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Field epidemiology training

Guangyu Lu, Yaobao Liu, Jinsong Wang, Xiangming Li, Xing Liu, Claudia Beiersmann, Yu Feng, Jun Cao, Olaf Müller
BACKGROUND: Continuous training of health workers is a key intervention to maintain their good performance and keep their vigilance during malaria elimination programmes. However, countries progressing toward malaria elimination have a largely decreased malaria disease burden, less frequent exposure of health workers to malaria patients, and new challenges in the epidemiology of the remaining malaria cases. Moreover, competing health priorities and usually a decline in resources and in political commitment also pose challenges to the elimination programme...
February 23, 2018: Malaria Journal
Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Ann M Holmes, Joanna R Jackson, Brittany L Brown-Podgorski, Nir Menachemi
OBJECTIVES: Given the call for more interdisciplinary research in public health, the objectives of this study were to (1) examine the correlates of interdisciplinary dissertation completion and (2) identify secondary fields most common among interdisciplinary public health graduates. METHODS: We analyzed pooled cross-sectional data from 11 120 doctoral graduates in the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2003-2015. The primary outcome was interdisciplinary dissertation completion...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Chiara De Waure, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Andrea Poscia, Walter Ricciardi
Italy is witnessing relevant challenges in the field of prevention and control of vaccine-preventable diseases. The worrying and growing phenomenon of "vaccine-hesitancy" has contributed to the reduction of vaccination coverage, undermining goals reached thanks to vaccines introduction. The new Italian National Immunization Plan (NIP) 2017-2019 and the update of the list of Essential Care Levels (LEA), approved in the current year, extend the vaccination offer based on the latest scientific evidence with the introduction of new vaccines and the enlargement of target population...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Victor Laville, Christophe Lebleu, Christophe Desterke, Pierre Mornand, Luc Aigle, Emmanuel Hornez
BACKGROUND: French military physicians serving in deployment are confronted with pediatric polytrauma patients (PPP) during the provision of medical aid to civilian populations. The objectives of this study were to describe the current care of PPPs during these missions, to report difficulties encountered and to evaluate the training of doctors for management of PPPs in the field. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological study based on a questionnaire sent to physicians who had been deployed overseas...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Daisuke Sato, Naoki Yoshinaga, Eiichi Nagai, Hideki Hanaoka, Yasunori Sato, Eiji Shimizu
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia has severe consequences for health. Primary care physicians in Japan commonly provide hypnotics, which is far from optimal. The recommended treatment for insomnia is cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). Access to trained therapists, however, is limited. Rather than face-to-face CBT, several researchers have studied internet-delivered computerised CBT (ICBT). This paper describes the study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate effectiveness and feasibility of our newly developed five-step ICBT as an adjunct to usual care (UC) compared with UC alone for patients with insomnia who remain symptomatic following hypnotics...
January 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Moo Sik Lee, Eun-Young Kim, Sang-Won Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
Emily D'Agostino
Epidemiology instruction has expanded at the undergraduate level in part because it increases student critical thinking and scientific literacy, promotes students' perception of public health as both practical and relevant, and empowers students as independent, lifelong learners. Why then are more high schools not adopting epidemiology as a course requirement for students? Although prior iterations of high school epidemiology courses are noteworthy for incorporating active and participatory learning, embedding them into existing and continually shifting curricula is challenging and time-consuming, especially for teachers not trained in the field...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Mageshbabu Ramamurthy, Sathish Sankar, Rajesh Kannangai, Balaji Nandagopal, Gopalan Sridharan
This review is focused at exploring the strengths of modern technology driven data compiled in the areas of virus gene sequencing, virus protein structures and their implication to viral diagnosis and therapy. The information for virome analysis (viromics) is generated by the study of viral genomes (entire nucleotide sequence) and viral genes (coding for protein). Presently, the study of viral infectious diseases in terms of etiopathogenesis and development of newer therapeutics is undergoing rapid changes...
December 2017: Virusdisease
Giovanna Ciaravino, Patricia Ibarra, Ester Casal, Sergi Lopez, Josep Espluga, Jordi Casal, Sebastian Napp, Alberto Allepuz
The effectiveness of health interventions against bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is influenced by several " non-biological " factors that may hamper bTB detection and control. Although the engagement of stakeholders is a key factor for the eradication programme's success, social factors have been often ignored in the control programmes of animal diseases, especially in developed countries. In this study, we used a qualitative approach to investigate perceptions, opinions, attitudes, and beliefs of farmers, and veterinarians who may influence the effectiveness of the Spanish bTB eradication programme...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
M Lafuente-Hidalgo, J Lopez-Pison, M C Garcia-Jimenez, R Ranz-Angulo, P Roncales-Samanes, S Beltran-Garcia, J L Pena-Segura
AIM: To determine the characteristics of the demand for health care in hereditary-metabolic diseases in a Spanish tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study involving a review of the epidemiological data, reasons for visiting, diagnoses and complementary studies of the patients treated by a metabolic disease unit over a period of 6 years and 11 months. RESULTS: Altogether 1012 patients were evaluated...
December 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
Richard W Willy
Running-related injuries are common and are associated with a high rate of reoccurrence. Biomechanics and errors in applied training loads are often cited as causes of running-related injuries. Clinicians and runners are beginning to utilize wearable technologies to quantify biomechanics and training loads with the hope of reducing the incidence of running-related injuries. Wearable devices can objectively assess biomechanics and training loads in runners, yet guidelines for their use by clinicians and runners are not currently available...
January 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Abdullah H Baqui, Rasheda Khanam, Mohammad Sayedur Rahman, Aziz Ahmed, Hasna Hena Rahman, Mamun Ibne Moin, Salahuddin Ahmed, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Nisar, Atiya Hussain, Muhammad Ilyas, Aneeta Hotwani, Muhammad Sajid, Shahida Qureshi, Anita Zaidi, Sunil Sazawal, Said M Ali, Saikat Deb, Mohammed Hamad Juma, Usha Dhingra, Arup Dutta, Shaali Makame Ame, Caroline Hayward, Igor Rudan, Mike Zangenberg, Donna Russell, Sachiyo Yoshida, Ozren Polašek, Alexander Manu, Rajiv Bahl
Objectives: The AMANHI study aims to seek for biomarkers as predictors of important pregnancy-related outcomes, and establish a biobank in developing countries for future research as new methods and technologies become available. Methods: AMANHI is using harmonised protocols to enrol 3000 women in early pregnancies (8-19 weeks of gestation) for population-based follow-up in pregnancy up to 42 days postpartum in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Tanzania, with collection taking place between August 2014 and June 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
Virginia Senkomago, Denise Duran, Anagha Loharikar, Terri B Hyde, Lauri E Markowitz, Elizabeth R Unger, Mona Saraiya
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates are high, particularly in developing countries. Most cervical cancers can be prevented by human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, screening, and timely treatment. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides global technical assistance for implementation and evaluation of HPV vaccination pilot projects and programs and laboratory-related HPV activities to assess HPV vaccines. CDC collaborates with global partners to develop global cervical cancer screening recommendations and manuals, implement screening, create standardized evaluation tools, and provide expertise to monitor outcomes...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Donna S Jones, Richard C Dicker, Robert E Fontaine, Amy L Boore, Jared O Omolo, Rana J Ashgar, Henry C Baggett
More than ever, competent field epidemiologists are needed worldwide. As known, new, and resurgent communicable diseases increase their global impact, the International Health Regulations and the Global Health Security Agenda call for sufficient field epidemiologic capacity in every country to rapidly detect, respond to, and contain public health emergencies, thereby ensuring global health security. To build this capacity, for >35 years the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has worked with countries around the globe to develop Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs)...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
A McKenzie André, Augusto Lopez, Samantha Perkins, Stephanie Lambert, Lesley Chace, Nestor Noudeke, Aissatou Fall, Biagio Pedalino
Since 1980, Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) have trained highly qualified field epidemiologists to work for ministries of health (MOH) around the world. However, the 2013-2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, which primarily affected Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, demonstrated a lack of field epidemiologists at the local levels. Trained epidemiologists at these levels could have detected the Ebola outbreak earlier. In 2015, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched FETP-Frontline, a 3-month field training program targeting local MOH staff in 24 countries to augment local public health capacity...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Victor M Cáceres, Sekou Sidibe, McKenzie Andre, Denise Traicoff, Stephanie Lambert, Melanie King, Ditu Kazambu, Augusto Lopez, Biagio Pedalino, Dionisio J Herrera Guibert, Peter Wassawa, Placido Cardoso, Bernard Assi, Alioune Ly, Bouyagui Traore, Frederick J Angulo, Linda Quick
The 2014-2015 epidemic of Ebola virus disease in West Africa primarily affected Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Several countries, including Mali, Nigeria, and Senegal, experienced Ebola importations. Realizing the importance of a trained field epidemiology workforce in neighboring countries to respond to Ebola importations, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Field Epidemiology Training Program unit implemented the Surveillance Training for Ebola Preparedness (STEP) initiative. STEP was a mentored, competency-based initiative to rapidly build up surveillance capacity along the borders of the at-risk neighboring countries Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Senegal, and Guinea-Bissau...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Stanley Juin, Nicolas Schaad, Donald Lafontant, Gerard A Joseph, Ezra Barzilay, Jacques Boncy, Robert Barrais, Frantz Jean Louis, Nadia Lapierre Jean Charles, Salomon Corvil, Nickolsno Barthelemy, Amber Dismer, Jean Samuel Pierre, Roodly W Archer, Mayer Antoine, Barbara Marston, Mark Katz, Patrick Dely, Paul Adrien, David L Fitter, David Lowrance, Roopal Patel
Haiti's health system has faced many challenges over the years, with competing health priorities in the context of chronic financial and human resource limitations. As a result, the existing notifiable disease surveillance system was unable to provide the most basic epidemiologic data for public health decision-making and action. In the wake of the January 2010 earthquake, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population collaborated with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Pan American Health Organization, and other local and international partners to implement a functional national surveillance system...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
B L Massoudi, K G Chester
Objectives: To survey advances in public and population health and epidemiology informatics over the past 18 months. Methods: We conducted a review of English-language research works conducted in the domain of public and population health informatics and published in MEDLINE or Web of Science between January 2015 and June 2016 where information technology or informatics was a primary subject or main component of the study methodology. Selected articles were presented using a thematic analysis based on the 2011 American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) Public Health Informatics Agenda tracks as a typology...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Damian Hoy, A Mark Durand, Thane Hancock, Haley L Cash, Kate Hardie, Beverley Paterson, Yvette Paulino, Paul White, Tony Merritt, Dawn Fitzgibbons, Sameer Vali Gopalani, James Flint, Onofre Edwin A Merilles, Mina Kashiwabara, Viema Biaukula, Christelle Lepers, Yvan Souares, Eric Nilles, Anaseini Batikawai, Sevil Huseynova, Mahomed Patel, Salanieta T Saketa, David Durrheim, Alden Henderson, Adam Roth
PROBLEM: The Pacific region has widely dispersed populations, limited financial and human resources and a high burden of disease. There is an urgent need to improve the availability, reliability and timeliness of useable health data. CONTEXT: The purpose of this paper is to share lessons learnt from a three-year pilot field epidemiology training programme that was designed to respond to these Pacific health challenges. The pilot programme built on and further developed an existing field epidemiology training programme for Pacific health staff...
July 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Gila Neta, Ross C Brownson, David A Chambers
The field of epidemiology has been defined as the study of the spread and control of disease. However, epidemiology frequently focuses on studies of etiology and distribution of disease at the cost of understanding the best ways to control disease. Moreover, only a small fraction of scientific discoveries is translated into public health practice, and the process from discovery to translation is exceedingly slow. Given the importance of translational science, the future of epidemiologic training should include competency in implementation science, whose goal is to rapidly move evidence into practice...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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