keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dissonance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892700/justificatory-information-forefending-in-digital-age-self-sealing-informational-conviction-of-risky-health-behavior
#1
Jeong-Nam Kim, Yu Won Oh, Arunima Krishna
This study proposes the idea of justificatory information forefending, a cognitive process by which individuals accept information that confirms their preexisting health beliefs, and reject information that is dissonant with their attitudes. In light of the sheer volume of often contradictory information related to health that is frequently highlighted by the traditional media, this study sought to identify antecedents and outcomes of this justificatory information forefending. Results indicate that individuals who are exposed to contradictory health information, currently engage in risky health behavior, are comfortable using the Internet to search for information, and are currently taking steps to maintain their health are likely to actively select health information that confirms their preexisting notions about their health, and to reject information that is contradictory to their beliefs...
November 28, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891235/interaction-and-medical-inducement-between-pharmaceutical-representatives-and-physicians-a-meta-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Shahrzad Salmasi, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that the interaction between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians can directly influence the latter's prescribing behaviour. This meta-synthesis aims to explore the available studies regarding the nature of the interaction that takes place between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians. It highlights the different aspects of that interaction by investigating the reasons why these meetings happen in the first place, their benefits and drawbacks and their impact on patients' health and, ultimately, the health of the public...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873424/the-cross-canada-quintet-presents-variations-on-music-movements-in-the-keys-of-h-p-and-e
#3
Brett Schrewe, Joanna Bates, Christopher Watling, Rachel H Ellaway, Dan Pratt
Whether it is rock playing in the background during a surgery, cool jazz that wafts from our office computer speakers as we write up our clinical notes, or the soaring of a symphony on the radio that inspires that perfect flourish to an article, music is woven throughout much of our clinical and academic lives. For the five of us, however, music alternates between the background and foreground in our lives as health professions educators. Music balances the working day, illuminates our research, and reconciles the utility of our training with the originality of our practice...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859839/work-family-conflict-and-enrichment-in-nurses-between-job-demands-perceived-organisational-support-and-work-family-backlash
#4
Chiara Ghislieri, Paola Gatti, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese
AIM: This study investigated how work relationships (perceived organisational support, supervisor and co-worker work-family backlash) and job demands (workload, emotional dissonance) can interact with work-family conflict and work-family enrichment. BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive literature on the work-family interface, few studies on the nursing profession have considered the role of job demands and work relationships, focusing on both the positive and negative side of the work-family interface...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844190/erratum-to-refusal-of-medical-blood-transfusions-among-jehovah-s-witnesses-emotion-regulation-of-the-dissonance-of-saving-and-sacrificing-life
#5
Hege Kristin Ringnes, Harald Hegstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834118/challenging-hiv-vulnerability-discourse-the-case-of-professional-and-entrepreneurial-women-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#6
Neema William Jangu, Ailie Tam, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
A poverty-HIV narrative has dominated many HIV prevention strategies in Africa despite epidemiological data showing higher prevalence of infection among educated and wealthier women in several African countries. This paper examines the perspectives of professional and entrepreneurial women on HIV risk and vulnerability based on their knowledge and lived experiences, comparing this to the HIV discourse evident in five strategic documents that shape intervention in Tanzania. The purpose is to uncover the confluence and dissonance between the discourses of government and those of professional women themselves...
November 11, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825587/rebel-peer-education-a-model-of-a-voluntary-after-school-program-for-eating-disorder-prevention
#7
Lauren Breithaupt, Laura Eickman, Catherine E Byrne, Sarah Fischer
Dissonance-based eating disorder prevention leads to decreases in risk factors for these disorders. Although controlled trials have demonstrated that targeted, manualized programs reduce eating disorder risk, concerns regarding implementation and dissemination remain. A primary concern is the difficulty in adapting programs for a high school setting for populations at highest risk: adolescents. This paper describes the REbeL Peer Education model and assesses the initial pilot trials of the intervention. The program is novel in that it utilizes a voluntary, self-selection model that is sustainable in a high school setting, and focuses on empowerment and effective cognitive dissonance based prevention activities...
October 27, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808527/dissonance-based-eating-disorder-program-reduces-cardiac-risk-a-preliminary-trial
#8
Melinda A Green, Mary Willis, Kristen Fernandez-Kong, Shuhan Reyes, Ruby Linkhart, Molly Johnson, Tyler Thorne, Emily Kroska, Halley Woodward, Jessica Lindberg
Objective: We conducted a randomized, controlled preliminary trial to examine the effect of a dissonance-based eating disorder program on eating disorder symptoms and cardiac risk indices in a community sample of women with subclinical and clinical symptoms (N = 47), examining the efficacy of the program in both the indicated prevention and treatment realms. Method: Eating disorder symptoms, body mass index, and biomarkers of cardiac risk were examined in dissonance and assessment-only control conditions at baseline, postintervention, and 2-month follow-up...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796505/emotional-dissonance-and-sickness-absence-a-prospective-study-of-employees-working-with-clients
#9
Anne-Marthe Rustad Indregard, Stein Knardahl, Morten Birkeland Nielsen
PURPOSE: (1) Determine the relationship between emotional dissonance and medically certified sickness absence among employees working with clients and (2) compare the impact of emotional dissonance on medically certified sickness absence with the impact of other psychological and social work factors. METHODS: A sample of 7758 employees was recruited from 96 Norwegian organizations in the period 2004 to 2014, all working with clients. The study design was prospective with emotional dissonance measured at baseline and then linked to official registry data of medically certified sickness absence for the year following the survey assessment...
October 28, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769589/healthcare-professionals-assertions-and-women-s-responses-during-labour-a-conversation-analytic-study-of-data-from-one-born-every-minute
#10
Clare Jackson, Victoria Land, Edward J B Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Communication during labour is consequential for women's experience yet analyses of situated labour-ward interaction are rare. This study demonstrates the value of explicating the interactional practices used to initiate 'decisions' during labour. METHODS: Interactions between 26 labouring women, their birth partners and HCPs were transcribed from the British television programme, One Born Every Minute. Conversation analysis was used to examine how decisions were initiated and accomplished in interaction...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769096/mechanistic-modeling-of-pesticide-exposure-the-missing-keystone-of-honey-bee-toxicology
#11
Douglas B Sponsler, Reed M Johnson
The role of pesticides in recent honey bee losses is controversial, partly because field studies often fail to detect effects predicted by laboratory studies. This dissonance highlights a critical gap in the field of honey bee toxicology: there exists little mechanistic understanding of the patterns and processes of exposure that link honey bees to pesticides in their environment. We submit that 2 key processes underlie honey bee pesticide exposure: (1) the acquisition of pesticide by foraging bees and (2) the in-hive distribution of pesticide returned by foragers...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734752/transforming-valences-through-transitive-inference-how-are-faces-emotionally-dissonant
#12
Micah Amd, Bryan Roche
According to the literature on emotional dissonance, information that is emotionally incongruous with self-concepts can produce feelings of unease. At a process level, this suggests that embedding such information in newly formed relational structures would have little effect on their a priori emotive properties. Alternatively, an instrumental account of symbolic relations (e.g., Dymond & Roche, 2013) highlights the importance of contextualized stimulus-stimulus relations, where the structure of a relational series is key in determining the function of its elements...
October 13, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733452/mapping-the-evolving-ideas-of-occupational-justice-a-critical-analysis
#13
Jyothi Gupta
The values of occupational therapy are grounded in justice, and its origins in activism and advocacy. Enabling individuals to participate in meaningful occupations to enhance health and well-being was the genesis of the profession that answered a call to justice. Occupational science brought focus to understand humans as occupational beings and made justice more visible in the discourse. A systematic mapping review was undertaken to deconstruct how notions of occupational justice (OJ) have been woven in the literature...
October 12, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720260/dissonant-health-transition-in-the-states-of-mexico-1990-2013-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#14
Héctor Gómez-Dantés, Nancy Fullman, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado, Blair Darney, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Juan A Rivera, Simon Barquera, Eduardo González-Pier, Tania Aburto-Soto, Elga Filipa Amorin de Castro, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez, Ana C Basto-Abreu, Carolina Batis, Guilherme Borges, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Julio C Campuzano-Rincón, Alejandra de Jesús Cantoral-Preciado, Alejandra G Contreras-Manzano, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Vanessa V de la Cruz-Gongora, Jose L Diaz-Ortega, María de Lourdes García-García, Armando Garcia-Guerra, Teresita González de Cossío, Luz D González-Castell, Ileana Heredia-Pi, Marta C Hijar-Medina, Alejandra Jauregui, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Nancy Lopez-Olmedo, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Catalina Medina-Garcia, Maria E Medina-Mora, Fabiola Mejia-Rodriguez, Julio C Montañez, Pablo Montero, Alejandra Montoya, Grea L Moreno-Banda, Andrea Pedroza-Tobías, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Amado D Quezada, Vesta L Richardson-López-Collada, Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Maria J Ríos Blancas, Christian Razo-Garcia, Martha P Romero Mendoza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Luz M Sánchez-Romero, Astrid Schilmann, Edson Servan-Mori, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Martha M Téllez-Rojo, José L Texcalac-Sangrador, Haidong Wang, Theo Vos, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Rafael Lozano
BACKGROUND: Child and maternal health outcomes have notably improved in Mexico since 1990, whereas rising adult mortality rates defy traditional epidemiological transition models in which decreased death rates occur across all ages. These trends suggest Mexico is experiencing a more complex, dissonant health transition than historically observed. Enduring inequalities between states further emphasise the need for more detailed health assessments over time. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2013 (GBD 2013) provides the comprehensive, comparable framework through which such national and subnational analyses can occur...
October 5, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694550/new-fathers-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety-treatment-options-an-integrative-review
#15
Anthony P O'Brien, Karen A McNeil, Richard Fletcher, Agatha Conrad, Amanda J Wilson, Donovan Jones, Sally W Chan
More than 10% of fathers experience depression and anxiety during the perinatal period, but paternal perinatal depression (PPND) and anxiety have received less attention than maternal perinatal mental health problems. Few mainstream treatment options are available for men with PPND and anxiety. The aim of this literature review was to summarize the current understanding of PPND and the treatment programs specifically designed for fathers with perinatal depression. Eight electronic databases were searched using a predefined strategy, and reference lists were also hand searched...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676767/body-image-bi-of-acquired-spinal-cord-injury-sci-persons-which-patient-care-in-an-internal-unit-of-physical-and-neurological-rehabilitation-experience-of-the-patient-care-in-an-internal-and-neurological-unit-of-pmr-of-the-university-hospital-of-li%C3%A3-ge
#16
Cristel Bourge
OBJECTIVE: Define and develop the acquired SCI patient's BI care within the internal unit of physical and neurological rehabilitation center of the University Hospital of Liège: - explore the patients' and professionals' representations and needs of BI care; - estimate the concordances and the dissonances of the visions; - identify if a patient's BI care exists within the unit and what form it takes. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Qualitative, retrospective, exploratory and inductive study...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676628/artist-s-statement-diagnostic-dissonance
#17
Stephan Diljak, Stevie-Jay Stapler, Gerard Heath, Ethan Scott, Daniel Semaan, Leo Greenstone, Arno K Kumagai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672530/adapting-to-a-us-medical-curriculum-in-malaysia-a-qualitative-study-on-cultural-dissonance-in-international-education
#18
Nicole Shilkofski, Ryan Y Shields
CONTEXT: Minimal research has examined the recent exportation of medical curricula to international settings. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, USA partnered with Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and implemented the same curriculum currently used at Johns Hopkins University to teach medical students at Perdana University. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of first-year medical students at Perdana University, focusing on issues of cultural dissonance during adaptation to a US curriculum...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649357/dynamic-selective-exposure-during-decision-making
#19
James G Phillips, Teressa Hoon, Jason Landon
To understand dynamic changes in the likelihood that people would access and selectively expose themselves to information online, the present study examined the checking of account balances during simulated gambling. Sixteen participants played 120 hands of computer Blackjack for points, at higher or lower levels of risk (different point multipliers), and after each win or loss the computer recorded if participants checked their account balances. There were individual differences in checking rates. Participants who were more likely to check balances exhibited a selectivity of exposure to decision consonant information after a win at low risk...
October 2016: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642414/students-perspectives-of-undergraduate-research-methods-education-at-three-public-medical-schools-in-uganda
#20
Ian Guyton Munabi, William Buwembo, Ruberwa Joseph, Kawungezi Peter, Francis Bajunirwe, Erisa Sabakaki Mwaka
INTRODUCTION: In this study we used a model of adult learning to explore undergraduate students' views on how to improve the teaching of research methods and biostatistics. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of survey data of 600 undergraduate students from three medical schools in Uganda. The analysis looked at student's responses to an open ended section of a questionnaire on their views on undergraduate teaching of research methods and biostatistics. Qualitative phenomenological data analysis was done with a bias towards principles of adult learning...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
39586
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"