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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538001/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-scored-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-an-interdisciplinary-nutritional-instrument-appropriate-for-dutch-cancer-patients
#1
Martine J Sealy, Ulrike Haß, Faith D Ottery, Cees P van der Schans, Jan L N Roodenburg, Harriët Jager-Wittenaar
BACKGROUND: Assessment of malnutrition is important in cancer patients. The Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA), an instrument that enables interdisciplinary assessment of malnutrition and its risk factors, was not available in Dutch. OBJECTIVE: Translation and cultural adaption of the original English PG-SGA to the Dutch setting. METHODS: The PG-SGA was translated and culturally adapted, following the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research principles...
May 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537139/examining-lifestyle-information-sources-needs-and-preferences-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-northern-british-columbia
#2
Lindsay Vander Meer, Jeff K Vallance, Geoff D C Ball, Steven T Johnson
PURPOSE: Little is known about the lifestyle (e.g., physical activity, nutrition) information needs among breast cancer survivors living in nonurban settings. This study determined lifestyle information sources, needs, and preferences among breast cancer survivors in Northern British Columbia (BC), Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional, paper-based survey was distributed to a random sample of breast cancer survivors (n = 300) in Northern BC, which was generated through the BC Cancer Registry...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535359/association-between-nutrition-status-and-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#3
Katia Barao, Mariana Abe Vicente Cavagnari, Patricia Silva Fucuta, Nora Manoukian Forones
BACKGROUND: Aging patients with cancer have a higher risk of mortality and treatment-associated morbidity than younger patients. Nutrition status may play an important role in cancer mortality. We aimed to evaluate the survival time of elderly patients with colorectal cancer and its association with body mass index (BMI), the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and phase angle (PA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMI, PG-SGA, and PA were determined for all patients (n = 250) at first assessment...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535154/randomised-controlled-trial-of-early-prophylactic-feeding-vs-standard-care-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#4
Teresa E Brown, Merrilyn D Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Y Lin, Lizbeth M Kenny, Judith D Bauer
BACKGROUND: Weight loss remains significant in patients with head and neck cancer, despite prophylactic gastrostomy and intensive dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to improve outcomes utilising an early nutrition intervention. METHODS: Patients with head and neck cancer at a tertiary hospital in Australia referred for prophylactic gastrostomy prior to curative intent treatment were eligible for this single centre randomised controlled trial. Exclusions included severe malnutrition or dysphagia...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534554/-relation-between-preoperative-prognostic-onodera-s-index-and-postsurgery-complications-in-the-r0-gastric-carcinoma-resection
#5
F Borda, C Miranda, A Borda, E Echeverría, A Guerra, J J Iñigo, J M Zozaya
BACKGROUND: It has been postulated in the Asian literature that a low prognostic nutritional index (OI) could be associated with a higher rate of complications following radical gastric cancer surgery, but there is a lack of data concerning western countries. The aim is to analyze the relationship between a low preoperative OI and the frequency and severity of surgical complications in R0 gastric cancer resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present article, 124 cases of gastric cancer with R0 resection were reviewed...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534323/-era-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-and-robotic-gastric-cancer-surgery
#6
Yanbing Zhou
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been rapidly developing by combining several techniques with evidence-based adjustments, including preoperative education, preoperative carbohydrate loading, epidural or regional anesthesia, early initiation of enteral nutrition, ambulation and multi-modal pain management. The core part of ERAS is to reduce and reverse surgical stress and therefore greatly improve clinical outcome. Under the guidance of ERAS, perioperative management of robotic gastric cancer operation should follow the basic principles of ERAS and clinical pathway to maximize the advantages of the robotic surgery...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533960/body-composition-estimation-from-selected-slices-equations-computed-from-a-new-semi-automatic-thresholding-method-developed-on-whole-body-ct%C3%A2-scans
#7
Alizé Lacoste Jeanson, Ján Dupej, Chiara Villa, Jaroslav Brůžek
BACKGROUND: Estimating volumes and masses of total body components is important for the study and treatment monitoring of nutrition and nutrition-related disorders, cancer, joint replacement, energy-expenditure and exercise physiology. While several equations have been offered for estimating total body components from MRI slices, no reliable and tested method exists for CT scans. For the first time, body composition data was derived from 41 high-resolution whole-body CT scans. From these data, we defined equations for estimating volumes and masses of total body AT and LT from corresponding tissue areas measured in selected CT scan slices...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533161/differences-in-symptom-clusters-identified-using-ratings-of-symptom-occurrence-versus-severity-in-lung-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#8
Melisa L Wong, Bruce A Cooper, Steven M Paul, Jon D Levine, Yvette P Conley, Fay Wright, Marilyn Hammer, Christine Miaskowski
CONTEXT: An important question in symptom clusters research is whether the number and types of symptom clusters vary based on the specific dimension of the symptom experience used to create the clusters. OBJECTIVES: Given that lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (CTX) report an average of 14 co-occurring symptoms and studies of symptom clusters in these patients are limited, the purpose of this study, in lung cancer patients undergoing CTX (n=145), was to identify whether the number and types of symptom clusters differed based on whether symptom occurrence rates or symptom severity ratings were used to create the clusters...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532628/milestones-barriers-and-beacons-shared-decision-making-in-canada-inches-ahead
#9
France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Marie-France Coutu, Patrick Archambault, Laura Boland, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Krystina B Lewis, Anik M C Giguere
Canada's approach to shared decision making (SDM) remains as disparate as its healthcare system; a conglomerate of 14 public plans - ten provincial, three territorial and one federal. The healthcare research funding environment has been largely positive for SDM because there was funding for knowledge translation research which also encompassed SDM. The funding climate currently places new emphasis on patient involvement in research and on patient empowerment in healthcare. SDM fields have expanded from primary care to elder care, paediatrics, emergency and critical care medicine, cardiology, nutrition, occupational therapy and workplace rehabilitation...
May 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531590/the-impact-of-chronic-pain-in-nutritional-status-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-metastatic-cancer-primaries
#10
Nikoletta Vidra, Fani Smarina, Athanasios Migdanis, Loukia Drosou, Meropi Kontogianni, Ioannis Gioulbasanis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531452/the-effect-of-glutamine-and-arginine-enriched-nutritional-support-on-quality-of-life-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-treated-with-imrt
#11
Sezin Yuce Sari, Gozde Yazici, Deniz Yuce, Erdem Karabulut, Mustafa Cengiz, Gokhan Ozyigit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oral mucositis and esophagitis are common acute toxicities of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). In order to decrease the rates of these toxicities, we compared quality of life in HNC patients that did and did not receive a glutamine and arginine-enriched solution (GAES) during RT. METHODS: A total of 29 patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT); 15 used GAES b.i.d. during the treatment, and a matched cohort of 14 patients did not...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531128/linoleic-acid-a-nutritional-quandary
#12
REVIEW
Ronald J Jandacek
Over the course of the twentieth century, there was a 20-fold increase in consumption of vegetable oils resulting both from their increased availability and from recommendations to consume these oils as an aid to lower blood cholesterol levels. This dietary change markedly increased the consumption of linoleic acid to current levels of approximately 6% of total dietary energy. While considerable research has focused on the effects of dietary linoleic acid on cardiovascular health, questions about optimum dietary levels remain...
May 20, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#13
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530213/-the-model-of-perioperative-risk-assessment-in-elderly-patients-interim-analysis
#14
Izabela Grabowska, Lucyna Ścisło, Szymon Pietruszka, Elzbieta Walewska, Agata Paszko, Benita Siarkiewicz, Piotr Richter, Andrzej Budzyński, Antoni M Szczepanik
Demographic changes in contemporary society require implementation of proper perioperative care of elderly patients due to an increased risk of perioperative complications in this group. Preoperative assessment of health status identifies risks and enables preventive interventions, improving outcomes of surgical treatment. The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment contains numerous diagnostic tests and consultations, which is expensive and difficult to use in everyday practice. The development of a simplified model of perioperative assessment of elderly patients will help identifying the group of patients who require further diagnostic workup...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529615/a-novel-blood-tool-of-cancer-prognosis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-the-fibrinogen-albumin-ratio
#15
Zihui Tan, Man Zhang, Qiang Han, Jing Wen, Kongjia Luo, Peng Lin, Lanjun Zhang, Hong Yang, Jianhua Fu
Background: Coagulation and nutrition play important roles in cancer progression. We aim to investigate the impact of the fibrinogen/albumin ratio(FAR) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 1135 patients with radical esophagectomy for ESCC from January 2008 to December 2010 in our center. X-tile software was used to determine the optimal cutoff levels for these biomarkers. Results: The optimal cutoff value was 0.08 for the FAR by the X-tile software. The FAR was statistically significantly associated with age(p=0...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529552/cancer-induced-muscle-wasting-latest-findings-in-prevention-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Zaira Aversa, Paola Costelli, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Cancer cachexia is a severe and disabling clinical condition that frequently accompanies the development of many types of cancer. Muscle wasting is the hallmark of cancer cachexia and is associated with serious clinical consequences such as physical impairment, poor quality of life, reduced tolerance to treatments and shorter survival. Cancer cachexia may evolve through different stages of clinical relevance, namely pre-cachexia, cachexia and refractory cachexia. Given its detrimental clinical consequences, it appears mandatory to prevent and/or delay the progression of cancer cachexia to its refractory stage by implementing the early recognition and treatment of the nutritional and metabolic alterations occurring during cancer...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529448/systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-foodservice-interventions-and-their-effect-on-nutritional-outcomes-and-satisfaction-of-adult-oncology-patients
#17
REVIEW
Elizabeth Doyle, Natalie Simmance, Helen Wilding, Judi Porter
AIM: An understanding of effective foodservice interventions on nutrition outcomes in adult patients with cancer is required to support clinical decision making. This systematic review aimed to determine the effect of foodservice interventions across a range of nutritional outcomes and satisfaction of hospitalised and ambulatory adult oncology patients. METHODS: The review protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42016045772). Six databases were searched using search terms associated with the intervention and population...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528692/insulin-like-growth-factor-igf-axis-in-cancerogenesis
#18
REVIEW
Aldona Kasprzak, Wojciech Kwasniewski, Agnieszka Adamek, Anna Gozdzicka-Jozefiak
Determination of the role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family components in carcinogenesis of several human tumors is based on numerous epidemiological and pre-clinical studies, experiments in vivo and in vitro and on attempts at application of drugs affecting the IGF axis. Investigative hypotheses in original studies were based on biological functions manifested by the entire family of IGF (ligands, receptors, linking proteins, adaptor molecules). In the context of carcinogenesis the most important functions of IGF family involve intensification of proliferation and inhibition of cell apoptosis and effect on cell transformation through synthesis of several regulatory proteins...
April 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526362/using-secondary-24-hour-dietary-recall-data-to-estimate-daily-dietary-factor-intake-from-the-flashe-study-dietary-screener
#19
Teresa M Smith, Eric E Calloway, Courtney A Pinard, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Linda C Nebeling, Amy L Yaroch
INTRODUCTION: The National Cancer Institute's 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study utilized a 27-item Dietary Screener tailored to adolescent eating patterns that assessed the frequency of intake of several foods and beverages in parent-adolescent dyads. This study estimated intake of fruits and vegetables (FVs), dairy, added sugars, and whole grains for screener respondents using existing, nationally representative, 24-hour dietary recall data. METHODS: Dietary Screener items were converted from frequency responses to daily intake...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524706/cachexia-stage-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-phase-angle-and-handgrip-strength-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#20
Gislaine Aparecida Ozorio, Katia Barão, Nora Manoukian Forones
The aim of this study was to correlate patients with gastrointestinal cancer, classified according to different stages of cancer cachexia (SCC) as proposed by Fearon, with nutritional assessment tools such as PG-SGA, phase angle (PA), and handgrip strength. One hundred one patients with a mean age of 61.8 ± 12.8 yr, with 58.4% being men were included. 32.6% were malnourished according to the body mass index (BMI). A severe or moderate malnutrition had been diagnosed in 63.3% when assessed using the PG-SGA, 60...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
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