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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425972/the-impact-of-hyposalivation-on-quality-of-life-qol-and-oral-health-in-the-aging-population-of-al-madinah-al-munawarrah
#1
Mohammad S Ahmad, Ahmed Bhayat, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
Hyposalivation (HS) affects aging individuals by causing pain and discomfort in the oral cavity. The aim here was to determine the impact of hyposalivation and the saliva pH on the quality of life and caries status of geriatrics population. A total of 138 male outpatients attending the Taibah University College of Dentistry (TUCoD) dental clinic were included in the study. The saliva flow, pH, Quality of Life (QoL), and caries status were recorded. The QoL was measured using the Arabic version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), and the caries status was recorded using the Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425501/plant-gum-identification-in-historic-artworks
#2
Clara Granzotto, Julie Arslanoglu, Christian Rolando, Caroline Tokarski
We describe an integrated and straightforward new analytical protocol that identifies plant gums from various sample sources including cultural heritage. Our approach is based on the identification of saccharidic fingerprints using mass spectrometry following controlled enzymatic hydrolysis. We developed an enzyme cocktail suitable for plant gums of unknown composition. Distinctive MS profiles of gums such as arabic, cherry and locust-bean gums were successfully identified. A wide range of oligosaccharidic combinations of pentose, hexose, deoxyhexose and hexuronic acid were accurately identified in gum arabic whereas cherry and locust bean gums showed respectively PentxHexy and Hexn profiles...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425244/genetic-association-analysis-of-erbb4-polymorphisms-with-the-risk-ofschizophrenia-susceptibility-in-a-jordanian-population-of-arab-descent
#3
Laith Al-Eitan, Sahar Al-Habahbeh, Rami Alkhatib
BACKGROUND/AIM: The ERBB4 gene encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase and is considered to be one of the risk genes of schizophrenia. Although there is evidence of the roles of genes and the environment in the etiology of schizophrenia, a comprehensive biological and genetic background of the disease is still lacking. The aim of this study is to assess whether genetic variation in the human ERBB4 gene is associated with vulnerability to schizophrenia in the Jordanian Arab population...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424259/maternal-vitamin-d-insufficiency-early-in-pregnancy-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-ethnic-minority-women-in-canada
#4
Negar Tabatabaei, Nathalie Auger, Catherine M Herba, Shuqin Wei, Catherine Allard, Guy D Fink, William D Fraser
Background: Maternal vitamin D insufficiency (plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] <75 nmol/L) may play a role in ethnic disparities in rates of preterm and spontaneous preterm births.Objective: We explored the relation between maternal plasma 25(OH)D concentration in the first trimester (8-14 wk of gestation) and the risk of preterm and spontaneous preterm births (<37 wk of gestation) by ethnicity.Methods: We designed a case-control study that included 120 cases of preterm birth (<37 wk of gestation) and 360 term controls (≥37 wk of gestation) of singleton pregnancies from the 3D cohort, a multicenter study in 2456 pregnant women in Quebec, Canada...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422853/gastritis-in-patients-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-ethnic-distribution-and-impact-on-glycemic
#5
Lea Rath-Wolfson, Roy Varona, Golan Bubis, Alexander Tatarov, Rumelia Koren, Edward Ram
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a therapeutic option in severely obese patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) gastritis and non-Helicobacter gastritis in the gastrectomy specimens, and its association to other variables.One hundred six sleeve gastrectomy specimens were examined histopathologically for the presence of gastritis and its relation to other factors like ethnicity, glycemic control, and postoperative complications.Twelve patients had HP gastritis, 39 had non-HP gastritis, and 55 had normal mucosa...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421889/overall-assessment-of-human-research-and-ethics-committees-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Mahera Abdulrahman, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair
Growing demand for human health research in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has prompted the need to develop a robust research ethics oversight. Examination of the structure, function, and practices of the human research ethics committees (HRECs), followed by evaluation of standards for measuring research output, was conducted. Results indicate that among the HRECs, 90% followed International Council for Harmonization-Good Clinical Practice guidelines, 66.6% have been in operation for more than 5 years, 95% reviewed proposals within 8 weeks, and 56% reviewed for scientific merit apart from ethics...
April 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419963/acute-toxicity-and-anti-fatigue-activity-of-polysaccharide-rich-extract-from-corn-silk
#7
He-Peng Zhao, Yang Zhang, Zhuo Liu, Jiang-Yue Chen, Song-Yan Zhang, Xiu-Dong Yang, Hong-Li Zhou
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and potential of PCS as the anti-fatigue functional food. PCS was prepared by water extracting-alcohol precipitating method, and its chemical compositions of monosaccharide were analyzed. Then, acute toxicity and anti-fatigue activity of PCS were evaluated. PCS is composed of Rha, Arab, Xyl, Man, Glu, and Gal, its molar ratio is 0.17: 0.30: 0.26: 0.35: 1.00: 0.57. No mortality and general symptoms of toxicity were observed in the PCS treated mice (7.5, 15, and 20g/kg body weight), the body weight and food consumption were not significantly changed compared with the normal control group...
April 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417558/the-tcn2-variant-of-rs9606756-ile23val-acts-as-risk-loci-for-obesity-related-traits-and-mediates-by-interacting-with-apo-a1
#8
Prashantha Hebbar, Fadi Alkayal, Rasheeba Nizam, Motasem Melhem, Naser Elkum, Sumi Elsa John, Mohamed Abufarha, Osama Alsmadi, Thangavel Alphonse Thanaraj
OBJECTIVE: Despite alarming obesity levels in the Arabian Peninsula, its population lacks convincingly identified genetic determinants of obesity. A genome-wide association study was performed for obesity-related anthropometric traits in Arabs and to decipher mechanisms by which the variants mediate traits. METHODS: The Illumina HumanOmniExpress BeadChip was used to genotype 1,353 Arab individuals (largely with Class I obesity) from Kuwait. Genome-wide association tests for obesity-related anthropometric traits were performed...
April 17, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417090/role-of-traditional-islamic-and-arabic-plants-in-cancer-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Adeeb Shehzad, Mastour Safer Al-Ghamdi
ETHNO PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This review article underlines individual Traditional Islamic and Arabic plant (TAI) and their role in treating cancer. The aim of the study is to specifically evaluate the progress of herbs, Arabic and Islamic traditional herbs in particular, applied in cancer treatment, so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Islamic and Arabic plants were selected and identified through different literature survey using "Google scholar", "Web of science", "Scopus" and "PubMed"...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417029/contraceptive-utilisation-among-mothers-of-reproductive-age-in-ajman-united-arab-emirates
#10
Naila Kanwal, Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Shatha Al-Sharbatti, Iman Ismail
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine contraceptive utilisation among mothers aged 18-49 years old in Ajman, United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from May to November 2013. A total of 400 participants were recruited from two primary healthcare centres and one private hospital in Ajman. An interviewer-administered validated questionnaire was used for data collection. RESULTS: The frequency of previous and current contraceptive use was 68...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416880/frying-of-rice-flour-dough-strands-containing-gum-arabic-texture-sensory-attributes-and-microstructure-of-products
#11
J Shanthilal, Suvendu Bhattacharya
The effects of rice flour (50-56%, w/w) and gum Arabic (0-5%, w/w) on the physical, sensory and structural features of the fried dough strands were investigated. Up to 25.8% reduction in oil was possible by the incorporation of gum Arabic. The wide variations in failure force (13.8-25.3 N) and failure strain (11.0-28.6%) indicated the formation of snacks varying in texture from a soft-to-bite brittle product to a hard-to-eat less brittle sample. The snacks possessed a porous microstructure with air cells, pores and vacuoles; the cell walls were more than 100 μm in thickness...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416788/characteristics-of-arabic-websites-with-information-on-autism
#12
Fahad M Alnemary, Faisal M Alnemary, Abdulrahman S Alamri, Yassar A Alamri
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of Arabic websites with information on autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: The word autism in Arabic was entered into 2 popular search engines in September 2013 to locate the top 80 websites featuring the term. Websites were sorted using 10 characteristics, previously used to evaluate the characteristics of English websites with information on ASD. RESULTS: Most websites were registered using a ...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416189/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-japanese-orthopedic-association-back-pain-evaluation-questionnaire-can-we-implement-it-in-saudi-arabia-study-design-cross-sectional-study
#13
Saud Mohammed Alfayez, Abdullah Nasser Bin Dous, Abdullah Abdulaziz Altowim, Qais Abdulmohsin Alrabiei, Bandar Obaid Alsubaie, Waleed Mohammad Awwad
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Orthopedic Association designed their back pain evaluation questionnaire (JOABPEQ) which was proven to be feasible, reliable and valid. The questionnaire's validity and reliability were confirmed when it was implemented in patients with different cultural background. Since the JOABPEQ still has not been utilized in any of the Arabic countries, we present the Arabic version with its validity and reliability. METHODS: After ensuring an optimal forward-backward translation of the JOABPEQ, the Arabic version was distributed among 151 patients visiting our clinics from December 2015 to February 2016...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413143/arab-american-health-in-a-racially-charged-u-s
#14
Nadia N Abuelezam, Abdulrahman M El-Sayed, Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408807/comparison-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-treated-by-palatal-expanders-with-patients-treated-by-fixed-orthodontic-appliances
#15
Mariana A Alghamdi, Nada J Farsi, Ali H Hassan
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Wearing orthodontic appliances may negatively affect a patient's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) physiologically, psychologically, and socially. Few studies have assessed the effect of palatal expanders on OHRQoL. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of palatal expanders on OHRQoL and to compare it with that of fixed orthodontic appliances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All adolescent and adult orthodontic patients who were undergoing treatment with fixed appliances or palatal expanders between July 2015 and January 2016 in King Abdulaziz University Orthodontc Dental Clinics, were recruited (n=399)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407720/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-knee-outcome-survey-activities-for-daily-living-scale
#16
Fawzi F Bouzubar, Sameera H Aljadi, Naser M Alotaibi, James J Irrgang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to cross-culturally adapt the Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living Scale into Arabic and to assess its psychometric properties (internal consistency, reliability, validity, and responsiveness) in patients with knee disorders. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation process for the Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living Scale into Arabic was performed consistent with the published guidelines. The psychometric properties of this Arabic version were then evaluated...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406962/ethnic-differences-in-association-of-high-body-mass-index-with-early-onset-of-type-1-diabetes-arab-ethnicity-as-case-study
#17
Arshad M Channanath, Naser Elkum, Dalia Al-Abdulrazzaq, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Azza Shaltout, Thangavel Alphonse Thanaraj
OBJECTIVE: The "accelerator hypothesis" predicts early onset of Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in heavier children. Studies testing direction of correlation between body mass index (BMI) and age at onset of T1D in different continental populations have reported differing results-inverse, direct, and neutral. Evaluating the correlation in diverse ethnic populations is required to generalize the accelerator hypothesis. METHODS: The study cohort comprised 474 Kuwaiti children of Arab ethnicity diagnosed with T1D at age 6 to 18 years during 2011-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406462/effectiveness-of-a-culturally-tailored-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-arab-american-men
#18
Linda G Haddad, Ahmad M Al-Bashaireh, Anastasiya V Ferrell, Roula Ghadban
To date, no smoking cessation programs are available for Arab American (ARA) men, who are a vulnerable population with high rates of smoking. Thus, the primary aim of this one group pre-test/post-test study was to assess the effectiveness of Sehatack-a culturally and linguistically tailored smoking cessation program for ARA men. The study sample was 79 ARA men with a mean age of 43 years who smoked between 5 and 40 cigarettes (mean = 19.75, SD = 9.1) per day (98.7%). All of the participants reported more interest in smoking cessation post-intervention and many of the participants in the baseline (38...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406108/specialty-preferences-and-motivating-factors-a-national-survey-on-medical-students-from-five-uae-medical-schools
#19
Mahera Abdulrahman, Maryam Makki, Sami Shaaban, Maryam Al Shamsi, Manda Venkatramana, Nabil Sulaiman, Manal M Sami, Dima K Abdelmannan, AbdulJabbar M A Salih, Laila AlShaer
BACKGROUND: Workforce planning is critical for being able to deliver appropriate health service and thus is relevant to medical education. It is, therefore, important to understand medical students' future specialty choices and the factors that influence them. This study was conducted to identify, explore, and analyze the factors influencing specialty preferences among medical students of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A multiyear, multicenter survey of medical student career choice was conducted with all five UAE medical schools...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402488/evaluation-of-the-24-hour-recall-as-a-reference-instrument-for-calibrating-other-self-report-instruments-in-nutritional-cohort-studies-evidence-from-the-validation-studies-pooling-project
#20
Laurence S Freedman, John M Commins, Walter Willett, Lesley F Tinker, Donna Spiegelman, Donna Rhodes, Nancy Potischman, Marian L Neuhouser, Alanna J Moshfegh, Victor Kipnis, David J Baer, Lenore Arab, Ross L Prentice, Amy F Subar
Calibrating dietary self-report instruments is recommended as a way to adjust for measurement error when estimating diet-disease associations. Because biomarkers available for calibration are limited, most investigators use self-reports (e.g., 24-hour recalls (24HRs)) as the reference instrument. We evaluated the performance of 24HRs as reference instruments for calibrating food frequency questionnaires (FFQs), using data from the Validation Studies Pooling Project, comprising 5 large validation studies using recovery biomarkers...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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