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canine distemper virus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192048/a-serosurvey-of-diseases-of-free-ranging-gray-wolves-canis-lupus-in-minnesota
#1
Michelle Carstensen, John H Giudice, Erik C Hildebrand, J P Dubey, John Erb, Dan Stark, John Hart, Shannon Barber-Meyer, L David Mech, Steve K Windels, Andrew J Edwards
We tested serum samples from 387 free-ranging wolves ( Canis lupus ) from 2007 to 2013 for exposure to eight canid pathogens to establish baseline data on disease prevalence and spatial distribution in Minnesota's wolf population. We found high exposure to canine adenoviruses 1 and 2 (88% adults, 45% pups), canine parvovirus (82% adults, 24% pups), and Lyme disease (76% adults, 39% pups). Sixty-six percent of adults and 36% of pups exhibited exposure to the protozoan parasite Neospora caninum . Exposure to arboviruses was confirmed, including West Nile virus (37% adults, 18% pups) and eastern equine encephalitis (3% adults)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148801/inactivated-recombinant-rabies-viruses-displaying-the-canine-distemper-virus-glycoproteins-induce-protective-immunity-against-both-pathogens
#2
Renata da Fontoura Budaszewski, Andrew Hudacek, Bevan Sawatsky, Beate Krämer, Yin Xiangping, Matthias J Schnell, Veronika von Messling
The development of multivalent vaccines is an attractive methodology for the simultaneous prevention of several infectious diseases in vulnerable populations. Canine distemper (CDV) and rabies (RABV) viruses both cause lethal disease in wild and domestic carnivores. While RABV vaccines are inactivated, the live-attenuated CDV vaccines retain residual virulence for highly susceptible wild life species. In the current study, we have developed recombinant bivalent vaccine candidates based on recombinant vaccine strain rabies virus particles, which concurrently display the protective CDV and RABV glycoprotein antigens...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135131/health-survey-of-free-ranging-raccons-procyon-lotor-in-central-park-new-york-new-york-usa-implications-for-human-and-domestic-animal-health
#3
Kimberly L Rainwater, Krysten Marchese, Sally Slavinski, Lee A Humberg, Edward J Dubovi, Jodie A Jarvis, Denise McAloose, Paul P Calle
We conducted health assessments on 113 free-ranging raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) in Central Park, New York City, in February 2010, September 2010, and November 2011 in conjunction with a trap-vaccinate-release program to control a raccoon rabies epizootic. Five individuals were sampled at two time points for 118 raccoon examinations in total. We tested 13 of 13 and 8 of 13 euthanized raccoons for rabies and canine distemper virus, respectively, by antigen testing on brain tissue; all were negative for both viruses...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051146/impacts-of-canine-distemper-virus-infection-on-the-giant-panda-population-from-the-perspective-of-gut-microbiota
#4
Na Zhao, Meng Li, Jing Luo, Supen Wang, Shelan Liu, Shan Wang, Wenting Lyu, Lin Chen, Wen Su, Hua Ding, Hongxuan He
The recent increase in infectious disease outbreaks has been directly linked to the global loss of biodiversity and the decline of some endangered species populations. Between December 2014 and March 2015, five captive giant pandas died due to canine distemper virus (CDV) infection in China. CDV has taken a heavy toll on tigers and lions in recent years. Here, we describe the first gut microbiome diversity study of CDV-infected pandas. By investigating the influence of CDV infection on gut bacterial communities in infected and uninfected individuals and throughout the course of infection, we found that CDV infection distorted the gut microbiota composition by reducing the prevalence of the dominant genera, Escherichia and Clostridium, and increasing microbial diversity...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018332/commentary-slam-and-nectin-4-independent-noncytolytic-spread-of-canine-distemper-virus-in-astrocytes
#5
COMMENT
Giovanni Di Guardo, Roberto Giacominelli-Stuffler, Sandro Mazzariol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989812/lethal-distemper-in-badgers-meles-meles-following-epidemic-in-dogs-and-wolves-evidence-for-viral-adaptation-in-the-wildlife-milieu
#6
Daria Di Sabatino, Gabriella Di Francesco, Guendalina Zaccaria, Daniela Malatesta, Luca Brugnola, Maurilia Marcacci, Ottavio Portanti, Fabrizio De Massis, Giovanni Savini, Liana Teodori, Enzo Ruggieri, Iolanda Mangone, Pietro Badagliacca, Alessio Lorusso
Canine distemper virus (CDV) represents an important conservation threat to many wild carnivores. A large distemper epidemic sustained by an Arctic-lineage strain occurred in Italy in 2013, mainly in the Abruzzi region, causing overt disease in domestic and shepherd dogs, Apennine wolves (Canis lupus) and other wild carnivores. Two badgers were collected by the end of September 2015 in a rural area of the Abruzzi region and were demonstrated to be CDV-positive by real time RT-PCR and IHC in several tissues...
October 27, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928865/canine-distemper-virus-in-the-serengeti-ecosystem-molecular-adaptation-to-different-carnivore-species
#7
Veljko M Nikolin, Ximena A Olarte-Castillo, Nikolaus Osterrieder, Heribert Hofer, Edward Dubovi, Camila J Mazzoni, Edgar Brunner, Katja V Goller, Robert D Fyumagwa, Patricia D Moehlman, Dagmar Thierer, Marion L East
Was the 1993/1994 fatal canine distemper virus (CDV) epidemic in lions and spotted hyaenas in the Serengeti ecosystem caused by the recent spillover of a virulent domestic dog strain or one well adapted to these noncanids? We examine this question using sequence data from 13 'Serengeti' strains including five complete genomes obtained between 1993 and 2011. Phylogenetic and haplotype network analyses reveal that strains from noncanids during the epidemic were more closely related to each other than to those from domestic or wild canids...
December 7, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911942/persistent-morbillivirus-infection-leads-to-altered-cortactin-distribution-in-histiocytic-sarcoma-cells-with-decreased-cellular-migration-capacity
#8
Vanessa Maria Pfankuche, Mohamed Sayed-Ahmed, Vanessa Bono Contioso, Ingo Spitzbarth, Karl Rohn, Reiner Ulrich, Ulrich Deschl, Arno Kalkuhl, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Christina Puff
Histiocytic sarcomas represent rare but fatal neoplasms in humans. Based on the absence of a commercially available human histiocytic sarcoma cell line the frequently affected dog displays a suitable translational model. Canine distemper virus, closely related to measles virus, is a highly promising candidate for oncolytic virotherapy. Therapeutic failures in patients are mostly associated with tumour invasion and metastasis often induced by misdirected cytoskeletal protein activities. Thus, the impact of persistent canine distemper virus infection on the cytoskeletal protein cortactin, which is frequently overexpressed in human cancers with poor prognosis, was investigated in vitro in a canine histiocytic sarcoma cell line (DH82)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902345/advances-in-canine-distemper-virus-cdv-pathogenesis-research-a-wildlife-perspective
#9
Angelika Katrin Loots, Emily Mitchell, Desiré Lee Dalton, Antoinette Kotzé, Estelle H Venter
Canine distemper virus (CDV) has emerged as a significant disease of wildlife, is highly contagious and readily transmitted between susceptible hosts. Initially described as an infectious disease of domestic dogs, it is now recognised as a global multi-host pathogen, infecting and causing mass mortalities in a wide range of carnivore species. The last decade has seen the effect of numerous CDV outbreaks in various wildlife populations. Prevention of CDV requires a clear understanding of the potential hosts in danger of infection as well as the dynamic pathways CDV uses to gain entry to its host cells and its ability to initiate viral shedding and disease transmission...
November 28, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885561/outbreak-of-severe-pseudorabies-virus-infection-in-pig-offal-fed-farmed-mink-in-liaoning-province-china
#10
Hao Liu, Xin-Tong Li, Bo Hu, Xiao-Yu Deng, Lei Zhang, Shi-Zhen Lian, Hai-Ling Zhang, Shuang Lv, Xiang-Hong Xue, Rong-Guang Lu, Ning Shi, Ming-Hao Yan, Peng-Peng Xiao, Xi-Jun Yan
An outbreak of severe pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection in farmed mink occurred in northern China in late 2014, causing significant economic losses in the local fur industry. Here, we report the first case of a PRV outbreak in mink in northeastern China, caused by feeding farmed mink with raw pork or organs contaminated by PRV. Mink infected with virulent PRV exhibited diarrhea, neurologic signs, and higher mortality, which can be misdiagnosed as highly pathogenic mink enteritis virus (MEV), canine distemper virus (CDV), and food poisoning...
March 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876612/lethal-distemper-in-badgers-meles-meles-following-epidemic-in-dogs-and-wolves
#11
Daria Di Sabatino, Gabriella Di Francesco, Guendalina Zaccaria, Daniela Malatesta, Luca Brugnola, Maurilia Marcacci, Ottavio Portanti, Fabrizio De Massis, Giovanni Savini, Liana Teodori, Enzo Ruggieri, Iolanda Mangone, Pietro Badagliacca, Alessio Lorusso
Canine distemper virus (CDV) represents an important conservation threat to many wild carnivores. A large distemper epidemic sustained by an Arctic-lineage strain occurred in Italy in 2013, mainly in the Abruzzi region, causing overt disease in domestic and shepherd dogs, Apennine wolves (Canis lupus) and other wild carnivores. Two badgers were collected by the end of September 2015 in a rural area of the Abruzzi region and were demonstrated to be CDV-positive by real time RT-PCR and IHC in several tissues...
December 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860224/reduced-angiogenic-gene-expression-in-morbillivirus-triggered-oncolysis-in-a-translational-model-for-histiocytic-sarcoma
#12
Vanessa Maria Pfankuche, Ingo Spitzbarth, Stefanie Lapp, Reiner Ulrich, Ulrich Deschl, Arno Kalkuhl, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Christina Puff
Histiocytic sarcoma represents a rare malignant tumour with a short survival time, indicating the need of novel treatment strategies including oncolytic virotherapy. The underlying molecular mechanisms of viral oncolysis are largely unknown. As cancer in companion animals shares striking similarities with human counterparts, we chose a permanent canine histiocytic sarcoma cell line (DH82 cells) to identify global transcriptome changes following infection with canine distemper virus (CDV), a paramyxovirus closely related to human measles virus...
April 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822544/multiplexed-metagenomic-deep-sequencing-to-analyze-the-composition-of-high-priority-pathogen-reagents
#13
Michael R Wilson, Greg Fedewa, Mark D Stenglein, Judith Olejnik, Linda J Rennick, Sham Nambulli, Friederike Feldmann, W Paul Duprex, John H Connor, Elke Mühlberger, Joseph L DeRisi
Laboratories studying high-priority pathogens need comprehensive methods to confirm microbial species and strains while also detecting contamination. Metagenomic deep sequencing (MDS) inventories nucleic acids present in laboratory stocks, providing an unbiased assessment of pathogen identity, the extent of genomic variation, and the presence of contaminants. Double-stranded cDNA MDS libraries were constructed from RNA extracted from in vitro-passaged stocks of six viruses (La Crosse virus, Ebola virus, canine distemper virus, measles virus, human respiratory syncytial virus, and vesicular stomatitis virus)...
July 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783124/a-new-immunoassay-of-serum-antibodies-against-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-using-quantum-dots-and-a-lateral-flow-test-strip
#14
Si Cheng, Jie Sun, Junxing Yang, Jianqiang Lv, Feng Wu, Yanxing Lin, Lishan Liao, Yiyou Ye, Chenfu Cao, Liurong Fang, Qunyi Hua
A fast and ultrasensitive test-strip system combining quantum dots (QDs) with a lateral-flow immunoassay strip (LFIAS) was established for detection of Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) antibody. The highly luminescent water-soluble carboxyl-functionalized QDs were used as the signal output and were conjugated to streptococcal protein G (SPG), which was capable of binding to immunoglobulin G (IgG) from many species through an amide bond to capture the target PPRV IgGs. The PPRV N protein, which was immobilized on the detection zone of the test strip, was expressed by transfecting recombinant Bacmid-PPRV-N with Lipofect into Sf9 insect cells...
January 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763827/serosurvey-for-selected-viral-pathogens-among-sympatric-species-of-the-african-large-predator-guild-in-northern-botswana
#15
Anne-Lise Chaber, Gabriele Cozzi, Femke Broekhuis, Robyn Hartley, John W McNutt
The recent increase in the creation of transboundary protected areas and wildlife corridors between them lends importance to information on pathogen prevalence and transmission among wildlife species that will become connected. One such initiative is the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area of which Botswana's Okavango Delta constitutes a major contribution for wildlife and ecosystems. Between 2008 and 2011, we collected serum samples from 14 lions ( Panthera leo ), four leopards ( Panthera pardus ), 19 spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta ), and six cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus ) in the Okavango...
January 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749192/the-occurrence-of-pathogens-in-an-endangered-population-of-american-badgers-taxidea-taxus-jacksoni-in-ontario-canada
#16
Danielle M Ethier, Joshua B Sayers, Christopher J Kyle, Joseph J Nocera, Davor Ojkic, Douglas Campbell
American badgers ( Taxidea taxus jacksoni) at the periphery of the species' range in Ontario, Canada, are listed as endangered because of an estimated population size of <200 mature individuals. The main threats faced by this population include habitat loss and road mortality. However, on 18 November 2013, a radio-implanted badger was found nonresponsive in an agricultural field with signs consistent with canine distemper virus infection, which was subsequently confirmed. This prompted our investigation into the occurrence of pathogens in this endangered carnivore to better quantify the level of risk infectious disease poses to population persistence...
January 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746406/isolation-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-canine-distemper-virus-among-domestic-dogs-in-vietnam
#17
Dung Van Nguyen, Junko Suzuki, Shohei Minami, Kenzo Yonemitsu, Nao Nagata, Ryusei Kuwata, Hiroshi Shimoda, Chien Kim Vu, Thuy Quoc Truong, Ken Maeda
Canine distemper virus (CDV) is one of the most serious pathogens found in many species of carnivores, including domestic dogs. In this study, hemagglutinin (H) genes were detected in five domestic Vietnamese dogs with diarrhea, and two CDVs were successfully isolated from dogs positive for H genes. The complete genome of one isolate, CDV/dog/HCM/33/140816, was determined. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all Vietnamese CDVs belonged to the Asia-1 genotype. In addition, the H proteins of Vietnamese CDV strains were the most homologous to those of Chinese CDVs (98...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742221/enhanced-immunosurveillance-for-animal-morbilliviruses-using-vesicular-stomatitis-virus-vsv-pseudotypes
#18
Nicola Logan, William G Dundon, Adama Diallo, Michael D Baron, M James Nyarobi, Sarah Cleaveland, Julius Keyyu, Robert Fyumagwa, Margaret J Hosie, Brian J Willett
The measurement of virus-specific neutralising antibodies represents the "gold-standard" for diagnostic serology. For animal morbilliviruses, such as peste des petits ruminants (PPRV) or rinderpest virus (RPV), live virus-based neutralisation tests require high-level biocontainment to prevent the accidental escape of the infectious agents. In this study, we describe the adaptation of a replication-defective vesicular stomatitis virus (VSVΔG) based pseudotyping system for the measurement of neutralising antibodies against animal morbilliviruses...
November 11, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727184/morbillivirus-experimental-animal-models-measles-virus-pathogenesis-insights-from-canine-distemper-virus
#19
REVIEW
Renata da Fontoura Budaszewski, Veronika von Messling
Morbilliviruses share considerable structural and functional similarities. Even though disease severity varies among the respective host species, the underlying pathogenesis and the clinical signs are comparable. Thus, insights gained with one morbillivirus often apply to the other members of the genus. Since the Canine distemper virus (CDV) causes severe and often lethal disease in dogs and ferrets, it is an attractive model to characterize morbillivirus pathogenesis mechanisms and to evaluate the efficacy of new prophylactic and therapeutic approaches...
October 11, 2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726133/application-of-xenogeneic-anti-canine-distemper-virus-antibodies-in-treatment-of-canine-distemper-puppies
#20
P C Liu, C A Chen, C M Chen, C H Yen, M H Lee, C K Chuang, C F Tu, B L Su
OBJECTIVE: The clinical feasibility of passive immunotherapy has not been demonstrated in dogs naturally infected with canine distemper. In this study, porcine anti-canine distemper virus IgG and F(ab')2 antibody fragments were used to treat infected puppies. METHODS: A total of 41 naturally infected puppies (age Äsix months) exhibiting severe respiratory signs, but lacking neurological signs, were enrolled in the study. Twenty-five puppies were treated with a combination of IgG or F(ab')2 antibody fragments (Group 1) and supportive therapy and 16 puppies received routine supportive care only (Group 2)...
November 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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