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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147784/molecular-characterization-of-faba-bean-necrotic-yellows-viruses-in-tunisia
#1
Simona Kraberger, Safaa G Kumari, Asma Najar, Daisy Stainton, Darren P Martin, Arvind Varsani
Faba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBNYV) (genus Nanovirus; family Nanoviridae) has a genome comprising eight individually encapsidated circular single-stranded DNA components. It has frequently been found infecting faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in association with satellite molecules (alphasatellites). Genome sequences of FBNYV from Azerbaijan, Egypt, Iran, Morocco, Spain and Syria have been determined previously and we now report the first five genome sequences of FBNYV and associated alphasatellites from faba bean sampled in Tunisia...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146926/correlations-and-forecast-of-death-tolls-in-the-syrian-conflict
#2
Kazuki Fujita, Shigeru Shinomoto, Luis E C Rocha
The Syrian armed conflict has been ongoing since 2011 and has already caused thousands of deaths. The analysis of death tolls helps to understand the dynamics of the conflict and to better allocate resources and aid to the affected areas. In this article, we use information on the daily number of deaths to study temporal and spatial correlations in the data, and exploit this information to forecast events of deaths. We found that the number of violent deaths per day in Syria varies more widely than that in England in which non-violent deaths dominate...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143264/carbon-emissions-income-relationships-with-structural-breaks-the-case-of-the-middle-eastern-and-north-african-countries
#3
Ghassen El Montasser, Ahdi Noomen Ajmi, Duc Khuong Nguyen
This article revisits the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions-GDP causal relationships in the Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries by employing the Rossi (Economet Theor 21:962-990, 2005) instability-robust causality test. We show evidence of significant causality relationships for all considered countries within the instability context, whereas the standard Granger causality test fails to detect causal links in any direction, except for Egypt, Iran, and Morocco. An important policy implication resulting from this robust analysis is that the income is not affected by the cuts in the CO2 emissions for only two MENA countries, the UAE and Syria...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132642/validity-of-arabic-version-of-the-two-question-quick-inventory-of-depression-qid-2-ar-screening-for-multiple-sclerosis-in-an-arab-environment-and-during-the-syrian-war
#4
A Kubitary, M A Alsaleh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate the Arabic version of the two-question Quick Inventory of Depression (QID-2-Ar) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients living in Syria during the war. METHODS: A total of 100 Syrian MS patients, aged 18-60 years, were recruited at Damascus Hospital and Ibn Al-Nafees Hospital to validate the QID-2-Ar, including analyses of its screening test parameters and its construct validity. RESULTS: The QID-2-Ar screening parameters for depression tested very positively, and its construct validity was also favorable (P<0...
November 10, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126812/infectious-disease-risks-among-refugees-from-north-korea
#5
Hiroshi Nishiura, Hyojung Lee, Baoyin Yuan, Akira Endo, Andrei R Akhmetzhanov, Gerardo Chowell
OBJECTIVES: Disease characteristics of North Korea including severe malnutrition and infectious disease risks have not been openly and widely analyzed. The present study aimed to estimate infectious disease risks among refugees from North Korea. METHODS: To statistically estimate risks of infectious diseases among North Korean, literature review of clinical studies among North Korean defectors was conducted. RESULTS: A total of six groups of data from five publications were identified from 2004 to 2014...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125076/-a-14-year-old-syrian-refugee-with-neurobrucellosis
#6
M S W Quaak, H H J Bavelaar, J Berkhout, G J Tuin, E M Bijker
BACKGROUND: Neurobrucellosis is a rare complication of brucellosis, a bacterial zoonotic disease endemic in regions such as the Middle East. It is important to be alert for this imported disease in the Netherlands as well, especially among migrants. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old boy from Syria presented with headache, vomiting and weight loss. Brucella melitensis was identified in the cerebrospinal fluid. The patient's condition deteriorated despite antibiotic treatment, particularly neurologically, and imaging revealed a newly developed hydrocephalus...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123897/a-review-of-the-history-of-the-origin-of-triage-from-a-disaster-medicine-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Nakao, Isao Ukai, Joji Kotani
We usually associate triage with the Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment method, but much of its origin is still unknown. Therefore, French studies and the origin of triage shown in domestic and foreign published works have been investigated and its significance reaffirmed. The etymology of the word "triage" means "to break into three pieces." It was suggested by a literature review that the rise of Napoleon led to military tactical changes, and that the prototype of triage arose from the experience gained in the difficult campaign in Egypt and Syria...
October 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120295/perspectives-of-displaced-syrian-women-and-service-providers-on-fertility-behaviour-and-available-services-in-west-bekaa-lebanon
#8
Tamar Kabakian-Khasholian, Rima Mourtada, Hyam Bashour, Faysal El Kak, Huda Zurayk
Prior to the conflict, Syria had relatively high fertility rates. In 2010, it had the sixth highest total fertility rate in the Arab World, but it witnessed a fertility decline before the conflict in 2011. Displacement during conflict influences fertility behaviour, and meeting the contraceptive needs of displaced populations is complex. This study explored the perspectives of women and service providers about fertility behaviour of and service provision to Syrian refugee women in Bekaa, Lebanon. We used qualitative methodology to conduct 12 focus group discussions with Syrian refugee women grouped in different age categories and 13 in-depth interviews with care providers from the same region...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120285/women-s-satisfaction-and-perception-of-control-in-childbirth-in-three-arab-countries
#9
Tamar Kabakian-Khasholian, Hyam Bashour, Amina El-Nemer, Mayada Kharouf, Salah Sheikha, Nasser El Lakany, Rafik Barakat, Ohoud Elsheikh, Nadia Nameh, Rabih Chahine, Anayda Portela
Women's satisfaction and perceived control in childbirth are important attributes of the childbirth experience and quality of care indicators. This article presents findings from the pre-intervention phase of a multi-centre implementation study in Egypt, Lebanon and Syria, to introduce a labour companionship model in these countries. A sample of 2620 women giving birth in three public teaching hospitals from November 2014 to July 2015 in Beirut and Mansoura, and from November 2014 to April 2015 in Damascus were interviewed by trained field workers...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119098/re-emerging-vaccine-preventable-diseases-in-war-affected-peoples-of-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-an-update
#10
REVIEW
Rasha Raslan, Skye El Sayegh, Sana Chams, Nour Chams, Angelo Leone, Inaya Hajj Hussein
For the past few decades, the Eastern Mediterranean Region has been one area of the world profoundly shaped by war and political instability. On-going conflict and destruction have left the region struggling with innumerable health concerns that have claimed the lives of many. Wars, and the chaos they leave behind, often provide the optimal conditions for the growth and re-emergence of communicable diseases. In this article, we highlight a few of the major re-emerging vaccine preventable diseases in four countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region that are currently affected by war leading to a migration crisis: Iraq, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119087/a-new-primary-health-care-system-in-the-syrian-opposition-territories-good-effort-but-far-from-being-perfect
#11
Tarek Alsaied, Abdullah Mawas, Fatima Al Sayah, Abdulrazzak Kental, Maher Saqqur
Objectives: The primary health-care system in Syria has suffered a great deal of damage over the past 6 years. A large number of physicians and health-care providers have left the country. The objectives of this study are to describe our experience in establishing a primary health-care system in the opposition territories (OTs) in Syria and report the most common treated diseases. Methods: The administrative databases of ten primary care centers in the OT from January 2014 to December 2015 were reviewed...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095803/update-on-vaccine-derived-polioviruses-worldwide-january-2016-june-2017
#12
Jaume Jorba, Ousmane M Diop, Jane Iber, Elizabeth Henderson, Roland W Sutter, Steven G F Wassilak, Cara C Burns
In 1988, the World Health Assembly launched the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) (1). Among the three wild poliovirus (WPV) serotypes, only type 1 (WPV1) has been detected since 2012. Since 2014, detection of WPV1 has been limited to three countries, with 37 cases in 2016 and 11 cases in 2017 as of September 27. The >99.99% decline worldwide in polio cases since the launch of the GPEI is attributable to the extensive use of the live, attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) in mass vaccination campaigns and comprehensive national routine immunization programs...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057190/a-call-for-emergency-action-telepsychiatry-for-trauma-treatment-among-syrian-refugees
#13
EDITORIAL
Muhammad Aadil, Rosario M Cosme, Fernando E Forcen, Ahmad R Khan
The war in Syria has entered the seventh year, with no sign of resolution. It is often referred as "the greatest human tragedy" since World War 2. Because of limited health facilities, we propose telepsychiatric interventions for the provision of mental healthcare services in Syria and in refugee camps to treat post-trauma patients.
August 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046266/guidelines-and-mhealth-to-improve-quality-of-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-care-for-vulnerable-populations-in-lebanon-longitudinal-cohort-study
#14
Shannon Doocy, Kenneth E Paik, Emily Lyles, Hok Hei Tam, Zeina Fahed, Eric Winkler, Kaisa Kontunen, Abdalla Mkanna, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: Given the protracted nature of the crisis in Syria, the large noncommunicable disease (NCD) caseload of Syrian refugees and host Lebanese, and the high costs of providing NCD care, the implications for Lebanon's health system are vast. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment guidelines and a mobile health (mHealth) app on quality of care and health outcomes in primary care settings in Lebanon. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was implemented from January 2015 to August 2016 to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment guidelines and an mHealth app on quality of care and health outcomes for Syrian and Lebanese patients in Lebanese primary health care (PHC) facilities...
October 18, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022406/our-experience-with-syrian-refugee-patients-at-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-in-gaziantep-turkey
#15
Mehmet Karadag, Cem Gokcen, Funda Dandil, Baran Calisgan
Reporting from Turkey's frontier with the civil war in Syria, we examined the demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses and treatments for the Syrian refugee patients who have presented to Gaziantep University, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic through 2016 and the first half of 2017 retrospectively, having aimed to understand the special characteristics and needs of this novel patient group. Within a year and a half, we evaluated 51 children and adolescents and 25 (51%) had come from refugee camps, where primary healthcare services are available...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016290/variability-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-lesions-is-not-associated-with-genetic-diversity-of-leishmania-tropica-in-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-of-pakistan
#16
Nazma Habib Khan, Martin S Llewellyn, Gabriele Schönian, Colin J Sutherland
Leishmania tropica is the causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Here, intraspecific diversity of L. tropica from northern Pakistan was investigated using multilocus microsatellite typing. Fourteen polymorphic microsatellite markers were typed in 34 recently collected L. tropica isolates from Pakistan along with 158 archival strains of diverse Afro-Eurasian origins. Previously published profiles for 145 strains of L. tropica originating from different regions of Africa, Central Asia, Iran, and Middle East were included for comparison...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976937/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-refugee-trauma-history-checklist-rthc-a-brief-checklist-for-survey-studies
#17
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Henrik Nilsson, Andreas Malm, Petter Tinghög, Maria Gottvall, Marjan Vaez, Fredrik Saboonchi
A high proportion of refugees have been subjected to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs), including torture. PTEs, and torture in particular, are powerful predictors of mental ill health. This paper reports the development and preliminary validation of a brief refugee trauma checklist applicable for survey studies. METHODS: A pool of 232 items was generated based on pre-existing instruments. Conceptualization, item selection and item refinement was conducted based on existing literature and in collaboration with experts...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963630/the-spectrum-of-care-for-pediatric-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-at-a-tertiary-health-care-facility-in-switzerland-in-2015
#18
Christian Pohl, Ines Mack, Torsten Schmitz, Nicole Ritz
The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the epidemiology and spectrum of infections of admitted pediatric refugees and asylum seekers in a tertiary referral hospital in a high-income country in Europe. We identified recent refugees and asylum seekers < 18 years of age admitted to the University Children's Hospital in Basel, Switzerland, in 2015. A retrospective analysis was performed using electronic patient records. We identified 105 admissions in 93 patients with a median age of 5.7 (IQR 2...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942799/treating-refugees-from-syria-and-beyond-a%C3%A2-moral%C3%A2-and-professional-responsibility
#19
EDITORIAL
Balkozar Adam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931387/psychological-distress-among-medical-students-in-conflicts-a-cross-sectional-study-from-syria
#20
Tareq Al Saadi, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Tarek Turk, Fatima Abbas, Mahmoud Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medical education can be a time of great psychological distress for students. The ongoing Syrian conflict represents an additional factor potentially contributing to poor mental health among medical students. Studies revealed high levels of psychological distress among Syrians. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students at Damascus University during this period of war. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) in addition to questions about demographic and financial characteristics, and questions about the effects of the ongoing war on the participants' lives...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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