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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926450/changing-health-behavior-motivation-from-i-must-to-i-want
#1
S Knecht, P Kenning
In the past, medicine was dominated by acute diseases. Since treatments were unknown to patients they followed their medical doctors´ directives-at least for the duration of the disease. Behavior was thus largely motivated by avoiding expected costs associated with alternative behaviors (I-must). The health challenges prevailing today are chronic conditions resulting from the way we chose to live. Traditional directive communication has not been successful in eliciting and maintaining appropriate lifestyle changes...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912946/addressing-holistic-healthcare-needs-of-oncology-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-course-within-an-elective-module-designed-for-healthcare-professionals
#2
Nadja Klafke, Angelika Homberg, Katharina Glassen, Cornelia Mahler
BACKGROUND: Patients, and especially oncology patients, increasingly demand information and application of complementary therapies to supplement their conventional medical treatment and follow-up care. Due to the widespread interest in holistic treatment opportunities in oncology populations, healthcare professionals need to be prepared in differentiating evidence-based methods of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) spectrum and how to consult with patients about it. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on the implementation and evaluation of a newly designed module "Complementary and Alternative Medicine in oncological healthcare" in the bachelor degree program Interprofessional Health Care (B...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905860/a-scoping-review-on-models-of-integrative-medicine-what-is-known-from-the-existing-literature
#3
Eun Jin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeong Sang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Integrative medicine (IM) has been recognized and introduced into Western healthcare systems over the past two decades. Limited information on IM models is available to guide development of an optimal healthcare service. A scoping review was carried out to evaluate IM models in the extant literature, including the distinctive features of each model, to gain an understanding of the core requirements needed to develop models of IM that best meet the needs of patients. DESIGN: Directed content analysis was used to classify the IM models into systems based on coding schema developed from theoretical models and to identify the key concepts of each system...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905145/the-public-multi-coil-information-pumcin-policy
#4
Christoph Juchem, Robin A de Graaf
PURPOSE: Multi-coil (MC) magnetic field modeling has emerged as a viable alternative to conventional field generation based on spherical harmonic shapes, and an active MC community is forming. Although all MC applications share the same modeling concept, the specific MC designs can largely differ as a result of disparities in region of interest (eg, human versus rodent), intended MR application (eg, B0 shimming versus spatial encoding), or other experimental constraints (eg, available bore space or integration with radiofrequency technology)...
December 1, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879323/issues-and-challenges-in-diagnostic-sequencing-for-inherited-cardiac-conditions
#5
REVIEW
Roddy Walsh, Stuart A Cook
BACKGROUND: Inherited cardiac conditions are a relatively common group of Mendelian diseases associated with ill health and death, often in the young. Research into the genetic causes of these conditions has enabled confirmatory and predictive diagnostic sequencing to become an integral part of the clinical management of inherited cardiomyopathies, arrhythmias, aortopathies, and dyslipidemias. CONTENT: Currently, the principle benefit of clinical genetic testing is the cascade screening of family members of patients with a pathogenic variant, enabling targeted follow up of presymptomatic genotype-positive individuals and discharge of genotype-negative individuals to health...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863984/pharmacy-preparations-back-in-the-limelight-pharmacists-make-up-your-mind
#6
Daan J A Crommelin, Yvonne Bouwman-Boer
In this contribution to the theme issue recognizing prof. Florence's achievements as editor -in-chief of the Int. J. Pharmaceutics, we analyze the future of pharmacy preparations (also known as extemporaneous preparations or compounded products). Pharmacy preparations, long considered as an endangered part of the pharmacy profession on its way to extinction, may be at the brink of a revival. Drivers of this revival are a set of changes related to new clinical concepts and supply shortages. Moreover, new production and IT paradigms are being developed that facilitate the preparation processes and provide the necessary quality management systems...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863653/pharmacy-preparations-back-in-the-limelight-pharmacists-make-up-your-mind
#7
Daan J A Crommelin, Yvonne Bouwman-Boer
In this contribution to the theme issue recognizing prof. Florence's achievements as editor -in-chief of the Int. J. Pharmaceutics, we analyze the future of pharmacy preparations (also known as extemporaneous preparations or compounded products). Pharmacy preparations, long considered as an endangered part of the pharmacy profession on its way to extinction, may be at the brink of a revival. Drivers of this revival are a set of changes related to new clinical concepts and supply shortages. Moreover, new production and IT paradigms are being developed that facilitate the preparation processes and provide the necessary quality management systems...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853630/current-stem-cell-based-therapies-in-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Meredith A Lilly, Meghan F Davis, Josh E Fabie, Elizabeth B Terhune, G Ian Gallicano
Diabetes is a disease with wide-ranging personal and societal impacts that has been managed medicinally for over half a century. Since the discovery of stem cells, pancreatic islet regeneration has become a central target for clinical application that has the potential to decrease or eliminate the need for insulin administration and adjunctive medications. The discovery of alternative routes to pluripotency that bypass the ethical implications of embryonic stem cells has significantly expanded the horizons of stem cell based therapy...
2016: American Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821154/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-attitudes-knowledge-and-use-among-surgeons-and-anaesthesiologists-in-hungary
#9
Sándor Árpád Soós, Norbert Jeszenői, Katalin Darvas, László Harsányi
BACKGROUND: Despite their worldwide popularity the question of using non-conventional treatments is a source of controversy among medical professionals. Although these methods may have potential benefits it presents a problem when patients use non-conventional treatments in the perioperative period without informing their attending physician about it and this may cause adverse events and complications. To prevent this, physicians need to have a profound knowledge about non-conventional treatments...
November 8, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806706/rice-callus-suspension-culture-inhibits-growth-of-cell-lines-of-multiple-cancer-types-and-induces-apoptosis-in-lung-cancer-cell-line
#10
Nafeesa Rahman, Surendar Reddy Dhadi, Aparna Deshpande, Wusirika Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: Cancer is one of the leading cause of mortality. Even though efficient drugs are being produced to treat cancer, conventional medicines are costly and have adverse effects. As a result, alternative treatments are being tried due to their low cost and little or no adverse effects. Our previous study identified one such alternative in rice callus suspension culture (RCSC) which was more efficient than Taxol® and Etoposide, in reducing the viability of human colon and renal cancer cells in culture with minimal or no effect on a normal cell line...
November 2, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806179/evidence-based-absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion-adme-and-its-interplay-with-alternative-toxicity-methods
#11
Katya Tsaioun, Bas J Blaauboer, Thomas Hartung
ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination) has rapidly evolved over the past two decades, creating a unique interdisciplinary interface between medicinal chemists, biologists, formulators, toxicologists, clinicians, and regulators across industries, but has advanced most rapidly in the pharmaceutical industry. The implementation of ADME profiling of drug candidates, in conjunction with biological efficacy and safety optimization, has dramatically reduced pharmacokinetic drug failures in clinical trials and has become a lingua franca between disciplines that are involved in drug development...
2016: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793133/the-quantity-and-quality-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-herbal-medicines-acupuncture-and-spinal-manipulation-systematic-review-and-assessment-using-agree-ii
#12
Jeremy Y Ng, Laurel Liang, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is often not disclosed by patients, and can be unfamiliar to health care professionals. This may lead to underuse of beneficial CAM therapies, and overuse of other CAM therapies with little proven benefit or known contraindications. No prior research has thoroughly evaluated the credibility of knowledge-based resources. The purpose of this research was to assess the quantity and quality of CAM guidelines. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify CAM guidelines...
October 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782378/integration-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-into-cancer-specific-supportive-care-programs-in-australia-a-scoping-study
#13
REVIEW
Eunjin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeongsang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
AIM: The main aim of this research was to describe the availability and integration of supportive care programs (SCPs), particularly complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) services, for adults in Australian oncology treatment centers. METHODS: We systematically searched 124 Australian hospitals listed as having an oncology department out of a total of 1157 hospitals listed in the Australian Hospitals and Aged Care Databases (2014), and assessed their website and relevant leaflets...
October 26, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748194/salvia-miltiorrhiza-a-potential-red-light-to-the-development-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#14
Lili Wang, Rufeng Ma, Chenyue Liu, Haixia Liu, Ruyuan Zhu, Shuzhen Guo, Minke Tang, Yu Li, Jianzhao Niu, Min Fu, Sihua Gao, Dongwei Zhang
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, also known as Danshen in Chinese, has been widely used to treat cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in China and other Asia countries. Here, we summarize the literatures of the historical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interpretation of the action of Salvia miltiorrhiza, its use in current clinical trials, its main phytochemical constituents and its pharmacological findings by consulting Pubmed, China Knowledge Resource Integrated, China Science and Technology Journal, and the Web of Science Databases...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732056/probiotics-and-allergic-rhinitis-a-simon-two-stage-design-to-determine-effectiveness
#15
Annabelle M Watts, Nicholas P West, Peter K Smith, Allan W Cripps, Amanda J Cox
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic upper respiratory disease affecting 10-30% of the population worldwide. It associated with significant economic and medical burden. Probiotics have received attention in recent years as a novel strategy to treat infectious/immune conditions, including AR. However, substantiation of these health claims by regulatory bodies has been rejected due, in part, to inadequate clinical trial design. While randomized controlled trials are considered the gold standard for assessing clinical efficacy, such trials require a priori preclinical data on effect size, which may be a reason for the conflicting results in the probiotic and AR literature...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729559/integrative-medicine-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#16
Chloe Matovina, Andrew C Birkeland, Suzanna Zick, Andrew G Shuman
OBJECTIVE: Complementary and alternative medicine, or integrative medicine, has become increasingly popular among patients with head and neck cancer. Despite its increasing prevalence, many patients feel uncomfortable discussing such therapies with their physicians, and many physicians are unaware and underequipped to evaluate or discuss their use with patients. The aim of this article is to use recent data to outline the decision making inherent to integrative medicine utilization among patients with head and neck cancer, to discuss the ethical implications inherent to balancing integrative and conventional approaches to treatment, and to highlight available resources to enhance head and neck cancer providers' understanding of integrative medicine...
October 11, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707901/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-modern-obstetrics-a-survey-of-the-central-association-of-obstetricians-gynecologists-members
#17
Shilpa Babbar, Karen B Williams, Dev Maulik
The use of complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy is currently on the rise. A validated survey was conducted at the Central Association of Obstetrician and Gynecologists annual meeting to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of general obstetricians and gynecologists and maternal-fetal medicine specialists in America. We obtained 128 responses: 73 electronically (57%) and 55 via the paper survey (43%). Forty-five percent reported personally using complementary and alternative medicine and 9% of women respondents used complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692327/papaya-latex-supernatant-has-a-potent-effect-on-the-free-living-stages-of-equid-cyathostomins-in-vitro
#18
L E Peachey, G L Pinchbeck, J B Matthews, F A Burden, J M Behnke, J E Hodgkinson
The control of equid gastrointestinal nematodes in developed countries, in particular the cyathostomins, is threatened by high levels of anthelmintic resistance. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the evaluation of traditional 'ethnoveterinary' medicines as alternatives to chemical anthelmintics. The cysteine proteinases (CPs), a group of enzymes derived from fruits such as papaya (Carica papaya), pineapple (Ananas comosus) and figs (Ficus spp.), have shown good efficacy against adult stages of a range of parasitic nematodes, in vitro and in vivo...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688787/bioenergy-and-breast-cancer-a-report-on-tumor-growth-and-metastasis
#19
Alice Running, Mark Greenwood, Laura Hildreth, Jade Schmidt
As many as 80% of the 296,000 women and 2,240 men diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States will seek out complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments. One such therapy is Healing Touch (HT), recognized by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) as a treatment modality. Using a multiple experimental groups design, fifty-six six- to eight-week-old Balb/c mice were injected with 4T1 breast cancer tumor cells and randomly divided into intervention and positive control groups...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681643/review-of-local-herbal-compounds-found-in-the-iranian-traditional-medicine-known-to-optimise-male-fertility
#20
REVIEW
F Nejatbakhsh, L Shirbeigi, R Rahimi, H Abolhassani
The male reproductive function can be influenced by many different factors, including genetic, environmental and socioeconomic parameters leading to a progressive decline. However, the cause of infertility cannot be found in a significant proportion of couples, and even with the presence of the sign of testicular dysfunction or obstructive azoospermia, the main aetiology is not identified. In the absence of knowledge about predisposing factor, targeted therapeutic modalities for male infertility may not be possible, and a wide variety of empiric drug approaches, even with low scientific evidence, have been utilised in current conventional medicine...
October 2016: Andrologia
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