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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107217/reliability-and-validity-of-athletes-disability-index-questionnaire
#1
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Alireza Hosseini Khezri, Farzin Farahbakhsh, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Matthew Smuck, Ramin Kordi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of a new proposed questionnaire for assessment of functional disability in athletes with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Validity and reliability study. SETTING: Elite athletes participating in different fields of sports. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 165 male and female athletes (between 12 and 50 years old) with LBP. INTERVENTIONS: Athlete Disability Index (ADI) Questionnaire which is developed by the authors for assessing LBP-related disability in athletes, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ)...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107216/analysis-of-central-and-peripheral-vision-reaction-times-in-patients-with-postconcussion-visual-dysfunction
#2
Joseph F Clark, James K Ellis, Timothy M Burns, John M Childress, Jon G Divine
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether central and peripheral vision reaction times (PVRTs) are prolonged in patients with visual dysfunction after sustaining a concussion. DESIGN: Comparison of Dynavision D2 central and PVRTs in patients with postconcussion visual dysfunction were compared with control data from a normative patient database. Concussion patients without visual dysfunction were not included in this study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 college training room and university based, academic health center...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106286/tendinopathy-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Pauline Po Yee Lui
Chronic tendinopathy is a frequent and disabling musculo-skeletal problem affecting the athletic and general populations. The affected tendon is presented with local tenderness, swelling, and pain which restrict the activity of the individual. Tendon degeneration reduces the mechanical strength and predisposes it to rupture. The pathogenic mechanisms of chronic tendinopathy are not fully understood and several major non-mutually exclusive hypotheses including activation of the hypoxia-apoptosis-pro-inflammatory cytokines cascade, neurovascular ingrowth, increased production of neuromediators, and erroneous stem cell differentiation have been proposed...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099092/training-and-development-of-canadian-wheelchair-basketball-players
#4
N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094682/development-implementation-and-assessment-of-a-concussion-education-programme-for-high-school-student-athletes
#5
Jeffrey G Caron, Scott Rathwell, J Scott Delaney, Karen M Johnston, Alain Ptito, Gordon A Bloom
Although experts have noted that adolescent athletes should be educated about concussions to improve their safety, there is no agreement on the most effective strategy to disseminate concussion education. The purpose of this study was to develop, implement and assess a concussion education programme. More precisely, four interactive oral presentations were delivered to high school student-athletes (N = 35, Mage = 15.94, SD = 0.34) in a large urban centre. Participants completed a questionnaire at three time-points during the season to measure changes in their knowledge (CK) and attitudes (CA) of concussions, and focus group interviews were conducted following the concussion education programme...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092217/development-construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-a-field-based-wheelchair-mobility-performance-test-for-wheelchair-basketball
#6
Annemarie M H de Witte, Marco J M Hoozemans, Monique A M Berger, Rienk M A van der Slikke, Lucas H V van der Woude, Dirkjan H E J Veeger
The aim of this study was to develop and describe a wheelchair mobility performance test in wheelchair basketball and to assess its construct validity and reliability. To mimic mobility performance of wheelchair basketball matches in a standardised manner, a test was designed based on observation of wheelchair basketball matches and expert judgement. Forty-six players performed the test to determine its validity and 23 players performed the test twice for reliability. Independent-samples t-tests were used to assess whether the times needed to complete the test were different for classifications, playing standards and sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091929/perception-of-injury-risk-among-amateur-muay-thai-fighters
#7
Stephen Strotmeyer, Reidar P Lystad
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai is a style of kickboxing that allows full-contact blows to an unprotected head, torso and legs, and, as in any combat sport, there is an inherent risk of injury. Previous observational studies have shown there is a substantial risk of injury in competitive kickboxing. None of these studies, however, have investigated the potential role of psychological risk factors and, consequently, little is known about the perception of injury risk among these athletes. Notwithstanding the important role risk perception may play in the occurrence and prevention of sports injuries, there is very limited empirical data pertaining to athletes in full-contact combat sports such as Muay Thai...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091446/correlation-between-athlete-training-intensity-and-cardiac-performance
#8
T Xiao, Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: An effective analysis of correlation between training intensity of athletes and cardiac performance is done to develop scientific and reasonable exercise program and to promote health of athletes. METHODS: During December 2013-December 2015, 3600 students from different sports schools were selected for the test. All the athletes were randomly grouped, that is half-hour running group, one-hour running group and 90 -minute running group, which are named A, B, C groups respectively...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087244/practice-makes-perfect-correlations-between-prior-experience-in-high-level-athletics-and-robotic-surgical-performance-do-not-persist-after-task-repetition
#9
Kevin Shee, Fady M Ghali, Elias S Hyams
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgical skill development is central to training in urology as well as in other surgical disciplines. Here, we describe a pilot study assessing the relationships between robotic surgery simulator performance and 3 categories of activities, namely, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics. DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to preclinical medical students for general demographic information and prior experiences in surgery, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086771/naturalistic-study-of-guideline-implementation-tool-use-via-evaluation-of-website-access-and-physician-survey
#10
Melissa J Armstrong, Gary S Gronseth, Richard Dubinsky, Sonja Potrebic, Rebecca Penfold Murray, Thomas S D Getchius, Carol Rheaume, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines support decision-making at the point-of-care but the onus is often on individual users such as physicians to implement them. Research shows that the inclusion of implementation tools in or with guidelines (GItools) is associated with guideline use. However, there is little research on which GItools best support implementation by individual physicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate naturalistic access and use of GItools produced by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) to inform future tool development...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079707/effect-of-number-of-sprints-in-a-sit-session-on-change-in-vo2max-a-meta-analysis
#11
Niels Bj Vollaard, Richard S Metcalfe, Sean Williams
PURPOSE: Recent meta-analyses indicate that sprint interval training (SIT) improves cardiorespiratory fitness (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max), but the effects of various training parameters on the magnitude of the improvement remain unknown. The present meta-analysis examined the modifying effect of the number of sprint repetitions in a SIT session on improvements in V[Combining Dot Above]O2max. METHODS: The databases PubMed and Web of Science were searched for original studies that have examined pre- and post-training V[Combining Dot Above]O2max in adults following ≥2 weeks of training consisting of repeated (≥2) Wingate-type cycle sprints, published up to 1 May 2016...
January 10, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078945/influences-of-population-size-and-density-on-birthplace-effects
#12
David J Hancock, Patrícia Coutinho, Jean Côté, Isabel Mesquita
Contextual influences on talent development (e.g., birthplace effects) have become a topic of interest for sport scientists. Birthplace effects occur when being born in a certain city size leads to participation or performance advantages, typically for those born in smaller or mid-sized cities. The purpose of this study was to investigate birthplace effects in Portuguese volleyball players by analysing city size, as well as population density - an important but infrequently used variable. Participants included 4062 volleyball players (Mage = 33), 53...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078610/optimization-of-the-return-to-sport-paradigm-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-critical-step-back-to-move-forward
#13
REVIEW
Bart Dingenen, Alli Gokeler
Athletes who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury often opt for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with the goal and expectation to resume sports. Unfortunately, the proportion of athletes successfully returning to sport is relatively low, while the rate of second ACL injury has been reported to exceed 20% after clearance to return to sport, especially within younger athletic populations. Despite the development of return-to-sport guidelines over recent years, there are still more questions than answers on the most optimal return-to-sport criteria after ACLR...
January 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#14
Eric Hall, Jordan Cottle, Caroline Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes
CONTEXT:  Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE:  To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SETTING:  Research laboratory...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067737/facial-trauma-in-sports
#15
James Leinhart, James Toldi, Matthew Tennison
Injuries resulting from facial trauma are common in all sports. Athlete-to-athlete contact, falls, and blows from equipment account for the majority of these events. Appropriate knowledge of basic science, relevant anatomy, and clinical skills is required to provide the correct medical care. While true medical emergencies are infrequent, a prompt accurate diagnosis is essential in developing targeted management and return to play options.
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067735/migraine-with-aura-or-sports-related-concussion-case-report-pathophysiology-and-multidisciplinary-approach-to-management
#16
Michael J Ellis, Dean Cordingley, Richard Girardin, Lesley Ritchie, Janine Johnston
The evaluation and management of athletes presenting with clinical features of migraine headache with aura in the setting of sports-related head trauma is challenging. We present a case report of a 15-yr-old boy with a history of migraine with visual aura that developed acute visual disturbance and headache after a head injury during an ice hockey game. The patient underwent comprehensive assessment at a multidisciplinary concussion program, including neuro-ophthalmological examination, neurocognitive testing, and graded aerobic treadmill testing...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066732/conservative-management-of-tendinopathies-around-hip
#17
REVIEW
Antonio Frizziero, Filippo Vittadini, Andrea Pignataro, Giuseppe Gasparre, Carlo Biz, Pietro Ruggieri, Stefano Masiero
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of hip is widely complex and several anatomical structures interact and contribute to its functioning. For position and role, hip and the surrounding tendons, which have their insertion around, are overstressed and often overloaded, especially in athletes. This could lead to the developing of several tendinopathies, among which the differential diagnosis is often complicated. Many conservative treatments are used in clinical practice, while actually, no defined conservative protocol is recommended...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065994/injuries-in-elite-taekwondo-poomsae-athletes
#18
Mohsen Kazemi, Anas Ingar, Ali Jaffery
Poomsae is the only non-contact and no opponent form of Taekwondo. The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the type and rate of injuries in elite Canadian Poomsae athletes. Strain and joint dysfunction were the most common types of injuries in Poomsae. Lower limb and back were the most common area of injury in females and males respectively. Females with a lower rank in experience level (DAN≤ 3) were more likely to suffer from chronic overuse injuries compared to their male counterparts, who reported more acute injuries...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065991/septic-olecranon-and-prepatellar-bursitis-in-hockey-players-a-report-of-three-cases
#19
Taylor Tuff, Karen Chrobak
Septic bursitis (SB) is an important differential diagnosis in athletes presenting with an acute subcutaneous swelling of the elbow or knee. Prompt recognition is essential to minimize recovery time and prevent the spread of infection. Due to the significant overlap in clinical features, it is often difficult to differentiate SB from non-septic bursitis (NSB) without bursal aspirate analysis. SB is commonly not considered unless the bursitis is accompanied by a local skin lesion or fever. This study describes two cases of septic olecranon bursitis and one case of septic prepatellar bursitis in adult hockey players presenting to a sports medicine clinic...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065163/diagnostic-approach-to-catastrophic-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-racehorses
#20
Santiago S Diab, Susan M Stover, Francisco Carvallo, Akinyi C Nyaoke, Janet Moore, Ashley Hill, Rick Arthur, Francisco A Uzal
Catastrophic musculoskeletal injuries are the most common cause of euthanasia or spontaneous death in racehorses, and the most common cause of jockey falls with potential for serious human injury. Horses are predisposed to the vast majority of these injuries by preexisting lesions that can be prevented by early diagnosis and adequate bone injury management. A thorough examination of the musculoskeletal system in racehorses often determines the cause of these injuries and generates data to develop injury prevention strategies...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
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