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Field epidemiology training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721667/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-mih-training-manual-for-clinical-field-surveys-and-practice
#1
A Ghanim, M J Silva, M E C Elfrink, N A Lygidakis, R J Mariño, K L Weerheijm, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Despite clear assessment criteria, studies of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) and hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) are marked by inconsistency in outcome measurements. This has detracted from meaningful comparisons between studies and limited interpretation. AIM: To provide a comprehensive manual as a companion to assist researchers in planning epidemiological studies of MIH and HSPM, with particular reference to outcome measurement...
July 18, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721177/antiretroviral-therapy-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-clients-in-gweru-city-zimbabwe-2006-2011-a-cohort-analysis
#2
Gerald Shambira, Notion Tafara Gombe, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong
The government of Zimbabwe began providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in public institutions in 2004. In Midlands province two clinics constituted the most active HIV care service points, with patients being followed up through a comprehensive patient monitoring and tracking system which captured specific patient variables and outcomes over time. The data from 2006 to 2011 were subjected to analysis to answer specific research questions and this case study is based on that analysis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721175/conducting-a-surveillance-problem-analysis-on-poor-feedback-from-reference-laboratory-liberia-february-2016
#3
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Thomas Knue Nagbe
The laboratory plays a major role in surveillance, including confirming the start and end of an outbreak. Knowing the causative agent for an outbreak informs the development of response strategies and management plans for a public health event. However, issues and challenges may arise that limit the effectiveness or efficiency of laboratories in surveillance. This case study applies a systematic approach to analyse gaps in laboratory surveillance, thereby improving the ability to mitigate these gaps. Although this case study concentrates on factors resulting in poor feedback from the laboratory, practise of this general approach to problem analysis will confer skills required in analysing most public health issues...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721174/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#4
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Thomas Knue Nagbe
Public health officials depend on timely, complete, and accurate surveillance data for decision making. The quality of data generated from surveillance is highly dependent on external and internal factors which may either impede or enhance surveillance activities. One way of identifying challenges affecting the quality of data generated is to conduct a data quality audit. This case study, based on an audit conducted by residents of the Liberia Frontline Field Epidemiology Training Program, was designed to be a classroom simulation of a data quality audit in a health facility...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721173/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#5
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Thomas Knue Nagbe
An essential component of a public health surveillance system is its ability to detect priority diseases which fall within the mandate of public health officials at all levels. Early detection, reporting and response to public health events help to reduce the burden of mortality and morbidity on communities. Analysis of reliable surveillance data provides relevant information which can enable implementation of timely and appropriate public health interventions. To ensure that a resilient system is in place, the World Health Organization (WHO) has provided guidelines for detection, reporting and response to public health events in the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721172/contact-tracing-following-outbreak-of-ebola-virus-disease-in-urban-settings-in-nigeria
#6
Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole, Mahmood Muazu Dalhat, Meeyoung Park, Casey Daniel Hall, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi
An outbreak of Ebola virus disease occurred in Nigeria between July and September 2014. Contact tracing commenced in Lagos, and extended to Port Harcourt and Enugu as the outbreak continued to spread. A total of 899 contacts were traced. Contact tracing enhanced immediate identification of symptomatic contacts, some of whom eventually became cases. Contact tracing could be challenging in urban cities. However, use of electronic technology, adequate logistics, and highly skilled personnel enhanced the tracing of contacts to facilitate the successful containment of the outbreak...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721169/investigating-an-outbreak-of-measles-in-margibi-county-liberia-october-2015
#7
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Casey Daniel Hall, Thomas Knue Nagbe
The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases highlights the need to have well-trained field epidemiologists who will be at the forefront in the fight against these diseases, especially during an outbreak. Training for outbreak investigation is most effective when participants can develop their competencies in a practical exercise. To that end, this case study was based on a measles outbreak investigation conducted in Liberia during October 2015 by Liberia Frontline Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) residents, simulating steps to perform outbreak investigation in a real-life situation as a field epidemiologist...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721168/cholera-outbreak-in-homa-bay-county-kenya-2015
#8
Jane Njoki Githuku, Waqo Gufu Boru, Casey Daniel Hall, Zeinab Gura, Elvis Oyugi, Rogath Saika Kishimba, Innocent Semali, Ghada Nadim Farhat, Meeyoung Mattie Park
Cholera is among the re-emerging diseases in Kenya. Beginning in December 2014, a persistent outbreak occurred involving 29 out of the 47 countries. Homa Bay County in Western Kenya was among the first counties to report cholera cases from January to April 2015. This case study is based on an outbreak investigation conducted by FELTP residents in Homa Bay County in February 2015. It simulates an outbreak investigation including laboratory confirmation, active case finding, descriptive epidemiology and implementation of control measures...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674588/four-years-into-the-indian-ocean-field-epidemiology-training-programme
#9
Ariane Halm, Thomas Seyler, Sainda Mohamed, Saindou Ben Ali Mbaé, Armand Eugène Randrianarivo-Solofoniaina, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Ram Nundlall, Shahina Aboobakar, Jastin Bibi, Laurent Filleul, Patrice Piola, Harimahefa Razafimandimby, Harena Rasamoelina, Marta Valenciano, Alain Moren, Eric Cardinale, Richard Lepec, Loïc Flachet
INTRODUCTION: Following the 2005-6 chikungunya outbreak, a project to strengthen regional Public Health preparedness in the Indian Ocean was implemented. It includes the Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion (France) and Seychelles. A Field Epidemiology Training Programme (FETP-OI) was started in 2011 to develop a pool of well-trained intervention epidemiologists. METHODS: The FETP-OI consists of two years of supervised, learning-by-doing, on-the-job training at national sites involved in disease surveillance and response...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673048/taming-the-beast-a-community-teaching-material-resource-for-beast-2
#10
Joëlle Barido-Sottani, Veronika Bošková, Louis du Plessis, Denise Kühnert, Carsten Magnus, Venelin Mitov, Nicola F Müller, Julija Pecerska, David A Rasmussen, Chi Zhang, Alexei J Drummond, Tracy A Heath, Oliver G Pybus, Timothy G Vaughan, Tanja Stadler
Phylogenetics and phylodynamics are central topics in modern evolutionary biology. Phylogenetic methods reconstruct the evolutionary relationships among organisms, whereas phylodynamic approaches reveal the underlying diversification processes that lead to the observed relationships. These two fields have many practical applications in disciplines as diverse as epidemiology, developmental biology, palaeontology, ecology, and linguistics. The combination of increasingly large genetic datasets and increases in computing power is facilitating the development of more sophisticated phylogenetic and phylodynamic methods...
June 29, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607940/orthopaedic-resident-preparation-and-confidence-in-treating-on-field-injuries
#11
Jonathan D Hodax, Andrew D Sobel, Steven DeFroda, Alison B Chambers, Michael J Hulstyn
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgery residents may cover athletic events, although the training provided to prepare residents for this role and oversight from attending physicians during these activities is not well understood. PURPOSE: To survey orthopaedic residents about the training provided by their residency program for on-field athletic coverage and to understand their levels of preparation for this role and confidence in treating commonly encountered on-field conditions...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586281/opioid-vs-nonopioid-prescribers-variations-in-care-for-a-standardized-acute-back-pain-case
#12
Kathleen Hanley, Sondra Zabar, Lisa Altshuler, Hillary Lee, Jasmine Ross, Nicomedes Rivera, Christian Marvilli, Colleen Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Opioid analgesics are effective and appropriate therapy for many types of acute pain. Epidemiologic evidence supports a direct relationship between increased opioid prescribing and increases in opioid use disorders and overdoses. OBJECTIVE: To tailor our residency curriculum, we designed and fielded an unannounced standardized patient (USP) case involving a patient with acute back pain who is requesting Vicodin (5/325 mg). We describe residents' case management and examine whether their management decisions, including opioid prescribing, were related to their core clinical skills...
June 6, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562486/diagnostics-and-laboratory-role-in-outbreaks
#13
Francesca Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review describes the investigative benefits of traditional and novel molecular epidemiology techniques, while acknowledging the limitations faced by clinical laboratories seeking to implement these methods. RECENT FINDINGS: Pulse-field gel electrophoresis and other traditional techniques remain powerful tools in outbreak investigations and continue to be used by multiple groups. Newer techniques such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass-spectrometry and whole genome sequencing show great promise...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551472/student-outbreak-response-teams-lessons-learned-from-a-decade-of-collaboration
#14
K Pogreba-Brown, J Weiss, G Briggs, A Taylor, M Schumacher, B England, R B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Student response teams within colleges of public health effectively address important concerns for two stakeholders. For universities, students learn the fundamentals of field epidemiology and provide popular training and networking opportunities. For health departments, students serve as surge capacity as trained workforce available during outbreak investigations and potentially for routine tasks. STUDY DESIGN: This paper describes the interaction between a student response team and several health departments utilizing specific examples to demonstrate the various roles and activities students can fulfill...
May 25, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549512/infection-prevention-workforce-potential-benefits-to-educational-diversity
#15
Sara M Reese, Heather M Gilmartin
BACKGROUND: Nurses have historically occupied the infection preventionist (IP) role. As the knowledge and skills needed to advance the field expand, professionals from public health and the laboratory sciences have become IPs. Our study describes the characteristics of current IPs and assesses for relationships between background, certification, experience, and type of work performed. METHODS: The data were drawn from an existing dataset collected in the conduct of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) MegaSurvey...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#16
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457602/infectious-diarrheal-disease-caused-by-contaminated-well-water-in%C3%A2-chinese-schools-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Zheyuan Ding, Yujia Zhai, Chen Wu, Haocheng Wu, Qinbao Lu, Junfen Lin, Fan He
BACKGROUND: In China, waterborne outbreaks of infectious diarrheal disease mainly occur in schools, and contaminated well water is a common source of pathogens. The objective of this review was to present the attack rates, durations of outbreak, pathogens of infectious diarrheal disease, and sanitary conditions of wells in primary and secondary schools in China, and to analyze risk factors and susceptibility of school children. METHODS: Relevant articles and reports were identified by searching PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Chinese Field Epidemiology Training Program...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#18
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416172/epidemiology-of-ebolavirus-disease-evd-and-occupational-evd-in-health-care-workers-in-sub-saharan-africa-need-for-strengthened-public-health-preparedness
#19
REVIEW
Nlandu Roger Ngatu, Ntumba Jean-Marie Kayembe, Elayne Kornblatt Phillips, Joa Okech-Ojony, Masika Patou-Musumari, Mukunda Gaspard-Kibukusa, Ndona Madone-Mandina, Mabasi Godefroid-Mayala, Lubogo Mutaawe, Casimir Manzengo, Dimosi Roger-Wumba, Sayumi Nojima
Ebolavirus disease (EVD) is a severe contagious disease in humans, and health care workers (HCW) are at risk of infection when caring for EVD patients. This paper highlights the epidemiologic profile of EVD and its impact on the health care workforce in Africa. A documentary study was conducted which consisted of a review of available literature regarding the epidemiology of EVD, occupational EVD (OEVD), and work safety issues in Sub-Saharan Africa; the literature findings are enriched by field experiences from the authors...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396470/case-study-design-and-implementation-of-training-for-scientists-deploying-to-ebola-diagnostic-field-laboratories-in-sierra-leone-october-2014-to-february-2016
#20
REVIEW
Christopher H Logue, Suzanna M Lewis, Amber Lansley, Sara Fraser, Clare Shieber, Sonal Shah, Amanda Semper, Daniel Bailey, Jason Busuttil, Liz Evans, Miles W Carroll, Nigel J Silman, Tim Brooks, Jane A Shallcross
As part of the UK response to the 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa, Public Health England (PHE) were tasked with establishing three field Ebola virus (EBOV) diagnostic laboratories in Sierra Leone by the UK Department for International Development (DFID). These provided diagnostic support to the Ebola Treatment Centre (ETC) facilities located in Kerry Town, Makeni and Port Loko. The Novel and Dangerous Pathogens (NADP) Training group at PHE, Porton Down, designed and implemented a pre-deployment Ebola diagnostic laboratory training programme for UK volunteer scientists being deployed to the PHE EVD laboratories...
May 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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