keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905696/the-curative-effect-of-early-use-of-enteral-immunonutrition-in-postoperative-gastric-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#1
Hu Qiang, Lu Hang, Sun Y Shui
INTRODUCTION: It's uncertain about the clinical efficacy which early enteral immunonutrition in postoperative gastric cancer patients,and this study attempts to assess its clinical efficacy. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Use the search engine database incuding the Pubmed,the Cochrane library, Web of Science, Medline,and Embase,which there are comparative studies of early efficacy of enteral immune nutrition and standard enteral nutrition after gastric cancer operation.According to the studies,we use the RevMan 5...
December 1, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905104/biomarkers-of-folate-and-vitamin-b12-and-breast-cancer-risk-report-from-the-epic-cohort
#2
M Matejcic, J de Batlle, C Ricci, C Biessy, F Perrier, I Huybrechts, E Weiderpass, Boutron-Mc Ruault, C Cadeau, M His, D G Cox, H Boeing, R T Fortner, R Kaaks, P Lagiou, A Trichopoulou, V Benetou, R Tumino, S Panico, S Sieri, D Palli, F Ricceri, H B Bueno-de-Mesquita, G Skeie, P Amiano, M J Sánchez, M D Chirlaque, A Barricarte, J R Quirós, G Buckland, C H van Gils, P H Peeters, T J Key, E Riboli, B Gylling, A Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, M J Gunter, I Romieu, V Chajès
Epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent findings for the association between B vitamins and breast cancer (BC) risk. We investigated the relationship between biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 and the risk of BC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 were determined in 2,491 BC cases individually matched to 2,521 controls among women who provided baseline blood samples. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios by quartiles of either plasma B vitamin...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903152/obesity-and-cancer-mechanisms-cancer-metabolism
#3
Benjamin D Hopkins, Marcus D Goncalves, Lewis C Cantley
Obesity is a risk factor for cancer development and is associated with poor prognosis in multiple tumor types. The positive energy balance linked with obesity induces a variety of systemic changes including altered levels of insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1, leptin, adiponectin, steroid hormones, and cytokines. Each of these factors alters the nutritional milieu and has the potential to create an environment that favors tumor initiation and progression. Although the complete ramifications of obesity as it relates to cancer are still unclear, there is convincing evidence that reducing the magnitude of the systemic hormonal and inflammatory changes has significant clinical benefits...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902693/the-long-term-benefits-of-increased-aspirin-use-by-at-risk-americans-aged-50-and-older
#4
David B Agus, Étienne Gaudette, Dana P Goldman, Andrew Messali
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of aspirin to defend against cardiovascular disease in both primary and secondary settings is well recognized by the medical profession. Multiple studies also have found that daily aspirin significantly reduces cancer incidence and mortality. Despite these proven health benefits, aspirin use remains low among populations targeted by cardiovascular prevention guidelines. This article seeks to determine the long-term economic and population-health impact of broader use of aspirin by older Americans at higher risk for cardiovascular disease...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900086/pretreatment-prognostic-nutritional-index-is-a-significant-predictor-of-prognosis-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-treated-with-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy
#5
Junko Haraga, Keiichiro Nakamura, Chiaki Omichi, Takeshi Nishida, Tomoko Haruma, Tomoyuki Kusumoto, Noriko Seki, Hisashi Masuyama, Norihisa Katayama, Susumu Kanazawa, Yuji Hiramatsu
This study investigated whether pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are prognostic factors in patients with cervical cancer who undergo concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and radiotherapy (RT). A total of 131 patients who underwent CCRT and RT for cervical cancer were retrospectively investigated and the correlations of NLR, PLR and PNI with clinical parameters and prognosis were assessed in CCRT and RT. The CCRT and RT groups had a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 41...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900024/acute-effect-of-lactic-acid-on-tumor-endothelial-cell-metabolic-coupling-in-the-tumor-microenvironment
#6
Guanqun Zhu, Degui Wang, Shenqian Li, Xuecheng Yang, Yanwei Cao, Yonghua Wang, Haitao Niu
The present study aimed to systematically analyze alterations in the expression of mitochondrial-associated proteins in human bladder cancer T24 cells co-cultured with tumor-associated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and to investigate the characteristics of bladder cancer cell energy metabolism. The present study used the following techniques: A co-culture system of T24 cells and HUVECs was constructed using a microfluidic chip as a 3D co-culture system; the concentration of lactic acid in the medium of the cells was determined using an automatic microplate reader; a qualitative analysis of mitochondria-associated protein expression was performed by immunofluorescent staining; and a quantitative analysis of mitochondrial-associated protein expression was conducted using western blotting...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898892/transcriptome-analyses-identify-five-transcription-factors-differentially-expressed-in-the-hypothalamus-of-post-versus-prepubertal-brahman-heifers
#7
M R S Fortes, L T Nguyen, M M D C A Weller, A Cánovas, A Islas-Trejo, L R Porto-Neto, A Reverter, S A Lehnert, G B Boe-Hansen, M G Thomas, J F Medrano, S S Moore
Puberty onset is a developmental process influenced by genetic determinants, environment, and nutrition. Mutations and regulatory gene networks constitute the molecular basis for the genetic determinants of puberty onset. The emerging knowledge of these genetic determinants presents opportunities for innovation in the breeding of early pubertal cattle. This paper presents new data on hypothalamic gene expression related to puberty in (Brahman) in age- and weight-matched heifers. Six postpubertal heifers were compared with 6 prepubertal heifers using whole-genome RNA sequencing methodology for quantification of global gene expression in the hypothalamus...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898282/comparative-fingerprinting-of-the-human-microbiota-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Emanuel Vamanu, Diana Pelinescu, Ionela Sarbu
Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and are associated with changes in the human gut microbiota. To better understand the relationships between diet, disease, and the colonic microbiome, we used the in vitro GIS1 system and repetitive element palindromic polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) to determine the microbial fingerprints in individuals with these diseases and compared them with the fingerprints in healthy controls. Clear differences were apparent in the three groups...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897393/cancer-anorexia-hypothalamic-activity-and-its-association-with-inflammation-and-appetite-regulating-peptides-in-lung-cancer
#9
Alessio Molfino, Alessandro Iannace, Maria Chiara Colaiacomo, Alessio Farcomeni, Alessandra Emiliani, Gianfranco Gualdi, Alessandro Laviano, Filippo Rossi Fanelli
BACKGROUND: Energy homeostasis is mediated by the hypothalamus, whose inflammation-induced functional derangements contribute to the onset of anorexia in cancer. By using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we determined the patterns of hypothalamic activation after oral intake in anorexic (A), non-anorexic (NA) cancer patients, and in controls (C). METHODS: Lung cancer patients were considered. Hypothalamic activation was recorded in A and NA patients and in C by fMRI, before (T0), immediately after (T1) the administration of an oral nutritional supplement, and after 15 min (T2)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896506/inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-utility-in-prognostication-and-patient-selection-for-cytoreduction-and-perioperative-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-peritoneal-metastasis-of-colonic-origin
#10
Chukwuemeka Ihemelandu
BACKGROUND: Tumor-associated systemic inflammatory response has been correlated with prognosis. Our aim was to analyze the utility of inflammation-based prognostic scores for prognostication and patient selection for cytoreduction and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (POIC) in patients diagnosed with peritoneal metastasis of colonic origin. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database for all patients treated for peritoneal metastasis of colonic origin from February 2001 to April 2015...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895819/nutrition-insulin-resistance-and-dysfunctional-adipose-tissue-determine-the-different-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Paniagua
Obesity is an excessive accumulation of body fat that may be harmful to health. Today, obesity is a major public health problem, affecting in greater or lesser proportion all demographic groups. Obesity is estimated by body mass index (BMI) in a clinical setting, but BMI reports neither body composition nor the location of excess body fat. Deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes accounted for approximately 65% of all deaths, and adiposity and mainly abdominal adiposity are associated with all these disorders...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895764/mitofusin-2-prevents-skeletal-muscle-wasting-in-cancer-cachexia
#12
Qiu-Lei Xi, Bo Zhang, Yi Jiang, Hai-Sheng Zhang, Qing-Yang Meng, Ying Chen, Yu-Song Han, Qiu-Lin Zhuang, Jun Han, Hai-Yu Wang, Jing Fang, Guo-Hao Wu
Cancer cachexia remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, despite extensive research and clinical trials. The prominent clinical feature of cancer cachexia is the continuous loss of skeletal muscle that cannot be fully reversed by conventional nutritional support, and that leads to progressive functional impairment. The mechanism underlying muscle loss in patients with cachexia is poorly understood. The present study analyzed 21 cancer patients with or without cachexia, and demonstrated that mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) was downregulated in the rectus abdominis of patients with cachexia, which was associated with body weight loss...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895755/inhibitory-effects-of-chinese-nutritional-herbs-in-isogenic-breast-carcinoma-cells-with-modulated-estrogen-receptor-function
#13
Nitin Telang, Guo Li, Meena Katdare, Daniel Sepkovic, Leon Bradlow, George Wong
In estrogen receptor (ER)+ MCF-7 cells, ER represents a ligand-activated transcription factor, and 17β-estradiol (E2) represents its physiological ligand. Maintenance of the human breast carcinoma-derived MCF-7 cells with 0.7% serum selected a proliferative sub-population of E2-responsive cells with transiently non-functional ER due to limited availability of E2. Culture of MCF-7 cells in the presence of either 0.7% serum, <1 nM E2 or 0.7% serum + 20 nM E2 selected isogenic cells with either non-functional ER (ER-NF) or functional ER (ER-F) phenotype...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892664/breast-cancer-and-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-in-argentinean-women-addressing-missing-data-in-a-case-control-study
#14
Becaria Coquet Julia, Tumas Natalia, Ruben Osella Alberto, Tanzi Matteo, Franco Isabella, Del Pilar Diaz Maria
A number of studies have evidenced the effect of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet, breastfeeding and nutritional status on breast cancer risk. However, none have addressed the missing data problem in nutritional epidemiologic research in South America. Missing data is a frequent problem in breast cancer studies and epidemiological settings in general. Estimates of effect obtained from these studies may be biased, if no appropriate method for handling missing data is applied. We performed Multiple Imputation for missing values on covariates in a breast cancer case-control study of Córdoba (Argentina) to optimize risk estimates...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890487/polyphenol-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-population-with%C3%A2-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#15
Marilena Vitale, Olga Vaccaro, Maria Masulli, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Carlo B Giorda, Antonio Nicolucci, Sebastiano Squatrito, Stefania Auciello, Anna C Babini, Laura Bani, Raffaella Buzzetti, Emanuela Cannarsa, Mauro Cignarelli, Massimo Cigolini, Gennaro Clemente, Sara Cocozza, Laura Corsi, Federica D'Angelo, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio, Graziano Di Cianni, Lucia Fontana, Giovanna Gregori, Sara Grioni, Carla Giordano, Rossella Iannarelli, Ciro Iovine, Annunziata Lapolla, Davide Lauro, Luigi Laviola, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Stefano Signorini, Laura Tonutti, Roberto Trevisan, Chiara Zamboni, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela A Rivellese
BACKGROUND: The role of polyphenol intake on cardiovascular risk factors is little explored, particularly in people with diabetes. AIM: To evaluate the association between the intake of total polyphenols and polyphenol classes with the major cardiovascular risk factors in a population with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary habits were investigated in 2573 males and females participants of the TOSCA.IT study. The European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used to assess dietary habits...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889806/a-comparative-assessment-of-arsenic-risks-and-the-nutritional-benefits-of-fish-consumption-in-kuwait-arsenic-versus-omega-3-fatty-acids
#17
Adnan Husain, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Hing Man Chan, Brian Laird, Hanan Al-Amiri, Basma Dashti, Anwar Sultan, Amani Al-Othman, Bedraya Mandekar
Inorganic and organic forms of arsenic (As), as well as omega-3 fatty acids were measured in 578 fish/seafood samples that belong to 15 species of commonly consumed seafood in Kuwait. Arsenic speciation data, with the toxicological profile of inorganic arsenic (iAs) and fish consumption rates were applied in a probabilistic risk assessment to estimate the risk from exposure to iAs. The nutritional benefits of omega-3-fatty acid levels in various species of fish were taken into consideration. Results showed that the mean daily intake of iAs through fish consumption among the Kuwaiti population was 0...
November 26, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888808/prognostic-nutritional-index-as-a-prognostic-biomarker-for-survival-in-digestive-system-carcinomas
#18
Yang Zhao, Peng Xu, Huafeng Kang, Shuai Lin, Meng Wang, Pengtao Yang, Cong Dai, Xinghan Liu, Kang Liu, Yi Zheng, Zhijun Dai
The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) has been reported to correlate with the prognosis in patients with various malignancies. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the predictive potential of PNI in digestive system cancers. Twenty-three studies with a total of 7,384 patients suffering from digestive system carcinomas were involved in this meta-analysis. A lower PNI was significantly associated with the shorter overall survival (OS) [Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.83, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.62-2.07], the poorer disease-free survival (DFS) (HR 1...
November 19, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#19
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885538/multi-institutional-prospective-feasibility-study-to-explore-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-for-patients-with-gastric-cancer-undergoing-gastrectomy-ccog1301
#20
Daisuke Kobayashi, Kiyoshi Ishigure, Yoshinari Mochizuki, Hiroshi Nakayama, Mitsuru Sakai, Seiji Ito, Hiroshi Kojima, Masaki Kajikawa, Masahiko Ando, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Postoperative malnutrition after gastrectomy is deemed inevitable, which could have prejudicial influence on survival for gastric cancer patients. A prospective feasibility study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of postoperative oral nutritional supplements. METHODS: Stage I-III gastric cancer patients who underwent distal or total gastrectomy received oral administration of Racol(®) NF (Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory, Japan), a liquid enteral nutritional formula, as a supplement to regular meals...
November 24, 2016: Gastric Cancer
keyword
keyword
39611
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"