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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901293/live-birth-sex-ratios-and-father-s-geographic-origins-in-jerusalem-1964-1976
#1
J Groeger, M Opler, K Kleinhaus, M C Perrin, R Calderon-Margalit, O Manor, O Paltiel, D Conley, S Harlap, D Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether ancestry influenced sex ratios of offspring in a birth cohort before parental antenatal sex selection influenced offspring sex. METHODS: We measured the sex ratio as the percent of males according to countries of birth of paternal and maternal grandfathers in 91,459 live births from 1964 to 1976 in the Jerusalem Perinatal Study. Confidence limits (CI) were computed based on an expected sex ratio of 1.05, which is 51.4% male. RESULTS: Of all live births recorded, 51...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#2
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848937/reconstructing-druze-population-history
#3
Scarlett Marshall, Ranajit Das, Mehdi Pirooznia, Eran Elhaik
The Druze are an aggregate of communities in the Levant and Near East living almost exclusively in the mountains of Syria, Lebanon and Israel whose ~1000 year old religion formally opposes mixed marriages and conversions. Despite increasing interest in genetics of the population structure of the Druze, their population history remains unknown. We investigated the genetic relationships between Israeli Druze and both modern and ancient populations. We evaluated our findings in light of three hypotheses purporting to explain Druze history that posit Arabian, Persian or mixed Near Eastern-Levantine roots...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830742/multidisciplinary-oil-spill-modeling-to-protect-coastal-communities-and-the-environment-of-the-eastern-mediterranean-sea
#4
Tiago M Alves, Eleni Kokinou, George Zodiatis, Hari Radhakrishnan, Costas Panagiotakis, Robin Lardner
We present new mathematical and geological models to assist civil protection authorities in the mitigation of potential oil spill accidents in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Oil spill simulations for 19 existing offshore wells were carried out based on novel and high resolution bathymetric, meteorological, oceanographic, and geomorphological data. The simulations show a trend for east and northeast movement of oil spills into the Levantine Basin, affecting the coastal areas of Israel, Lebanon and Syria. Oil slicks will reach the coast in 1 to 20 days, driven by the action of the winds, currents and waves...
November 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826320/the-distribution-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-middle-eastern-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Hossein Ghaderi-Zefrehi, Mohammad Gholami-Fesharaki, Heidar Sharafi, Farzin Sadeghi, Seyed Moayed Alavian
CONTEXT: The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is classified into seven genotypes and more than 100 subtypes. The treatment regimen, duration and efficacy of HCV therapy may vary according to the HCV genotype. Therefore, the HCV genotype should be determined prior to antiviral therapy. The objective of the current study was to review systematically all studies reporting the distribution of HCV genotypes in the countries that make up the Middle East. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Articles were identified by searching electronic databases, including Scopus, PubMed and Google scholar, with timeline limits (articles published between 1995 and 2016)...
September 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813713/tales-of-telemedicine-in-syria
#6
Ronald C Merrell, Charles R Doarn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800018/endoscopic-removal-of-a-retained-surgical-sponge-in-a-young-syrian-refugee-after-caesarean-section-a-case-report-with-discussion-of-cultural-and-political-consequences
#7
Johannes Ackermann, Moritz Kanzow, Micaela Mathiak, Ulrich Pecks, Nicolai Maass, Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND: Inadvertently retained sponges and instruments still constitute a major but preventable complication in surgery. Given the high geographic mobility of patients, the fluctuation of physician-patient contact, and communication problems due to language barriers, the conscientious use of structured safety protocols in clinical routine is an essential aspect of quality in health care. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 24-year-old refugee from Syria who presented at our gynecological outpatient department with a tumor in the lower abdomen, suspected to be a lump in the ovary or the uterus...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796701/bedouin-women-s-gender-preferences-when-choosing-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#8
Hadar Amir, Hanaa Abokaf, Yifat Amir Levy, Foad Azem, Eyal Sheiner
Patients' preferences in choosing obstetricians/gynecologists are widely investigated, but studies among traditional populations are lacking. Bedouins comprise a traditional Arab Muslim society in the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia), The Levant (Syria, Jordan and Israel) and North Africa (Egypt). Most of the Bedouins in Israel populate several villages, mostly in the southern part of the country. This cross-sectional study compared 200 Bedouin and 200 Jewish women who responded to an anonymous questionnaire...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739578/broken-promises-and-lost-dreams-navigating-asylum-in-the-united-states
#9
Damir S Utržan, Andrea K Northwood
Nearly 65 million people around the world have been displaced by war, conflict, and persecution since 2014 (UNHCR; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 2015). This yields an average of 42,000 people refugees, asylum seekers, or internally displaced every day. Displacement has adverse and disruptive consequences, including mental health problems (e.g., anxiety, depression), impaired interpersonal relationships, and heightened conflict. These consequences are compounded by profound ambiguity associated with navigating asylum in the United States...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737721/children-in-the-syrian-civil-war-the-familial-educational-and-public-health-impact-of-ongoing-violence
#10
Abdallah Mohamed Elsafti, Gerlant van Berlaer, Mohammad Al Safadi, Michel Debacker, Ronald Buyl, Atef Redwan, Ives Hubloue
OBJECTIVE: The Syrian civil war since 2011 has led to one of the most complex humanitarian emergencies in history. The objective of this study was to document the impact of the conflict on the familial, educational, and public health state of Syrian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in May 2015. Health care workers visited families with a prospectively designed data sheet in 4 Northern Syrian governorates. RESULTS: The 1001 children included in this study originated from Aleppo (41%), Idleb (36%), Hamah (15%), and Lattakia (8%)...
October 14, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733281/global-regional-and-national-life-expectancy-all-cause-mortality-and-cause-specific-mortality-for-249-causes-of-death-1980-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. METHODS: We estimated all-cause mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using an improved analytical approach originally developed for GBD 2013 and GBD 2010...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726640/harnessing-knowledge-on-very-important-pharmacogenes-cyp2c9-and-cyp2c19-variation-for-precision-medicine-in-resource-limited-global-conflict-zones
#12
İbrahim Ömer Barlas, Orhan Sezgin, Collet Dandara, Gözde Türköz, Emre Yengel, Zinhle Cindi, Handan Ankaralı, Semra Şardaş
Pharmacogenomics harnesses the utility of a patient's genome (n = 1) in decisions on which therapeutic drugs and in what amounts should be administered. Often, patients with shared ancestry present with comparable genetic profiles that predict drug response. However, populations are not static, thus, often, population mobility through migration, especially enmasse as is seen for refugees, changes the pharmacogenetic profiles of resultant populations and therefore observed responses to commonly used therapeutic drugs...
October 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708696/differences-in-tobacco-smoking-prevalence-and-frequency-between-adolescent-palestine-refugee-and-non-refugee-populations-in-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#13
Mohammed Jawad, Ali Khader, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Evidence is conflicting as to the whether tobacco smoking prevalence is higher in refugee than non-refugee populations. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and frequency of tobacco smoking in Palestine refugee and non-refugee adolescent populations in the Middle East. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank among adolescent Palestine refugees and non-refugees...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677237/-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-syrian-refugee
#14
M de Wild, F H Wiersma, T F W Wolfs, P M van Hasselt
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is rare in the Netherlands, but it is endemic to Syria. The disease can manifest itself many years after initial exposure. Given the arrival of Syrian refugees in the Netherlands, awareness of this disease entity is warranted. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 5-year-old boy from Syria had investigations for hepatosplenomegaly. As an incidental finding a solitary, moderately demarcated, erythematous plaque was noted on his right cheek. It measured 4 × 2 cm and had a central haemorrhagic, exudative, honey-yellow slough...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673432/l-%C3%AE-phosphatidylglycerol-chlorohydrins-as-potential-biomarkers-for-chlorine-gas-exposure
#15
Petrus Hemström, Andreas Larsson, Linda Elfsmark, Crister Åstot
Chlorine is a widely available toxic chemical that has been repeatedly used in armed conflict globally. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) have on numerous occasions found "compelling confirmation" that chlorine gas has been used against civilians in northern Syria. However, currently, there are no analytical methods available to unambiguously prove chlorine gas exposure. In this study, we describe the screening for chlorinated biomolecules by the use of mass isotope ratio filters followed by the identification of two biomarkers present in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from chlorine gas exposed mice...
October 6, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662373/human-capital-values-and-attitudes-of-persons-seeking-refuge-in-austria-in-2015
#16
Isabella Buber-Ennser, Judith Kohlenberger, Bernhard Rengs, Zakarya Al Zalak, Anne Goujon, Erich Striessnig, Michaela Potančoková, Richard Gisser, Maria Rita Testa, Wolfgang Lutz
Since its inception in 2010, the Arab Spring has evolved into a situation of violent conflict in many countries, leading to high levels of migration from the affected region. Given the social impact of the large number of individuals applying for asylum across Europe in 2015, it is important to study who these persons are in terms of their skills, motivations, and intentions. DiPAS (Displaced Persons in Austria Survey) aims to uncover the socio-demographic characteristics of the persons seeking refuge who arrived in Austria in 2015, mainly originating from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648209/seropositivity-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-syrian-multi-transfused-patients-with-hemoglobinopathy
#17
Widad Yazaji, Wafa Habbal, Fawza Monem
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Blood transfusion is a lifesaving therapy for patients with hemoglobinopathies. However, the need of frequent transfusion carries the risk of transmitting hepatitis B and C infections which are intermediately prevalent in Syria. Despite screening blood donations with sensitive methods, the risk of transmission is still present when infectious blood is donated within the window period. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of HBV and HCV seropositivity, and its association with multiple transfusions among Syrian hemoglobinopathies patients...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646558/risk-factors-of-keloids-in-syrians
#18
Abeer Shaheen, Jamal Khaddam, Fadi Kesh
BACKGROUND: Keloid is a benign fibrous growth, which presents in scar tissue of predisposed individuals. It is a result of irregular wound healing, but the exact mechanism is unknown. However, several factors may play a role in keloid formation. To date, there are no studies of keloids in Syria, and limited studies on Caucasians, so we have investigated the risk factors of keloids in Syrians (Caucasians), and this is the main objective of this study. METHODS: Diagnosis of keloids was clinically made after an interview and physical examination...
2016: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613912/smoking-cessation-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-findings-from-the-first-randomized-cessation-trial-in-a-low-income-country-setting
#19
Ziyad Ben Taleb, Kenneth D Ward, Taghrid Asfar, Rana Jaber, Raed Bahelah, Wasim Maziak
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, quitting cigarette smoking is associated with weight gain, which can reduce motivation to abstain. Whether smoking cessation is associated with weight gain in a low-income country context has never been investigated. We aimed to determine the post-cessation changes in body mass index (BMI) and its predictors among smokers who received a smoking cessation intervention in a low-income country setting. METHODS: We performed post hoc analyses of data from 269 smokers who participated in a two-group, parallel-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial of combined nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and behavioral counseling in primary care clinics in Aleppo, Syria...
September 9, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608832/uk-parliamentary-debate-analysis-bombing-isil-in-syria
#20
Haifa Rashed
This paper examines the arguments presented for and against the UK government's motion for the UK to intervene militarily in Syria in the House of Commons debate on ISIL in Syria that took place on 2 December 2015. It considers what the most common arguments were in favour of and in opposition to the motion as well as which arguments were given the most emphasis, in order to understand the prime justifications given that led to the decision to approve the motion. It suggests that due to the shadow of the 2003 Iraq war, politicians in the debate placed a considerable emphasis on the legal justification for military intervention...
September 9, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
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