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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339208/doubly-resonant-photonic-antenna-for-single-infrared-quantum-dot-imaging-at-telecommunication-wavelengths
#1
Zhihua Xie, Yannick Lefier, Miguel Angel Suarez, Mathieu Mivelle, Roland Salut, Jean-Marc Merolla, Thierry Grosjean
Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have drawn strong interest in the past for their high prospects in scientific, medical, and industrial applications. However, the full characterization of these quantum emitters is currently restricted to the visible wavelengths, and it remains a key challenge to optically probe single CQDs operating in the infrared spectral domain, which is targeted by a growing number of applications. Here, we report the first experimental detection and imaging at room temperature of single infrared CQDs operating at telecommunication wavelengths...
March 24, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335487/electromagnetic-vortex-based-radar-imaging-using-a-single-receiving-antenna-theory-and-experimental-results
#2
Tiezhu Yuan, Hongqiang Wang, Yongqiang Cheng, Yuliang Qin
Radar imaging based on electromagnetic vortex can achieve azimuth resolution without relative motion. The present paper investigates this imaging technique with the use of a single receiving antenna through theoretical analysis and experimental results. Compared with the use of multiple receiving antennas, the echoes from a single receiver cannot be used directly for image reconstruction using Fourier method. The reason is revealed by using the point spread function. An additional phase is compensated for each mode before imaging process based on the array parameters and the elevation of the targets...
March 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335424/an-alternative-wearable-tracking-system-based-on-a-low-power-wide-area-network
#3
Raul Fernández-Garcia, Ignacio Gil
This work presents an alternative wearable tracking system based on a low-power wide area network. A complete GPS receiver was integrated with a textile substrate, and the latitude and longitude coordinates were sent to the cloud by means of the SIM-less SIGFOX network. To send the coordinates over SIGFOX protocol, a specific codification algorithm was used and a customized UHF antenna on jeans fabric was designed, simulated and tested. Moreover, to guarantee the compliance to international regulations for human body exposure to electromagnetic radiation, the electromagnetic specific absorption rate of this antenna was analyzed...
March 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335415/time-modulated-arrays-from-their-origin-to-their-utilization-in-wireless-communication-systems
#4
REVIEW
Roberto Maneiro-Catoira, Julio Brégains, José A García-Naya, Luis Castedo
Time-modulated arrays (TMAs) are electromagnetic systems whose radiated power pattern is controlled by the application of variable-width periodical pulses to the individual elements. The nonlinear nature of the array operation causes the appearance of radiation patterns at the harmonic frequencies of such periodic pulses. The technique can be used for improving the side-lobe level (SLL) topology of the radiation pattern at the central frequency and/or to profitably exploit the harmonic patterns in order to supply smart antenna capabilities...
March 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334400/a-bio-economic-case-study-of-canadian-honey-bee-hymenoptera-apidae-colonies-marker-assisted-selection-mas-in-queen-breeding-affects-beekeeper-profits
#5
Miriam Bixby, Kathy Baylis, Shelley E Hoover, Rob W Currie, Andony P Melathopoulos, Stephen F Pernal, Leonard J Foster, M Marta Guarna
Over the past decade in North America and Europe, winter losses of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies have increased dramatically. Scientific consensus attributes these losses to multifactorial causes including altered parasite and pathogen profiles, lack of proper nutrition due to agricultural monocultures, exposure to pesticides, management, and weather. One method to reduce colony loss and increase productivity is through selective breeding of queens to produce disease-, pathogen-, and mite-resistant stock...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334209/comparative-study-of-chemosensory-organs-of-shrimp-from-hydrothermal-vent-and-coastal-environments
#6
Magali Zbinden, Camille Berthod, Nicolas Montagné, Julia Machon, Nelly Léger, Thomas Chertemps, Nicolas Rabet, Bruce Shillito, Juliette Ravaux
The detection of chemical signals is involved in a variety of crustacean behaviors, such as social interactions, search and evaluation of food and navigation in the environment. At hydrothermal vents, endemic shrimp may use the chemical signature of vent fluids to locate active edifices, however little is known on their sensory perception in these remote deep-sea habitats. Here, we present the first comparative description of the sensilla on the antennules and antennae of 4 hydrothermal vent shrimp (Rimicaris exoculata, Mirocaris fortunata, Chorocaris chacei, and Alvinocaris markensis) and of a closely related coastal shrimp (Palaemon elegans)...
February 22, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333119/wideband-spectrum-sensing-based-on-riemannian-distance-for-cognitive-radio-networks
#7
Qiuyuan Lu, Shengzhi Yang, Fan Liu
Detecting the signals of the primary users in the wideband spectrum is a key issue for cognitive radio networks. In this paper, we consider the multi-antenna based signal detection in a wideband spectrum scenario where the noise statistical characteristics are assumed to be unknown. We reason that the covariance matrices of the spectrum subbands have structural constraints and that they describe a manifold in the signal space. Thus, we propose a novel signal detection algorithm based on Riemannian distance and Riemannian mean which is different from the traditional eigenvalue-based detector (EBD) derived with the generalized likelihood ratio criterion...
March 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333076/a-passive-temperature-sensing-antenna-based-on-a-bimetal-strip-coil
#8
Xianwei Shi, Fan Yang, Shenheng Xu, Maokun Li
A passive temperature-sensing antenna is presented in this paper, which consists of a meandering dipole, a bimetal strip and a back cavity. The meandering dipole is divided into two parts: the lower feeding part and the upper radiating part, which maintain electric contact during operation. As a sensing component, a bimetal strip coil offers a twisting force to rotate the lower feeding part of the antenna when the temperature varies. As a result, the effective length of the dipole antenna changes, leading to a shift of the resonant frequency...
March 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331632/group-housed-females-promote-production-of-asexual-ootheca-in-american-cockroaches
#9
Ko Katoh, Masazumi Iwasaki, Shouhei Hosono, Atsushi Yoritsune, Masanori Ochiai, Makoto Mizunami, Hiroshi Nishino
BACKGROUND: Facultative parthenogenesis, seen in many animal phyla, is a reproductive strategy in which females are able to generate offspring when mating partners are unavailable. In some subsocial and eusocial insects, parthenogenesis is often more prevalent than sexual reproduction. However, little is known about how social cooperation is linked to the promotion of parthenogenesis. The domiciliary cockroach Periplaneta americana is well-suited to addressing this issue as this species belongs to the superfamily Blattoidea, which diverged into eusocial termites and shows facultative parthenogenesis...
2017: Zoological Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331407/designation-of-a-neotype-and-redescription-of-hesione-reticulata-von-marenzeller-1879-from-japan-annelida-hesionidae
#10
Naoto Jimi, Sergio I Salazar-Vallejo, Hiroshi Kajihara
The hesionid polychaete Hesione reticulata von Marenzeller, 1879 was described from Enoshima Island, Japan and has been recorded also from the Red Sea. Depending on researchers, it has been regarded as either a distinct species or synonymous with older established ones. The type specimen has been lost. In order to clarify its taxonomic status, Hesione reticulata is herein redescribed, illustrated, and a neotype is proposed based on recent material collected near the type locality. The diagnostic features include the presence of several dorsal, discontinuous longitudinal bands, interrupted by pale segmental spots; prostomium with tiny antennae; a tuberculated dorsal integument; acicular lobes double; and neurochaetal blades with guards approaching the distal tooth...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331403/the-genus-alaolacon-cand%C3%A3-ze-a-senior-synonym-of-the-genus-eumoeus-cand%C3%A3-ze-coleoptera-elateridae-agrypninae
#11
Kôichi Arimoto, Hisayuki Arimoto
Alaolacon Candèze, 1865 is found to be a senior synonym of Eumoeus Candèze, 1874, Luzonicus Fleutiaux, 1916 and Tharopsides Fleutiaux, 1918. Alaolacon is represented by Alaolacon bakeri (Fleutiaux, 1916), comb. n., Alaolacon candezei Fleutiaux, 1928, Alaolacon cyanipennis Candèze, 1865, Alaolacon fujiokaisp. n., Alaolacon griseus Candèze, 1874, Alaolacon megalopussp. n., Alaolacon murrayi (Candèze, 1874), comb. n., and Alaolacon philippinensisnom. n. This genus is redescribed based on the descriptions of three species, Alaolacon candezei, Alaolacon fujiokai, and Alaolacon megalopus as well as the examination of the holotypes of Alaolacon cyanipennis and Alaolacon murrayi comb...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331176/novel-microwave-torso-scanner-for-thoracic-fluid-accumulation-diagnosis-and-monitoring
#12
S Ahdi Rezaeieh, A Zamani, K S Bialkowski, A M Abbosh
Thoracic fluid accumulation is one of the significant and early-stage manifestations of fatal diseases, such as lung-cancer, liver-failure and congestive heart-failure. Currently, computational-tomography (CT)-Scan is the most widely used tool for the detection of thoracic fluid. Yet, it is unable to detect small amounts of fluid, has ionizing radiation and lacks mobility. On the other hand, microwave imaging systems have emerged as an accurate and portable complementary diagnostic tool. However, there is a lack of a complete clinical platform that can fulfill the requirements of accurate and reliable imaging...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325961/a-new-subterranean-species-of-pseudocrangonyx-from-china-with-an-identification-key-to-all-species-of-the-genus-crustacea-amphipoda-pseudocrangonyctidae
#13
Shuangyan Zhao, Zhonge Hou
A subterranean species of Pseudocrangonyx elegantulus Hou, sp. n. is described from caves of Wulongdong National Forest Park in Henan Province, China. Pseudocrangonyx elegantulus is characterized by both male and female with calceoli on antenna II; urosomite III dorsal margin without armature; uropod III with peduncle 0.30 times as long as outer ramus and terminal article of the outer ramus a little shorter than adjacent spines; telson cleft 0.27 of its length. Phylogenetic analysis based on 28S and COI sequences supported the species distinctness...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324976/meandered-conformai-antenna-for-ism-band-ingestible-capsule-communication-systems
#14
Md Shamsul Arefin, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet Rasit Yuce
The wireless capsule has been used to measure physiological parameters in the gastrointestinal tract where communication from in-body to external receiver is necessary using a miniaturized antenna with high gain and onmidirectional radiation pattern. This paper presents a meandered conformal antenna with center frequency of 433 MHz for a wireless link between an in-body capsule system and an ex-body receiver system. The antenna is wrapped around the wireless capsule, which provides extra space for other circuits and sensors inside the capsule as well as allows it having larger dimensions compared to inner antennas...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324928/design-of-a-dual-slot-antenna-for-small-animal-microwave-ablation-studies
#15
Tyler J Moon, Christopher L Brace
This study presents the development of a dual-slot antenna for small animal tumor ablation. By using a dual-slot design at 8 GHz, it was hypothesized that smaller and more spherical ablations can be produced. After computer-aided design optimization, antennas were fabricated and ablations performed at 5-20 W for 15-120 s with the objective of creating ablations with a diameter/length aspect ratio of at least 0.9. The new dual-slot design at 8 GHz created significantly more spherical ablations than a commercial antenna at 2...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322328/5d-imaging-via-light-sheet-microscopy-reveals-cell-dynamics-during-the-eye-antenna-disc-primordium-formation-in-drosophila
#16
Yu Shan Huang, Hui Yu Ku, Yun Chi Tsai, Chin Hao Chang, Sih Hua Pao, Y Henry Sun, Arthur Chiou
5D images of engrailed (en) and eye gone (eyg) gene expressions during the course of the eye-antenna disc primordium (EADP) formation of Drosophila embryos from embryonic stages 13 through 16 were recorded via light sheet microscopy and analyzed to reveal the cell dynamics involved in the development of the EADP. Detailed analysis of the time-lapsed images revealed the process of EADP formation and its invagination trajectory, which involved an inversion of the EADP anterior-posterior axis relative to the body...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319223/kinetics-and-heterogeneity-of-energy-transfer-from-light-harvesting-complex-ii-to-photosystem-i-in-the-supercomplex-isolated-from-arabidopsis
#17
Stefano Santabarbara, Tania Tibiletti, William Remelli, Stefano Caffarri
State transitions are a phenomenon that maintains the excitation balance between photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI-LHCI) by controlling their relative absorption cross-sections. Under light conditions exciting PSII preferentially, a trimeric LHCII antenna moves from PSII to PSI-LHCI to form the PSI-LHCI-LHCII supercomplex. In this work, the excited state dynamics in the PSI-LHCI and PSI-LHCI-LHCII supercomplexes isolated from Arabidopsis have been investigated by picosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy...
March 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316341/ground-based-measurements-of-the-1-3-to-0-3-millimeter-spectrum-of-jupiter-and-saturn-and-their-detailed-calibration
#18
Juan R Pardo, Eugene Serabyn, Martina C Wiedner, Raphäel Moreno, Glenn Orton
One of the legacies of the now retired Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) is presented in this paper. We measured for the first time the emission of the giant planets Jupiter and Saturn across the 0.3 to 1.3 mm wavelength range using a Fourier Transform Spectrometer mounted on the 10.4-meter dish of the CSO at Mauna Kea, Hawaii, 4100 meters above sea level. A careful calibration, including the evaluation of the antenna performance over such a wide wavelength range and the removal of the Earth's atmosphere effects, has allowed the detection of broad absorption lines on those planets' atmospheres...
July 1, 2017: Icarus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315315/connectivity-among-photosystem-ii-centers-in-phytoplankters-patterns-and-responses
#19
Kui Xu, Jessica L Grant-Burt, Natalie Donaher, Douglas A Campbell
Fast Repetition and Relaxation chlorophyll fluorescence induction is used to estimate the effective absorption cross section of PSII (σPSII), to analyze phytoplankton acclimation and electron transport. The fitting coefficient ρ measures excitation transfer from closed PSII to remaining open PSII upon illumination, which could theoretically generate a progressive increase in σPSII for the remaining open PSII. To investigate how ρ responds to illumination we grew marine phytoplankters with diverse antenna structures (Prochlorococcus, Synechococcus, Ostreococcus and Thalassiosira pseudonana) under limiting or saturating growth light...
March 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306262/twisting-fluorescence-through-extrinsic-chiral-antennas
#20
Chen Yan, Xiaolong Wang, T V Raziman, Olivier J F Martin
Plasmonic antennas and planar structures have been undergoing intensive developments in order to control the scattering and absorption of light. One specific class, extrinsic chiral surfaces, that does not possess 2-fold rotational symmetry exhibits strong asymmetric transmission for different circular polarizations under obliquely incident illumination. In this work, we show that the design of those surfaces can be optimized with complex multipolar resonances in order to twist the fluorescence emission from nearby molecules...
March 22, 2017: Nano Letters
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