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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213271/woodchuck-sodium-taurocholate-cotransporting-polypeptide-supports-low-level-hepatitis-b-and-d-virus-entry
#1
Liran Fu, Hongjie Hu, Yang Liu, Zhiyi Jing, Wenhui Li
Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) is the functional receptor for human hepatitis B virus (HBV) and its satellite hepatitis D virus (HDV). Species barriers to HBV/HDV infection are mainly determined at entry level by variations in the sequences of particular NTCP orthologs. In this study, we sought to determine whether the NTCP ortholog in woodchuck (Marmota monax), woodchuck NTCP (wNTCP) supports viral infection. We found that wNTCP is capable of supporting HBV/HDV infection in HepG2 cells, but to much lower extent than human NTCP (hNTCP), which is about 90% reduction of hNTCP...
February 14, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212808/next-generation-repeat-free-fish-probes-for-dna-amplification-in-glioblastoma-in-vivo-improving-patient-selection-to-mdm2-targeted-inhibitors
#2
Matteo Brunelli, Albino Eccher, Luca Cima, Tobia Trippini, Serena Pedron, Marco Chilosi, Mattia Barbareschi, Aldo Scarpa, Giampietro Pinna, Giulio Cabrini, Sara Pilotto, Luisa Carbognin, Emilio Bria, Giampaolo Tortora, Adele Fioravanzo, Nicola Schiavo, Mario Meglio, Teodoro Sava, Laura Belli, Guido Martignoni, Claudio Ghimenton
A next-generation FISH probe mapping to the MDM2 locus-specific region has recently been designed. The level of MDM2 gene amplification (high versus low) may allow selection of patients for cancer treatment with MDM2 inhibitors and may predict their responsiveness. We investigated the spectrum of MDM2 gene alterations using the new probes in vivo after visualizing single neoplastic cells in situ from a series of glioblastomas. Signals from next-generation repeat-free FISH interphase probes were identified in tissue microarrays that included 3 spots for each of the 48 cases...
January 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202082/bone-morphogenetic-proteins-and-myostatin-pathways-key-mediator-of-human-sarcopenia
#3
Manuel Scimeca, Eleonora Piccirilli, Francesca Mastrangeli, Cecilia Rao, Maurizio Feola, Augusto Orlandi, Elena Gasbarra, Elena Bonanno, Umberto Tarantino
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are the most frequent musculoskeletal disorders affecting older people. The main aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the balance between BMPs and myostatin pathways regulates the age-related muscle degeneration in OP and OA patients. To this end, we investigated the relationship among the expression of BMP-2/4-7, myostatin and phosphorylated Smads1-5-8 and the muscle quality, evaluated in term of fibers atrophy and satellite cells activity...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199982/n-acetyl-cysteine-attenuates-remifentanil-induced-postoperative-hyperalgesia-via-inhibiting-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-dorsal-root-ganglia
#4
Yue Liu, Yuan Ni, Wei Zhang, Yu-E Sun, Zhengliang Ma, Xiaoping Gu
Treatment of remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia (RIH) remains a clinical challenge because the mechanisms are not fully understood. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a key component in neuroinflammation because of its facilitation of pro-inflammatory cytokine maturation. Therefore, inhibition of MMP-9 may represent a novel therapeutic approach to the treatment of RIH. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: Control, Incision and Remifentanil. A right plantar surgical incision was performed in Group Incision, and intraoperative remifentanil (0...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192150/effect-of-artemisinin-on-neuropathic-pain-mediated-by-p2x4-receptor-in-dorsal-root-ganglia
#5
Mofeng Ying, Hui Liu, Tengling Zhang, Chenxu Jiang, Yingxin Gong, Bing Wu, Lifang Zou, Zhihua Yi, Shenqiang Rao, Guilin Li, Chunping Zhang, Tianyu Jia, Shanhong Zhao, Huilong Yua, Liran Shi, Lin Li, Shangdong Liang, Shuangmei Liu
Neuropathic pain is a type of chronic pain caused by nervous system damage and dysfunction. The pathogenesis of chronic pain is complicated, and there are no effective therapies for neuropathic pain. Studies show that the P2X4 receptor expressed in the satellite glial cells (SGCs) of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) is related to neuropathic pain. Artemisinin is a monomeric component extracted from traditional Chinese medicine and has a variety of important pharmacological effects and potential applications. This study observed the effect of artemisinin on neuropathic pain and delineated its possible mechanism...
February 9, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191501/skeletal-muscle-function-deficits-in-the-elderly-current-perspectives-on-resistance-training
#6
Evan V Papa, Xiaoyang Dong, Mahdi Hassan
A variety of changes in skeletal muscle occur with aging. Sarcopenia is the age-associated loss of muscle mass and is one of the main contributors to musculoskeletal impairments in the elderly. Traditional definitions of sarcopenia focused on the size of human skeletal muscle. However, increasing evidence in older adults suggests that low muscle mass is associated with weakness, and weakness is strongly associated with function and disability. In recent years a global trend has shifted toward more encompassing definitions for the loss of muscle mass which include decreases in physical function...
January 2017: Journal of Nature and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188178/activation-of-the-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-promotes-myogenesis-through-the-noncanonical-wnt-pathway-leading-to-hypertrophic-myotubes
#7
Federica Cirillo, Giulia Resmini, Andrea Ghiroldi, Marco Piccoli, Sonia Bergante, Guido Tettamanti, Luigi Anastasia
Regeneration of skeletal muscle is a complex process that requires the activation of quiescent adult stem cells, called satellite cells, which are resident in hypoxic niches in the tissue. Hypoxia has been recognized as a key factor to maintain stem cells in an undifferentiated state. Herein we report that hypoxia plays a fundamental role also in activating myogenesis. In particular, we found that the activation of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α under hypoxia, in murine skeletal myoblasts, leads to activation of MyoD through the noncanonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway...
February 10, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183860/diminished-satellite-cell-fusion-and-s6k1-expression-in-myotubes-derived-from-skeletal-muscle-of-low-birth-weight-neonatal-pigs
#8
Ying Chen, Haibo Zhu, Sydney R McCauley, Lidan Zhao, Sally E Johnson, Robert P Rhoads, Samer W El-Kadi
Low birth weight (LBWT) is consistently associated with impaired postnatal muscle growth in mammals. Satellite cell (SC)-mediated myonuclear incorporation precedes protein accumulation in the early stages of postnatal muscle development and growth. The objective of this study was to investigate proliferation and differentiation of SCs and the regulation of protein synthesis signaling in response to insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I stimulation in SC-derived myotubes of LBWT neonatal pigs. SCs isolated from Longissimus dorsi muscle of LBWT and NBWT pigs (3-d-old, n = 8) were cultured and induced to proliferate and differentiate to myotubes in vitro...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181610/micro-kinetic-simulations-of-the-catalytic-decomposition-of-hydrazine-on-the-cu-111-surface
#9
Saeedeh S Tafreshi, Alberto Roldan, Nora H de Leeuw
Hydrazine (N2H4) is produced at industrial scale from the partial oxidation of ammonia or urea. The hydrogen content (12.5 wt%) and price of hydrazine make it a good source of hydrogen fuel, which is also easily transportable in the hydrate form, thus enabling the production of H2in situ. N2H4 is currently used as a monopropellant thruster to control and adjust the orbits and altitudes of spacecrafts and satellites; with similar procedures applicable in new carbon-free technologies for power generators, e.g...
February 9, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174253/vitamin-d-induces-myogenic-differentiation-in-skeletal-muscle-derived-stem-cells
#10
Melissa Braga, Zena Simmons, Keith C Norris, Monica G Ferrini, Jorge N Artaza
Skeletal muscle wasting is a serious disorder associated with health conditions such as aging, chronic kidney disease, and AIDS. Vitamin D is most widely recognized for its regulation of calcium and phosphate homeostasis in relation to bone development and maintenance. Recently, Vitamin D supplementation has been shown to improve muscle performance and reduce the risk of falls in Vitamin D deficient older adults. However, little is known of the underlying molecular mechanism(s) or the role it plays in myogenic differentiation...
February 7, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169407/neuron-derived-adam10-production-stimulates-peripheral-nerve-injury-induced-neuropathic-pain-by-cleavage-of-e-cadherin-in-satellite-glial-cells
#11
Jian Li, Qing Ouyang, Cheng-Wen Chen, Qian-Bo Chen, Xiang-Nan Li, Zheng-Hua Xiang, Hong-Bin Yuan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167779/integrity-of-the-human-centromere-dna-repeats-is-protected-by-cenp-a-cenp-c-and-cenp-t
#12
Simona Giunta, Hironori Funabiki
Centromeres are highly specialized chromatin domains that enable chromosome segregation and orchestrate faithful cell division. Human centromeres are composed of tandem arrays of α-satellite DNA, which spans up to several megabases. Little is known about the mechanisms that maintain integrity of the long arrays of α-satellite DNA repeats. Here, we monitored centromeric repeat stability in human cells using chromosome-orientation fluorescent in situ hybridization (CO-FISH). This assay detected aberrant centromeric CO-FISH patterns consistent with sister chromatid exchange at the frequency of 5% in primary tissue culture cells, whereas higher levels were seen in several cancer cell lines and during replicative senescence...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163911/rejuvenating-stem-cells-to-restore-muscle-regeneration-in-aging
#13
REVIEW
Eyal Bengal, Eusebio Perdiguero, Antonio L Serrano, Pura Muñoz-Cánoves
Adult muscle stem cells, originally called satellite cells, are essential for muscle repair and regeneration throughout life. Besides a gradual loss of mass and function, muscle aging is characterized by a decline in the repair capacity, which blunts muscle recovery after injury in elderly individuals. A major effort has been dedicated in recent years to deciphering the causes of satellite cell dysfunction in aging animals, with the ultimate goal of rejuvenating old satellite cells and improving muscle function in elderly people...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162598/-356-identification-of-a-heterogeneous-population-of-satellite-glial-cells-in-the-mouse-dorsal-root-ganglion
#14
B Knight, E Young, S Crocker, K Baumbauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161635/effect-of-tcea3-on-the-differentiation-of-bovine-skeletal-muscle-satellite-cells
#15
Yue Zhu, Hui-Li Tong, Shu-Feng Li, Yun-Qin Yan
Bovine muscle-derived satellite cells (MDSCs) are important for animal growth. In this study, the effect of transcription elongation factor A3 (TCEA3) on bovine MDSC differentiation was investigated. Western blotting, immunofluorescence assays, and cytoplasmic and nuclear protein isolation and purification techniques were used to determine the expression pattern and protein localization of TCEA3 in bovine MDSCs during in vitro differentiation. TCEA3 expression was upregulated using the CRISPR/Cas9 technique to study its effects on MDSC differentiation in vitro...
February 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159234/immunohistochemical-detection-of-pro-inflammatory-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokines-in-granulomas-in-cattle-with-natural-mycobacterium-bovis-infection
#16
Ana M Canal, Natalia Pezzone, Angel Cataldi, Martín Zumarraga, Mariano Larzabal, Sergio Garbaccio, Analía Fernandez, Lucas Dominguez, Alicia Aranaz, Antonio Rodriguez-Bertos
Cellular immune response was evaluated in lymph nodes and lung with different granulomatous lesions from cattle naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis. For this purpose, we assessed pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines by immunohistochemical assays. Immunoreaction was observed for all the cytokines analyzed. Fourteen animals displayed advanced stage IV granulomas, with intense immunoreactivity to IFN-γ and TGF-β in areas of caseous necrosis, macrophages and lymphocytes. Seven animals showed stage III granuloma, with high immunoreactivity to IFN-γ (average of 44...
February 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156507/the-effect-of-connexin-36-deletion-on-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-cipn
#17
Regina Hanstein, David C Spray
: 1 Background: CIPN is a debilitating side effect and dose limiting toxicity of many chemotherapeutic agents. CIPN induces pathological changes in dorsal root ganglia (DRG), leading to increased cross-talk among the glia that surround sensory neurons (Satellite Glial Cells, SGC's) and between sensory neurons and their adjacent SGCs via gap junctions. Since Connexin 36 (Cx36) is the main neuronal gap junction protein, we investigated CIPN in mice with deletion of Cx36. METHODS: To induce CIPN, mice were given two i...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155812/human-muscle-precursor-cells-overexpressing-pgc-1%C3%AE-enhance-early-skeletal-muscle-tissue-formation
#18
Deana Haralampieva, Souzan Salemi, Ivana Dinulovic, Tullio Sulser, Simon M Ametamey, Christoph Handschin, Daniel Eberli
Muscle precursor cells (MPCs) are activated satellite cells capable of muscle fiber reconstruction. Therefore, autologous MPC transplantation is envisioned for the treatment of muscle diseases. However, the density of MPCs, as well as their proliferation and differentiation potential gradually decline with age. The goal of this research was to genetically modify human MPCs (hMPCs) to overexpress the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator (PGC-1α), a key regulator of exercise-mediated adaptation, and thereby to enhance early skeletal muscle formation and quality...
February 3, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155605/met-activating-genetically-improved-chimeric-factor-1-promotes-angiogenesis-and-hypertrophy-in-adult-myogenesis
#19
Flavio Ronzoni, Gabriele Ceccarelli, Ilaria Perini, Laura Benedetti, Daniela Galli, Francesca Mulas, Martina Balli, Giovanni Magenes, Riccardo Bellazzi, Gabriella Cusella De Angelis, Maurilio Sampaolesi
BACKGROUND: Myogenic progenitor cells (activated satellite cells) are able to express both HGF and its receptor cMet. After muscle injury, HGF-Met stimulation promotes activation and primary division of satellite cells. MAGIC-F1 (Met-Activating Genetically Improved Chimeric Factor-1) is an engineered protein that contains two human Met-binding domains that promotes muscle hypertrophy. MAGIC-F1 protects myogenic precursors against apoptosis and increases their fusion ability enhancing muscle differentiation...
February 1, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155153/characterizing-satellite-cells-and-myogenic-progenitors-during-skeletal-muscle-regeneration
#20
Nicolas A Dumont, Michael A Rudnicki
Muscle stem cells, named satellite cells, are quiescent in resting skeletal muscle. Following injury, satellite cells are activated and become proliferating myoblasts that either self-renew or differentiate. Several markers are used to identify the different myogenic populations, such as Pax7 (quiescent and activated satellite cells), MyoD (proliferating myoblasts), and myogenin (differentiating myoblasts). Immunodetection of these markers is a very useful tool to analyze myogenic cells and muscle regeneration...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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