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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865086/participation-and-the-role-of-neuropsychological-functioning-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#1
Caroline Van Heugten, Susan Meuleman, Danique Hellebrekers, Esther Kruitwagen-van Reenen, Johanna Visser-Meily
BACKGROUND: Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is primarily a neuromuscular disease but can also have neuropsychological consequences (i.e.cognitive, emotional and behavioural) which can influence daily living and societal participation. Not much is known about the level of participation of DM1 patients and their relatives and the factors influencing participation. This information can guide the development of rehabilitation programs and identify those at risk of long-term participation problems...
2018: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804147/correlation-among-olfactory-function-motors-symptoms-cognitive-impairment-apathy-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Carla Masala, Paolo Solla, A Liscia, G Defazio, L Saba, A Cannas, A Cavazzana, T Hummel, A Haehner
Although Parkinson's disease (PD) is usually considered as a movement disorder, it is strongly associated with non-motor symptoms (NMS), including smell and taste dysfunctions, cognitive impairment, apathy, fatigue, and autonomic dysregulation. Olfactory deficit is considered the most common NMS in PD preceding the motor symptoms for years. The aim of this study was to investigate olfactory function, cognitive impairment, apathy, and fatigue in patients with PD in comparison with healthy controls, and subsequently to analyse the correlations between these NMS and motor symptoms severity in subjects with PD...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734988/change-in-cognition-and-other-non-motor-symptoms-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treatment-in-parkinson-disease
#3
Marta Kaminska, Victoria P Mery, Anne-Louise Lafontaine, Ann Robinson, Andrea Benedetti, Priti Gros, R John Kimoff
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Parkinson disease (PD) non-motor symptoms are associated with sleep disorders and impair quality of life. Our objective was to assess the effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on PD non-motor symptoms. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 67 patients with idiopathic PD underwent polysomnography. Those with moderate-severe OSA were offered CPAP therapy. Subjects were divided into those without OSA (OSA-), and those with OSA (OSA+)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625875/relationship-between-the-mds-updrs-and-quality-of-life-a-large-multicenter-study-of-3206-patients
#4
Matej Skorvanek, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Norbert Kovacs, Ivan Zezula, Mayela Rodriguez-Violante, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Pille Taba, Klaus Seppi, Oleg Levin, Anette Schrag, Iciar Aviles-Olmos, Mario Alvarez-Sanchez, Tomoko Arakaki, Zsuzsanna Aschermann, Eve Benchetrit, Charline Benoit, Alberto Bergareche-Yarza, Amin Cervantes-Arriaga, Anabel Chade, Florence Cormier, Veronika Datieva, David A Gallagher, Nelida Garretto, Zuzana Gdovinova, Oscar Gershanik, Milan Grofik, Vladimir Han, Liis Kadastik-Eerme, Monica M Kurtis, Graziella Mangone, Juan Carlos Martinez-Castrillo, Amelia Mendoza-Rodriguez, Michal Minar, Henry P Moore, Mari Muldmaa, Christoph Mueller, Bernadette Pinter, Werner Poewe, Karin Rallmann, Eva Reiter, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Carlos Singer, Peter Valkovic, Christopher G Goetz, Glenn T Stebbins
BACKGROUND: The relationship between Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and MDS-UPDRS has not been fully studied so far. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between all MDS-UPDRS components and HRQoL in a representative international cohort of PD patients. METHODS: We collected demographic and disease-related data as well as MDS-UPDRS and PDQ8 scales. Data were analyzed using correlations between PDQ8 and all MDS-UPDRS items, subsequently two hierarchical multiple regressions were performed, first between the scores of the MDS-UPDRS Parts and PDQ8 and second between individual items from those Parts demonstrating significant relationship to PDQ8 scores in the first regression...
March 28, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511826/efficacy-and-safety-of-amantadine-for-the-treatment-of-l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia
#5
REVIEW
Santiago Perez-Lloret, Olivier Rascol
L-DOPA induced dyskinesias (LIDs) may affect up to 40% of Parkinson's disease (PD) and impact negatively health-related quality of life. Amantadine has demonstrated significant antidyskinetic effects in animal PD models and in randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) in patients with PD. These effects are thought to be related to the blockade of NMDA receptors modulating cortico-striatal glutamatergic-dopaminergic interactions involved in the genesis of LIDs. There are three pharmaceutical forms of amantadine currently available in the market: an oral immediate-release (IR) formulation, which is widely available; an extended-release (ER) formulation (ADS-5102) which has been recently developed and approved by the FDA; and an intravenous infusion (IV) solution, which is not commonly used in clinical practice...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447582/clinical-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-in-chinese-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-beyond-20-years
#6
Ruwei Ou, Yanbing Hou, Wei Song, Qianqian Wei, Yongping Chen, Bei Cao, Xiaoqin Yuan, Huifang Shang
Background The number of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with disease duration of more than 20 years (long disease duration PD, LPD) is on the rise. Objectives This study aims to describe the clinical profiles and the quality of life (QoL) of LPD patients from a cohort of the Chinese population. Methods We compared 71 LPD subjects to 60 PD patients who died less than 20 years after the onset of PD (control PD, CPD). A regression model was constructed to assess the determinants for 20 years survival and the QoL of LPD patients...
April 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400690/the-impact-of-visible-and-invisible-symptoms-on-employment-status-work-and-social-functioning-in-multiple-sclerosis
#7
L Lorefice, G Fenu, J Frau, G C Coghe, M G Marrosu, E Cocco
BACKGROUND: Frequently diagnosed in young adulthood, multiple sclerosis (MS) and several MS-related factors can influence patients' unemployment status and negatively affect work productivity and daily functioning. OBJECTIVE: We examined MS patients' employment status and evaluated clinical features influencing it. Furthermore, we investigated patients' burdens due to visible and invisible MS symptoms through their worsening daily functioning. METHODS: The study included outpatients affected by MS according to the 2010 McDonald criteria...
January 31, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365361/enteral-access-devices-types-function-care-and-challenges
#8
REVIEW
Linda M Lord
Enteral access feeding devices are placed in patients who have a functional and accessible gastrointestinal (GI) tract but are not able to consume or absorb enough nutrients to sustain adequate nutrition and hydration. For many individuals, enteral nutrition support is a lifesaving modality to prevent or treat a depleted nutrient state that can lead to tissue breakdown, compromised immune function, and poor wound healing. Psychological well-being is also affected with malnutrition and dehydration, triggering feelings of apathy, depression, fatigue, and loss of morale, negatively impacting a patient's ability for self-care...
February 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330419/parkinson-disease-with-constipation-clinical-features-and-relevant-factors
#9
Qiu-Jin Yu, Shu-Yang Yu, Li-Jun Zuo, Teng-Hong Lian, Yang Hu, Rui-Dan Wang, Ying-Shan Piao, Peng Guo, Li Liu, Zhao Jin, Li-Xia Li, Piu Chan, Sheng-Di Chen, Xiao-Min Wang, Wei Zhang
Constipation is one of the most frequent non-motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) and it may be ignored by PD patients, leading to this problem not to be reported in time. The relationships between constipation and demographic variables, motor symptoms and other non-motor symptoms of PD are still unknown. PD patients were evaluated by diagnostic criteria of functional constipation in Rome III and divided into PD with constipation (PD-C) and PD with no constipation (PD-NC) groups. PD patients were assessed by rating scales of motor symptoms and other non-motor symptoms, activity of daily living and quality of life...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304202/-i-feel-worn-out-as-if-i-neglected-myself-older-patients-perspectives-on-post-hospital-symptoms-after-acute-hospitalization
#10
Rosanne van Seben, Lucienne A Reichardt, Dirk R Essink, Barbara C van Munster, Jos A Bosch, Bianca M Buurman
Background: The transition between hospital and home is a vulnerable period for acutely hospitalized older patients during which they are at increased risk for adverse health outcomes. Yet, studies describing experiences of a geriatric patient population postdischarge from a patient perspective are missing. Objective: To characterize patient experiences with recovering at home after acute hospitalization. Design and Methods: Qualitative semi-structured interviews, involving 20 recently discharged patients (age ≥ 70), were conducted...
January 3, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238748/non-motor-symptoms-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-prevalence-and-severity
#11
Fabiana Giada Radicati, Pablo Martinez Martin, Chiara Fossati, Kallol Ray Chaudhuri, Margherita Torti, Carmen Rodriguez Blazquez, Laura Vacca, Fabrizio Stocchi
NMSs have been extensively studied in PD patients but not in other forms of parkinsonism such as Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP). The primary objective of this study was to analyze the frequency, severity and the type of non-motor symptoms (NMS) in PSP patients using the non-motor symptoms scale (NMSS). The secondary objective was to differentiate NMS between PSP and Parkinson's disease (PD). We enrolled in this cross-sectional study 50 consecutive PSP and 100 matched Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, in the proportion PSP/PD = 1/2, matched in age, sex, and disease duration...
2017: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238389/the-role-of-physical-activity-on-mood-state-and-functional-skills-of-elderly-women
#12
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Geraldo A Maranhão-Neto, Sergio Machado
Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193182/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#13
Haruo Fujino, Honoka Shingaki, Shugo Suwazono, Yukihiko Ueda, Chizu Wada, Takahiro Nakayama, Masanori P Takahashi, Osamu Imura, Tsuyoshi Matsumura
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to clarify whether specific cognitive abilities are impaired in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) as well as to investigate the relationships among quality of life (QoL), cognitive function, and psychological factors. METHODS: Sixty patients with DM1 were evaluated on cognitive functioning (abstract reasoning, attention/working memory, executive function, processing speed, and visuoconstructive ability), apathy, depression, excessive daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and QoL...
May 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186356/altered-caudate-connectivity-is-associated-with-executive-dysfunction-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Sara De Simoni, Peter O Jenkins, Niall J Bourke, Jessica J Fleminger, Peter J Hellyer, Amy E Jolly, Maneesh C Patel, James H Cole, Robert Leech, David J Sharp
Traumatic brain injury often produces executive dysfunction. This characteristic cognitive impairment often causes long-term problems with behaviour and personality. Frontal lobe injuries are associated with executive dysfunction, but it is unclear how these injuries relate to corticostriatal interactions that are known to play an important role in behavioural control. We hypothesized that executive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury would be associated with abnormal corticostriatal interactions, a question that has not previously been investigated...
January 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073590/temporal-associations-between-fatigue-depression-and-apathy-after-stroke-results-of-the-cognition-and-affect-after-stroke-a-prospective-evaluation-of-risks-study
#15
Elles Douven, Sebastian Köhler, Syenna H J Schievink, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Julie Staals, Frans R J Verhey, Pauline Aalten
BACKGROUND: Poststroke fatigue (PSF) is a form of pathological fatigue that can develop after stroke and has a negative impact on functional outcome. PSF is associated with poststroke depression (PSD), which in turn shows similarities with poststroke apathy (PSA). This study aimed at disentangling the temporal associations between PSF and PSD and between PSF and PSA. METHODS: A total of 250 stroke patients were included, of which 243 completed the Fatigue Severity Scale, Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, and Apathy Evaluation Scale at 3 months poststroke, with follow-up measurements at 6 and 12 months after initial testing...
2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037500/motor-behavioural-and-cognitive-correlates-of-fatigue-in-early-de-novo-parkinson-disease-patients
#16
M Siciliano, L Trojano, R De Micco, A De Mase, F Garramone, A Russo, G Tedeschi, A Tessitore
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). The objective of this study was to determine prevalence and motor, behavioural, and cognitive correlates of distressing fatigue in early, de novo PD patients. METHODS: Eighty-one consecutive de novo PD patients (64% men; mean age 65.73 ± 8.26 years) underwent a comprehensive examination, including Parkinson's disease Fatigue Scale (PFS), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Parkinson's Anxiety Scale (PAS), and Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES)...
December 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990169/methylphenidate-cognition-and-epilepsy-a-1-month-open-label-trial
#17
Jesse Adams, Valerie Alipio-Jocson, Katherine Inoyama, Victoria Bartlett, Saira Sandhu, Jemima Oso, John J Barry, David W Loring, Kimford J Meador
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive difficulties are common in epilepsy. Beyond reducing seizures and adjusting antiepileptic medications, no well-validated treatment exists in adults. Methylphenidate is used effectively in children with epilepsy and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, but its effects in adults have not been systematically evaluated. We hypothesized that methylphenidate can safely improve cognition in adults with epilepsy. We detail here the open-label follow-up to a double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose study...
December 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980577/-depression-and-depression-related-disorders-after-a-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#18
M A Kutlubaev, L R Akhmadeeva
Psychiatric disorders often develop after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); the most frequent of them are depression and depression-related disorders (anxiety, apathy, pathological fatigue, posttraumatic stress disorder, etc.). Both biological and psychological mechanisms may underlie the development of these disorders. Depression and depression-related disorders decrease patients' quality of life and prevent the full recovery after SAH. Identification and correction of these disorders should take a prominent place in the rehabilitation of post-SAH patients...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947882/the-problem-of-fatigue-in-patients-suffering-from-neoplastic-disease
#19
REVIEW
Agnieszka Kolak, Marzena Kamińska, Elwira Wysokińska, Dariusz Surdyka, Dariusz Kieszko, Magdalena Pakieła, Franciszek Burdan
Modern therapeutic management of patients with cancer is associated with many adverse side effects, including fatigue defined as weariness, burnout, lassitude, malaise, apathy, impatience, and/or inability to perform daily activities. It occurs frequently before the diagnosis of cancer and may persist for a long time after the end of cancer therapy. It is a common problem that occurs regardless of the type of cancer and applied therapeutic procedure. The appearance of this symptom significantly affects the quality of life of patients and often reduces the effectiveness of implemented treatment...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918694/brain-metabolic-correlates-of-fatigue-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pet-study
#20
Li Zhang, Tiannv Li, Yongsheng Yuan, Qing Tong, Siming Jiang, Min Wang, Jianwei Wang, Jian Ding, Qinrong Xu, Kezhong Zhang
PURPOSE: The neural bases of fatigue in Parkinson's disease (PD) remain uncertain. We aimed to assess the brain metabolic correlates of fatigue in patients with PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven PD patients without clinically relevant depression (17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) score ≥ 14), apathy (Apathy Scale (AS) score ≥ 14) and excessive daytime somnolence (Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score ≥ 10) were evaluated with Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS)...
April 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
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