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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106843/underwater-electromagnetic-sensor-networks-part-i-link-characterization
#1
Gara Quintana-Díaz, Pablo Mena-Rodríguez, Iván Pérez-Álvarez, Eugenio Jiménez, Blas-Pablo Dorta-Naranjo, Santiago Zazo, Marina Pérez, Eduardo Quevedo, Laura Cardona, J Joaquín Hernández
Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) using electromagnetic (EM) technology in marine shallow waters are examined, not just for environmental monitoring but for further interesting applications. Particularly, the use of EM waves is reconsidered in shallow waters due to the benefits offered in this context, where acoustic and optical technologies have serious disadvantages. Sea water scenario is a harsh environment for radiocommunications, and there is no standard model for the underwater EM channel. The high conductivity of sea water, the effect of seabed and the surface make the behaviour of the channel hard to predict...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106115/broadband-unidirectional-behavior-of-electromagnetic-waves-based-on-transformation-optics
#2
XiaoFei Zang, YiMing Zhu, XueBin Ji, Lin Chen, Qing Hu, SongLin Zhuang
High directive antennas are fundamental elements for microwave communication and information processing. Here, inspired by the method of transformation optics, we propose and demonstrate a transformation medium to control the transmission path of a point source, resulting in the unidirectional behavior of electromagnetic waves (directional emitter) without any reflectors. The network of inductor-capacitor transmission lines is designed to experimentally realize the transformation medium. Furthermore, the designed device can work in a broadband frequency range...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102320/polarization-conversion-in-plasmonic-nanoantennas-for-metasurfaces-using-structural-asymmetry-and-mode-hybridization
#3
Peter R Wiecha, Leo-Jay Black, Yudong Wang, Vincent Paillard, Christian Girard, Otto L Muskens, Arnaud Arbouet
Polarization control using single plasmonic nanoantennas is of interest for subwavelength optical components in nano-optical circuits and metasurfaces. Here, we investigate the role of two mechanisms for polarization conversion by plasmonic antennas: Structural asymmetry and plasmon hybridization through strong coupling. As a model system we investigate L-shaped antennas consisting of two orthogonal nanorods which lengths and coupling strength can be independently controlled. An analytical model based on field susceptibilities is developed to extract key parameters and to address the influence of antenna morphology and excitation wavelength on polarization conversion efficiency and scattering intensities...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102318/transcriptional-profiling-of-olfactory-system-development-identifies-distal-antenna-as-a-regulator-of-subset-of-neuronal-fates
#4
Scott Barish, Qingyun Li, Jia W Pan, Charlie Soeder, Corbin Jones, Pelin C Volkan
Drosophila uses 50 different olfactory receptor neuron (ORN) classes that are clustered within distinct sensilla subtypes to decipher their chemical environment. Each sensilla subtype houses 1-4 ORN identities that arise through asymmetric divisions of a single sensory organ precursor (SOP). Despite a number of mutational studies investigating the regulation of ORN development, a majority of the transcriptional programs that lead to the different ORN classes in the developing olfactory system are unknown. Here we use transcriptional profiling across the time series of antennal development to identify novel transcriptional programs governing the differentiation of ORNs...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098807/throughput-measurement-of-a-dual-band-mimo-rectangular-dielectric-resonator-antenna-for-lte-applications
#5
Jamal Nasir, Mohd Haizal Jamaluddin, Aftab Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Ramlee Kamarudin, Bruce Leow Chee Yen, Owais Owais
An L-shaped dual-band multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) rectangular dielectric resonator antenna (RDRA) for long term evolution (LTE) applications is proposed. The presented antenna can transmit and receive information independently using fundamental TE111 and higher order TE121 modes of the DRA. TE111 degenerate mode covers LTE band 2 (1.85-1.99 GHz), 3 (1.71-1.88 GHz), and 9 (1.7499-1.7849 GHz) at fr = 1.8 GHz whereas TE121 covers LTE band 7 (2.5-2.69 GHz) at fr = 2.6 GHz, respectively. An efficient design method has been used to reduce mutual coupling between ports by changing the effective permittivity values of DRA by introducing a cylindrical air-gap at an optimal position in the dielectric resonator...
January 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098350/endogenous-circadian-rhythms-in-pigment-composition-induce-changes-in-photochemical-efficiency-in-plant-canopies
#6
José Ignacio García-Plazaola, Beatriz Fernández-Marín, Juan Pedro Ferrio, Josu G Alday, Günter Hoch, Damien Landais, Alexandru Milcu, David T Tissue, Jordi Voltas, Arthur Gessler, Jacques Roy, Víctor Resco de Dios
There is increasing evidence that the circadian clock is a significant driver of photosynthesis that becomes apparent when environmental cues are experimentally held constant. We studied whether the composition of photosynthetic pigments is under circadian regulation, and whether pigment oscillations lead to rhythmic changes in photochemical efficiency. To address these questions, canopies of bean and cotton were maintained, after an entrainment phase, under constant (light or darkness) conditions for 30-48 h...
January 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094990/bridging-the-gap-between-dielectric-nanophotonics-and-the-visible-regime-with-effectively-lossless-gap-antennas
#7
Javier Cambiasso, Gustavo Grinblat, Yi Li, Aliaksandra Rakovich, Emiliano Cortés, Stefan A Maier
We present all-dielectric gallium phosphide (GaP) nanoantennas as an efficient nanophotonic platform for surface-enhanced second harmonic generation (SHG) and fluorescence (SEF), showing negligible losses in the visible range. Employing single GaP nanodisks, we observe an increase of more than three orders of magnitude in the SHG signal in comparison with the bulk. This constitutes an SHG efficiency as large as 0.0002%, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest yet achieved value produced by a single nano-object in the optical region...
January 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094781/ultrastructure-of-sensilla-of-antennae-and-ovipositor-of-sitotroga-cerealella-lepidoptera-gelechiidae-and-location-of-female-sex-pheromone-gland
#8
Min Ma, Meng-Meng Chang, Yan Lu, Chao-Liang Lei, Feng-Lian Yang
The Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella, is a serious pest of stored grains worldwide. Presently, the best effective control against the moth is to disrupt the sexual communication between sexes. Sexual communication in moths includes two processes in which females produce and release pheromones from the sex pheromone gland and males detect and respond to them with a relatively sophisticated olfactory system in their antennae. To better understand these processes, we studied the ultrastructure of antennal and ovipositor sensilla of S...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091883/ground-penetrating-radar-gpr-responses-for-sub-surface-salt-contamination-and-solid-waste-modeling-and-controlled-lysimeter-studies
#9
Y N S Wijewardana, A T Shilpadi, M I M Mowjood, K Kawamoto, L W Galagedara
The assessment of polluted areas and municipal solid waste (MSW) sites using non-destructive geophysical methods is timely and much needed in the field of environmental monitoring and management. The objectives of this study are (i) to evaluate the ground-penetrating radar (GPR) wave responses as a result of different electrical conductivity (EC) in groundwater and (ii) to conduct MSW stratification using a controlled lysimeter and modeling approach. A GPR wave simulation was carried out using GprMax2D software, and the field test was done on two lysimeters that were filled with sand (Lysimeter-1) and MSW (Lysimeter-2)...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091663/markedly-enhanced-up-conversion-luminescence-by-combining-ir-808-dye-sensitization-and-core-shell-shell-structures
#10
Jiating Xu, Mingdi Sun, Ye Kuang, Huiting Bi, Bin Liu, Dan Yang, Ruichan Lv, Shili Gai, Fei He, Piaoping Yang
Rare-earth-doped up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), which are capable of converting infrared light to shorter-wavelength photons, have attracted worldwide attention due to their unique characteristics. However, the emission brightness of UCNPs is greatly limited by the unsatisfactory absorptivity of lanthanide ions. Herein, we adopted a novel strategy to enhance the up-conversion intensity using NIR dye IR-808 as an antenna to sensitize the core-shell-shell structured NaGdF4:Yb,Er@NaGdF4:Yb@NaNdF4:Yb UCNPs...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091590/high-performance-magneto-fluorescent-nanoparticles-assembled-from-terbium-and-gadolinium-1-3-diketones
#11
Rustem Zairov, Asiya Mustafina, Nataliya Shamsutdinova, Irek Nizameev, Beatriz Moreira, Svetlana Sudakova, Sergey Podyachev, Alfia Fattakhova, Gulnara Safina, Ingemar Lundstrom, Aidar Gubaidullin, Alberto Vomiero
Polyelectrolyte-coated nanoparticles consisting of terbium and gadolinium complexes with calix[4]arene tetra-diketone ligand were first synthesized. The antenna effect of the ligand on Tb(III) green luminescence and the presence of water molecules in the coordination sphere of Gd(III) bring strong luminescent and magnetic performance to the core-shell nanoparticles. The size and the core-shell morphology of the colloids were studied using transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The correlation between photophysical and magnetic properties of the nanoparticles and their core composition was highlighted...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087224/5-ht6-receptor-blockade-regulates-primary-cilia-morphology-in-striatal-neurons
#12
Matthew Brodsky, Adam J Lesiak, Alex Croicu, Nathalie Cohenca, Jane M Sullivan, John F Neumaier
The 5-HT6 receptor has been implicated in a variety of cognitive processes including habitual behaviors, learning, and memory. It is found almost exclusively in the brain, is expressed abundantly in striatum, and localizes to neuronal primary cilia. Primary cilia are antenna-like, sensory organelles found on most neurons that receive both chemical and mechanical signals from other cells and the surrounding environment; however, the effect of 5-HT6 receptor function on cellular morphology has not been examined...
January 10, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081263/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-three-odorant-binding-protein-from-periplaneta-americana
#13
Zhao-Qun Li, Peng He, Ya-Nan Zhang, Shuang-Lin Dong
The American cockroach, Periplaneta americana, is a vector of many pathogenic organisms associated with human diseases. Olfaction plays a crucial role in guiding cockroach behaviors and contributes to their ability to transmit pathogens. Odorant binding proteins (OBPs), abundant in the insect olfactory sensilla, are important for insect olfaction. In this study, three OBP genes, PameOBP1, 2 and 3, were cloned from P. americana. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed that PameOBP1, 2 and 3 belong to the Minus-C OBP, Classic OBP, and Plus-C OBP subfamilies, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079227/excited-state-properties-of-%C3%AE-carotene-analogs-incorporating-a-lactone-ring
#14
Daisuke Kosumi, Takayuki Kajikawa, Kazuhiko Sakaguchi, Shigeo Katsumura, Hideki Hashimoto
Carotenoids possessing a carbonyl group along their polyene backbone exhibit unique excited state properties due to the occurrence of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) in the excited state. In fact, the ICT characteristics of naturally occurring carbonyl carotenoids play an essential role in the highly efficient energy transfer that proceeds in aquatic photosynthetic antenna systems. In the present study, we synthesized two short-chain polyene carotenoids incorporating a lactone ring, denoted as BL-7 and BL-8, having seven and eight conjugated double bonds (n = 7 and 8), respectively...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077622/ciliary-entry-of-kif17-is-dependent-on-its-binding-to-the-ift-b-complex-via-ift46-ift56-as-well-as-on-its-nuclear-localization-signal
#15
Teruki Funabashi, Yohei Katoh, Saki Michisaka, Masaya Terada, Maho Sugawa, Kazuhisa Nakayama
Cilia function as cellular antennae to sense and transduce extracellular signals. A number of proteins are specifically localized in cilia. Anterograde and retrograde ciliary protein trafficking are mediated by the IFT-B and IFT-A complexes in concert with kinesin-2 and dynein-2 motors, respectively. However, the role of KIF17, a homodimeric kinesin-2 protein, in protein trafficking has not been fully understood in vertebrate cilia. In this study, we first demonstrated by taking advantage of the visible immunoprecipitation assay, that KIF17 interacts with the IFT46-IFT56 dimer in the IFT-B complex through its C-terminal sequence located immediately upstream of the nuclear localization signal (NLS)...
January 11, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077298/the-underestimated-n-glycomes-of-lepidopteran-species
#16
Rhiannon Stanton, Alba Hykollari, Barbara Eckmair, Daniel Malzl, Martin Dragosits, Dieter Palmberger, Ping Wang, Iain B H Wilson, Katharina Paschinger
BACKGROUND: Insects are significant to the environment, agriculture, health and biotechnology. Many of these aspects display some relationship to glycosylation, e.g., in case of pathogen binding or production of humanised antibodies; for a long time, it has been considered that insect N-glycosylation potentials are rather similar and simple, but as more species are glycomically analysed in depth, it is becoming obvious that there is indeed a large structural diversity and interspecies variability...
January 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077273/reevaluating-the-mechanism-of-excitation-energy-regulation-in-iron-starved-cyanobacteria
#17
Hui-Yuan S Chen, Michelle Liberton, Himadri B Pakrasi, Dariusz M Niedzwiedzki
This paper presents spectroscopic investigations of IsiA, a chlorophyll a-binding membrane protein produced by cyanobacteria grown in iron-deficient environments. IsiA, if associated with photosystem I, supports photosystem I in light harvesting by efficiently transferring excitation energy. However, if separated from photosystem I, IsiA exhibits considerable excitation quenching observed as a substantial reduction of protein-bound chlorophyll a fluorescence lifetime. Previous spectroscopic studies suggested that carotenoids are involved in excitation energy dissipation and in addition play a second role in this antenna complex by supporting chlorophyll a in light harvesting by absorbing in the spectral range inaccessible for chlorophyll a and transferring excitation to chlorophylls...
January 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076721/effect-of-tumor-complexity-and-technique-on-efficacy-and-complications-after-percutaneous-microwave-ablation-of-stage-t1a-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#18
Marki E Klapperich, E Jason Abel, Timothy J Ziemlewicz, Sara Best, Meghan G Lubner, Stephen Y Nakada, J Louis Hinshaw, Christopher L Brace, Fred T Lee, Shane A Wells
Purpose To evaluate the effects of tumor complexity and technique on early and midterm oncologic efficacy and rate of complications for 100 consecutive biopsy-proved stage T1a renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) treated with percutaneous microwave ablation. Materials and Methods This HIPAA-compliant, single-center retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. The requirement to obtain informed consent was waived. Ninety-six consecutive patients (68 men, 28 women; mean age, 66 years ± 9.4) with 100 stage T1a N0M0 biopsy-proved RCCs (median diameter, 2...
January 11, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076402/non-orthogonal-random-access-in-mimo-cognitive-radio-networks-beamforming-power-allocation-and-opportunistic-transmission
#19
Huifa Lin, Won-Yong Shin
We study secondary random access in multi-input multi-output cognitive radio networks, where a slotted ALOHA-type protocol and successive interference cancellation are used. We first introduce three types of transmit beamforming performed by secondary users, where multiple antennas are used to suppress the interference at the primary base station and/or to increase the received signal power at the secondary base station. Then, we show a simple decentralized power allocation along with the equivalent single-antenna conversion...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075372/distributed-sensor-nodes-charged-by-mobile-charger-with-directional-antenna-and-by-energy-trading-for-balancing
#20
Celso Moraes, Sunghee Myung, Sangkeum Lee, Dongsoo Har
Provision of energy to wireless sensor networks is crucial for their sustainable operation. Sensor nodes are typically equipped with batteries as their operating energy sources. However, when the sensor nodes are sited in almost inaccessible locations, replacing their batteries incurs high maintenance cost. Under such conditions, wireless charging of sensor nodes by a mobile charger with an antenna can be an efficient solution. When charging distributed sensor nodes, a directional antenna, rather than an omnidirectional antenna, is more energy-efficient because of smaller proportion of off-target radiation...
January 10, 2017: Sensors
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