Read by QxMD icon Read

Field epidemiology training

Jérôme Casas, Claudio Lazzari, Teresita Insausti, Pascal Launois, Florence Fouque
Major emergency efforts are being mounted for each vector-borne disease epidemiological crisis anew, while knowledge about the biology of arthropods vectors is dwindling slowly but continuously, as is the number of field entomologists. The discrepancy between the rates of production of knowledge and its use and need for solving crises is widening, in particular due to the highly differing time spans of the two concurrent processes. A worldwide web based search using multiple key words and search engines of onsite and online courses in English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and German concerned with the biology of vectors identified over 140 courses...
October 13, 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Lauren V Fortington, Dara M Twomey, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Head injuries, particularly concussion, are a major cause of concern in many sports, particularly the football codes, driving a need to better understand injury mechanisms and potential methods of prevention. The aim of this study was to describe the mechanisms and follow up care of concussion injuries sustained in adult male community Australian football to identify target areas for prevention and management. METHODS: Secondary analysis of injury data collected in a cluster randomised controlled trial in community Australian football across two states of Australia in 2007 and 2008...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Annamaria Conte, Peter Daniels, Maria Goffredo, Eileen Noel Ostlund, Alessio Di Lorenzo, Lara Savini, Susanna Tora, Baratang Alison Lubisi, Paolo Calistri, Rossana Bruno, Dario Di Sabatino, Carla Ippoliti, Federica Monaco, Peter P C Mertens, Alessio Lorusso, Andrea Capobianco, Alessandro Ripani, Nigel James MacLachlan, Giovanni Savini
Bluetongue (BT) is a mild to severe disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by the Bluetongue virus (BTV) and generally transmitted by Culicoides biting midges. Its occurrence also determines a livestock trade ban in affected countries with severe economic consequences on national and international trade. For this reason, in May 2011, the OIE encouraged the OIE Reference Laboratories to establish and maintain a BT network to provide expertise and training to the OIE and OIE Member Countries for BT diagnosis, surveillance and control...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Abdoul Salam Youssoufou Souley, Hamed Ould Mohamed Abdellah, Mehdi Khmamouche, Alwan Alsubari Naji, El Ouatassi Narjis Fouad Elasri, Karim Reda, Abdelbarre Oubaaz
The multiplicity of causes of uveitis makes diagnosis difficult. Determining epidemiological factors associated with uveitis allows better diagnostic orientation and facilitates therapeutic management. This is a retrospective study spanning four years from January 2012 to December 2015. We collected 105 cases with uveitis and studied its epidemiological, clinical and etiological aspects. The average age was 42 years, the most affected age group was 40-50 years. Men were more affected (57.14%) than women (42...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Brenda Finucane, Scott M Myers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychiatry is steadily moving toward a new conceptualization of brain disorders that blurs long-held diagnostic distinctions among neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions, including autism. Genomic discoveries are driving these changing perceptions, yet there has so far been minimal impact on traditional genetic counseling practices that continue to view autism through the lens of a dichotomous, all-or-none risk model. RECENT FINDINGS: High rates of comorbidity exist across autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, intellectual disability, and other brain-based disorders...
2016: Current Genetic Medicine Reports
Nyambe Sinyange, Ramya Kumar, Akatama Inambao, Loveness Moonde, Jonathan Chama, Mapopa Banda, Elliot Tembo, Beron Nsonga, John Mwaba, Sombo Fwoloshi, Kebby Musokotwane, Elizabeth Chizema, Muzala Kapin'a, Benard Mudenda Hang'ombe, Henry C Baggett, Lottie Hachaambwa
Outbreaks of plague have been recognized in Zambia since 1917 (1). On April 10, 2015, Zambia's Ministry of Health was notified by the Eastern Provincial Medical Office of possible bubonic plague cases in Nyimba District. Eleven patients with acute fever and cervical lymphadenopathy had been evaluated at two rural health centers during March 28-April 9, 2015; three patients died. To confirm the outbreak and develop control measures, the Zambia Ministry of Health's Field Epidemiology Training Program (ZFETP) conducted epidemiologic and laboratory investigations in partnership with the University of Zambia's schools of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine and the provincial and district medical offices...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Praveen Kulkarni, B B Savitha Rani, D Sunil Kumar, Renuka Manjunath
INTRODUCTION: Demographic and epidemiological transitions have increased the life expectancy of people in India. This has resulted in higher burden of morbidities related to aging. The National Health programmes have focused mainly on the health of women in reproductive age groups and neglected their health thereafter. Thus, there is a need to explore the bio-social correlates of menopausal symptoms among women, which can influence their quality of life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted in the urban slum of Mysore for 3 months...
April 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Zhong-Jie Li, Wen-Xiao Tu, Xiao-Chun Wang, Guo-Qing Shi, Zun-Dong Yin, Hai-Jun Su, Tao Shen, Da-Peng Zhang, Jian-Dong Li, Shan Lv, Chun-Li Cao, Rui-Qian Xie, Hong-Zhou Lu, Rong-Meng Jiang, Zheng Cao, Zhi-Jie An, Lei-Lei Li, Jie Xu, Yan-Wen Xiong, Wei Zang, Wei Zhang, Hong-Wei Zhang, Wen-Sen Chen, Hua Ling, Wen Xu, Jian Cai, Huan-Jin Luo, Xue-Sheng Xing, Can-Jun Zheng, Qiang Wei, Xin-Xu Li, Mei Li, Hai Jiang, Li-Quan Deng, Ming-Quan Chen, Xiang Huo, Feng Xu, Xue-Hui Lai, Xi-Chen Bai, Long-Jie Ye, Jian-Yi Yao, Wen-Wu Yin, Jiao-Jin Sun, Lin Xiao, Fu-Qiang Liu, Xiao-Qiang Liu, Hong-Wei Fan, Zeng-Qiang Kou, Ji-Kun Zhou, Hao Zhang, Da-Xin Ni, Thomas T Samba, Qun Li, Hong-Jie Yu, Yu Wang, Xiao-Feng Liang
BACKGROUND: The Ebola virus disease spread rapidly in West Africa in 2014, leading to the loss of thousands of lives. Community engagement was one of the key strategies to interrupt Ebola transmission, and practical community level measures needed to be explored in the field and tailored to the specific context of communities. METHODS: First, community-level education on Ebola virus disease (EVD) prevention was launched for the community's social mobilizers in six districts in Sierra Leone beginning in November 2014...
2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Ibrahim Arziman
Disasters cause an acute deterioration in all stages of life. An area affected by the disaster in which the normal activities of life are disrupted is described as a "Field" in disaster terminology. Although it is not easy to define the borders of this zone, the area where there is normally functioning society is accepted as the boundary. Disaster management is the responsibility of the local government. However, in many large disaster responses many non-governmental and international organizations play a role...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lucy Breakwell, A Russell Gerber, Ashley L Greiner, Deborah L Hastings, Kelsey Mirkovic, Magdalena M Paczkowski, Sekou Sidibe, James Banaski, Chastity L Walker, Jennifer C Brooks, Victor M Caceres, Ray R Arthur, Frederick J Angulo
In the late summer of 2014, it became apparent that improved preparedness was needed for Ebola virus disease (Ebola) in at-risk countries surrounding the three highly affected West African countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia). The World Health Organization (WHO) identified 14 nearby African countries as high priority to receive technical assistance for Ebola preparedness; two additional African countries were identified at high risk for Ebola introduction because of travel and trade connections. To enhance the capacity of these countries to rapidly detect and contain Ebola, CDC established the High-Risk Countries Team (HRCT) to work with ministries of health, CDC country offices, WHO, and other international organizations...
2016: MMWR Supplements
Richard A Krasuski, Thomas M Bashore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2016: Circulation
Nicola Maffei, Gabriele Guidi, Claudio Vecchi, Alberto Ciarmatori, Giovanni Gottardi, Bruno Meduri, Elisa D'Angelo, Alessio Bruni, Ercole Mazzeo, Silvia Pratissoli, Patrizia Giacobazzi, Giuseppe Baldazzi, Frank Lohr, Tiziana Costi
PURPOSE: A susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) epidemic model was applied to radiation therapy (RT) treatments to predict morphological variations in head and neck (H&N) anatomy. METHODS: 360 daily MVCT images of 12 H&N patients treated by tomotherapy were analyzed in this retrospective study. Deformable image registration (DIR) algorithms, mesh grids, and structure recontouring, implemented in the RayStation treatment planning system (TPS), were applied to assess the daily organ warping...
July 2016: Medical Physics
Durga Prasanna Misra, Vikas Agarwal, Vir Singh Negi
India is home to the world's second largest population. Rheumatology is an emerging specialty in India. We reviewed organization, epidemiology and training facilities for Rheumatology in India. Also, we also looked at publications in the field of rheumatology from India from over the past six years using Scopus and Medline databases. Despite rheumatologic disorders affecting 6%-24% of the population, rheumatology in India is still in its infancy. Till recently, there were as few as two centers in the country training less than five fellows per year...
July 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Melinda S Yates, Shine Chang, Hwa-Young Lee, Jessica Faupel-Badger, Carrie Cameron
The field of cancer prevention incorporates research all along the spectrum from basic science studies at the laboratory bench to epidemiology, behavioral sciences, and clinical studies, with the convergence of evidence from these different approaches aimed at implementing public health interventions that reduce the burden of this disease. Due to the necessity of multiple disciplines interacting in order to achieve a public health outcome, traditional discipline-specific training may not be adequately preparing the cancer prevention research workforce...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Jean Baptiste Kakoma
The area of Human Resources for Health (HRH) is the most critical challenge for the achievement of health related development goals in countries with limited resources. This is even exacerbated in a post conflict environment like Rwanda. The aim of this commentary is to report and share the genesis and outcomes of an exciting experience about training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health as well as setting - up of a research culture for the last nine years (2006 - 2014) in Rwanda. Many initiatives have been taken and concerned among others training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Michael W Marcus, Olaide Y Raji, Stephen W Duffy, Robert P Young, Raewyn J Hopkins, John K Field
Incorporation of genetic variants such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) into risk prediction models may account for a substantial fraction of attributable disease risk. Genetic data, from 2385 subjects recruited into the Liverpool Lung Project (LLP) between 2000 and 2008, consisting of 20 SNPs independently validated in a candidate-gene discovery study was used. Multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) and random forest (RF) were used to explore evidence of epistasis among 20 replicated SNPs. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify similar risk predictors for lung cancer in the LLP risk model for the epidemiological model and extended model with SNPs...
July 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Michael J Toole
BACKGROUND: The high number of postgraduate global health courses, websites such as Global Health Gateway, annual conferences such as the Global Ideas Forum, and global health interest groups in all 20 Australian medical schools are indicators of increased interest among Australian doctors in working overseas. OBJECTIVE: This article provides an overview of the health situation in low-income and middle-income countries, and summarises current approaches to improving the health of those living in countries with a developing economy...
January 2016: Australian Family Physician
Benjamin R Parker, Shepard Hurwitz, Jeffrey Spang, Robert Creighton, Ganesh Kamath
BACKGROUND: The indications and criteria for meniscal repair are expanding in parallel with new understanding in biomechanics, joint pathophysiology, and increased physician education. PURPOSE: To describe the practice patterns of arthroscopic meniscal treatment in recent years, compare the trends of arthroscopic meniscal repair versus arthroscopic meniscectomy, and compare sports fellowship-trained versus non-sports fellowship-trained surgeons in terms of arthroscopic meniscal treatment techniques among American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) candidates from 2004 to 2012...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jennifer A Horney, Sanjana Bamrara, Maria Lazo Macik, Melissa Shehane
BACKGROUND: Although public health degree programs typically require practica and other field experiences, service-learning courses, with a focus on civic engagement and the application of classroom learning in real world settings, can go beyond these requirements and provide benefits to students and community-based practice partners. The goal of this paper is to assess potential benefits of service-learning programs for both graduate-level public health students and state and local public health agency partners...
January 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
D Gansefort, I Jahn
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiology is the basic science of Public Health and has to provide high-quality scientific evidence for disease prevention and health care. Sex/Gender, as social and biological structure categories of population, play a central role in the analysis of epidemiological data. Whether and how epidemiologists incorporate sex/gender aspects in their research, their attitudes, needs and requirements they have in this context have hardly been investigated. These questions were addressed in a survey of epidemiologists in Germany...
July 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"