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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720776/dissonance-encoding-in-human-inferior-colliculus-covaries-with-individual-differences-in-dislike-of-dissonant-music
#1
Seung-Goo Kim, Jöran Lepsien, Thomas Hans Fritz, Toralf Mildner, Karsten Mueller
Harmony is one of the most fundamental elements of music that evokes emotional response. The inferior colliculus (IC) has been known to detect poor agreement of harmonics of sound, that is, dissonance. Electrophysiological evidence has implicated a relationship between a sustained auditory response mainly from the brainstem and unpleasant emotion induced by dissonant harmony. Interestingly, an individual's dislike of dissonant harmony of an individual correlated with a reduced sustained auditory response. In the current paper, we report novel evidence based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for such a relationship between individual variability in dislike of dissonance and the IC activation...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718491/-hiv-aids-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-assessing-the-quality-of-the-available-information
#2
Maria Quitéria Batista Meirelles, Ana Karla Bezerra Lopes, Kenio Costa Lima
Objective: To analyze the quality of the information available in the Reportable Disease Information System (SINAN) regarding pregnant women with HIV/AIDS in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, between 2007 and 2014. Method: The quality of information was analyzed based on completeness (percentage of fields containing values that were not null) of fields (sociodemographic information, epidemiologic maternal history, pre-natal care, and delivery) and on the existence of discrepancy between the data sources analyzed (Natal and Mossoró municipal departments of health, state department of health, and Unified Health System information database, DATASUS)...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713300/new-technologies-smart-or-harm-work-family-boundaries-management-gender-differences-in-conflict-and-enrichment-using-the-jd-r-theory
#3
Chiara Ghislieri, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese, Lara Colombo
Background: The relationship between technology-assisted supplemental work and well-being outcomes is a recent issue in scientific literature. Whether the use of technology for work purpose in off-work time may have a positive or negative impact on work-family balance remains an open question and the role of gender in this relationship is poorly understood. Aim: According to the JD-R theory, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between off-work hours technology assisted job demand (off-TAJD) and both work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711120/from-efficacy-to-global-impact-lessons-learned-about-what-not-to-do-in-translating-our-research-to-reach
#4
Carolyn B Becker
Although members of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies have made significant strides toward the collective goals outlined in our mission statement, we routinely acknowledge that our ability to develop empirically supported treatments exceeds our success in improving dissemination and implementation of said interventions. Further, as noted by Kazdin and Blase (2011), even if we succeeded in having every clinician worldwide administer our best treatments with excellent competency, we still would be unsuccessful in markedly impacting the worldwide burden of mental illness because most treatments require intensive labor by expensive providers...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708861/incidental-mood-state-before-dissonance-induction-affects-attitude-change
#5
Marie-Amélie Martinie, Yves Almecija, Christine Ros, Sandrine Gil
The way that incidental affect impacts attitude change brought about by controlled processes has so far been examined when the incidental affective state is generated after dissonance state induction. We therefore investigated attitude change when the incidental mood occurs prior to dissonance state induction. We expected a negative mood to induce systematic processing, and a positive mood to induce heuristic processing. Given that both systematic processing and attitude change are cognitively costly, we expected participants who experienced the dissonance state in a negative mood to have insufficient resources to allocate to attitude change...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688200/conflicts-of-interest-in-emergency-medicine
#6
Joel Martin Geiderman, Kenneth V Iserson, Catherine A Marco, John Jesus, Arvind Venkat
Conflicts of interest are common in the practice of emergency medicine and may be present in the areas of clinical practice, relations with industry, expert witness testimony, medical education, research, and organizations. A conflict of interest occurs when there is dissonance between a primary interest and another interest. The concept of professionalism in medicine places the patient as the primary interest in any interaction with a physician. We contend that patient welfare is the ultimate interest in the entire enterprise of medicine...
July 8, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674507/impaired-coupling-between-the-dorsomedial-prefrontal-cortex-and-the-amygdala-in-schizophrenia-smokers-viewing-anti-smoking-images
#7
Stéphane Potvin, Andràs Tikàsz, Ovidiu Lungu, Emmanuel Stip, Vesséla Zaharieva, Pierre Lalonde, Olivier Lipp, Adrianna Mendrek
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is highly prevalent in schizophrenia and is one of the main factors contributing to the significantly decreased life expectancy in this population. Schizophrenia smokers, compared to their counterparts with no comorbid psychiatric disorder, are largely unaware and indifferent to the long-term negative consequences of cigarette smoking. The objective of this study was to determine, for the first time, if these meta-cognitive deficits are associated with neuro-functional alterations in schizophrenia smokers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670338/exploring-the-potential-implementation-of-a-tool-to-enhance-shared-decision-making-sdm-in-mental-health-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-views-of-service-users-carers-and-professionals
#8
Helen Brooks, Kamelia Harris, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell, Anne Rogers, Richard Drake
BACKGROUND: As a response to evidence that mental health service users and carers expect greater involvement in decisions about antipsychotic medication choice and prescribing, shared decision-making (SDM) has increasingly come to be viewed as an essential element of person-centred care and practice. However, this aspiration has yet to be realised in practice, as service users and carers continue to feel alienated from healthcare services. Existing understanding of the factors affecting the use of tools to support SDM is limited to inter-individual influences and wider factors affecting potential implementation are underexplored...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666903/dose-dissonance-in-radiation-oncology-consensus-needed-when-prescribing-dose-in-radiation-therapy
#9
EDITORIAL
Peter B Schiff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665008/understanding-how-coping-strategies-and-quality-of-life-maintain-hope-in-patients-deliberating-phase-i-trial-participation
#10
Diane A van der Biessen, Peer G van der Helm, Dennis Klein, Simone van der Burg, Ron H Mathijssen, Martijn P Lolkema, Maja J de Jonge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how hope and motivation of patients considering phase-I trial participation are affected by psychological factors such as coping strategies and locus of control (LoC), and general well-being as measured by the quality of life (QoL). METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional study was performed in patients with incurable cancer (N=135) referred to our phase-I unit for the first time. Patients were potentially eligible for phase-I trial participation and participated in our study while deliberating phase-I trial participation...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660475/eating-disorders-and-disordered-weight-and-shape-control-behaviors-in-sexual-minority-populations
#11
REVIEW
Jerel P Calzo, Aaron J Blashill, Tiffany A Brown, Russell L Argenal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarized trends and key findings from empirical studies conducted between 2011 and 2017 regarding eating disorders and disordered weight and shape control behaviors among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other sexual minority (i.e., non-heterosexual) populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research has examined disparities through sociocultural and minority stress approaches. Sexual minorities continue to demonstrate higher rates of disordered eating; disparities are more pronounced among males...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657500/-a-very-steep-climb-therapists-perspectives-on-barriers-to-disclosure-of-child-sexual-abuse-experiences-for-men
#12
Elizabeth Gruenfeld, Danny G Willis, Scott D Easton
Recent studies indicate that men experience unique barriers to disclosure of child sexual abuse. Blind spots held by mental health providers and social service agencies may inadvertently help produce and sustain these barriers. However, therapists who specialize in treating this population may also hold important insights into the barriers clients face. Because delayed and nondisclosure of child sexual abuse have been associated with negative mental health outcomes for adult survivors, understanding these barriers is critical to improve clinical practice and facilitate help-seeking...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648957/teaching-psychology-to-nursing-students-a-discussion-of-the-potential-contribution-of-psychology-towards-building-resilience-to-lapses-in-compassionate-caring
#13
Jan M A de Vries, Fiona Timmins
Psychology is a required element in nursing education in many countries. It is particularly aimed at teaching nursing students to get a better understanding of patients, colleagues, health care organizations and themselves, and moreover to apply what they learn about psychology to optimise their care. A meaningful integration of psychology within nursing education requires an emphasis on its application in understanding aspects of care and skills development. However, its ultimate value is demonstrated when addressing problem areas in nursing and health care...
June 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633173/exploring-residents-skills-in-diagnosing-dementia-the-unexpected-dissonance-between-ability-and-confidence
#14
Brian S Lerner, Virginia Kalish, Christy J W Ledford
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of dementia is a challenge for physicians due to numerous interrelated barriers. Research shows that this difficulty may be rooted in an incomplete knowledge about dementia. To address this gap, we developed an assessment scale of resident confidence in the diagnosis of dementia and used it to compare resident confidence to their practical ability to diagnose dementia. METHODS: The study used a piloted confidence assessment tool for diagnosing dementia correlated with family medicine residents (n=45) performance during an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE)...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602997/neural-mechanisms-underlying-valence-inferences-to-sound-the-role-of-the-right-angular-gyrus
#15
Fernando Bravo, Ian Cross, Sarah Hawkins, Nadia Gonzalez, Jorge Docampo, Claudio Bruno, Emmanuel Andreas Stamatakis
We frequently infer others' intentions based on non-verbal auditory cues. Although the brain underpinnings of social cognition have been extensively studied, no empirical work has yet examined the impact of musical structure manipulation on the neural processing of emotional valence during mental state inferences. We used a novel sound-based theory-of-mind paradigm in which participants categorized stimuli of different sensory dissonance level in terms of positive/negative valence. Whilst consistent with previous studies which propose facilitated encoding of consonances, our results demonstrated that distinct levels of consonance/dissonance elicited differential influences on the right angular gyrus, an area implicated in mental state attribution and attention reorienting processes...
June 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576793/inflation-of-wells-score-to-obtain-computed-tomography-pulmonary-angiogram-an-example-of-cognitive-dissonance
#16
S Sharma, P Kelly, M B Whyte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574301/wellbeing-the-challenge-of-operationalising-an-holistic-concept-within-a-reductionist-public-health-programme
#17
Mark Dooris, Alan Farrier, Lynn Froggett
Wellbeing is a concept that, while contested, recognises individual and wider social, economic, political and environmental contextual influences - and is of growing interest and relevance locally and globally. In this article, we report on one aspect of an evaluative research study conducted on a public health programme in North West England. AIMS: Within the context of a process evaluation that explored the delivery of a public health programme and sought to increase understanding of how and why different approaches worked well or not so well, this article focuses specifically on the concept of wellbeing, examining perceptions of multiple stakeholders...
June 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570522/fmri-mapping-of-brain-activity-associated-with-the-vocal-production-of-consonant-and-dissonant-intervals
#18
Nadia González-García, Pablo L Rendón
The neural correlates of consonance and dissonance perception have been widely studied, but not the neural correlates of consonance and dissonance production. The most straightforward manner of musical production is singing, but, from an imaging perspective, it still presents more challenges than listening because it involves motor activity. The accurate singing of musical intervals requires integration between auditory feedback processing and vocal motor control in order to correctly produce each note. This protocol presents a method that permits the monitoring of neural activations associated with the vocal production of consonant and dissonant intervals...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569541/-embodiment-as-procedures-physical-cleansing-changes-goal-priming-effects-correction-to-dong-and-lee-2017
#19
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Embodiment as procedures: Physical cleansing changes goal priming effects" by Ping Dong and Spike W. S. Lee (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2017[Apr], Vol 146[4], 592-605). In the article, the following F-value and p-values in the Results section of Experiment 3 were set incorrectly: The p-value p=.925 should be p=.922. The F- and p-values F(1, 201)=.011, p=.916 should be F(1, 201) .014, p= .906. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-14922-010...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556389/current-practice-and-challenges-in-night-time-care-for-people-with-dementia-living-in-care-homes-a-qualitative-study
#20
Kayleigh Marie Nunez, Zunera Khan, Ingelin Testad, Vanessa Lawrence, Byron Creese, Anne Corbett
OBJECTIVE: To explore the current practices and challenges in night-time care for people with dementia living in care homes in the UK. METHODS: Focus group discussions (FGD) were held with care staff and family carers from five care homes in South London. To supplement the FGD data, an online survey was circulated to family carers (n = 16), and informal interviews were conducted with night-time care staff and nurses (n = 19). The questions for the online survey were designed to specifically explore the themes that emerged from the FGD...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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