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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057183/immunoth%C3%A3-rapie-une-innovation-de-rupture-non-soutenable-%C3%A3-conomiquement
#1
Jean-Pierre Thierry
A NON-SUSTAINABLE BREAKTHROUGH?: The arrival of new immunotherapy anticancer drugs on the market marks a turning point. Their reference prices are fixed in the US and are positioned at the same level that the anticancer targeted therapies. They benefit from an accelerated approval process and often obtain the status of orphan drugs. The extensions of indications to many cancers and the likely combinations could significantly increase healthcare spending at a level that recently unveiled their non-sustainability, due to unrealistic prices approved by regulators...
November 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036054/gendered-sources-of-distress-and-resilience-among-afghan-refugees-in-northern-california-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Carl Stempel, Nilofar Sami, Patrick Marius Koga, Qais Alemi, Valerie Smith, Aida Shirazi
Recent studies have emphasized the influence of resettlement factors on the mental health of refugees resettling in developed countries. However, little research has addressed gender differences in the nature and influence of resettlement stressors and sources of resilience. We address this gap in knowledge by investigating how gender moderates and mediates the influence of several sources of distress and resilience among 259 Afghan refugees residing in Northern California (USA). Gender moderated the effects of four factors on levels of distress...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009974/dissonance-strikes-a-chord-in-stilbene-synthesizers
#3
Cynthia K Holland, Barbara Cascella, Joseph M Jez
In this issue of Cell Chemical Biology, Mori et al. (2016) combine X-ray crystallography and biochemistry to discover a new mechanism for stilbene synthesis in bacteria. The dialkyl-condensing enzyme StlD catalyzes formation of cyclohexanediones using a non-canonical β-ketosynthase active site. Aromatization by StlC completes production of the stilbene product.
December 22, 2016: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987247/motives-for-choosing-and-resigning-from-nursing-by-men-and-the-definition-of-masculinity-a-qualitative-study
#4
Urszula Kluczyńska
AIM: The aim of the study is to establish the main motives for choosing nursing by men in Poland and the results for leaving the profession. BACKGROUND: Nursing is a profession less frequently chosen by men. On average, one person in ten working in nursing is a man, but in Poland this percentage is especially low, amounting to 1.8%. DESIGN: Qualitative research with a grounded theory approach. METHOD: Individual semi-structured interviews were used for data collection...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965618/the-system-justification-conundrum-re-examining-the-cognitive-dissonance-basis-for-system-justification
#5
Chuma K Owuamalam, Mark Rubin, Russell Spears
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939622/a-systematic-review-and-evidence-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies-to-identify-primary-care-clinicians-barriers-and-enablers-to-the-management-of-osteoarthritis
#6
REVIEW
T Egerton, L E Diamond, R Buchbinder, K L Bennell, S C Slade
OBJECTIVE: Primary care management of osteoarthritis (OA) is variable and often inconsistent with clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). This study aimed to identify and synthesize available qualitative evidence on primary care clinicians' views on providing recommended management of OA. DESIGN: Eligibility criteria included full reports published in peer-reviewed journals, with data collected directly from primary care clinicians using qualitative methods for collection and analysis...
December 7, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928771/healthcare-providers-formative-experiences-with-race-and-black-male-patients-in-urban-hospital-environments
#7
Marie V Plaisime, David J Malebranche, Andrea L Davis, Jennifer A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: We explored health providers' formative personal and professional experiences with race and Black men as a way to assess their potential influence on interactions with Black male patients. METHODS: Utilizing convenience sampling with snowballing techniques, we identified healthcare providers in two urban university hospitals. We compared Black and White providers' experiences based on race and level of training. We used the Gardener's Tale to conceptualize how racism may lead to racial health disparities...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920613/core-and-complementary-chiropractic-lowering-barriers-to-patient-utilization-of-services
#8
John J Triano, Marion McGregor
OBJECTIVE: The use of chiropractic services has stalled while interest in accessing manipulation services is rising. The purpose of this paper is to consider this dilemma in the context of the dynamics of professional socialization, surveys of public attitudes, and a potential strategic action. DISCUSSION: This is a reflection work grounded in the literature on professional socialization and the attitudes held regarding chiropractic in modern society, to include its members, and in original data on training programs...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914486/are-organisational-factors-affecting-the-emotional-withdrawal-of-community-nurses
#9
Leila Karimi, Sandra G Leggat, Cindy Cheng, Lisa Donohue, Timothy Bartram, Jodi Oakman
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of work organisation on the emotional labour withdrawal behaviour of Australian community nurses.Methods Using a paper-based survey, a sample of 312 Australian community nurses reported on their emotional dissonance, withdrawal behaviours (i.e. job neglect, job dissatisfaction, stress-related presenteeism) and work organisation. A model to determine the partial mediation effect of work organisation was developed based on a literature review...
December 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914237/religion-in-child-sexual-abuse-forensic-interviews
#10
Amy C Tishelman, Lisa A Fontes
Religion is an under-studied factor affecting children's sexual victimization and their willingness to discuss such experiences. In this qualitative study, 39 child forensic interviewers and child advocacy center (CAC) directors in the United States discussed religious influences on children's sexual abuse experiences, their relationships to CACs, and their disclosures in the forensic setting. Participants reported both harmonious and dissonant interactions between religiously observant children and families on one hand and child advocacy centers on the other...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892700/justificatory-information-forefending-in-digital-age-self-sealing-informational-conviction-of-risky-health-behavior
#11
Jeong-Nam Kim, Yu Won Oh, Arunima Krishna
This study proposes the idea of justificatory information forefending, a cognitive process by which individuals accept information that confirms their preexisting health beliefs, and reject information that is dissonant with their attitudes. In light of the sheer volume of often contradictory information related to health that is frequently highlighted by the traditional media, this study sought to identify antecedents and outcomes of this justificatory information forefending. Results indicate that individuals who are exposed to contradictory health information, currently engage in risky health behavior, are comfortable using the Internet to search for information, and are currently taking steps to maintain their health are likely to actively select health information that confirms their preexisting notions about their health, and to reject information that is contradictory to their beliefs...
November 28, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891235/interaction-and-medical-inducement-between-pharmaceutical-representatives-and-physicians-a-meta-synthesis
#12
REVIEW
Shahrzad Salmasi, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that the interaction between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians can directly influence the latter's prescribing behaviour. This meta-synthesis aims to explore the available studies regarding the nature of the interaction that takes place between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians. It highlights the different aspects of that interaction by investigating the reasons why these meetings happen in the first place, their benefits and drawbacks and their impact on patients' health and, ultimately, the health of the public...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873424/the-cross-canada-quintet-presents-variations-on-music-movements-in-the-keys-of-h-p-and-e
#13
Brett Schrewe, Joanna Bates, Christopher Watling, Rachel H Ellaway, Dan Pratt
Whether it is rock playing in the background during a surgery, cool jazz that wafts from our office computer speakers as we write up our clinical notes, or the soaring of a symphony on the radio that inspires that perfect flourish to an article, music is woven throughout much of our clinical and academic lives. For the five of us, however, music alternates between the background and foreground in our lives as health professions educators. Music balances the working day, illuminates our research, and reconciles the utility of our training with the originality of our practice...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859839/work-family-conflict-and-enrichment-in-nurses-between-job-demands-perceived-organisational-support-and-work-family-backlash
#14
Chiara Ghislieri, Paola Gatti, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese
AIM: This study investigated how work relationships (perceived organisational support, supervisor and co-worker work-family backlash) and job demands (workload, emotional dissonance) can interact with work-family conflict and work-family enrichment. BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive literature on the work-family interface, few studies on the nursing profession have considered the role of job demands and work relationships, focusing on both the positive and negative side of the work-family interface...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844190/erratum-to-refusal-of-medical-blood-transfusions-among-jehovah-s-witnesses-emotion-regulation-of-the-dissonance-of-saving-and-sacrificing-life
#15
Hege Kristin Ringnes, Harald Hegstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834118/challenging-hiv-vulnerability-discourse-the-case-of-professional-and-entrepreneurial-women-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#16
Neema William Jangu, Ailie Tam, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
A poverty-HIV narrative has dominated many HIV prevention strategies in Africa despite epidemiological data showing higher prevalence of infection among educated and wealthier women in several African countries. This paper examines the perspectives of professional and entrepreneurial women on HIV risk and vulnerability based on their knowledge and lived experiences, comparing this to the HIV discourse evident in five strategic documents that shape intervention in Tanzania. The purpose is to uncover the confluence and dissonance between the discourses of government and those of professional women themselves...
November 11, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825587/rebel-peer-education-a-model-of-a-voluntary-after-school-program-for-eating-disorder-prevention
#17
Lauren Breithaupt, Laura Eickman, Catherine E Byrne, Sarah Fischer
Dissonance-based eating disorder prevention leads to decreases in risk factors for these disorders. Although controlled trials have demonstrated that targeted, manualized programs reduce eating disorder risk, concerns regarding implementation and dissemination remain. A primary concern is the difficulty in adapting programs for a high school setting for populations at highest risk: adolescents. This paper describes the REbeL Peer Education model and assesses the initial pilot trials of the intervention. The program is novel in that it utilizes a voluntary, self-selection model that is sustainable in a high school setting, and focuses on empowerment and effective cognitive dissonance based prevention activities...
October 27, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808527/dissonance-based-eating-disorder-program-reduces-cardiac-risk-a-preliminary-trial
#18
Melinda A Green, Mary Willis, Kristen Fernandez-Kong, Shuhan Reyes, Ruby Linkhart, Molly Johnson, Tyler Thorne, Emily Kroska, Halley Woodward, Jessica Lindberg
Objective: We conducted a randomized, controlled preliminary trial to examine the effect of a dissonance-based eating disorder program on eating disorder symptoms and cardiac risk indices in a community sample of women with subclinical and clinical symptoms (N = 47), examining the efficacy of the program in both the indicated prevention and treatment realms. Method: Eating disorder symptoms, body mass index, and biomarkers of cardiac risk were examined in dissonance and assessment-only control conditions at baseline, postintervention, and 2-month follow-up...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796505/emotional-dissonance-and-sickness-absence-a-prospective-study-of-employees-working-with-clients
#19
Anne-Marthe Rustad Indregard, Stein Knardahl, Morten Birkeland Nielsen
PURPOSE: (1) Determine the relationship between emotional dissonance and medically certified sickness absence among employees working with clients and (2) compare the impact of emotional dissonance on medically certified sickness absence with the impact of other psychological and social work factors. METHODS: A sample of 7758 employees was recruited from 96 Norwegian organizations in the period 2004 to 2014, all working with clients. The study design was prospective with emotional dissonance measured at baseline and then linked to official registry data of medically certified sickness absence for the year following the survey assessment...
October 28, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769589/healthcare-professionals-assertions-and-women-s-responses-during-labour-a-conversation-analytic-study-of-data-from-one-born-every-minute
#20
Clare Jackson, Victoria Land, Edward J B Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Communication during labour is consequential for women's experience yet analyses of situated labour-ward interaction are rare. This study demonstrates the value of explicating the interactional practices used to initiate 'decisions' during labour. METHODS: Interactions between 26 labouring women, their birth partners and HCPs were transcribed from the British television programme, One Born Every Minute. Conversation analysis was used to examine how decisions were initiated and accomplished in interaction...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
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