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Ana P M Pinheiro, Rachel H Pocock, Margie D Dixon, Walid L Shaib, Suresh S Ramalingam, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Molecular testing to identify targetable molecular alterations is routine practice for several types of cancer. Explaining the underlying molecular concepts can be difficult, and metaphors historically have been used in medicine to provide a common language between physicians and patients. Although previous studies have highlighted the use and effectiveness of metaphors to help explain germline genetic concepts to the general public, this study is the first to describe the use of metaphors to explain molecular testing to cancer patients in the clinical setting...
February 20, 2017: Oncologist
Thomas Bawin, France Collard, Lara De Backer, Boni Barthélémy Yarou, Philippe Compère, Frédéric Francis, François J Verheggen
The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread devastating pest that develops on tomato and other economically important solanaceous crops. Current semiochemically-based management strategies still fail to significantly reduce damages and need to be improved. Here we describe under scanning and transmission electron microscopy the structure and distribution of the sensilla that are displayed on adult antennae. These were similar in size between males (3424.4±135.3μm) and females (3292...
February 1, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Asimina Kiourti, Konstantina S Nikita
: We present a review of wireless medical devices that are placed inside the human body to realize many and different sensing and/or stimulating functionalities. METHODS: A critical literature review analysis is conducted focusing on three types of in-body medical devices, i.e., a) devices that are implanted inside the human body (implantables), b) devices that are ingested like regular pills (ingestibles), and c) devices that are injected into the human body via needles (injectables)...
February 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Xian Shi, Nicolás Coca-López, Julia Janik, Achim Hartschuh
Tip-enhanced near-field Raman microscopy spectroscopy is a scanning probe technique that is capable of providing vibrational spectroscopic information on single nanoobjects and surfaces at (sub-) nanometer spatial resolution and high detection sensitivity. In this review, we first illustrate the physical principle of optical nanoantennas used in tip-enhanced near-field Raman microscopy and tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS) to efficiently couple light to Raman excitations on nanometer length scales. Although the antennas' electric near-field distributions are commonly understood to determine the spatial resolution, recent experiments showing subnanometer-resolved optical images put this understanding into question...
February 17, 2017: Chemical Reviews
Mohammad Memarian, Xiaoqiang Li, Yasuo Morimoto, Tatsuo Itoh
Blazed gratings can reflect an oblique incident wave back in the path of incidence, unlike mirrors and metal plates that only reflect specular waves. Perfect blazing (and zero specular scattering) is a type of Wood's anomaly that has been observed when a resonance condition occurs in the unit-cell of the blazed grating. Such elusive anomalies have been studied thus far as individual perfect blazing points. In this work, we present reflective blazed surfaces that, by design, have multiple coupled blazing resonances per cell...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
David L Mack, Emiliano Cortés, Vincenzo Giannini, Peter Török, Tyler Roschuk, Stefan A Maier
The absorption process of an emitter close to a plasmonic antenna is enhanced due to strong local electromagnetic (EM) fields. The emission, if resonant with the plasmonic system, re-radiates to the far-field by coupling with the antenna via plasmonic states, whose presence increases the local density of states. Far-field collection of the emission of single molecules close to plasmonic antennas, therefore, provides mixed information of both the local EM field strength and the local density of states. Moreover, super-resolution localizations from these emission-coupled events do not report the real position of the molecules...
February 17, 2017: Nature Communications
Wolfgang Gärtner
Göbel et al. present in this issue an exemplary study of identification of chromophores from Arabidopsis thaliana cryptochrome-3. Usually taken for granted, proteins and cofactors, respective chromophores, from heterologous expression are considered identical to material isolated from their genuine host. Cryptochromes carry two chromophores, an antenna cofactor and a functional flavin chromophore, both noncovalently embedded into the protein. In particular the antenna chromophore is loosely bound and often lost during protein purification...
January 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Domagoj Damjanovic, Ulrich Goebel, Benedikt Fischer, Martin Huth, Hartmut Breger, Hartmut Buerkle, Axel Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Hands-on training in point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) should ideally comprise bedside teaching, as well as simulated clinical scenarios. High-fidelity phantoms and portable ultrasound simulation systems are commercially available, however, at considerable costs. This limits their suitability for medical schools. A Linux-based software for Emergency Department Ultrasound Simulation (edus2TM) was developed by Kulyk and Olszynski in 2011. Its feasibility for POC-US education has been well-documented, and shows good acceptance...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Lin Xie, Xiaowei Cui, Sihao Zhao, Mingquan Lu
It is well known that multipath effect remains a dominant error source that affects the positioning accuracy of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers. Significant efforts have been made by researchers and receiver manufacturers to mitigate multipath error in the past decades. Recently, a multipath mitigation technique using dual-polarization antennas has become a research hotspot for it provides another degree of freedom to distinguish the line-of-sight (LOS) signal from the LOS and multipath composite signal without extensively increasing the complexity of the receiver...
February 13, 2017: Sensors
Jian Dong, Qianqian Li, Lianwen Deng
Ultrawideband (UWB) antennas, as core devices in high-speed wireless communication, are widely applied to mobile handsets, wireless sensor networks, and Internet of Things (IoT). A compact printed monopole antenna for UWB applications with triple band-notched characteristics is proposed in this paper. The antenna has a very compact size of 10 x 16 mm2 and is composed of a square slotted radiation patch and a narrow rectangular ground plane on the back of the substrate. First, by etching a pair of inverted T-shaped slots at the bottom of the radiation patch, one notched band at 5-6 GHz for rejecting the Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is generated...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
H B Zhuo, S J Zhang, X H Li, H Y Zhou, X Z Li, D B Zou, M Y Yu, H C Wu, Z M Sheng, C T Zhou
Generation of intense coherent THz radiation by obliquely incidenting an intense laser pulse on a wire target is studied using particle-in-cell simulation. The laser-accelerated fast electrons are confined and guided along the surface of the wire, which then acts like a current-carrying line antenna and under appropriate conditions can emit electromagnetic radiation in the THz regime. For a driving laser intensity ∼3×10^{18}W/cm^{2} and pulse duration ∼10 fs, a transient current above 10 KA is produced on the wire surface...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
Zhen Zhang, Wei Yu, Jing Wang, Dan Luo, Xuezhi Qiao, Xiaoyun Qin, Tie Wang
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is expected as a technique that even theoretically detected chemicals at the single molecule level by surface plasmon phenomena of noble metal nanostructures. Insensitivity of detecting Raman weak-intensity molecules and low adsorptivity of gaseous molecules on solid substrates are two main factors hindering the application of SERS in gas detectors. In this manuscript, we demonstrated an operational SERS strategy to detect gaseous Raman weak-intensity aldehydes that have been considered as a biomarker of lung cancer for abnormal content was measured in volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of lung cancer patients...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Zhong-Rui Yang, Man-Man Wang, Xue-Sheng Wang, Xue-Bo Yin
Here, we report that boric acid is used to tune the optical properties of lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (LMOFs) for dual-fluorescence emission and improves the selectivity of LMOFs for the determination of F(-) ions. The LMOFs are prepared with 5-boronoisophthalic acid (5-bop) and Eu(3+) ions as the precursors. Emission mechanism study indicates that 5-bop is excited with UV photons to produce its triplet state, which then excites Eu(3+) ions for their red emission. This is the general story of the antenna effect, but electron-deficient boric acid decreases the energy transfer efficiency from the triplet state of 5-bop to Eu(3+) ions, so dual emission from both 5-bop and Eu(3+) ions is efficiently excited at the single excitation of 275 nm...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Lucas Wetzel, David J Jörg, Alexandros Pollakis, Wolfgang Rave, Gerhard Fettweis, Frank Jülicher
Self-organized synchronization occurs in a variety of natural and technical systems but has so far only attracted limited attention as an engineering principle. In distributed electronic systems, such as antenna arrays and multi-core processors, a common time reference is key to coordinate signal transmission and processing. Here we show how the self-organized synchronization of mutually coupled digital phase-locked loops (DPLLs) can provide robust clocking in large-scale systems. We develop a nonlinear phase description of individual and coupled DPLLs that takes into account filter impulse responses and delayed signal transmission...
2017: PloS One
Nezih Tolga Yardimci, Mona Jarrahi
Plasmonic photoconductive antennas have great promise for increasing responsivity and detection sensitivity of conventional photoconductive detectors in time-domain terahertz imaging and spectroscopy systems. However, operation bandwidth of previously demonstrated plasmonic photoconductive antennas has been limited by bandwidth constraints of their antennas and photoconductor parasitics. Here, we present a powerful technique for realizing broadband terahertz detectors through large-area plasmonic photoconductive nano-antenna arrays...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
L Carletti, D Rocco, A Locatelli, C De Angelis, V F Gili, M Ravaro, I Favero, G Leo, M Finazzi, L Ghirardini, M Celebrano, G Marino, A V Zayats
We review recent achievements in the field of nanoscale nonlinear AlGaAs photonics based on all-dielectric optical antennas. After discussing the motivation and main technological challenges for the development of an AlGaAs monolithic platform for χ ((2)) nonlinear nanophotonics, we present numerical and experimental investigations of the second-order nonlinear response and physical reasons for high efficiency of second-order nonlinear interactions in the AlGaAs nano-antennas. In particular, we emphasize the role of the dipolar resonances at the fundamental frequency and the multipolar resonances at the second harmonic wavelength...
February 16, 2017: Nanotechnology
Zhuocheng Yan, Taisong Pan, Guang Yao, Feiyi Liao, Zhenlong Huang, Hulin Zhang, Min Gao, Yin Zhang, Yuan Lin
Recent progresses on the Kirigami-inspired method provide a new idea to assemble three-dimensional (3D) functional structures with conventional materials by releasing the prestrained elastomeric substrates. In this paper, highly stretchable serpentine-like antenna is fabricated by a simple and quick "Cut-Transfer-Release" method for assembling stretchable 3D functional structures on an elastomeric substrate with a controlled shape. The mechanical reliability of the serpentine-like 3D stretchable antenna is evaluated by the finite element method and experiments...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nanjia Zhou, Chengye Liu, Jennifer A Lewis, Donhee Ham
Radio-frequency (RF) electronics, which combine passive electromagnetic devices and active transistors to generate and process gigahertz (GHz) signals, provide a critical basis of ever-pervasive wireless networks. While transistors are best realized by top-down fabrication, relatively larger electromagnetic passives are within the reach of printing techniques. Here, direct writing of viscoelastic silver-nanoparticle inks is used to produce a broad array of RF passives operating up to 45 GHz. These include lumped devices such as inductors and capacitors, and wave-based devices such as transmission lines, their resonant networks, and antennas...
February 15, 2017: Advanced Materials
Korenobu Matsuzaki, Simon Vassant, Hsuan-Wei Liu, Anke Dutschke, Björn Hoffmann, Xuewen Chen, Silke Christiansen, Matthew R Buck, Jennifer A Hollingsworth, Stephan Götzinger, Vahid Sandoghdar
Multiexcitonic transitions and emission of several photons per excitation comprise a very attractive feature of semiconductor quantum dots for optoelectronics applications. However, these higher-order radiative processes are usually quenched in colloidal quantum dots by Auger and other nonradiative decay channels. To increase the multiexcitonic quantum efficiency, several groups have explored plasmonic enhancement, so far with moderate results. By controlled positioning of individual quantum dots in the near field of gold nanocone antennas, we enhance the radiative decay rates of monoexcitons and biexcitons by 109 and 100 folds at quantum efficiencies of 60 and 70%, respectively, in very good agreement with the outcome of numerical calculations...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Masanori Yamamoto, Jens Föhlinger, Jonas Petersson, Leif Hammarström, Hiroshi Imahori
A ruthenium complex, porphyrin sensitizer, fullerene acceptor molecular pentad has been synthesized and a long-lived hole-electron pair was achieved in aqueous solution by photoinduced multistep electron transfer: Upon irradiation by visible light, the excited-state of a zinc porphyrin ((1) ZnP*) was quenched by fullerene (C60 ) to afford a radical ion pair, (1,3) (ZnP(.+) -C60(.-) ). This was followed by the subsequent electron transfer from a water oxidation catalyst unit (Ru(II) ) to ZnP(.+) to give the long-lived charge-separated state, Ru(III) -ZnP-C60(...
February 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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