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Cristina Valdiosera, Torsten Günther, Juan Carlos Vera-Rodríguez, Irene Ureña, Eneko Iriarte, Ricardo Rodríguez-Varela, Luciana G Simões, Rafael M Martínez-Sánchez, Emma M Svensson, Helena Malmström, Laura Rodríguez, José-María Bermúdez de Castro, Eudald Carbonell, Alfonso Alday, José Antonio Hernández Vera, Anders Götherström, José-Miguel Carretero, Juan Luis Arsuaga, Colin I Smith, Mattias Jakobsson
Population genomic studies of ancient human remains have shown how modern-day European population structure has been shaped by a number of prehistoric migrations. The Neolithization of Europe has been associated with large-scale migrations from Anatolia, which was followed by migrations of herders from the Pontic steppe at the onset of the Bronze Age. Southwestern Europe was one of the last parts of the continent reached by these migrations, and modern-day populations from this region show intriguing similarities to the initial Neolithic migrants...
March 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Woong Ki Kim, Sunjai Kim
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Because of their relatively small scanning area, intraoral scanners may result in less accurate fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) than do laboratory scanners. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the accuracy of monolithic zirconia FDPs with different numbers of pontics fabricated with different impression techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The mandibular right premolars and molars of an acrylic resin model were prepared to receive 4-unit FDPs...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Otto Zuhr, Stephan F Rebele, Stefani L Cheung, Markus B Hürzeler
Diverse clinical advancements, together with some relevant technical innovations, have led to an increase in popularity of tunneling flap procedures in plastic periodontal and implant surgery in the recent past. This trend is further promoted by the fact that these techniques have lately been introduced to a considerably expanded range of indications. While originally described for the treatment of gingival recession-type defects, tunneling flap procedures may now be applied successfully in a variety of clinical situations in which augmentation of the soft tissues is indicated in the esthetic zone...
March 1, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Tiziano Testori, Tommaso Weinstein, Fabio Scutellà, Hom-Lay Wang, Giovanni Zucchelli
Patient expectations from implant treatment have changed over the years and esthetics plays an important role in defining what is now called success of rehabilitation. Of the many factors that influence the outcome of the rehabilitation, the two main ones are the bone and soft-tissue deficiencies at the intended implant site. Many surgical approaches are described in terms of timing of implant placement and management of regenerative procedures. The aim of this article is to discuss the different implant placement alternatives in the esthetic area, in particular: (i) the timing of implant placement/regenerative procedures/skeletal growth/altered passive eruption; (ii) the correct three-dimensional position of the fixture between the cuspids and in the premolar area; (iii) multiple missing teeth in the esthetic area with single tooth/pontic or cantilevered options/prosthetic compensation; (iv) placement of implants into infected sites; and (v) the influence of abutment and crown morphology on implant position...
February 27, 2018: Periodontology 2000
S D Heintze, D Monreal, M Reinhardt, A Eser, A Peschke, J Reinshagen, V Rousson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the fatigue resistance of a new translucent zirconia material in comparison to lithium disilicate for 3-unit fixed partial dentures (FPDs). METHODS: Eighteen 3-unit FPDs (replacement of first upper molar) with a connector size of 4mm×4mm were dry milled with a five-axis milling machine (Zenotec Select, Wieland, Germany) using discs made of a new translucent zirconia material (IPS e.max ZirCAD MT, Ivoclar Vivadent). Another 9 FPDs with a reduced connector size (3mm×4mm) were milled...
January 27, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Dong-Yeon Kim, Eo-Bin Kim, Hae-Young Kim, Ji-Hwan Kim, Woong-Chul Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fit of a three-unit metal framework of fixed dental prostheses made by subtractive and additive manufacturing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One master model of metal was fabricated. Twenty silicone impressions were made on the master die, working die of 10 poured with Type 4 stone, and working die of 10 made of scannable stone. Ten three-unit wax frameworks were fabricated by wax-up from Type IV working die. Stereolithography files of 10 three-unit frameworks were obtained using a model scanner and three-dimensional design software on a scannable working die...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Vinicius P Fardin, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Malvin N Janal, Nick Tovar, Lukasz Witek, Dimorvan Bordin, Gerson Bonfante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the residual stress (nanoindentation based on hardness) of fatigued porcelain-fused to zirconia 3-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDP) with different framework designs. METHODS: Twenty maxillary 3-unit FDP replacing second-premolar (pontic) were fabricated with conventional framework-design (even-thickness of 0.5mm and 9mm2 connector area) and modified framework-design (thickness of 0.5mm presenting lingual collar connected to proximal struts and 12mm2 connector area)...
December 16, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Abdul Rahman Alkharrat, Marc Schmitter, Stefan Rues, Peter Rammelsberg
OBJECTIVES: In vitro investigation of the effects of fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) support and loading conditions on the fracture behavior of all-ceramic, zirconia-based FDP veneered with computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)-manufactured lithium disilicate ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on a model for a 3-unit FDP in the molar region (tooth in region 15, implant in region 17), 16 identical zirconia frameworks were fabricated and veneered with milled lithium disilicate ceramic...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Francesca Tassi, Stefania Vai, Silvia Ghirotto, Martina Lari, Alessandra Modi, Elena Pilli, Andrea Brunelli, Roberta Rosa Susca, Alicja Budnik, Damian Labuda, Federica Alberti, Carles Lalueza-Fox, David Reich, David Caramelli, Guido Barbujani
It is unclear whether Indo-European languages in Europe spread from the Pontic steppes in the late Neolithic, or from Anatolia in the Early Neolithic. Under the former hypothesis, people of the Globular Amphorae culture (GAC) would be descended from Eastern ancestors, likely representing the Yamnaya culture. However, nuclear (six individuals typed for 597 573 SNPs) and mitochondrial (11 complete sequences) DNA from the GAC appear closer to those of earlier Neolithic groups than to the DNA of all other populations related to the Pontic steppe migration...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Johann Waringer, Hans Malicky, Wolfram Graf, Simon Vitecek
Adicella syriaca is a leptocerid caddisfly distributed throughout the Balkan Peninsula, the Carpathians, the Hungarian Lowlands, the Pontic Province, and the Caucasus. This paper describes the previously unknown larva of this species, based on material from the Greek island of Corfu. Information on the morphology of the fifth larval instar is given, and the most important diagnostic features are illustrated. A key to the known larvae of the European species of Adicella McLachlan, 1877 is provided. In the context of existing identification keys, the larva of Adicella syriaca Ulmer, 1907 keys together with Adicella cremisa Malicky, 1972, but the species pair can be easily separated by the number of setae on the pro- and mesonotum, and setation patterns on abdominal dorsum IX...
2017: ZooKeys
Ayana Uraba, Reina Nemoto, Kosuke Nozaki, Tasuku Inagaki, Satoshi Omori, Hiroyuki Miura
PURPOSE: To investigate stress and strain concentrations on resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) frameworks of different design using finite element analysis. METHODS: A human dry skull was scanned and models were produced using three-dimensional printer. After abutment preparation, three frameworks, including a three-unit RBFDP, and two-unit cantilevered RBFDPs using #21 and #23 for the abutment tooth, were fabricated. Scanned data were subtracted to define boundary of each structure...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Jae-Won Choi, So-Yeun Kim, Ji-Hyeon Bae, Eun-Bin Bae, Jung-Bo Huh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine fracture resistance and failure modes of three-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) made of lithium disilicate pressed on zirconia (LZ), monolithic lithium disilicate (ML), and monolithic zirconia (MZ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Co-Cr alloy three-unit metal FDPs model with maxillary first premolar and first molar abutments was fabricated. Three different FDPs groups, LZ, ML, and MZ, were prepared (n = 5 per group)...
August 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Dong-Yeon Kim, Ha-Na Lee, Ji-Hwan Kim, Hae-Young Kim, Woong-Chul Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare single and three-unit metal frameworks that are produced by micro-stereolithography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Silicone impressions of a selected molar and a premolar were used to make master abutments that were scanned into a stereolithography file. The file was processed with computer aided design software to create single and three-unit designs from which resin frameworks were created using micro-stereolithography...
August 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Vívian Dos Santos Marsico, Roberto Brunow Lehmann, Cristiane Aparecida de Assis Claro, Marina Amaral, Rafael Pino Vitti, Ana Christina Claro Neves, Lais Regiane da Silva Concilio
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of occlusal splint therapy on the stress distribution of implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) and peri-implantal bone structures using three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis (FEA). The system consisted of two implants (positioned on region of second premolar and second molar) as retainers of fixed porcelain-fused-to-metal 3-unit FDP (first molar as pontic element). Two implant connections systems (external and internal hexagon) were tested...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Kristina Plenk, Katharina Bardy, Maria Höhn, Mike Thiv, Matthias Kropf
We investigate patterns of genetic variation along an east-west transect of Central European populations of Linum flavum and interpret the Quaternary history of its peripheral populations, especially those at the westernmost isolated range edge, discussing their migrations and possible relict status. We defined our peripheral transect across three study regions from Central Hungary, eastern Austria to southwestern Germany. Using AFLP fingerprinting and cpDNA sequence variation (rpL16 intron, atpI-H), we analyzed 267 and 95 individuals, respectively, representing each study region by four populations...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Hyeonjong Lee, Janghyun Paek, Kwantae Noh, Kung-Rock Kwon
Reproducing soft tissue contours around a pontic area is important for the fabrication of an esthetic prosthesis, especially in the anterior area. A gingival model that precisely replicates the soft tissue structure around the pontic area can be easily obtained by taking a pick-up impression of an interim fixed dental prosthesis. After a working cast is fabricated using the customary technique, the pick-up model is superimposed onto the working model for the pontic area using computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM)...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician's perspective...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
G R Balasubramaniam
Objective The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the survival rate of resin bonded bridges (RBBs) and understand the relationship between various prognostic factors and survival rate.Methods An electronic medline and hand search were carried out to identify prospective studies on RBBs. Critical appraisal of the studies was done and data was extracted from selected studies. Survival rate was estimated with random effect Poissons regression using R software. Influence of location and luting cements was estimated using odds ratio and forest plots using CMA software...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
Matthias Kern, Nicole Passia, Martin Sasse, Christine Yazigi
OBJECTIVES: This clinical study evaluated the long-term outcome and survival rate of all-ceramic cantilever resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) made of zirconia-ceramic with a single-retainer design to replace missing incisors. In addition, whether the reason for missing incisors has an influence on the longevity of RBFDPs was analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and eight zirconia ceramic cantilever RBFDPs were provided for 87 patients. Seventy-five RBFDPs replaced maxillary incisors and 33 mandibular incisors...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Daniel I Hădărugă, Cristina L Birău Mitroi, Alexandra T Gruia, Virgil Păunescu, Geza N Bandur, Nicoleta G Hădărugă
The moisture content of β-cyclodextrin/Danube fish oils complexes (common barbel, Pontic shad, European wels catfish, common bleak) was evaluated by thermal methods. Saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids were the most concentrated in fish oils (25.3-30.8% and 36.1-45.0%). ω-3 And ω-6 fatty acids were identified in low concentrations of 2.8-12.1% and 4.1-7.1%. The moisture content was significantly lowered after β-CD complexation, as revealed by thermogravimetric (TG) analysis (13.3% for β-CD, 2.5-6...
December 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
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