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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286489/attitudes-vs-purchase-behaviors-as-experienced-dissonance-the-roles-of-knowledge-and-consumer-orientations-in-organic-market
#1
María Hidalgo-Baz, Mercedes Martos-Partal, Óscar González-Benito
This research focuses on the incongruity between positive attitudinal responses but a lack of purchase behavior in organic markets. According to cognitive dissonance theory, consumer orientations toward the benefits attributed to organic products (environmental protection, health, hedonic) relieve the dissonance that results from this attitude-behavior incongruity. Knowledge also functions as a transmitter, from positive attitudes to purchase behaviors, thereby reducing the incongruity. Using quota sampling in a survey study, this paper tests the hypotheses from linear regression models...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281934/integron-occurrence-is-linked-to-reduced-biocide-susceptibility-in-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#2
Ashraf A Kadry, Fathy M Serry, Amira M El-Ganiny, Ahmed M El-Baz
OBJECTIVE: Integrons are gene acquisition systems commonly found in bacterial genomes that play a major role in the dissemination of resistance to antibiotics. This work aimed to study the relationship between the presence of integrons and the reduced susceptibility of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates towards different groups of biocides. METHODS: The antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of 104 clinical isolates were determined against different antibiotics by the disk diffusion method...
March 10, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280519/3d-kidney-segmentation-from-abdominal-images-using-spatial-appearance-models
#3
Fahmi Khalifa, Ahmed Soliman, Adel Elmaghraby, Georgy Gimel'farb, Ayman El-Baz
Kidney segmentation is an essential step in developing any noninvasive computer-assisted diagnostic system for renal function assessment. This paper introduces an automated framework for 3D kidney segmentation from dynamic computed tomography (CT) images that integrates discriminative features from the current and prior CT appearances into a random forest classification approach. To account for CT images' inhomogeneities, we employ discriminate features that are extracted from a higher-order spatial model and an adaptive shape model in addition to the first-order CT appearance...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276463/regression-of-devil-facial-tumour-disease-following-immunotherapy-in-immunised-tasmanian-devils
#4
Cesar Tovar, Ruth J Pye, Alexandre Kreiss, Yuanyuan Cheng, Gabriella K Brown, Jocelyn Darby, Roslyn C Malley, Hannah V T Siddle, Karsten Skjødt, Jim Kaufman, Anabel Silva, Adriana Baz Morelli, Anthony T Papenfuss, Lynn M Corcoran, James M Murphy, Martin J Pearse, Katherine Belov, A Bruce Lyons, Gregory M Woods
Devil facial tumour disease (DFTD) is a transmissible cancer devastating the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) population. The cancer cell is the 'infectious' agent transmitted as an allograft by biting. Animals usually die within a few months with no evidence of antibody or immune cell responses against the DFTD allograft. This lack of anti-tumour immunity is attributed to an absence of cell surface major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-I molecule expression. While the endangerment of the devil population precludes experimentation on large experimental groups, those examined in our study indicated that immunisation and immunotherapy with DFTD cells expressing surface MHC-I corresponded with effective anti-tumour responses...
March 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276307/insecticidal-activity-of-a-moroccan-strain-of-streptomyces-phaeochromogenes-ld-37-on-larvae-pupae-and-adults-of-the-mediterranean-fruit-fly-ceratitis-capitata-diptera-tephritidae
#5
S E Samri, M Baz, I Ghalbane, S El Messoussi, A Zitouni, A El Meziane, M Barakate
The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata, is considered the most important fruit pest worldwide. Its management is mainly based on the use of chemical insecticides. Although these conventional pesticides are effective at high doses, they cause considerable human health and environment problems. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess insecticidal activity of Moroccan actinobacteria against C. capitata. A total of 12 preselected actinobacteria isolated from various Moroccan habitats were screened for their insecticidal activity against larvae, pupae and adults of C...
April 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264008/women-s-autonomy-and-men-s-involvement-in-child-care-and-feeding-as-predictors-of-infant-and-young-child-anthropometric-indices-in-coffee-farming-households-of-jimma-zone-south-west-of-ethiopia
#6
Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Most of child mortality and under nutrition in developing world were attributed to suboptimal childcare and feeding, which needs detailed investigation beyond the proximal factors. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing associations of women's autonomy and men's involvement with child anthropometric indices in cash crop livelihood areas of South West Ethiopia. METHODS: Multi-stage stratified sampling was used to select 749 farming households living in three coffee producing sub-districts of Jimma zone, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262967/strigolactone-biosynthesis-is-evolutionarily-conserved-regulated-by-phosphate-starvation-and-contributes-to-resistance-against-phytopathogenic-fungi-in-a-moss-physcomitrella-patens
#7
Eva L Decker, Adrian Alder, Stefan Hunn, Jenny Ferguson, Mikko T Lehtonen, Bjoern Scheler, Klaus L Kerres, Gertrud Wiedemann, Vajiheh Safavi-Rizi, Steffen Nordzieke, Aparna Balakrishna, Lina Baz, Javier Avalos, Jari P T Valkonen, Ralf Reski, Salim Al-Babili
In seed plants, strigolactones (SLs) regulate architecture and induce mycorrhizal symbiosis in response to environmental cues. SLs are formed by combined activity of the carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (CCDs) 7 and 8 from 9-cis-β-carotene, leading to carlactone that is converted by cytochromes P450 (clade 711; MAX1 in Arabidopsis) into various SLs. As Physcomitrella patens possesses CCD7 and CCD8 homologs but lacks MAX1, we investigated if PpCCD7 together with PpCCD8 form carlactone and how deletion of these enzymes influences growth and interactions with the environment...
March 6, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257515/new-evidence-for-the-therapeutic-potential-of-curcumin-to-treat-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-humans
#8
María Eugenia Inzaugarat, Elena De Matteo, Placida Baz, Diego Lucero, Cecilia Claudia García, Esteban Gonzalez Ballerga, Jorge Daruich, Juan Antonio Sorda, Miriam Ruth Wald, Alejandra Claudia Cherñavsky
INTRODUCTION: The immune system acts on different metabolic tissues that are implicated in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Leptin and linoleic acid have the ability to potentially affect immune cells, whereas curcumin is a known natural polyphenol with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. AIMS: This study was designed to evaluate the pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidant effects of leptin and linoleic acid on immune cells from patients with NAFLD and to corroborate the modulatory effects of curcumin and its preventive properties against the progression of NAFLD using a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis mouse model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236619/comparison-between-acupuncture-and-biofeedback-as-adjunctive-treatments-for-primary-insomnia-disorder
#9
Hsien-Te Huang, Shang-Lun Lin, Chi-Hung Lin, Dong-Sheng Tzeng
Context • Insomnia affects from 5% to 35% of the general population worldwide. Primary insomnia disorder is the most frequently diagnosed, sleep-related disorder. Pharmacological treatments remain the most widely used treatments for insomnia. Nonpharmacological treatments for primary insomnia disorder have been found to be effective. Objective • This study intended to determine the appropriateness of acupuncture and biofeedback as adjuncts to medication for primary insomnia disorder. Design • The research team designed a randomized, controlled study...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230523/combined-effectiveness-of-prior-and-current-season-influenza-vaccination-in-northern-spain-2016-17-mid-season-analysis
#10
Jesús Castilla, Ana Navascués, Itziar Casado, Jorge Díaz-González, Alejandra Pérez-García, Leticia Fernandino, Iván Martínez-Baz, Aitziber Aguinaga, Francisco Pozo, Carmen Ezpeleta
The 2016/17 mid-season vaccine effectiveness estimate against influenza A(H3N2) was 15% (95% confidence interval: -11 to 35) in Navarre. Comparing to individuals unvaccinated in the current and four prior seasons, effectiveness was 24% for current and 3-4 prior doses, 61% for current and 1-2 prior doses, 42% for only current vaccination, and 58% for 3-4 prior doses. This suggests moderate effectiveness for different combinations of vaccination in the current and prior seasons.
February 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224092/language-and-cognitive-outcome-for-high-risk-neonates-at-the-age-of-2-3-years-experience-from-an-arab-country
#11
Tamer Abou-Elsaad, Hesham Abdel-Hady, Hemmat Baz, Doaa ElShabrawi
AIM: To investigate the effect of different neonatal risk factors on different language parameters as well as cognitive abilities among Arabic speaking Egyptian children at the age of two to three years of life and to find out which risk factor(s) had the greatest impact on language and cognitive abilities. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on 103 children with age range of 2-3 years (median age 31 mo). They were 62 males and 41 females who were exposed to different high-risk factors in the perinatal period, with exclusion of metabolic disorders, sepsis/meningitis, congenital anomalies and chromosomal aberrations...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209315/impact-of-apoe-genotypes-variations-on-toxoplasma-patients-with-dementia
#12
Raida S Yahya, Soha I Awad, Hatim A El-Baz, Niveen Saudy, Osama A Abdelsalam, Mohamed S Shehab Al-Din
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma deprives host neuron cells from cholesterol and leads to its ability to potentiate dementia. ApoE intermediates neuronal transmission of cholesterol, which is a key constituent for axonal development, redesigning occasions that are important for education and synaptic arrangement, development of memory and repair of neuron. The aim of this work is to investigate the effect of ApoE genotypes on dementia associated with neurodegeneration in latent Toxoplasma gondii in elderly population...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199957/targeting-kv7-channels-in-pain-pathways
#13
EDITORIAL
Ivan Rivera-Arconada, Jorge Vicente-Baz, Jose Antonio Lopez-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170032/effect-of-repeated-vaccination-with-the-same-vaccine-component-against-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09
#14
Iván Martínez-Baz, Itziar Casado, Ana Navascués, Jorge Díaz-González, Aitziber Aguinaga, Laura Barrado, Josu Delfrade, Carmen Ezpeleta, Jesús Castilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167003/visual-speech-alters-the-discrimination-and-identification-of-non-intact-auditory-speech-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#15
Susan Jerger, Markus F Damian, Rachel P McAlpine, Hervé Abdi
OBJECTIVES: Understanding spoken language is an audiovisual event that depends critically on the ability to discriminate and identify phonemes yet we have little evidence about the role of early auditory experience and visual speech on the development of these fundamental perceptual skills. Objectives of this research were to determine 1) how visual speech influences phoneme discrimination and identification; 2) whether visual speech influences these two processes in a like manner, such that discrimination predicts identification; and 3) how the degree of hearing loss affects this relationship...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166417/detection-of-microspheres-in-vivo-using-multispectral-optoacoustic-tomography
#16
N Bhutiani, C W Kimbrough, N C Burton, S Morscher, M Egger, K McMasters, A Woloszynska-Read, A El-Baz, L R McNally
We introduce a new approach to detect individual microparticles that contain NIR fluorescent dye by multispectral optoacoustic tomography in the context of the hemoglobin-rich environment within murine liver. We encapsulated a near infrared (NIR) fluorescent dye within polystyrene microspheres, then injected them into the ileocolic vein, which drains to the liver. NIR absorption was determined using multispectral optoacoustic tomography. To quantitate the minimum diameter of microspheres, we used both colorimetric and spatial information to segment the regions in which the microspheres appear...
February 6, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148680/the-plasma-proteome-is-associated-with-anthropometric-status-of-undernourished-nepalese-school-aged-children
#17
Sun Eun Lee, Christine P Stewart, Kerry J Schulze, Robert N Cole, Lee S-F Wu, James D Yager, John D Groopman, Subarna K Khatry, Ramesh Kant Adhikari, Parul Christian, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition affects body growth, size, and composition of children. Yet, few functional biomarkers are known to be associated with childhood morphology. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study examined associations of anthropometric indicators of height, musculature, and fat mass with plasma proteins by using proteomics in a population cohort of school-aged Nepalese children. METHODS: Height, weight, midupper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps and subscapular skinfolds, upper arm muscle area (AMA), and arm fat area (AFA) were assessed in 500 children 6-8 y of age...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127367/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-delo-mena-district-south-eastern-ethiopia
#18
Begna Tulu, Solomon Taye, Yohannes Zenebe, Eden Amsalu
BACKGROUND: Although there are efforts being underway to control and prevent intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in Ethiopia, they are still endemic and responsible for significant morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IPIs and their association with nutritional status among primary school children of Delo-Mena district, South Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2013. Demographic data was obtained, and IPIs was investigated in a single-stool sample by both direct stool examination and formol-ether concentration techniques...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124089/evening-primrose-oil-or-forskolin-ameliorates-celecoxib-enhanced-upregulation-of-tissue-factor-expression-in-mice-subjected-to-lipopolysaccharide-induced-endotoxemia
#19
Sarah M Mosaad, Sawsan A Zaitone, Amal A M Ahmed, Dina M Abo-Elmatty, Amani A El-Baz, Yasser M Moustafa
Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, produces thrombotic events in patients predisposed to cardiovascular risk factors. One theory reported an increase in endothelial expression of tissue factor (TF) as a predisposing factor. This work explored the effect of evening primrose oil (EPO), a source of prostaglandin E1, and forskolin (a cyclic adenosine monophosphate stimulator) against the prothrombotic effect of celecoxib in mice. Lipopolysaccharide mouse model of endotoxemia was used to induce an upregulation of TF activity...
January 26, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113657/accurate-lungs-segmentation-on-ct-chest-images-by-adaptive-appearance-guided-shape-modeling
#20
Ahmed Soliman, Fahmi Khalifa, Ahmed Elnakib, Mohamed Abou El-Ghar, Neal Dunlap, Brian Wang, Georgy Gimel'farb, Robert Keynton, Ayman El-Baz
To accurately segment pathological and healthy lungs for reliable computer-aided disease diagnostics, a stack of chest CT scans is modeled as a sample of a spatially inhomogeneous joint 3D Markov-Gibbs random field (MGRF) of voxel-wise lung and chest CT image signals (intensities). The proposed learnable MGRF integrates two visual appearance sub models with an adaptive lung shape submodel. The first-order appearance submodel accounts for both the original CT image and its Gaussian scale space (GSS) filtered version to specify local and global signal properties, respectively...
September 12, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
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