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Field epidemiology training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210832/benefits-of-an-android-based-tablet-application-in-primary-screening-for-eye-diseases-in-a-rural-population-india
#1
Sayed Ahmed Imtiaz, Sannapaneni Krishnaiah, Sunil Kumar Yadav, Balasubramaniam Bharath, Ramanathan V Ramani
To investigate the effectiveness, efficiency and cost gains in collecting patient eye health information from remote rural villages of India by trained field investigators through an Android Based Tablet Application namely 'Sankara Electronic Remote Vision Information System (SERVIS)". During January and March 2016, a population based cross-sectional study was conducted in three Indian states employing SERVIS and manual method. The SERVIS application has a 48-items survey instrument programed into the application...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178439/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-the-era-of-international-cooperation
#2
REVIEW
Yosef Uziel
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Improved understanding of its pathogenesis has led to international cooperation in clinical studies. Multicenter, international collaborations and research facilitate rapid enrollment of enough patients to enable a variety of studies, including those of epidemiology, diagnostic and classification criteria, genetic disease predisposition, pathogenesis, outcomes, and treatment protocols. In the last 20 years, the vision of the Pediatric Rheumatology International Trial Organization (PRINTO) has become a reality of worldwide collaboration in pediatric rheumatology research, including North American and European research groups...
January 30, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170445/validation-of-masimo-pronto-7-and-hemocue-201-for-hemoglobin-determination-in-children-from-1-to-5-years-of-age
#3
Teresa Shamah Levy, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, María Del Carmen Morales Ruán, Brenda Martinez Tapia, Salvador Villalpando Hernández, Mauricio Hernández Ávila
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and precision of HemoCue 201 (HemoCue) and Masimo Pronto 7 (Masimo) devices for measuring hemoglobin (Hb) in epidemiological studies, having venous blood samples as a gold standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We measured Hb concentrations in a field sample of 148 children from one to five years of age. Masimo and HemoCue were used for capillary blood samples and an automatic analyzer for venous blood samples. Regression models with no intercept were constructed to measure precision and predictability, concordance correlations to measure accuracy and precision, and Bland-Altman limits of agreement as well as hierarchical linear models to estimate variance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146170/the-ethics-of-in-vivo-calibrations-in-oral-health-surveys
#4
Flávia Reis de Andrade, Paulo Capel Narvai, Miguel Ângelo Montagner
Objectives: To analyze the ethics of in vivo calibration, using the discourse of the administrators of the National Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010) as a starting point. Method: This is a qualitative research involving semi-structured individual interviews with 12 members of the Steering Group and Technical Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Health, and two coordinators, one State and the other Municipal. The discourse of the collective subject technique was used for data analysis...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125898/mechanisms-and-factors-associated-with-tackle-related-injuries-in-south-african-youth-rugby-union-players
#5
Nicholas Burger, Mike Ian Lambert, Wayne Viljoen, James Craig Brown, Clint Readhead, Steve den Hollander, Sharief Hendricks
BACKGROUND: The majority of injuries in rugby union occur during tackle events. The mechanisms and causes of these injuries are well established in senior rugby union. PURPOSE: To use information from an injury database and assess video footage of tackle-related injuries in youth rugby union matches to identify environmental factors and mechanisms that are potentially confounding to these injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095472/review-of-participatory-epidemiology-practices-in-animal-health-1980-2015-and-future-practice-directions
#6
Alberto Allepuz, Katinka de Balogh, Ryan Aguanno, Martin Heilmann, Daniel Beltran-Alcrudo
In this study we combined an inventory of the major applications, geographic regions and diseases covered by participatory epidemiology (PE) activities in the field of animal health since 1980, together with an email discussion forum with PE practitioners from different regions of the world. The inventory included the search of peer-reviewed papers, master and technical reports, conference proceedings, manuals, training materials and projects. The search resulted in a low number of PE activity results until the year 2000, followed by a considerable increase (especially from 2012)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063729/wound-and-soft-tissue-infections-of-serratia-marcescens-in-patients-receiving-wound-care-a-health-care-associated-outbreak
#7
Ebru Us, Huseyin H Kutlu, Alper Tekeli, Duygu Ocal, Sevilay Cirpan, Kemal O Memikoglu
We described a health care-associated Serratia marcescens outbreak of wound and soft tissue infection lasting approximately 11 months at Ankara University Ibni Sina Hospital. After identification of S marcescens strains from the clinical and environmental samples, and their susceptibility testing to antimicrobial agents, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed to detect molecular epidemiologic relationships among these isolates. The strains which were isolated from the saline bottles used for wound cleansing in the wound care unit were found to be 100% interrelated by PFGE to the strains from the samples of the outbreak patients...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974170/getting-it-right-the-first-time-defining-regionally-relevant-training-curricula-and-provider-core-competencies-for-point-of-care-ultrasound-education-on-the-african-continent
#8
Margaret Salmon, Megan Landes, Cheryl Hunchak, Justin Paluku, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Christian Salmon, Mundenga Mutendi Muller, Benjamin Wachira, James Mangan, Kajal Chhaganlal, Joseph Kalanzi, Aklilu Azazh, Sara Berman, El-Sayed Zied, Hein Lamprecht
Significant evidence identifies point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) as an important diagnostic and therapeutic tool in resource-limited settings. Despite this evidence, local health care providers on the African continent continue to have limited access to and use of ultrasound, even in potentially high-impact fields such as obstetrics and trauma. Dedicated postgraduate emergency medicine residency training programs now exist in 8 countries, yet no current consensus exists in regard to core PoCUS competencies...
February 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864803/enabling-rapid-response-to-the-2014-2016-ebola-epidemic-the-experience-and-the-results-of-the-national-institute-for-infectious-diseases-lazzaro-spallanzani
#9
Emanuele Nicastri, Concetta Castilletti, Mirella Biava, Francesco Maria Fusco, Nicola Petrosillo, Vincenzo Puro, Francesco Nicola Lauria, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Antonino Di Caro, Giuseppe Ippolito
The unprecedented epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa highlighted the need for stronger systems for disease surveillance, response, and prevention worldwide. Tackling an epidemic event today requires a broader view, not only limited to medical management of the patients, but which also includes heroic efforts by clinicians and public health personnel.Since its foundation in 1936, INMI has been devoted to the prevention, diagnosis and care for infectious diseases. In 2009, INMI became a WHO collaborative center for clinical care, diagnosis, response and training on Highly Infectious Diseases...
November 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857070/adoption-of-one-health-in-thailand-s-national-strategic-plan-for-emerging-infectious-diseases
#10
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
This study illustrates how Thailand adopted the One Health concept. Massive socio-economic and health consequences of emerging infectious diseases, especially Avian Influenza in 2004, led to recognition of the importance of and need for One Health. Based on collaboration and consultative meetings between the national actors and international development partners, Thailand adopted One Health to drive more effective containment of Emerging Infectious Diseases. This concept gained support from the non-governmental and civil society organizations through processes of the National Health Assembly...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834326/validation-of-icmr-index-for-identification-of-dental-fluorosis-in-epidemiological-studies
#11
Ashima Goyal, Mahesh Verma, G S Toteja, K Gauba, Vikrant Mohanty, Utkal Mohanty, Rupinder Kaur
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) formulated a Task Force on dental fluorosis and recommended the subgroup to develop a simplified index for identification and grading of dental fluorosis to be used by the health workers. This study was conducted to pre-test the 'ICMR Index for Dental Fluorosis' in the field to check its reliability and reproducibility. METHODS: A total of 600 photographs were taken, 150 in each grade of fluorosis by screening 14-17 yr school children from eight schools of Hisar (Haryana) and South west Delhi...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832053/notes-from-the-field-photokeratoconjunctivitis-outbreak-associated-with-damaged-metal-halide-lamps-maharashtra-state-western-india-june-2016
#12
Vijaykumar Wagh, Bhimashankar Jamadar, Manoj Murhekar
On June 13, 2016, the Pimpriraja Primary Health Center in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra State, in western India reported learning of approximately 90 persons with red eyes and blurred vision. One day earlier, the patients had attended a gathering in Zalta village to acknowledge the contributions of a local political leader. An investigation by the Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) and officials from the Integrated Disease Surveillance Program (IDSP) in Aurangabad district was initiated to estimate the magnitude of the outbreak and identify reasons for its occurrence...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828888/approach-to-a-standardized-injury-prevention-coordinator-training-curriculum
#13
Pina Violano, Ian Weston, Glen Tinkoff
The effectiveness of trauma center-based injury prevention programs is constrained by a number of variables. These include the wide range of injury types, the variety of possible interventions, institutional support and funding, and the knowledge and experience of the persons responsible for these programs. As the field of injury prevention has increased in complexity, so must the role and professional development of these injury prevention professionals responsible for these programs. Trauma center-based injury prevention coordinators are a diverse group with variable education and professional background especially related to public health, advocacy, epidemiology, biostatistics, and research...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814923/identifying-weaknesses-in-national-health-emergency-response-skills-and-techniques-with-emergency-responders-a-cross-sectional-study-from-china
#14
Jiaojiao Ren, Qunhong Wu, Yanhua Hao, Adamm Ferrier, Hong Sun, Ding Ding, Ning Ning, Yu Cui
BACKGROUND: To identify the weakest skill areas perceived by participants among key skills highly demanded during emergencies and to explore factors influencing the self-rated overall skill proficiency of public health emergency responders. METHODS: The participants were selected by a multistage, stratified cluster sampling method in Heilongjiang CDC to complete questionnaires that assessed their perceptions of health emergency response skills and techniques. A final sample of 1,740 staff members was obtained and analyzed...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806600/a-novel-approach-to-neutron-dosimetry
#15
Matthew J I Balmer, Kelum A A Gamage, Graeme C Taylor
PURPOSE: Having been overlooked for many years, research is now starting to take into account the directional distribution of neutron workplace fields. Existing neutron dosimetry instrumentation does not account for this directional distribution, resulting in conservative estimates of dose in neutron workplace fields (by around a factor of 2, although this is heavily dependent on the type of field). This conservatism could influence epidemiological studies on the health effects of radiation exposure...
November 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789317/the-latin-american-clinical-epidemiology-network-latinclen
#16
Carlos Gómez Restrepo, Sergio Muñoz N, Alvaro J Ruiz, Fernando Lanas
The Latin American Clinical Epidemiology Network (LatinCLEN) was born in the nineties as a branch of the International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN). Clinical Epidemiology Units that made up this network in the region were initially composed of health professionals trained in Australia and North America. From these units, second and third generation training centers started to develop in the region, with the main purpose of introducing clinical research methodology and critical appraisal, as well as health economics and biostatistics...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777215/-when-bad-is-good-identifying-personal-communication-and-sentiment-in-drug-related-tweets
#17
Raminta Daniulaityte, Lu Chen, Francois R Lamy, Robert G Carlson, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit Sheth
BACKGROUND: To harness the full potential of social media for epidemiological surveillance of drug abuse trends, the field needs a greater level of automation in processing and analyzing social media content. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to describe the development of supervised machine-learning techniques for the eDrugTrends platform to automatically classify tweets by type/source of communication (personal, official/media, retail) and sentiment (positive, negative, neutral) expressed in cannabis- and synthetic cannabinoid-related tweets...
October 24, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759770/mapping-of-courses-on-vector-biology-and-vector-borne-diseases-systems-time-for-a-worldwide-effort
#18
Jérôme Casas, Claudio Lazzari, Teresita Insausti, Pascal Launois, Florence Fouque
Major emergency efforts are being mounted for each vector-borne disease epidemiological crisis anew, while knowledge about the biology of arthropods vectors is dwindling slowly but continuously, as is the number of field entomologists. The discrepancy between the rates of production of knowledge and its use and need for solving crises is widening, in particular due to the highly differing time spans of the two concurrent processes. A worldwide web based search using multiple key words and search engines of onsite and online courses in English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and German concerned with the biology of vectors identified over 140 courses...
November 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747752/concussion-in-community-australian-football-epidemiological-monitoring-of-the-causes-and-immediate-impact-on-play
#19
Lauren V Fortington, Dara M Twomey, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Head injuries, particularly concussion, are a major cause of concern in many sports, particularly the football codes, driving a need to better understand injury mechanisms and potential methods of prevention. The aim of this study was to describe the mechanisms and follow up care of concussion injuries sustained in adult male community Australian football to identify target areas for prevention and management. METHODS: Secondary analysis of injury data collected in a cluster randomised controlled trial in community Australian football across two states of Australia in 2007 and 2008...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723026/oiebtlabnet-the-web-based-network-of-the-oie-bluetongue-reference-laboratories
#20
Annamaria Conte, Peter Daniels, Maria Goffredo, Eileen Noel Ostlund, Alessio Di Lorenzo, Lara Savini, Susanna Tora, Baratang Alison Lubisi, Paolo Calistri, Rossana Bruno, Dario Di Sabatino, Carla Ippoliti, Federica Monaco, Peter P C Mertens, Alessio Lorusso, Andrea Capobianco, Alessandro Ripani, Nigel James MacLachlan, Giovanni Savini
Bluetongue (BT) is a mild to severe disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by the Bluetongue virus (BTV) and generally transmitted by Culicoides biting midges. Its occurrence also determines a livestock trade ban in affected countries with severe economic consequences on national and international trade. For this reason, in May 2011, the OIE encouraged the OIE Reference Laboratories to establish and maintain a BT network to provide expertise and training to the OIE and OIE Member Countries for BT diagnosis, surveillance and control...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
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