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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548820/preparation-of-microcapsules-containing-benzoyl-peroxide-initiator-with-gelatin-gum-arabic-polyurea-formaldehyde-shell-and-evaluating-their-storage-stability
#1
Maryam Raeesi, S Mojtaba Mirabedini, Ramin R Farnood
This work involves the optimized preparation and characterization of microcapsules which contain benzoyl peroxide (BPO) dispersed in dibutyl phthalate (DBP) with gelatin-gum arabic (Gel-GA)/Polyurea-formaldehyde (PUF) shell. The microcapsules were prepared in two steps using complex coacervation and in situ polymerization techniques, respectively, at various mixing speeds and different core:shell ratios. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used for characterization of prepared microcapsules...
May 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547648/clinical-and-phenotypic-differences-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-among-arab-and-jewish-children-in-israel
#2
Firas Rinawi, Amit Assa, Husam Bashir, Sarit Peleg, Raanan Shamir
BACKGROUND: Data on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) phenotypes among the Arab population in Israel or in the neighboring Arab countries is scarce. AIM: We aimed to assess differences in disease phenotype among Arab and Jewish children living in Israel. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric IBD cases, which were diagnosed at the Schneider Children's Medical Center and Ha'Emek Medical Center in Israel between 2000 and 2014...
May 25, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546977/how-much-elderly-people-of-isfahan-are-adherent-to-their-drug-therapy-regimens
#3
Parvaneh Abazari, Tayebe Arab Jafari, Ali Mohammad Sabzghabaee
BACKGROUND: The need for a correct follow-up for medical advices of health givers is the cornerstone for avoiding drug-related complications in especial period of elderly people life. There isn't any data about drug therapy regimens adherence of elderly people of Isfahan. In this study, we aimed to cover this deficit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study which was carried out in Isfahan (Iran) in 2013 senior citizens (aged 65 or more) who were taking at least one medication and had no record of residency in nursing homes were included...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543634/thaumatin-and-gum-arabic-allergy-in-chewing-gum-factory-workers
#4
Mattias P Tschannen, Ulrich Glück, Andreas J Bircher, Ingmar Heijnen, Claudia Pletscher
Thaumatin is a sweetener and flavor modifier commonly used in the food industry. Likewise, gum arabic is widely used as a food stabilizer and thickening agent. We report here that a powder mixture composed of 10% thaumatin and 90% gum arabic led to allergic symptoms in the upper airways in occupationally exposed individuals: four of eight workers of a chewing gum factory exposed to this powder mixture had pronounced rhinitis. A positive skin prick test result for pure thaumatin was obtained in all four individuals with rhinitis of whom two also had a positive skin prick test result for pure gum arabic and gum arabic-specific IgE...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543408/validation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-nasal-obstruction-symptom-evaluation-scale
#5
Mohamed A Amer, Ibrahim A Kabbash, Ahmed A Yonis, Saad Elzayat, Mohamed O Tomoum
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Validation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale into the Arabic language with studying of its psychometric properties. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective instrument-validation study. METHODS: Guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation process from the original English language scale into the Arabic language version were followed. We assessed the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the NOSE scale (A-NOSE) (feasibility, reproducibility, internal consistency, reliability, discriminatory validity, responsiveness to change) in 101 consecutive patients who underwent septal surgery (preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively) and 102 asymptomatic controls...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543049/the-correlates-of-stigma-toward-mental-illness-among-jordanian-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Ahmad Rayan, Maryam Husnee Mahroum, Aws Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rates of patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Jordan, there is little knowledge available about the factors associated with the quality of life (QOL) among this population in particular. AIMS: This study aims to assess the level of QOL among Jordanian patients with MDD and to examine the possible correlates of QOL in this population. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used...
May 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541759/the-psychometric-properties-of-an-arabic-version-of-the-pedsql-multidimensional-fatigue-scale-tested-for-children-with-cancer
#7
Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Tony Long
Fatigue is considered to be one of the most reported symptoms experienced by children with cancer. A major aim of this study was to develop an Arabic version of the Pediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (child report) and to test its psychometric proprieties for the assessment of fatigue in Arabic children with cancer. The PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (Arabic version) and the PedsQL TM 4.0 Generic Core scale (existing Arabic version) were completed by 70 Jordanian children with cancer...
May 25, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540895/pattern-of-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-adult-population-in-dubai-a-single-center-experience
#8
Amna K Alhadari, Fakhriya J Alalawi, Ayman Aly Seddik, Kaneez Zahra, Dileep Kumar, Hussain Yousif, Hind Alnour, Michael Jansen, Mohammad J Railey
Epidemiological data of renal diseases have great geographic variability throughout the world. Due to the lack of a national renal data registry system, there is no information on the prevalence rate, clinical and pathological features of various glomerulonephritis (GN) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In a retrospective cross-sectional study, we analyzed 158 renal biopsies done in Dubai Hospital, UAE, between the years of 2005 and September 2014, with an aim to determine the prevalence rate and frequency of different pathological patterns of GN in adult patients who presented with proteinuria ± hematuria...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540259/conceptual-models-of-social-determinants-of-health-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Sayyed Morteza Hosseini Shokouh, Mohammad Arab, Sara Emamgholipour, Arash Rashidian, Ali Montazeri, Rouhollah Zaboli
BACKGROUND: There are several conflicting conceptual models to explain social determinants of health (SDH) as responsible for most health inequalities. This study aimed to present these models in historical perspective and provide main component of SDH models as an SES indicators. METHODS: This was a narrative study using international databases to retrieve literature dealing with conceptual models of SDH. All publication in English language until Mar 2015 was included...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537782/a-field-study-on-the-anthelmintic-resistance-of-parascaris-spp-in-arab-foals-in-riyadh-region-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdullah D Alanazi, Rami M Mukbel, Mohamed S Alyousif, Zafer S Al Shehri, Ibrahim O Alanazi, Hamdan I Al-Mohammed
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Parascaris spp. resistance to anthelmintics has been recorded in many countries. In Saudi Arabia, there are limited data available on Parascaris spp. resistance to anthelmintics. OBJECTIVE: To determine the current status of ivermectin, abamectin and praziquantel combined, and fenbendazole resistance to Parascaris spp. in horses in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Three hundred and forty one foals from eleven different farms were examined by faecal egg count (FEC)...
May 24, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536732/pemphigus-vulgaris-and-pemphigus-foliaceus-differences-in-epidemiology-and-mortality
#11
Khalaf Kridin, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Reuven Bergman
Little is known about differences in epidemiological features and prognosis between pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF). The objective of this study was to compare PV and PF patients regarding ethnic variations and mortality rates. Mortality of PV and PF patients was compared with age- and gender-matched control subjects in the general population. The study cohort comprised 207 patients with PV and 30 with PF diagnosed during the period 2000 to 2015. The incidence rate of PV among Jews was 3...
May 24, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534745/arab-youth-respond-to-the-lancet-commission-on-adolescent-health-and-wellbeing
#12
Hala Alaouie, Ahmed Ali, Rima Afifi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532864/association-between-composites-of-selected-motion-palpation-and-pain-provocation-tests-for-sacroiliac-joint-disorders
#13
Manijeh Soleimanifar, Noureddin Karimi, Amir Massoud Arab
BACKGROUND: The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) has been implicated as a potential source of low back and buttock pain. Several types of motion palpation and pain provocation tests are used to evaluate SIJ dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between motion palpation and pain provocation tests in assessment of SIJ problems. DESIGN: This study is Descriptive Correlation. METHODS: 50 patients between the ages of 20 and 65 participated...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532533/glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-values-of-commonly-consumed-foods-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#14
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, C Jeyakumar K Henry, Maysm N Mohamad, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Amjad H Jarrar
Glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values of some commonly consumed foods in the United Arab Emirates were determined with an aim of adding these values to the existing international table of GI and GL values. In all, eighteen test foods categorised into breads (n 5), entrée dishes (n 3), main dishes (n 5) and sweet dishes (n 5) were tested. For each test food, at least fifteen healthy participants consumed 25 or 50 g available carbohydrate portions of a reference food (glucose), which was tested three times, and a test food after an overnight fast, was tested once, on separate occasions...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531662/microencapsulation-of-gulosibacter-molinativorax-on4-t-cells-by-a-spray-drying-process-using-different-biopolymers
#15
Berta N Estevinho, A Rita Lopes, Vera Sousa, Fernando Rocha, Olga C Nunes
Molinate is a thiocarbamate herbicide used in rice crop protection. As other pesticides, molinate is a recognized environmental pollutant and bio-accumulated by some wildlife forms. Gulosibacter molinativorax ON4(T) is able to hydrolyse molinate into metabolites which are further degraded by other un-related bacteria. Hence, it can be used in molinate bioremediation processes. The aim of this work was to investigate the possibility of producing G. molinativorax ON4(T) microparticles, using different non-toxic biopolymers (arabic gum, modified chitosan, calcium alginate and sodium alginate) as encapsulating agents by a spray-drying process...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531566/the-high-molecular-weight-multimer-form-of-adiponectin-is-a-useful-marker-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-bahraini-arab-women
#16
Amina M Al-Awadi, Sameh Sarray, Mona R Arekat, Layal R Saleh, Naeema Mahmood, Wassim Y Almawi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We tested if decreased total and high molecular weight (HMW)-adiponectin, and altered HMW/total adiponectin ratio (HMWR) constitute reliable markers of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) among Bahraini Arab women. METHODS: Case-control study involving 122 Bahraini Arab women with PCOS and 89 ethnically-matched control women. PCOS was evaluated according to 2003 Rotterdam criteria. Total and HMW-adiponectin were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: Compared to controls, women with PCOS had significantly reduced plasma HMW-adiponectin, and HMWR, more so than total adiponectin...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530082/-cervical-cancer-in-israel-2016-facts-insights-and-thoughts-for-the-future
#17
REVIEW
Menahem Fisher, Eduardo Schejter, Ido Solt, Gad Renart
The natural history of precancerous lesions and cervical cancer in Israeli women differs from that reported in the world. In 2011, 244 women were diagnosed in Israel with invasive cervical cancer, with the mortality of 79 women. The incidence of cervical cancer in Israel is about 5 new cases per year per 100,000 women (5.4 Jewish, 3.2 Arab). This figure is very low compared with statistics presented in other countries and has not changed over the last decades. The vast majority of Israeli women were diagnosed due to symptoms and not following Pap smear screening...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528138/torque-ripple-reduction-of-brushless-dc-motor-based-on-adaptive-input-output-feedback-linearization
#18
M Shirvani Boroujeni, G R Arab Markadeh, J Soltani
Torque ripple reduction of Brushless DC Motors (BLDCs) is an interesting subject in variable speed AC drives. In this paper at first, a mathematical expression for torque ripple harmonics is obtained. Then for a non-ideal BLDC motor with known harmonic contents of back-EMF, calculation of desired reference current amplitudes, which are required to eliminate some selected harmonics of torque ripple, are reviewed. In order to inject the reference harmonic currents to the motor windings, an Adaptive Input-Output Feedback Linearization (AIOFBL) control is proposed, which generates the reference voltages for three phases voltage source inverter in stationary reference frame...
May 17, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523055/antibiotics-and-over-the-counter-medication-use-and-its-correlates-among-arab-pregnant-women-visiting-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Hafsa Raheel, Sulaiman Alsakran, Abdulkhaliq Alghamdi, Majed Ajarem, Salman Alsulami, Afzal Mahmood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The use of over the counter medications (OTCMs) is a common practice globally. OTCMs are of special concern among pregnant women as they pose risk to the mother and fetus. The objective was to assess the use of OTCMs by pregnant woman, and factors associated with it. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, using a structured self-administrated questionnaire was conducted at the obstetric and antenatal clinics at King Khalid University hospital, Riyadh...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520624/cardiac-rehabilitation-outcomes-by-ethnocultural-background-results-from-the-canadian-cardiac-rehab-registry
#20
Briar Findlay, Paul Oh, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Patients of diverse ethnocultural backgrounds are underrepresented among participants and, hence, little is known about their outcomes. The objectives of this study were to compare cardiac rehabilitation (CR) utilization, cardiovascular risk factor reduction (blood pressure, lipids, anthropometrics), and functional capacity between white and ethnocultural minority patients participating in CR across Canada. METHODS: The study was a retrospective, observational cohort study using the Canadian Cardiac Rehab Registry (CCRR)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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