keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hiv mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651406/-survival-time-of-newly-diagnosed-hiv-aids-cases-and-related-factors-in-china-2010
#1
H L Tang, J Li, J Han, J Xu, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the survival time of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases and related factors in China in 2010. Methods: The reporting cards and follow-up cards of HIV/AIDS cases reported as of 31 December 2015 were collected from national AIDS information system. The newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases in 2010 were selected. The information of follow-up intervention, CD(4+)T cells (CD(4)) testing, antiretroviral treatment and mortality of the cases from 2010 to 2015 were analyzed. Life table method was applied to calculate the survival probability...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651014/a-decade-of-haart-in-latin-america-long-term-outcomes-among-the-first-wave-of-hiv-patients-to-receive-combination-therapy
#2
Marcelo J Wolff, Mark J Giganti, Claudia P Cortes, Pedro Cahn, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Jean W Pape, Denis Padgett, Juan Sierra-Madero, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Stephany N Duda, Catherine C McGowan, Bryan E Shepherd
BACKGROUND: In Latin America, the first wave of HIV-infected patients initiated highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) 10 or more years ago. Characterizing their treatment experience and corresponding outcomes across a decade of HAART may yield insights relevant to the ongoing care of such patients and those initiating HAART more recently in similar clinical settings. METHODS: This retrospective study included adults initiating HAART before 2004 at 8 sites in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Haiti, Honduras, and Mexico...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650982/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Meseret Abebe, Ibrahim Ali, Samuel Ayele, Johakim Overbo, Abraham Aseffa, Adane Mihret
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is highly endemic in several African countries with high mortality rate among pregnant women. The prevalence of antibodies to HEV in Ethiopian pregnant women is not known. The study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of anti-HEV IgG and anti-HEV IgM among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 386 serum samples were collected from pregnant women between April 2014 to January 2015 in Gandhi Memorial Hospital and four selected Health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650383/incomplete-viral-suppression-and-mortality-in-hiv-patients-after-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#4
Jennifer S Lee, Stephen R Cole, David B Richardson, Dirk P Dittmer, William C Miller, Richard D Moore, Mari Kitahata, Christopher Mathews, Kenneth Mayer, Elvin Geng, Chad J Achenbach, Joseph J Eron
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a threshold of detectable HIV RNA under 1,000 copies/mL after antiretroviral therapy initiation associated with 10-year all-cause mortality. DESIGN: This study included nearly 8,000 patients from a US-based multicenter clinical cohort who started antiretroviral therapy between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2013. Viral load was assessed six months after initiation of therapy. Patients were followed from six months after therapy initiation (between 1 July 1998 and 30 June 2014) until death, and data were administratively censored after 10 years or on 31 December 2014...
June 23, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649373/novel-approaches-to-hiv-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Eric S Daar
There are approximately 35 million people infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with an estimated 2 million incident infections annually across the globe. While HIV infection was initially associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, advances in therapy have transformed it into a chronic and manageable disease. In addition, there is very strong evidence that those on antiretroviral therapy are much less likely to transmit infection to their partners. The success rates for maintaining viral suppression in treated patients has dramatically increased owing to the development of agents that are potent and well tolerated and can often be co-formulated into single pills for simplification...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648859/ceftriaxone-versus-ceftriaxone-plus-a-macrolide-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-hospitalized-patients-with-hiv-aids-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Claudia Figueiredo-Mello, Pontus Naucler, Marinella D Negra, Anna S Levin
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate if treatment with ceftriaxone and a macrolide, improved patient outcome when compared with monotherapy with ceftriaxone, in hospitalized patients with HIV/AIDS with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: Adult patients with HIV hospitalized due to suspected CAP were randomized to receive one of two regimens, ceftriaxone plus macrolide or ceftriaxone plus placebo, at a 1:1 proportion (Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry: RBR-8wtq2b). The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality and the secondary outcomes were mortality within 14 days, need for vasoactive drugs, need for mechanical ventilation, time to clinical stability and length of hospitalization...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645888/hiv-strategic-information-in-non-european-union-countries-in-the-world-health-organization-european-region-capacity-development-needs
#7
Ivana Bozicevic, Senad Handanagic, Jurja Ivana Cakalo, Annemarie Rinder Stengaard, George Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Capacity building of the national HIV strategic information system is a core component of the response to the HIV epidemic as it enables understanding of the evolving nature of the epidemic, which is critical for program planning and identification of the gaps and deficiencies in HIV programs. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the results of the assessment of the needs for further development of capacities in HIV strategic information systems in the non-European Union (EU) countries in the World Health Organization European Region (EUR)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645254/comparing-self-and-provider-collected-swabbing-for-hpv-dna-testing-in-female-to-male-transgender-adult-patients-a-mixed-methods-biobehavioral-study-protocol
#8
Sari L Reisner, Madeline B Deutsch, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Timothy Cavanaugh, Dana J Pardee, Sarah McLean, Elliot J Marrow, Matthew J Mimiaga, Lori Panther, Marcy Gelman, Jamison Green, Jennifer Potter
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer, nearly all cases of which are caused by one of several high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (hr-HPV), leads to significant morbidity and mortality in individuals with a cervix. Trans masculine (TM) individuals were born with female reproductive organs and identify as male, man, transgender man, or another diverse gender identity different from their female assigned sex at birth. Routine preventive sexual health screening of TM patients is recommended, including screening for cervical cancer and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs); however, as many as one in three TM patients are not up-to-date per recommended U...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644978/immune-activation-in-prolonged-cart-suppressed-hiv-patients-is-comparable-to-that-of-healthy-controls
#9
Lennert van den Dries, Mark A A Claassen, Zwier M A Groothuismink, Eric van Gorp, Andre Boonstra
Sustained immune activation during chronic HIV infection is considered to augment co-morbidity and mortality. Effective combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has shown to dampen immune activation especially during the first year cART, but the effects of long-term cART in patients without major comorbidities remains under-investigated. We performed a comprehensive analysis including cellular, intracellular and plasma biomarkers to study the effect of cART on immune parameters in 5 groups of 10 HIV patients...
June 20, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641798/hiv-1-associated-atherosclerosis-unraveling-the-missing-link
#10
REVIEW
Alison Kearns, Jennifer Gordon, Tricia H Burdo, Xuebin Qin
Cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis-associated complications, is an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients in the post-antiretroviral therapy era. HIV alone accelerates atherosclerosis. Antiretroviral therapy; HIV-associated comorbidities, such as dyslipidemia, drug abuse, and opportunistic infections; and lifestyle are risk factors for HIV-associated atherosclerosis. However, our current understanding of HIV-associated atherogenesis is very limited and has largely been obtained from clinical observation...
June 27, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639994/hiv-care-initiation-delay-among-rural-residents-in-the-southeastern-united-states-1996-to-2012
#11
B L W Lopes, J Eron, M J Mugavero, W Miller, S Napravnik
BACKGROUND: Delaying HIV care initiation may lead to greater morbidity, mortality and further HIV transmission. Rural residence may be associated with delayed diagnosis and linkage to care, with negative clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between rural patient residence and CD4 cell count at HIV care initiation in a large HIV clinical cohort in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: We included HIV-infected patients who initiated care between 1996-2012 with a geocodable address and no prior history of HIV clinical care...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639469/barriers-and-facilitators-of-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-rural-eastern-province-zambia-the-role-of-household-economic-status
#12
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
In Zambia, more people living with HIV now have access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapy than ever before. However, progress in HIV treatment and care has not always resulted in lower mortality. Adherence remains a critical barrier to treatment success. The objective of this study was to examine the barriers and facilitators of antiretroviral therapy adherence, particularly the role of household economic status. The study included a cross-sectional sample of 101 people living with HIV (PLHIV) in two rural communities in eastern Zambia...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633458/causes-of-death-and-mortality-trends-of-all-individuals-reported-with-hiv-aids-in-israel-1985-2010
#13
Zohar Mor, Rivka Sheffer, Daniel Chemtob
Background: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed life-expectancy and mortality trends among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) since 1996. This retrospective cohort study aimed to assess the mortality epidemiology of PLWHA in Israel and analyze the causes of death. Methods: This cohort study included all adult Israeli-citizens PLWHA between 1985 and 2010 and crossed matched with the Civil Registry to identify those who died. Death certificates were classified into AIDS or non-AIDS deaths related-causes...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633331/does-timing-of-antiretroviral-treatment-influence-treatment-outcomes-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-northwest-ethiopia
#14
Endashaw M Aderie, Ermias Diro, Rony Zachariah, Marcio Silveira da Fonseca, Charles Abongomera, Bethabile L Dolamo, Koert Ritmeijer
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patients with HIV co-infection should receive antiretroviral treatment (ART). However, the best timing for initiation of ART is not known. Among such individuals, we assessed the influence of ART timing on VL outcomes. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Northwest Ethiopia among VL patients starting ART between 2008 and 2015. VL outcomes were assessed by the twelfth month of starting ART, within 4 weeks of VL diagnosis or thereafter...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#15
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628854/prevalence-and-predictors-of-hcv-among-a-cohort-of-opioid-treatment-patients-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#16
Barrot H Lambdin, Jennifer Lorvick, Jessie K Mbwambo, John Rwegasha, Saria Hassan, Paula Lum, Alex H Kral
BACKGROUND: The government of Tanzania launched an opioid treatment program (OTP), using methadone, in Dar es Salaam in February of 2011. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, especially among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a cross-sectional study among PWID engaged in OTP in Dar es Salaam to describe the prevalence and predictors of HCV antibody serostatus. METHODS: Routine programmatic data on patients enrolled in Muhimbili National Hospital's OTP clinic from February 2011 to January 2013 were utilized...
June 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628760/tuberculosis-incidence-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-with-virological-failure-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#17
Monaliza Cardozo Rebouças, Márcio Oliveira da Silva, Tatiana Haguihara, Carlos Brites, Eduardo Martins Netto
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV has led to increased survival of HIV-infected patients. However, tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading opportunistic infection and cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). TB has been shown to be a good predictor of virological failure among PLWHA. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of TB and its consequences among individuals diagnosed with virological failure of HIV. This was a retrospective cohort study involving PLWHA being followed-up in an AIDS reference center in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil...
June 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626255/underlying-cause-of-death-recorded-during-2013-to-2015-at-a-tertiary-general-hospital-in-vientiane-capital-lao-pdr
#18
Bounfeng Phoummalaysith, Viengsakhone Louangpradith, Tavanh Manivon, Bounxou Keohavong, Eiko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima
In Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), the cause of death is not registered in death reports. As a result, the government cannot produce official reports that show mortality according to cause of death. This study aimed to report the underlying cause of death in a tertiary general hospital (Mittaphab Hospital) in Vientiane capital. Mittaphab hospital is a governmental teaching hospital with 300 beds for inpatient services specialized in orthopedics, neurology, and hemodialysis. Since a children hospital exists beside Mittaphab Hospital, severe pediatric cases are referred to the child hospital...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623951/progressive-respiratory-distress-in-a-42-year-old-hiv-positive-woman-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Katongo Mutengo, Patrice Mukomena, Nason Lambwe, Owen Ngalamika
BACKGROUND: Identifying and treating the cause of pulmonary symptoms in HIV patients with underlying systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can be very challenging. Delays in diagnosing active SLE in HIV patients can lead to significant morbidity and even mortality. We report the case of an HIV-positive woman with SLE who presented with severe respiratory distress. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old HIV-positive woman presented with a 7-month history of anorexia, progressive dyspnoea, and a productive cough...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622763/treatment-decisions-and-mortality-in-hiv-positive-presumptive-smear-negative-tb-in-the-xpert%C3%A2-mtb-rif-era-a-cohort-study
#20
Sabine M Hermans, Juliet A Babirye, Olive Mbabazi, Francis Kakooza, Robert Colebunders, Barbara Castelnuovo, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Yukari C Manabe
BACKGROUND: The Xpert™ MTB/RIF (XP) has a higher sensitivity than sputum smear microscopy (70% versus 35%) for TB diagnosis and has been endorsed by the WHO for TB high burden countries to increase case finding among HIV co-infected presumptive TB patients. Its impact on the diagnosis of smear-negative TB in a routine care setting is unclear. We determined the change in diagnosis, treatment and mortality of smear-negative presumptive TB with routine use of Xpert MTB/RIF (XP). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of HIV-positive smear-negative presumptive TB patients during a 12-month period after XP implementation in a well-staffed and trained integrated TB/HIV clinic in Kampala, Uganda...
June 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
39536
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"