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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350750/the-hepatoprotective-effect-of-selenium-enriched-yeast-and-gum-arabic-combination-on-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-chronic-liver-injury-in-rats
#1
Mohammed Hamid, Yassin Abdulrahim, Dandan Liu, Gang Qian, Alamzeb Khan, Kehe Huang
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of selenium-enriched yeast (SY) and Gum Arabic (GA) have been reported. This study aimed to determine the hepatoprotective effect of SY and GA combination on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced chronic liver injury in rats and to explore their synergistic mechanisms of action. Forty adult male Wistar rats randomly allotted to 5 groups: (A) worked as control, (B) was administered CCl4 , (C-E) were fed daily by GA, SY, and GA+SY respectively after mixing with basal diet, following CCl4 -intoxication...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349499/spatial-coverage-of-mangrove-communities-in-the-arabian-gulf
#2
Hanan Almahasheer
Mangroves are the natural protectors of the coast, carbon sinks, and a nursery to many terrestrial as well as aquatic organisms. Different effects caused by natural forces together with anthropogenic factors have reduced mangrove cover on a global scale, yet little is known about the overall surface covered by mangroves in the Arabian Gulf. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine their spatial coverage and distribution along the Gulf coastlines, using 25 satellite imagery recently acquired from Landsat 8 data for the year 2017...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349463/stability-and-digestibility-of-one-or-bi-layered-medium-chain-triglyceride-emulsions-with-gum-arabic-and-whey-protein-isolates-by-pancreatic-lipase-in-vitro
#3
Xiaolin Yao, Yu Chen, Meng Shu, Kun Zhang, Zhiming Gao, Ying Kuang, Yapeng Fang, Katsuyoshi Nishinari, Glyn O Phillips, Fatang Jiang
Interfacial engineering approaches have been used to design functional foods so as to control lipase-induced digestion of emulsified lipids and release of bioactive lipophilic components in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, emulsion droplets with the interface stabilized with gum Arabic (GA) and whey protein isolate (WPI) were prepared by mixing or sequential adsorption. WPI/GA intramolecular soluble complexes (ISCs) have superior emulsifying properties in stabilizing oil-in-water emulsions. The impact of the interfaces for WPI/GA ISC-layered (one-layered) and double-layered emulsions formed by sequential deposition of WPI or GA on the lipolysis of emulsions was investigated using an in vitro simulated gastrointestinal model...
January 19, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345267/ambient-storage-of-microencapsulated-lactobacillus-plantarum-st-iii-by-complex-coacervation-of-type-a-gelatin-and-gum-arabic
#4
Meng Zhao, Ying Wang, Xue Huang, Michael Gaenzle, Zhengjun Wu, Katsuyoshi Nishinari, Nan Yang, Yapeng Fang
Ambient storage of dry powdered probiotics is necessary for manufacturer's cost reduction and customer's convenience. Complex coacervation is a promising microencapsulation technique. In this work, a probiotic matrix of type-A gelatin/gum arabic/sucrose (GE/GA/S) with high coacervation pH was designed, based on the alkaline isoelectric point of type-A gelatin. Bacterial survival during ambient storage at room temperature and certain relative humidity were detected. To clarify the protection factors of the coacervation matrix of GE/GA/S, dry microcapsules of GA, GE, GE/sucrose and GE/GA were prepared as controls and compared in terms of their morphology, moisture content, dynamic vapor absorption and cell viability...
January 18, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344838/association-between-human-brucellosis-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#5
Nesrin Ghanem-Zoubi, Silvia Pessah Eljay, Emilia Anis, Mical Paul
To investigate the association between the incidence of human brucellosis (HB) and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs), a population-based, cross-sectional aggregate data study was conducted in Israel between 2010 and 2014. HB-endemic localities were matched by ethnicity, population size and socioeconomic status to localities with a low incidence of HB. We compared APO rates in high-incidence vs low-incidence localities. The primary outcome was intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD). Secondary outcomes were premature birth (less than 37 weeks), early or threatened labour and poor fetal growth...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344529/internationalization-of-medical-education-in-iran-a-way-towards-implementation-of-the-plans-of-development-and-innovation-in-medical-education
#6
Ehsan Shamsi Gooshki, Ata Pourabbasi, Hamid Akbari, Nima Rezaei, Ali Arab Kheradmand, Zahra Kheiry, Niloufar Peykari, Fatereh Momeni Javid, Firouzeh Hajipour, Bagher Larijani
Introduction: Academic institutions are the most important organizations for implementation of internationalization policies and practices for integrating an international, intercultural and global dimension in higher education system. Also, a globally increasing demand for higher education has been seen in the past two decades so that the number of students enrolled in higher education institutions in the worldwide nation-states has increased dramatically. The National Plan of International Development of Medical Education was designed with the aim of identifying available potentials in all the universities of medical sciences, encouraging the development of international standards of medical education, and planning for the utilization of the existing capacity in Islamic republic of Iran...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343291/trends-in-the-performance-of-quality-indicators-for-diabetes-care-in-the-community-and-in-diabetes-related-health-status-an-israeli-ecological-study
#7
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Michal Cohen-Dadi, Dana Opas, Dena H Jaffe, Jacob Levine, Arie Ben-Yehuda, Ora Paltiel, Orly Manor
BACKGROUND: Israel is one of the few countries that have a national program for quality assessment of community healthcare. We aimed to evaluate whether improved performance in diabetes care was associated with improved health of diabetic patients on a national level. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide ecological study estimating improvements in diabetes-related quality indicators and health outcomes. We estimated both correlations between composite measures of diabetes-related quality indicators and selected outcomes, and assessed through a joinpoint analysis whether trends in selected outcomes changed 4 years after the inception of the national program...
January 17, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343214/establishing-a-genetic-link-between-fto-and-vdr-gene-polymorphisms-and-obesity-in-the-emirati-population
#8
Saad Mahmud Khan, Sarah El Hajj Chehadeh, Mehera Abdulrahman, Wael Osman, Habiba Al Safar
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a metabolic disease that is widely prevalent with approximately 600 million people classified as obese worldwide. Its etiology is multifactorial and involves a complex interplay between genes and the environment. Over the past few decades, obesity rates among the Emirati population have been increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of candidate gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), namely FTO (rs9939609) and VDR (rs1544410), with obesity in the UAE population...
January 17, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343189/translating-ancient-alchemy-fragments-of-graeco-egyptian-alchemy-in-arabic-compendia
#9
Matteo Martelli
Translation played a vital role in the development and transfer of alchemy in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Since its origins in Graeco-Roman Egypt, alchemy was encapsulated in Greek texts which allegedly relied on Persian or Egyptian sources. Later, a variety of Greek and Byzantine writings were translated into Syriac and Arabic, and these translations were in turn fragmented and disseminated in later Arabic compendia. This paper will first review the main phases of this historical process of transmission of alchemy from one language and culture to another...
January 17, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341424/fetal-ultrasonographic-findings-including-cerebral-hyperechogenicity-in-a-patient-with-non-lethal-form-of-raine-syndrome
#10
Kei Tamai, Katsuhiko Tada, Akihito Takeuchi, Makoto Nakamura, Hidenori Marunaka, Yosuke Washio, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Fuyuki Miya, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Misao Kageyama
Raine syndrome is a rare osteosclerotic bone dysplasia characterized by craniofacial anomalies and intracranial calcification. Most patients with Raine syndrome are of Arab ancestry and die during the neonatal period. We herein report a Japanese patient with non-lethal Raine syndrome who presented with characteristic cerebral hyperechogenicity and a hypoplastic nose by fetal ultrasonography. She was admitted to the NICU due to pyriform aperture stenosis. Craniofacial abnormalities, intracranial calcification, osteosclerosis, chondrodysplasia punctata, and a mutation of FAM20C was identified...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339370/nature-s-wastebasket-the-role-of-the-external-carotid-artery-in-acute-stroke
#11
Jesse Jones, Conrad William Liang, Nima Ramezan-Arab, Gary Duckwiler, Satoshi Tateshima
We describe a novel technical approach to acute stroke illustrated by the case of a 41 year old male who presented with tandem right common carotid artery (CCA) and M1 occlusions. His NIHSS was 17 and Alberta stroke programe early CT score (ASPECTs) was 8. Thrombectomy initially proved challenging due to large volume CCA thrombus that repeatedly occluded the aspiration catheters. However, by inflating a balloon distally and pulling clot into the adjacent ECA, we were able to quickly restore distal contrast flow to the intracranial circulation and achieve Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction/Arterial Occlusive Lesion (TICI2C/AOL3) revascularization...
January 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337342/polysaccharides-reduce-absorption-and-mutagenicity-of-3-amino-1-4-dimethyl-5h-pyrido-4-3-b-indole-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#12
Lingying Luo, Yun Bai, Guanghong Zhou
3-Amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1) is a group 2B carcinogen characterized by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and great efforts have been taken to reduce Trp-P-1 mutagenicity to humans. In this study, the effect of a reduction of Trp-P-1 on intestinal absorption as a promising strategy was investigated. The data showed that when 20 mM Trp-P-1 cotransported with 10 mM of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), xanthan gum, or carrageenan, the absorption rate of Trp-P-1 was reduced by 31...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337005/walker-warburg-syndrome-and-tectocerebellar-dysraphia-a-novel-association-caused-by-a-homozygous-dag1-mutation
#13
Zvi Leibovitz, Hanna Mandel, Tzipora C Falik-Zaccai, Shani Ben Harouch, David Savitzki, Karina Krajden-Haratz, Liat Gindes, Mordechai Tamarkin, Dorit Lev, William B Dobyns, Tally Lerman-Sagie
OBJECTIVES: To elaborate the imaging phenotype associated with a homozygous c.743C > del frameshift mutation in DAG1 leading to complete absence of both α- and β-dystroglycan previously reported in a consanguineous Israeli-Arab family. METHODS: We analyzed prenatal and postnatal imaging data of patients from a consanguineous Israeli-Arab kindred harboring the DAG1 mutation. RESULTS: The imaging studies (fetal ultrasound, CT scan and postnatal MRI) demonstrated: flat cortex (abnormally thick with irregular pebbled cortical-white matter border on MRI), hydrocephalus, scattered small periventricular heterotopia and subependymal hemorrhages and calcifications, z-shaped brainstem, and in addition an occipital encephalocele, vermian agenesis, and an elongated and thick tectum (tectocerebellar dysraphia)...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336168/dementia-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Sara Mahmoud Yaghmour, Ruth Bartlett, Tula Brannelly
Globally, there is an increase in the older population, whose lives are affected by local cultural norms. In Eastern Mediterranean countries, dementia is conventionally hidden from view with few dedicated services or recognition for diagnosis. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the limited literature on dementia and cognitive impairment among older people in Eastern Mediterranean countries to present an evaluation of current practices and to consolidate knowledge for future planning. Thirty-three studies were identified for inclusion in the review, and four themes were apparent...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334974/prevalence-of-dysmenorrhea-and-predictors-of-its-pain-intensity-among-palestinian-female-university-students
#15
Heba A Abu Helwa, Areen A Mitaeb, Suha Al-Hamshri, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Few studies on gynaecological problems of young females in Arab countries were published. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain among university students in Palestine. METHODS: A cross - sectional study was carried out on a randomly selected sample of An-Najah National University female students. A pre-designed questionnaire, which included questions regarding menstrual cycle, pain during menstruation, life style, nutritional habits, and symptoms associated with menstrual pain, was used...
January 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332589/validation-of-an-arabic-version-of-the-obesity-related-wellbeing-orwell-97-questionnaire-in-adults-with-obesity
#16
Leila Itani, Simona Calugi, Dima Kreidieh, Germine El Kassas, Dana El Masri, Hana Tannir, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Aya Harfoush, Marwan El Ghoch
BACKGROUND: No specific questionnaire that evaluates Health-Related Quality Of Life (HRQOL) in individuals with obesity is available in the Arabic language. The aim of this study was therefore to propose and examine the validity and reliability of an Arabic language version of the ORWELL 97, a validated obesity-related HRQOL questionnaire. METHODS: The ORWELL 97 questionnaire was translated from English to Arabic language and administered to 318 Arabic-speaking participants (106 from clinical and 212 from community samples), and underwent internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct and discriminative validity analysis...
January 10, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329738/relationship-between-proprioception-and-endurance-functionality-of-the-cervical-flexor-muscles-in-chronic-neck-pain-and-asymptomatic-participants
#17
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir H Kahlaee, Mohammad R Nourbakhsh, Amena Ahmadi, Amir M Arab
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship between flexion endurance capacity and joint position error in participants with or without chronic neck pain (CNP). METHODS: Sixty-one CNP and 60 asymptomatic volunteers participated in this cross-sectional, case-control, and correlational analysis study. The measured variables included absolute and constant joint repositioning errors in the sagittal and horizontal directions, clinical flexor endurance test score, pain intensity, and neck disability index...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327954/prevalence-of-caryospora-species-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-in-falcons-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#18
Victor D S Mateuta, Jaime H Samour
A total of 3975 fecal samples, originated from the same number of individual birds, from 7 dedicated falcon hospitals, were examined to determine the prevalence of Caryospora species in the falcon population used in the sport of falconry in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). From that total, 297 (7.5%) were positive for the presence of Caryospora species. The falcons were all captive bred within the UAE and abroad, mainly from Germany, Spain, the United States, and Canada. Positive samples for the presence of Caryospora species were sporulated, and the taxonomy was established based on morphologic characteristics...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325736/differential-association-of-dennd1agenetic-variants-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-tunisian-but-not-bahraini-arab-women
#19
Meriem Dallel, Sameh Sarray, Zeineb Douma, Feten Hachani, Abrar K Al-Ansari, Dhafer B Letaifa, Touhami Mahjoub, Wassim Y Almawi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder, and results from interaction between modifiable and non-modifiable factors, including genetic predisposition. Previous genome-wide association studies and meta-analysis identified DENND1A as PCOS susceptibility locus in some, but not all populations. We investigated whether the association of DENND1A gene variants with PCOS was similar between Tunisian and Bahraini Arab women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was retrospective case-control study...
January 8, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324827/psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-12-item-diabetes-fatalism-scale
#20
Ola Sukkarieh-Haraty, Leonard E Egede, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maya Bassil
BACKGROUND: There are widespread fatalistic beliefs in Arab countries, especially among individuals with diabetes. However, there is no tool to assess diabetes fatalism in this population. This study describes the processes used to create an Arabic version of the Diabetes Fatalism Scale (DFS) and examine its psychometric properties. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used with a convenience sample of Lebanese adults (N = 274) with type 2 diabetes recruited from a major hospital in Beirut, Lebanon and by snowball sampling...
2018: PloS One
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