keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syria

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521374/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-ferula-hermonis-boiss-a-review
#1
Zohreh Sattar, Mehrdad Iranshahi
Ferula hermonis, a well-known species of the genus Ferula found in Lebanon and Syria, has a brilliant history in traditional medicine as it has been used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men and menopausal disturbances in women. Thanks to modern pharmacological and clinical investigations, F. hermonis is a valuable medicinal and condimental plant that may be used for the treatment of impotence and diabetes, the prevention of osteoporosis, and possesses anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties...
May 18, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516826/fatalities-from-firearm-related-injuries-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-2010-2013
#2
Maximilian P Nerlander, Eva Leidman, Ahmed Hassan, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Lauren B Browne, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: In Iraq, where Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other groups have contributed to escalating violence in recent years, understanding the epidemiology of intentional firearm-related fatalities is essential for public health action. METHODS: The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH; Baghdad, Iraq) compiles surveillance of fatal injuries in eight of Iraq's 18 governorates (Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya)...
May 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511277/operational-mosquito-and-vector-borne-diseases-surveillance-at-incirlik-air-base-turkey
#3
Will K Reeves, Myrna M Miller, Orhan Bayik, Leah Chapman
Arboviruses on Incirlik Air Base, Turkey, pose a threat to military personnel and civilians, but might also be relevant for understanding the threats in neighboring conflict zones such as Syria. We reviewed 6 years of mosquito and arbovirus surveillance at Incirlik Air Base. Over 6,000 mosquitoes were identified as Aedes caspius, Anopheles claviger, Culex mimeticus, Cx. perexiguus, Cx. pipiens, Cx. sinaiticus, and Culiseta longiareolata. Almost all of the mosquitoes (more than 90%) were Cx. perexiguus or Cx...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509517/impact-of-providing-free-preventive-dental-products-without-health-workers-counselling-on-infants-tooth-brushing-and-bottle-feeding-termination-practices-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
E Joury, M Alghadban, K Elias, R Bedi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of an integrated oral health promotion intervention, within the Syrian national immunisation programme, which provided free preventive dental health products, without health workers' counselling, on one-year-old infants' tooth-brushing and bottle-feeding termination practices. RESEARCH DESIGN: a randomised controlled parallel-group trial. SETTING: A maternal and child health centre in Sweida city, Syria...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509383/arab-levantine-personality-structure-a-psycholexical-study-of-modern-standard-arabic-in-lebanon-syria-jordan-and-the-west-bank
#5
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
OBJECTIVE: The debate of whether personality traits are universal or culture-specific has been informed by psycholexical (or lexical) studies conducted in tens of languages and cultures. We contribute to this debate through a series of studies in which we investigated personality descriptors in Modern Standard Arabic, the variety of Arabic that is presumably common to about 26 countries and native to more than 200 million people. METHOD: We identified an appropriate source of personality descriptors, extracted them, and systematically reduced them to 167 personality traits that are common, are not redundant with each other, and are familiar and commonly understood in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and the West Bank (Palestinian Territories)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508402/risk-factors-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-among-blood-donors-in-cameroon-evidence-for-the-design-of-an-africa-specific-donor-history-questionnaire
#6
Claude T Tagny, Georges Nguefack-Tsague, Diderot Fopa, Celestin Ashu, Estel Tante, Pauline Ngo Balogog, Olivier Donfack, Dora Mbanya, Syria Laperche, Edward Murphy
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa improving the deferral of at-risk blood donors would be a cost-effective approach to reducing transfusion-transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. We performed a pilot case-control study to identify the risk factors for HIV infection and to develop an adapted donor history questionnaire (DHQ) for sub-Saharan Africa. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited 137 HIV-positive donors (cases) and 256 HIV-negative donors (controls) and gathered risk factor data using audio computer-assisted self-interview...
May 15, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487812/high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-a-group-of-syrian-university-male-students-and-its-associations-with-smoking-physical-activity-anthropometric-measurements-and-some-hematologic-inflammation-biomarkers
#7
Wafika Zarzour, Nada Dehneh, Mazen Rajab
In Syria, health risk data on young males are limited. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors along with C-reactive protein levels measured by high-sensitive method (hsCRP) in a group of healthy males of university students (n = 101, 18-25 years old). Participants' anthropometric characteristics; alcohol drinking, smoking, and physical activity habits; parents medical history; and some inflammatory biomarkers were inspected for their associations with hsCRP...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486492/mortality-and-kidnapping-estimates-for-the-yazidi-population-in-the-area-of-mount-sinjar-iraq-in-august-2014-a-retrospective-household-survey
#8
Valeria Cetorelli, Isaac Sasson, Nazar Shabila, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: In August 2014, the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) attacked the Yazidi religious minority living in the area of Mount Sinjar in Nineveh governorate, Iraq. We conducted a retrospective household survey to estimate the number and demographic profile of Yazidis killed and kidnapped. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The survey covered the displaced Yazidi population from Sinjar residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Fieldwork took place between 4 November and 25 December, 2015...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472986/multiple-strategy-peer-taught-evidence-based-medicine-course-in-a-poor-resource-setting
#9
Ammar Sabouni, Yamama Bdaiwi, Saad L Janoudi, Lubaba O Namous, Tarek Turk, Mahmoud Alkhatib, Fatima Abbas, Ruba Zuhri Yafi
BACKGROUND: Teaching Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) is becoming a priority in the healthcare process. For undergraduates, it has been proved that integrating multiple strategies in teaching EBM yields better results than a single, short-duration strategy. However, there is a lack of evidence on applying EBM educational interventions in developing countries. In this study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a multiple strategy peer-taught online course in improving EBM awareness and skills among medical students in two developing countries, Syria and Egypt...
May 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470633/-anxiety-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-refugees-a-systematic-review
#10
Jutta Lindert, Ondine S von Ehrenstein, Annette Wehrwein, Elmar Brähler, Ingo Schäfer
Anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder are the main psychopathological symptoms shown by refugees. We conducted a systematic review. First, we identified key-words for a systematic search in PUBMED. We included original articles since 2009 with 1) a non-clinical sample of refugees, 2) refugees living at maximum 5 years in the host country, 4) with the outcomes anxiety, depression, and PTSD and 5) a sample with >100 participants. Then we read titles, abstracts and fulltexts. We identified 1 877 studies...
May 3, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469988/polio-in-syria-problem-still-not-solved
#11
Ahmad Al-Moujahed, Fares Alahdab, Heba Abolaban, Leo Beletsky
The reappearance of polio in Syria in mid-2013, 18 years after it was eliminated from the country, manifests the public health catastrophe brought on by the civil war. Among the lessons learned, this outbreak emphasizes the importance of increasing the international financial and logistical support for vaccine and immunization efforts, especially in countries suffering from conflicts. The lack of access to polio accredited laboratory or outright lack of laboratories in settings of conflict should be recognized allowing international surveillance to be strengthened by supplementing the laboratory definition with the clinical definition...
April 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468860/evaluation-of-the-sensitivity-and-specificity-performance-of-the-elecsys%C3%A2-htlv-i-ii-assay-in-a-multicenter-study-in-europe-and-japan
#12
Syria Laperche, Silvia Sauleda, Maria Piron, Annelies Mühlbacher, Harald Schennach, Volkmar Schottstedt, Lucinda Queirós, Naoki Uno, Katsunori Yanagihara, Roland Imdahl, Ariann Hey, Markus Klinkicht, Walter Melchior, Peter Muench, Toshiki Watanabe
Screening of blood for human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I and type II (HTLV-I/II) is important to diagnose and prevent infection and ensure the safety of blood supplies. The Elecsys® HTLV-I/II assay is a newly developed, electrochemiluminescence screening assay for the detection of HTLV-I/II infection. The sensitivity and specificity of the Elecsys® HTLV-I/II assay were determined using well-characterized HTLV-I/II-positive serum and plasma samples, and routine diagnostic and blood donor samples expected to be HTLV-negative, respectively...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454029/aerosol-contributions-at-an-urban-background-site-in-eastern-mediterranean-potential-source-regions-of-pahs-in-pm10-mass
#13
Konstantinos Dimitriou, Pavlos Kassomenos
In this paper, two backward air mass trajectory-based models (Potential Source Contribution Function [PSCF] and Concentration Weighted Trajectory [CWT]) were combined, aiming to identify sources and factors defining the load of PM in the city of Limassol (Cyprus). The study also focused on the determination of atmospheric pathways enriching the aerosol phase of four carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs): Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), Benzo(a)anthracene (BaA), Benzo(b)fluoranthene (BbF) and Benzo(k)fluoranthene (BkF), in PM10 mass...
April 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453719/civil-war-contested-sovereignty-and-the-limits-of-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-the-syrian-polio-outbreak-in-2013
#14
Jonathan Kennedy, Domna Michailidou
States and the World Health Organization (WHO), an international organization that is mandated to respect the sovereignty of its member states, are still the leading actors in global health. This paper explores how this discrepancy inhibits the ability of global health partnerships to implement programmes in conflict-affected areas that are under the de facto control of rebel organizations. We concentrate on a single crucial case, the polio outbreak in Syria in 2013, analysing a variety of qualitative data-twenty semi-structured interviews with key actors, official documents, and media reports-in order to investigate the events that preceded and followed this event...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451440/microbiological-screenings-for-infection-control-in-unaccompanied-minor-refugees-the-german-armed-forces-medical-service-s-experience
#15
Winfried Maaßen, Dorothea Wiemer, Claudia Frey, Christina Kreuzberg, Egbert Tannich, Rebecca Hinz, Andreas Wille, Andreas Fritsch, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Hagen Frickmann
BACKGROUND: The German Military Medical Service contributed to the medical screening of unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) coming to Germany in 2014 and 2015. In this study, a broad range of diagnostic procedures was applied to identify microorganisms with clinical or public health significance. Previously, those tests had only been used to screen soldiers returning from tropical deployments. This instance is the first time the approach has been studied in a humanitarian context. METHODS: The offered screenings included blood cell counts, hepatitis B serology and microscopy of the stool to look for protozoa and worm eggs as well as PCR from stool samples targeting pathogenic bacteria, protozoa and helminths...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450584/syria-slums-and-health-security
#16
EDITORIAL
Seth Berkley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448863/multi-sited-hydatid-cystic-disease-with-muscular-involvement-in-a-young-female-a-case-report-from-syria
#17
Hazem Aljasem, Mohammad Almess, Monzer Bakgagi
INTRODUCTION: Hydatidosis is a unique disease caused by a tapeworm called Echinococcus granulosus. Musculoskeletal involvement with hydatid cystic disease accounts for less than 5% of all cases. The main purpose of this study is to present a case of multi-sited hydatid cystic disease and how to manage it. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of 14-year-old girl complained of a gradually enlarging mass on her left shoulder with a final diagnosis of triple-sited hydatid cystic disease including the right lung, the left trapezius muscle and the liver...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432101/polio-and-measles-down-the-drain-environmental-enterovirus-surveillance-in-the-netherlands-2005-2015
#18
Kimberley S M Benschop, Harrie G van der Avoort, Edin Jusic, Harry Vennema, Rob van Binnendijk, Erwin Duizer
Polioviruses (PV) are members of the genus Enterovirus (EV). In the Netherlands, the exclusion of PVcirculation is based on Clinical EV Surveillance (CEVS) of EV positive cases and routine Environmental EV Surveillance (EEVS) conducted on sewage samples collected in the region of the Netherlands where vaccination coverage is low due to religious reason.We compared the EEVS data to those of the CEVS to gain insight in the relevance of EEVS for poliovirus and non-polio enterovirus surveillance. Following the polio outbreak in Syria, EEVS was performed at the Primary Refugee Center Ter Apel in the Netherlands and data were compared to CEVS and EEVS...
April 21, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426308/humanitarian-needs-among-displaced-and-female-headed-households-in-government-controlled-areas-of-syria
#19
Shannon Doocy, Emily Lyles
OBJECTIVES: To identify unmet needs and assistance priorities of displaced and female-headed households in government-controlled areas of Syria. METHODS: In mid-2016, we undertook a survey of accessible areas, largely urban and government-controlled, to identify unmet needs and assistance priorities. We used a cluster design with probability sampling to attain a final sample of 2405 households from 10 of 14 governorates; 31 of 65 (47.7%) districts were included that are home to 38...
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422476/origin-dependent-variations-in-the-atmospheric-microbiome-community-in-eastern-mediterranean-dust-storms
#20
Daniella Gat, Yinon Mazar, Eddie Cytryn, Yinon Rudich
Microorganisms carried by dust storms are transported through the atmosphere and may affect human health and the functionality of microbial communities in various environments. Characterizing the dust-borne microbiome in dust storms of different origins or that followed different trajectories provides valuable data to improve our understanding of global health and environmental impacts. We present a comparative study on the diversity of dust-borne bacterial communities in dust storms from three distinct origins (North Africa, Syria and Saudi Arabia) and compare them with local bacterial communities sampled on clear days, all collected at a single location: Rehovot, Israel...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
keyword
keyword
39580
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"