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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640795/progress-toward-containment-of-poliovirus-type-2-worldwide-2017
#1
Nicoletta Previsani, Harpal Singh, Jeanette St Pierre, Liliane Boualam, Jacqueline Fournier-Caruana, Roland W Sutter, Michel Zaffran
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) continues to make progress toward the eradication target. Only one of the three serotypes, wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 (WPV1), is still circulating, and the numbers of cases and countries with endemic transmission are at record lows. With the certification of wild poliovirus type 2 (WPV2) eradication in 2015 and the global replacement of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) containing Sabin poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 with bivalent OPV containing only Sabin poliovirus types 1 and 3 during April-May 2016, poliovirus type 2 (PV2) is now an eradicated pathogen...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628796/evaluation-of-cd-cr-cu-ni-and-pb-in-selected-cosmetic-products-from-jordanian-sudanese-and-syrian-markets
#2
A M Massadeh, M Y El-Khateeb, S M Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: There is no sufficient data that evaluate heavy metal content in cosmetic products in Jordan as well as Sudan and Syria. This study aims to assess metal levels which include Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), and Lead (Pb) in cosmetic products. These elements have draft limits because they are identified as potential impurities and are known to be toxic. This study aims to provide information to the population that may be beneficial to public health. STUDY DESIGN: Samples were collected from different brands obtained from markets in Jordan, Sudan, and Syria...
June 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621926/mimicking-the-active-sites-of-organophosphorus-hydrolase-on-the-backbone-of-graphene-oxide-to-destroy-nerve-agent-simulants
#3
Xuejuan Ma, Lin Zhang, Mengfan Xia, Shuangqin Li, Xiaohong Zhang, Yaodong Zhang
Recent global military events, such as the conflict in Syria, have emphasized the need to find effective strategies to rapidly destroy organophosphorus-based nerve agents. In this work, we designed active site-engineered graphene oxide (GO) via polymerization (polymer bead-GOs) as organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) mimetic hotspots for the rapid degradation of nerve agents. This hybrid catalyst has a high total turnover frequency value of 0.65 s(-1) and good stability (94.8% activity maintained after 5 cycles)...
June 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615166/ayman-jundi-syria-never-leaves-you
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611139/unrecognised-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-a-refugee-child-an-incidental-diagnosis
#5
Dimitri Poddighe, Tiziana Boggini, Salvatore Savasta, Gian Luigi Marseglia
A 4-year-old boy from Syria was evaluated at the emergency department because of an upper airway viral illness. His physical examination showed a significant intensity reduction of all heart sounds in the absence of any other pathological signs. As the child was affected with Down's syndrome and had suffered thoracic and abdominal trauma because of bombardments, a diaphragmatic hernia was immediately suspected and was confirmed through a simple chest X-ray. A careful clinical examination is crucial in refugee children and adolescents, as several medical and surgical disorders could have escaped previously...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609995/two-new-species-of-i-jungiella-i-diptera-psychodidae-psychodinae-from-the-palaearctic-region
#6
Markéta Omelková, Jan Ježek
Two new species of Jungiella Vaillant, 1972 are described: Jungiella janiki sp. nov. from the Bílé Karpaty PLA (Czech Republic) and J. syriaca sp. nov. from the Province Al Lathiqiyeh (Syria). Differential diagnoses for males are included and morphological characters illustrated. A catalogue of 37 species of Jungiella known so far is presented.
April 10, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602556/attacks-against-health-care-in-syria-2015-16-results-from-a-real-time-reporting-tool
#7
Mohamed Elamein, Hilary Bower, Camilo Valderrama, Daher Zedan, Hazem Rihawi, Khaled Almilaji, Mohammed Abdelhafeez, Nabil Tabbal, Naser Almhawish, Sophie Maes, Alaa AbouZeid
BACKGROUND: Collecting credible data on violence against health services, health workers, and patients in war zones is a massive challenge, but crucial to understanding the extent to which international humanitarian law is being breached. We describe a new system used mainly in areas of Syria with a substantial presence of armed opposition groups since November, 2015, to detect and verify attacks on health-care services and describe their effect. METHODS: All Turkey health cluster organisations with a physical presence in Syria, either through deployed and locally employed staff, were asked to participate in the Monitoring Violence against Health Care (MVH) alert network...
June 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594200/a-mixed-methods-study-of-personality-conceptions-in-the-levant-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank
#8
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
Personality taxonomies are investigated using either etic-style studies that test whether Western-developed models fit in a new culture, or emic-style studies that derive personality dimensions from a local culture, using a psycholexical approach. Recent studies have incorporated strengths from both approaches. We combine the 2 approaches in the first study of personality descriptors in spoken Arabic. In Study 1, we collected 17,283 responses from a sample of adults in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and the West Bank (N = 545)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589030/who-s-reply-to-cholera-in-the-time-of-war-implications-of-weak-surveillance-in-syria-for-the-who-s-preparedness-a-comparison-of-two-monitoring-systems
#9
Ghada Muhjazi, Mamunur Malik, Peter Mala, Pierre Nabeth, Christopher Dye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588972/ethics-in-times-of-conflict-some-reflections-on-syria-in-the-backdrop-of-iraq
#10
Kasturi Sen, Hamid Hussain, Waleed Al-Faisal
Ethical challenges facing research and reporting from conflict-affected zones are well known; among them is the difficulty of finding reliable information; the tendency to take sides and define actors as either good or evil; the precarious security situation of residents and the ever-changing scenarios on the ground. We observed, however, that these challenges go unacknowledged in research and reporting on health state and on the health system from the conflict in Iraq and Syria, with the lines between science and journalistic reporting routinely blurred in the literature...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588951/cholera-in-the-time-of-war-implications-of-weak-surveillance-in-syria-for-the-who-s-preparedness-a-comparison-of-two-monitoring-systems
#11
Annie Sparrow, Khaled Almilaji, Bachir Tajaldin, Nicholas Teodoro, Paul Langton
BACKGROUND: Public health breakdown from the Syrian government's targeting of healthcare systems in politically unsympathetic areas has yielded a resurgence of infectious diseases. Suspected cholera recently reappeared but conflict-related constraints impede laboratory confirmation. Given the government's previous under-reporting of infectious outbreaks and the reliance of the WHO on government reporting, we sought to assess the reliability of current surveillance systems. METHODS: We compared weekly surveillance reports of waterborne diseases from the Syrian government's (WHO-associated) Early Warning and Response System (EWARS), based in Damascus, and the independent, non-governmental Early Warning and Response Network (EWARN) headquartered in Gaziantep, Turkey...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580156/castleman-s-disease-with-tafro-syndrome-a-case-report-from-syria
#12
Sami Alhoulaiby, Basel Ahmad, Ali Alrstom, Mayssoun Kudsi
Castleman's disease is a rare disorder, yet a rarer newly described syndrome called TAFRO syndrome was discovered to accompany it. TAFRO represents the constellation of symptoms (Thrombocytopenia, Anasarca, MyeloFibrosis, Renal failure, Organomegaly). Most cases were described in Japan. We present the first case of TAFRO syndrome in Syria. A 58-year-old Caucasian male with no relevant history presented with fatigue, oliguria, decreased platelets, increased creatinine level, hepatosplenomegaly, ascites, pitting edema and lymph node enlargement...
June 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577083/genome-wide-association-study-for-agronomic-and-physiological-traits-in-spring-wheat-evaluated-in-a-range-of-heat-prone-environments
#13
Francis C Ogbonnaya, Awais Rasheed, Emeka C Okechukwu, Abdulqader Jighly, Farid Makdis, Tadesse Wuletaw, Adel Hagras, Michael I Uguru, Christian U Agbo
We identified 27 stable loci associated with agronomic traits in spring wheat using genome-wide association analysis, some of which confirmed previously reported studies. GWAS peaks identified in regions where no QTL for grain yield per se has been mapped to date, provide new opportunities for gene discovery and creation of new cultivars with desirable alleles for improving yield and yield stability in wheat. We undertook large-scale genetic analysis to determine marker-trait associations (MTAs) underlying agronomic and physiological performance in spring wheat using genome-wide association studies (GWAS)...
June 2, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568646/genetic-diversity-of-syrian-arabian-horses
#14
S Almarzook, M Reissmann, D Arends, G A Brockmann
Although Arabian horses have been bred in strains for centuries and pedigrees have been recorded in studbooks, to date, little is known about the genetic diversity within and between these strains. In this study, we tested if the three main strains of Syrian Arabian horses descend from three founders as suggested by the studbook. We examined 48 horses representing Saglawi (n = 18), Kahlawi (n = 16) and Hamdani (n = 14) strains using the Equine SNP70K BeadChip. For comparison, an additional 24 Arabian horses from the USA and three Przewalski's horses as an out group were added...
May 31, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566168/management-of-post-stroke-depression-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-too-little-is-known
#15
REVIEW
M Ihsan Kaadan, Mary Jo Larson
Stroke is among the most common disabilities among adults and most stroke victims live in developing countries. However, little is known about services delivered in these countries for post-stroke depression, a common comorbidity that influences functional outcomes of stroke. In this paper, a physician from Syria reviews the literature on post-stroke depression among patients living in countries of the Middle East and North Africa region in order to examine whether current practices can be improved. Studies of prevalence were found in six of the region's countries and only four studies described interventions for stroke patients with clinical depression...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551916/-high-velocity-penetrating-head-and-neck-injuries-of-syrian-civil-war-casualties-treated-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#16
Ohad Ronen, Nidal Assadi, Eyal Sela
INTRODUCTION: For two years the State of Israel has been treating casualties from the Syrian civil war. The Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya is the main hospital for this humanitarian mission. Objectives: To evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the casualties that were treated in our department. METHODS: Information from medical records of all Syrian casualties evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center were evaluated. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 450 casualties were evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551912/-bacteria-without-borders-a-high-carriage-rate-of-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-among-syrian-children-hospitalized-in-galilee-medical-center
#17
Diana Faour Kassem, Naama Shahar, Smadar Ocampo, Tarif Bader, Zeev Zonis, Daniel Glikman
INTRODUCTION: As the civil war in Syria enters its fifth year, the Israeli government continues to provide humanitarian aid to Syrian civilians in Israeli hospitals. Many wounded Syrian children are treated at the Galilee Medical Center (GMC). Due to the patients' incomplete medical history and increasing infection rates in Syria, contact isolation and screening cultures for multi-drug resistant bacteria (MDR's) are conducted upon admission for all Syrian children. AIMS: To describe the rate of MDR carriage in Syrian children and compare it to hospitalized Israeli children...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551903/-against-all-odds-promoting-research-clinical-development-and-medical-services-of-the-conflict-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#18
Jacob Bornstein
The Galilee Medical Center (GMC) is unique in several aspects. Firstly, in the clinical aspect: In recent years, led by the Director of Medical Center, Dr. Masad Barhoum, a considerable momentum of development has taken place to reduce health discrepancies between the center and the periphery. Despite the under- financing of the health system in the Galilee, the GMC opened new clinical departments, introduced advanced medical technology and key staff members were added. This approach is depicted in publications presented in the current issue...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550979/status-of-blood-transfusion-in-world-health-organization-eastern-mediterranean-region-who-emr-successes-and-challenges
#19
REVIEW
Arezoo Darbandi, Pargol Mashati, Amir Yami, Arshia Gharehbaghian, Mehdi Tabrizi Namini, Ahmad Gharehbaghian
BACKGROUND: Blood products are used for patient treatment and survival in the cases of major surgery, hematological disorders or cancer therapy. Presently the main blood components are not yet replaceable by artificial products and all activities related to blood transfusion is highly dependent on the healthcare development of each country. The World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (WHO-EMR) comprises of 21 member states with variable socio-economic status effective on blood transfusion activities...
May 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549336/evaluation-of-a-new-random-access-hbv-dna-molecular-assay-the-veris-hbv-assay
#20
Slim Fourati, Dominique Challine, Jean-Dominique Poveda, Syria Laperche, Sandrine Rallier, Jean-Michel Pawlotsky, Stéphane Chevaliez
BACKGROUND: Detection and quantification of HBV DNA are essential to diagnose chronic HBV infection, monitor the virological response to treatment and the possible selection of resistant viruses in order to tailor therapy. The VERIS/MDx System HBV Assay is a random-access system that quantifies HBV DNA in clinical samples using unique single sample and reagent access during the workflow process without the need to reload other tests and delivers results within 1.2h following sampling...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
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