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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222910/agents-of-the-father-s-law-in-a-society-of-brothers-a-philosophic-and-psychoanalytic-perspective-on-legitimate-use-of-violence
#1
Efrat Even-Tzur, Uri Hadar
This paper explores subjective processes of "Agents of Law" - individuals who the state grants the authority to use violence - and the dissonance stemming from the contradictory demands posed on them as legitimate users of violence despite the societal taboo against violence. A conceptual model will be offered based on two theoretical legs, Lacanian psychoanalysis and political theories of legitimacy. Specifically, psychoanalytic ideas would serve to examine unconscious processes, subject position and various identifications related to the question of "self-legitimacy" of Agents of Law...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214633/prevention-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and quantify the effectiveness of Eating Disorder (ED) prevention interventions. METHODS: Electronic databases (including the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, MEDLINE, PsychInfo, EMBASE, and Scopus) were searched for published randomized controlled trials of ED prevention interventions from 2009 to 2015. Trials prior to 2009 were retrieved from prior reviews. RESULTS: One hundred and twelve articles were included...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212196/prison-nursing-formation-of-a-stable-professional-identity
#3
Khurshid Choudhry, David Armstrong, Alexandru Dregan
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze how working within prison environments can influence the self-identity and professional identity of nurses. BACKGROUND: The prison environment can be a difficult environment for nurses to deliver care within, with nurses having to carry out activities that seem to go against their professional role, while at the same time providing care to prisoners who have greater health needs than the general population. There is a lack of theoretical consideration of how prison nurses carry out their role in the face of such challenges...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195025/the-depth-of-fields-managing-focus-in-the-epistemic-subcultures-of-mind-and-brain-science
#4
David Peterson
The 'psy' sciences emerged from the tangled roots of philosophy, physiology, biology and medicine, and these origins have produced heterogeneous fields. Scientists in these areas work in a complex, overlapping ecology of fields that results in the constant co-presence of dissonant theories, methods and research objects. This raises questions regarding how conceptual clarity is maintained. Using the optical metaphor 'depth of field', I show how researchers in all fields marginalize potential threats to routine scientific work by framing them as either too broad and imprecise or too narrow and technical...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186486/the-shock-of-reality-of-new-nurses
#5
Johannie Roy, Fanny Robichaud
The shock of reality expresses a dissonance between reality what was imagined about the labor world. It is part of the integration process of new nurses that join a health care setting for the first time. This major step, related to the first work experience, places recruits in a state of vulnerability in their new profession. While several retirements are expected among baby boomers, finding solutions to ease the transition to the professional role among younger nurses is crucial. This narrative literature review attempts to answer the following questions : What characterizes the reality shock among new nurses in a context of role transition from student to professional ? CINAHL and MEDLINE databases were consulted in addition to reports issued by the OIIQ...
1, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158954/abortion-in-tunisia-after-the-revolution-bringing-a-new-morality-into-the-old-reproductive-order
#6
Irene Maffi
The emergence of Islamist movements and religious symbolic repertoires in the aftermath of the Tunisian revolution has elicited the political, moral, and practical contestation of women's right to abortion. While, after several heated debates, the law was eventually not modified, several practitioners working in government family planning clinics have changed their behaviour preventing women getting abortions. Pre-existing state and medical logics, political uncertainties, and new religious and moralising discourses have determined abortion practices in the government health-care facilities generating unequal treatments according to women's marital status, class, and education...
February 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143413/use-of-the-empower-brochure-to-deprescribe-sedative-hypnotic-drugs-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#7
Philippe Martin, Cara Tannenbaum
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based mailed educational brochures about the harms of sedative-hypnotic use lead to discontinuation of chronic benzodiazepine use in older adults. It remains unknown whether patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are able to understand the information in the EMPOWER brochures, and whether they achieve similar rates of benzodiazepine discontinuation. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of the EMPOWER randomized, double-blind, wait-list controlled trial that assessed the effect of a direct-to-consumer educational intervention on benzodiazepine discontinuation...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138406/inability-of-shear-wave-elastography-to-distinguish-malignant-from-benign-prostate-tissue-a-comparison-of-biopsy-whole-mount-sectioning-and-shear-wave-elastography
#8
Markus Porsch, Claudia Görner, Johann Jakob Wendler, Uwe-Bernd Liehr, Anke Lux, Sandra Siedentopf, Martin Schostak, Maciej Pech
AIM: This study was designed to assess the possible usefulness of shear-wave elastography in differentiating between benign and malignant tissue in prostate neoplasia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 prostate tissue samples were obtained from 10 patients treated by radical prostatectomy and investigated pre-operatively by ultrasound elastography followed by directed biopsy. After resection, whole-mount sectioning and histological examination was performed. The predictions based on shear-wave elastography were compared with biopsy and histological results...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134683/cognitive-dissonance-in-training-a-view-from-the-middle
#9
Robert A Swendiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130738/high-job-demands-still-engaged-and-not-burned-out-the-role-of-job-crafting
#10
Jari J Hakanen, Piia Seppälä, Maria C W Peeters
PURPOSE: Traditionally, employee well-being has been considered as resulting from decent working conditions arranged by the organization. Much less is known about whether employees themselves can make self-initiated changes to their work, i.e., craft their jobs, in order to stay well, even in highly demanding work situations. The aim of this study was to use the job demands-resources (JD-R model) to investigate whether job crafting buffers the negative impacts of four types of job demands (workload, emotional dissonance, work contents, and physical demands) on burnout and work engagement...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114984/professionalism-professionalization-expertise-and-compassion-a-qualitative-study-of-medical-residents
#11
Susan P Phillips, Nancy Dalgarno
BACKGROUND: Formal and informal medical curricula convey expectations about professionalization, that is, the development of physician identity, and also about professionalism. This study examined whether, in general, junior residents experienced any dissonance between these roles and focused particularly on how they negotiated conflicts between compassion, self-care, duty and medical expertise. METHODS: In 2015, purposive sampling was used to select 21 first-year residents at a Canadian medical school...
January 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112261/cognitive-dissonance-resolution-depends-on-episodic-memory
#12
Mariam Chammat, Imen El Karoui, Sébastien Allali, Joshua Hagège, Katia Lehongre, Dominique Hasboun, Michel Baulac, Stéphane Epelbaum, Agnès Michon, Bruno Dubois, Vincent Navarro, Moti Salti, Lionel Naccache
The notion that past choices affect preferences is one of the most influential concepts of social psychology since its first report in the 50 s, and its theorization within the cognitive dissonance framework. In the free-choice paradigm (FCP) after choosing between two similarly rated items, subjects reevaluate chosen items as more attractive and rejected items as less attractive. However the relations prevailing between episodic memory and choice-induced preference change (CIPC) remain highly debated: is this phenomenon dependent or independent from memory of past choices? We solve this theoretical debate by demonstrating that CIPC occurs exclusively for items which were correctly remembered as chosen or rejected during the choice stage...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093938/capacity-and-consent
#13
Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart, Mary Chiarella
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare practitioners have a legal, ethical and professional obligation to obtain patient consent for all healthcare treatments. There is increasing evidence which suggests dissonance and variation in practice in assessment of decision-making capacity and consent processes. AIMS: This study explores healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices of assessing decision-making capacity and obtaining patient consent to treatment in the acute generalist setting...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057183/immunoth%C3%A3-rapie-une-innovation-de-rupture-non-soutenable-%C3%A3-conomiquement
#14
Jean-Pierre Thierry
A NON-SUSTAINABLE BREAKTHROUGH?: The arrival of new immunotherapy anticancer drugs on the market marks a turning point. Their reference prices are fixed in the US and are positioned at the same level that the anticancer targeted therapies. They benefit from an accelerated approval process and often obtain the status of orphan drugs. The extensions of indications to many cancers and the likely combinations could significantly increase healthcare spending at a level that recently unveiled their non-sustainability, due to unrealistic prices approved by regulators...
November 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036054/gendered-sources-of-distress-and-resilience-among-afghan-refugees-in-northern-california-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Carl Stempel, Nilofar Sami, Patrick Marius Koga, Qais Alemi, Valerie Smith, Aida Shirazi
Recent studies have emphasized the influence of resettlement factors on the mental health of refugees resettling in developed countries. However, little research has addressed gender differences in the nature and influence of resettlement stressors and sources of resilience. We address this gap in knowledge by investigating how gender moderates and mediates the influence of several sources of distress and resilience among 259 Afghan refugees residing in Northern California (USA). Gender moderated the effects of four factors on levels of distress...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009974/dissonance-strikes-a-chord-in-stilbene-synthesizers
#16
Cynthia K Holland, Barbara Cascella, Joseph M Jez
In this issue of Cell Chemical Biology, Mori et al. (2016) combine X-ray crystallography and biochemistry to discover a new mechanism for stilbene synthesis in bacteria. The dialkyl-condensing enzyme StlD catalyzes formation of cyclohexanediones using a non-canonical β-ketosynthase active site. Aromatization by StlC completes production of the stilbene product.
December 22, 2016: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987247/motives-for-choosing-and-resigning-from-nursing-by-men-and-the-definition-of-masculinity-a-qualitative-study
#17
Urszula Kluczyńska
AIM: The aim of the study is to establish the main motives for choosing nursing by men in Poland and the results for leaving the profession. BACKGROUND: Nursing is a profession less frequently chosen by men. On average, one person in ten working in nursing is a man, but in Poland this percentage is especially low, amounting to 1.8%. DESIGN: Qualitative research with a grounded theory approach. METHOD: Individual semi-structured interviews were used for data collection...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965618/the-system-justification-conundrum-re-examining-the-cognitive-dissonance-basis-for-system-justification
#18
Chuma K Owuamalam, Mark Rubin, Russell Spears
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939622/a-systematic-review-and-evidence-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies-to-identify-primary-care-clinicians-barriers-and-enablers-to-the-management-of-osteoarthritis
#19
REVIEW
T Egerton, L E Diamond, R Buchbinder, K L Bennell, S C Slade
OBJECTIVE: Primary care management of osteoarthritis (OA) is variable and often inconsistent with clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). This study aimed to identify and synthesize available qualitative evidence on primary care clinicians' views on providing recommended management of OA. DESIGN: Eligibility criteria included full reports published in peer-reviewed journals, with data collected directly from primary care clinicians using qualitative methods for collection and analysis...
December 7, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928771/healthcare-providers-formative-experiences-with-race-and-black-male-patients-in-urban-hospital-environments
#20
Marie V Plaisime, David J Malebranche, Andrea L Davis, Jennifer A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: We explored health providers' formative personal and professional experiences with race and Black men as a way to assess their potential influence on interactions with Black male patients. METHODS: Utilizing convenience sampling with snowballing techniques, we identified healthcare providers in two urban university hospitals. We compared Black and White providers' experiences based on race and level of training. We used the Gardener's Tale to conceptualize how racism may lead to racial health disparities...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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