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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642216/what-predicts-online-health-information-seeking-behavior-among-egyptian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mayada Ghweeba, Antje Lindenmeyer, Sobhi Shishi, Mostafa Abbas, Amani Waheed, Shaymaa Amer
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the Internet has become an important source of health-related information for a wide range of users worldwide. Yet, little is known about the personal characteristics of Egyptian Internet users who search for online health information (OHI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the personal characteristics of Egyptian OHI seekers and to determine any associations between their personal characteristics and their health information-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640580/a-bio-inspired-alginate-gum-arabic-hydrogel-with-micro-nano-scale-structures-for-controlled-drug-release-in-chronic-wound-healing
#2
Mi Li, Haichang Li, Xiangguang Li, Hua Zhu, Zihui Xu, Lianqing Liu, Jianjie Ma, Mingjun Zhang
Bio-polymeric hydrogels have drawn increasingly research interests in biomaterials due to its tunable physical and chemical properties for both creating bioactive cellular micro-environment and serving as sustainable therapeutic reagents. Inspired by a naturally occurring hydrogel secreted from the carnivorous Sundew plant for trapping insects, here we have developed a bio-inspired hydrogel to deliver mitsugumin53 (MG53), an important protein in cell membrane repair, for chronic wound healing. Both chemical compositions and micro/nano morphological properties inherent from the natural Sundew hydrogel were mimicked using sodium alginate and gum arabic with calcium ion-mediated cross-linking...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638141/al-mena-a-comprehensive-resource-of-human-genetic-variants-integrating-genomes-and-exomes-from-arab-middle-eastern-and-north-african-populations
#3
Remya Koshy, Anop Ranawat, Vinod Scaria
Middle East and North Africa (MENA) encompass very unique populations, with a rich history and encompasses characteristic ethnic, linguistic and genetic diversity. The genetic diversity of MENA region has been largely unknown. The recent availability of whole-exome and whole-genome sequences from the region has made it possible to collect population-specific allele frequencies. The integration of data sets from this region would provide insights into the landscape of genetic variants in this region. We integrated genetic variants from multiple data sets systematically, available from this region to create a compendium of over 26 million genetic variations...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#4
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631534/measuring-well-being-in-israel-and-palestine
#5
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Jamal Dagdouke, Loredana Addimando, Shaher Yagi
This work presents the psychometric properties of the Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale in a sample of 423 participants composed of Israeli Arabs and Palestinians from the West Bank/Gaza Strip. Psychometric assessment of the instrument was based on confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent and discriminant validity of Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale were also tested via administration of the General Health Questionnaire and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. The results suggest that Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale is valid, reliable, and solid from a psychometric point of view and provides an accurate assessment of respondents' well-being...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630767/the-learning-preferences-among-nursing-students-in-the-king-saud-university-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Homood A Alharbi, Adel F Almutairi, Eyad M Alhelih, Abdualrahman S Alshehry
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify the most common learning preferences among the nursing students in Saudi Arabia and to investigate the associations of certain demographic variables with the learning preferences. METHODS: All the undergraduate nursing students in the nursing college were requested to participate in this descriptive cross-sectional study. An Arabic version of the Felder-Silverman learning style model (FSLSM) questionnaire was used to examine the learning preferences among undergraduate nursing students...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630517/enhancing-student-communication-skills-through-arabic-language-competency-and-simulated-patient-assessments
#7
Sanah Hasan, Hamadeh M Khier Tarazi, Dana Abdel Halim Hilal
Objective. To assess student communication and patient management skill with introduction of Arabic and use of simulated patient assessments to a communication and counseling course. Design. Five, 3-hour tutorials (clinical skill laboratory) were added to the course covering: listening and empathic responding, non-verbal communications, interviewing skills, assertiveness, counseling in special situations: conflict, anger, worry or rushed situations, and professional decision making. Arabic content was introduced to the course to enhance Arabic communications and competence among students...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629036/intestine-targeted-delivery-potency-of-the-o-carboxymethyl-chitosan-gum-arabic-coacervate-effects-of-coacervation-acidity-and-possible-mechanism
#8
Guo-Qing Huang, Li-Na Liu, Xiao-Na Han, Jun-Xia Xiao
The potential of the glutaraldehyde-crosslinked O-carboxymethyl chitosan (O-CMC)-gum Arabic (GA) coacervate as an intestine-targeted delivery system for hydrophobic compounds was concerned. OCMC-GA coacervates and emulsified bovine serum albumin (BSA)-loaded microcapsules were prepared in pH3.0, 4.5, and 6.0 and their swelling behaviors as well as BSA release profiles in simulated gastrointestinal fluids were measured. All the coacervates showed higher swelling ratios in the simulated gastric solution than in the simulated intestine and colon solutions and the values increased as the coacervation pH increased from 3...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629000/formulation-and-in-vitro-efficacy-of-antifungal-mucoadhesive-polymeric-matrices-for-the-delivery-of-miconazole-nitrate
#9
G Tejada, G N Piccirilli, M Sortino, C J Salomón, M C Lamas, D Leonardi
Oral candidiasis is the most common opportunistic infection affecting patients with the human immunodeficiency virus. Miconazole buccal tablets or miconazole gel are approved for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis. However, buccal films present more flexibility and also offer protection for the wounded mucosa, reducing pain. Due to their small size and thickness, buccal films may improve patients' compliance, compared to tablets. Additionally, they may increase the relatively short residence time on the mucosa of oral gels, which are easily removed by saliva...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627390/classification-of-hydrocolloids-based-on-in-vitro-starch-digestibility-and-rheological-properties-of-segoami-gel
#10
Da Sol Jung, In Young Bae, Im Kyung Oh, Sang-Ik Han, Sung-Joon Lee, Hyeon Gyu Lee
The influence of hydrocolloids on in vitro starch digestibility and rheological properties of Segoami (a new rice variety fortified with amylose and dietary fiber) gel was investigated in terms of type (sodium alginate, arabic gum, guar gum, locust bean gum, and xanthan gum) and addition levels (0.3-0.7% for rice flour weight) of hydrocolloids. In addition, the behavior of hydrocolloids was analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) based on both properties of various Segoami-hydrocolloids gels. The first and second principle components (PC) explained 80...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625131/long-term-lifestyle-modification-programs-for-overweight-and-obesity-management-in-the-arab-states-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Dima Khreidieh, Leila Itani, Germine El Kassas, Dana El Masri, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing health problem worldwide. It is associated with serious medical and psychosocial comorbidities that increase the risk of mortality. However, strong evidence confirms lifestyle-modification programs as the cornerstone treatment for excess weight and obesity. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of the lifestyle-modification programs for weight management delivered in Arabic-speaking countries. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched, and studies conducted in humans were identified and screened as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
June 18, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625116/the-effects-of-immigration-and-media-influence-on-body-image-among-pakistani-men
#12
Sheeba Saghir, Lynda Hyland
This study examined the role of media influence and immigration on body image among Pakistani men. Attitudes toward the body were compared between those living in Pakistan ( n = 56) and those who had immigrated to the United Arab Emirates ( n = 58). Results of a factorial analysis of variance demonstrated a significant main effect of immigrant status. Pakistani men living in the United Arab Emirates displayed poorer body image than those in the Pakistan sample. Results also indicated a second main effect of media influence...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624899/neuropsychological-measures-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ahmed F Fasfous, Haya F Al-Joudi, Antonio E Puente, Miguel Pérez-García
Although Arabic is one of the most widely used languages in the world, little is known on the availability of standardized neuropsychological tests in Arabic. We review the literature published before 2016, using the keywords Arab*, cogniti*, and neuropsycholo*, as well as keywords for each Arab country. PubMed, PsycINFO, Education Source, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, Shamaa, and Arabpsynet databases were searched, in addition to a selected number of Arabic medical and educational journals...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624542/outcome-and-clinical-significance-of-immunophenotypic-markers-expressed-in-different-treatment-protocols-of-pediatric-patients-with-t-all-in-developing-countries
#14
Douaa M Sayed, Heba Abdel Razik Sayed, Heba N Raslan, Amany M Ali, Asmaa Zahran, Reema Al-Hayek, Saad A Daama, Arwa Al-Saber
BACKGROUND: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) accounts for about 15% of pediatric ALL. With wider use of intensive chemotherapy, the prognosis for childhood T-ALL has improved. Further gains in treatment outcome will likely require methods to identify patients who continue to fail on contemporary protocols. This study aimed to evaluate pediatric patients with T-ALL at 2 different Arabic cancer centers regarding their clinicopathologic, immunophenotypic, and cytogenetic features and outcome...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624082/the-influence-of-carrier-material-on-some-physical-and-structural-properties-of-carrot-juice-microcapsules
#15
Emilia Janiszewska-Turak, Nicolò Dellarosa, Urszula Tylewicz, Luca Laghi, Santina Romani, Marco Dalla Rosa, Dorota Witrowa-Rajchert
This study investigates the effect of carrier type on the physical and structural properties of microcapsules of pure carrot juice. Low-crystallised maltodextrin (MD), gum arabic (GA), mixtures of MD and GA (1:1; 2:1; 3:1) and whey protein isolate (WPI) were used as carriers. Microencapsulation was carried out in a spray-drier at inlet air temperature of 160°C. Powders were investigated for dry matter, water activity, diameter, carotene content and hygroscopicity. In addition, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and time domain nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR) were applied to analyse microcapsules glass transition temperature (Tg)...
December 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623667/the-genome-and-phenome-of-the-green-alga-chloroidium-sp-utex-3007-reveal-adaptive-traits-for-desert-acclimatization
#16
David R Nelson, Basel Khraiwesh, Weiqi Fu, Saleh Alseekh, Ashish Kumar Jaiswal, Amphun Chaiboonchoe, Khaled M Hazzouri, Matthew J O'Connor, Glenn L Butterfoss, Nizar Drou, Jillian D Rowe, Jamil Harb, Alisdair R Fernie, Kristin C Gunsalus, Kourosh Salehi-Ashtiani
To investigate the phenomic and genomic traits that allow green algae to survive in deserts, we characterized a ubiquitous species, Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007, which we isolated from multiple locations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Metabolomic analyses of Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007 indicated that the alga accumulates a broad range of carbon sources, including several desiccation tolerance-promoting sugars and unusually large stores of palmitate. Growth assays revealed capacities to grow in salinities from zero to 60 g/L and to grow heterotrophically on >40 distinct carbon sources...
June 17, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622360/the-seroprevalence-of-west-nile-virus-in-israel-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ravit Bassal, Tamy Shohat, Zalman Kaufman, Batya Mannasse, Eilat Shinar, Doron Amichay, Mira Barak, Anat Ben-Dor, Adina Bar Haim, Daniel Cohen, Ella Mendelson, Yaniv Lustig
West Nile Virus (WNV) is endemic in Israel, affecting yearly 40-160 individuals. Israel is located on a central migratory path between Africa and Eurasia and most West Nile Fever (WNF) cases reported in recent years were among residents of the coastal plain. The aim of the study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of WNV among the Israeli population and to assess correlates for WNV infection. A cross-sectional nationwide serologic survey was conducted using 3,145 serum samples collected by the national Israeli serum bank during 2011-2014, representing all age and population groups in Israel...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621423/roles-of-the-cilium-associated-gene-ccdc11-in-left-right-patterning-and-in-laterality-disorders-in-humans
#18
Michal Gur, Enbal Ben-Tal Cohen, Olga Genin, Abraham Fainsod, Zeev Perles, Yuval Cinnamon
Axial determination occurs during early stages of embryogenesis. Flaws in laterality patterning result in abnormal positioning of visceral organs, as manifested in heterotaxy syndrome, or complete left-right inversion as in situs inversus totalis. These malformations are often associated with ciliopathies, as seen in primary ciliary dyskinesia. We have recently described a novel mutation in the Coiled-Coil Domain-Containing 11 (CCDC11) gene associated with laterality disorders in a consanguineous family of Arab-Muslim origin with two affected siblings presenting with diverse phenotypes, one with heterotaxy syndrome and the other with non-primary ciliary dyskinesia situs inversus totalis...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617946/heterogeneity-in-perceptions-of-parenting-among-arab-refugee-adolescents-in-jordan
#19
Judith G Smetana, Ikhlas Ahmad
Heterogeneity in parenting was examined in 883 Arab refugee adolescents in Jordan (Mage  = 15.01 years, SD = 1.60). Latent profile analyses of five parenting dimensions rated separately for mothers and fathers yielded authoritative, authoritarian, indifferent, punitive, and for mothers, permissive profiles, with most mothers (60%) and fathers (66%) classified as authoritative. Parenting was more often authoritative for women than men and punitive (for fathers) or permissive (for mothers) of boys than girls...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617937/resilience-in-context-a-brief-and-culturally-grounded-measure-for-syrian-refugee-and-jordanian-host-community-adolescents
#20
Catherine Panter-Brick, Kristin Hadfield, Rana Dajani, Mark Eggerman, Alastair Ager, Michael Ungar
Validated measures are needed for assessing resilience in conflict settings. An Arabic version of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) was developed and tested in Jordan. Following qualitative work, surveys were implemented with male/female, refugee/nonrefugee samples (N = 603, 11-18 years). Confirmatory factor analyses tested three-factor structures for 28- and 12-item CYRMs and measurement equivalence across groups. CYRM-12 showed measurement reliability and face, content, construct (comparative fit index = ...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
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