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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914099/integrating-social-class-and-privilege-in-the-community-medicine-curriculum
#1
Christopher Haymaker, Amber Cadick, Allison Seavey
Social class and privilege are hidden variables that impact the physician-patient relationship and health outcomes. This article presents a sample of activities from three programs utilized in the community health curriculum to teach resident physicians about patients within context, including how social class and privilege impact physician-patient relationships and patient health. These activities address resident physicians' resistance to discussion of privilege, social class, and race by emphasizing direct experience and active learning rather than traditional didactic sessions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#2
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905732/medicine-and-mass-incarceration-education-and-advocacy-in-the-new-york-city-jail-system
#3
Jonathan Giftos, Andreas Mitchell, Ross MacDonald
The United States incarcerates more people than any other country in the world. The scale of mass incarceration ensures that almost all practicing physicians will treat formerly incarcerated patients. Yet the majority of physicians receive little training on this topic. In this paper, we will outline the need for expanded education on the interface between incarceration and health, describe initiatives taking place within the New York City jail system and nationally, and describe future directions for curriculum development...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903746/correlation-between-patients-reasons-for-encounters-health-problems-and-population-density-in-japan-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies-coded-by-the-international-classification-of-health-problems-in-primary-care-ichppc-and-the-international-classification
#4
Makoto Kaneko, Ryuichi Ohta, Naoki Nago, Motoharu Fukushi, Masato Matsushima
BACKGROUND: The Japanese health care system has yet to establish structured training for primary care physicians; therefore, physicians who received an internal medicine based training program continue to play a principal role in the primary care setting. To promote the development of a more efficient primary health care system, the assessment of its current status in regard to the spectrum of patients' reasons for encounters (RFEs) and health problems is an important step. Recognizing the proportions of patients' RFEs and health problems, which are not generally covered by an internist, can provide valuable information to promote the development of a primary care physician-centered system...
September 13, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902701/diabetes-self-management-education-training-for-community-health-center-nurses-in-indonesia-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#5
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Matthew Stephenson, Yu-Yun Hsu, Nuniek Nizmah Fajriyah
BACKGROUND: Diabetes complications can increase progressively, leading to morbidity and mortality among diabetes sufferers. To address this, diabetes self-management education is a strategy to increase patients' knowledge and awareness in self-care. However some issues related to diabetes self-management education have emerged for health care providers and patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this project was to improve nurses' skills and confidence in delivering diabetes self-management education among type 2 diabetes patients by promoting evidence based practice in community health centers, thereby enhancing patients' knowledge and skills in performing self-care...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902061/student-perspective-improves-spiritual-care-curriculum
#6
Maureen Kroning, Deborah Yoon
Spiritual nursing care is a fundamental aspect of care often unobserved during students' clinical experiences. A nursing student shares her disillusionment about the lack of spiritual care she observed during a clinical rotation. Her instructor used the negative experience to identify areas for curriculum improvement to develop and address the lack of spiritual nursing care education.
October 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895953/curriculum-united-for-better-eczema-care-why-how-and-what
#7
Lawrence F Eichenfield, Jusleen Ahluwalia, Dawn Marie Davis, David M Fleischer, Andrea Waldman, Jonathan Spergel
While various medical specialties treat eczema patients, care for these patients is largely fragmented and disorganized. Moreover, standardized treatment protocols that incorporate upcoming eczema therapies and emerging guidelines have yet to be established. Thus, there is both a need and an opportunity to equip clinicians to succeed in this novel and changing era of eczema care. The National Eczema Association's (NEA) strategic plan-developed through extensive discussions with patients who have atopic dermatitis and their caregivers, industry, and providers representing different specialties-called for the creation of an interdisciplinary coalition to steer this initiative...
September 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895809/sbirt-curriculum-integration-and-sustainability-social-work-and-nursing-faculty-perspectives
#8
M Nicole Belfiore, Marcela D Blinka, Karlynn BrintzenhofeSzoc, Joseph Shields
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has funded grants to universities to provide training and conduct research on the dissemination of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) to health care professionals. However, when it comes to integrating SBIRT content into an existing curriculum, difficulties can arise. When there is so much content already in the curriculum, adding more can be challenging. Additionally, some faculty believe that course curricula should be driven by the expertise and knowledge of faculty, not by opportunities afforded because of grant funding...
September 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894542/perceptions-of-an-integrated-curriculum-among-dental-students-in-a-public-university-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Khulood Sami Hussein
BACKGROUND: Being aware of the limits of traditional discipline-based education, the Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) tasked basic medical science faculty members with developing a new integrated curriculum for undergraduate dental students to be applied in the 2014/2015 academic year. OBJECTIVE: To determine the students' perceptions of the restructured curriculum and elicit student suggestions for improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all first-year dental undergraduate students (n=192) enrolled in the academic year of 2014/2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893080/core-competencies-of-radiographers-working-in-rural-hospitals-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Bernard Mung'omba, Annali D H Botha
INTRODUCTION: Rural radiographers require, over and above traditional radiographic expertise, additional competencies which to a certain degree are unique however not limited to rural practice. Previous studies, however, have focused more attention primarily on other rural health professionals such as doctors and nurses leaving a research need in this field. This article focuses on the additional competencies that may be required for rural radiographers. AIM: To investigate and identify additional core competencies required by radiographers working in rural hospitals of KwaZulu-Natal in order to propose a continuous professional development strategy aimed at rural radiographers...
August 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891385/trauma-informed-parenting-classes-delivered-to-rural-kinship-parents-a-pilot-study
#11
Karen J Foli, Stephanie Woodcox, Susan Kersey, Lingsong Zhang, Brooke Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Without an informed approach, kinship parents, often grandparents, may struggle to effectively interact with their children who have experienced trauma. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the overall impact and acceptability of a trauma-informed parenting curriculum delivered to 16 rural-dwelling kinship parents. Nursing faculty partnered with Cooperative Extension Educators to deliver this curriculum, developed by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890928/conflicts-of-interest-in-medicine-a-systematic-review-of-published-and-scientifically-evaluated-curricula
#12
Janosch Weißkircher, Cora Koch, Nadine Dreimüller, Klaus Lieb
Objective: Conflicts of interests resulting from interactions with pharmaceutical companies are pervasive in medicine and can result in an undue influence on physicians' decision-making. The objective of this systematic review is to analyze published and scientifically evaluated curricula for medical students and residents regarding such conflicts of interest. We begin by describing the covered topics and teaching methods; afterwards we analyze the quality of the curricula using the published data on their evaluations and comparing the content with content recommended for such curricula...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889089/on-the-integration-of-ethics-into-the-physiology-curriculum
#13
D Savitha, Manjulika Vaz, Olinda Timms, G D Ravindran, Mario Vaz
A one-day state-level workshop was organised in Karnataka to share the experience of a programme implemented earlier, in 2015-16, at St John's Medical College, Bengaluru that integrated the teaching of ethics into the physiology curriculum. The aim was to develop the programme further, list the challenges likely to be faced while scaling it up, and identify other colleges which could participate in the scaling up. Twenty-eight participants, representing 13 medical colleges, and five resource persons attended the workshop...
August 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885872/teaching-tip-simulated-tumors-as-an-aid-to-teaching-principles-of-surgical-oncology
#14
Christopher Tan, Rachel Basa, Peter Bennett, Neil Hannan, William R Walsh, Christopher Bellenger
Tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissues are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in small animals. In many cases, surgical excision is an essential component of successful therapy and it should be performed in a specific way based on the type and grade of the tumor. Students require adequate training to develop both clinical decision-making skills and technical surgical skills, which we believe contribute to optimal clinical results. We have developed an inexpensive and simple technique that aims to replicate a naturally occurring subcutaneous tumor and allows trainees to plan and perform three common surgical procedures: incisional biopsy, marginal excision, and wide surgical excision...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884135/career-development-guidance-and-mentorship-during-anesthesia-residency-training-an-internet-survey
#15
Ruchir Gupta, Ruth Reinsel
BACKGROUND: We conducted a survey of Anesthesiology residency programs in the United States to identify current practice regarding mentorship and teaching of topics related to career development. METHODS: Program directors for all currently accredited Anesthesiology residency programs (N=129 as of April 2016) were contacted by e-mail and invited to complete a short internet survey. Two follow-up e-mails were sent at one-week intervals to those who had not yet responded...
April 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883749/student-selected-component-in-the-medical-curriculum-investigations-and-psychiatric-referral-for-paracetamol-overdose-in-an-accident-and-emergency-department
#16
James G Cowman, Manuel Bakheet
BACKGROUND: A student-selected component (SSC) of the medical curriculum requires the student to be self-directed in locating and undertaking a placement in a clinical specialty of their choosing and completing a project. The clinical area for experience was an accident and emergency department, and our topic was a focused audit on the investigations and referral for paracetamol overdose. The purpose of this paper is twofold: to reflect on the education value to medical students of an SSC in a medical curriculum, and to highlight learning and understanding through completion of an audit...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882458/opioid-prescribing-education-in-surgical-residencies-a-program-director-survey
#17
Brian K Yorkgitis, Elizabeth Bryant, Desiree Raygor, Gabriel Brat, Douglas S Smink, Marie Crandall
BACKGROUND: Opioid abuse and misuse is a public health crisis. A national effort to reduce this phenomenon is ongoing. Residents represent a large pool of opioid prescribers but, are often not the target for opioid prescribing education (OPE). We developed a survey to assess current opioid prescribing practices and education among surgical residents. STUDY DESIGN: An Institutional Review Board and Association of Program Directors in Surgery approved survey was electronically mailed to surgical program directors (PDs)...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882386/knowledge-of-medical-students-on-national-health-care-system-a-french-multicentric-survey
#18
A-L Feral-Pierssens, A-S Jannot
BACKGROUND: Education on national health care policy and costs is part of our medical curriculum explaining how our health care system works. Our aim was to measure French medical students' knowledge about national health care funding, costs and access and explore association with their educational and personal background. METHODS: We developed a web-based survey exploring knowledge on national health care funding, access and costs through 19 items and measured success score as the number of correct answers...
September 4, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880485/pediatric-diabetes-training-for-healthcare-professionals-in-europe-time-for-change
#19
Nicky Helen Kime, Sheridan Waldron, Elizabeth Webster, Karin Lange, Katarzyna Zinken, Thomas Danne, Bärbel Aschemeier, Zdenek Sumnik, Ondrej Cinek, João Filipe Raposo, Andriani Vazeou, Natasa Bratina, Fiona Campbell
BACKGROUND: Training for healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Europe who care for children and young people (CYP) with type 1 diabetes and their families is variable depending on the country. Building on the work of SWEET (Better control in Pediatric and Adolescent diabeteS: Working to crEate CEnTers of Reference) and using the German Certified Diabetes Educators (CDEs) curriculum, a European collaboration of pediatric diabetes experts aimed to (1) establish current core elements that should be included in a pediatric diabetes education training course and (2) create a template for a European CDE's training curriculum...
September 7, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879173/integrating-public-health-and-health-promotion-practice-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-self-directed-team-based-project-approach
#20
Geraldine Kershaw, Michal Grivna, Iffat Elbarazi, Souheila AliHassan, Faisal Aziz, Aysha Ibrahim Al Dhaheri
Preparing health professionals in health promotion (HP) and disease prevention is essential for improvement of population health, community HP, and better health care for individuals. The aim of this article is to describe an HP project in the form of a major self-directed project-based learning task integrated within the curriculum in the second year of the medical degree program at United Arab Emirates University. The project introduces students to public health and HP practice and develops students' literature searching, writing, presentation skills, and team work...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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