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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314568/health-workers-and-the-weaponisation-of-health-care-in-syria-a-preliminary-inquiry-for-the-lancet-american-university-of-beirut-commission-on-syria
#1
Fouad M Fouad, Annie Sparrow, Ahmad Tarakji, Mohamad Alameddine, Fadi El-Jardali, Adam P Coutts, Nour El Arnaout, Lama Bou Karroum, Mohammed Jawad, Sophie Roborgh, Aula Abbara, Fadi Alhalabi, Ibrahim AlMasri, Samer Jabbour
The conflict in Syria presents new and unprecedented challenges that undermine the principles and practice of medical neutrality in armed conflict. With direct and repeated targeting of health workers, health facilities, and ambulances, Syria has become the most dangerous place on earth for health-care providers. The weaponisation of health care-a strategy of using people's need for health care as a weapon against them by violently depriving them of it-has translated into hundreds of health workers killed, hundreds more incarcerated or tortured, and hundreds of health facilities deliberately and systematically attacked...
March 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314565/syria-suffers-as-the-world-watches
#2
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301703/best-evidence-aside-why-trump-s-executive-order-makes-america-less-healthy
#3
Lawrence O Gostin
What are the health impacts of President Trump's January 27, 2017, executive order suspending the resettlement of refugees and temporarily banning entry of nationals from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen? Even if the President's constitutional arguments are credible, the order is deeply troubling under international law and humanitarian values. Under the 1967 Refugee Protocol, the United States has assumed a legal obligation to examine the claims of asylum seekers who reach U.S. territory without discrimination based on race, nationality, or religion...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288843/non-invasive-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-by-the-direct-boil-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-method-and-minion%C3%A2-nanopore-sequencing
#4
Kazuo Imai, Norihito Tarumoto, Kiyoko Amo, Makoto Takahashi, Naoya Sakamoto, Atsushi Kosaka, Yasuyuki Kato, Kei Mikita, Jun Sakai, Takashi Murakami, Yutaka Suzuki, Shigefumi Maesaki, Takuya Maeda
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is gaining attention as a public health problem. We present two cases of CL imported from Syria and Venezuela in Japan. We diagnosed them as CL non-invasively by the direct boil loop-mediated isothermal amplification method and an innovative sequencing method using the MinION™ sequencer. This report demonstrates that our procedure could be useful for the diagnosis of CL in both clinical and epidemiological settings.
March 11, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281759/application-of-the-transpiration-method-to-determine-the-vapor-pressure-and-related-physico-chemical-data-of-low-volatile-thermolabile-and-toxic-organo-thio-phosphates
#5
Marc A Althoff, Kathrin Grieger, Martin A C Härtel, Konstantin L Karaghiosoff, Thomas M Klapötke, Manfred Metzulat
The present work represents the most recent study on the physico-chemical properties of the organophosphate compound class being directly related to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). This compound class is of great importance in the ongoing conflict in Syria. Here, the vapor pressure of the deadly organo(thio)phosphate Amiton and seven of its derivatives was investigated. These medium to low volatile analytes pose a potential threat toward human life by inhalation or direct contact with the skin at very low doses...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270420/hospitals-and-medical-staff-are-targeted-in-syria-as-un-report-blames-regime-forces
#6
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266226/why-have-the-majority-of-recent-polio-cases-occurred-in-countries-affected-by-islamist-militancy-a-historical-comparative-analysis-of-the-political-determinants-of-polio-in-nigeria-somalia-pakistan-afghanistan-and-syria
#7
Jonathan Kennedy
This article aims to understand why the last few areas where polio remains are affected by armed conflicts involving militant organizations that use Islam to legitimize their activities. The first section critically analyses the argument that Muslims' animosity towards polio vaccination programmes is a consequence of their irrational, backward, anti-Western theology. This argument is depoliticizing, ahistorical and orientalist. Moreover, it does not explain why Islamist militant groups' attitudes to polio vaccination campaigns vary between countries...
March 7, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253239/in-absentia-describing-the-toll-of-war-on-health-in-syria
#8
EDITORIAL
Vanessa Cramond, Matthew Reid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253229/response-to-a-large-polio-outbreak-in-a-setting-of-conflict-middle-east-2013-2015
#9
Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Michael J Ryan, Philip Smith, Abdirahman Mahamud, Noha Farag, Salah Haithami, Magdi Sharaf, Jaume C Jorba, Derek Ehrhardt
As the world advances toward the eradication of polio, outbreaks of wild poliovirus (WPV) in polio-free regions pose a substantial risk to the timeline for global eradication. Countries and regions experiencing active conflict, chronic insecurity, and large-scale displacement of persons are particularly vulnerable to outbreaks because of the disruption of health care and immunization services (1). A polio outbreak occurred in the Middle East, beginning in Syria in 2013 with subsequent spread to Iraq (2). The outbreak occurred 2 years after the onset of the Syrian civil war, resulted in 38 cases, and was the first time WPV was detected in Syria in approximately a decade (3,4)...
March 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242700/strategic-aspects-of-cyberattack-attribution-and-blame
#10
Benjamin Edwards, Alexander Furnas, Stephanie Forrest, Robert Axelrod
Cyber conflict is now a common and potentially dangerous occurrence. The target typically faces a strategic choice based on its ability to attribute the attack to a specific perpetrator and whether it has a viable punishment at its disposal. We present a game-theoretic model, in which the best strategic choice for the victim depends on the vulnerability of the attacker, the knowledge level of the victim, payoffs for different outcomes, and the beliefs of each player about their opponent. The resulting blame game allows analysis of four policy-relevant questions: the conditions under which peace (i...
February 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229806/-i-can-t-concentrate-a-feasibility-study-with-young-refugees-in-sweden-on-developing-science-driven-interventions-for-intrusive-memories-related-to-trauma
#11
Emily A Holmes, Ata Ghaderi, Ellinor Eriksson, Klara Olofsdotter Lauri, Olivia M Kukacka, Maya Mamish, Ella L James, Renée M Visser
BACKGROUND: The number of refugees is the highest ever worldwide. Many have experienced trauma in home countries or on their escape which has mental health sequelae. Intrusive memories comprise distressing scenes of trauma which spring to mind unbidden. Development of novel scalable psychological interventions is needed urgently. AIMS: We propose that brief cognitive science-driven interventions should be developed which pinpoint a focal symptom alongside a means to monitor it using behavioural techniques...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223866/cross-national-analysis-of-estimated-narcotic-utilization-for-twelve-arabic-speaking-countries-in-the-middle-east
#12
Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: Access to narcotics has been described as suboptimal in the Middle East. The objectives of this study were to characterize estimated narcotic use in twelve Arabic-speaking nations and compare across world regions. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional analysis of estimated average consumption of narcotic drugs in defined daily doses per million inhabitants, as provided by the International Narcotics Control Board Technical Reports (2008-2012)...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219374/the-right-to-health-of-non-nationals-and-displaced-persons-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-era-challenges-for-equity-in-universal-health-care
#13
EDITORIAL
Claire E Brolan, Lisa Forman, Stéphanie Dagron, Rachel Hammonds, Attiya Waris, Lyla Latif, Ana Lorena Ruano
INTRODUCTION: Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), United Nations (UN) Member States reported progress on the targets toward their general citizenry. This focus repeatedly excluded marginalized ethnic and linguistic minorities, including people of refugee backgrounds and other vulnerable non-nationals that resided within a States' borders. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to be truly transformative by being made operational in all countries, and applied to all, nationals and non-nationals alike...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214682/fractal-theory-modeling-for-interpreting-nuclear-and-electrical-well-logging-data-and-establishing-lithological-cross-section-in-basaltic-environment-case-study-from-southern-syria
#14
Jamal Asfahani
Fractal theory modeling technique is newly proposed in this research for interpreting the combination of nuclear well logging, including natural gamma ray, density and neutron-porosity, and the electrical well logging of long and short normal, for establishing the lithological cross section in basaltic environments. The logging data of Kodana well, localized in Southern Syria are used for testing and applying the proposed technique. The established cross section clearly shows the distribution and the identification of four kinds of basalt which are hard massive basalt, hard basalt, pyroclastic basalt and the alteration basalt products, clay...
February 14, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202793/the-new-aptima-hbv-quant-real-time-tma-assay-accurately-quantifies-hepatitis-b-virus-dna-from-genotypes-a-to-f
#15
Stéphane Chevaliez, Claude Dauvillier, Fabienne Dubernet, Jean-Dominique Poveda, Syria Laperche, Christophe Hézode, Jean-Michel Pawlotsky
Sensitive and accurate hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA detection and quantification are essential to diagnose HBV infection, establish the prognosis of HBV-related liver disease, guide the decision to treat and monitor the virological response to antiviral treatment and the emergence of resistance. Currently available HBV DNA platforms and assays are generally designed for batching multiple specimens within an individual run and require at least one full day of work to complete the analyses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the newly developed, fully automated, one-step Aptima HBV Quant assay to accurately detect and quantify HBV DNA in a large series of patients infected with different HBV genotypes...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198315/beware-of-lookalikes
#16
Matt Griffiths
In 2014, health staff who were vaccinating children in rebel-held northern Syria accidentally administered a muscle relaxant, atracurium, to up to 75 children, killing 15 of them. An investigation found that the drug was given to the children instead of a solution used to mix measles vaccines because the packaging was similar.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174364/evaluation-of-periodontal-changes-adjacent-to-extraction-sites-during-upper-canine-retraction
#17
Azzam Al-Jundi, Basem Al Sabbagh, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: There is an intimate relationship between orthodontic therapy and the periodontal changes that occur during tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial aims at investigating the movement of both the free and attached gingiva, as well as the movement of the alveolar bone in the extraction site of the upper 1st premolars during the retraction of the upper canines. In this study, 17 patients (10 female, 7 male) requiring 1st premolar extraction before orthodontic tooth movement were selected and treated at the Department of Orthodontics in the Faculty of Dentistry in University of Hama, Hama, Syria...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162965/socioeconomic-indicators-are-strong-predictors-of-hepatitis-a-seroprevalence-rates-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#18
Mehmet Koroglu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Tayfur Demiray, Ahmet Ozbek, Unal Erkorkmaz, Mustafa Altindis
The goal of this analysis was to examine the association between age-specific hepatitis A virus (HAV) seroprevalence rates and various socioeconomic indicators within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. We conducted a systematic review of all recently published studies on HAV conducted in the MENA region and identified the highest quality studies for inclusion in our analysis. We calculated the age at midpoint of population immunity (AMPI) for each study and estimated seroprevalence rates at the ages of 5, 10, and 15 years...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141720/sexuality-and-intellectual-disability
#19
Jodi Wenger, Alison Downes, Nathan Blum, Marilyn Augustyn
Amad is a wonderful 16-year-old young man from Syria who has recently relocated to the United States from his war-torn native country. In his last few years in Syria, he was primarily at home with his mother, and they sought refuge with a maternal aunt in the United States seeking asylum and treatment of Amad's disability.At 8 years of age, he had intelligence testing in the United Arab Emirates, which showed a verbal intelligence score on the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC) of 68 and a performance of 64...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134115/leishmaniasis-unleashed-in-syria
#20
Talha Burki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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