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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816031/do-you-see-what-i-see-a-mother-s-plea
#1
Kees Nydam, Rebecca Soole
There is sometimes dissonance between the medical services that the general public expects an ED to provide and the acute critical care that emergency clinicians hope to provide. One explanation for this is that the ED is both a territory and a meeting place for a cornucopia of clinicians, some of whom are not ED clinicians themselves. Roles are sometimes ambiguous and location-specific. Recently, one Queensland mother believed that her son's suicide could have been prevented had emergency staff been better educated...
August 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812515/recognising-and-responding-to-care-erosion-part-1
#2
Jan Martinus Anne de Vries, Fiona Timmins
This article is the first in a two-part series discussing declining standards of care. Many healthcare organisations, particularly hospitals, are under increased pressure to maintain standards of care while experiencing funding and staff shortages, and increasing patient numbers and demand for services. One of the main risks associated with these competing demands is a gradual decline in care standards, described as 'care erosion' in this article. Understanding the psychosocial mechanisms that can lead to care erosion is important in preventing its occurrence...
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806333/what-does-music-sound-like-for-a-cochlear-implant-user
#3
Nicole T Jiam, Meredith T Caldwell, Charles J Limb
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implant research and product development over the past 40 years have been heavily focused on speech comprehension with little emphasis on music listening and enjoyment. The relatively little understanding of how music sounds in a cochlear implant user stands in stark contrast to the overall degree of importance the public places on music and quality of life. The purpose of this article is to describe what music sounds like to cochlear implant users, using a combination of existing research studies and listener descriptions...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801926/internet-delivered-eating-disorder-prevention-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-dissonance-based-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions
#4
Taona P Chithambo, Stanley J Huey
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated two web-based programs for eating disorder prevention in high-risk, predominantly ethnic minority women. METHOD: Two hundred and seventy-one women with elevated weight concerns were randomized to Internet dissonance-based intervention (DBI-I), Internet cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBI-I), or no intervention (NI). Both interventions consisted of four weekly online sessions. Participants were assessed at pre- and post-intervention...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798713/knowledge-vs-action-discrepancies-in-university-students-knowledge-about-and-self-reported-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#5
Nora M Foerst, Julia Klug, Gregor Jöstl, Christiane Spiel, Barbara Schober
University students are supposed to be autonomous learners, able to adapt to an educational environment significantly less guided than school. Entering higher education poses a challenge of self-regulation, in which beginning students are often not prepared with self-regulation strategies needed. Since there are many studies assessing self-regulated learning (SRL) via classical self-reports, we know a lot about how students generally self-assess their SRL strategies. However, SRL and performance do not always correlate highly in these studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780949/positioning-end-of-life-care-education-within-the-pre-registration-therapeutic-radiography-curriculum-a-survey-of-current-practices-amongst-uk-higher-education-institutions
#6
N White
AIM: It is essential that all health professionals who come into contact with patients with terminal diagnoses are equipped to effectively and competently provide end of life care. This study aims to investigate the manner in which Higher Education Institutions address this requirement with their programmes of pre-registration therapeutic radiography education. METHOD: A structured survey was administered electronically to all UK universities with responsibility for therapeutic radiography education...
September 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774666/anti-legal-attitude-toward-abortion-among-abortion-patients-in-the-u-s
#7
Rachel G Thomas, Alison H Norris, Maria F Gallo
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of believing that abortion should be illegal in all or most cases among women obtaining an abortion in the U.S. and to identify correlates of holding this belief. METHODS: Study population was drawn from the nationally-representative 2008 Abortion Patient Survey. The primary outcome was having an anti-legal abortion attitude, defined as agreeing that abortion should be illegal in all or most cases. We assessed potential correlates in bivariable and multivariable analyses using weights to account for the complex sampling...
August 1, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765438/dental-faculty-members-pedagogic-beliefs-and-curriculum-aims-in-problem-based-learning-an-exploratory-study
#8
HsingChi von Bergmann, Judith Walker, Kirsten R Dalrymple, Charles F Shuler
The aims of this exploratory study were to explore dental faculty members' views and beliefs regarding knowledge, the dental profession, and teaching and learning and to determine how these views related to their problem-based learning (PBL) instructional practices. Prior to a PBL in dental education conference held in 2011, all attendees were invited to complete a survey focused on their pedagogical beliefs and practices in PBL. Out of a possible 55 participants, 28 responded. Additionally, during the conference, a forum was held in which preliminary survey findings were shared and participants contributed to focus group data collection...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758237/towards-an-understanding-of-how-appraisal-of-doctors-produces-its-effects-a-realist-review
#9
REVIEW
Nicola Brennan, Marie Bryce, Mark Pearson, Geoff Wong, Chris Cooper, Julian Archer
CONTEXT: Revalidation was launched in the UK to provide assurances to the public that doctors are up to date and fit to practice. Appraisal is a fundamental component of revalidation. Approximately 150 000 doctors are appraised annually, costing an estimated £97 million over 10 years. There is little understanding of the theory of how and why appraisal is supposed to produce its effects. A realist review of the literature was utilised to explore these issues, as they generate context-mechanism-outcome (CMO) configurations, resulting in the creation of theories of how and why appraisal of doctors produces its effects...
July 31, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730736/the-importance-of-moral-emotions-for-effective-collaboration-in-culturally-diverse-healthcare-teams
#10
Catherine Cook, Margaret Brunton
Moral emotions shape the effectiveness of culturally diverse teams. However, these emotions, which are integral to determining ethically responsive patient care and team relationships, typically go unrecognised. The contribution of emotions to moral deliberation is subjugated within the technorational environment of healthcare decision-making. Contemporary healthcare organisations rely on a multicultural workforce charged with the ethical care of vulnerable people. Limited extant literature examines the role of moral emotions in ethical decision-making among culturally diverse healthcare teams...
July 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720776/dissonance-encoding-in-human-inferior-colliculus-covaries-with-individual-differences-in-dislike-of-dissonant-music
#11
Seung-Goo Kim, Jöran Lepsien, Thomas Hans Fritz, Toralf Mildner, Karsten Mueller
Harmony is one of the most fundamental elements of music that evokes emotional response. The inferior colliculus (IC) has been known to detect poor agreement of harmonics of sound, that is, dissonance. Electrophysiological evidence has implicated a relationship between a sustained auditory response mainly from the brainstem and unpleasant emotion induced by dissonant harmony. Interestingly, an individual's dislike of dissonant harmony of an individual correlated with a reduced sustained auditory response. In the current paper, we report novel evidence based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for such a relationship between individual variability in dislike of dissonance and the IC activation...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718491/-hiv-aids-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-assessing-the-quality-of-the-available-information
#12
Maria Quitéria Batista Meirelles, Ana Karla Bezerra Lopes, Kenio Costa Lima
Objective: To analyze the quality of the information available in the Reportable Disease Information System (SINAN) regarding pregnant women with HIV/AIDS in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, between 2007 and 2014. Method: The quality of information was analyzed based on completeness (percentage of fields containing values that were not null) of fields (sociodemographic information, epidemiologic maternal history, pre-natal care, and delivery) and on the existence of discrepancy between the data sources analyzed (Natal and Mossoró municipal departments of health, state department of health, and Unified Health System information database, DATASUS)...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713300/new-technologies-smart-or-harm-work-family-boundaries-management-gender-differences-in-conflict-and-enrichment-using-the-jd-r-theory
#13
Chiara Ghislieri, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese, Lara Colombo
Background: The relationship between technology-assisted supplemental work and well-being outcomes is a recent issue in scientific literature. Whether the use of technology for work purpose in off-work time may have a positive or negative impact on work-family balance remains an open question and the role of gender in this relationship is poorly understood. Aim: According to the JD-R theory, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between off-work hours technology assisted job demand (off-TAJD) and both work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711120/from-efficacy-to-global-impact-lessons-learned-about-what-not-to-do-in-translating-our-research-to-reach
#14
Carolyn B Becker
Although members of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies have made significant strides toward the collective goals outlined in our mission statement, we routinely acknowledge that our ability to develop empirically supported treatments exceeds our success in improving dissemination and implementation of said interventions. Further, as noted by Kazdin and Blase (2011), even if we succeeded in having every clinician worldwide administer our best treatments with excellent competency, we still would be unsuccessful in markedly impacting the worldwide burden of mental illness because most treatments require intensive labor by expensive providers...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708861/incidental-mood-state-before-dissonance-induction-affects-attitude-change
#15
Marie-Amélie Martinie, Yves Almecija, Christine Ros, Sandrine Gil
The way that incidental affect impacts attitude change brought about by controlled processes has so far been examined when the incidental affective state is generated after dissonance state induction. We therefore investigated attitude change when the incidental mood occurs prior to dissonance state induction. We expected a negative mood to induce systematic processing, and a positive mood to induce heuristic processing. Given that both systematic processing and attitude change are cognitively costly, we expected participants who experienced the dissonance state in a negative mood to have insufficient resources to allocate to attitude change...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688200/conflicts-of-interest-in-emergency-medicine
#16
Joel Martin Geiderman, Kenneth V Iserson, Catherine A Marco, John Jesus, Arvind Venkat
Conflicts of interest are common in the practice of emergency medicine and may be present in the areas of clinical practice, relations with industry, expert witness testimony, medical education, research, and organizations. A conflict of interest occurs when there is dissonance between a primary interest and another interest. The concept of professionalism in medicine places the patient as the primary interest in any interaction with a physician. We contend that patient welfare is the ultimate interest in the entire enterprise of medicine...
July 8, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674507/impaired-coupling-between-the-dorsomedial-prefrontal-cortex-and-the-amygdala-in-schizophrenia-smokers-viewing-anti-smoking-images
#17
Stéphane Potvin, Andràs Tikàsz, Ovidiu Lungu, Emmanuel Stip, Vesséla Zaharieva, Pierre Lalonde, Olivier Lipp, Adrianna Mendrek
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is highly prevalent in schizophrenia and is one of the main factors contributing to the significantly decreased life expectancy in this population. Schizophrenia smokers, compared to their counterparts with no comorbid psychiatric disorder, are largely unaware and indifferent to the long-term negative consequences of cigarette smoking. The objective of this study was to determine, for the first time, if these meta-cognitive deficits are associated with neuro-functional alterations in schizophrenia smokers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670338/exploring-the-potential-implementation-of-a-tool-to-enhance-shared-decision-making-sdm-in-mental-health-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-views-of-service-users-carers-and-professionals
#18
Helen Brooks, Kamelia Harris, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell, Anne Rogers, Richard Drake
BACKGROUND: As a response to evidence that mental health service users and carers expect greater involvement in decisions about antipsychotic medication choice and prescribing, shared decision-making (SDM) has increasingly come to be viewed as an essential element of person-centred care and practice. However, this aspiration has yet to be realised in practice, as service users and carers continue to feel alienated from healthcare services. Existing understanding of the factors affecting the use of tools to support SDM is limited to inter-individual influences and wider factors affecting potential implementation are underexplored...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666903/dose-dissonance-in-radiation-oncology-consensus-needed-when-prescribing-dose-in-radiation-therapy
#19
EDITORIAL
Peter B Schiff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665008/understanding-how-coping-strategies-and-quality-of-life-maintain-hope-in-patients-deliberating-phase-i-trial-participation
#20
Diane A van der Biessen, Peer G van der Helm, Dennis Klein, Simone van der Burg, Ron H Mathijssen, Martijn P Lolkema, Maja J de Jonge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how hope and motivation of patients considering phase-I trial participation are affected by psychological factors such as coping strategies and locus of control (LoC), and general well-being as measured by the quality of life (QoL). METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional study was performed in patients with incurable cancer (N=135) referred to our phase-I unit for the first time. Patients were potentially eligible for phase-I trial participation and participated in our study while deliberating phase-I trial participation...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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