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Epidemiology muscle injuries

Antonio Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Luiz Miguel Santiago, Luis Taborda Barata
OBJECTIVES: In 2016 the Rugby Union variant of sevens will enter the official Olympic Programme. Until now, most of injury surveillance studies in Rugby Union focus on elite 15-a-side cohorts, with reported injury incidence rates reaching 96 per 1000 player-match-hours, and mean severity set at 20 days. Sparse data is available regarding rugby sevens. The aim of this study was to systematically review available data regarding the epidemiology of injuries in senior male rugby sevens. METHODS: Electronic databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS, Scielo and IndexRMP) were searched in September 2015, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies and relevant 'grey literature'...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Joseph J Knapik, Francis G O'Connor
Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) is a medical condition whereby damage to skeletal muscle is induced by excessive physical activity in otherwise healthy individuals. The individual performs so much activity that he/ she presumably depletes local muscle energy stores and muscle cells are unable to maintain cellular integrity, resulting in cell damage and the release of cellular contents, with resultant secondary complications. In the military services, the incidence of ER appeared to increase in the period 2004 to 2015...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Lavinia Falese, Pietro Della Valle, Bruno Federico
Epidemiological studies on football (soccer) injuries are needed to assess both the magnitude of the problem and the effectiveness of preventive programmes. However, few data are available for Italy, which hosts one of the main football leagues in Europe. In this study, we aimed to describe the epidemiology of football injuries in the 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 seasons of the Italian Serie A. Information about injury location, type, date of occurrence and duration of absence was obtained from
September 29, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Pascal Edouard, Jean-Michel Serra, Pierre Hertert, Emmanuelle Cugy, Nicolas Morel, Martine Prevost, Frédéric Depiesse
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of injuries is the first step in the sports injuries prevention. In this context, the IAAF and EA have implemented a prospective injury follow-up during their international athletics championships since 2007, and the FFA initiated since the French championships in 2014. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries during the French Elite championships. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period of the outdoor and indoor French Elite championships, all newly occurring injuries were recorded by the local medical team...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Nan-Ping Yang, Dinh-Van Phan, Yi-Hui Lee, Jin-Chyr Hsu, Ren-Hao Pan, Chien-Lung Chan, Nien-Tzu Chang, Dachen Chu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological study was needed to evaluate trends in emergency department (ED) utilization that could be taken into account when making policy decisions regarding the delivery and distribution of medical resources. METHODS: A retrospective fixed-cohort study of emergency medical utilization from 2001 to 2010 was performed based on one-million people sampled in 2010 in Taiwan. Focusing on traumatic cases, the annual incidences in various groups split according to sex and age were calculated, and further information regarding location of trauma and type of trauma was obtained...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Thomas Frieling
Fecal incontinence is defined by the unintentional loss of solid or liquid stool, and anal incontinence includes leakage of gas and / or fecal incontinence. Anal-fecal incontinence is not a diagnosis but a symptom. Many patients hide the problem from their families, friends, and even their doctors. Epidemiologic studies indicate a prevalence between 7-15 %, up to 30 % in hospitals and up to 70 % in longterm care settings. Anal-fecal incontinence causes a significant socio-economic burden. There is no widely accepted approach for classifying anal-fecal incontinence available...
August 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
I Shalaj, F Tishukaj, N Bachl, H Tschan, B Wessner, R Csapo
BACKGROUND: The incidence and severity of football-related injuries has been found to differ strongly between professional leagues from different countries. The aims of this study were to record the incidence, type and severity of injuries in Kosovarian football players and investigate the relationship between injury incidence rates (IRs), players' age and playing positions. METHODS: Players' age, anthropometric characteristics and playing positions, training and match exposure as well as injury occurrences were monitored in 11 teams (143 players) of Kosovo's top division during the 2013/14 season...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Colin W Fuller, Aileen Taylor, Simon P T Kemp, Martin Raftery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, severity and nature of injuries sustained during the Rugby World Cup (RWC) 2015 together with the inciting events leading to the injuries. DESIGN: A prospective, whole population study. POPULATION: 639 international rugby players representing 20 countries. METHOD: The study protocol followed the definitions and procedures recommended in the consensus statement for epidemiological studies in rugby union; output measures included players' age (years), stature (cm), body mass (kg) and playing position, and the group-level incidence (injuries/1000 player-hours), mean and median severity (days-absence), location (%), type (%) and inciting event (%) for match and training injuries...
July 26, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Keamogetse Refilwe Sentsomedi, Threethambal Puckree
BACKGROUND: Sport is a compulsory activity in schools in South Africa. Female learners participating in soccer are more vulnerable to injuries than males. OBJECTIVE: This study determined the epidemiology of injuries in female high school soccer players. METHODS: A cross sectional survey captured the epidemiology of injuries in the players. The population included 200 players from 27 high schools in one district between the ages of 14 to 19 years...
March 2016: African Health Sciences
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Ebrahim Ameri, Azadeh Memarian
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic injury including fractures of limbs, hip or spine or the injuries of soft tissue, muscles, ligaments and tendons lesions are the most common traumatic injuries these days, and impose a significant material and spiritual cost to the communities every year. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between injuries and the mechanism of injuries and gender. METHODS: In these studies 2480 patients with mean age of 29.9±17.8 referred to Shafa Yahyaeian Hospital in Tehran, Iran were participated...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Osvaldo Pangrazio, Francisco Forriol
AIM: to provide an overview of the traumatic injuries sustained by players in the 2015 America Cup. MATERIAL AND METHODS: we collected the medical reports on all the matches held during the 2015 America Cup, in Chile, in 2015. Twelve American teams took part in the championship, consisted of 26 matches with a total of 276 players. The physician for each team sent a request form of the traumatic injuries sustained, including the time at which the injury was produced, the location and diagnosis, its severity and the circumstances (contact injury, sanction, treatment required)...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Annika Prien, Margo Mountjoy, Jim Miller, Kevin Boyd, Cees van den Hoogenband, David Gerrard, Mohamed Yahia Cherif, Yifan Lu, Kyriakos Nanousis, Edgar Ivan Ortiz Liscano, Farhad Moradi Shahpar, Astrid Junge
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological information on injury/illness is required to develop effective injury prevention strategies. AIM: To assess the frequency and characteristics of injuries/illnesses (1) in the 4 weeks prior to and (2) during the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) World Championships 2015 compared with 2013 and 2009. METHOD: (1) Athletes answered a retrospective questionnaire, and (2) the medical staff reported injuries/illnesses prospectively during the championships...
June 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Antonino Bianco, Mirco Spedicato, Marco Petrucci, Giuseppe Messina, Ewan Thomas, Fatma Nese Sahin, Antonio Paoli, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: The effects of synthetic surfaces on the risk of injuries is still debated in literature and the majority of published data seems to be contradictory. For such reasons the understanding of injury incidence on such surfaces, especially in youth sport, is fundamental for injury prevention. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to prospectively report the epidemiology of injuries in young football players, playing on artificial turfs, during a one sports season...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Charles H Negus, Bryant L Sih
OBJECTIVES: In Part II of a two-part series, we develop a phenomenological model of a negative outcome of U.S. Army Basic Combat Training that affects a large proportion of trainees. Previous models have been epidemiological in nature and have focused on trainee risk factors such as previous injury, gender, and initial fitness. This approach is limited due to difficulties extrapolating results to other cohorts. In addition, training regimen is often neglected, limiting accuracy when applied to novel scenarios...
May 2016: Military Medicine
Morgan Q Oskutis, Margaret H Lauerman, Joseph A Kufera, Kathirkamanathan Shanmuganathan, Cynthia Burch, Timothy Kerns, Shiu Ho, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
BACKGROUND: While age is a known risk factor in trauma, markers of frailty are growing in their use in the critically ill. Frailty markers may reflect underlying strength and function more than chronologic age, as many modern elderly patients are quite active. However, the optimal markers of frailty are unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of The Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) database was performed over an 11-year period. Computed tomographic images were analyzed for multiple frailty markers, including sarcopenia determined by psoas muscle area, osteopenia determined by Hounsfield units (HU) of lumbar vertebrae, and vascular disease determined by aortic calcification...
July 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Christopher L Camp, Matthew S Conti, Terrance Sgroi, Frank P Cammisa, Joshua S Dines
In recent years, increased attention has been paid to injuries occurring in Major League Baseball (MLB) players. Although most of the current orthopedic literature regarding baseball injuries pertains to the shoulder and elbow, lumbar spine injuries are another common reason for time out of play. Back and core injuries may represent as many as 12% of all injuries that result in time out of play from MLB. This high rate of injury is likely related to the critical role that the spine plays in every major baseball-related movement...
March 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Arnljotur Bjorn Halldorsson, Elisabet Benedikz, Isleifur Olafsson, Brynjolfur Mogensen
INTRODUCTION: Overexertion and too much training are among the -multiple etiologies of rhabdomyolysis. Creatine kinase (CK) and myo-globine, released from skeletal muscle cells, are useful for diagnosis and follow-up. Acute kidney injury is a serious complication of myoglobinemia. Literature on exertional rhabdomyolysis in the general population is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of exertional rhabdomyolysis among patients diagnosed at Landspítali The National University Hospital of Iceland in 2008-2012...
March 2016: Læknablađiđ
Emre Adigüzel, Evren Yaşar, Duygu Tecer, Ümüt Güzelküçük, Mehmet Ali Taşkaynatan, Serdar Kesikburun, Ahmet Özgül
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a common problem in the world resulting with severe disability. Etiological data is different in studies because of the study period, patient population, economic status, and workplace safety policies of the different countries. OBJECTIVE: To define epidemiological and etiological data of our patients with peripheral nerve injury and to identify factors influencing efficacy of rehabilitation methods and recovery. METHODS: Patients were compared by means of electromyography and muscle strength changes...
February 19, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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