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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326819/association-between-bullying-and-pediatric-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#1
Hadassa Leader, Jasmine Singh, Ayesha Ghaffar, Cheryl de Silva
Objectives: Bullying is a serious public health issue. We sought to demonstrate an association between bullying victimization and hospital admissions for acute psychiatric problems. We described the demographics and types of bullying in a sample of hospitalized patients in Staten Island, NY, and compared bullying victimization scores with psychiatric versus medical admissions. Methods: Patients in grades 3-12 were recruited from the Staten Island University Hospital Inpatient Pediatrics unit and emergency department...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290191/epidemic-of-kala-pathar-paraphenylene-diamine-poisoning-an-emerging-threat-in-southern-punjab
#2
Muhammad Ahmed Khan, Sumera Akram, Hassan Bin Usman Shah, Syed Abdul Mannan Hamdani, Muhammad Khan
OBJECTIVE: To assess cases of the spectrum of Kala Patharpoisoning in all age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Bahawalpur and Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH), Bahawalpur, from January 2016 to April 2017. METHODOLOGY: All the cases of Kala Pathar(Paraphenylene diamine (PPD)) poisoning, admitted and treated at the study places during said period were included in the study...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276863/non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-features-and-relationship-with-adolescents-daily-life-activities-and-mental-status
#3
İrem Damla Çimen, Ayşen Coşkun, Nilay Etiler
Çimen İD, Coşkun A, Etiler N. Non-suicidal self-injury behaviors` features and relationship with adolescents` daily life activities and mental status. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 113-121. This study investigated, characteristics of the non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors and behaviors` relationship with the sociodemographic characteristics, psychological problems and other features like daily life activities, between the ages of 12 and 17 years in the central district İzmit of Kocaeli; 555 students whose data included to study received a sociodemographic questionnaire (SQ) and Youth Self-Report (YSR)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#4
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199945/evaluating-mental-health-service-use-during-and-after-emergency-department-visits-in-a-multisite-cohort-of-canadian-children-and-youth
#5
Mario Cappelli, Paula Cloutier, Amanda S Newton, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Samina Ali, Kathryn A Dong, Clare Gray, Allison Kennedy, John S Lyons, Christine Polihronis, Rhonda J Rosychuk
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the mental health needs of children and youth who present to the emergency department (ED) for mental health care and to describe the type of, and satisfaction with, follow-up mental health services accessed. METHODS: A 6-month to 1.5-year prospective cohort study was conducted in three Canadian pediatric EDs and one general ED, with a 1-month follow-up post-ED discharge. Measures included 1) clinician rating of mental health needs, 2) patient and caregiver self-reports of follow-up services, and 3) interviews regarding follow-up satisfaction...
December 4, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195764/suicide-screening-in-primary-care-use-of-an-electronic-screener-to-assess-suicidality-and-improve-provider-follow-up-for-adolescents
#6
Dillon J Etter, Allison McCord, Fangqian Ouyang, Amy Lewis Gilbert, Rebekah L Williams, James A Hall, Wanzhu Tu, Stephen M Downs, Matthew C Aalsma
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using an existing computer decision support system to screen adolescent patients for suicidality and provide follow-up guidance to clinicians in a primary care setting. Predictors of patient endorsement of suicidality and provider documentation of follow-up were examined. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted to examine the implementation of a CDSS that screened adolescent patients for suicidality and provided follow-up recommendations to providers...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185786/desvenlafaxine-versus-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Sarah Atkinson, Shannon Lubaczewski, Sara Ramaker, Richard D England, Dalia B Wajsbrot, Richat Abbas, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine versus placebo in the treatment of children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Outpatient children (7-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD and had screening and baseline Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total scores >40 were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of treatment with placebo, low exposure desvenlafaxine (20, 30, or 35 mg/day based on baseline weight), or higher exposure desvenlafaxine (25, 35, or 50 mg/day based on baseline weight)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183636/clinical-guidance-to-tattooing-and-piercing-among-youth
#8
REVIEW
Deborah L McBride
Tattoos, piercing, and scarification are increasingly common among young people. This paper reviews the first clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics which provides information for clinicians about these types of body modifications. The new report notes that complications are not common and that body modifications differ from non-suicidal self-injury. Additional references and information are provided to help clinicians can talk about these topics with patients and their families.
November 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#9
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154930/suicide-attempts-in-children-and-adolescents-the-place-of-clock-genes-and-early-rhythm-dysfunction
#10
Bertrand Olliac, Lisa Ouss, Annaëlle Charrier
Suicide remains one of the leading causes of death among young people, and suicidal ideation and behavior are relatively common in healthy and clinical populations. Suicide risk in childhood and adolescence is often approached from the perspective of nosographic categories to which predictive variables for suicidal acts are often linked. The cascading effects resulting from altered clock genes in a pediatric population could participate in biological rhythm abnormalities and the emergence of suicide attempts through impaired regulation of circadian rhythms and emotional states with neurodevelopmental effects...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147822/psychiatric-sequelae-of-concussions
#11
REVIEW
David A Brent, Jeffrey Max
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the frequency, risk factors, phenomenology, and course of prolonged recovery from concussion and of psychiatric sequelae in pediatric populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Youth with prolonged recovery from concussions have higher initial symptoms, a history of multiple and/or recent concussions, and a tendency to somatization. Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, behavioral disorders, and perhaps, suicidal behavior disorder are more common as both short- and longer-term sequelae of concussions...
November 17, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126365/suicidal-ideation-suicide-attempts-and-psychological-distress-among-intoxicated-adolescents-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Studies have emphasized screening for psychiatric disorders, especially suicide risk in emergency departments. Psychiatric disorders and experimentation with alcohol increase in adolescence and intoxications among patients challenge the staff in emergency departments. AIMS: This study examined the degree of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior in adolescents, and the extent to which they differed from non-suicidal patients in terms of alcohol use, psychological distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071722/research-review-gender-identity-in-youth-treatment-paradigms-and-controversies
#13
REVIEW
Jack L Turban, Diane Ehrensaft
BACKGROUND: Pediatric gender identity has gained increased attention over the past several years in the popular media, political arena, and medical literature. This article reviews terminology in this evolving field, traditional models of gender identity development and their limitations, epidemiology and natural history of cross-gender identification among children and adolescents, co-occurring conditions and behaviors, research into the biological and psychosocial determinants of cross-gender identification, and research into the options regarding and benefits of clinical approaches to gender incongruent youth...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069111/suicidality-in-psychiatrically-hospitalized-children-and-adolescents-demographics-treatment-and-outcome
#14
Eric T Dobson, Brooks R Keeshin, Anna M Wehry, Shannon N Saldaña, Lekha R Mukkamala, Michael T Sorter, Melissa P DelBello, Thomas J Blom, Jeffrey R Strawn
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of suicidality in psychiatrically hospitalized youth, its risk factors and impact on inpatient psychopharmacologic treatment are unknown. We identified characteristics associated with suicidality in psychiatrically hospitalized youth and determined the association of suicidality with subsequent psychopharmacologic interventions. METHODS: Medical records from consecutive psychiatric admissions to a large, acute care, urban, pediatric hospital were analyzed retrospectively (N = 1,309)...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044718/child-and-family-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-applications-for-suicide-prevention
#15
Sally M Weinstein, Rick A Cruz, Ashley R Isaia, Amy T Peters, Amy E West
Despite high rates of suicide ideation (SI) and behavior in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), little work has examined how psychosocial interventions impact suicidality among this high-risk group. The current study examined SI outcomes in a randomized clinical trial comparing Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) for PBD versus psychotherapy treatment-as-usual (TAU). Although not designed for suicide prevention, CFF-CBT addresses child and family factors related to suicide risk and thus was hypothesized to generalize to the treatment of suicidality...
October 16, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035574/a-6-month-open-label-extension-study-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients-with-depressive-or-anxiety-disorders
#16
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa P DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora K McNamara, Elias H Sarkis, Russell E Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole M Lemming, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVES: In this 6-month open-label extension (OLE) of NCT01491035 (a 14-day, open-label, pharmacokinetic/safety lead-in study), the long-term safety and tolerability of vortioxetine (5-20 mg/day) were investigated in children and adolescents with a DSM-IV-TR™ diagnosis of depressive or anxiety disorder in the United States or Germany. The study also was designed to provide data to inform dose selection and titration in future pediatric studies with vortioxetine. METHODS: Safety evaluations included spontaneously reported adverse events (AEs), the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), and the Pediatric Adverse Events Rating Scale (PAERS; clinician administered)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985975/mental-health-screening-of-medically-admitted-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#17
Georgina Garcia, Carolyn Snell, Gregory Sawicki, Laura E Simons
BACKGROUND: Multi-national studies have identified an increased risk for depression and anxiety among the cystic fibrosis population. People with cystic fibrosis and depression have decreased lung function, adherence, and quality of life, and increased health care utilization. This is a pilot study of mental health screening and referral of patients with cystic fibrosis in a large tertiary medical center. OBJECTIVE: Patients with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis aged 8 and older, medically admitted to a tertiary hospital, were screened for eligibility and offered mental health screening for depression and anxiety...
August 30, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984477/pediatric-pharmacoepidemiology-safety-and-effectiveness-of-medicines-for-adhd
#18
REVIEW
Antonio Clavenna, Maurizio Bonati
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder in children and adolescents that comprises core symptoms of developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. Stimulant (methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non stimulant (atomoxetine, clonidine and guanfacine) are the treatment usually prescribed for ADHD. Area covered: This review covers the safety of ADHD medications in children and adolescents. MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched with the aim to retrieve prospective studies that monitored the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in children receiving drug therapy for ADHD...
December 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944226/a-prospective-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-pediatric-burn-mortality-at-a-tertiary-burn-center-in-north-india
#19
Amol Dhopte, Rahul Bamal, Vinay Kumar Tiwari
BACKGROUND: None of the available mortality predicting models in pediatric burns precisely predicts outcomes in every population. Mortality rates as well as their risk factors vary with regions and among different centers within the regions. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic and clinical risk factors for mortality in pediatric burns in an effort to decrease the mortality in these patients. METHODS: A prospective analytical study was conducted in patients up to the age of 18 years admitted for burn injuries in a tertiary care burn center in India from January to December 2014...
2017: Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888336/pediatric-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-in-the-united-states
#20
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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