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Field epidemiology training

Ebru Us, Huseyin H Kutlu, Alper Tekeli, Duygu Ocal, Sevilay Cirpan, Kemal O Memikoglu
We described a health care-associated Serratia marcescens outbreak of wound and soft tissue infection lasting approximately 11 months at Ankara University Ibni Sina Hospital. After identification of S marcescens strains from the clinical and environmental samples, and their susceptibility testing to antimicrobial agents, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed to detect molecular epidemiologic relationships among these isolates. The strains which were isolated from the saline bottles used for wound cleansing in the wound care unit were found to be 100% interrelated by PFGE to the strains from the samples of the outbreak patients...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
Margaret Salmon, Megan Landes, Cheryl Hunchak, Justin Paluku, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Christian Salmon, Mundenga Mutendi Muller, Benjamin Wachira, James Mangan, Kajal Chhaganlal, Joseph Kalanzi, Aklilu Azazh, Sara Berman, El-Sayed Zied, Hein Lamprecht
Significant evidence identifies point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) as an important diagnostic and therapeutic tool in resource-limited settings. Despite this evidence, local health care providers on the African continent continue to have limited access to and use of ultrasound, even in potentially high-impact fields such as obstetrics and trauma. Dedicated postgraduate emergency medicine residency training programs now exist in 8 countries, yet no current consensus exists in regard to core PoCUS competencies...
December 11, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Emanuele Nicastri, Concetta Castilletti, Mirella Biava, Francesco Maria Fusco, Nicola Petrosillo, Vincenzo Puro, Francesco Nicola Lauria, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Antonino Di Caro, Giuseppe Ippolito
The unprecedented epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa highlighted the need for stronger systems for disease surveillance, response, and prevention worldwide. Tackling an epidemic event today requires a broader view, not only limited to medical management of the patients, but which also includes heroic efforts by clinicians and public health personnel.Since its foundation in 1936, INMI has been devoted to the prevention, diagnosis and care for infectious diseases. In 2009, INMI became a WHO collaborative center for clinical care, diagnosis, response and training on Highly Infectious Diseases...
November 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
This study illustrates how Thailand adopted the One Health concept. Massive socio-economic and health consequences of emerging infectious diseases, especially Avian Influenza in 2004, led to recognition of the importance of and need for One Health. Based on collaboration and consultative meetings between the national actors and international development partners, Thailand adopted One Health to drive more effective containment of Emerging Infectious Diseases. This concept gained support from the non-governmental and civil society organizations through processes of the National Health Assembly...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Ashima Goyal, Mahesh Verma, G S Toteja, K Gauba, Vikrant Mohanty, Utkal Mohanty, Rupinder Kaur
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) formulated a Task Force on dental fluorosis and recommended the subgroup to develop a simplified index for identification and grading of dental fluorosis to be used by the health workers. This study was conducted to pre-test the 'ICMR Index for Dental Fluorosis' in the field to check its reliability and reproducibility. METHODS: A total of 600 photographs were taken, 150 in each grade of fluorosis by screening 14-17 yr school children from eight schools of Hisar (Haryana) and South west Delhi...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Vijaykumar Wagh, Bhimashankar Jamadar, Manoj Murhekar
On June 13, 2016, the Pimpriraja Primary Health Center in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra State, in western India reported learning of approximately 90 persons with red eyes and blurred vision. One day earlier, the patients had attended a gathering in Zalta village to acknowledge the contributions of a local political leader. An investigation by the Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) and officials from the Integrated Disease Surveillance Program (IDSP) in Aurangabad district was initiated to estimate the magnitude of the outbreak and identify reasons for its occurrence...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Pina Violano, Ian Weston, Glen Tinkoff
The effectiveness of trauma center-based injury prevention programs is constrained by a number of variables. These include the wide range of injury types, the variety of possible interventions, institutional support and funding, and the knowledge and experience of the persons responsible for these programs. As the field of injury prevention has increased in complexity, so must the role and professional development of these injury prevention professionals responsible for these programs. Trauma center-based injury prevention coordinators are a diverse group with variable education and professional background especially related to public health, advocacy, epidemiology, biostatistics, and research...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Jiaojiao Ren, Qunhong Wu, Yanhua Hao, Adamm Ferrier, Hong Sun, Ding Ding, Ning Ning, Yu Cui
BACKGROUND: To identify the weakest skill areas perceived by participants among key skills highly demanded during emergencies and to explore factors influencing the self-rated overall skill proficiency of public health emergency responders. METHODS: The participants were selected by a multistage, stratified cluster sampling method in Heilongjiang CDC to complete questionnaires that assessed their perceptions of health emergency response skills and techniques. A final sample of 1,740 staff members was obtained and analyzed...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Matthew J I Balmer, Kelum A A Gamage, Graeme C Taylor
PURPOSE: Having been overlooked for many years, research is now starting to take into account the directional distribution of neutron workplace fields. Existing neutron dosimetry instrumentation does not account for this directional distribution, resulting in conservative estimates of dose in neutron workplace fields (by around a factor of 2, although this is heavily dependent on the type of field). This conservatism could influence epidemiological studies on the health effects of radiation exposure...
November 2016: Medical Physics
Carlos Gómez Restrepo, Sergio Muñoz N, Alvaro J Ruiz, Fernando Lanas
The Latin American Clinical Epidemiology Network (LatinCLEN) was born in the nineties as a branch of the International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN). Clinical Epidemiology Units that made up this network in the region were initially composed of health professionals trained in Australia and North America. From these units, second and third generation training centers started to develop in the region, with the main purpose of introducing clinical research methodology and critical appraisal, as well as health economics and biostatistics...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Raminta Daniulaityte, Lu Chen, Francois R Lamy, Robert G Carlson, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit Sheth
BACKGROUND: To harness the full potential of social media for epidemiological surveillance of drug abuse trends, the field needs a greater level of automation in processing and analyzing social media content. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to describe the development of supervised machine-learning techniques for the eDrugTrends platform to automatically classify tweets by type/source of communication (personal, official/media, retail) and sentiment (positive, negative, neutral) expressed in cannabis- and synthetic cannabinoid-related tweets...
October 24, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Jérôme Casas, Claudio Lazzari, Teresita Insausti, Pascal Launois, Florence Fouque
Major emergency efforts are being mounted for each vector-borne disease epidemiological crisis anew, while knowledge about the biology of arthropods vectors is dwindling slowly but continuously, as is the number of field entomologists. The discrepancy between the rates of production of knowledge and its use and need for solving crises is widening, in particular due to the highly differing time spans of the two concurrent processes. A worldwide web based search using multiple key words and search engines of onsite and online courses in English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and German concerned with the biology of vectors identified over 140 courses...
November 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Lauren V Fortington, Dara M Twomey, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Head injuries, particularly concussion, are a major cause of concern in many sports, particularly the football codes, driving a need to better understand injury mechanisms and potential methods of prevention. The aim of this study was to describe the mechanisms and follow up care of concussion injuries sustained in adult male community Australian football to identify target areas for prevention and management. METHODS: Secondary analysis of injury data collected in a cluster randomised controlled trial in community Australian football across two states of Australia in 2007 and 2008...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Annamaria Conte, Peter Daniels, Maria Goffredo, Eileen Noel Ostlund, Alessio Di Lorenzo, Lara Savini, Susanna Tora, Baratang Alison Lubisi, Paolo Calistri, Rossana Bruno, Dario Di Sabatino, Carla Ippoliti, Federica Monaco, Peter P C Mertens, Alessio Lorusso, Andrea Capobianco, Alessandro Ripani, Nigel James MacLachlan, Giovanni Savini
Bluetongue (BT) is a mild to severe disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by the Bluetongue virus (BTV) and generally transmitted by Culicoides biting midges. Its occurrence also determines a livestock trade ban in affected countries with severe economic consequences on national and international trade. For this reason, in May 2011, the OIE encouraged the OIE Reference Laboratories to establish and maintain a BT network to provide expertise and training to the OIE and OIE Member Countries for BT diagnosis, surveillance and control...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Abdoul Salam Youssoufou Souley, Hamed Ould Mohamed Abdellah, Mehdi Khmamouche, Alwan Alsubari Naji, El Ouatassi Narjis Fouad Elasri, Karim Reda, Abdelbarre Oubaaz
The multiplicity of causes of uveitis makes diagnosis difficult. Determining epidemiological factors associated with uveitis allows better diagnostic orientation and facilitates therapeutic management. This is a retrospective study spanning four years from January 2012 to December 2015. We collected 105 cases with uveitis and studied its epidemiological, clinical and etiological aspects. The average age was 42 years, the most affected age group was 40-50 years. Men were more affected (57.14%) than women (42...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Brenda Finucane, Scott M Myers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychiatry is steadily moving toward a new conceptualization of brain disorders that blurs long-held diagnostic distinctions among neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions, including autism. Genomic discoveries are driving these changing perceptions, yet there has so far been minimal impact on traditional genetic counseling practices that continue to view autism through the lens of a dichotomous, all-or-none risk model. RECENT FINDINGS: High rates of comorbidity exist across autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, intellectual disability, and other brain-based disorders...
2016: Current Genetic Medicine Reports
Nyambe Sinyange, Ramya Kumar, Akatama Inambao, Loveness Moonde, Jonathan Chama, Mapopa Banda, Elliot Tembo, Beron Nsonga, John Mwaba, Sombo Fwoloshi, Kebby Musokotwane, Elizabeth Chizema, Muzala Kapin'a, Benard Mudenda Hang'ombe, Henry C Baggett, Lottie Hachaambwa
Outbreaks of plague have been recognized in Zambia since 1917 (1). On April 10, 2015, Zambia's Ministry of Health was notified by the Eastern Provincial Medical Office of possible bubonic plague cases in Nyimba District. Eleven patients with acute fever and cervical lymphadenopathy had been evaluated at two rural health centers during March 28-April 9, 2015; three patients died. To confirm the outbreak and develop control measures, the Zambia Ministry of Health's Field Epidemiology Training Program (ZFETP) conducted epidemiologic and laboratory investigations in partnership with the University of Zambia's schools of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine and the provincial and district medical offices...
August 12, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Praveen Kulkarni, B B Savitha Rani, D Sunil Kumar, Renuka Manjunath
INTRODUCTION: Demographic and epidemiological transitions have increased the life expectancy of people in India. This has resulted in higher burden of morbidities related to aging. The National Health programmes have focused mainly on the health of women in reproductive age groups and neglected their health thereafter. Thus, there is a need to explore the bio-social correlates of menopausal symptoms among women, which can influence their quality of life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted in the urban slum of Mysore for 3 months...
April 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Zhong-Jie Li, Wen-Xiao Tu, Xiao-Chun Wang, Guo-Qing Shi, Zun-Dong Yin, Hai-Jun Su, Tao Shen, Da-Peng Zhang, Jian-Dong Li, Shan Lv, Chun-Li Cao, Rui-Qian Xie, Hong-Zhou Lu, Rong-Meng Jiang, Zheng Cao, Zhi-Jie An, Lei-Lei Li, Jie Xu, Yan-Wen Xiong, Wei Zang, Wei Zhang, Hong-Wei Zhang, Wen-Sen Chen, Hua Ling, Wen Xu, Jian Cai, Huan-Jin Luo, Xue-Sheng Xing, Can-Jun Zheng, Qiang Wei, Xin-Xu Li, Mei Li, Hai Jiang, Li-Quan Deng, Ming-Quan Chen, Xiang Huo, Feng Xu, Xue-Hui Lai, Xi-Chen Bai, Long-Jie Ye, Jian-Yi Yao, Wen-Wu Yin, Jiao-Jin Sun, Lin Xiao, Fu-Qiang Liu, Xiao-Qiang Liu, Hong-Wei Fan, Zeng-Qiang Kou, Ji-Kun Zhou, Hao Zhang, Da-Xin Ni, Thomas T Samba, Qun Li, Hong-Jie Yu, Yu Wang, Xiao-Feng Liang
BACKGROUND: The Ebola virus disease spread rapidly in West Africa in 2014, leading to the loss of thousands of lives. Community engagement was one of the key strategies to interrupt Ebola transmission, and practical community level measures needed to be explored in the field and tailored to the specific context of communities. METHODS: First, community-level education on Ebola virus disease (EVD) prevention was launched for the community's social mobilizers in six districts in Sierra Leone beginning in November 2014...
August 5, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Ibrahim Arziman
Disasters cause an acute deterioration in all stages of life. An area affected by the disaster in which the normal activities of life are disrupted is described as a "Field" in disaster terminology. Although it is not easy to define the borders of this zone, the area where there is normally functioning society is accepted as the boundary. Disaster management is the responsibility of the local government. However, in many large disaster responses many non-governmental and international organizations play a role...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
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