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Green tea extract

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049972/noble-metals-decorated-hierarchical-maghemite-magnetic-tubes-as-an-efficient-recyclable-catalyst
#1
Rahul Purbia, Santanu Paria
The noble metal nanocatalysts on high surface area magnetic material supports have huge technological importance in the field of catalysis. The green synthesis of magnetic-noble metal hybrid material has another technological importance. In this study, we report a novel, efficient, and sustainable synthesis methodology for Au nanoparticles (NPs) deposited hierarchical magnetic maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) tubes. In this methodology, the green tea extract was used as a reducing agent for both iron oxide and Au NPs synthesis...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043851/antioxidants-in-the-treatment-of-cancer
#2
Kanthi Athreya, Marin F Xavier
Several clinical trials have produced conflicting results regarding the benefit of antioxidants in cancer therapy thus questioning the incorporation of these substances in standard treatment regimens. Vitamins E and C, selenium, carotenoids, lycopene, soy products, and green tea extract are a few substances with antioxidant properties that have been studied in detail. This article reviews the results generated over the last 20 years through in vitro and in vivo studies in various types of cancers and stages of cancer treatment...
October 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043349/comparative-suppressing-effects-of-black-and-green-teas-on-the-formation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-and-age-induced-oxidative-stress
#3
P Ramlagan, P Rondeau, C Planesse, V S Neergheen-Bhujun, E Bourdon, T Bahorun
This study aimed at investigating and comparing the anti-diabetic potential of black and green teas. Biochemical analyses indicate higher antioxidant potency, significantly correlated with the phytochemicals present, in green teas compared to black teas. Both extracts afforded a similar level of protection to erythrocytes against peroxyl radical-induced lysis. Non-cytotoxic concentration of green and black tea extracts significantly reduced the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production (P < 0.01), lowered the oxidation of proteins (P < 0...
October 18, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039745/profiling-the-fatty-acids-content-of-ornamental-camellia-seeds-cultivated-in-galicia-by-an-optimized-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-extraction
#4
Carmen Garcia-Jares, Marta Sanchez-Nande, Juan Pablo Lamas, Marta Lores
Camellia (genus of flowering plants of fam. Theaceae) is one of the main crops in Asia, where tea and oil from leaves and seeds have been utilized for thousands of years. This plant is excellently adapted to the climate and soil of Galicia (northwestern Spain) and northern Portugal where it is grown not only as an ornamental plant, but to be evaluated as a source of bioactive compounds. In this work, the main fatty acids were extracted from Camellia seeds of four varieties of Camellia: sasanqua, reticulata, japonica and sinensis, by means of matrix-solid phase dispersion (MSPD), and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) with MS detection of the corresponding methyl esters...
October 17, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037673/effect-of-epigallocatechin-gallate-egcg-extracted-from-green-tea-in-reducing-the-formation-of-acrylamide-during-the-bread-baking-process
#5
Zhengjie Fu, Michelle J Y Yoo, Weibiao Zhou, Lei Zhang, Yutao Chen, Jun Lu
This is the first study to investigate the extent of reduction in acrylamide formation during baking with the addition of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) extracted from green tea, and to determine whether EGCG influences the texture and colour attributes of bread, or interacts with other ingredients. EGCG powders were added to white bread formulations at the concentrations of 3.3, 6.6 and 9.9g·kg(-1). The amount of acrylamide in the bread was analysed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. EGCG addition significantly reduced the acrylamide formation by 37% compared to the control and decreased the moisture content of the bread by 6%...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974447/synergistic-toxicity-of-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-and-diethyldithiocarbamate-a-lethal-encounter-involving-redox-active-copper
#6
Ke Zhang, Ruixia Dong, Kang Sun, Xiaoxiao Wang, Jiajia Wang, Chung S Yang, Jinsong Zhang
Dithiocarbamates (DTC) are widely used in agricultural, industrial and therapeutic domains. There are ample opportunities for human exposure to DTC. Green tea extracts, with epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) being the most abundant constituent, have been used as dietary supplements for body weight reduction. Our hypothesis is that DTC can act as a copper ionophore to increase hepatic levels of redox-active copper which promotes EGCG auto-oxidation to produce oxidative stress and toxicity. The results of the present study in a mouse model is consistent with this hypothesis, showing that co-administration of EGCG and diethyldithiocarbamate - a metabolite of disulfiram (a drug for alcohol aversion therapy), both at tolerable levels, caused lethality...
September 30, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972565/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-water-based-extraction-of-substances-from-dry-tea-leaves-with-the-use-of-magnetic-field-assisted-extraction-techniques
#7
Grzegorz Zaguła, Marcin Bajcar, Bogdan Saletnik, Maria Czernicka, Czesław Puchalski, Ireneusz Kapusta, Jan Oszmiański
This article presents the findings of a study investigating the feasibility of using a magnetic field assisted technique for the water-based extraction of mineral components, polyphenols, and caffeine from dry black and green tea leaves. The authors present a concept of applying constant and variable magnetic fields in the process of producing water-based infusions from selected types of tea. Analyses investigating the effectiveness of the proposed technique in comparison with conventional infusion methods assessed the contents of selected mineral components-i...
October 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965294/modeling-of-yield-and-environmental-impact-categories-in-tea-processing-units-based-on-artificial-neural-networks
#8
Majid Khanali, Hossein Mobli, Homa Hosseinzadeh-Bandbafha
In this study, an artificial neural network (ANN) model was developed for predicting the yield and life cycle environmental impacts based on energy inputs required in processing of black tea, green tea, and oolong tea in Guilan province of Iran. A life cycle assessment (LCA) approach was used to investigate the environmental impact categories of processed tea based on the cradle to gate approach, i.e., from production of input materials using raw materials to the gate of tea processing units, i.e., packaged tea...
September 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965248/decaffeinated-green-and-black-tea-polyphenols-decrease-weight-gain-and-alter-microbiome-populations-and-function-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#9
Susanne M Henning, Jieping Yang, Mark Hsu, Ru-Po Lee, Emma M Grojean, Austin Ly, Chi-Hong Tseng, David Heber, Zhaoping Li
PURPOSE: Decaffeinated green tea (GT) and black tea (BT) polyphenols inhibit weight gain in mice fed an obesogenic diet. Since the intestinal microflora is an important contributor to obesity, it was the objective of this study to determine whether the intestinal microflora plays a role in the anti-obesogenic effect of GT and BT. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (HF/HS, 32% energy from fat; 25% energy from sucrose) or the same diet supplemented with 0...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962112/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-attenuates-neointimal-hyperplasia-in-a-rat-model-of-carotid-artery-injury-by-inhibition-of-high-mobility-group-box-1-expression
#10
Bin Yang, Peng Gao, Xuejun Wu, Jixiang Yu, Yu Li, Ranran Meng, Yubin Li, Jingqiang Yan, Xing Jin
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a kind of polyphenol compound, called catechin, and is extracted from green tea. EGCG has a wide range of biological activities. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of EGCG on neointimal hyperplasia in a rat model of carotid artery balloon injury and to explore the molecular mechanisms involved. Various experiments were performed to assess the effects of EGCG on thickening of neointima, expression levels of high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE), the inflammatory response, oxidative stress and activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953237/a-phytochemical-sensing-strategy-based-on-mass-spectrometry-imaging-and-metabolic-profiling-for-understanding-the-functionality-of-the-medicinal-herb-green-tea
#11
REVIEW
Yoshinori Fujimura, Daisuke Miura, Hirofumi Tachibana
Low-molecular-weight phytochemicals have health benefits and reduce the risk of diseases, but the mechanisms underlying their activities have remained elusive because of the lack of a methodology that can easily visualize the exact behavior of such small molecules. Recently, we developed an in situ label-free imaging technique, called mass spectrometry imaging, for visualizing spatially-resolved biotransformations based on simultaneous mapping of the major bioactive green tea polyphenol and its phase II metabolites...
September 27, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951774/the-effect-of-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-on-the-renal-dysfunction-in-the-obstructed-kidney-in-the-rat
#12
Fayez T Hammad, Loay Lubbad
INTRODUCTION: Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most active catechin polyphenol extracted from the green tea. EGCG has protective effects in various renal and non-renal conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of EGCG on the alterations in renal functional parameters following reversible unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in the rat. METHODS: Wistar rats underwent reversible left UUO for 72 hours. Group-EGCG (n=10) received intraperitoneal 50 mg/kg/day of EGCG whereas Group-Vx (n=10) had only normal saline...
2017: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946259/influence-of-ph-buffers-and-role-of-quinolinic-acid-a-novel-iron-chelating-agent-in-the-determination-of-hydroxyl-radical-scavenging-activity-of-plant-extracts-by-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-epr
#13
Angela Fadda, Antonio Barberis, Daniele Sanna
The Fenton reaction is used to produce hydroxyl radicals for the evaluation of the antioxidant activity of plant extracts. In this paper the parameters affecting the production of hydroxyl radicals and their spin trapping with DMPO were studied. The use of quinolinic acid (Quin) as an Fe(II) ligand was proposed for antioxidant activity determination of Green tea, orange juice and asparagus extracts. Quin, buffers and pH affect the DMPO-OH signal intensity of the EPR spectra. Quin/Fe(II) and low pH enhance the OH generation...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942499/human-cancer-stem-cells-are-a-target-for-cancer-prevention-using-epigallocatechin-gallate
#14
REVIEW
Hirota Fujiki, Eisaburo Sueoka, Anchalee Rawangkan, Masami Suganuma
PURPOSE: Our previous experiments show that the main constituent of green-tea catechins, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), completely prevents tumor promotion on mouse skin initiated with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene followed by okadaic acid and that EGCG and green tea extract prevent cancer development in a wide range of target organs in rodents. Therefore, we focused our attention on human cancer stem cells (CSCs) as targets of cancer prevention and treatment with EGCG. METHODS: The numerous reports concerning anticancer activity of EGCG against human CSCs enriched from cancer cell lines were gathered from a search of PubMed, and we hope our review of the literatures will provide a broad selection for the effects of EGCG on various human CSCs...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939233/automatic-single-step-quick-easy-cheap-effective-rugged-and-safe-sample-preparation-devices-for-analysis-of-pesticide-residues-in-foods
#15
Jishi Wang, Zeying He, Lu Wang, Yaping Xu, Yi Peng, Xiaowei Liu
In this research, the manual two-step QuEChERS approach has been streamlined and automated into a one-step method using a cleanup tube fitted within an extraction tube. A novel automatic QuEChERS combination have been developed to simplify the QuEChERS procedures and improve sample preparation efficiency. This combination integrates QuEChERS procedures into a single run via the use of a vortex vibration-centrifuge device and a centrifuge filtration tube. To validate the efficiency of our automatic QuEChERS device, 270 pesticides were analyzed in plant origined foods including celery, tomatoes, leeks, eggplants, grapes, corn, green tea, and soybean oil using this automatic platform...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938867/comparative-effects-of-green-and-black-tea-extracts-on-lowering-serum-uric-acid-in-hyperuricemic-mice
#16
Chuang Zhu, Ling-Ling Tai, Xiao-Chun Wan, Da-Xiang Li, Yong-Qing Zhao, Yan Xu
CONTEXT: Tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze [Theaceae]) is used to induce urination and inducing nervous excitation. Green and black teas have multifarious physiological functions. The different effects of green and black tea aqueous extracts (GTEs and BTEs) on hyperuricemia are not definitely reported. OBJECTIVE: The different effects of GTEs and BTEs on lowering serum uric acid (UA) in hyperuricemic mice were determined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kunming mice were divided into nine groups (n = 6/each group)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938517/green-tea-camellia-sinensis-and-l-theanine-medicinal-values-and-beneficial-applications-in-humans-a-comprehensive-review
#17
REVIEW
Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Arif, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Robina Manzoor, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ruchi Tiwari, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Maryam Dadar, Chao Sun
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a famous herb, and its extract has been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicinal system. In this context, several studies have revealed its health benefits and medicinal potentialities for several ailments. With ever increasing scientific knowledge, search for safer, potential and novel type of health-related supplements quest, scientists are re-directing their research interests to explore natural resources i.e. medicinal herbs/plant derived compounds. Green tea consumption has gained a special attention and popularity in the modern era of changing lifestyle...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928532/effect-of-interaction-of-epigallocatechin-gallate-and-flavonols-on-color-alteration-of-simulative-green-tea-infusion-after-thermal-treatment
#18
Qianying Dai, Yuanyuan He, Chit-Tang Ho, Jing Wang, Shujuan Wang, Yue Yang, Liping Gao, Tao Xia
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and flavonols are important phenolic compounds in green tea. These compounds are sensitive to thermal condition and their structural alteration results in making browning the green tea infusion. This study aimed to research the interaction between EGCG and flavonols during thermal infusion. EGCG and flavonols model solutions were prepared based on concentration in green tea infusion, and their colors appearance and attributes were analyzed in 10 h by thermal treatment. Results showed that kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin accelerated the oxidation of EGCG and made the model solution browning...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927597/active-and-smart-biodegradable-packaging-based-on-starch-and-natural-extracts
#19
Carolina Medina-Jaramillo, Oswaldo Ochoa-Yepes, Celina Bernal, Lucía Famá
Active and smart biodegradable films from cassava starch and glycerol with 5wt.% of different natural extracts such as green tea and basil were obtained by casting. Their functional capacity as antioxidants and their physicochemical properties achieved from the incorporation of these types of extracts were evaluated. The content of phenolic compounds in the extracts led to films with significant antioxidant activity, being greater in the case of the system containing green tea extract. Color changes in both materials after immersion in different media (acid and basic) due to the presence of chlorophyll and carotenoids in the extracts were observed, but the film with basil extract reacted most notably to the different pH...
November 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926512/orthosiphon-stamineus-misai-kucing-ameliorated-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-in-rat-model
#20
Rubiatul Adawiyah Bokhari, Seng Fong Lau, Suhaila Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: Orthosiphon stamineus (OS) or Misai Kucing (Java tea) is a popular herbal supplement from Southeast Asia for various metabolic, age-related diseases. This study investigated the potential use of OS leaf extracts to ameliorate osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Fifty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated into eight groups (n = 7): SHAM (healthy sham control); OVX (ovarietomized) nontreated rats (negative control); OVX + Remifemin (100 mg/kg body weight), and 2% green tea extract (positive controls); OVX + OS 50% ethanolic and aqueous extracts, both at either 150 or 300 mg/kg...
September 18, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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