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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525884/training-volume-and-soft-tissue-injury-in-professional-and-non-professional-rugby-union-players-a-systematic-review
#1
Shane Ball, Mark Halaki, Rhonda Orr
AIM: To investigate the relationship between training volume and soft tissue injury incidence, and characterise soft tissue injury in rugby union players. DESIGN: A systematic search of electronic databases was performed. The search strategy combined terms covering: training volume and injury, and rugby union, and players of all levels. DATA SOURCES: Medline, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies were included if they reported: male rugby union players, a clear definition of a rugby union injury, the amount of training volume undertaken by participants, and epidemiological data for soft-tissue injuries including the number or incidence...
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489206/lower-extremity-reconstruction-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-of-the-federal-district-north-wing-regional-hospital
#2
Jefferson Lessa Soares Macedo, Simone Corrêa Rosa, Daniel Lobo Botelho, Clendes Pereira Dos Santos, Murilo Neves DE Queiroz, Tabatha Gonçalves Andrade Castelo Branco Gomes
Objective: to evaluate the management of lower limbs complex traumatic injuries by analyzing their characteristics, types, conduct and evolution, with emphasis on surgical treatment. Methods: we conducted a prospective study of patients treated by Plastic Surgery at a regional hospital of the Federal District during a one-year period. We collected data through serial evaluations and telephone contact records. Results: we studied 40 patients, with a mean age of 25...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488835/incidence-of-injury-and-illness-in-south-african-professional-male-football-players-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Helen Bayne, Martin Schwellnus, Dina Janse Van Rensburg, Jhano Botha, Lervasen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Medical illnesses and sports-related injuries both have an effect on athlete health and performance. Epidemiology of injury and illness has been extensively researched during international football tournaments and the European football season. Reports on injury location and severity differ across geographical regions, and there is limited information on injury epidemiology in African football leagues. No studies have investigated the illness burden in football in Africa. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving two football teams over the 10- month duration of the 2015/16 Premier Soccer League in South Africa...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435336/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reinjury-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Matthew J Jordan, Per Aagaard, Walter Herzog
The purpose of the present review was to: 1) provide an overview of the current understanding on the epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, and prevention methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in alpine ski racing; and 2) provide an overview of what is known pertaining to ACL reinjury and return to sport after ACL injury in alpine ski racing. Given that most of the scientific studies on ACL injuries in alpine ski racing have been descriptive, and that very few studies contributed higher level scientific evidence, a nonsystematic narrative review was employed...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207979/a-comparison-of-injuries-in-elite-male-and-female-football-players-a-five-season-prospective-study
#5
J Larruskain, J A Lekue, N Diaz, A Odriozola, S M Gil
The aim was to compare the epidemiology of injuries between elite male and female football players from the same club. Injuries and individual exposure time in a male team and a female team, both playing in the Spanish first division, were prospectively recorded by the club's medical staff for five seasons (2010-2015) following the FIFA consensus statement. Total, training, and match exposure hours per player-season were 20% higher for men compared to women (P<.01). Total, training, and match injury incidence were 30%-40% higher in men (P≤...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070148/comparison-of-the-epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-traumatic-and-nontraumatic-rotator-cuff-tears
#6
Takeshi Teratani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the epidemiology and outcomes of traumatic and nontraumatic rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with traumatic and 46 with nontraumatic rotator cuff tears were included. RESULTS: The rate of injury to the long head of the biceps was significantly higher in the traumatic group. Preoperative active forward elevation was significantly lower in the traumatic group...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879298/withdrawals-and-retirements-in-professional-tennis-players
#7
Matthew J Hartwell, Sandra M Fong, Alexis C Colvin
BACKGROUND: Injuries and illnesses for professional tennis athletes disrupt training, competition, and progression in the sport and represent a major reason for athlete withdrawal or retirement from a tournament. Few descriptive epidemiological studies have focused on these trends in elite tennis athletes. PURPOSE: To examine the causes of professional tennis player withdrawal or retirement from United States Tennis Association (USTA) Pro Circuit tournaments during 2013...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852594/hip-strength-as-an-intrinsic-risk-factor-for-lateral-ankle-sprains-in-youth-soccer-players
#8
Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw, Mieke Dolphens, Philip Roosen, Ans Van Ginckel
BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies have emphasized the burden of lateral ankle sprains in youth soccer players. However, no prospective study has identified intrinsic physical and modifiable risk factors for these injuries in this particular population. Although injury prevention programs in soccer incorporate proximal hip and core stability exercises, it is striking that the relationship between impaired proximal hip function and ankle sprains has not yet been prospectively investigated in youth soccer players...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806538/epidemiology-of-the-upper-extremity-trauma-in-a-traumatic-center-in-iran
#9
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Ebrahim Ameri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Azadeh Memarian
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic injuries are the most common types of traumatic injuries and present as fractures of the limbs, pelvis, and vertebrae or lesions in soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The upper limb fractures occur in distal radius and ulna, metacarpals, fingers, scapula, and carpal bones, Proximal, diaphysis, distal humerus, clavicle, proximal ulna and radio and distal humero and humero, radio, ulna, and metacarpo. The objective of this project was to accurately describe the occurrence of injuries of the upper extremity and the mechanisms of such injuries in a representative sample of Iranian population...
August 10, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790624/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-tennis-teaching-professionals
#10
Ricardo E Colberg, Kyle T Aune, Matthew S Propst
BACKGROUND: Tennis-teaching professionals represent a significant proportion of all avid tennis players worldwide, with 15,000 belonging to the largest professional organization, the United States Professional Tennis Association (USPTA). However, there is no epidemiologic study to date reporting the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions in these tennis-teaching professionals. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions in tennis-teaching professionals following the International Tennis Federation's (ITF) guidelines for epidemiologic studies...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786562/fifty-years-of-research-in-ards-spontaneous-breathing-during-mechanical-ventilation-risks-mechanisms-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Takeshi Yoshida, Yuji Fujino, Marcelo B P Amato, Brian P Kavanagh
Spontaneous respiratory effort during mechanical ventilation has long been recognized to improve oxygenation, and because oxygenation is a key management target, such effort may seem beneficial. Also, disuse and loss of peripheral muscle and diaphragm function is increasingly recognized, and thus spontaneous breathing may confer additional advantage. Reflecting this, epidemiologic data suggest that the use of partial (vs. full) support modes of ventilation is increasing. Notwithstanding the central place of spontaneous breathing in mechanical ventilation, accumulating evidence indicates that it may cause-or worsen-acute lung injury, especially if acute respiratory distress syndrome is severe and spontaneous effort is vigorous...
April 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741401/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-senior-male-rugby-union-sevens-a-systematic-review
#12
Antonio Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Cruz-Ferreira, Luiz Santiago, Luis Taborda Barata
OBJECTIVES: In 2016 the Rugby Union variant of sevens will enter the official Olympic Programme. Until now, most of injury surveillance studies in Rugby Union focus on elite 15-a-side cohorts, with reported injury incidence rates reaching 96 per 1000 player-match-hours, and mean severity set at 20 days. Sparse data is available regarding rugby sevens. The aim of this study was to systematically review available data regarding the epidemiology of injuries in senior male rugby sevens. METHODS: Electronic databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS, Scielo and IndexRMP) were searched in September 2015, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies and relevant "grey literature"...
February 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734446/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-epidemiology-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention
#13
Joseph J Knapik, Francis G O'Connor
Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) is a medical condition whereby damage to skeletal muscle is induced by excessive physical activity in otherwise healthy individuals. The individual performs so much activity that he/ she presumably depletes local muscle energy stores and muscle cells are unable to maintain cellular integrity, resulting in cell damage and the release of cellular contents, with resultant secondary complications. In the military services, the incidence of ER appeared to increase in the period 2004 to 2015...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683952/epidemiology-of-football-soccer-injuries-in-the-2012-2013-and-2013-2014-seasons-of-the-italian-serie-a
#14
Lavinia Falese, Pietro Della Valle, Bruno Federico
Epidemiological studies on football (soccer) injuries are needed to assess both the magnitude of the problem and the effectiveness of preventive programmes. However, few data are available for Italy, which hosts one of the main football leagues in Europe. In this study, we aimed to describe the epidemiology of football injuries in the 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 seasons of the Italian Serie A. Information about injury location, type, date of occurrence and duration of absence was obtained from www.football-lineups...
October 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676872/athletic-injury-prevention-epidemiology-of-injuries-during-the-french-elite-championships
#15
Pascal Edouard, Jean-Michel Serra, Pierre Hertert, Emmanuelle Cugy, Nicolas Morel, Martine Prevost, Frédéric Depiesse
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of injuries is the first step in the sports injuries prevention. In this context, the IAAF and EA have implemented a prospective injury follow-up during their international athletics championships since 2007, and the FFA initiated since the French championships in 2014. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries during the French Elite championships. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period of the outdoor and indoor French Elite championships, all newly occurring injuries were recorded by the local medical team...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676785/physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-management-of-heterotopic-ossification-in-brain-injury
#16
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579054/retrospective-one-million-subject-fixed-cohort-survey-of-utilization-of-emergency-departments-due-to-traumatic-causes-in-taiwan-2001-2010
#17
Nan-Ping Yang, Dinh-Van Phan, Yi-Hui Lee, Jin-Chyr Hsu, Ren-Hao Pan, Chien-Lung Chan, Nien-Tzu Chang, Dachen Chu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological study was needed to evaluate trends in emergency department (ED) utilization that could be taken into account when making policy decisions regarding the delivery and distribution of medical resources. METHODS: A retrospective fixed-cohort study of emergency medical utilization from 2001 to 2010 was performed based on one-million people sampled in 2010 in Taiwan. Focusing on traumatic cases, the annual incidences in various groups split according to sex and age were calculated, and further information regarding location of trauma and type of trauma was obtained...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557074/-incontinence-etiology-diagnostics-and-therapy
#18
Thomas Frieling
Fecal incontinence is defined by the unintentional loss of solid or liquid stool, and anal incontinence includes leakage of gas and / or fecal incontinence. Anal-fecal incontinence is not a diagnosis but a symptom. Many patients hide the problem from their families, friends, and even their doctors. Epidemiologic studies indicate a prevalence between 7-15 %, up to 30 % in hospitals and up to 70 % in longterm care settings. Anal-fecal incontinence causes a significant socio-economic burden. There is no widely accepted approach for classifying anal-fecal incontinence available...
August 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519820/injuries-in-professional-male-football-players-in-kosovo-a-descriptive-epidemiological-study
#19
I Shalaj, F Tishukaj, N Bachl, H Tschan, B Wessner, R Csapo
BACKGROUND: The incidence and severity of football-related injuries has been found to differ strongly between professional leagues from different countries. The aims of this study were to record the incidence, type and severity of injuries in Kosovarian football players and investigate the relationship between injury incidence rates (IRs), players' age and playing positions. METHODS: Players' age, anthropometric characteristics and playing positions, training and match exposure as well as injury occurrences were monitored in 11 teams (143 players) of Kosovo's top division during the 2013/14 season...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461882/rugby-world-cup-2015-world-rugby-injury-surveillance-study
#20
Colin W Fuller, Aileen Taylor, Simon P T Kemp, Martin Raftery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, severity and nature of injuries sustained during the Rugby World Cup (RWC) 2015 together with the inciting events leading to the injuries. DESIGN: A prospective, whole population study. POPULATION: 639 international rugby players representing 20 countries. METHOD: The study protocol followed the definitions and procedures recommended in the consensus statement for epidemiological studies in rugby union; output measures included players' age (years), stature (cm), body mass (kg) and playing position, and the group-level incidence (injuries/1000 player-hours), mean and median severity (days-absence), location (%), type (%) and inciting event (%) for match and training injuries...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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