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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098055/nonsurgical-treatment-of-mason-type-ii-radial-head-fractures-in-athletes-a-retrospective-study
#1
M Guzzini, A Vadalà, A Agrò, V Di Sanzo, D Pironi, A Redler, P Serlorenzi, L Proietti, C Civitenga, D Mazza, R M Lanzetti, Andrea Ferretti
OBJECTIVE: The best treatment for moderately displaced radial head fractures (Mason type II) still remains controversial. In cases of isolated fractures, there is no evidence that a fragment displacement of ≥ 2 mm gives poor results in conservatively treated fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 52 patients (31M, 21F) affected by an isolated Mason type II fracture, treated with a long arm cast for two weeks between 2008 and 2013. All patients had practiced sports before being injured...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094879/nutritional-inflammatory-and-ecological-correlates-of-maternal-retinol-allocation-to-breast-milk-in-agro-pastoral-ariaal-communities-of-northern-kenya
#2
Masako Fujita, Yun-Jia Lo, Eleanor Brindle
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin A (VA) is an essential micronutrient required for a range of biological functions throughout life. VA deficiency (VAD) claims an estimated 1 million preschool children's lives annually. Human milk is enriched with VA (retinol) from the maternal blood, which originates from the hepatic reserve and dietary intake. Secreting retinol into milk will benefit the nursing infant through breast milk, but retaining retinol is also important for the maternal health. Previous studies found that the public health intervention of high-dose VA supplementation to lactating mothers did not significantly lower child mortality...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092750/assessing-common-birds-ecological-requirements-to-address-nature-conservation-in-permanent-crops-lessons-from-italian-vineyards
#3
Giacomo Assandri, Giuseppe Bogliani, Paolo Pedrini, Mattia Brambilla
Viticulture has contributed to shaping cultural landscapes in several regions across all continents. Recent farming intensification is causing landscape homogenization and biodiversity loss in several of those areas, but knowledge about the impacts on biodiversity in vineyards is still scarce. Simplified agro-ecosystems resulting from intensification host mainly generalist and common species, which still play a key role in the regulation of ecosystems and in the provision of ecosystem services. We assessed the abundance of 11 common bird species at 47 linear transects in a vineyard-dominated landscape in Trentino (NE Italy), in both spring and winter, and analysed abundance variation in relation to three independent groups of predictors: landscape, management, and topographic-climatic variables...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089279/perspective-on-pre-and-post-natal-agro-food-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-their-effects-on-quality-of-life
#4
REVIEW
Tania Fernández-Cruz, Elena Martínez-Carballo, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue constitutes a continual source of internal exposure to organic pollutants (OPs). When fats mobilize during pregnancy and breastfeeding, OPs could affect foetal and neonatal development, respectively. SCOPE AND APPROACH: The main aim of this review is to deal with pre- and post-natal external exposure to organic pollutants and their effects on health, proposing prevention measures to reduce their risk. The goal is the development of a biomonitoring framework program to estimate their impact on human health, and prevent exposure by recommending some changes in personal lifestyle habits...
January 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080995/rapid-emergence-of-pathogens-in-agro-ecosystems-global-threats-to-agricultural-sustainability-and-food-security
#5
REVIEW
Bruce A McDonald, Eva H Stukenbrock
Agricultural ecosystems are composed of genetically depauperate populations of crop plants grown at a high density and over large spatial scales, with the regional composition of crop species changing little from year to year. These environments are highly conducive for the emergence and dissemination of pathogens. The uniform host populations facilitate the specialization of pathogens to particular crop cultivars and allow the build-up of large population sizes. Population genetic and genomic studies have shed light on the evolutionary mechanisms underlying speciation processes, adaptive evolution and long-distance dispersal of highly damaging pathogens in agro-ecosystems...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075566/chilling-stress-upregulates-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-oxidation-pathway-and-induces-volatiles-of-c6-and-c9-aldehydes-in-mango-fruit
#6
Velu Sivankalyani, Itay Maoz, Oleg Feygenberg, Dalia Maurer, Noam Alkan
Mango-fruit storage period and shelf life are prolonged by cold storage. However, chilling temperature induces physiological and molecular changes, compromising fruit quality. In our previous transcriptomic study of mango fruit, cold storage at suboptimal temperature (5 °C) activated the α-linolenic acid metabolic pathway. To evaluate changes in fruit quality during chilling, we analyzed mango "Keitt" fruit peel volatiles. GC-MS analysis revealed significant modulations in fruit volatiles during storage at suboptimal temperature...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074403/commensal-in-conflict-livestock-depredation-patterns-by-free-ranging-domestic-dogs-in-the-upper-spiti-landscape-himachal-pradesh-india
#7
Chandrima Home, Ranjana Pal, Rishi Kumar Sharma, Kulbhushansingh R Suryawanshi, Yash Veer Bhatnagar, Abi Tamim Vanak
In human-populated landscapes worldwide, domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are the most abundant terrestrial carnivore. Although dogs have been used for the protection of livestock from wild carnivores, they have also been implicated as predators of livestock. We used a combination of methods (field surveys, interview surveys, and data from secondary sources) to examine the patterns and factors driving livestock depredation by free-ranging dogs, as well as economic losses to local communities in a Trans-Himalayan agro-pastoralist landscape in India...
January 10, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070547/monitoring-of-a-micro-smart-grid-power-consumption-data-of-some-machineries-of-an-agro-industrial-test-site
#8
Enrico Fabrizio, Alessandro Biglia, Valeria Branciforti, Marco Filippi, Silvia Barbero, Giuseppe Tecco, Paolo Mollo, Andrea Molino
For the management of a (micro)-smart grid it is important to know the patters of the load profiles and of the generators. In this article the power consumption data obtained through a monitoring activity developed on a micro-smart grid in an agro-industrial test-site are presented. In particular, this reports the synthesis of the monitoring results of 5 loads (5 industrial machineries for crop micronization, corncob crashing and other similar processes). How these data were used within a monitoring and managing scheme of a micro-smart grid can be found in (E...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070316/consumers-preferences-for-fresh-yam-a-focus-group-study
#9
Carla Barlagne, Denis Cornet, Jean-Marc Blazy, Jean-Louis Diman, Harry Ozier-Lafontaine
In West and Central Africa and in the Caribbean, yam is one of the most important sources of carbohydrates and has a great potential to improve food security. The yam production sector is, however, now challenged by the satisfaction of evolving consumers' preferences. Since little is known about consumers' preferences regarding yams' characteristics, product quality, and the drivers of yam purchase, six focus group discussions were conducted (for a total of 31 participants). Among the purchasing criteria, price was considered more important than the others...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067588/health-benefits-of-fiber-fermentation
#10
Wendy J Dahl, Nicole C Agro, Åsa M Eliasson, Kaley L Mialki, Joseph D Olivera, Carley T Rusch, Carly N Young
Although fiber is well recognized for its effect on laxation, increasing evidence supports the role of fiber in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the health benefits of fiber and its fermentation, and describe how the products of fermentation may influence disease risk and treatment. Higher fiber intakes are associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Fiber may also have a role in lowering blood pressure and in preventing obesity by limiting weight gain...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063362/production-of-enzymes-by-a-newly-isolated-bacillus-sp-tmf-1-in-solid-state-fermentation-on-agricultural-by-products-the-evaluation-of-substrate-pretreatment-methods
#11
Abdalla Ali Salim, Sanja Grbavčić, Nataša Šekuljica, Andrea Stefanović, Sonja Jakovetić Tanasković, Nevena Luković, Zorica Knežević-Jugović
Study on potential of different agro-industrial waste residues for supporting the growth of newly isolated Bacillus sp. TMF-1 strain under solid-state fermentation (SSF) was conducted aiming to produce several industrially valuable enzymes. Since the feasibility of the initial study was confirmed, further objectives included evaluation of several pretreatments of the studied agricultural by-products (soybean meal, sunflower meal, maize bran, maize pericarp, olive oil cake and wheat bran) on the microbial productivity as means of enhancing the yields of produced proteases, α-amylases, cellulases and pectinases...
December 24, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054268/optimizing-the-phosphorus-use-in-cotton-by-using-csm-cropgro-cotton-model-for-semi-arid-climate-of-vehari-punjab-pakistan
#12
Asad Amin, Wajid Nasim, Muhammad Mubeen, Muhammad Nadeem, Liaqat Ali, Hafiz Mohkum Hammad, Syeda Refat Sultana, Khawar Jabran, M Habib Ur Rehman, Shakeel Ahmad, Muhammad Awais, Atta Rasool, Shah Fahad, Shah Saud, Adnan Noor Shah, Zahid Ihsan, Shahzad Ali, Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Asif Ameen, Amanullah, Hafeez Ur Rehman, Fahad Alghabar, Ghulam Hussain Jatoi, Muhammad Akram, Aziz Khan, Faisal Islam, Syed Tahir Ata-Ul-Karim, Muhammad Ishaq Asif Rehmani, Sajid Hussain, Muhammad Razaq, Amin Fathi
Crop nutrient management is an essential component of any cropping system. With increasing concerns over environmental protection, improvement in fertilizer use efficiencies has become a prime goal in global agriculture system. Phosphorus (P) is one of the most important nutrients, and strategies are required to optimize its use in important arable crops like cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) that has great significance. Sustainable P use in crop production could significantly avoid environmental hazards resulting from over-P fertilization...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042601/the-current-state-of-knowledge-on-the-interaction-of-escherichia-coli-within-vegetative-filter-strips-as-a-sustainable-best-management-practice-to-reduce-fecal-pathogen-loading-into-surface-waters
#13
Casianes Owino Olilo, Anastasia Wairimu Muia, Wilkister Nyaora Moturi, Japhet Ogalo Onyando, Ford Roegner Amber
Agro-pastoral operations have the potential to threaten public health with loading of diverse pathogens into surface waters through overland flow; increasing awareness of the limitations of fecal indicators has led to development of a number of advancements in detection, source tracking and predictive modeling of public health risk. These tools and techniques are beginning to be integrated into management strategies. The objective of this review was to determine the status of current knowledge and challenges of the fate and transport of Escherichia coli in overland flow and their interaction within vegetative filter strip (VFS) as one of these implemented best management practices and to critically evaluate its use in that setting as an indicator organism...
August 2016: Energy Ecol Environ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039825/environmental-impact-of-biomass-based-polygeneration-a-case-study-through-life-cycle-assessment
#14
Kuntal Jana, Sudipta De
Multi-generation or polygeneration is considered to be a potential sustainable energy solution. To assess environmental sustainability of multi-generation, life cycle assessment (LCA) is a useful tool. In this paper, environmental impact of polygeneration using an agro waste (rice straw) is assessed by LCA. Then it is compared with stand alone conventional plants with same utility outputs. Power, ethanol, heating and cooling are utility outputs of the polygeneration plant. System boundary for this polygeneration is defined for surplus biomass only...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039507/production-and-characteristics-of-the-recombinant-extracellular-bifunctional-endoglucanase-of-the-polyextremophilic-bacterium-bacillus-halodurans-and-its-applicability-in-saccharifying-agro-residues
#15
Ranjitha R Prabhu, Deepak Parashar, T Satyanarayana
The recombinant alkalistable and moderately thermostable bifunctional endoglucanase gene (BhCell-Xyl) of polyextremophilic bacterium Bacillus halodurans TSLV1 has been expressed in Pichia pastoris under constitutive GAP as well as inducible AOX promoters. A higher titre of recombinant BhCell-Xyl was attained after induction (4.8 U mL(-1)) as compared to that of the constitutive production (2.1 U mL(-1)). The recombinant P. pastoris strains integrated two copies of BhCell-Xyl under AOX and GAP promoters...
December 30, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039114/model-based-calculating-tool-for-pollen-mediated-gene-flow-frequencies-in-plants
#16
Wang Lei, Lu Bao-Rong
The potential social-economic and environmental impacts caused by transgene flow from genetically engineered (GE) crops have stimulated worldwide biosafety concerns. To determine transgene flow frequencies resulted from pollination is the first critical step for assessing such impacts, in addition to the determination of transgene expression and fitness in crop-wild hybrid descendants. Two methods are commonly used to estimate pollen-mediated gene flow (PMGF) frequencies: field experimenting and mathematical modeling...
December 30, 2016: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010772/characterization-of-clostridium-thermocellum-b8-secretome-and-purified-cellulosomes-for-lignocellulosic-biomass-degradation
#17
Karen O Osiro, Brenda R de Camargo, Rachel Satomi, Pedro Ricardo V Hamann, Jéssica Pinheiro Silva, Marcelo Valle de Sousa, Betania F Quirino, Elaine N Aquino, Carlos R Felix, André Melro Murad, Eliane F Noronha
The main goal of the present study was a complete proteomic characterization of total proteins eluted from residual substrate-bound proteins (RSBP), and cellulosomes secreted by Clostridium thermocellum B8 during growth in the presence of microcrystalline cellulose as a carbon source. The second goal was to evaluate their potential use as enzymatic blends for hydrolyzing agro-industrial residues to produce fermentable sugars. Protein identification through LC-MS/MS mass spectrometry showed that the RSBP sample, in addition to cellulosomal proteins, contains a wide variety of proteins, including those without a well-characterized role in plant cell wall degradation...
February 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008850/pathogen-effectors-and-plant-immunity-determine-specialization-of-the-blast-fungus-to-rice-subspecies
#18
Jingjing Liao, Huichuan Huang, Isabelle Meusnier, Henri Adreit, Aurélie Ducasse, François Bonnot, Lei Pan, Xiahong He, Thomas Kroj, Elisabeth Fournier, Didier Tharreau, Pierre Gladieux, Jean-Benoit Morel
Understanding how fungi specialize on their plant host is crucial for developing sustainable disease control. A traditional, centuries-old rice agro-system of the Yuanyang terraces was used as a model to show that virulence effectors of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzaeh play a key role in its specialization on locally grown indica or japonica local rice subspecies. Our results have indicated that major differences in several components of basal immunity and effector-triggered immunity of the japonica and indica rice varieties are associated with specialization of M...
December 23, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005969/mixed-infections-of-four-viruses-the-incidence-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-sweet-potato-chlorotic-fleck-virus-betaflexiviridae-isolates-in-wild-species-and-sweetpotatoes-in-uganda-and-evidence-of-distinct-isolates-in-east-africa
#19
Arthur K Tugume, Settumba B Mukasa, Jari P T Valkonen
Viruses infecting wild flora may have a significant negative impact on nearby crops, and vice-versa. Only limited information is available on wild species able to host economically important viruses that infect sweetpotatoes (Ipomoea batatas). In this study, Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus (SPCFV; Carlavirus, Betaflexiviridae) and Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV; Crinivirus, Closteroviridae) were surveyed in wild plants of family Convolvulaceae (genera Astripomoea, Ipomoea, Hewittia and Lepistemon) in Uganda...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004372/greenhouse-gas-emissions-during-plantation-stage-of-palm-oil-based-biofuel-production-addressing-different-land-conversion-scenarios-in-malaysia
#20
Faradiella Mohd Kusin, Nurul Izzati Mat Akhir, Ferdaus Mohamat-Yusuff, Muhamad Awang
The environmental impacts with regard to agro-based biofuel production have been associated with the impact of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In this study, field GHG emissions during plantation stage of palm oil-based biofuel production associated with land use changes for oil palm plantation development have been evaluated. Three different sites of different land use changes prior to oil palm plantation were chosen; converted land-use (large and small-scales) and logged-over forest. Field sampling for determination of soil N-mineralisation and soil organic carbon (SOC) was undertaken at the sites according to the age of palm, i...
December 21, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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