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Alberto Palazzuoli, Gaetano Ruocco, Matteo Beltrami, Ranuccio Nuti, John G Cleland
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) can be used to assess pulmonary congestion by imaging B-lines ('comets') for patients with acute heart failure (AHF). OBJECTIVES: Investigate relationship of B-lines, plasma concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) function measured at admission and discharge and their relationship to prognosis for AHF with preserved (HFpEF) or reduced (HFrEF) LV ejection fraction. METHODS: Patients with AHF had the above tests done at admission and discharge...
March 12, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Lukasz P Cerbin, Andrew P Ambrosy, Stephen J Greene, Paul W Armstrong, Javed Butler, Adrian Coles, Adam D DeVore, Justin A Ezekowitz, Adrian F Hernandez, Marco Metra, Randall C Starling, Wilson Tang, John R Teerlink, Adriaan A Voors, Angie Wu, Christopher M O'Connor, Robert J Mentz
OBJECTIVES: As the largest acute heart failure (AHF) trial conducted to date, the global ASCEND-HF (Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide in Decompensated Heart Failure) trial database presented an opportunity to systematically describe the relationship among time of hospital presentation, clinical profile, inpatient management, and outcomes among patients admitted with AHF. BACKGROUND: Time of hospital presentation has been shown to impact outcomes among patients hospitalized with many conditions...
March 7, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
Masato Matsushita, Akihiro Shirakabe, Noritake Hata, Nobuaki Kobayashi, Hirotake Okazaki, Yusaku Shibata, Suguru Nishigoori, Saori Uchiyama, Kazutaka Kiuchi, Kuniya Asai, Wataru Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The association between social factors and the long-term prognosis of acute heart failure (AHF) remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: One thousand fifty-one AHF patients were screened, and 915 were enrolled. Four hundred forty-two AHF patients ≥75 years of age (the elderly cohort) were also included in a sub-analysis. Participants who fulfilled one of the three marital status-, offspring-, and living status-related criteria were considered socially vulnerable...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Masahiro Yamazoe, Atsushi Mizuno, Shun Kohsaka, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Takashi Kohno, Ayumi Goda, Satoshi Higuchi, Mayuko Yagawa, Yuji Nagatomo, Tsutomu Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Diuretics are the cornerstone therapy for acute heart failure (AHF) but can lead to various electrolyte disturbances and inversely affect the patients' outcome. We aimed to evaluate whether (1) the dose of loop diuretics could predict hospital-acquired hyponatremia (HAH) during AHF treatment, (2) addition of thiazide diuretics could affect development of HAH, and (3) assess their impact on long-term outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed the subjects enrolled in the multicenter AHF registry (WET-HF)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Erica Hasten, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Terrence B Crowley, Elaine Zackai, Beverly S Emanuel, Bernice E Morrow, Silvia E Racedo
Non-allelic homologous recombination events on chromosome 22q11.2 during meiosis can result in either the deletion (22q11.2DS) or duplication (22q11.2DupS) syndrome. Although the spectrum and frequency of congenital heart disease (CHD) are known for 22q11.2DS, there is less known for 22q11.2DupS. We now evaluated cardiac phenotypes in 235 subjects with 22q11.2DupS including 102 subjects we collected and 133 subjects that were previously reported as a confirmation and found 25% have CHD, mostly affecting the cardiac outflow tract (OFT)...
March 2, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Ki Hong Choi, Ga Yeon Lee, Jin-Oh Choi, Eun-Seok Jeon, Hae-Young Lee, Hyun-Jai Cho, Sang Eun Lee, Min-Seok Kim, Jae-Joong Kim, Kyung-Kuk Hwang, Shung Chull Chae, Sang Hong Baek, Seok-Min Kang, Dong-Ju Choi, Byung-Su Yoo, Kye Hun Kim, Hyun-Young Park, Myeong-Chan Cho, Byung-Hee Oh
BACKGROUND: After introduction of up-titration strategy, there are limited data on comparison between the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The study sought to investigate the association between treatment with ARB at discharge and clinical outcomes in patients with HFrEF compared with treatment with ACEI or no renin angiotensin system blocker (RASB). METHODS: The KorAHF registry is a prospective multicenter cohort and included patients who were hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF)...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Paul John Wallace, Ryan Greysen
We read with interest the recent contribution by Collins and colleagues[1] identifying high priority areas for future research in acute heart failure (AHF). We agree that a coordinated, multi- disciplinary approach to designing, implementing and funding future research is necessary if we hope to advance a field that has resisted change for 40 years. The role of ED physicians and cardiologists in the care of AHF cannot be underestimated, but the majority of patients with AHF are cared for by hospitalists and we believe that there is much to be gained by engaging hospitalists and other inpatient providers in this process...
March 5, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Lory Trevisan, Jennifer Cautela, Noemie Resseguier, Florian Baptiste, Johan Pinto, Marion Escudier, Marc Laine, Antoine Roch, Michael Peyrol, Jeremie Barraud, Franck Paganelli, Laurent Bonello, Franck Thuny
BACKGROUND: An optimal maximum time of 60minutes has been recommended in recent guidelines for the first evaluation and treatment of patients with acute heart failure (AHF); however, this has not been tested prospectively. AIM: To analyze the impact of a time-to-treatment (TTT) strategy of <60minutes on the in-hospital outcome of patients with AHF. METHODS: During a single 1-month period, we consecutively enrolled all patients hospitalized with AHF in a prospective cohort...
February 27, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
G Arámbula-Villa, M G Figueroa-Rivera, R Rendón-Villalobos, M Mendoza-Elos, J D Figueroa-Cárdenas, R Castanedo-Pérez, F Rodríguez-González
Nixtamalized maize tortilla is a basic food for the Mexican population. It has high energy due to high starch, which may be modified to decrease its bioavailability and to produce changes in the characteristics of flours. For this research, nixtamalized maize flour was prepared and subjected to an acetylation chemical process, with and without prior hydrolysis. Raw maize flour, traditionally nixtamalized maize flour, acetylated-nixtamalized maize flour (AF) and acetylated-hydrolyzed nixtamalized maize flour (AHF) were prepared and evaluated...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
André M Travessa, L Menezes Falcão
Acute heart failure (AHF) contributes largely to the worldwide burden of heart failure (HF) and is associated with high mortality, poor prognosis and high rehospitalization rate. The pharmacologic therapy of AHF includes diuretics and vasodilators, which are a keystone when fluid overload and congestion are present. However, vasodilators are mainly focused on controlling symptoms, and drugs that also improve long-term mortality and morbidity seem to be in high demand. In this review, we summarize the existing evidence on mortality benefits of IV vasodilators in AHF...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Michael S Kiernan, Susanna R Stevens, W H Wilson Tang, Javed Butler, Kevin J Anstrom, Edo Y Birati, Justin L Grodin, Divya Gupta, Kenneth B Margulies, Shane LaRue, Victor G Dávila-Román, Adrian F Hernandez, Lisa de Las Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Poor response to loop diuretic therapy is a marker of risk during acute heart failure hospitalization. We sought to describe baseline determinants of diuretic response and to further explore the relationship between this response and clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patient data from the NHLBI Heart Failure Network ROSE-AHF and CARRESS-HF clinical trials were analyzed to determine baseline determinants of diuretic response. Diuretic efficiency (DE) was defined as total 72h fluid output per total equivalent loop diuretic dose; subjects were stratified to high and low DE groups by the median value...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Sean Collins, Jennifer Martindale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In spite of advances in our understanding of acute heart failure (AHF) and its different phenotypic expressions, AHF management is still centered on volume removal with intravenous diuretics. This narrative review describes the pathophysiology underlying hypertensive AHF and appraises therapies targeting these mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: Vascular redistribution rather than volume overload may be the primary determinant of elevated cardiac filling pressures and subsequent pulmonary congestion in patients with hypertensive AHF; in these patients, vasodilators should be the predominant treatment...
February 24, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
Yuichiro Minami, Katsuya Kajimoto, Naoki Sato, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
In the acute heart failure (AHF) setting, the usefulness of C-reactive protein (CRP) at admission as a risk marker is challenged by the possible confounding effect of an acute-phase response. We thus evaluated the relation of CRP level at discharge (i.e., after stabilization of AHF) with subsequent postdischarge outcome in patients hospitalized for AHF. The acute decompensated heart failure syndromes study prospectively registered 4,269 hospitalized AHF patients with data on CRP levels at discharge. The median CRP level was 3...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Robert Zymliński, Jan Biegus, Mateusz Sokolski, Paweł Siwołowski, Sylwia Nawrocka-Millward, John Todd, Ewa A Jankowska, Waldemar Banasiak, Gad Cotter, John G Cleland, Piotr Ponikowski
AIMS: Lactate is produced by anaerobic metabolism and may reflect inadequate tissue perfusion in conditions such as acute heart failure (AHF). We evaluated the prevalence and clinical significance of elevated blood lactate on admission in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 237 patients with AHF (mean age 67 ± 12 years; 70% men) presenting without overt clinical evidence of peripheral hypoperfusion ('warm haemodynamic profile'). Median (upper and lower quartiles) blood lactate on admission was 1...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
P Z Szymanski, M Badri, B M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on acute heart failure (AHF) and its treatment in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and causes of heart failure (HF), adherence to HF treatment guidelines, and mortality of patients with AHF presenting to Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: This sub-study of The Sub-Saharan Africa Survey of Heart Failure (THESUS-HF) was a prospective and observational survey that focused on the enrolment and follow-up of additional patients with AHF presenting to GSH and entered into the existing registry after publication of the primary THESUS-HF article in 2012...
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Amir Reza Vosoughi, Narges Roustaei, Hamideh Mahdaviazad
BACKGROUND: The use of valid and reliable outcome rating scales is essential for evaluating the result of different treatments and interventions. The purposes of this study were to translate and culturally adapt the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale (AOFAS-AHFS) into Persian languages and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: Forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation method were used to develop Persian version of AOFAS-AHFS...
February 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Satoshi Honda, Toshiyuki Nagai, Kunihiro Nishimura, Michikazu Nakai, Yasuyuki Honda, Hiroki Nakano, Naotsugu Iwakami, Yasuo Sugano, Yasuhide Asaumi, Takeshi Aiba, Teruo Noguchi, Kengo Kusano, Hiroyuki Yokoyama, Hisao Ogawa, Satoshi Yasuda, Toshihisa Anzai
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary sodium concentration (UNa) may reflect impaired renal perfusion, higher neurohormonal activity and diuretic resistance. However, the prognostic impact of UNa in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: We investigate the association between UNa and clinical outcomes in 669 patients admitted with AHF in our prospective registry. Patients were stratified into tertiles based on UNa in a spot urine sample on admission...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
David Chivite, Francesc Formiga, Xavier Corbella, Alicia Conde-Martel, Óscar Aramburu, Margarita Carrera, Melitón Francisco Dávila, José Pérez-Silvestre, Luis Manzano, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero
BACKGROUND: Dependence for basic activities of the daily living (ADL) relates to adverse outcomes in elderly acute heart failure (AHF) patients. METHODS: We evaluated patients ≥75years admitted because of AHF, divided according to preadmission Barthel Index (BI) category: severe (BI 0-60), moderate (BI 61-90) and slight dependence or independence for basic ADL (BI 91-100). We compared their baseline characteristics and used logistic regression models to determine whether a BI≤60 confers higher one-year mortality risk...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Yan Zhuang, Linfeng Dai, Mingqi Chen, Ning Chang, Jiandong Chen, Haibo Shi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of bedside lung ultrasound B-line score in the diagnosis of acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: A retrospectively analysis was conducted. The adult patients presenting with acute dyspnea in intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled. An 8-zone lung ultrasound was performed and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level was tested in all patients...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Yasuhiro Hamatani, Toshiyuki Nagai, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Shun Kohsaka, Michikazu Nakai, Kunihiro Nishimura, Takashi Kohno, Yuji Nagatomo, Yasuhide Asaumi, Ayumi Goda, Atsushi Mizuno, Satoshi Yasuda, Hisao Ogawa, Tsutomu Yoshikawa, Toshihisa Anzai
Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is an important prognostic marker in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). However, it is unclear which BNP parameter, on admission, at discharge, or change during hospitalization, has the highest predictive performance for long-term adverse outcomes, and whether its prognostic impact differs according to the new European heart failure (HF) phenotype classification by left ventricular ejection fraction: heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF), and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
December 23, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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