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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807445/the-accuracy-of-emergency-physician-performed-ultrasonography-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-lateral-malleolar-fracture
#1
Pinar Ozturk, Ersin Aksay, Nese Colak Oray, Basak Bayram, Onur Basci, Duygu Tokgoz
OBJECTIVE: Many studies in the literature related to the investigation of the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound examinations in lateral malleolar fractures is limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound examinations performed by emergency physicians in fractures who are presented to the emergency department with blunt lateral malleolar trauma. METHOD: Patients over 18years of age who were admitted to the ED with lateral malleolar tenderness were enrolled to this study with convenience sampling...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765054/validity-and-reliability-of-turkish-version-of-olerud-molander-ankle-score-in-patients-with-malleolar-fracture
#2
Nihal Büker, Raziye Şavkın, Oğuzhan Gökalp, Nusret Ök
The present study was planned to translate and culturally adapt the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS) and assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish translation of the OMAS in patients with surgically treated malleolar fracture. The OMAS was adapted for use in Turkish by first translating it and then back-translating it in accordance with published guidelines. The final Turkish version of the OMAS was administered to 91 patients participating in the present study. The OMAS questionnaire was repeated 7 days later to assess test-retest reliability...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764972/diagnostic-accuracy-of-clinical-decision-rules-to-exclude-fractures-in-acute-ankle-injuries-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Ingrid Barelds, Wim P Krijnen, Johannes P van de Leur, Cees P van der Schans, Robert J Goddard
BACKGROUND: Ankle decision rules are developed to expedite patient care and reduce the number of radiographs of the ankle and foot. Currently, only three systematic reviews have been conducted on the accuracy of the Ottawa Ankle and Foot Rules (OAFR) in adults and children. However, no systematic review has been performed to determine the most accurate ankle decision rule. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine which clinical decision rules are the most accurate for excluding ankle fracture after acute ankle trauma...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758439/pathoanatomy-and-associated-injuries-of-posterior-malleolus-fracture-of-the-ankle
#4
Lyndon W Mason, William J Marlow, James Widnall, Andrew P Molloy
BACKGROUND: We present a classification system that progresses in severity, indicates the pathomechanics that cause the fracture and therefore guides the surgeon to what fixation will be necessary by which approach. METHODS: The primary posterior malleolar fracture fragments were characterized into 3 groups. A type 1 fracture was described as a small extra-articular posterior malleolar primary fragment. Type 2 fractures consisted of a primary fragment of the posterolateral triangle of the tibia (Volkmann area)...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758422/biomechanical-study-of-screw-fixation-and-plate-fixation-of-a-posterior-malleolar-fracture-in-a-simulation-of-the-normal-gait-cycle
#5
Xu Wang, Jianwen Yin, Chao Zhang, Chen Wang, Xiang Geng, Xin Ma, Jiazhang Huang, Chengwei Wang, Xue Wang
BACKGROUND: Fixation of posterior malleolar fractures with plates or screws is under debate. A fatigue loading system and a spatial motion capture system were used in this study to evaluate a posterior malleolar fracture model. METHODS: Thirty-six below-knee specimens with a single posterolateral fragment (Haraguchi I) type posterior malleolar fracture models were randomly divided into 2 groups. Two parallel-placed 3.5-mm partially threaded titanium alloy screws were used in Group A to fix the fractures, while anatomical plates were used in Group B...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719778/medial-malleoli-fractures-clinical-comparison-between-newly-designed-sled-device-and-conventional-screws
#6
Hemil Maniar, Harish Kempegowda, Akhil A Tawari, Michael R Rutter, Amrut Borade, Gerard Cush, Daniel S Horwitz
BACKGROUND: The Trimed Medial Malleolar Sled is a newer device designed to treat medial malleolus fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of medial malleolar fractures treated with the sled and conventional malleolar screws. METHODS: After obtaining an institutional review board approval, we conducted a retrospective study to identify all skeletally mature patients who sustained an ankle fracture with medial malleolar involvement treated with the sled and we identified a matched cohort treated with conventional malleolar screws...
August 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714535/neandertal-talus-bones-from-el-sidr%C3%A3-n-site-asturias-spain-a-3d-geometric-morphometrics-analysis
#7
Antonio Rosas, Anabel Ferrando, Markus Bastir, Antonio García-Tabernero, Almudena Estalrrich, Rosa Huguet, Daniel García-Martínez, Juan Francisco Pastor, Marco de la Rasilla
OBJECTIVES: The El Sidrón tali sample is assessed in an evolutionary framework. We aim to explore the relationship between Neandertal talus morphology and body size/shape. We test the hypothesis 1: talar Neandertal traits are influenced by body size, and the hypothesis 2: shape variables independent of body size correspond to inherited primitive features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We quantify 35 landmarks through 3D geometric morphometrics techniques to describe H...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705216/surgical-management-of-hawkins-type-iii-talar-neck-fracture-through-the-approach-of-medial-malleolar-osteotomy-and-mini-plate-for-fixation
#8
Hui Liu, Zhida Chen, Wenrong Zeng, Yuanfei Xiong, Yongzhi Lin, Huacheng Zhong, Jin Wu
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the talar neck are relatively uncommon yet current interventions suffer from a high incidence of complications and poor functional outcomes. In the present study, we report a surgical treatment of Hawkins type III talar neck fracture through the approach of medial malleolar osteotomy and mini-plate for fixation and discuss the therapeutic effects after long-term follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2015, 21 patients with 22 fractures were treated using this approach within days of sustaining the injury...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697881/incarceration-of-the-posterior-tibial-tendon-in-an-isolated-comminuted-medial-malleolus-fracture
#9
David Jaffe, Matthew W Christian, Annie Weber, R Frank Henn
Isolated medial malleolar fractures are a less common presentation of an ankle fracture. Treatment is not universally accepted, although many have agreed that any displacement warrants anatomic reduction and fixation. We present a case of an isolated, comminuted medial malleolar fracture that was displaced secondary to entrapment of the posterior tibial tendon between the fracture fragments requiring surgical intervention. The patient was treated with prompt open reduction and internal fixation and had an excellent functional outcome at 1 year...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663388/when-is-a-simple-fracture-of-the-lateral-malleolus-not-so-simple-how-to-assess-stability-which-ones-to-fix-and-the-role-of-the-deltoid-ligament
#10
N Gougoulias, A Sakellariou
Stable fractures of the ankle can be safely treated non-operatively. It is also gradually being recognised that the integrity of the 'medial column' is essential for the stability of the fracture. It is generally thought that bi- and tri-malleolar fractures are unstable, as are pronation external rotation injuries resulting in an isolated high fibular fracture (Weber type-C), where the deltoid ligament is damaged or the medial malleolus fractured. However, how best to identify unstable, isolated, trans-syndesmotic Weber type-B supination external rotation (SER) fractures of the lateral malleolus remains controversial...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642663/weber-c-ankle-fractures-with-tibiofibular-diastasis-syndesmosis-only-fixation
#11
Serkan Sipahioglu, Sinan Zehir, Erdem Isikan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate syndesmosis-only fixation in Weber C ankle fractures with tibiofibular diastasis and to assess the need for additional fibular fixation. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with Weber C ankle fractures and tibiofibular diastasis were followed for at least 24 months after treatment. In treatment of the Weber C fractures, only a syndesmosis screw was used through a mini open lateral incision if the syndesmosis could be anatomically reduced and fibular length and rotation could be restored...
May 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639869/economic-burden-of-inpatient-admission-of-ankle-fractures
#12
Justin D Stull, Suneel B Bhat, Justin M Kane, Steven M Raikin
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures are among the most prevalent traumatic orthopaedic injuries. A large proportion of patients sustaining operative ankle fractures are admitted directly from the emergency department prior to operative management. In the authors' experience, however, many closed ankle injuries may be safely and effectively managed on an outpatient basis. The aim of this study was to characterize the economic impact of routine inpatient admission of ankle fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review of all outpatient ankle fracture surgery performed by a single foot and ankle fellowship-trained surgeon at a tertiary level academic center in 2012 was conducted to identify any patients requiring postoperative inpatient admission...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633770/a-24-month-follow-up-of-a-custom-made-suture-button-assembly-for-syndesmotic-injuries-of-the-ankle
#13
Mohamed A Imam, Ahmed Matthana, Ji Wan Kim, Mohamed Nabil
In the present retrospective analysis, we introduce a custom suture-button fixation device for acute ankle syndesmotic injuries that allows for early weightbearing without another planned operation for hardware removal. We evaluated 87 consecutive ankles in 87 patients (49 males [56.32%] and 38 females [43.68%]). Of the 87 patients, 15 (17.24%) withdrew or were lost to follow-up, leaving 72 patients (82.76%) in the present study. Their mean age was 35.2 (range 17 to 67) years. Nineteen patients (26.39%) presented with a pure syndesmotic disruption, and 53 (73...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633768/comparing-different-surgical-techniques-for-addressing-the-posterior-malleolus-in-supination-external-rotation-ankle-fractures-and-the-need-for-syndesmotic-screw-fixation
#14
Mengnai Li, Rachel C Collier, Brian W Hill, Nathaniel Slinkard, Thuan V Ly
Trimalleolar ankle fractures are unstable injuries with possible syndesmotic disruption. Recent data have described inherent morbidity associated with screw fixation of the syndesmosis, including the potential for malreduction, hardware irritation, and post-traumatic arthritis. The posterior malleolus is an important soft tissue attachment for the posterior inferior syndesmosis ligament. We hypothesized that fixation of a sizable posterior malleolar (PM) fracture in supination external rotation type IV (SER IV) ankle fractures would act to stabilize the syndesmosis and minimize or eliminate the need for trans-syndesmotic fixation...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633767/temporal-variation-in-ankle-fractures-and-orthopedic-resident-program-planning-in-an-urban-level-1-trauma-center
#15
Aaron Wynkoop, Osy Ndubaku, Norman Walter, Theresa Atkinson
Previous studies have described the mechanism of ankle fractures, their seasonal variation, and fracture patterns but never in conjunction. In addition, the cohorts previously studied were either not from trauma centers or were often dominated by low-energy mechanisms. The present study aimed to describe the epidemiology of ankle fractures presenting to an urban level 1 trauma center. The records from an urban level 1 trauma center located in the Midwestern United States were retrospectively reviewed, and the injury mechanism and energy, time of injury, day of week, month, and patient characteristics (age, gender, comorbidities, smoking status) were collected...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632507/tibialis-posterior-tenosynovitis-a-unique-musculoskeletal-manifestation-of-gout
#16
Peter Shupper, Todd P Stitik
Extra-articular manifestations of gout can present in several ways, including tenosynovitis. We present a rare case of acute tibialis posterior gouty tenosynovitis. An 82-year-old man with a history of well-controlled gout presented with acute onset of left ankle pain, occurring without inciting event. The medial ankle was slightly erythematous with moderate dorsal-medial swelling and mild dorsal-lateral swelling, with severe tenderness to palpation over the medial retro-malleolar region. Range of motion and manual muscle testing were pain limited throughout...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606840/open-reduction-in-pilon-variant-posterior-malleolar-fractures-radiological-and-clinical-evaluation
#17
E Sukur, Y E Akman, H B Gokcen, E C Ozyurek, A Senel, Y Ozturkmen
BACKGROUND: Pilon variant posterior malleolar (PVPM) fractures significantly disrupt joint congruency and cause tibiotalar instability. They are often underestimated and inadequately treated. PURPOSE: This study assessed the outcomes of surgical treatment of this subtype of malleolar fracture, and examined the importance of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis and surgical treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CT images and radiographs of 67 patients with trimalleolar ankle fractures were retrospectively analyzed...
June 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545725/can-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-ipc-reduce-time-to-surgery-for-malleolar-fractures
#18
K B Arndt, A Jordy, B Viberg
BACKGROUND: Surgery of malleolar fractures are often delayed due to oedema of the ankle. The use of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) is thought to reduce oedema of the fracture site and thereby time to surgery in patients with malleolar fractures. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of IPC on the time from admission to surgery in adult patients with internal fixated primary malleolar fractures. METHODS: February 1st 2013 IPC was introduced as a standard treatment for all patients admitted with a malleolar fracture...
July 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511569/weightbearing-vs-gravity-stress-radiographs-for-stability-evaluation-of-supination-external-rotation-fractures-of-the-ankle
#19
Angela Seidel, Fabian Krause, Martin Weber
BACKGROUND: Isolated lateral malleolar fractures may result from a supination-external rotation (SER) injury of the ankle. Stable fractures maintain tibiotalar congruence due to competent medial restraints and can be treated nonoperatively with excellent functional results and long-term prognosis. Stability might be assessed with either stress radiographs or weightbearing radiographs. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with closed SER fractures (presumed AO 44-B1) were prospectively enrolled from 2008 to 2015...
July 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503349/medial-malleolar-fractures-an-anatomic-survey-determining-the-ideal-screw-length
#20
P J Labronici, R E Pires, M V Franco, R Freitas, G C Araújo, R S Pires E Albuquerque, V S Gameiro, K Jeray
BACKGROUND: Medial malleolar fractures are frequent, and their treatment is familiar to the orthopedic surgeon. Lag screw fixation using partially threaded screws remains the standard treatment method for medial malleolar fractures. However, the literature lacks a defined method for selecting lag screw length, relying more so on the empiric choice of the surgeon. AIM: The aim of this study is to help define the ideal lag screw length for medial melleolar fracture fixation...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
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