Read by QxMD icon Read

Complex Partial Seizure

James A McCracken, Michael F Gonzales, Pramit M Phal, Katharine J Drummond
Angiocentric glioma (AG) is a low grade glioma, that was first described in 2002. Since this description, 83 patients with AG have been described, including ours. AG typically presents in childhood with medically refractory seizures that are cured with gross surgical resection. Whilst the natural history is that of a benign tumour, there have been reports of recurrence, transformation, and malignant features that suggest that AG is potentially malignant. We add to the literature a case of a 16-year-old girl who presented in May 2011 with a 3-month history of complex partial seizures, with MRI showing a T2-weighted hyperintense lesion in the left insula and inferior frontal lobe...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Octavian V Lie, Pieter van Mierlo
The visual interpretation of intracranial EEG (iEEG) is the standard method used in complex epilepsy surgery cases to map the regions of seizure onset targeted for resection. Still, visual iEEG analysis is labor-intensive and biased due to interpreter dependency. Multivariate parametric functional connectivity measures using adaptive autoregressive (AR) modeling of the iEEG signals based on the Kalman filter algorithm have been used successfully to localize the electrographic seizure onsets. Due to their high computational cost, these methods have been applied to a limited number of iEEG time-series (<60)...
October 8, 2016: Brain Topography
Hong-Li Huang, Hao Zhou, Nuan Wang, Chun-Yu Yu
Epilepsy is a common neurodegenerative disease with an increasing morbidity. Clinical treatment of epilepsy includes symptomatic treatment, etiological treatment, surgery and prevention. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on serum folate and vitamin B12 in various epileptic patients, and to examine the correlation between these effects and secondary cerebrovascular events. A total of 68 epileptic patients, diagnosed between May 2012 and May 2014, were included in the present study...
October 2016: Biomedical Reports
Jitendra G Nasit, Payal Shah, Himanshu Zalawadia
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour (DNET) is an uncommon mixed glioneuronal tumour. DNET is classified as Grade I neoplasm in revised World Health Organization classification of tumors of the nervous system. DNET is commonly seen in the temporal lobe of children and young adults with features of pharmacoresistant complex partial seizures. Tumors arising in association with DNETs are rare. Only two cases of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) arising in DNETs are reported. Surgical excision is the only successful management with favourable prognosis...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Han-Tao Li, Ching-Yi Lee, Siew-Na Lim, Chun-Wei Chang, Shih-Tseng Lee, Tony Wu
BACKGROUND: Surgical interventions are often used for freedom from seizure in patients with drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. A patient with seizure foci in the left mesiotemporal region underwent limited-size stereotactic radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RF-TC) over the left hippocampus. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 37-year-old woman with febrile convulsion in her childhood was admitted to our neurologic department with complex partial seizure with secondary generalization...
September 4, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Malin Schöpper, Albert C Ludolph, Susanne Fauser
INTRODUCTION: The current study assessed the knowledge and attitudes of dentists and neurologists, and of their patients with epilepsy, in the catchment area of an outpatient clinic for epilepsy in southern Germany. METHODS: One-hundred patients with epilepsy were asked to complete questionnaires about their dental treatment. Attitudes of their attending dentists and neurologists were also assessed. RESULTS: Patients with epilepsy: The questionnaires were returned by 82% of patients...
September 3, 2016: International Dental Journal
Robert C Sergott, Chris A Johnson, Kenneth D Laxer, Robert T Wechsler, Katya Cherny, JoAnn Whittle, Ge Feng, Deborah Lee, Jouko Isojarvi
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate visual-field and retinal-structure changes following adjunctive vigabatrin treatment in vigabatrin-naive adults with refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS). METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, single-arm, open-label study (NCT01278173). Eligible patients (≥2 seizures/month who failed ≥3 therapies) who could reliably perform perimetry (Humphrey automated static) and retinal-structure assessment (spectral-domain optical coherence tomography) prior to vigabatrin exposure...
October 2016: Epilepsia
Fangfang Xie, Wu Xing, Xiaoyi Wang, Weihua Liao, Wei Shi
: A disturbance in the level of consciousness is a classical clinical sign of several seizure types. Recent studies have shown that altered states of consciousness in seizures are associated with structural and functional changes of several brain regions. Prominent among these are the thalamus, the brain stem, and the default mode network (DMN), which is part of the consciousness system. Our study used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to evaluate these brain regions in patients with three different types of epilepsies that are associated with altered consciousness: complex partial seizures (CPS),primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (PGTCS) or secondary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (SGTCS)...
August 30, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
Agatino Battaglia, Laura Bernardini, Isabella Torrente, Antonio Novelli, Gloria Scarselli
Previous reports summarized the seizure types occurring in patients with idic(15) syndrome. To better define this issue, we retrospectively analyzed the evolution of electroencephalogram findings and seizures in 35 patients with confirmed idic(15). Epilepsy occurred in 28 patients (80%), with a median age of onset of 3 years 3 months. The initial seizures were infantile spasms associated with a hypsarrhythmic electroencephalogram (nine patients), focal/generalized tonic (seven patients), or atypical absences (eight patients)...
October 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Yi Wu, Jiong Tao, Yan-Lin Wang, Wen-Jing Hu, Xu Han, Wei-Wei Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
Yuri Nagai, Ayataka Fujimoto, Tohru Okanishi, Hironao Motoi, Sotaro Kanai, Takuya Yokota, Hideo Enoki, Mitsuyo Nishimura, Takamichi Yamamoto
PURPOSE: To perform an epilepsy surgery on a patient with drug resistant epilepsy secondary to bilateral brain malformation. The patient was a 2-year 9-month-old boy who had congenital bilateral multiple abnormalities. He developed a complex partial seizure at 9 months old. Based on the presurgical evaluations, he underwent a right hemispherotomy. RESULTS: Brain MRI revealed congenital bilateral polymicrogyria, right schizencephaly, and corpus callosum agenesis...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Zhimei Li, Tao Cui, Weixiong Shi, Qun Wang
We summarized the clinical characteristics of patients presenting with seizures and limbic encephalitis (LE) associated with leucine-rich glioma inactivated-1 protein antibody (LGI1) in order help recognize and treat this condition at its onset.We analyzed clinical, video electroencephalogram (VEEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and laboratory data of 10 patients who presented with LGI1-LE and followed up their outcomes from 2 to 16 (9.4 ± 4.2) months.All patients presented with seizures onset, including faciobrachial dystonic seizure (FBDS), partial seizure (PS), and generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTCS)...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Oliver Rompel, Rolf Buslei, Matthias Hammon, Helmuth-Günther Dörr, Martin Chada, Guido Nikkhah, Michael Uder, Regina Trollmann
BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease of the monocyte-macrophage system. Abnormalities of the hypothalamic-pituitary region are common in individuals with central nervous system involvement. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: This six-year-old boy developed rapidly progressive aggressive behavior, central diabetes insipidus, and repeated complex partial seizures. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a diffuse leukoencephalopathy-like pattern and numerous infratentorial and supratentorial granulomatous nodules in the brain parenchyma along with infundibular and hypothalamic mass lesions...
September 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Jeremy Samuel Faust, Andreea Nemes
Transient global amnesia is a clinically distinct syndrome characterized by the acute inability to form new memories. It can last up to 24 hours. The diagnosis is dependent on eliminating other more serious etiologies including toxic ingestions, acute strokes, complex partial seizures, and central nervous system infections. Transient global amnesia confers no known long-term risks; however, when abnormal signs or symptoms are present, they take precedence and guide the formulation of a differential diagnosis and investigation...
August 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
James P Wilson, Kalman Kafetz, Douglas Fink
A 70-year-old Caucasian woman was treated for Capnocytophaga canimorsus septicaemia. The source of bacteraemia was very likely to be her household pet, an Italian greyhound. The patient presented with a presumed complex partial seizure but deteriorated rapidly with sepsis and multiorgan dysfunction. Neither scratch nor bite was established, although close petting including licks was reported. Blood cultures grew Gram-negative rods, identified by molecular techniques as C. canimorsus-a bacterium frequently isolated in the oral cavities of dogs and cats...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Zebun Nissa, Shaista A Siddiqi, Sharifa A M Abdool
INTRODUCTION: Nonketotic hyperglycemia (NKH) is known to cause focal motor or secondarily generalized seizures. Occipital seizures in NKH are seldom reported, especially with visual hallucinations and persistent homonymous hemianopia (HH) with characteristic radiological and electroencephalographic (EEG) findings. SUMMARY: Our patient was a middle-aged man who presented with a new onset, single episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizure and NKH. He complained of seeing intermittent colorful stripes in his right visual field...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Nobuko Shiraiwa, Takashi Hosaka, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Sachiko Hoshino, Akira Tamaoka, Norio Ohkoshi
A 79-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of prolonged impaired consciousness and right hemiparesis. She was treated for acute cerebral infarction because her brain magnetic resonance imaging showed extensive cortical lesions similar to acute infarction in diffusion weighted image, fluid attenuated inversion recovery, and T2 weighted images. On the fifth day, she had a focal seizure on the right side. A new lesion during imaging and electroencephalogram abnormality were observed at that time...
July 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Chanyoung Ko, Namwook Kim, Eunjoo Kim, Dong Ho Song, Keun-Ah Cheon
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in people with epilepsy ranges from 15 to 47 % (Clarke et al. in Epilepsia 46:1970-1977, 2005), it is speculated that there is a special relationship between the two disorders, yet there has been a lack of systematic studies comparing the behavioral phenotype between autistic individuals and autistic individuals with epilepsy. This study aims to investigate how the co-occurrence of epilepsy and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects autistic characteristics assessed by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), which has been used as a measure of autism symptoms in previous studies...
2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
Yu-Xing Ge, Xiang-Zhu Tian, Ying-Ying Lin, Xue-Yuan Liu
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), the common form of epilepsy in adults, often displays complex partial seizures and cognitive deficits. The underlying mechanisms of such deficits are not yet well understood. Many contributing factors, such as initial epileptogenic lesion, seizure type, age of onset, and treatment side effects have been proposed. Levetiracetam (LEV) is a novel anti-epileptic drug (AED) used to treat partial seizures and idiopathic generalized epilepsy. It has been suggested that LEV exerts antiepileptic properties by modulation of synaptic release of neurotransmitters...
August 15, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Eamon Ramhamadany, Chetan S Modi
The management of recurrent anterior gleno-humeral joint instability is challenging in the presence of bone loss. It is often seen in young athletic patients and dislocations related to epileptic seizures and may involve glenoid bone deficiency, humeral bone deficiency or combined bipolar lesions. It is critical to accurately identify and assess the amount and position of bone loss in order to select the most appropriate treatment and reduce the risk of recurrent instability after surgery. The current literature suggests that coracoid and iliac crest bone block transfers are reliable for treating glenoid defects...
June 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"