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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#1
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885960/international-classification-of-disease-coding-of-exertional-heat-illness-in-u-s-army-soldiers
#2
David W DeGroot, Gordon Mok, Nathanael E Hathaway
INTRODUCTION: The severity of exertional heat illnesses (EHI) ranges from relatively minor heat exhaustion to potentially life-threatening heat stroke. Epidemiological surveillance of the types of and trends in EHI incidence depends on application of the appropriate International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision (ICD-9) diagnostic code. However, data examining whether the appropriate EHI ICD-9 code is selected are lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the appropriate ICD-9 code is selected in a cohort of EHI casualties...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829699/association-between-years-of-competition-and-shoulder-function-in-collegiate-swimmers
#3
Jack D Dischler, Timothy G Baumer, Evan Finkelstein, Daniel S Siegal, Michael J Bey
BACKGROUND: Shoulder injuries are common among competitive swimmers, and the progression of shoulder pathology is not well understood. The objective of this study was to assess the extent to which years of competitive swim training were associated with physical properties of the supraspinatus muscle and tendon, shoulder strength, and self-reported assessments of shoulder pain and function. HYPOTHESIS: Increasing years of competition will be associated with declining physical properties of the supraspinatus muscle/tendon and declining self-reported assessments of pain and function...
August 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812040/effect-of-changes-in-artificial-turf-on-sports-injuries-in-male-university-soccer-players
#4
Kohei Fujitaka, Akira Taniguchi, Tsukasa Kumai, Shingo Otuki, Mamoru Okubo, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the types and severity of trauma and injuries caused by different types of field surfaces have been conducted. However, there have been no studies on sports injuries caused by temporal deterioration of long-pile artificial turf fields and related decreases in the rubber chip and silica sand infill. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of an artificial turf field on sports injuries in a university soccer team. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687543/injury-epidemiology-of-tennis-players-at-the-2011-2016-australian-open-grand-slam
#5
Danielle T Gescheit, Stuart J Cormack, Rob Duffield, Stephanie Kovalchik, Tim O Wood, Melanie Omizzolo, Machar Reid
AIM: To examine the epidemiology and in-event treatment frequency of injury at the 2011-2016 Australian Open tournaments. METHODS: Injury incidence was defined as a medical consultation by a tournament physician and in-event treatment frequency as the mean total number of follow-up medical/physiotherapy consultations (2013-2016 tournaments only). Data were collated by sex, injury region and type and reported as frequencies per 10 000 game exposures. Incidence rate s± 95% CI and rate ratios were used to test effects for injury, sex and year...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674110/a-cytokine-like-protein-dkk3-is-atheroprotective
#6
Baoqi Yu, Stefan Kiechl, Dan Qi, Xiaochong Wang, Yanting Song, Siegfried Weger, Agnes Mayr, Alexandra Le Bras, Eirini Karamariti, Zhongyi Zhang, Ivan Del Barco Barrantes, Christof Niehrs, Georg Schett, Yanhua Hu, Wen Wang, Johann Willeit, Aijuan Qu, Qingbo Xu
Background -Dickkopf-related protein (DKK) 3 is a secreted protein that is involved in the regulation of cardiac remodeling and vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation, but little is known about its role in atherosclerosis. Methods -We tested the hypothesis that DKK3 is atheroprotective using both epidemiological and experimental approaches. Blood DKK3 levels were measured in the Bruneck Study in 2000 (n=684) and then in 2005 (n=574). DKK3-deficient mice were crossed to ApoE(-/-) mice to evaluate atherosclerosis development and vessel injury-induced neointimal formation...
July 3, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644870/effects-of-nicotine-on-corneal-wound-healing-following-acute-alkali-burn
#7
Jong Won Kim, Chae Woong Lim, Bumseok Kim
Epidemiological studies have indicated that smoking is a pivotal risk factor for the progression of several chronic diseases. Nicotine, the addictive component of cigarettes, has powerful pathophysiological properties in the body. Although the effects of cigarette smoking on corneal re-epithelialization have been studied, the effects of nicotine on corneal wound healing-related neovascularization and fibrosis have not been fully demonstrated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic administration of nicotine on corneal wound healing following acute insult induced by an alkali burn...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638840/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-stand-up-paddle-boarding
#8
James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Mike Climstein, Wayne Hing
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. PURPOSE: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617779/-physical-activity-and-its-importance-in-the-workplace
#9
Daniele Masala, Alice Mannocci, Alessandra Sinopoli, Valeria D'Egidio, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
The present study aims to highlight the importance of physical activity in the workplace and its fundamental role for the wellness of an individual. The relationship between sedentary lifestyle and health is supported by several epidemiological studies and inactivity is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease, chronic conditions and cancer. According to the World Health Organization, physical activity represents: "any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure"...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566813/kickboxing-review-anthropometric-psychophysiological-and-activity-profiles-and-injury-epidemiology
#10
REVIEW
M Slimani, H Chaabene, B Miarka, E Franchini, K Chamari, F Cheour
Kickboxing is one of the modern combat sports. The psychophysiological demands of a kickboxing competition require athletes to achieve high thresholds of several aspects of physical fitness. The aim of the current review is to critically analyse and appraise the kickboxer's anthropometric, physiological, physical and psychological attributes with the activity profile and injury epidemiology in order to provide practical recommendations for training as well as new areas of scientific research. The available information shows that both amateur and elite-level male kickboxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorphy with a well-developed muscle mass and low body fat percentage...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525884/training-volume-and-soft-tissue-injury-in-professional-and-non-professional-rugby-union-players-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Shane Ball, Mark Halaki, Rhonda Orr
AIM: To investigate the relationship between training volume and soft tissue injury incidence, and characterise soft tissue injury in rugby union players. DESIGN: A systematic search of electronic databases was performed. The search strategy combined terms covering: training volume and injury, and rugby union, and players of all levels. DATA SOURCES: Medline, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies were included if they reported: male rugby union players, a clear definition of a rugby union injury, the amount of training volume undertaken by participants, and epidemiological data for soft-tissue injuries including the number or incidence...
July 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489206/lower-extremity-reconstruction-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-of-the-federal-district-north-wing-regional-hospital
#12
Jefferson Lessa Soares Macedo, Simone Corrêa Rosa, Daniel Lobo Botelho, Clendes Pereira Dos Santos, Murilo Neves DE Queiroz, Tabatha Gonçalves Andrade Castelo Branco Gomes
Objective: to evaluate the management of lower limbs complex traumatic injuries by analyzing their characteristics, types, conduct and evolution, with emphasis on surgical treatment. Methods: we conducted a prospective study of patients treated by Plastic Surgery at a regional hospital of the Federal District during a one-year period. We collected data through serial evaluations and telephone contact records. Results: we studied 40 patients, with a mean age of 25...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488835/incidence-of-injury-and-illness-in-south-african-professional-male-football-players-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Helen Bayne, Martin Schwellnus, Dina Janse Van Rensburg, Jhano Botha, Lervasen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Medical illnesses and sports-related injuries both have an effect on athlete health and performance. Epidemiology of injury and illness has been extensively researched during international football tournaments and the European football season. Reports on injury location and severity differ across geographical regions, and there is limited information on injury epidemiology in African football leagues. No studies have investigated the illness burden in football in Africa. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving two football teams over the 10- month duration of the 2015/16 Premier Soccer League in South Africa...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435336/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reinjury-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Matthew J Jordan, Per Aagaard, Walter Herzog
The purpose of the present review was to: 1) provide an overview of the current understanding on the epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, and prevention methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in alpine ski racing; and 2) provide an overview of what is known pertaining to ACL reinjury and return to sport after ACL injury in alpine ski racing. Given that most of the scientific studies on ACL injuries in alpine ski racing have been descriptive, and that very few studies contributed higher level scientific evidence, a nonsystematic narrative review was employed...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207979/a-comparison-of-injuries-in-elite-male-and-female-football-players-a-five-season-prospective-study
#15
J Larruskain, J A Lekue, N Diaz, A Odriozola, S M Gil
The aim was to compare the epidemiology of injuries between elite male and female football players from the same club. Injuries and individual exposure time in a male team and a female team, both playing in the Spanish first division, were prospectively recorded by the club's medical staff for five seasons (2010-2015) following the FIFA consensus statement. Total, training, and match exposure hours per player-season were 20% higher for men compared to women (P<.01). Total, training, and match injury incidence were 30%-40% higher in men (P≤...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070148/comparison-of-the-epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-traumatic-and-nontraumatic-rotator-cuff-tears
#16
Takeshi Teratani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the epidemiology and outcomes of traumatic and nontraumatic rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with traumatic and 46 with nontraumatic rotator cuff tears were included. RESULTS: The rate of injury to the long head of the biceps was significantly higher in the traumatic group. Preoperative active forward elevation was significantly lower in the traumatic group...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879298/withdrawals-and-retirements-in-professional-tennis-players
#17
Matthew J Hartwell, Sandra M Fong, Alexis C Colvin
BACKGROUND: Injuries and illnesses for professional tennis athletes disrupt training, competition, and progression in the sport and represent a major reason for athlete withdrawal or retirement from a tournament. Few descriptive epidemiological studies have focused on these trends in elite tennis athletes. PURPOSE: To examine the causes of professional tennis player withdrawal or retirement from United States Tennis Association (USTA) Pro Circuit tournaments during 2013...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852594/hip-strength-as-an-intrinsic-risk-factor-for-lateral-ankle-sprains-in-youth-soccer-players-a-3-season-prospective-study
#18
Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw, Mieke Dolphens, Philip Roosen, Ans Van Ginckel
BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies have emphasized the burden of lateral ankle sprains in youth soccer players. However, no prospective study has identified intrinsic physical and modifiable risk factors for these injuries in this particular population. Although injury prevention programs in soccer incorporate proximal hip and core stability exercises, it is striking that the relationship between impaired proximal hip function and ankle sprains has not yet been prospectively investigated in youth soccer players...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806538/epidemiology-of-the-upper-extremity-trauma-in-a-traumatic-center-in-iran
#19
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Ebrahim Ameri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Azadeh Memarian
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic injuries are the most common types of traumatic injuries and present as fractures of the limbs, pelvis, and vertebrae or lesions in soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The upper limb fractures occur in distal radius and ulna, metacarpals, fingers, scapula, and carpal bones, Proximal, diaphysis, distal humerus, clavicle, proximal ulna and radio and distal humero and humero, radio, ulna, and metacarpo. The objective of this project was to accurately describe the occurrence of injuries of the upper extremity and the mechanisms of such injuries in a representative sample of Iranian population...
August 10, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790624/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-tennis-teaching-professionals
#20
Ricardo E Colberg, Kyle T Aune, Matthew S Propst
BACKGROUND: Tennis-teaching professionals represent a significant proportion of all avid tennis players worldwide, with 15,000 belonging to the largest professional organization, the United States Professional Tennis Association (USPTA). However, there is no epidemiologic study to date reporting the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions in these tennis-teaching professionals. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions in tennis-teaching professionals following the International Tennis Federation's (ITF) guidelines for epidemiologic studies...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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