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Pimax pemax children

Erik Hulzebos, Tim Takken, Elja A Reijneveld, Mark M G Mulder, Bart C Bongers
BACKGROUND: Measurement of respiratory muscle function is important in the diagnosis of respiratory muscle disease, respiratory failure, to assess the impact of chronic diseases, and/or to evaluate respiratory muscle function after treatment. OBJECTIVES: To establish reference values for maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure, and the tension-time index at rest in healthy children and adolescents aged 8-19 years, as well as to present sex- and age-related reference centiles normalized for demographic and anthropometric determinants...
2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Goutam Singh, Andrea L Behrman, Sevda C Aslan, Shelley Trimble, Alexander V Ovechkin
Children with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at high risk for developing complications due to respiratory motor control deficits. However, underlying mechanisms of these abnormalities with respect to age, development, and injury characteristics are unclear. To evaluate the effect of SCI and age on respiratory motor control in children with SCI, we compared pulmonary function and respiratory motor control outcome measures in healthy typically developing (TD) children to age-matched children with chronic SCI. We hypothesized that the deficits in respiratory functional performance in children with SCI are due to the abnormal and age-dependent respiratory muscle activation patterns...
January 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Fernanda Cordoba Lanza, Mara Lisiane de Moraes Santos, Jessyca Pachi Rodrigues Selman, Jaksoel Cunha Silva, Natalia Marcolin, Jeniffer Santos, Cilmery M G Oliveira, Pedro Dal Lago, Simone Dal Corso
Previous studies have proposed only one prediction equation for respiratory muscle strength without taking into consideration differences between ages in pediatric population. In addition, those researches were single-center studies. The objective of this study was to establish reference equations for maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax) and maximal expiratory pressure (PEmax) in children and teenagers. In a multicenter study, 450 healthy volunteers were evaluated (aged 6-18yrs). There were included volunteers with normal lung function...
2015: PloS One
Renata Nóbrega Delgado, Tania Fernandes Campos, Raíssa de Oliveira Borja, Diana Amélia de Freitas, Gabriela Suéllen da Silva Chaves, Karla Morganna Pereira Pinto de Mendonça
PURPOSE: To compare maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (PImax and PEmax, respectively) obtained in Brazilian children who are healthy with reference and predicted values from previous studies. METHODS: Respiratory muscle strength of 144 children (63 boys), aged 7 to 11 years, was assessed. A digital manovacuometer was used to measure PImax and PEmax from residual volume and total lung capacity, respectively. Children were assessed in the sitting position while wearing a nose clip...
2015: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Eman A M Alkady, Hatem A R Helmy, Aliaë A R Mohamed-Hussein
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatologic disorder of childhood. It is a group of diseases characterized by chronic synovitis and associated with many extra-articular manifestations including cardiac and pulmonary involvement. Cardiac involvement as pericarditis, myocarditis and valvular disease is common in JIA. There are, however, few descriptions concerning systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle (LV) and the development of lung disease in children with JIA. The study was carried out to detect the cardiac and pulmonary involvement and to study the systolic and diastolic function of the left ventricle in a group of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis...
January 2012: Rheumatology International
Carlos Fernando Ronchi, Leticia Cláudia de Oliveira Antunes, Jose Roberto Fioretto
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate respiratory muscle force in children with myelomeningocele. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Myelomeningocele is a common spinal cord malformation with limitations linked to central nervous system lesions and abnormalities in respiratory movements. Despite this, little attention has been given to evaluating respiratory muscle force in these patients. METHODS: Children with myelomeningocele aged between 4 and 14 years (myelomeningocele group; MG, n = 20) were studied and compared with healthy children (control group; CG, n = 20) matched for age and gender...
February 1, 2008: Spine
B Fauroux, M Boulé, F Lofaso, F Zérah, A Clément, A Harf, D Isabey
OBJECTIVE: Chest physiotherapy (CPT) is an integral part of the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). CPT imposes additional respiratory work that may carry a risk of respiratory muscle fatigue. Inspiratory pressure support ventilation (PSV) is a new mode of ventilatory assistance designed to maintain a constant preset positive airway pressure during spontaneous inspiration with the goal of decreasing the patient's inspiratory work. The aim of our study was 1) to evaluate respiratory muscle fatigue and oxygen desaturation during CPT and 2) to determine whether noninvasive PSV can relieve these potential adverse effects of CPT...
March 1999: Pediatrics
D Stefanutti, J W Fitting
Like in adults, normal values of maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax) and maximal expiratory pressure (PEmax) span a large range in children, making interpretation of low values difficult. Recently, sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (Pnsn) was developed as a new noninvasive test of inspiratory muscle strength. In healthy adults, Pnsn is most often higher than PImax. The aim of this study was to establish reference values of Pnsn in children and to compare them with PImax. A group of 180 unselected healthy children age 6 to 17 yr was studied in a school setting...
January 1999: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
H Hákonarson, J Moskovitz, K L Daigle, S B Cassidy, M M Cloutier
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have abnormalities in pulmonary function as a result of thoracic muscle weakness. DESIGN: Testing of spirometry, flow-volume curves, lung volumes, and static respiratory pressures was performed in patients with PWS who are followed at the University of Connecticut. All tests were performed in triplicate on two or more occasions. Only reproducible tests were accepted. Established normative data were applied for all test results...
April 1995: Journal of Pediatrics
J S Wagener, M E Hibbert, L I Landau
Maximal inspiratory ( PImax ) and expiratory ( PEmax ) pressures were measured 7 separate times during 1 month in 40 children (13 males and 27 females, 101 to 208 months of age). After an initial period of learning, the Pimax for 20 repeated efforts was 11.1 +/- 2.4 kPa and the PEmax was 14.0 +/- 3.6 kPa. Mean values for the 20 efforts were 83% of PImax and 84% of PEmax . Individual coefficient of variation was 10% for PImax and 11% for PEmax . Postpubertal boys had higher pressures than did girls, primarily related to their greater muscle area...
May 1984: American Review of Respiratory Disease
R Zinman, C Gaultier
The relationship of abdominothoracic configuration (AT config) to maximal static inspiratory and expiratory mouth pressure (Pimax, Pemax) was studied in 9 children. Pmax manoeuvres were performed from the relaxed end-expiratory position (FRC relax) and after contracting the abdomen (Abd) and expanding the rib cage (RC), (FRC isovol). Anteroposterior diameters (AP) of RC and Abd during Pmax were measured with magnetometers and compared to AT config at FRC relax. During both Pimax and Pemax from FRC relax the RC AP increased and Abd AP decreased...
January 1984: Respiration Physiology
S H Wilson, N T Cooke, R H Edwards, S G Spiro
Maximal respiratory pressures at the mouth (PEmax and PImax) have been measured in 370 normal caucasian children and adults. Age, height, and weight were recorded for all subjects and incorporated in a stepwise multiple regression analysis to determine prediction equations for the maximal respiratory pressures in the children and adults for both sexes. In men PImax and PEmax were significantly correlated only with age (p less than 0.001 and less than 0.035 respectively), whereas in women they were correlated with height (p less than 0...
July 1984: Thorax
L Lands, K J Desmond, D Demizio, A Pavilanis, A L Coates
Malnutrition and hyperinflation may both lead to respiratory muscle weakness. To assess separately the effects of chronic hyperinflation and malnutrition on respiratory muscle strength (RMS), 22 subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) with both hyperinflation and malnutrition were compared to 10 asthmatic patients, a group with hyperinflation without malnutrition, 9 subjects with anorexia nervosa (AN), a group with malnutrition without lung disease, and 14(6 males and 8 females) control subjects with neither compromise...
June 1990: American Review of Respiratory Disease
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