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Aorta bicuspide

Sang Min Park, Haemin Jeong, Kyung-Soon Hong, Christopher Kim
BACKGROUND: In a patient underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) due to bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) insufficiency without marked dilation of ascending aorta, the development of delayed-typed aneurysmal complication of ascending aorta has been often reported because the dilated aorta tends to grow insidiously with age. CASE SUMMARY: A 58-year-old man who underwent AVR with mechanical valve due to severe aortic regurgitation secondary to BAV 7 years previously presented with exertional chest discomfort for 1 year...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Justin T Tretter, Diane E Spicer, Shumpei Mori, Sathish Chikkabyrappa, Andrew N Redington, Robert H Anderson
A comprehensive understanding of the normal and abnormal aortic root is paramount if we are to improve not only our assessment of the aortic root and its components but also the surgical approach to reconstructing this complex structure when congenitally malformed. Most anatomic and imaging-based classifications of the normal root recognize and describe the basic components, which include the shape and size of the three aortic sinuses and their three valvar leaflets, as well as the sinutubular junction and proximal ascending aorta...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Christine Meindl, Birgit Achatz, Deborah Huber, Andrea Baessler, Ute Hubauer, Christa Meisinger, Christian Hengstenberg, Jeanette Erdmann, Stefan Buchner, Lars Maier, Heribert Schunkert, Kurt Debl, Marcus Fischer
BACKGROUND: The presence of coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is influenced by genetic factors and related to the presence of aneurysms in other vascular beds. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is frequently accompanied by ascending aortic aneurysm. Because the aortic valve and the proximal parts of the coronary arteries share a common embryonic origin, we hypothesized that CAE is associated with BAV disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred seventy-seven patients with suspected aortic valve disease (n=94 BAV, n=83 tricuspid aortic valve) underwent both cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and coronary angiography...
October 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Luc Cozijnsen, Hester J van der Zaag-Loonen, Martinus A Cozijnsen, Richard L Braam, Robin H Heijmen, Barbara J M Mulder
BACKGROUND: After aortic valve replacement (AVR), bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients continue to be at risk of aortic complications. Therefore, knowledge of native valve anatomy is important for follow-up. We aimed to determine the extent of which the presence of BAV disease is known in a regional post-AVR population. METHODS: The Electronical Medical Record system was used to collect all patients under follow-up after AVR. We documented their clinical data and used the operative report to determine valve phenotype; lacking reports were retrieved...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
K Pragnya, R K Jain, Sindhu Joshi, Sreedhar Nagaradona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Oliver J Harrison, Narain Moorjani, Christopher Torrens, Sunil K Ohri, Felino R Cagampang
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is the most common congenital cardiac abnormality and predisposes patients to life-threatening aortic complications including aortic aneurysm. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) is one of the most commonly used methods to investigate underlying molecular mechanisms involved in aortopathy. The accuracy of the gene expression data is dependent on normalization by appropriate housekeeping (HK) genes, whose expression should remain constant regardless of aortic valve morphology, aortic diameter and other factors associated with aortopathy...
2016: PloS One
Carmen Rueda-Martínez, M Carmen Fernández, María Teresa Soto-Navarrete, Manuel Jiménez-Navarro, Ana Carmen Durán, Borja Fernández
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most frequent congenital cardiac malformation in humans, and appears frequently associated with dilatation of the ascending aorta. This association is likely the result of a common aetiology. Currently, a Syrian hamster strain with a relatively high (∼40%) incidence of BAV constitutes the only spontaneous animal model of BAV disease. The characterization of molecular alterations in the aorta of hamsters with BAV may serve to identify pathophysiological mechanisms and molecular markers of disease in humans...
2016: PloS One
Josephina Haunschild, Isabel N Schellinger, Sandy von Salisch, Farhad Bakhtiary, Martin Misfeld, Friedrich Wilhelm Mohr, Uwe Raaz, Christian D Etz
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), the most frequent congenital cardiac abnormality, is associated with a higher risk for ascending aortic aneurysms and aorta-related complications (ie, dissection and rupture). The aim of this study was to quantify granular media calcinosis (GMC) in the ascending aortic wall of patients with BAV. METHODS: We analyzed samples of the ascending aorta from patients with BAV (n = 54) and patients with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) (n = 33) who underwent aortic repair, regarding medial thickness and diameter expansion...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Carmen Rueda-Martínez, Oscar Lamas, María José Mataró, Juan Robledo-Carmona, Gemma Sánchez-Espín, Inmaculada Moreno-Santos, Fernando Carrasco-Chinchilla, Pastora Gallego, Miguel Such-Martínez, Eduardo de Teresa, Manuel Jiménez-Navarro, Borja Fernández
OBJECTIVES: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most prevalent congenital cardiac malformation, frequently associated with aortic dilatation (AD). The molecular mechanisms involved in AD and its aetiological link with BAV formation are poorly understood. Altered fibrillin-1 (FBN1) and metalloprotease-2, -9 (MMP2,9) protein activities have been suggested to be involved in BAV aortopathy. In addition, FBN2 participates in embryonic valve formation, but its possible involvement in BAV-associated AD has never been explored...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
M R Chowdhury, O S Khan, R Hoque, M Aftabuddin
We have presented a case of ruptured aneurysm of sinus of valsalva, in a female of 24 years old, with the symptoms and signs of right heart failure. Diagnosis made by echocardiography. For further evaluation, cardiac catheterization was done. After improvement of her general condition, she was undergone operation. Per-operative findings were bicuspid aortic valve having no calcification. A fistulous tract having windsock appearance found in between fused RCC & NCC extending into the RV cavity, which was opened inferior to the tricuspid valve...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Joon Bum Kim, Matthew Spotnitz, Mark E Lindsay, Thomas E MacGillivray, Eric M Isselbacher, Thoralf M Sundt
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that many patients with acute type A aortic dissection (AD) have aortic diameters of <55 mm at presentation, prompting discussion of lowering the prophylactic surgical guidelines. However, risk of dissection at these smaller diameters is poorly defined. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to understand the risk of AD in moderately dilated ascending aortas using a large echocardiographic data set. METHODS: Using an institutional echocardiography database, we identified 4,654 nonsyndromic adults (age: 68...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Alexander Navarrete Santos, Junfeng Yan, Peter Lochmann, Heike Pfeil, Michael Petersen, Andreas Simm, Hendrik Treede, Hans H Sievers, Salah A Mohamed
Dilatation of the ascending aorta is a common occurrence in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The aim of the current study was to characterize collagen content in advanced glycation end products (AGEs) of dilated aortic tissue from two distinct areas, concave and convex aortic sites in patients with BAV and TAV. Collagen contents extracted from 100 mg tissue was isolated by enzymatic digestion using pepsin and the nondigested material was further digested using cyanogen bromide, insoluble collagen fraction (ICF) was extracted by hydrochloric acid hydrolysis...
September 5, 2016: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Shen Liu, Yi Shi, Ruofan Liu, Minghui Tong, Xiang Luo, Jianping Xu
BACKGROUND: Dilatation of the ascending aorta tends to develop in individuals with aortic valve disease. Reduction ascending aortoplasty (RAA) is an alternative procedure to ascending aortic replacement. This study was designed to identify the early prognosis of RAA for patients with aortic valve disease and dilatation of the ascending aorta. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2013, 102 patients with aortic valve disease and ascending aortic dilatation who had undergone aortic valve replacement combined with RAA were enrolled...
August 25, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Hojin Ha, Guk Bae Kim, Jihoon Kweon, Sang Joon Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Namkug Kim, Dong Hyun Yang
Since the first observation of a helical flow pattern in aortic blood flow, the existence of helical blood flow has been found to be associated with various pathological conditions such as bicuspid aortic valve, aortic stenosis, and aortic dilatation. However, an understanding of the development of helical blood flow and its clinical implications are still lacking. In our present study, we hypothesized that the direction and angle of aortic inflow can influence helical flow patterns and related hemodynamic features in the thoracic aorta...
2016: Scientific Reports
Julio Garcia, Alex J Barker, Jeremy D Collins, James C Carr, Michael Markl
PURPOSE: Absolute local normalized helicity (LNH) can differentiate flow alterations in the aorta between healthy controls and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients. METHODS: A total of 65 controls and 50 subjects with BAV underwent in vivo four-dimensional (4D) flow MRI. Data analysis included the three-dimensional (3D) segmentation of the thoracic aorta (ascending aorta, aortic arch, and descending aorta) and calculation of absolute LNH. The mean velocity in the entire aorta was used to identify peak systole, systolic deceleration, and middiastole...
August 19, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Nastaran Shahmansouri, Mohammed Alreshidan, Alexander Emmott, Kevin Lachapelle, Raymond Cartier, Richard L Leask, Rosaire Mongrain
Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAAs) can lead to a dissection or rupture of the aorta, causing death or disability of the patients. Surgical interventions used to treat this disease are associated with risks of mortality and morbidity. Several studies have investigated the rupture mechanisms of ATAAs; however, underlying reasons behind aortic rupture (failure) have not been fully elucidated and further investigations are necessary. The rupture of pathological aortic tissue is a local phenomenon resulting from defects or tears in the vessel wall...
December 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Hacı Ahmet Kasapkara, Abdullah Nabi Aslan, Hüseyin Ayhan, Murat Can Güney, Murat Akçay, Zeynep Şeyma Turinay, Tahir Durmaz, Telat Keleş, Engin Bozkurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of vascular disease. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the associations of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR; an indicator of inflammation) with left ventricular ejection fraction and ascending aorta diameter in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-nine consecutive patients with the diagnosis of BAV were enrolled in the study. Complete blood counts were analyzed for neutrophil and lymphocyte levels and NLR...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Jing Zhang, Guangpu Fan, Hui Zhao, Xu Wang, Zhiwei Wang, Peide Zhang, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the aortic diameter after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with a bicuspid (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) and an initially normal ascending aorta. METHODS: Patients with an ascending aortic diameter of < 45 mm who had undergone isolated AVR were studied. Ultrasonic cardiographic measurements of the ascending aortic diameter made pre- and postoperatively and follow-up data concerning adverse aortic events and death were analyzed...
August 2, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Susanne Schnell, Danielle A Smith, Alex J Barker, Pegah Entezari, Amir R Honarmand, Maria L Carr, S Chris Malaisrie, Patrick M McCarthy, Jeremy Collins, James C Carr, Michael Markl
AIMS: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is known to exhibit familial inheritance and is associated with aortopathy and altered aortic haemodynamics. However, it remains unclear whether BAV-related aortopathy can be inherited independently of valve morphology. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging for the in vivo assessment of thoracic aortic 3D blood flow was performed in 24 BAV relatives with trileaflet aortic valves (age = 40 ± 14 years) and 15 healthy controls (age = 37 ± 10 years)...
July 26, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Madelien V Regeer, Michel I M Versteegh, Robert J M Klautz, Martin J Schalij, Jeroen J Bax, Nina Ajmone Marsan, Victoria Delgado
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether aortic valve replacement (AVR) has an effect on the aortic root dilatation rate in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). The present study evaluated the pre- and postoperative annual aortic root dilatation rates in BAV and TAV. METHODS: A total of 93 patients (67 ± 11 years; 71% men) who underwent AVR between 2003 and 2013 and had at least 2 pre- and postoperative echocardiographic studies 1 year or more apart were included in this retrospective observational study...
July 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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