tandem repeat member of the β-galactoside-binding proteins, possesses two carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRD) in a single peptide chain. This lectin is mostly expressed in epithelial cells of the intestinal tract and secreted to the extracellular. The two domains have 40% similarity in amino acid sequence, but distinctly binding to various ligands. Just because the two domains bind to different ligands simultaneously, galectin-4 can be a crosslinker and crucial regulator in a large number of biological processes...
May 2016: Protein & Cell
Mattias Block, Johan Mölne, Hakon Leffler, Lars Börjesson, Michael E Breimer
INTRODUCTION: The aetiology and pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) are essentially unknown. Galectins are carbohydrate-binding lectins involved in a large number of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Little is known about the role of galectins in human UC. In this immunohistochemical exploratory study, both epithelial and inflammatory cell galectin expression were studied in patients with a thoroughly documented clinical history and were correlated with inflammatory activity...
2016: BioMed Research International
Khuchtumur Bum-Erdene, Hakon Leffler, Ulf J Nilsson, Helen Blanchard
Galectin-4 is a tandem-repeat galectin with two distinct carbohydrate recognition domains (CRD). Galectin-4 is expressed mainly in the alimentary tract and is proposed to function as a lipid raft and adherens junction stabilizer by its glycan cross-linking capacity. Galectin-4 plays divergent roles in cancer and inflammatory conditions, either promoting or inhibiting each disease progression, depending on the specific pathological condition. The study of galectin-4's ligand-binding profile may help decipher its roles under specific conditions...
February 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
Reham Helwa, Mohamed Ramadan, Abdel-Hady A Abdel-Wahab, Stian Knappskog, Andrea S Bauer
Galectin-4 is a member of the galectin family which consists of 15 galactoside-binding proteins. Previously, galectin-4 has been shown to have a role in cancer progression and metastasis and it is found upregulated in many solid tumours, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Recently, the role in the metastatic process was suggested to be via promoting cancer cells to adhere to blood vascular endothelium. In the present study, the regulatory region of LGALS4 (galectin-4) in seven colon cell lines was investigated with respect to genetic variation that could be linked to expression levels and therefore a tumourigenic effect...
July 2016: Mutagenesis
Xiaodong Li, Wenwei Hu, Xiao Zheng, Chu Zhang, Peng Du, Zhuojun Zheng, Yan Yang, Jun Wu, Mei Ji, Jingting Jiang, Changping Wu
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors has emerged as promising treatment modality for cancer based on the success of anti-CTLA-4 and -PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies. LAG-3 and TIM-3 are two new immune checkpoints. The aim of this work is to review the role and application of LAG-3 and TIM-3 for cancer immunotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literatures were searched and collected in Medline/PubMed. RESULTS: LAG-3 is presented as a CD4 homolog type I transmembrane protein which binds MHC class II molecules...
November 2015: Acta Oncologica
Gabriela da Silva Cruz, Ana Luiza Dias Angelo, Ticiana Ferreira Larocca, Carolina Thé Macedo, Márcia Noya-Rabelo, Luís Claudio Lemos Correia, Jorge Andion Torreão, Bruno Solano de Freitas Souza, Ricardo Ribeiro Dos Santos, Milena Botelho Pereira Soares
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3, a β-galactoside binding lectin, has been described as a mediator of cardiac fibrosis in experimental studies and as a risk factor associated with cardiovascular events in subjects with heart failure. Previous studies have evaluated the genetic susceptibility to Chagas disease in humans, including the polymorphisms of cytokine genes, demonstrating correlations between the genetic polymorphism and cardiomyopathy development in the chronic phase. However, the relationship between the galectin-3 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and phenotypic variations in Chagas disease has not been evaluated...
November 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Mengru Wu, Yuejie Zhu, Jing Zhao, Haiquan Ai, Qiaoqiao Gong, Jia Zhang, Junda Zhao, Qingli Wang, Xiaoling La, Jianbing Ding
This study is to investigate the mechanism of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). A total of 35 cases of URSA patients (URSA group), 20 cases with normal pregnancy (normal pregnancy group) and 20 healthy non-pregnancy candidates (healthy control group) were enrolled in this study. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used for detection of serum soluble Tim-3 (sTim3) and Galectin-9. Cytokine bead array (CBA) determination method was used to detect IFN-γ and IL-4 expression levels...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
James F Sampson, Amol Suryawanshi, Wei-Sheng Chen, Gabriel A Rabinovich, Noorjahan Panjwani
Galectins (Gals) have emerged as potent immunoregulatory molecules that control chronic inflammation through distinct mechanisms. Gal-8, a tandem-repeat type Gal with unique preference for α2,3-sialylated glycans, is ubiquitously expressed, but little is known about its role in T-cell differentiation. Here we report that Gal-8 promotes the polyclonal differentiation of primary mouse regulatory T (Treg) cells in vitro. We further show that Gal-8 also facilitates antigen-specific differentiation of Treg cells, and that Treg cells polarized in the presence of Gal-8 express cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 and interleukin (IL)-10 at a higher frequency than control Treg cells, and efficiently inhibit proliferation of activated T-cells in vitro...
February 2016: Immunology and Cell Biology
Satwat Hashmi, Suhail Al-Salam
Galectin-1 (GAL-1) belongs to the family of β-galactoside-binding lectins. It regulates cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, the immune response, apoptosis, cell cycle, RNA splicing and neoplastic transformation. We investigate the effect of heart manipulation secondary to cardiac surgery on the level of GAL-1 in murine heart and plasma. Male C57B6/J mice were used for adopted model of cardiac surgery. Heart samples were processed for immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent labeling, Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and quantitative RT-PCR to identify GAL-1 levels in the heart and plasma during the first 24 hours following cardiac surgery...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
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