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Research Domain Criteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922648/a-theoretical-and-empirical-modeling-of-anxiety-integrated-with-rdoc-and-temporal-dynamics
#1
Brandon Frank, Nicholas C Jacobson, Landon Hurley, Dean McKay
The newly launched Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) emphasize specific mechanisms over diagnostic categories of psychopathology. In our view, RDoC provides a useful heuristic for mental health disorders, but does not capture the complexity of psychological data when proposed mechanisms are viewed as static entities. However, temporal and complex system dynamics may advance RDoC's utility. By investigating temporal patterns within trajectories and the interaction of complex networks, we propose that dynamic modeling provides comprehensive methods with which to investigate the etiopathology and maintenance of mental health disorders...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920886/retinal-layer-segmentation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Axel Petzold, Laura J Balcer, Peter A Calabresi, Fiona Costello, Teresa C Frohman, Elliot M Frohman, Elena H Martinez-Lapiscina, Ari J Green, Randy Kardon, Olivier Outteryck, Friedemann Paul, Sven Schippling, Patrik Vermersch, Pablo Villoslada, Lisanne J Balk
BACKGROUND: Structural retinal imaging biomarkers are important for early recognition and monitoring of inflammation and neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis. With the introduction of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), supervised automated segmentation of individual retinal layers is possible. We aimed to investigate which retinal layers show atrophy associated with neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis when measured with SD-OCT. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched for studies in which SD-OCT was used to look at the retina in people with multiple sclerosis with or without optic neuritis in PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar between Nov 22, 1991, and April 19, 2016...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911048/what-can-different-motor-circuits-tell-us-about-psychosis-an-rdoc-perspective
#3
Vijay A Mittal, Jessica A Bernard, Georg Northoff
Signs of motor dysfunction are evidenced across a range of psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia. Historically, these features have been neglected but emerging theoretical and methodological advancements have shed new light on the utility of considering movement abnormalities. Indeed, the National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria initiative has recently met to develop a Motor Systems Domain. This reflects a growing appreciation for the enhanced reliability and validity that can come along with evaluating disturbances relevant to psychiatric illnesses from multiple levels of analysis, and conceptualizing these domains with respect to the complexity of their role in a broader integrated system (ie, weighing contributions and interactions between the cognitive, affective, and motor domains)...
September 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900406/neural-representation-a-survey-based-analysis-of-the-notion
#4
Oscar Vilarroya
The word representation (as in "neural representation"), and many of its related terms, such as to represent, representational and the like, play a central explanatory role in neuroscience literature. For instance, in "place cell" literature, place cells are extensively associated with their role in "the representation of space." In spite of its extended use, we still lack a clear, universal and widely accepted view on what it means for a nervous system to represent something, on what makes a neural activity a representation, and on what is re-presented...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882157/symptom-management-in-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-icd-11-view-and-experience-of-patients-and-their-relatives-a-mixed-methods-approach-research-proposal
#5
Manuel P Stadtmann, Andreas Maercker, Jochen Binder, Wilfried Schnepp
OBJECTIVE: Using the framework of IDC-11, complex post-traumatic stress disorder will be diagnosed using the core criteria of a post-traumatic stress disorder and the presence of at least one symptom from the following three domains: symptoms of emotional dysregulation, negative self-concept, and problems in interpersonal relationships. In the literature, these symptoms are discussed as a common reason for seeking treatment. The symptoms can influence and impair the quality of life. This article describes a mixed methods study with a sequential exploratory design...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879833/prevalence-of-mild-behavioral-impairment-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-subjective-cognitive-decline-and-its-association-with-caregiver-burden
#6
Faisal Sheikh, Zahinoor Ismail, Moyra E Mortby, Philip Barber, Alicja Cieslak, Karyn Fischer, Robert Granger, David B Hogan, Aaron Mackie, Colleen J Maxwell, Bijoy Menon, Patricia Mueller, David Patry, Dawn Pearson, Jeremy Quickfall, Tolulope Sajobi, Eric Tse, Meng Wang, Eric E Smith
BACKGROUND: Mild behavioral impairment (MBI) describes later life acquired, sustained neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in cognitively normal individuals or those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), as an at-risk state for incident cognitive decline and dementia. We developed an operational definition of MBI and tested whether the presence of MBI was related to caregiver burden in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) or MCI assessed at a memory clinic. METHODS: MBI was assessed in 282 consecutive memory clinic patients with SCD (n = 119) or MCI (n = 163) in accordance with the International Society to Advance Alzheimer's Research and Treatment - Alzheimer's Association (ISTAART-AA) research diagnostic criteria...
September 7, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878815/efficacy-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-stroke-modifiable-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Wenbo Peng, Romy Lauche, Caleb Ferguson, Jane Frawley, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of stroke burden is attributable to its modifiable risk factors. This paper aimed to systematically summarise the evidence of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) interventions on stroke modifiable risk factors for stroke prevention. METHODS: A literature search was conducted via the MEDLINE, CINAHL/EBSCO, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Database from 1996 to 2016. Randomised controlled trials or cross-over studies were included. Risk of bias was assessed according to the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872468/sexual-disorders-beyond-dsm-5-the-unfinished-affaire
#8
Felipe Navarro-Cremades, Chiara Simonelli, Angel L Montejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of post-The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. classifications related to human sexuality. After reviewing the literature on classification and clinical practice of sexual disorders, some of the most important contributions on main sexological classifications and frameworks were selected, especially from January 2016 till June 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: New relevant contributions on psychiatric and sexological classifications and frameworks have been proposed, such as the international classification of diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), research domain criteria, the third edition of the Diagnostic Manual in Sexology and the person-centered psychiatry perspective...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867935/the-history-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-as-a-diagnostic-category
#9
Marc-Antoine Crocq
From the 19th century into the 20th century, the terms used to diagnose generalized anxiety included "pantophobia" and "anxiety neurosis." Such terms designated paroxysmal manifestations (panic attacks) as well as interparoxysmal phenomenology (the apprehensive mental state). Also, generalized anxiety was considered one of numerous symptoms of neurasthenia, a vaguely defined illness. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) appeared as a diagnostic category in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980, when anxiety neurosis was split into GAD and panic disorder...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867256/timing-of-intubation-in-acute-respiratory-failure-associated-with-sepsis-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Philippe R Bauer, Ashok Kumbamu, Michael E Wilson, Jasleen K Pannu, Jason S Egginton, Rahul Kashyap, Ognjen Gajic
OBJECTIVE: To analyze bedside clinicians' perspectives regarding the decision process to optimize timing of intubation in sepsis-associated acute respiratory failure. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This mixed methods study was conducted from March 1, 2015, through June 30, 2016. Using qualitative research methods, factors that influenced variability in the decision to intubate were organized into categories and used to build a theoretical explanatory model grounded in current practice variance...
August 31, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860889/mindfulness-burnout-and-effects-on-performance-evaluations-in-internal-medicine-residents
#11
Sarah E Braun, Stephen M Auerbach, Bruce Rybarczyk, Bennett Lee, Stephanie Call
PURPOSE: Burnout has been documented at high levels in medical residents with negative effects on performance. Some dispositional qualities, like mindfulness, may protect against burnout. The purpose of the present study was to assess burnout prevalence among internal medicine residents at a single institution, examine the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, and provide preliminary findings on the relation between burnout and performance evaluations in internal medicine residents...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859486/an-appraisal-of-practice-guidelines-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
Ratika Sharma, Kristel Alla, Daniel Pfeffer, Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Steve Kisely, Coral Gartner
OBJECTIVE: To review the quality of current smoking cessation guidelines that include recommendations for people with severe mental illness. METHODS: A systematic search of scientific databases, central government health authority websites, psychiatry peak bodies, guideline clearing houses and Google was undertaken for relevant smoking cessation guidelines. Three reviewers independently assessed guideline quality using the AGREE II (Appraisal of Guidelines for REsearch and Evaluation II) instrument...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858886/state-of-the-science-in-heart-failure-symptom-perception-research-an-integrative-review
#13
Solim Lee, Barbara Riegel
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a common condition requiring self-care to maintain physical stability, prevent hospitalization, and improve quality of life. Symptom perception, a domain of HF self-care newly added to the situation-specific theory of HF self-care, is defined as a comprehensive process of monitoring and recognizing physical sensations and interpreting and labeling the meaning of the sensations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review was to describe the research conducted on HF symptom perception to further understanding of this new concept...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854192/essential-metrics-for-assessing-sex-gender-integration-in-health-research-proposals-involving-human-participants
#14
Suzanne Day, Robin Mason, Cara Tannenbaum, Paula A Rochon
Integrating sex and gender in health research is essential to produce the best possible evidence to inform health care. Comprehensive integration of sex and gender requires considering these variables from the very beginning of the research process, starting at the proposal stage. To promote excellence in sex and gender integration, we have developed a set of metrics to assess the quality of sex and gender integration in research proposals. These metrics are designed to assist both researchers in developing proposals and reviewers in making funding decisions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840198/biobehavioral-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-stress-an-rdoc-perspective
#15
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Anne K Baker, Matthew O Howard
Mindfulness-based interventions have been heralded as promising means of alleviating chronic stress. While meta-analyses indicate that mindfulness-based interventions significantly reduce global measures of stress, how mindfulness-based interventions modulate the specific mechanisms underpinning chronic stress as operationalized by the National Institute of Mental Health research domain criteria (RDoC) of sustained threat has not yet been detailed in the literature. To address this knowledge gap, this article aims to (1) review evidence that mindfulness-based interventions ameliorate each of the 10 elements of behavioral dysregulation characterizing sustained threat via an array of mindful counter-regulatory strategies; (2) review evidence that mindfulness-based interventions modify biological domains implicated in sustained threat, such as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, as well as brain circuits involved in attentional function, limbic reactivity, habit behavior, and the default mode network; and (3) integrate these findings into a novel conceptual framework of mindful self-regulation in the face of stress-the Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory...
February 2017: Chronic stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838320/does-value-stream-mapping-affect-the-structure-process-and-outcome-quality-in-care-facilities-a-systematic-review
#16
Marina Nowak, Holger Pfaff, Ute Karbach
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement within health and social care facilities is needed and has to be evidence-based and patient-centered. Value Stream Mapping, a method of Lean management, aims to increase the patients' value and quality of care by a visualization and quantification of the care process. The aim of this research is to examine the effectiveness of Value Stream Mapping on structure, process, and outcome quality in care facilities. METHODS: A systematic review is conducted...
August 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834961/-selected-quality-characteristics-of-out-patient-psychosocial-cancer-counseling-centers-in-germany-a-nationwide-analysis
#17
J├╝rgen M Giesler, Tanja Faust, Jochen Ernst, Susanne Kuhnt, Anja Mehnert, Joachim Weis
Objectives Quality assurance has become increasingly relevant in the field of outpatient psychosocial cancer counseling. At the same time, no studies are currently available that analyze outpatient psychosocial cancer counseling centers in Germany with respect to standards of service quality. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether these centers meet selected quality criteria of outpatient psychosocial cancer counseling. Methods Based on quality standards of outpatient psychosocial cancer counseling previously developed by us in a Delphi study, we surveyed 106 out of 151 German psychosocial outpatient cancer counseling centers registered in a publicly accessible data base of Germany's cancer information service in Heidelberg with respect to the selected quality characteristics...
August 23, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829051/dopamine-transporter-and-reward-anticipation-in-a-dimensional-perspective-a-multimodal-brain-imaging-study
#18
Manon Dubol, Christian Trichard, Claire Leroy, Anca-Larisa Sandu, Mehdi Rahim, Bernard Granger, Eleni T Tzavara, Laurent Karila, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges
Dopamine function and reward processing are highly interrelated and involve common brain regions afferent to the Nucleus Accumbens, within the mesolimbic pathway. While dopamine function and reward system neural activity are impaired in most psychiatric disorders, it is unknown if alterations in the dopamine system underlie variations in reward processing across a continuum encompassing health and these disorders. We explored the relationship between dopamine function and neural activity during reward anticipation in twenty-seven participants including healthy volunteers and psychiatric patients with schizophrenia, depression or cocaine addiction, using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) multimodal imaging with a voxel-based statistical approach...
August 22, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826417/the-construct-validity-of-general-and-specific-dimensions-of-personality-pathology
#19
T F Williams, M D Scalco, L J Simms
BACKGROUND: Modern personality disorder (PD) theory and research attempt to distinguish transdiagnostic impairments common to all PDs from constructs that explain varied PD expression. Bifactor modeling tests such distinctions; however, the only published PD criteria bifactor analysis focused on only 6 PDs and did not examine the model's construct validity. METHODS: We examined the structure and construct validity of competing PD criteria models using confirmatory and exploratory factor analytic methods in 628 patients who completed structured diagnostic interviews and self-reports of personality traits and impairment...
August 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825846/sleep-disturbance-in-smokers-with-preserved-pulmonary-function-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Lucas M Donovan, Peter J Rise, Shannon S Carson, Laura C Feemster, Matthew F Griffith, Vishesh K Kapur, Jerry A Krishnan, Peter K Lindenauer, Richard A Mularski, Edward T Naureckas, Brian N Palen, Elizabeth C Parsons, Laura J Spece, Michael V Vitiello, David H Au
RATIONALE: Sleep disturbance frequently affects patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and is associated with reduced quality of life and poorer outcomes. Recent data indicate that smokers with preserved pulmonary function have clinical symptoms similar to those meeting spirometric criteria for COPD, but little is known about the driving factors for sleep disturbance in this population of emerging interest. OBJECTIVES: To compare the magnitude and correlates of sleep disturbance between smokers with preserved pulmonary function and those with airflow obstruction...
August 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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