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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771613/determinants-of-mental-disorders-in-syrian-refugees-in-turkey-versus-internally-displaced-persons-in-syria
#1
Sidika Tekeli-Yesil, Esra Isik, Yesim Unal, Fuad Aljomaa Almossa, Hande Konsuk Unlu, Ahmet Tamer Aker
OBJECTIVES: To compare frequencies of some mental health disorders between Syrian refugees living in Turkey and internally displaced persons in Syria, and to identify factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder. METHODS: We carried out a field survey in May 2017 among 540 internally displaced persons in Syria and refugees in Turkey. RESULTS: The study revealed that mental disorders were highly prevalent in both populations...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769017/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-the-health-needs-of-asylum-seekers-in-a-refugee-clinic-in-germany
#2
Laura F Goodman, Guy W Jensen, Joseph M Galante, Diana L Farmer, Stephanie Taché
BACKGROUND: Over one million asylum seekers were registered in Germany in 2016, most from Syria and Afghanistan. The Refugee Convention guarantees access to healthcare, however delivery mechanisms remain heterogeneous. There is an urgent need for more data describing the health conditions of asylum seekers to guide best practices for healthcare delivery. In this study, we describe the state of health of asylum seekers presenting to a multi-specialty primary care refugee clinic. METHODS: Demographic and medical diagnosis data were extracted from the electronic medical records of patients seen at the ambulatory refugee clinic in Dresden, Germany between 15 September 2015 and 31 December 2016...
May 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763433/injury-and-death-during-the-isis-occupation-of-mosul-and-its-liberation-results-from-a-40-cluster-household-survey
#3
Riyadh Lafta, Maha A Al-Nuaimi, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: Measurement of mortality and injury in conflict situations presents many challenges compared with stable situations. However, providing information is important to assess the impact of conflict on populations and to estimate humanitarian needs, both in the immediate and longer term. Mosul, Iraq's second largest city, was overrun by fighters of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) on June 4, 2014. In this study, we conducted household surveys to measure reported deaths, injuries, and kidnappings in Mosul, Iraq, both during the occupation of the city by fighters of ISIS and the months of Iraqi military action known as the liberation...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760959/molecular-epidemiology-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-isolated-from-libyan-and-syrian-patients-with-war-injuries-in-two-bundeswehr-hospitals-in-germany
#4
Hagen Frickmann, Thomas Köller, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Klaus-Peter Ebert, Martin Müller, Werner Wenzel, Renate Gatzer, Ulrich Schotte, Alfred Binder, Romy Skusa, Philipp Warnke, Andreas Podbielski, Christian Rückert, Bernd Kreikemeyer
Introduction: We assessed the molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant bacteria colonizing or infecting war-injured patients from Libya and Syria who were treated at the Bundeswehr hospitals Hamburg and Westerstede, Germany. Methods: Enterobacteriaceae and Gram-negative rod-shaped nonfermentative bacteria with resistance against third-generation methoxyimino cephalosporins or carbapenems as well as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from war-injured patients from Libya and Syria were assessed by molecular typing, i...
April 2018: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756105/non-operative-management-of-abdominal-gunshot-injuries-is-it-safe-in-all-cases
#5
Nidal İflazoğlu, Orhan Üreyen, Osman Zekai Öner, Ulvi Mehmet Meral, Murat Yülüklü
Objective: In line with advances in diagnostic methods and expectation of a decrease in the number of negative laparotomies, selective non-operative management of abdominal gunshot wounds has been increasingly used over the last three decades. We aim to detect the possibility of treatment without surgery and present our experience in selected cases referred from Syria to a hospital at the Turkish-Syrian border. Material and Methods: Between February 2012 and June 2014, patients admitted with abdominal gunshot wounds were analyzed...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755060/volney-and-the-french-revolution
#6
Minchul Kim
This article examines Volney right before and after 1789. Placed together in their intellectual historical context, his works in this period - Travels in Syria and Egypt (1787), Considerations (1788), and The Ruins (1791) - offer a valuable guide into the workings of the "Enlightenment narrative" of "European" and "Oriental" history at the critical juncture of the age of revolutions. The image of Volney as a progressive stadial historian and optimist revolutionary hereby cedes its place to that of Volney the worried republican indulged in the heroic attempt to find a way to build a free and stable polity...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747625/e-learning-or-educational-leaflet-does-it-make-a-difference-in-oral-health-promotion-a-clustered-randomized-trial
#7
Susan Al Bardaweel, Mayssoon Dashash
BACKGROUND: The early recognition of technology together with great ability to use computers and smart systems have promoted researchers to investigate the possibilities of utilizing technology for improving health care in children. The aim of this study was to compare between the traditional educational leaflets and E-applications in improving oral health knowledge, oral hygiene and gingival health in schoolchildren of Damascus city, Syria. METHODS: A clustered randomized controlled trial at two public primary schools was performed...
May 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744737/homicide-victims-concealed-in-a-freezer
#8
Trine Bottos Olsen, Peter Mygind Leth
Freezing as a method for hiding a body is rare. We report here a homicide case in which three bodies were concealed in a freezer. This presented the pathologist with the problem of how to thaw the bodies and simultaneously avoid decomposition of the uppermost body. The problem was solved by slow thawing in a refrigerated morgue and by removing the bodies one after the other from top to bottom. The victims were a 27-year old mother and her two daughters, 7 and 9 years of age. The perpetrator was the 34-year old now-divorced husband and father...
May 9, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743939/review-of-attacks-on-health-care-facilities-in-six-conflicts-of-the-past-three-decades
#9
REVIEW
Carolyn Briody, Leonard Rubenstein, Les Roberts, Eamon Penney, William Keenan, Jeffrey Horbar
Background: In the ongoing conflicts of Syria and Yemen, there have been widespread reports of attacks on health care facilities and personnel. Tabulated evidence does suggest hospital bombings in Syria and Yemen are far higher than reported in other conflicts but it is unclear if this is a reporting artefact. Objective: This article examines attacks on health care facilities in conflicts in six middle- to high- income countries that have occurred over the past three decades to try and determine if attacks have become more common, and to assess the different methods used to collect data on attacks...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742577/surgical-management-of-the-recent-orbital-war-injury
#10
Safaa Riyadh, Saif Saadedeen Abdulrazaq, Ali Mhana Sabeeh Zirjawi
Maxillofacial trauma affects sensitive and essential functions for the human being such as smell, breathing, talking, and the most importantly the sight. Trauma to the orbit may cause a vision loss especially if this trauma yields a high kinetic energy like that encountered during wars. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of the orbital war trauma, enriching the literature with the experience of the authors in this field. A total of 16 patients were injured, evacuated, and managed, between June 2014 and June 2017, from the fight between the Iraqi army and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in different areas of Iraq...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735907/the-frequency-of-mefv-gene-mutations-and-genotypes-in-sanliurfa-province-south-eastern-region-of-turkey-after-the-syrian-civil-war-by-using-next-generation-sequencing-and-report-of-a-novel-exon-4-mutation-i423t
#11
Evren Gumus
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is a genetic disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of fever and abdominal pain. Mutations in the Mediterranean fever (MEFV) gene are localized on the p arm of chromosome 16. Over 333 MEFV sequence variants have been identified so far in FMF patients, which occur mostly in the 2nd and 10th exons of the gene. METHODS: In this study, 296 unrelated patients with clinical suspicion of FMF, which were admitted during January⁻December 2017, were retrospectively reviewed to identify the frequency of MEFV gene mutations by using next generation sequencing...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734833/changing-pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-chest-injuries-in-urban-syria
#12
Bassam Darwish, Mohammad Z Mahfouz, Saeed Al-Nosairat, Mohammad Bashar Izzat
Background Pediatric chest injuries were infrequent in our practice, but the outbreak of the Syrian crisis resulted in an increase in number and a change in the pattern of thoracic trauma incidents. We compared our experience of pediatric chest injuries before and during the crisis. Methods We reviewed the records of 256 children aged 12.8 ± 5 years who were admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of chest trauma over a 12-year period. Collected data included mechanism of injury, associated injuries, method of management, length of hospital stay, complications, and mortality...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730530/fingerprint-profile-and-efficacy-associated-markers-of-nigella-sativa-oil-for-geographical-origin-determination-using-targeted-and-untargeted-hptlc-multivariate-analysis
#13
Eman Shawky, Nihal M El Newehy, Amira M Beltagy, Mohammad M Abd-Alhaseeb, Gamal A Omran, Fathallah M Harraz
Efficacy directed-fingerprint analysis of high-performance thin layer chromatography is proposed to set up fingerprint activity relationship modeling for precise discrimination of chemical and effective consistency of Nigella sativa oils from different geographical origins. A whole of 27 samples of N. sativa oils from three geographical area (Egypt, Ethiopia and Syria) were collected and their antimicrobial, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities were measured. The results revealed that there was significant difference in the biological activities of the oils collected...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728549/an-evaluation-of-mandibular-dental-and-basal-arch-dimensions-in-class-i-and-class-ii-division-1-adult-syrian-patients-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#14
Layal H Al-Hilal, Kinda Sultan, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Ghiath Mahmoud, Abdulrahman A Wanli
Aim: The aim of this study is (1) to inspect any difference in mandibular arch widths between males and females in class I and class II division 1 (class malocclusions using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), (2) to compare the mandibular dental and basal widths between the two groups, and (3) to investigate any possible correlation between dental and basal arch widths in both groups. Materials and methods: The CBCT images of 68 patients aged between 18 and 25 years consisted of 34 class I (17 males and 17 females) and 34 class (17 males and 17 females) who were recruited at the Department of Orthodontics, University of Damascus Dental School (Syria)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721489/the-brotherhood-medical-center-collaborative-foundation-of-maternity-and-children-s-healthcare-facility-for-displaced-syrians
#15
Rahma Aburas, Amina Najeeb, Laila Baageel, Tim K Mackey
The United Nations has declared the Syrian conflict, with more than 50% of Syria's population currently displaced, as the worst humanitarian crisis of the twenty-first century. The Syrian conflict has led to a collapse of infrastructure, including access to critical and lifesaving healthcare services. Women and children account for approximately 75% of internally displaced Syrians and refugees. This population is also particularly vulnerable to poor health outcomes, a condition worsened by lack of access to maternal and child health services...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713372/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-access-in-southern-syria-analysis-of-survey-data-and-recommendations-for-response
#16
Mustafa Sikder, Umar Daraz, Daniele Lantagne, Roberto Saltori
Background: Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are immediate priorities for human survival and dignity in emergencies. In 2010, > 90% of Syrians had access to improved drinking water. In 2011, armed conflict began and currently 12 million people need WASH services. We analyzed data collected in southern Syria to identify effective WASH response activities for this context. Methods: Cross-sectional household surveys were conducted in 2016 and 2017 in 17 sub-districts of two governorates in opposition controlled southern Syria...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707671/otomycosis-in-damascus-syria-etiology-and-clinical-features
#17
Mohammad T Ismail, Abeer Al-Kafri, Mazen Ismail
Background and Purpose: Otomycosis is a fungal infection that frequently involves the external auditory canal. The epidemiologic data on the etiologic agents of otomycosis in Syria are very limited. In this study, we aimed to determine the fungal agents, gender distribution, and clinical presentation of otomycosis. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and ninety nine patients (153 [51.17%] male and 146 [48.83%] female) clinically prediagnosed as otomycosis were studied at Al-mouassat University Hospital and ENT Crescent Syrian Clinic...
September 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702253/infectious-disease-profiles-of-syrian-and-eritrean-migrants-presenting-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#18
Egon Isenring, Jan Fehr, Nejla Gültekin, Patricia Schlagenhauf
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, a large influx of migrants presented in Europe. Their country of origin was mainly either Syria or Eritrea. Public health institutions in host countries in Europe are challenged to screen and care for migrant populations with regard to infectious diseases. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review (according to PRISMA guidelines) to define the infectious disease profile of migrants originating in Syria and Eritrea. RESULTS: The search resulted in 825 papers of possible relevance for infectious diseases in migrants from Syria, of which, after screening, we included 35 in the systematic review...
April 24, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698771/fasciola-hepatica-eggs-in-paleofaeces-of-the-persian-onager-equus-hemionus-onager-a-donkey-from-chehrabad-archaeological-site-dating-back-to-the-sassanid-empire-224-651-ce-in-ancient-iran
#19
Zeynab Askari, Santiago Mas-Coma, Abigail S Bouwman, Nicole Boenke, Thomas Stöllner, Abolfazl Aali, Mostafa Rezaiian, Gholamreza Mowlavi
Fascioliasis is a highly pathogenic zoonotic disease caused by the liver trematodes Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica. Within the multidisciplinary initiative against this disease, there is the aim of understanding how this disease reached a worldwide distribution, with important veterinary and medical repercussions, by elucidating the spreading steps followed by the two fasciolids from their paleobiogeograhical origins. Fasciola eggs were detected in paleofaeces of a donkey, probably the present-day endangered Persian onager Equus hemionus onager, found in the Chehrabad salt mine archaeological site, Zanjan province, northwestern Iran...
April 23, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689795/taxonomic-review-of-the-subgenus-andrena-poecilandrena-hymenoptera-andrenidae-in-israel-and-the-levant
#20
Gideon Pisanty, Erwin Scheuchl, Netta Dorchin
Andrena (Poecilandrena) Hedicke is a subgenus of small solitary bees, with the greatest diversity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region-an important but understudied biodiversity hotspot for bees. We studied Andrena (Poecilandrena) collected mostly in Israel and the West Bank, and make several additions to the regional fauna. We provide the first comprehensive review of Andrena (Poecilandrena) species currently known from Israel, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, including diagnostic keys to females and males, descriptions of new species and unknown sexes, and detailed information for each taxon regarding distribution, phenology and flower visitation...
January 18, 2018: Zootaxa
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