keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Arab

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154653/symbolic-number-skills-predict-growth-in-nonsymbolic-number-skills-in-kindergarteners
#1
Ian M Lyons, Stephanie Bugden, Samuel Zheng, Stefanie De Jesus, Daniel Ansari
There is currently considerable discussion about the relative influences of evolutionary and cultural factors in the development of early numerical skills. In particular, there has been substantial debate and study of the relationship between approximate, nonverbal (approximate magnitude system [AMS]) and exact, symbolic (symbolic number system [SNS]) representations of number. Here we examined several hypotheses concerning whether, in the earliest stages of formal education, AMS abilities predict growth in SNS abilities, or the other way around...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154451/the-role-of-morphological-and-phonological-awareness-in-the-early-development-of-word-spelling-and-reading-in-typically-developing-and-disabled-arabic-readers
#2
Elinor Saiegh-Haddad, Haitham Taha
The study is a cross-sectional developmental investigation of morphological and phonological awareness in word spelling and reading in Arabic in reading-accuracy disabled (RD) children and in age-matched typically developing (TR) controls in grades 1-4 (N = 160). Morphological awareness tasks targeted the root and word pattern derivational system of Arabic, in both the oral and the written modalities. Phonological awareness employed a variety of orally administered segmentation and deletion tasks. The results demonstrated early deficits in morphological awareness, besides deficits in phonological awareness, in RD children as compared with typically developing controls, as well as in word and pseudoword spelling and reading (voweled and unvoweled)...
November 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153983/perceptions-intentions-and-behavioral-norms-that-affect-pre-license-driving-among-arab-youth-in-israel
#3
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Mina Zemach, Tsippy Lotan, Wafa Elias, Einat Grimberg
The present study examines reported pre-license driving among youth from the population of Arab citizens of Israel. The purpose of the present study is to examine which sociodemographic variables, attitudes and perceptions about safe driving and individual and societal behavioral norms are associated with pre-license driving. The research distinguished between the factors that actually contribute to pre-license driving (reported behavior, peer norms, gender and parents' messages) and the factors that explain the intention (parental authority, social norms, parents' messages and fear of road crashes)...
November 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153965/information-about-epilepsy-on-the-internet-an-exploratory-study-of-arabic-websites
#4
Jamal M Alkhateeb, Muna S Alhadidi
The aim of this study was to explore information about epilepsy found on Arabic websites. The researchers collected information from the internet between November 2016 and January 2017. Information was obtained using Google and Yahoo search engines. Keywords used were the Arabic equivalent of the following two keywords: epilepsy (Al-saraa) and convulsion (Tashanoj). A total of 144 web pages addressing epilepsy in Arabic were reviewed. The majority of web pages were websites of medical institutions and general health websites, followed by informational and educational websites, others, blogs and websites of individuals, and news and media sites...
November 16, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153745/analysis-of-the-golden-proportion-and-width-height-ratios-of-maxillary-anterior-teeth-in-arab-and-kurdish-populations
#5
Neda Al-Kaisy, Balkees Taha Garib
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dentists providing anterior restorations are guided by the principles of anatomic tooth dimension. Dental biometrics should consider ethnicity to produce a more comprehensive evaluation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to analyze the anatomic crowns of maxillary central incisors (CI), lateral incisors (LI), and canines (C) with respect to the golden proportion (GP) and width/height (W/H) ratio in Kurdish and Arab populations...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152320/intramuscular-progesterone-gestone-versus-vaginal-progesterone-suppository-cyclogest-for-luteal-phase-support-in-cycles-of-in-vitro-fertilization-embryo-transfer-patient-preference-and-drug-efficacy
#6
Amal Yaseen Zaman, Serdar Coskun, Ahmed Abdullah Alsanie, Khalid Arab Awartani
Background: The requirement for luteal phase support (LPS) in stimulated IVF cycles is well established, however drug choice, and route of administration and duration of use are not. This report evaluates patients' preference and satisfaction by using either vaginal or intramuscular (IM) progesterone (P) supplementation for luteal phase support after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Methods: It is a prospective cohort study done in a reproductive and infertility unit in a tertiary care hospital from March 2013 through February 2015 for four hundred and nine patients undergoing IVF-ET...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151847/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-5-year-descriptive-study-from-the-national-trauma-center-in-qatar
#7
Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Hassan Al-Thani, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Gaby Jabbour, Khalid A Alyafei
Background: The epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of pediatric traumatic brain injury (pTBI) have not been adequately documented from the rapidly developing countries in the Arab Middle East. We aimed to describe the hospital-based epidemiologic characteristics, injury mechanisms, clinical presentation, and outcomes of pTBI and analyze key characteristics and determinant of pTBI that could help to make recommendations for policies to improve their care. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study in a level 1 trauma center (2010-2014) for all pTBI patients...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150224/reduced-gene-expression-of-sirtuins-and-active-ampk-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-and-insulin-resistance
#8
Zahra Arab Sadeghabadi, Mitra Nourbakhsh, Parvin Pasalar, Solaleh Emamgholipour, Abolfazl Golestani, Bagher Larijani, Maryam Razzaghy-Azar
BACKGROUND: Sirtuins, including SIRT1 and SIRT2, are longevity-associated deacetylase enzymes that modulate metabolic homeostasis in response to the cellular energy state. Adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and SIRT1 are interrelated and share several common target pathways. This study aimed to evaluate the SIRT1 and SIRT2 gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as well as plasma levels of AMPK, in obese children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants included 60 children and adolescents (30 obese and 30 age- and gender-matched control subjects)...
November 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149668/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-epilepsy-a-study-from-jordan
#9
Amira Masri, Samah Aburahma, Aisha Khasawneh, Abdelkarim Al Qudah, Omar Nafi, Miral Al Momani, Faisal Khatib
PURPOSE: To explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of parents whose children were diagnosed with epilepsy. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire based study of parents who accompanied their children with epilepsy to the child neurology clinics at three university hospitals in Jordan. RESULTS: Most parents (427, 90.3%) knew that epilepsy is not related to a psychiatric disease. Approximately half of the parents (245, 51.8%) used the internet as their source of knowledge, and most used Arabic websites...
November 8, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147582/assessment-of-weight-management-practices-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#10
Amita Attlee, Nour Atmani, Viktor Stromtsov, Fatima Ali, Rim Tikarly, Sarah Ryad, Ghada Salah, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Obaid
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147036/measuring-arithmetic-a-psychometric-approach-to-understanding-formatting-effects-and-domain-specificity
#11
Katherine T Rhodes, Lee Branum-Martin, Julie A Washington, Lynn S Fuchs
Using multitrait, multimethod data, and confirmatory factor analysis, the current study examined the effects of arithmetic item formatting and the possibility that across formats, abilities other than arithmetic may contribute to children's answers. Measurement hypotheses were guided by several leading theories of arithmetic cognition. With a sample of 1314 3rd grade students (age M=103.24 months, SD=5.41 months), Abstract Code Theory, Encoding Complex Theory, Triple Code Theory, and the Exact versus Approximate Calculations Hypothesis were evaluated, using 11 measures of arithmetic with symbolic problem formats (e...
October 2017: Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144073/evaluation-of-certain-food-additives
#12
(no author information available yet)
This report represents the conclusions of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee convened to evaluate the safety of various food additives, including flavouring agents, with a view to concluding as to safety concerns and to preparing specifications for identity and purity. The first part of the report contains a general discussion of the principles governing the toxicological evaluation of and assessment of dietary exposure to food additives, including flavouring agents. A summary follows of the Committee’s evaluations of technical, toxicological and dietary exposure data for 10 food additives (Allura Red AC; carob bean gum; lutein esters from Tagetes erecta; octenyl succinic acid (OSA)– modified gum arabic; pectin; Quinoline Yellow; rosemary extract; steviol glycosides; tartrazine; and xanthan gum) and five groups of flavouring agents (alicyclic, alicyclic-fused and aromatic-fused ring lactones; aliphatic and aromatic amines and amides; aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters; cinnamyl alcohol and related substances; and tetrahydrofuran and furanone derivatives)...
2017: World Health Organization Technical Report Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143917/lambda-phage-nanoparticles-displaying-her2-derived-e75-peptide-induce-effective-e75-cd8-t-response
#13
Atefeh Arab, Jessica Nicastro, Roderick Slavcev, Atefeh Razazan, Nastaran Barati, Amin Reza Nikpoor, Amir Abbas Momtazi Brojeni, Fatemeh Mosaffa, Ali Badiee, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Javad Behravan
We have investigated the in vitro immunogenicity and in vivo prophylactic and therapeutic potential of lambda (λ) phage particles displaying the E75 peptide (derived from HER2 protein) in an implantable TUBO breast tumor model of BALB/c mice. The mice were immunized with the E75-displaying phage (λF7-gpD::E75) every 2-week intervals over a 6-week period, and the generated immune responses were studied. Results showed in vitro induction of immune responses by the λF7 (gpD::E75) construct compared to the control λF7 and buffer groups...
November 16, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141191/microbial-lipids-and-added-value-metabolites-production-by-yarrowia-lipolytica-from-pork-lard
#14
Marlene Lopes, Andreia S Gomes, Carla M Silva, Isabel Belo
Yarrowia lipolytica is a suitable microbial platform to convert low-value hydrophobic substrates into microbial oils and other important metabolites. In this work, this yeast species was used to simultaneously synthetize ex novo lipids and produce citric acid and lipase from animal fat (pork lard) adding higher value to the low-cost fatty substrate. The effect of pH, lard concentration, arabic gum concentration and oxygen mass transfer rate (OTR) on lipids accumulation on Y. lipolytica batch cultures was assessed by an experimental design based on Taguchi method...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140448/internal-locus-of-control-health-literacy-and-health-an-israeli-cultural-perspective
#15
Orna Baron-Epel, Diane Levin-Zamir, Vicki Cohen, Asher Elhayany
The association between health literacy (HL) and health outcomes, including self-perceived health (SPH) has been well documented. Yet the complexity of this association is not yet completely clear. Drawing on the Health Literacy Scale (HLS) study in Israel, we examined the association between HL, Internal Health Locus of Control (IHLOC) and SPH among Jews and Arabs. A face-to-face survey was conducted among 242 Arabs and 358 Jews. The questionnaire measured SPH, IHLOC and two measures of HL: a European HLScale (HLS-EU-16) and the Hebrew/Arabic Health Literacy Test (H/AHLT), based on the Short Test Of Functional Health Literacy in Adults...
November 13, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137672/the-primary-health-care-in-the-emirate-of-abu-dhabi-are-they-aligned-with-the-chronic-care-model-elements
#16
Marília Silva Paulo, Tom Loney, Luís Velez Lapão
BACKGROUND: Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the largest of the seven emirates in terms of land mass and population. Abu Dhabi emirate has three different geographical regions: the Central Capital District, the Eastern Region, and the Western Region. The health system has been regulated by the Health Authority - Abu Dhabi (HAAD), and has been provided by the Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA), since 2007. The UAE has a high population-burden of morbidity and mortality related to chronic diseases...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135419/the-risk-of-cancer-might-be-lower-than-we-think-alternatives-to-lifetime-risk-estimates
#17
Gilat L Grunau, Shay Gueron, Boris Pornov, Shai Linn
BACKGROUND: Estimates of lifetime cancer risk are commonly used in the clinical setting and in health-care evaluations. These measures are based on lifetime cancer risk estimates and may create an unrealistically frightening perception of cancer risk for an individual. We suggest using two new measures of cancer risk to complement the cancer lifetime risk measure, namely estimates of cancer risk from birth to a specific age or from a specific age to life expectancy. METHODS: We calculated risks using incidence density data from the Israel National Cancer Registry of 2013, applying a well-known formula for calculating risk, for a follow-up time...
October 16, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134589/encapsulation-of-listeria-phage-a511-by-alginate-to-improve-its-thermal-stability
#18
Hanie Ahmadi, Qi Wang, Loong-Tak Lim, S Balamurugan
Microencapsulation is a versatile method for enhancing the stability of bacteriophages under harsh conditions, such as those which occur during thermal processing. For food applications, encapsulation in food-grade polymer matrices is desirable owing to their nontoxicity and low cost. Here, we describe the encapsulation of Listeria phage A511 using sodium alginate, gum arabic, and gelatin to maximize its viability during thermal processing.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134261/drivers-and-challenges-for-implementing-iso-14001-environmental-management-systems-in-an-emerging-gulf-arab-country
#19
Marie-France Waxin, Sandra L Knuteson, Aaron Bartholomew
Worldwide, ISO 14001 certification for organizations has become the norm, but the Arab world accounts for an insignificant portion of all the certified organizations. There is a dearth of research on environmental management systems (EMS) in Arab and emerging countries and in public organizations. The objectives of this research are to: (1) examine the key drivers and challenges related to implementation of ISO 14001 certified EMS in the United Arab Emirates, an emerging Arab country and (2) compare and contrast these drivers and challenges between private and public organizations...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134106/robust-clustering-of-languages-across-wikipedia-growth
#20
Kristina Ban, Matjaž Perc, Zoran Levnajić
Wikipedia is the largest existing knowledge repository that is growing on a genuine crowdsourcing support. While the English Wikipedia is the most extensive and the most researched one with over 5 million articles, comparatively little is known about the behaviour and growth of the remaining 283 smaller Wikipedias, the smallest of which, Afar, has only one article. Here, we use a subset of these data, consisting of 14 962 different articles, each of which exists in 26 different languages, from Arabic to Ukrainian...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
keyword
keyword
39575
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"