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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933305/epidemiology-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#1
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, Ahmad Qawas
Background/ Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease which has become a major global public health issue. This systematic review summarized epidemiological studies related to the prevalence, risk factors, complications, incidence, knowledge, attitude and practices of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among Arab population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, Wiley online library, and other local journals were searched to identify relevant literature using appropriate keywords to retrieve studies conducted in the UAE...
September 20, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932140/evaluation-of-crestal-bone-resorption-around-cylindrical-and-conical-implants-following-6-months-of-loading-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Naser Sargolzaie, Hamid Reza Arab, Marzieh Mohammadi Moghaddam
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the effect of implant body form (cylindrical and conical implants) on crestal bone levels during 6 months' follow-up after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 SPI implants (19 conical implants/13 cylindrical implants) were randomly placed in 12 male patients using a submerged approach. None of the patients had compromising medical conditions or parafunctional habits. Periapical radiographs using the parallel technique were taken after clinical loading and 6 months later...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931388/progress-and-outcomes-of-health-systems-reform-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-systematic-review
#3
Erik Koornneef, Paul Robben, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) government aspires to build a world class health system to improve the quality of healthcare and the health outcomes for its population. To achieve this it has implemented extensive health system reforms in the past 10 years. The nature, extent and success of these reforms has not recently been comprehensively reviewed. In this paper we review the progress and outcomes of health systems reform in the UAE. METHODS: We searched relevant databases and other sources to identify published and unpublished studies and other data available between 01 January 2002 and 31 March 2016...
September 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931094/ethnicity-and-skin-autofluorescence-based-risk-engines-for-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Muhammad Saeed Ahmad, Torben Kimhofer, Sultan Ahmad, Mohammed Nabil AlAma, Hala Hisham Mosli, Salwa Ibrahim Hindawi, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Katarína Šebeková, Zoheir Abdullah Damanhouri, Elaine Holmes
Skin auto fluorescence (SAF) is used as a proxy for the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and has been proposed to stratify patients into cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) risk groups. This study evaluates the effects of seven different ethnicities (Arab, Central-East African, Eastern Mediterranean, European, North African, South Asian and Southeast Asian) and gender on SAF as well as validating SAF assessment as a risk estimation tool for CVD and DM in an Arabian cohort...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930753/camel-milk-attenuates-rheumatoid-arthritis-via-inhibition-of-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-pathway
#5
Hany H Arab, Samir A Salama, Tamer M Abdelghany, Hany A Omar, El-Shaimaa A Arafa, Majed M Alrobaian, Ibrahim A Maghrabi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Camel milk (CM) has shown beneficial anti-inflammatory actions in several experimental and clinical settings. So far, its effect on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been previously explored. Thus, the current work aimed to evaluate the effects of CM in Adjuvant-induced arthritis and air pouch edema models in rats, which mimic human RA. METHODS: CM was administered at 10 ml/kg orally for 3 weeks starting on the day of Freund's adjuvant paw inoculation...
September 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927515/personal-and-perceived-depression-stigma-among-arab-adolescents-associations-with-depression-severity-and-personal-characteristics
#6
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: In Arab communities, the selection, utilization, and attitudes towards mental health services are substantially affected by existing mental illness stigma. However, little is known about how the stigma of depression manifests among Arab adolescents, which makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective anti-stigma interventions for this vulnerable population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine levels of depression stigma among Arab adolescents...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927391/grand-multiparity-and-the-possible-risk-of-adverse-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-dilemma-to-be-deciphered
#7
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Gehan H Ibrahim, Amel A Fayed, Hazem Al-Mandeel
BACKGROUND: The relation between grand multiparity (GMP) and the possible adverse pregnancy outcomes is not well identified. GMP (parity ≥5 births) frequently occurs in the Arab nations; therefore, this study aimed to identify the correlation between GMP and the different adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in the Saudi population. METHOD: This cohort study was conducted on a total of 3327 women from the labour ward in King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923110/development-of-an-arabic-inpatient-satisfaction-survey-application-in-acute-medical-rehabilitation-setting-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Ahmed Aboabat, Hazem Qannam
BACKGROUND: In the management of chronic disease, evidence suggests that satisfied patients exhibit more loyalty to treatment providers and greater adherence to treatment regimens. This is particularly so in the rehabilitation setting. We aimed to develop a reliable and valid Arabic-language survey to objectively measure inpatient satisfaction in medical rehabilitation settings in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The King Fahad Medical City Rehabilitation Hospital Patient Satisfaction Survey (RH PSS) is a self-administered survey that addresses four domains of rehabilitation care: access, structure, process, and outcomes...
September 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918704/professionalism-among-multicultural-medical-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#9
Mahera Abdulrahman, Shahd Alsalehi, Zahra S M Husain, Satish C Nair, Frederick Robert Carrick
BACKGROUND: Moral competencies and ethical practices of medical professionals are among the desired outcomes of academic training. Unfortunately, academic dishonesty and misconduct are reported from medical colleges across the world. This study investigates the level of academic dishonesty/misconduct among multicultural medical students. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the level of academic dishonesty/misconduct among multicultural medical students...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915937/ultra-high-performance-supercritical-fluid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-procedure-for-analysis-of-monosaccharides-from-plant-gum-binders
#10
Volodymyr Pauk, Tomáš Pluháček, Vladimír Havlíček, Karel Lemr
The ultra-high performance supercritical fluid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UHPSFC/MS) procedure for analysis of native monosaccharides was developed. Chromatographic conditions were investigated to separate a mixture of four hexoses, three pentoses, two deoxyhexoses and two uronic acids. Increasing water content in methanol modifier to 5% and formic acid to 4% improved peak shapes of neutral monosaccharides and allowed complete elution of highly polar uronic acids in a single run. An Acquity HSS C18SB column outperformed other three tested stationary phases (BEH (silica), BEH 2-ethylpyridine, CSH Fluoro-Phenyl) in terms of separation of isomers and analysis time (4...
October 9, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915859/the-fto-gene-polymorphism-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-egyptian-females-a-case-control-study
#11
Mina S Khella, Nadia M Hamdy, Ashraf I Amin, Hala O El-Mesallamy
BACKGROUND: Variations within fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene had crosstalk with obesity risk in European and some Asian populations. This study was designed to investigate FTO rs9939609 association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) as well as biochemical parameters as plasma glucose, serum triacylglycerol (TAG), total cholesterol (TC) and transaminases enzymes in Arab female population from Egypt. METHODS: In order to achieve that, FTO gene rs9939609 (A < T) was genotyped using TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assay in a total of 197 females which were enrolled in this study...
September 16, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903797/prevalence-of-anti-hepatitis-b-surface-antibodies-among-children-and-adolescents-vaccinated-in-infancy-and-effect-of-booster-dose-administered-within-a-pilot-study
#12
R Bassal, M P Markovich, M Weil, E Shinar, Y Carmeli, M Dan, D Sofer, E Mendelson, D Cohen, T Shohat
We determined the prevalence of anti-hepatitis B surface antibodies (anti-HBs) among children and adolescents vaccinated for hepatitis B virus in infancy as part of the routine vaccination programme. A representative serum sample of the Israeli population age 0-19 was tested. In a separate pilot study, a booster dose of hepatitis B vaccine was administered to 31 candidates for national service, who were fully vaccinated in infancy and tested negative for hepatitis B surface antibodies at age 17-19 years and anti-HBs antibodies were assessed 8 weeks later...
September 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902913/identification-of-diverse-viruses-in-upper-respiratory-samples-in-dromedary-camels-from-united-arab-emirates
#13
Yan Li, Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Clinton R Paden, Mohammed F Yusof, Yassir M Eltahir, Zulaikha M Al Hammadi, Ying Tao, Krista Queen, Farida Al Hosani, Susan I Gerber, Aron J Hall, Salama Al Muhairi, Suxiang Tong
Camels are known carriers for many viral pathogens, including Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). It is likely that there are additional, as yet unidentified viruses in camels with the potential to cause disease in humans. In this study, we performed metagenomic sequencing analysis on nasopharyngeal swab samples from 108 MERS-CoV-positive dromedary camels from a live animal market in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. We obtained a total of 846.72 million high-quality reads from these nasopharyngeal swab samples, of which 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902460/arabic-validation-of-the-tinnitus-handicap-inventory-and-the-mini-tinnitus-questionnaire-on-100-adult-patients
#14
Marc El Beaino, Elie Eter
Arabic formats of tinnitus questionnaires are needed to provide clinicians and researchers responsive and reliable tools to assess tinnitus. Arabic versions of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and the Mini-Tinnitus Questionnaire are established. Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Mini-Tinnitus Questionnaire are reliable and valid tools for tinnitus assessment. Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Mini-Tinnitus Questionnaire are correlated. Mini-Tinnitus Questionnaire is a quicker and more compact method of evaluating tinnitus compared to Tinnitus Handicap Inventory...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902093/bile-acid-synthesis-disorders-in-arabs-a-10-year-screening-study
#15
Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini, Kenneth D R Setchell, Bader AlSaleem, James E Heubi, Khurram Lone, Anne Davit-Spraul, Emmanuel Jacquemin
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis of bile acid synthesis disorders (BASD) is important because, untreated, these conditions can be fatal. Our objectives were to screen children with cholestasis or unexplained liver disease for BASD and in those with confirmed BASD to evaluate the effectiveness of cholic acid therapy. METHODS: A routine serum total bile acid measurement was performed on children with cholestasis, liver cirrhosis, and liver failure. Patients were screened for BASD by fast atom bombardment ionization-mass spectrometry (FAB-MS) analysis of urine, and molecular analysis confirmed diagnosis...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900819/a-homozygous-pigo-mutation-associated-with-severe-infantile-epileptic-encephalopathy-and-corpus-callosum-hypoplasia-but-normal-alkaline-phosphatase-levels
#16
Yoav Zehavi, Anja von Renesse, Etty Daniel-Spiegel, Yonatan Sapir, Luci Zalman, Ilana Chervinsky, Markus Schuelke, Rachel Straussberg, Ronen Spiegel
We describe two sisters from a consanguineous Arab family with global developmental delay, dystrophy, axial hypotonia, epileptic encephalopathy dominated by intractable complex partial seizures that were resistant to various anti-epileptic treatments. Dysmorphic features comprised low set ears, hypertelorism, upslanting palpebral fissures, a broad nasal bridge, and blue sclera with elongated eyelashes. Brain MRI in both children showed a corpus callosum hypoplasia that was evident already in utero and evolving cortical atrophy...
September 13, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900478/esophageal-cancer-in-israel-has-unique-clinico-pathological-features-a-retrospective-study
#17
Michal Sarfaty, Esty Lankry, Assaf Moore, Noga Kurman, Ofer Purim, Yulia Kundel, Irit Ben-Aharon, Gali Perl, Olga Ulitsky, Noa Gordon, Aaron Sulkes, Nikolai Menasherov, Hanoch Kashtan, Baruch Brenner
Introduction: Data regarding esophageal cancer (EC) in Israel are limited. The aim of this study was hence to characterize this entity in the Israeli population and to compare it to the literature. Patients/Methods: This is a retrospective study of all consecutive EC patients treated at our institution between 1997-2013. Data were retrieved from patients' medical files. Results: Two hundred patients were included. The median age at diagnosis was 70.5 years; 63.5% were males; 63% were Ashkenazi Jews, 29% were Sephardic Jews, and 0...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899241/the-syrian-refugee-crisis-what-nurses-need-to-know
#18
Esmihan Almontaser, Steven L Baumann
The civil war in Syria that began in 2011 has displaced millions of Syrians of all ages. While the number that have arrived in the United States is small in comparison to many other countries, it is important that nurses and other healthcare workers here understand that many of them have faced considerable trauma and endured stresses. Most of them are Muslims. Muslims in the United States and elsewhere represent a heterogeneous group of people with a long intellectual and cultural history. Islamic cultural patterns do pose unique barriers to a primarily Anglo-Saxon medical system that medical practitioners need to consider in order to avoid misunderstanding and provide culturally sensitive care...
April 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899096/physical-and-rheological-properties-of-a-novel-emulsifier-frost-grape-polysaccharide-fgp-from-vitis-riparia-michx
#19
William T Hay, Steven F Vaughn, Jeffrey A Byars, Gordon W Selling, Derek M Holthaus, Neil P J Price
A novel emulsifier, Frost grape polysaccharide (FGP), isolated from natural exudate of the species Vitis riparia Michx, was physically and rheologically characterized. The determination of the physical, structural, thermodynamic, emulsification and rheological properties of FGP provide essential details for the commercial adoption of this novel plant polysaccharide. FGP is capable of producing exceptionally stable emulsions when compared with the industrially ubiquitous gum arabic (GA). The FGP isolate contained a negligible amount of nitrogen (0...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894539/prevalence-risk-factors-and-character-of-abdominal-hernia-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#20
Abdulmajeed AhmedAlenazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Malik Azhar Hussain, Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani, Nour Homoud Alanazi, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernias are a very common surgical condition affecting all ages and both sexes. The main risk factors of hernias include pregnancy, weight lifting, constipation, and weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of abdominal hernias, their causes, treatment and complications among both sexes of the Arar population (Saudi Arabia). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,567 adults living in Arar city in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
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