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Acute pulmonary oedema and HOCM

Thierry Fozing, Nayef Zouri, Oliver Adam, Cem Oezbek
A 44-year-old man, with a history of arterial hypertension, was referred with increasing shortness of breath due to a large pericardial effusion and imminent tamponade. Emergency ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis resulted in the rapid withdrawal of 2760 cc of serous fluid. 3 hours later, the patient developed acute pulmonary oedema, which was successfully treated. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy was later diagnosed and malignancy was excluded as a cause of the effusion. Clinicians performing pericardiocentesis need to be aware of pericardial decompression syndrome (PDS), a rare but serious complication...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
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