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Field epidemiology training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885965/olecranon-bursitis-in-a-military-population-epidemiology-and-evidence-for-prolonged-morbidity-in-combat-recruits
#1
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Oleg Dolkart, Eran Maman, Assaf Kadar, Ofir Chechik
INTRODUCTION: Olecranon bursitis (OB) is a benign but disturbing condition that may adversely affect a military recruit's combat preparedness. This study was designed to assess incidence, risk factors, and associated medical burden of OB in the Israel Defense Forces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study drawing on medical records of all Israel Defense Forces soldiers diagnosed as having OB between 2005 and 2015. OB was classified as septic and noninfectious...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838192/the-global-polio-laboratory-network-as-a-platform-for-the-viral-vaccine-preventable-and-emerging-diseases-laboratory-networks
#2
Ousmane M Diop, Olen M Kew, Esther M de Gourville, Mark A Pallansch
The Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN) began building in the late 1980s on a 3-tiered structure of 146 laboratories with different and complementary technical and support capacities (poliovirus isolation, molecular strain characterization including sequencing, quality assurance, and research). The purpose of this network is to provide timely and accurate laboratory results to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Deeply integrated with field case-based surveillance, it ultimately provides molecular epidemiological data from polioviruses used to inform programmatic and immunization activities...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836039/fully-automated-left-ventricular-mass-and-volume-mri-analysis-in-the-uk-biobank-population-cohort-evaluation-of-initial-results
#3
Avan Suinesiaputra, Mihir M Sanghvi, Nay Aung, Jose Miguel Paiva, Filip Zemrak, Kenneth Fung, Elena Lukaschuk, Aaron M Lee, Valentina Carapella, Young Jin Kim, Jane Francis, Stefan K Piechnik, Stefan Neubauer, Andreas Greiser, Marie-Pierre Jolly, Carmel Hayes, Alistair A Young, Steffen E Petersen
UK Biobank, a large cohort study, plans to acquire 100,000 cardiac MRI studies by 2020. Although fully-automated left ventricular (LV) analysis was performed in the original acquisition, this was not designed for unsupervised incorporation into epidemiological studies. We sought to evaluate automated LV mass and volume (Siemens syngo InlineVF versions D13A and E11C), against manual analysis in a substantial sub-cohort of UK Biobank participants. Eight readers from two centers, trained to give consistent results, manually analyzed 4874 UK Biobank cases for LV end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), stroke volume (SV), ejection fraction (EF) and LV mass (LVM)...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800758/validation-of-verbal-autopsy-determination-of-cause-of-deaths-in-malaysia-2013
#4
Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Khoo Yi Yi, Mohd Azahadi Omar, Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar, Chandrika Jeevananthan, Chalapati Rao
BACKGROUND: Mortality statistics by age, sex and cause are the foundation of basic health data required for health status assessment, epidemiological research and formation of health policy. Close to half the deaths in Malaysia occur outside a health facility, are not attended by medical personnel, and are given a lay opinion as to the cause of death, leading to poor quality of data from vital registration. Verbal autopsy (VA) is a very useful tool in diagnosing broad causes of deaths for events that occur outside health facilities...
August 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774162/direction-of-restructuring-the-field-epidemiology-training-program-in-korea
#5
Moo Sik Lee, Kwan Lee, Jee-Hyuk Park, Jee-Young Hong, Min-Young Jang, Byoung-Hak Jeon, Sang-Yun Cho, Sun-Ja Choi, JeongIk Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766560/radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-in-everyday-microenvironments-in-europe-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Sanjay Sagar, Stefan Dongus, Anna Schoeni, Katharina Roser, Marloes Eeftens, Benjamin Struchen, Milena Foerster, Noëmi Meier, Seid Adem, Martin Röösli
The impact of the introduction and advancement in communication technology in recent years on exposure level of the population is largely unknown. The main aim of this study is to systematically review literature on the distribution of radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure in the everyday environment in Europe and summarize key characteristics of various types of RF-EMF studies conducted in the European countries. We systematically searched the ISI Web of Science for relevant literature published between 1 January 2000 and 30 April 2015, which assessed RF-EMF exposure levels by any of the methods: spot measurements, personal measurement with trained researchers and personal measurement with volunteers...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754160/a-school-based-epidemiological-field-survey-difficulties-in-collecting-psychiatric-outcome-data-in-a-middle-income-country
#7
T M Fidalgo, Z M Sanchez, M Ribeiro, S R Healy, S C Caetano, S S Martins
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) face a lack of epidemiological data. The development of high-quality surveys is a key research priority in countries such as Brazil. Our aim is to discuss the difficulties in conducting a longitudinal epidemiological survey in a pilot study of a school-based sample in São Paulo. METHODS: Data came from a cohort of school-attending adolescents in two neighborhoods with different levels of urbanicity in São Paulo...
July 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721667/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-mih-training-manual-for-clinical-field-surveys-and-practice
#8
A Ghanim, M J Silva, M E C Elfrink, N A Lygidakis, R J Mariño, K L Weerheijm, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Despite clear assessment criteria, studies of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) and hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) are marked by inconsistency in outcome measurements. This has detracted from meaningful comparisons between studies and limited interpretation. AIM: To provide a comprehensive manual as a companion to assist researchers in planning epidemiological studies of MIH and HSPM, with particular reference to outcome measurement...
July 18, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721177/antiretroviral-therapy-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-clients-in-gweru-city-zimbabwe-2006-2011-a-cohort-analysis
#9
Gerald Shambira, Notion Tafara Gombe, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong
The government of Zimbabwe began providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in public institutions in 2004. In Midlands province two clinics constituted the most active HIV care service points, with patients being followed up through a comprehensive patient monitoring and tracking system which captured specific patient variables and outcomes over time. The data from 2006 to 2011 were subjected to analysis to answer specific research questions and this case study is based on that analysis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721175/conducting-a-surveillance-problem-analysis-on-poor-feedback-from-reference-laboratory-liberia-february-2016
#10
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Thomas Knue Nagbe
The laboratory plays a major role in surveillance, including confirming the start and end of an outbreak. Knowing the causative agent for an outbreak informs the development of response strategies and management plans for a public health event. However, issues and challenges may arise that limit the effectiveness or efficiency of laboratories in surveillance. This case study applies a systematic approach to analyse gaps in laboratory surveillance, thereby improving the ability to mitigate these gaps. Although this case study concentrates on factors resulting in poor feedback from the laboratory, practise of this general approach to problem analysis will confer skills required in analysing most public health issues...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721174/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#11
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Thomas Knue Nagbe
Public health officials depend on timely, complete, and accurate surveillance data for decision making. The quality of data generated from surveillance is highly dependent on external and internal factors which may either impede or enhance surveillance activities. One way of identifying challenges affecting the quality of data generated is to conduct a data quality audit. This case study, based on an audit conducted by residents of the Liberia Frontline Field Epidemiology Training Program, was designed to be a classroom simulation of a data quality audit in a health facility...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721173/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#12
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Thomas Knue Nagbe
An essential component of a public health surveillance system is its ability to detect priority diseases which fall within the mandate of public health officials at all levels. Early detection, reporting and response to public health events help to reduce the burden of mortality and morbidity on communities. Analysis of reliable surveillance data provides relevant information which can enable implementation of timely and appropriate public health interventions. To ensure that a resilient system is in place, the World Health Organization (WHO) has provided guidelines for detection, reporting and response to public health events in the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721172/contact-tracing-following-outbreak-of-ebola-virus-disease-in-urban-settings-in-nigeria
#13
Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole, Mahmood Muazu Dalhat, Meeyoung Park, Casey Daniel Hall, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi
An outbreak of Ebola virus disease occurred in Nigeria between July and September 2014. Contact tracing commenced in Lagos, and extended to Port Harcourt and Enugu as the outbreak continued to spread. A total of 899 contacts were traced. Contact tracing enhanced immediate identification of symptomatic contacts, some of whom eventually became cases. Contact tracing could be challenging in urban cities. However, use of electronic technology, adequate logistics, and highly skilled personnel enhanced the tracing of contacts to facilitate the successful containment of the outbreak...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721169/investigating-an-outbreak-of-measles-in-margibi-county-liberia-october-2015
#14
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Casey Daniel Hall, Thomas Knue Nagbe
The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases highlights the need to have well-trained field epidemiologists who will be at the forefront in the fight against these diseases, especially during an outbreak. Training for outbreak investigation is most effective when participants can develop their competencies in a practical exercise. To that end, this case study was based on a measles outbreak investigation conducted in Liberia during October 2015 by Liberia Frontline Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) residents, simulating steps to perform outbreak investigation in a real-life situation as a field epidemiologist...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721168/cholera-outbreak-in-homa-bay-county-kenya-2015
#15
Jane Njoki Githuku, Waqo Gufu Boru, Casey Daniel Hall, Zeinab Gura, Elvis Oyugi, Rogath Saika Kishimba, Innocent Semali, Ghada Nadim Farhat, Meeyoung Mattie Park
Cholera is among the re-emerging diseases in Kenya. Beginning in December 2014, a persistent outbreak occurred involving 29 out of the 47 countries. Homa Bay County in Western Kenya was among the first counties to report cholera cases from January to April 2015. This case study is based on an outbreak investigation conducted by FELTP residents in Homa Bay County in February 2015. It simulates an outbreak investigation including laboratory confirmation, active case finding, descriptive epidemiology and implementation of control measures...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674588/four-years-into-the-indian-ocean-field-epidemiology-training-programme
#16
Ariane Halm, Thomas Seyler, Sainda Mohamed, Saindou Ben Ali Mbaé, Armand Eugène Randrianarivo-Solofoniaina, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Ram Nundlall, Shahina Aboobakar, Jastin Bibi, Laurent Filleul, Patrice Piola, Harimahefa Razafimandimby, Harena Rasamoelina, Marta Valenciano, Alain Moren, Eric Cardinale, Richard Lepec, Loïc Flachet
INTRODUCTION: Following the 2005-6 chikungunya outbreak, a project to strengthen regional Public Health preparedness in the Indian Ocean was implemented. It includes the Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion (France) and Seychelles. A Field Epidemiology Training Programme (FETP-OI) was started in 2011 to develop a pool of well-trained intervention epidemiologists. METHODS: The FETP-OI consists of two years of supervised, learning-by-doing, on-the-job training at national sites involved in disease surveillance and response...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673048/taming-the-beast-a-community-teaching-material-resource-for-beast-2
#17
Joëlle Barido-Sottani, Veronika Bošková, Louis du Plessis, Denise Kühnert, Carsten Magnus, Venelin Mitov, Nicola F Müller, Julija Pecerska, David A Rasmussen, Chi Zhang, Alexei J Drummond, Tracy A Heath, Oliver G Pybus, Timothy G Vaughan, Tanja Stadler
Phylogenetics and phylodynamics are central topics in modern evolutionary biology. Phylogenetic methods reconstruct the evolutionary relationships among organisms, whereas phylodynamic approaches reveal the underlying diversification processes that lead to the observed relationships. These two fields have many practical applications in disciplines as diverse as epidemiology, developmental biology, palaeontology, ecology, and linguistics. The combination of increasingly large genetic datasets and increases in computing power is facilitating the development of more sophisticated phylogenetic and phylodynamic methods...
June 29, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607940/orthopaedic-resident-preparation-and-confidence-in-treating-on-field-injuries
#18
Jonathan D Hodax, Andrew D Sobel, Steven DeFroda, Alison B Chambers, Michael J Hulstyn
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgery residents may cover athletic events, although the training provided to prepare residents for this role and oversight from attending physicians during these activities is not well understood. PURPOSE: To survey orthopaedic residents about the training provided by their residency program for on-field athletic coverage and to understand their levels of preparation for this role and confidence in treating commonly encountered on-field conditions...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586281/opioid-vs-nonopioid-prescribers-variations-in-care-for-a-standardized-acute-back-pain-case
#19
Kathleen Hanley, Sondra Zabar, Lisa Altshuler, Hillary Lee, Jasmine Ross, Nicomedes Rivera, Christian Marvilli, Colleen Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Opioid analgesics are effective and appropriate therapy for many types of acute pain. Epidemiologic evidence supports a direct relationship between increased opioid prescribing and increases in opioid use disorders and overdoses. OBJECTIVE: To tailor our residency curriculum, we designed and fielded an unannounced standardized patient (USP) case involving a patient with acute back pain who is requesting Vicodin (5/325 mg). We describe residents' case management and examine whether their management decisions, including opioid prescribing, were related to their core clinical skills...
July 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562486/diagnostics-and-laboratory-role-in-outbreaks
#20
Francesca Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review describes the investigative benefits of traditional and novel molecular epidemiology techniques, while acknowledging the limitations faced by clinical laboratories seeking to implement these methods. RECENT FINDINGS: Pulse-field gel electrophoresis and other traditional techniques remain powerful tools in outbreak investigations and continue to be used by multiple groups. Newer techniques such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass-spectrometry and whole genome sequencing show great promise...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
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