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Amani Abu-Shaheen, Shehu Yousef, Muhammad Riaz, Abdullah Nofal, Sarfaraz Khan, Humariya Heena
Diagnosis of neuropathic pain (NP) can be challenging. The ID Pain (ID-P) questionnaire, a screening tool for NP, has been used widely both in the original version and translated forms. The aim of this study was to develop an Arabic version of ID-P and assess its validity and reliability in detecting neuropathic pain. The original ID-P was translated in Arabic language and administered to the study population. Reliability of the Arabic version was evaluated by percentage observed agreement, and Cohen's kappa; and validity by sensitivity, specificity, correctly classified, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve...
2018: PloS One
Mustafa Afifi
OBJECTIVE: To find the association of Empathy, Self-Efficacy, and/or Hope with readiness for lifelong learning among medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2016 at Ras Al-Khaimah Medical and Health Sciences University in the United Arab Emirates, and comprised medical students from all five years. A self-reporting questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data .Standard scales and analysis of variance test were used to compare the mean scores of different variables for different groups...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Jordana Salma, Kathleen F Hunter, Linda Ogilvie, Norah Keating
Background Arab immigrants have increasing rates of stroke and uncontrolled stroke risk factors coupled with minimal resources for stroke prevention. Purpose This article describes the results of an interpretive descriptive study about Arab immigrant women's experiences of practicing stroke prevention. We use an intersectionality approach to discuss some of the factors that influenced women's ability to manage their health. Methods Sixteen middle-aged and older Arab Muslim immigrant women were recruited between 2015 and 2016 from two religious centers in an urban Canadian center...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
Leila Itani, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Dima Kreidieh, Germine El Kassas, Dana El Masri, Hana Tannir, Aya Harfoush, Marwan El Ghoch
Few studies have thus far been carried out on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and obesity in Arab-speaking countries, an issue that we therefore set out to investigate in this study. HRQoL was assessed by the validated Arabic version of the ORWELL 97 questionnaire in 129 treatment-seeking individuals with obesity referred to the Nutritional and Weight Management Outpatient Clinic at the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics of Beirut Arab University (BAU) in Lebanon, and 129 normal-weight participants of similar age and gender...
March 13, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Souheil Hallit, Rabih Hallit, Marie-Claude Daher, Dory Hachem, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although the rates of depression and anxiety disorders have been shown to be higher in older people, especially those living in institutional settings, most of this population remains undiagnosed and untreated. The objective is to translate the full-scale Geriatric Depression Scale (30 items, GDS) into Arabic for use in elderly patients in Lebanon, to check its validity and reproducibility in comparison to the original version of the questionnaire, and assess the risk factors associated with depression in the Lebanese geriatric population...
March 13, 2018: Psychopathology
Aaron Parkhurst
In light of increasingly high rates of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity among citizens of the Arabian Gulf, popular health discourse in the region has emphasised the emergent Arab genome as the primary etiological basis of major health conditions. However, after many years of public dissemination of genomic knowledge in the region, and widespread acceptance of this knowledge among Gulf Arab citizens, the rates of chronic illness continue to increase. This paper briefly explores the clash between indigenous Islamic knowledge systems and biomedical knowledge systems imported into the United Arab Emirates...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Carole Ayoub Moubareck, Shaimaa F Mouftah, Tibor Pál, Akela Ghazawi, Dalal H Halat, Anju Nabi, Mouza A AlSharhan, Zulfa O AlDeesi, Christabel C Peters, Handan Celiloglu, Manjunath Sannegowda, Dolla K Sarkis, Ágnes Sonnevend
Few studies have addressed the molecular epidemiology of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolates in the Arabian Peninsula, and such investigations have been missing from Dubai, a major economical, tourism and medical centre of the region. The antibiotic susceptibility, the carbapenemase type produced, and the clonality of 89 CRE strains isolated in five major Dubai hospitals in June 2015 - June 2016 were determined. Thirty three percent of the collection of 70 K. pneumoniae, 13 E. coli and 6 other Enterobacteriaceae were extremely drug resistant, 27% were resistant to colistin, and 4...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Alicia Brueggemann, Sara Gable
This brief report addresses preschoolers' selective sustained attention (SSA) and early numeracy skills and knowledge. Past research indicates that children's attention and early numeracy are positively associated, yet some concerns have emerged about the age appropriateness of tools used to measure preschoolers' SSA. This study used a new measure-the Track-It Task-that demonstrates strong psychometric properties. In total, 31 at-risk preschoolers (Mage  = 46.6 months) participated and were assessed on SSA, nonsymbolic quantity discrimination, and symbolic quantitative skills and knowledge...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Hussein Soudy, Irfan Maghfoor, Tusneem Ahmed M Elhassan, Eman Abdullah, Shahzad M Rauf, Ahmed Al Zahrani, Saad Akhtar
BACKGROUND: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant (FACT-BMT) has been translated from English into several languages. Currently, there is no validated translation of FACT-BMT in Arabic. Here, we are reporting the first Arabic translation and validation of the FACT-BMT. METHODS: The study was approved by the Institutional Research Advisory Council. The Arabic translation followed the standard Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT...
March 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Afaf AlBlooshi, Alia AlKalbani, Hassib Narchi, Sania Al-Hamad, Mohammed Al-Houqani, Ghaya AlBadi, Abdul-Kader Souid, Graham L Hall
BACKGROUND: The forced oscillation technique (FOT) allows the quantification of respiratory function, does not require active cooperation and as such is ideally suited for use in young children. The application of the FOT in non-Caucasian populations is limited and it remains unclear if current reference ranges for the FOT in Caucasian children are appropriate for children in the Arabian Peninsula. This study explored the use of the FOT in healthy school-aged children in the United Arab Emirates (UAE)...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Nizar Andria, Ali Nassar, Fabio Kusniec, Diab Ghanim, Dahud Qarawani, Erez Kachel, Khaled Taha, Offer Amir, Shemy Carasso
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) has known risk factors. Individual risks related to specific ethnicities are complex and depend on genetic predisposition and lifestyle. OBJECTIVES: To compare the nature and prevalence of risk factors in Arab and non-Arab ethnic patients with symptomatic obstructive CAD referred for coronary angiography. METHODS: CAD, defined as coronary angiography with a ≥ 50% narrowing in ≥ 1 vessel, was diagnosed in 1029 patients admitted to a medical center between April 2014 and October 2015...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Yasmine Ghantous, Sharon Akrish, Yoav Leiser, Imad Abu El-Naaj
BACKGROUND: Several types of human papillomavirus (HPV) have been found to be associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Still, the significance of HPV infection and its relationship to patient prognosis remains an important matter of debate. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of HPV infection in OSCC patients in northern Israel populations to determine its role in the etiology and prognosis of OSCC. METHODS: OSCC tissues were gathered from the pathology departments at Rambam and Padeh medical centers in northern Israel...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
M Abu El-Hamd
The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the once-daily use of 5 mg tadalafil in the treatment of patients with premature ejaculation (PE). In a single-blind placebo-controlled clinical study, it was carried out on 100 patients with PE. All patients were randomised equally divided into two groups (50 patients each). Group 1 was given placebo in the form of oral multivitamin tablet once a day for 6 weeks. Group 2 was given 5 mg tadalafil once a day for 6 weeks. All patients were asked to complete Arabic Index of Premature Ejaculation (AIPE) before and after the treatment...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
Jeong-Im Han, Sujin Oh
This study examined two possible sources of asymmetrical lexical access: phonetic proximity to the nearest L1 category and orthographic information. Three groups of native Korean speakers learned Arabic non-words with sound pairs with/without an L1-dominant category (/l-r/ vs. /χ-ħ/), and then their phonetic categorization and lexical encoding abilities were evaluated. One group was presented with the same letters for the target pair (e.g., <l> for both /l/ and /r/), the second group, different letters (e...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Farida Almarzooqi, Aysha Alkhemeiri, Ahmed Aljaberi, Rayhan Hashmey, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Abdul-Kader Souid
OBJECTIVES: Intense migrations from tuberculosis endemic areas to Gulf countries create special risks to people in the region. The purpose of this study is to provide data that could justify implementing a universal, regular TB screening in UAE. DESIGN: This prospective, cross-sectional study used interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) to screen for TB among Emirati citizens between August-2016 and May-2017; expatriates were not included in this study. Participants were recruited from Emiratis attending Tawam Hospital Polyclinics for problems unrelated to TB risk assessment...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Claudia Pelosi, Giuseppe Capobianco, Giorgia Agresti, Giuseppe Bonifazi, Fabio Morresi, Sara Rossi, Ulderico Santamaria, Silvia Serranti
The aim of this work is to investigate the stability to simulated solar radiation of some paintings samples through a new methodological approach adopting non-invasive spectroscopic techniques. In particular, commercial watercolours and iron oxide based pigments were used, these last ones being prepared for the experimental by gum Arabic in order to propose a possible substitute for traditional reintegration materials. Reflectance spectrophotometry in the visible range and Hyperspectral Imaging in the short wave infrared were chosen as non-invasive techniques for evaluation the stability to irradiation of the chosen pigments...
March 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Tiffany B Kindratt, Florence J Dallo, Juliette Roddy
Using 15 years (2000-2014) of restricted cross-sectional National Health Interview Survey data (n = 276,914), we estimated and compared the age-adjusted and sex-specific prevalence of cigarette smoking between US- and foreign-born Europeans and Arab Americans and examined associations between ethnicity and current smoking. Arab Americans were categorized as non-Hispanic Whites born in 15 countries located in the Middle East. Current smoking, average cigarettes per day, and quit attempts were compared. Collectively, we found that current smoking was highest among males compared to females...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Abdelhafidh Hajjej, Wassim Y Almawi, Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Lasmar Hattab, Slama Hmida
This is the first genetic anthropology study on Arabs in MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region. The present meta-analysis included 100 populations from 36 Arab and non-Arab communities, comprising 16,006 individuals, and evaluates the genetic profile of Arabs using HLA class I (A, B) and class II (DRB1, DQB1) genes. A total of 56 Arab populations comprising 10,283 individuals were selected from several databases, and were compared with 44 Mediterranean, Asian, and sub-Saharan populations. The most frequent alleles in Arabs are A*01, A*02, B*35, B*51, DRB1*03:01, DRB1*07:01, DQB1*02:01, and DQB1*03:01, while DRB1*03:01-DQB1*02:01 and DRB1*07:01-DQB1*02:02 are the most frequent class II haplotypes...
2018: PloS One
Shokouhsadat Hamedi, Masoud Honarvar
BACKGROUND: Beta vulgaris (family: Chenopodiacea) is now much used in the food industry as a rich source of sugar but it is much less considered in medicine. Beet has been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years to treat a variety of diseases such as constipation, decreased libido, gut and joint pain and dandruff. METHODS: This study introduced the benefits of Beta vulgaris by reviewing of Iranian traditional documents from 10th century until now and also compared modern phytotherapy of plant beet from the electronic data banks such as ISI, Pub Med and Scopus with findings that extracted from traditional literature...
March 8, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Rana Ahmed, Ryan Robinson, Asma Elsony, Rachael Thomson, S Bertel Squire, Rasmus Malmborg, Peter Burney, Kevin Mortimer
INTRODUCTION: Data collection using paper-based questionnaires can be time consuming and return errors affect data accuracy, completeness, and information quality in health surveys. We compared smartphone and paper-based data collection systems in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study in rural Sudan. METHODS: This exploratory pilot study was designed to run in parallel with the cross-sectional household survey. The Open Data Kit was used to programme questionnaires in Arabic into smartphones...
2018: PloS One
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