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Research Domain Criteria

Janet D Morrison, Lori Mayer
PURPOSE: To identify and synthesize the research evidence concerning (1) the relationship between physical activity and cognitive performance in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and (2) to review the reported effects of physical activity interventions on neurocognitive performance conducted in this population. METHODS: Relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were identified by searching PubMed, PsychINFO, and SPORTDiscus through May 2016. Full-text articles meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated for quality using tools developed by the National Institutes of Health...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Jiang Li, Kai Su, Fang Li, Wei Tang, Yao Huang, Le Wang, Huiyao Huang, Jufang Shi, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most common malignancy and screening can decrease the mortality. High quality screening guideline is necessary and important for effective work. Our study is to review and evaluate the basic characteristics and methodology quality of the current global lung cancer screening guidelines so as to provide useful information for domestic study in the future. METHODS: Electronic searches were done in English and Chinese databases including PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, CBM, Wanfang, and some cancer official websites...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Carol L Hodgson, Alison E Turnbull, Theodore J Iwashyna, Ann Parker, Wesley Davis, Clifton O Bingham, Nicola R Watts, Simon Finfer, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in measuring the quality of survivorship for patients admitted to the intensive care (ICU) for acute respiratory failure (ARF). However, there is substantial variability in the patient outcomes reported in studies evaluating these patients, with few data on which outcomes are essential to inform clinical practice. PURPOSE: To determine clinicians' perspectives on the outcome domains that should always be reported in studies evaluating ARF survivors after hospital discharge, and to compare findings between the US and Australian perspectives...
October 6, 2016: Physical Therapy
Emma K Hooper, Tracy Collins
Dementia caregiving is thought to have a negative impact on health and wellbeing. This critical review of qualitative literature explored the lived experience of familial dementia caregivers from an occupational therapy perspective. The method was informed by systematic review and qualitative research methodologies and was structured within the occupational dimensions framework of doing-being-becoming-belonging. A comprehensive search of major databases was undertaken which identified 484 studies on the topic; 14 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review...
October 6, 2016: Dementia
George C Roush, Brigani Amante, Tanveer Singh, Hiwot Ayele, Morakinyo Araoye, Danwen Yang, William J Kostis, William J Elliott, John B Kostis, Jesse A Berlin
OBJECTIVES: Doubling on average every 6 years, hypertension-related meta-analyses are now published twice weekly and are often considered the highest level of evidence for clinical practice. However, some hypertension specialists and guideline authors view meta-analyses with skepticism. This article evaluates the quality of hypertension-related meta-analyses of clinical trials. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for meta-analyses of clinical trials recently published over 3...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Wesam Saleh A Al Attar, Najeebullah Soomro, Peter J Sinclair, Evangelos Pappas, Ross H Sanders
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries are among the most common non-contact injuries in sports. The Nordic hamstring (NH) exercise has been shown to decrease risk by increasing eccentric hamstring strength. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effectiveness of the injury prevention programs that included the NH exercise on reducing hamstring injury rates while factoring in athlete workload. METHODS: Two researchers independently searched for eligible studies using the following databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials via OvidSP, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine) via OvidSP, EMBASE, PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, CINAHL and AusSportMed, from inception to December 2015...
October 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
Rainer von Coelln, Lisa M Shulman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent studies on clinical, genetic and pathological heterogeneity of Parkinson disease have renewed the old debate whether we should think of Parkinson disease as one disease with variations, or as a group of independent diseases that happen to present with similar phenotypes. Here, we provide an overview of where the debate is coming from, and how recent findings in clinical subtyping, genetics and clinico-pathological correlation have shaped this controversy over the last few years...
October 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Nathan Young, Marianne Corriveau, Vivian M Nguyen, Steven J Cooke, Scott G Hinch
This article examines how potential users of scientific and local/traditional/experiential knowledge evaluate new claims to knowing, using 67 interviews with government employees and non-governmental stakeholders involved in co-managing salmon fisheries in Canada's Fraser River. Research has consistently shown that there are major obstacles to moving new knowledge into policy, management, and public domains. New concepts such as Knowledge Exchange (KE) and Knowledge Mobilization (KMb) are being used to investigate these obstacles, but the processes by which potential users evaluate (sometimes competing) knowledge claims remain poorly understood...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Ian R Gizer
Epidemiologic studies demonstrating high rates of co-occurrence among psychiatric disorders at the population level have contributed to large literatures focused on identifying the causal mechanisms underlying the patterns of co-occurrence among these disorders. Such efforts have long represented a core focus of developmental psychopathologists and have more recently been supported by the Research Domain Criteria initiative developed by the NIMH, which provides a further framework for how the hypothesized mechanisms can be studied at different levels of analysis...
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Theodore P Beauchaine, Dante Cicchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Charles A Sanislow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
David M McCord, Margaret C Achee, Elissa M Cannon, Tiffany M Harrop, William D Poynter
The National Institute of Mental Health has proposed a paradigm shift in the conceptualization of psychopathology, abandoning the traditional categorical model in favor of one based on hierarchically organized dimensional constructs (Insel et al., 2010 ). One explicit goal of this initiative, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project, is to facilitate the incorporation of newly available neurobiologic variables into research on psychopathology. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011 ) represents a similar paradigm shift, also adopting a hierarchical arrangement of dimensional constructs...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Mohammad Ali Azizi Ganzagh, Mardali Yousefpour, Zahra Taherian
In this study, the synthesis of SBA-15/Ag nanocomposite materials with different amounts of silver (2.5, 5, and 10 %) has been investigated under acidic conditions by using P123 as a template via the direct method. The nanocomposites of SBA-15 were synthesized by the same method and by the addition of silver salt. Finally, the nanocomposite materials were examined for the removal of mercury ions from wastewater as an adsorbent by the reverse titration method. Characterization was carried out through x-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and N2 adsorption-desorption (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller)...
October 2016: Journal of Chemical Biology
Clay B Holroyd, Akina Umemoto
The United States National Institute of Mental Health has recently promoted the Research Domain Criteria framework, which emphasizes the study of neurocognitive constructs that cut across different disorders. These constructs are said to express dimensionally across the population, giving rise to psychopathologies only in the extreme cases where that expression is maladaptive. Inspired by the RDoC framework, we propose that recent insights into the function of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), a brain area said to be responsible for selecting and motivating extended behaviors, may elucidate the etiology of a diverse array of mental disorders...
September 28, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Katharina Kircanski, Susan Zhang, Argyris Stringaris, Jillian Lee Wiggins, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Melissa A Brotman
BACKGROUND: By conceptualizing domains of behavior transdiagnostically, the National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria (NIMH RDoC) initiative facilitates new ways of studying psychiatric symptoms. In this study, latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to empirically derive classes or patterns of psychiatric symptoms in youth that transect traditional nosologic boundaries. METHODS: Data were drawn from 509 children and adolescents (ages 7-18 years; mean age =12...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nicolaus W Glomb, Manish I Shah, Andrea T Cruz
BACKGROUND: There is global variation in the ability of hospital-based emergency centres to provide paediatric emergency medicine (PEM) services. Although minimum standards have been proposed, they may not be applicable in resource-limited settings. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to identify reasonable minimum standards to provide safe and effective care for acutely ill children in resource-limited settings. METHODS: Using previously proposed standards from the International Federation of Emergency Medicine (IFEM), a modified Delphi approach was used to reach agreement regarding minimum standards for PEM in resource-limited settings...
September 29, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Axel Vande Veegaete, Vere Borra, Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove
OBJECTIVES: To appraise the quality of guidelines developed by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) between 2001 and 2015. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: 2 authors independently assessed the quality of IFRC guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument. Average domain scores were calculated and overall quality scores and recommendation for use were determined...
2016: BMJ Open
D S Karhson, A Y Hardan, K J Parker
Core deficits in social functioning are associated with various neuropsychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders, yet biomarker identification and the development of effective pharmacological interventions has been limited. Recent data suggest the intriguing possibility that endogenous cannabinoids, a class of lipid neuromodulators generally implicated in the regulation of neurotransmitter release, may contribute to species-typical social functioning. Systematic study of the endogenous cannabinoid signaling could, therefore, yield novel approaches to understand the neurobiological underpinnings of atypical social functioning...
2016: Translational Psychiatry
Clare Gardiner, Christine Ingleton, Tony Ryan, Sue Ward, Merryn Gott
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand the costs of palliative and end-of-life care in order to inform decisions regarding cost allocation. However, economic research in palliative care is very limited and little is known about the range and extent of the costs that are involved in palliative care provision. AIM: To undertake a systematic review of the health and social care literature to determine the range of financial costs related to a palliative care approach and explore approaches used to measure these costs...
September 26, 2016: Palliative Medicine
Daniel Waltho, Gloria Rockwell
BACKGROUND: Post-mastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a frequent complication of breast surgery. There is currently no standard definition for this chronic pain syndrome. The purpose of this review was to establish a consensus for defining PMPS by identifying the various elements included in the definitions and how they vary across the literature, determining how these definitions affect the methodological components therein, and proposing a definition that appropriately encompasses all of the appropriate elements...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
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