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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166708/-effects-of-astragalus-polysaccharide-on-cardiac-dysfunction-in-rabbits-with-severe-scald-injury
#1
L Zhong, J H Zhan, J H Luo, X Cheng
Objective: To investigate the effects of astragalus polysaccharide (AP) on cardiac dysfunction in rabbits with severe scald injury. Methods: Sixty-four New Zealand white rabbits were divided into pure scald group and AP group according to the random number table, with 32 rabbits in each group. Rabbits in the two groups were all inflicted with 30% total body surface area full-thickness scald on the back. Immediately after injury, rabbits in two groups were intraperitoneally injected with lactated Ringer's solution once for antishock...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166533/potential-effects-of-fungicide-and-algaecide-extracts-of-annona-glabra-l-annonaceae-on-the-microalgae-raphidocelis-subcapitata-and-on-the-oomycete-pythium
#2
Giseli S Rocha, Reginaldo S Matsumoto, Ana Teresa Lombardi, Maria Inês S Lima
Annona glabra L. is a semi-deciduous tree that contains several active substances, including secondary metabolites, with antifungal activity. Phytopathogenic strains of the genus Pythium cause billion dollar losses all over the world on natural and crop species. Searching for eco-friendly algaecides and fungicides, we analyzed the effects of acetone extracts of A. glabra leaves on the algae Rhaphidocelis subcapitata (Korshikov) and on the oomycete Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson). We evaluated ten extract concentrations for each organism - 0 to 400 mg L-1 for algae and 0-1000 µg disc1 for oomycete...
2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166278/interactions-between-plant-derived-oestrogenic-substances-and-the-mycoestrogen-zearalenone-in-a-bioassay-with-mcf-7-cells
#3
Sabine Hessenberger, K Botzi, C Degrassi, P Kovalsky, C Schwab, D Schatzmayr, G Schatzmayr, J Fink-Gremmels
Human and animal diets may contain several non-steroidal oestrogenic compounds which originate either from plants (phytoestrogens) or from fungi that infect plants (mycoestrogens such as zearalenone (ZEN)). Phytoestrogens may compete with ZEN in binding to the oestrogen receptor β and thereby may counteract the oestrogenic activity of ZEN. Using a modified version of the E-screen assay, plant-derived oestrogenic substances were tested for their proliferative or anti-proliferative effect on oestrogen-dependent MCF-7 cells...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166187/cognitive-behavioral-and-family-psychoeducational-therapies-for-adolescent-inmates-experiencing-anxiety-in-a-narcotics-correctional-facility
#4
Madepan Mulia, Budi Anna Keliat, Ice Yulia Wardani
Illicit substance use is becoming a major global issue. In Indonesia, inmates imprisoned for illicit substance offences accounted for 40% of the total inmate population. This study aimed to identify the effects of cognitive behavioral and family psychoeducational therapies on inmates' anxiety in the narcotics correctional facility. Quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with control group was employed in this study. Intervention Group 1 received a general nursing intervention whereas Intervention Group 2 received a combination of general nursing intervention with cognitive behavioral and family psychoeducational therapies...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165998/characterization-of-natural-organic-substances-potentially-hindering-rt-pcr-based-virus-detection-in-large-volumes-of-environmental-water
#5
Akihiko Hata, Manami Inaba, Hiroyuki Katayama, Hiroaki Furumai
Quantitative detection of pathogenic viruses in the environmental water is essential for the assessment of water safety. It is known that some of natural organic substances interfere with virus detection processes, i.e., nucleic acid extraction and reverse transcription-PCR. Such substances are carried over into a sample after virus concentration. In this study, inhibitory substances in coastal water samples were characterized in view of their effects on efficiency of virus detection and property as organic matters...
November 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164169/tuberculosis-patients-who-are-a-potential-source-for-unprotected-exposure-in-health-care-systems-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#6
Jose Cadena, Norys A Castro-Pena, Heta Javeri, Brian Hernandez, Joel Michalek, Ana Fuentes Arzola, Miloni Shroff, Chetan Jinadatha, Gustavo Valero, Jason Bowling, Jean Przykucki, Michele Adams, James Jorgensen, Jan E Patterson, Pranavi Sreeramoju
Setting: Five health care systems in Texas. Objective: To describe the epidemiology of inadequate isolation for pulmonary tuberculosis leading to tuberculosis (TB) exposures from confirmed TB patients and the patient factors that led to the exposures. Design: A retrospective cohort and case-control study of adult patients with TB resulting in exposures (cases) vs those TB patients who did not result in exposures (controls) during January 2005 to December 2012...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163079/neural-correlates-of-rewarded-response-inhibition-in-youth-at-risk-for-problematic-alcohol-use
#7
Brenden Tervo-Clemmens, Alina Quach, Beatriz Luna, William Foran, Tammy Chung, Michael D De Bellis, Duncan B Clark
Risk for substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with poor response inhibition and heightened reward sensitivity. During adolescence, incentives improve performance on response inhibition tasks and increase recruitment of cortical control areas (Geier et al., 2010) associated with SUD (Chung et al., 2011). However, it is unknown whether incentives moderate the relationship between response inhibition and trait-level psychopathology and personality features of substance use risk. We examined these associations in the current project using a rewarded antisaccade (AS) task (Geier et al...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162546/evaluation-of-probiotic-bacillus-aerius-b81e-isolated-from-healthy-hybrid-catfish-on-growth-disease-resistance-and-innate-immunity-of-pla-mong-pangasius-bocourti
#8
Ratchanu Meidong, Kulwadee Khotchanalekha, Sompong Doolgindachbaporn, Takahiro Nagasawa, Miki Nakao, Kenji Sakai, Saowanit Tongpim
Infectious diseases have been found to be a major cause of mortality in fish hatcheries. Probiotics have been introduced to replace antibiotics commonly used for treatment of bacterial infection in aquaculture. This study was conducted to isolate, screen, and evaluate the probiotic Bacillus spp. for potential use as a feed supplement to enhance fish growth, disease resistance and innate immunity of Pla-mong Pangasius bocourti. Bacillus aerius strain B81e was selectively isolated from the intestine of healthy catfish and chosen based on its probiotic properties both in vitro and in vivo...
November 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#9
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162184/in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-perceptions-of-neighborhood-adversity-and-psychotic-experiences-in-adolescence
#10
Joanne B Newbury, Louise Arseneault, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Jessie R Baldwin, Helena M S Zavos, Helen L Fisher
Adolescent psychotic experiences increase risk for schizophrenia and other severe psychopathology in adulthood. Converging evidence implicates urban and adverse neighborhood conditions in the etiology of adolescent psychotic experiences, but the role of young people's personal perceptions of disorder (i.e., physical and social signs of threat) in their neighborhood is unknown. This was examined using data from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative birth cohort of 2,232 British twins...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161255/neurogenic-mediators-contribute-to-local-edema-induced-by-micrurus-lemniscatus-venom
#11
Luciana Lyra Casais-E-Silva, Catarina Teixeira
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Micrurus is one of the four snake genera of medical importance in Brazil. Coral snakes have a broad geographic distribution from the southern United States to Argentina. Micrurine envenomation is characterized by neurotoxic symptoms leading to dyspnea and death. Moreover, various local manifestations, including edema formation, have been described in patients bitten by different species of Micrurus. Thus, we investigated the ability of Micrurus lemniscatus venom (MLV) to induce local edema...
November 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161165/alcohol-misuse-in-reserve-soldiers-and-their-partners-cross-spouse-effects-of-deployment-and-combat-exposure
#12
Bonnie M Vest, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military deployment and combat are associated with worse outcomes, including alcohol misuse. Less is known about how these experiences affect soldiers' spouses. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to explore relationships between deployment, combat exposure, and alcohol misuse; especially cross-spouse effects (effect of one partner's experiences/behavior on the other partner), which has been under-examined in military samples. METHODS: U...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160391/agnps-the-new-allies-against-s-mutans-biofilm-a-pilot-clinical-trial-and-microbiological-assay
#13
Priscila L L Freire, Allan J R Albuquerque, Fabio C Sampaio, André Galembeck, Miguel A P Flores, Thayza C M Stamford, Aronita Rosenblatt
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of a new formulation containing silver nanoparticles, named Nano Silver Fluoride (NSF), to inhibit Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation on children's dental enamel. The variations in dental biofilm pH and in the Simplified-Oral-Hygiene-Index (OHI-S) also were evaluated after the treatment with NSF. This was a randomized, double-blind, crossover and prospective pilot clinical trial study in which 12 schoolchildren, aged between 7-8 years, had their dental enamel treated with two solutions: S1 - Nano Silver Fluoride and S2 - negative control (saline solution), in different experimental moments...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158993/antimicrobial-consumption-on-austrian-dairy-farms-an-observational-study-of-udder-disease-treatments-based-on-veterinary-medication-records
#14
Clair L Firth, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Corina Schleicher, Klemens Fuchs, Christa Egger-Danner, Martin Mayerhofer, Hermann Schobesberger, Josef Köfer, Walter Obritzhauser
Background: Antimicrobial use in livestock production is an important contemporary issue, which is of public interest worldwide. Antimicrobials are not freely available to Austrian farmers and can only be administered to livestock by veterinarians, or by farmers who are trained members of the Animal Health Service. Since 2015, veterinarians have been required by law to report antimicrobials dispensed to farmers for use in food-producing animals. The study presented here went further than the statutory framework, and collected data on antimicrobials dispensed to farmers and those administered by veterinarians...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158882/the-mediating-role-of-a2a-adenosine-receptors-in-the-mitochondrial-pathway-of-apoptotic-hippocampal-cell-death-following-the-administration-of-mdma-in-rat
#15
Masoomeh Bakhshayesh, Fereshteh Golab, Fatemeh Kermanian, Mehdi Mehdizadeh, Amir Reza Katebi, Mansooreh Soleimani, Farzaneh Mohammadzadeh, Ronak Shabani, Elham Movahed, Majid Katebi
Introduction: The 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) is a popular recreational drug and a major source of substance abuse, which ultimately leads to sensations of well-being, elation and euphoria, moderate derealization/depersonalization, and cognitive disruptions, as well as intense sensory awareness. The mechanisms involved in memory impairment induced by MDMA are not completely understood. Methods: The current study used 40 Sprague-Dawley rats, weighted 200 to 250 g...
July 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158770/does-the-enterolactone-enl-affect-fatty-acid-transporters-and-lipid-metabolism-in-liver
#16
Krzysztof Drygalski, Klaudia Berk, Tomasz Charytoniuk, Nicoletta Iłowska, Bartłomiej Łukaszuk, Adrian Chabowski, Karolina Konstantynowicz-Nowicka
Background: NAFLD as a result of inappropriate diet and obesity, may progress to sever conditions such as: type 2 diabetes mellitus or steatohepatitis, and has recently become a prevalent topic of numerous investigations. Due to its dangerous aftermaths, finding new substances, such as polyphenols and their derivatives, which might reduce liver steatosis is the main target of research into NAFLD treatment. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect(s) of enterolactone (ENL), a metabolite of secoisolariciresinol (SECO), on lipid metabolism together with changes in the expression of fatty acid transporters in fatty liver...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158174/impact-of-cystectomy-with-urinary-diversion-upon-tracked-receipt-of-opioid-prescriptions-among-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#17
David S Koslov, Fernandino Vilson, Marc Colaco, Ryan P Terlecki, Robert J Evans
OBJECTIVES: To compare opioid requirements before and after cystectomy for end stage Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS) using a statewide tracking system. METHODS: Narcotic prescriptions were captured using the North Carolina Controlled Substance Reporting System for patients at a single institute undergoing cystectomy with urinary diversion (CWUD) for refractory, end stage IC/BPS between 2010-2017. Values were documented for the year before and the year after surgery (excluding 30 days postoperatively to account for surgical pain) and converted to Morphine Equivalents (ME)...
November 17, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158127/characterization-of-interactions-of-eggpc-lipid-structures-with-different-biomolecules
#18
F Corrales Chahar, S B Díaz, A Ben Altabef, C Gervasi, P E Alvarez
In this paper we study the interactions of two biomolecules (ascorbic acid and Annonacin) with a bilayer lipid membrane. Egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (eggPC) liposomes (in crystalline liquid state) were prepared in solutions of ascorbic acid (AA) at different concentration levels. On the other hand, liposomes were doped with Annonacin (Ann), a mono-tetrahydrofuran acetogenin (ACG), which is an effective citotoxic substance. While AA pharmacologic effect and action mechanisms are widely known, those of Ann's are only very recently being studied...
November 17, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156279/the-stocks-and-flows-of-nitrogen-phosphorus-and-potassium-across-a-30-year-time-series-for-agriculture-in-huantai-county-china
#19
Jessica Bellarby, Ben W J Surridge, Philip M Haygarth, Kun Liu, Giuseppina Siciliano, Laurence Smith, Clive Rahn, Fanqiao Meng
In order to improve the efficiency of nutrient use whilst also meeting projected changes in the demand for food within China, new nutrient management frameworks comprised of policy, practice and the means of delivering change are required. These frameworks should be underpinned by systemic analyses of the stocks and flows of nutrients within agricultural production. In this paper, a 30-year time series of the stocks and flows of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are reported for Huantai county, an exemplar area of intensive agricultural production in the North China Plain...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155988/opioid-prescribing-patterns-and-patient-outcomes-by-prescriber-type-in-the-oregon-prescription-drug-monitoring-program
#20
Patrick B Fink, Richard A Deyo, Sara E Hallvik, Christi Hildebran
Objective: Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) were created to facilitate responsible use of controlled substances. In Oregon, physicians, physician's assistants (MDs/DOs/PAs), dentists, nurse practitioners (NPs), and naturopathic physicians (NDs) may prescribe opioids, but differences in prescribing practices, patient mix, and patient outcomes among prescriber types have not been characterized. Methods: De-identified Oregon PDMP data from October 2011 through October 2014 were linked with vital records and a statewide hospital discharge registry...
November 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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