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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905656/-persistent-elevation-of-aspartate-aminotransferase-ast-due-to-the-presence-of-macro-ast-report-of-one-case
#1
Verónica Bustamante, Juan Pablo Arab, Florencia Terc, Helena Poggi, Manuela Goycoolea, Marco Arrese, Teresita Quiroga, Carlos Benítez
We report an asymptomatic 23-year-old woman with an isolated and persistent increase in serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST). An extensive work up including laboratory and image testing revealed no abnormalities thus suggesting the presence of macro-AST. A polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation assay was performed and confirmed the presence of macro-AST.
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904724/analysis-of-sacrococcygeal-morphology-in-koreans-using-computed-tomography
#2
Min Geun Yoon, Myung-Sang Moon, Bong Keun Park, Hohyoung Lee, Dong-Hyeon Kim
BACKGROUND: The sacrococcygeal morphology of Arabs and Europeans has been studied using computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging to determine the cause of coccydynia. Studies have suggested differences in sacrococcygeal morphology among ethnic groups. However, there are no data on the sacrococcygeal anatomy of Koreans. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 606 pelvic CT scans that were taken at Cheju Halla General Hospital between 2008 and 2014...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895808/mendelian-inheritance-of-trimodal-cpg-methylation-sites-suggests-distal-cis-acting-genetic-effects
#3
Shaza B Zaghlool, Mashael Al-Shafai, Wadha A Al Muftah, Pankaj Kumar, Christian Gieger, Melanie Waldenberger, Mario Falchi, Karsten Suhre
BACKGROUND: Environmentally influenced phenotypes, such as obesity and insulin resistance, can be transmitted over multiple generations. Epigenetic modifications, such as methylation of DNA cytosine-guanine (CpG) pairs, may be carriers of inherited information. At the population level, the methylation state of such "heritable" CpG sites is expected to follow a trimodal distribution, and their mode of inheritance should be Mendelian. METHODS: Using the Illumina Infinium 450 K DNA methylation array, we determined DNA CpG-methylation in blood cells from a family cohort 123 individuals of Arab ethnicity, including 18 elementary father-mother-child trios, we asked whether Mendelian inheritance of CpG methylation is observed, and most importantly, whether it is independent of any genetic signals...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893670/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-lebanon-a-systematic-review
#4
Hussein Abou-Abbass, Hisham Bahmad, Hiba Ghandour, Jawad Fares, Rayyan Wazzi-Mkahal, Basel Yacoub, Hala Darwish, Stefania Mondello, Hayat Harati, Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Firas Kobeissy
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating medical and emerging public health problem that is affecting people worldwide due to a multitude of factors including both domestic and war-related acts. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the status of TBI in Lebanon - a Middle Eastern country with a weak health system that was chartered by several wars and intermittent outbursts of violence - in order to identify the present gaps in knowledge, direct future research initiatives and to assist policy makers in planning progressive and rehabilitative policies...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893224/the-influence-of-a-word-s-number-of-letters-spatial-extent-and-initial-bigram-characteristics-on-eye-movement-control-during-reading-evidence-from-arabic
#5
Ehab W Hermena, Simon P Liversedge, Denis Drieghe
The authors conducted 2 eye movement experiments in which they used the typographical and linguistic properties of Arabic to disentangle the influences of words' number of letters and spatial extent on measures of fixation duration and saccade targeting (Experiment 1), and to investigate the influence of initial bigram characteristics on saccade targeting during reading (Experiment 2). In the first experiment, through the use of a proportional font, which is more natural-looking in Arabic compared to monospaced fonts, the authors manipulated the number of letters (5 vs...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889075/abundance-and-composition-of-juvenile-corals-reveals-divergent-trajectories-for-coral-assemblages-across-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Morgan S Pratchett, Andrew H Baird, Andrew G Bauman, John A Burt
Marked shifts in the composition of coral assemblages are occurring at many locations, but it is unknown whether these are permanent shifts reinforced by patterns of population replenishment. This study examined the composition of juvenile coral assemblages across the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Densities of juvenile corals varied significantly among locations, but were highest where coral cover was highest. Juvenile coral assemblages within the Persian Gulf were dominated by Porites, while no Acropora were recorded...
November 23, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888096/development-validation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-orofacial-esthetic-scale-oes-ar
#7
Mohammed Nasser Alhajj, Abdullah Ghalib Amran, Esam Halboub, Abdulghani Ali Al-Basmi, Fawaz Abdullah Al-Ghabri
PURPOSE: This study aimed at developing the Arabic version of the Orofacial Esthetic Scale (OES-Ar) and to investigate its psychometric properties among Arabic-speaking population with and without esthetic impairments. METHODS: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation was done according to the standard guidelines. Internal consistency was assessed on 230 participants. For test-retest reliability, 50 subjects with natural teeth were recalled within a period of 2 weeks...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887649/postpartum-depression-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory-a-longitudinal-study-in-bethlehem
#8
Sara Qandil, Samah Jabr, Stefan Wagler, Simon M Collin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women from different cultures around the world. No previous studies have investigated PPD among women in Palestine. Fertility rates in Palestine are among the highest in the world, hence even low rates of PPD could have considerable national impact. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, PPD among Palestinian mothers. METHODS: 101 mothers were recruited during the registration of their child's birth (within 1 week) at the Bethlehem branch of the Ministry of Interior...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885788/barriers-to-live-donor-kidney-transplants-in-the-pediatric-population-a-single-center-experience
#9
Shibany P Taormina, Matthew P Galloway, Amrish Jain
A decrease in live donor pediatric kidney transplants has occurred in the United States. This study investigates barriers that may influence access to live donor kidney transplants in children. Retrospective chart review was conducted for 91 children (69% male, mean age 11.9 years) who underwent pretransplant workup from 2005 to 2015 at an urban pediatric hospital. Fifty-four percent were African American, 32% Caucasian, 8% Arabic, 3% Hispanic, and 3% Others. Government-sponsored insurance (Medicaid/Medicare) was utilized by 73%, and 54% had dual caregivers...
November 25, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885157/arab-american-adolescents-perceived-stress-and-bullying-experiences-a-qualitative-study
#10
Maha Albdour, Linda Lewin, Karen Kavanaugh, Jun Sung Hong, Feleta Wilson
In 2012, 20% of high school students were bullied in the United States. Bullying is more prevalent among minority populations. Arab American adolescents receive little research attention and are described as the invisible population. This descriptive qualitative study was conducted with 10 Arab American adolescent bullying victims to describe their bullying experiences and related stress. In addition to being bullied because of health problems or social disadvantages, Arab American adolescents reported that they were bullied because of their ethnic/racial background and religious affiliation...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885069/exploring-family-stigma-among-caregivers-of-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-the-experiences-of-israeli-arab-caregivers
#11
Hanan Abojabel, Perla Werner
Providing care to persons with Alzheimer's disease poses challenges for spouses and adult children, including experiencing stigmatic beliefs towards themselves-i.e., family stigma. Drawing on the frameworks of ethnicity and stigma and ethnicity and dementia, the current study explored stigmatic experiences among Israeli Arab family caregivers of a person with Alzheimer's disease. Three focus groups with 20 caregivers (adult children and spouses) of persons with Alzheimer's disease were conducted. Data were analyzed using theory-led thematic analysis...
November 24, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884509/serious-physical-violence-among-arab-palestinian-adolescents-the-role-of-exposure-to-neighborhood-violence-perceived-ethnic-discrimination-normative-beliefs-and-parental-communication
#12
Adeem Ahmad Massarwi, Mona Khoury-Kassabri
This study adopted a social-ecological perspective to exploring perpetration of serious physical violence against others among Arab-Palestinian adolescents. A total of 3178 adolescents (aged 13-18) completed anonymous, structured, self-report questionnaire, which included selected items from several instruments that measured variables relating to the constructs examined in the study. We explored the association of individual characteristics (age, gender, normative beliefs about violence, and perceived ethnic discrimination), familial characteristics (parent-adolescent communication and socioeconomic status), and contextual characteristics (exposure to community violence in the neighborhood) with perpetration of serious physical violence against others...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884087/a-protease-peptidase-from-culture-medium-of-flammulina-velutipes-that-acts-on-arabinogalactan-protein
#13
Yoshihisa Yoshimi, Yumi Sugawara, Chiaki Hori, Kiyohiko Igarashi, Satoshi Kaneko, Yoichi Tsumuraya, Toshihisa Kotake
Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) are highly diverse plant proteoglycans found on the plant cell surface. AGPs have large arabinogalactan (AG) moieties attached to a core-protein rich in hydroxyproline (Hyp). The AG undergoes hydrolysis by various glycoside hydrolases, most of which have been identified, whereas the core-proteins is presumably degraded by unknown proteases/peptidases secreted from fungi and bacteria in nature. Although several enzymes hydrolyzing other Hyp-rich proteins are known, the enzymes acting on the core-proteins of AGPs remain to be identified...
November 25, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882391/-palliative-care-for-patients-with-turkish-or-arabic-migration-background-in-lower-saxony-a%C3%A2-survey-from-palliative-care-professionals-perspective
#14
Maximiliane Jansky, Sonja Owusu-Boakye, Friedemann Nauck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People with a migration background (MB) are an important part of German society. If and how they use specialised palliative care (SPC) has not been studied. We aimed to assess the current SPC for patients with Turkish or Arabic MB (the largest group of immigrants in Germany with a shared ascribed culture) from the point of view of healthcare professionals (HCP) in Lower Saxony. METHOD: All HCPs in institutions providing SPC (n = 90) were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey which contained closed and open questions about care for this patient group, characteristics of the last patient with Turkish or Arabic MB they cared for, and resources and strategies to care for these patients...
November 23, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881842/the-investigation-of-the-origin-of-southern-tunisians-using-hla-genes
#15
Abdelhafidh Hajjej, Wassim Y Almawi, Lasmar Hattab, Amel El-Gaaied, Slama Hmida
The south of Tunisia is characterized by marked ethnic diversity, highlighted by the coexistence of native Berbers with Blacks, Jews and Arab-speaking populations. Despite this heterogeneity, genetic anthropology studies investigating the origin of current Southern Tunisians were rarely reported. We examined human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I (A, B) and class II (DRB1, DQB1) gene profiles of 250 unrelated Southern Tunisians, and compared them with those of Arab-speaking communities, along with Mediterranean and sub-Sahara African populations using genetic distances, neighbor-joining dendrograms, correspondence and haplotype analysis...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881275/the-living-with-medicines-questionnaire-translation-and-cultural-adaptation-into-the-arabic-context
#16
Amani Zidan, Ahmed Awaisu, Sanah Hasan, Nadir Kheir
BACKGROUND: The Living with Medicines Questionnaire (LMQ) was developed in English language to assess, from a patient's perspective, issues related to the burden resulting from the use of medicines. OBJECTIVES: To translate and culturally adapt the LMQ into the Arabic language and context. METHODS: Permission to translate the LMQ was obtained from the original developers, and a protocol for its translation and cultural adaptation was developed using the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guidelines for the translation and cultural adaptation of patient-reported outcome measures...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878780/a-pilot-study-using-lactulose-in-management-of-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-children-with-extrahepatic-portal-vein-obstruction
#17
Hanaa Mostafa El-Karaksy, Omneya Afifi, Azza Bakry, Ann Abdel Kader, Noha Saber
BACKGROUND: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is not associated with overt neuropsychiatric symptoms but rather with subtle changes in psychometric and/or neurophysiologic tests. We aimed to diagnose MHE in children with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and to evaluate the effect of lactulose on MHE. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out on 30 patients with EHPVO (21 males; mean age 10±2.5 years). The study was carried out in the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Pediatric Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, between 2011 and 2013...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878139/compound-heterozygous-ldlr-variant-in-severely-affected-familial-hypercholesterolemia-patient
#18
Faisal A Al-Allaf, Abdullah Alashwal, Zainularifeen Abduljaleel, Mohiuddin M Taher, Abdellatif Bouazzaoui, Hala Abalkhail, Ahmad F Al-Allaf, Mohammad Athar
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is most commonly caused by mutations in the LDL receptor (LDLR), which is responsible for hepatic clearance of LDL from the blood circulation. We described a severely affected FH proband and their first-degree blood relatives; the proband was resistant to statin therapy and was managed on an LDL apheresis program. In order to find the causative genetic variant in this family, direct exon sequencing of the LDLR, APOB and PCSK9 genes was performed. We identified a compound heterozygous mutation in the proband with missense p...
November 23, 2016: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878112/withania-coagulans-extract-induces-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibits-cox-2-expression-in-a-rat-model-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#19
Maryam Sarbishegi, Ozra Khajavi, Mohammad Reza Arab
BACKGROUND: Phytotherapy is a popular treatment option in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), with many different herbal products being used for the treatment of this condition. Withania coagulans (WC) is an herbal medicine that has shown anti-tumoral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of Withania coagulans extract (WCE) on prostatic cell apoptosis and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in rats...
September 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876089/rapid-onset-obesity-hypoventilation-hypothalamic-dysfunction-autonomic-dysregulation-and-neuroendocrine-tumor-syndrome-with-a-homogenous-enlargement-of-the-pituitary-gland-a-case-report
#20
Lama Aljabban, Lina Kassab, Nour Alhuda Bakoura, Mohammad Fayez Alsalka, Ismaeil Maksoud
BACKGROUND: Rapid-onset obesity with hypoventilation, hypothalamic dysfunction, and autonomic dysregulation syndrome is a rare pediatric disorder with a variable sequence of clinical presentations, undefined etiology, and high risk of mortality. Our patient presented an unusual course of the disease accompanied by a homogenous mild enlargement of her pituitary gland with an intact pituitary-endocrine axis which, to the best of our knowledge, represents a new finding in rapid-onset obesity with hypoventilation, hypothalamic dysfunction, and autonomic dysregulation syndrome...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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