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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533864/faculty-development-in-family-medicine-education-what-is-needed
#1
Brian Johnson, William Edward Cayley, Bich-May Nguyen, Paul Larson, Maria Del C Colon-Gonzalez, Christine Gibson, Ann Evensen
A growing number of countries are embracing graduate training in the specialty of Family Medicine as a core component of global health systems reform. One significant challenge for new programs is to adequately prepare for educational excellence and leadership. Promising residents are often encouraged to remain in their program as faculty, but may not have had the benefit of specific training in teaching, curriculum development, learner assessment or educational leadership. Faculty Development is a potential avenue to providing these skills to new Family Medicine Faculty and to encourage new graduates to consider teaching...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532631/competency-based-medical-education-and-assessment-of-training-review-of-selected-national-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-curricula
#2
Milena Garofalo, Rajesh Aggarwal
There are global variations in obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) training curricula, both in length and in their structure and content. The ultimate goal for all residency programs is to ensure a skilled, competent physician, capable of independent practice by the end of his or her training. An online search was used for nationally recognized OBGYN training curricula. The curricula of Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States were individually reviewed and evaluated for their use of competency-based medical education and methods of assessment, including simulation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532552/nephrology-education-and-continuing-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#3
REVIEW
Tushar J Vachharajani, Aminu K Bello, Rhys Evans, Gavin Dreyer, Quentin Eichbaum
Nephrology training programs in high-income countries have transitioned from an apprenticeship model to a well-structured, resource-driven model that supports continual professional development. In contrast, in low- and middle-income countries, medical training and in particular nephrology training has lagged behind owing to resource limitations. Some of the challenges to adequately provide training to health care professionals in low- and middle-income countries include shortage of teaching faculty, difficulty in developing curricula to meet regional needs, and a lack of resources to provide competency-based medical education...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532203/evaluation-in-undergraduate-medical-education-conceptualizing-and-validating-a-novel-questionnaire-for-assessing-the-quality-of-bedside-teaching
#4
Katharina Dreiling, Diego Montano, Herbert Poinstingl, Tjark Müller, Sarah Schiekirka-Schwake, Sven Anders, Nicole von Steinbüchel, Tobias Raupach
BACKGROUND: Evaluation is an integral part of curriculum development in medical education. Given the peculiarities of bedside teaching, specific evaluation tools for this instructional format are needed. Development of these tools should be informed by appropriate frameworks. The purpose of this study was to develop a specific evaluation tool for bedside teaching based on the Stanford Faculty Development Program's clinical teaching framework. METHODS: Based on a literature review yielding 47 evaluation items, an 18-item questionnaire was compiled and subsequently completed by undergraduate medical students at two German universities...
May 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#5
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527474/fifteen-years-of-experience-from-a-medical-school-clinical-skills-laboratory
#6
José Miguel Pêgo, João José Cerqueira, João Bessa, Vitor Hugo Pereira, Sara Gomes, José Mariz, Rita Sousa, Pedro Morgado, Nuno Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Medical Education has evolved being defined as a continuum of the medical training from the pre- to the post-graduate period and through a lifetime of medical practice that is mirrored in the competencies framework that several international institutions have established. This creates a challenge to educational institutions (pre- and post-graduate) that traditionally take separate pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present report is a description of the efforts carried by the School of Medicine of the University of Minho to implement a strategy of teaching/learning methods that follows modern standards towards constructive alignment of the medical curriculum, from the pre- to the post-graduate...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527235/implementing-the-icf-in-occupational-health-building-a-curriculum-as-an-exemplary-case
#7
C P M de Brouwer, L G P M van Amelsvoort, Y F Heerkens, G A M Widdershoven, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: This paper addresses the need for a paradigm shift from post-diagnosis tertiary care towards maintenance and promotion of health across the lifespan, for healthcare in general and in occupational healthcare specifically. It is based on the assumption that the realization of this paradigm shift may be facilitated by teaching (future) occupational health professionals to use the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). OBJECTIVE: Describing the development of a an ICF based occupational health curriculum...
May 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526619/construct-validity-of-a-simple-laparoscopic-ovarian-cystectomy-model-using-a-validated-objective-structured-assessment-of-technical-skills
#8
Elizabeth Britton Chahine, Chan Hee Han, Tamika Auguste
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the construct validity and inter-rater reliability of a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy simulator using a global rating scale. DESIGN: Prospective blinded observational study. DESIGN: Classification: II.3 SETTING: Academic teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 26 postgraduate year 1 - 4 gynecology and obstetrics residents were recruited. (15 junior residents, postgraduate year (PGY) 1 - 2 and 11 senior residents, PGY 3 - 4)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526021/current-status-challenges-and-the-way-forward-for-clinical-pharmacy-service-in-ethiopian-public-hospitals
#9
Arebu Issa Bilal, Zelalem Tilahun, Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle, Belete Ayalneh, Bisrat Hailemeskel, Ephrem Engidawork
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy service has evolved steadily over the past few decades and is now contributing to the 'patient care journey' at all stages. It is improving the safety and effectiveness of medicines and has made a significant contribution to the avoidance of medication errors. In Ethiopia, clinical pharmacy service is in its initial phase, being started in July 2013. This study therefore aimed at assessing the status, challenges and way forward of clinical pharmacy service in the country...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520913/when-theatre-comes-to-engineering-design-oh-how-creative-they-can-be
#10
Ferris M Pfeiffer, Rachel Bauer, Steve Borgelt, Suzanne Burgoyne, Sheila Grant, Heather Hunt, Jennie Pardoe, David Schmidt
The creative process is fun, complex, and sometimes frustrating, but it is critical to the future of our nation and progress in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, as well as other fields. Thus, we set out to see if implementing methods of active learning typical to the theatre department could impact the creativity of senior capstone design students in the Bioengineering department. Senior Bioengineering capstone design students were allowed to self-select into groups. Prior to the beginning of coursework, all students completed a validated survey measuring engineering design self-efficacy...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515804/study-habits-of-canadian-urology-residents-implications-for-development-of-a-competence-by-design-curriculum
#11
Thomas A A Skinner, Louisa Ho, Naji J Touma
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the study habits of Canadian urology residents throughout their residency training. METHODS: A survey was administered to all final-year Canadian urology residents over a two-year period. Sixty-seven respondents answered a survey consisting of 54 questions scored on a 10-point Likert score. The survey addressed study habits throughout training, motivations for studying, and preferred resources used. RESULTS: Dedication to studying was directly correlated with proximity to the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) exam...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512513/using-a-concept-inventory-to-reveal-student-thinking-associated-with-common-misconceptions-about-antibiotic-resistance
#12
Ann M Stevens, Ann C Smith, Gili Marbach-Ad, Sarah A Balcom, John Buchner, Sandra L Daniel, Jeffrey J DeStefano, Najib M El-Sayed, Kenneth Frauwirth, Vincent T Lee, Kevin S McIver, Stephen B Melville, David M Mosser, David L Popham, Birgit E Scharf, Florian D Schubot, Richard W Seyler, Patricia Ann Shields, Wenxia Song, Daniel C Stein, Richard C Stewart, Katerina V Thompson, Zhaomin Yang, Stephanie A Yarwood
Misconceptions, also known as alternate conceptions, about key concepts often hinder the ability of students to learn new knowledge. Concept inventories (CIs) are designed to assess students' understanding of key concepts, especially those prone to misconceptions. Two-tiered CIs include prompts that ask students to explain the logic behind their answer choice. Such two-tiered CIs afford an opportunity for faculty to explore the student thinking behind the common misconceptions represented by their choice of a distractor...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511894/incorporating-simulation-into-gynecologic-surgical-training
#13
REVIEW
Kyle Wohlrab, J Eric Jelovsek, Deborah Myers
Today's educational environment has made it more difficult to rely on the Halstedian model of 'see one, do one, teach one' in gynecologic surgical training. There is decreased surgical volume, but an increased number of surgical modalities. Fortunately, surgical simulation has evolved to fill the educational void. Whether it is through skill generalization or skill transfer, surgical simulation has shifted the learning curve from the operating room back to the classroom. This article explores the principles of surgical education and ways to introduce simulation as an adjunct to residency training...
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511484/efficacy-of-structured-yoga-intervention-for-sleep-gastrointestinal-and-behaviour-problems-of-asd-children-an-exploratory-study
#14
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
INTRODUCTION: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder which appears at early childhood age between 18 and 36 months. Apart from behaviour problems ASD children also suffer from sleep and Gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Major behaviour problems of ASD children are lack of social communication and interaction, less attention span, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, lack of eye to eye contact, aggressive and self-injurious behaviours, sensory integration problems, motor problems, deficiency in academic activities, anxiety and depression etc...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511413/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-sex-education-among-school-going-adolescents-in-ambala-district-haryana-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Randhir Kumar, Anmol Goyal, Parmal Singh, Anu Bhardwaj, Anshu Mittal, Sachin Singh Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a highly dynamic period characterised by rapid growth and development. Adolescents have limited knowledge about sexual and reproduction health, and know little about the natural processes of puberty, sexual health, pregnancy or reproduction. Sex education should be an integral part of the learning process beginning in childhood and continuing into adult life, because it is lifelong process. AIM: This study was carried out to identify the knowledge and attitude of imparting sex education in school going adolescents in rural and urban area of Ambala district...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508802/knowledge-engineering-as-a-component-of-the-curriculum-for-medical-cybernetists
#16
Sergey Karas, Arthur Konev
According to a new state educational standard, students who have chosen medical cybernetics as their major must develop a knowledge engineering competency. Previously, in the course "Clinical cybernetics" while practicing project-based learning students were designing automated workstations for medical personnel using client-server technology. The purpose of the article is to give insight into the project of a new educational module "Knowledge engineering". Students will acquire expert knowledge by holding interviews and conducting surveys, and then they will formalize it...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505523/trainers-perception-of-the-learning-environment-and-student-competency-a-qualitative-investigation-of-midwifery-and-anesthesia-training-programs-in-ethiopia
#17
Sharon Kibwana, Rachel Haws, Adrienne Kols, Firew Ayalew, Young-Mi Kim, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has successfully expanded training for midwives and anesthetists in public institutions. This study explored the perceptions of trainers (instructors, clinical lab assistants and preceptors) towards the adequacy of students' learning experience and implications for achieving mastery of core competencies. METHODS: In-depth interviews with 96 trainers at 9 public universities and 17 regional health science colleges across Ethiopia were conducted to elicit their opinions about available resources, program curriculum suitability, and competence of graduating students...
May 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504787/medical-humanities-some-uses-and-problems
#18
R Downie
The arts and humanities were allowed into the British medical curriculum in 1993 when the General Medical Council re-structured it in a paper entitled 'Tomorrow's Doctors'. Since then many medical schools have developed humanities modules and the broad term 'medical humanities' refers to these. They can contribute to medical education in at least three ways: as a supplement to what is already in the curriculum, especially for ethics and communication; as an outside critique of medical practice; and to personal and professional development...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504231/poland-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#19
Jacek Legutko, Zbigniew Siudak, Radosław Parma, Andrzej Ochała, Dariusz Dudek
For the last five years, invasive cardiology in Poland has developed extensively. Currently, 98% of the 161 Polish cathlabs operate in 24/7 mode, 37 of them supported by cardiac surgery departments on-site. A certification curriculum for interventional cardiology operators is supported by dedicated workshops and scientific meetings during national conferences. The rise in the number of coronary angiographies and PCIs was paralleled by an increased use of drug-eluting stents, bioresorbable vascular scaffolds and physiologic assessment of coronary arteries...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504028/essential-competencies-in-global-health-research-for-medical-trainees-a-narrative-review
#20
Mary T White, Caley A Satterfield, Jason T Blackard
INTRODUCTION: Participation in short-term educational experiences in global health (STEGHs) among medical trainees is increasingly accompanied by interest in conducting research while abroad. Because formal training in both global health and research methods is currently under-represented in most medical curricula, trainees are often unfamiliar with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to design and conduct research successfully. This narrative review identifies essential global health research competencies for medical trainees engaged in STEGHs...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
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