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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101271/the-impact-of-an-interactive-statistics-module-on-novices-development-of-scientific-process-skills-and-attitudes-in-a-first-semester-research-foundations-course
#1
Lynnsay A Marsan, Christina E D'Arcy, Jeffrey T Olimpo
Evidence suggests that incorporating quantitative reasoning exercises into existent curricular frameworks within the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines is essential for novices' development of conceptual understanding and process skills in these domains. Despite this being the case, such studies acknowledge that students often experience difficulty in applying mathematics in the context of scientific problems. To address this concern, the present study sought to explore the impact of active demonstrations and critical reading exercises on novices' comprehension of basic statistical concepts, including hypothesis testing, experimental design, and interpretation of research findings...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099516/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-rare-diseases-the-orphanet-database
#2
Sonia Pavan, Kathrin Rommel, María Elena Mateo Marquina, Sophie Höhn, Valérie Lanneau, Ana Rath
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for rare diseases (RDs) are scarce, may be difficult to identify through Internet searches and may vary in quality depending on the source and methodology used. In order to contribute to the improvement of the diagnosis, treatment and care of patients, Orphanet (www.orpha.net) has set up a procedure for the selection, quality evaluation and dissemination of CPGs, with the aim to provide easy access to relevant, accurate and specific recommendations for the management of RDs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093239/application-of-technology-to-social-communication-impairment-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
REVIEW
Andrea Trubanova Wieckowski, Susan W White
Social communication impairment has been implicated in various mental health disorders. The primary aim of this review paper is to summarize the extant research on the development and application of technologies to address social communication deficits, conceptualized according to the four constructs outlined by the NIMH's Research Domain Criteria (RDoC), transdiagnostically in children and adolescents. An exhaustive and systematic search yielded 69 peer-reviewed articles meeting all inclusion criteria (i.e...
January 13, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089972/a-preliminary-core-domain-set-for-clinical-trials-of-shoulder-disorders-a-report-from-the-omeract-2016-shoulder-core-outcome-set-special-interest-group
#4
Rachelle Buchbinder, Matthew J Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Dorcas Beaton, Christian Kopkow, Mario Lenza, Nitin B Jain, Bethan Richards, Pamela Richards, Marieke Voshaar, Danielle van der Windt, Joel J Gagnier
OBJECTIVE: The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Shoulder Core Outcome Set Special Interest Group (SIG) was established to develop a core outcome set (COS) for clinical trials of shoulder disorders. METHODS: In preparation for OMERACT 2016, we systematically examined all outcome domains and measurement instruments reported in 409 randomized trials of interventions for shoulder disorders published between 1954 and 2015. Informed by these data, we conducted an international Delphi consensus study including shoulder trial experts, clinicians, and patients to identify key domains that should be included in a shoulder disorder COS...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089967/clinical-orofacial-examination-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-international-consensus-based-recommendations-for-monitoring-patients-in-clinical-practice-and-research-studies
#5
Peter Stoustrup, Marinka Twilt, Lynn Spiegel, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Bernd Koos, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Annelise Küseler, Randy Q Cron, Shelly Abramowicz, Carlalberta Verna, Timo Peltomäki, Per Alstergren, Ross Petty, Sarah Ringold, Sven Erik Nørholt, Rotraud K Saurenmann, Troels Herlin
OBJECTIVE: To develop international consensus-based recommendations for the orofacial examination of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), for use in clinical practice and research. METHODS: Using a sequential phased approach, a multidisciplinary task force developed and evaluated a set of recommendations for the orofacial examination of patients with JIA. Phase 1: A Delphi survey was conducted among 40 expert physicians and dentists with the aim of identifying and ranking the importance of items for inclusion...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080103/empirical-influence-of-the-multicultural-guidelines-a-brief-report
#6
Nadya A Fouad, Mercedes Santana, Arpita Ghosh
OBJECTIVE: In 2002, the American Psychological Association (APA) Council of Representatives approved the "Guidelines for Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice and Organizational Change for Psychologists." The Guidelines have been downloaded 64,153 times from the APA website from 2007 to 2013, and have been cited nearly 900 times. This suggests that the Guidelines have influenced education, training, research, and practice in psychology. However, it is unclear how the Guidelines have influenced these domains...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077106/age-of-onset-of-substance-use-and-psychosocial-problems-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#7
Anju Poudel, Sital Gautam
BACKGROUND: Substance use is generally initiated in adolescence or early adulthood and is commonly associated with several physical, psychological, emotional and social problems. The objective of this study is to assess the age of onset of substance use differences on psychosocial problems among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) residing in drug rehabilitation centers. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional research design was carried out. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique was used to select the drug rehabilitation centers and all the respondents meeting the inclusion criteria of the selected seven rehabilitation centers were taken as a sample and comprised of 221 diagnosed individuals with SUDs...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072415/functional-neuroimaging-effects-of-recently-discovered-genetic-risk-loci-for-schizophrenia-and-polygenic-risk-profile-in-five-rdoc-subdomains
#8
S Erk, S Mohnke, S Ripke, T A Lett, I M Veer, C Wackerhagen, O Grimm, N Romanczuk-Seiferth, F Degenhardt, H Tost, M Mattheisen, T W Mühleisen, K Charlet, N Skarabis, F Kiefer, S Cichon, S H Witt, M M Nöthen, M Rietschel, A Heinz, A Meyer-Lindenberg, H Walter
Recently, 125 loci with genome-wide support for association with schizophrenia were identified. We investigated the impact of these variants and their accumulated genetic risk on brain activation in five neurocognitive domains of the Research Domain Criteria (working memory, reward processing, episodic memory, social cognition and emotion processing). In 578 healthy subjects we tested for association (i) of a polygenic risk profile score (RPS) including all single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reaching genome-wide significance in the recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) meta-analysis and (ii) of all independent genome-wide significant loci separately that showed sufficient distribution of all allelic groups in our sample (105 SNPs)...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067006/addressing-reverse-inference-in-psychiatric-neuroimaging-meta-analyses-of-task-related-brain-activation-in-common-mental-disorders
#9
Emma Sprooten, Alexander Rasgon, Morgan Goodman, Ariella Carlin, Evan Leibu, Won Hee Lee, Sophia Frangou
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in psychiatry use various tasks to identify case-control differences in the patterns of task-related brain activation. Differently activated regions are often ascribed disorder-specific functions in an attempt to link disease expression and brain function. We undertook a systematic meta-analysis of data from task-fMRI studies to examine the effect of diagnosis and study design on the spatial distribution and direction of case-control differences on brain activation...
January 9, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065884/how-far-are-we-from-full-implementation-of-health-promoting-workplace-concepts-a-review-of-implementation-tools-and-frameworks-in-workplace-interventions
#10
Masoud Motalebi G, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Karl Kuhn, Ali Ramezankhani, Mansour R Azari
INTRODUCTION: Health promoting workplace frameworks provide a holistic view on determinants of workplace health and the link between individuals, work and environment, however, the operationalization of these frameworks has not been very clear. This study provides a typology of the different understandings, frameworks/tools used in the workplace health promotion practice or research worldwide. It discusses the degree of their conformity with Ottawa Charter's spirit and the key actions expected to be implemented in health promoting settings such as workplaces...
January 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063859/assessing-palliative-care-content-in-dementia-care-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Pamela Durepos, Abigail Wickson-Griffiths, Afeez Abiola Hazzan, Sharon Kaasalainen, Vasilia Vastis, Lisa Battistella, Alexandra Papaioannou
CONTEXT: Families of persons with dementia continue to report unmet needs during end-of-life. Strategies to improve care and quality of life for persons with dementia include development of clinical practice guidelines (CPG) and an integrative palliative approach. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess palliative care content in dementia CPGs in order to identify the presence or limitations of recommendations and discussion pertaining to common issues or domains affected by illness as described by the Canadian Hospice Palliative Care 'Square of Care'...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062471/pharmacological-guidelines-for-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-comparison-of-recommendations-for-the-first-episode
#13
Dolores Keating, Stephen McWilliams, Ian Schneider, Caroline Hynes, Gráinne Cousins, Judith Strawbridge, Mary Clarke
OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) support the translation of research evidence into clinical practice. Key health questions in CPGs ensure that recommendations will be applicable to the clinical context in which the guideline is used. The objectives of this study were to identify CPGs for the pharmacological treatment of first-episode schizophrenia; assess the quality of these guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) instrument; and compare recommendations in relation to the key health questions that are relevant to the pharmacological treatment of first-episode schizophrenia...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059789/the-mild-behavioral-impairment-checklist%C3%A2-mbi-c-a-rating-scale-for%C3%A2-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in%C3%A2-pre-dementia-populations
#14
Zahinoor Ismail, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Henry Brodaty, Alicja Cieslak, Jeffrey Cummings, Corinne E Fischer, Serge Gauthier, Yonas E Geda, Nathan Herrmann, Jamila Kanji, Krista L Lanctôt, David S Miller, Moyra E Mortby, Chiadi U Onyike, Paul B Rosenberg, Eric E Smith, Gwenn S Smith, David L Sultzer, Constantine Lyketsos
BACKGROUND: Mild behavioral impairment (MBI) is a construct that describes the emergence at ≥50 years of age of sustained and impactful neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), as a precursor to cognitive decline and dementia. MBI describes NPS of any severity, which are not captured by traditional psychiatric nosology, persist for at least 6 months, and occur in advance of or in concert with mild cognitive impairment. While the detection and description of MBI has been operationalized in the International Society to Advance Alzheimer's Research and Treatment - Alzheimer's Association (ISTAART-AA) research diagnostic criteria, there is no instrument that accurately reflects MBI as described...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057475/motivation-emotion-regulation-and-the-latent-structure-of-psychopathology-an-integrative-and-convergent-historical-perspective
#15
Theodore P Beauchaine, Aimee Zisner
Motivational models of psychopathology have long been advanced by psychophysiologists, and have provided key insights into neurobiological mechanisms of a wide range of psychiatric disorders. These accounts emphasize individual differences in activity and reactivity of bottom-up, subcortical neural systems of approach and avoidance in affecting behavior. Largely independent literatures emphasize the roles of top-down, cortical deficits in emotion regulation and executive function in conferring vulnerability to psychopathology...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057027/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-primary-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Dawn V Ernstzen, Quinette A Louw, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: Up-to-date, high quality, evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) that are applicable for primary healthcare are vital to optimize services for the population with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMSP). The study aimed to systematically identify and appraise the available evidence-based CPGs for the management of CMSP in adults presenting in primary healthcare settings. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Twelve guideline clearinghouses and six electronic databases were searched for eligible CPGs published between the years 2000 and May 2015...
January 5, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049634/physical-activity-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ruth Stephen, Kristiina Hongisto, Alina Solomon, Eija Lönnroos
The current literature includes several studies investigating the association between physical activity and risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate available evidence on this association. Medline via PubMed and CINAHL databases were searched for original English language research articles assessing the relationship between physical activity and incident AD. The review was limited to prospective observational and intervention studies. Criteria for exclusion were studies focusing on individuals with dementia, cross-sectional study design, and case reports...
January 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039363/impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-in-meningioma-patients-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Amir H Zamanipoor Najafabadi, Marthe C M Peeters, Linda Dirven, Daniel J Lobatto, Justus L Groen, Marieke L D Broekman, Saskia M Peerdeman, Wilo C Peul, Martin J B Taphoorn, Wouter R van Furth
While surgical and radiotherapeutic improvements increased life expectancy of meningioma patients, little is known about these patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Therefore, the objectives of this systematic review were to assess HRQoL in meningioma patients, the methodological quality of the used questionnaires (COSMIN criteria), and the reporting level of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in the included studies (International Society of Quality of Life Research criteria).Nineteen articles met our inclusion criteria...
December 29, 2016: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030422/factors-influencing-mini-cex-rater-judgments-and-their-practical-implications-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
Victor Lee, Keira Brain, Jenepher Martin
PURPOSE: At present, little is known about how mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) raters translate their observations into judgments and ratings. The authors of this systematic literature review aim both to identify the factors influencing mini-CEX rater judgments in the medical education setting and to translate these findings into practical implications for clinician assessors. METHOD: The authors searched for internal and external factors influencing mini-CEX rater judgments in the medical education setting from 1980 to 2015 using the Ovid MEDLINE, PsycINFO, ERIC, PubMed, and Scopus databases...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029612/what-are-the-most-common-domains-of-the-core-competencies-of-disaster-nursing-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Brett Williams
AIM: Scoping review was conducted to identify the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an essential role in all phases of disaster management. For nurses to respond competently, they must be equipped with the skills to provide comprehensive and holistic care to the populations affected by or at risk of disasters. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology...
October 28, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
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