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Adolescent athletes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453890/the-co-developmental-dynamic-of-sport-and-school-burnout-among-student-athletes-the-role-of-achievement-goals
#1
Matilda Sorkkila, Kaisa Aunola, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Asko Tolvanen, Tatiana V Ryba
Student-athletes who strive for success in high level sports while pursuing upper secondary education may be prone to sport and school burnout. The present study examined the co-developmental dynamic of sport and school burnout in Finnish adolescent student-athletes (N time 1 = 391; N time 2 = 373) across the first year of upper secondary school by using cross-lagged structural equation modeling (SEM). Furthermore, we used sport and school-related achievement goals as predictors of sport and school burnout, namely, sport and school-related exhaustion, cynicism, and feelings of inadequacy...
February 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450207/fixation-of-traumatic-chondral-only-fragments-of-the-knee-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-a-retrospective-multicenter-report
#2
Peter D Fabricant, Yi-Meng Yen, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli, J Todd R Lawrence, Theodore J Ganley, Benton E Heyworth
Background: While traditional biological principles have suggested that fragments consisting of cartilage alone cannot be reaffixed to bone with expectable long-term healing, case reports of successful healing after fixation in younger patients indicate that this concept remains incompletely explored. Purpose: To evaluate the presenting features, techniques, healing rates, and clinical and radiological results in a cohort of pediatric and adolescent athletes who underwent fixation of traumatic chondral-only fragments in the knee...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449767/novel-treatment-of-lateral-ankle-sprains-using-the-mulligan-concept-an-exploratory-case-series-analysis
#3
Robinetta Hudson, Russell T Baker, James May, Don Reordan, Alan Nasypany
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the Mulligan Concept (MC) Mobilization with movement (MWM) in the treatment of clinically diagnosed acute lateral ankle sprains in competitive athletes. Methods: A prospective case series of 5 adolescent patients, ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (mean = 15.8 ± 1.64), that suffered an acute lateral ankle sprain (LAS). Patients were treated with the MC lateral ankle MWM. Mobilization was directed at the distal fibula or, using a modified MWM, 2-3 inches proximal to the distal fibula...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442213/elbow-injuries-in-the-adolescent-thrower
#4
REVIEW
Timothy B Griffith, James Kercher, S Clifton Willimon, Crystal Perkins, Xavier A Duralde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an increasing rate of adolescent elbow injuries, especially in throwing athletes, the purpose of this review is to investigate the current literature regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and non-operative and operative outcomes of medial epicondyle fractures, ulnar collateral ligament repair, osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow, and olecranon stress fractures. RECENT FINDINGS: Acceptable outcomes with both non-operative and operative treatments of medial epicondyle fractures have been reported, with surgical indications continuing to evolve...
February 14, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438628/rotator-cuff-repair-in-adolescent-athletes
#5
Michael G Azzam, Jeffrey R Dugas, James R Andrews, Samuel R Goldstein, Benton A Emblom, E Lyle Cain
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are rare injuries in adolescents but cause significant morbidity if unrecognized. Previous literature on rotator cuff repairs in adolescents is limited to small case series, with few data to guide treatment. HYPOTHESIS: Adolescent patients would have excellent functional outcome scores and return to the same level of sports participation after rotator cuff repair but would have some difficulty with returning to overhead sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence 4...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431592/in-season-changes-in-ventricular-morphology-and-systolic-function-in-adolescent-female-athletes
#6
Andrew M Watson, Carol Coutinho, Kristin Haraldsdottir, Stacey Brickson, Warren Dunn, Marlowe Eldridge
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of physical maturity on the changes in ventricular morphology and function with sport training in female youth athletes. METHODS: Thirty-two female athletes (age 13-18 years) underwent height and weight measurement and 2-D echocardiographic evaluation immediately prior to, and following, a 20-week soccer season. Pre- and post-season left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), ejection fraction (LVEF), stroke volume (LVSV), mass (LVM), and posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), right ventricular end-diastolic diameter (RVEDD), end-diastolic area (RVEDA), and fractional area change (RVFAC), and interventricular septal thickness (IVST) were compared...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424276/growth-maturation-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#7
Jaak Jürimäe
For "The Year That Was 2017," I have selected 3 papers in the area of growth, maturation, and exercise during youth. The first paper has been chosen because it provides for the first time the relative age, maturation, and anthropometric biases on position allocation in elite youth soccer players participating in talent identification programs in professional soccer league. Specific anthropometrical attributes characterized playing positions with a bias toward these athletes who are comparatively tall and heavy for their age already in younger ages, whereas position-specific physical attributes do not become apparent until the later stages of talent development...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424264/youth-resistance-training-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-the-year-that-was-2017
#8
Avery D Faigenbaum
The good news is that a growing body of evidence recognizes resistance training as foundational to long-term physical development. Original research and reviews published in 2017 conclude that early exposure to developmentally appropriate resistance training can improve markers of health, increase muscular fitness, enhance physical literacy, and reduce the risk of injury in young athletes. Although the papers discussed in the commentary add to our understanding of the pleiotropic benefits of youth resistance training, they also raise concerns...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424262/cardiovascular-physiology-and-disease-in-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#9
Thomas Rowland
The value of exercise studies in children often resides in defining differences, which might make growing youngsters unique from their mature adult counterparts. Many such physiological and behavioral developmental differences have been identified, emphasizing that children are not, physiologically speaking, simply small adults. The following 2 studies published in the past year were chosen for their importance in contributing to the insights into previously unexplored areas. The first study addresses the influence of exercise on physiological variability, an emerging field that offers to provide important insights into the nature of such responses...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423771/inherited-cardiomyopathies-and-sports-participation
#10
REVIEW
A Zorzi, A Pelliccia, D Corrado
Competitive sports activity is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiovascular death in adolescents and young adults with inherited cardiomyopathies. Many young subjects aspire to continue competitive sport after a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy and the clinician is frequently confronted with the problem of eligibility and the request of designing specific exercise programs. Since inherited cardiomyopathies are the leading cause of sudden cardiovascular death during sports performance, a conservative approach implying disqualification of affected athletes from most competitive athletic disciplines is recommended by all the available international guidelines...
February 8, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420685/gender-differences-in-symptom-reporting-on-baseline-sport-concussion-testing-across-the-youth-age-span
#11
Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Lauren Olek, Philip Schatz
Background: Little is known regarding gender differences in concussion symptom reporting developmentally across the age span, specifically in pre-adolescent athletes. The present study asks: Do boys and girls differ in symptom reporting across the pre-adolescent to post-adolescent age span? Method: This retrospective study utilized baseline assessments from 11,695 10-22 year-old athletes assigned to 3 independent groups: Pre-adolescent 10-12 year olds (n = 1,367; 12%), Adolescent 13-17 year olds (n = 2,974; 25%), and Late Adolescent 18-22 year olds (n = 7,354; 63%)...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420313/preliminary-use-of-the-paness-for-detecting-subtle-motor-signs-in-adolescents-with-sport-related-concussion-a-brief-report
#12
Jaclyn A Stephens, Martha B Denckla, Teri McCambridge, Beth S Slomine, E Mark Mahone, Stacy J Suskauer
Sensitive examination tools are needed to optimize evaluation after sport-related concussion (SRC). We preliminarily examined the Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs (PANESS) for sensitivity to motor changes in a pilot cohort of adolescents aged 13-17 with SRC. 15 Adolescents (5 females) with SRC were evaluated up to 3 times: within 2 weeks of injury, approximately 1 month later (mean 35 days between visits), and for those not recovered at the second visit, again following clinical recovery (mean 70 days between first and last visits for all participants)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420135/impaired-sleep-mediates-the-negative-effects-of-training-load-on-subjective-well-being-in-female-youth-athletes
#13
Andrew Watson, Stacey Brickson
BACKGROUND: Although increased training load (TL) and impaired sleep are associated with decreases in subjective well-being in adult athletes, these relationships among female youth athletes are unclear. It is unknown whether the effects of sleep and TL on well-being are independent or whether alterations in sleep mediate the effects of TL on subjective well-being. HYPOTHESIS: Sleep and TL exert independent effects on subjective well-being among youth athletes, although alterations in sleep mediate a significant portion of the effect of TL on well-being in female youth athletes...
February 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413742/current-evidence-regarding-the-diagnostic-methods-for-pediatric-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-report-from-the-scoliosis-research-society-evidence-based-medicine-committee
#14
Han Jo Kim, Charles H Crawford, Charles Ledonio, Shay Bess, A Noelle Larson, Marilyn Gates, Matthew Oetgen, James O Sanders, Douglas Burton
STUDY DESIGN: Structured literature review. OBJECTIVES: The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) requested an assessment of the current state of peer-reviewed evidence regarding pediatric lumbar spondylolisthesis with the goal of identifying what is known and what gaps remain in further understanding the diagnostic methods for pediatric spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spondylolisthesis in the lumbar spine is common among children and adolescents and no formal synthesis of the published literature regarding diagnostic methods has been previously performed...
March 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413107/bioimpedance-parameters-in-adolescent-athletes-in-relation-to-bone-maturity-and-biochemical-zinc-indices
#15
Josely Correa Koury, Astrogildo Vianna de Oliveira-Junior, Mariana Ribeiro Costa Portugal, Karla de Jesus Fernandes de Oliveira, Carmen Marino Donangelo
Phase angle (PA) is derived from resistance and reactance determined by bioimpedance analysis (BIA) and it appears to relate to cellular stability and integrity. Interpretation of PA values could be complemented by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA), which relates to body hydration and structure. Body composition, age, sex, and nutrients are known to stabilize cell membranes, such as zinc, have been related to PA although information is scarce in adolescent athletes. The aim of the present study was to assess the association of body composition, skeletal maturity and zinc biochemical indices with phase angle and bioelectrical impedance parameters, in forty male adolescent soccer athletes (13...
March 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412695/high-injury-burden-in-elite-adolescent-athletes-a-52-week-prospective-study
#16
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Friden, Anders Kottorp
CONTEXT:   Our understanding of the injury burden in elite adolescent athletes in most sports is limited or unknown because of the lack of prospective, long-term injury studies. OBJECTIVE:   To describe injury patterns in terms of type, location, prevalence and incidence, recurrence, and severity grade; time to first injury; and prevalence of illness in elite adolescent athletes and to compare differences in injury data by sex and sport type. DESIGN:   Cohort study...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409340/exercise-addiction-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-validation-of-a-youth-version-of-the-exercise-addiction-inventory
#17
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406452/corr-insights%C3%A2-do-injured-adolescent-athletes-and-their-parents-agree-on-the-athletes-level-of-psychologic-and-physical-functioning
#18
Peter D Fabricant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401105/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-a-young-healthy-baseball-catcher-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Kimberly K Abood, Megan Rose Paul, Dennis John Kuo
Venous thromboembolism is becoming increasingly recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the hospitalized pediatric population. However, young healthy athletes can present with unique risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that can be overlooked. Here we report a case of an adolescent male with no inherited risk factors or prior history of DVTs who developed a right femoral vein DVT in the context of playing catcher in baseball after recovering from a bout of streptococcal pharyngitis...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392111/stress-fracture-of-the-second-proximal-phalanx-of-the-foot-in-teenage-athletes-unrecognized-location-of-stress-fracture
#20
Satoshi Yamaguchi, Shuji Taketomi, Yusei Funakoshi, Kan Tsuchiya, Ryuichiro Akagi, Seiji Kimura, Aya Sadamasu, Seiji Ohtori
Background: Adolescent athletes are a high-risk population for stress fractures. We report four cases of stress fractures of the second proximal phalanx, which had not been previously diagnosed as the location of the stress fracture of the foot, in teenage athletes. Case report: All fractures were on the plantar side of the proximal phalangeal base, and the oblique images of the plain radiograph clearly depicted the fractures. Notably, three out of the four patients had histories of stress fracture of other locations...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
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