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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155270/efficient-hemorrhage-control-skills-training-for-healthcare-employees
#1
Richard A Sidwell, Sarah K Spilman, Richard S Huntsman, Carlos A Pelaez
BACKGROUND: Several national initiatives are aimed at training citizens to assist bleeding victims. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an effort to quickly and efficiently teach basic bleeding control techniques to a clinical and nonclinical workforce. STUDY DESIGN: The research study was conducted at four hospitals in a mid-sized metropolitan area. In spring 2017, the trauma department at a Level 1 trauma center set an ambitious goal to provide hands-on training to 1000 employees over the course of 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152326/development-of-a-communication-aid-for-explaining-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-genetic-test-results
#2
Yana Smagarinsky, Charlotte Burns, Catherine Spinks, Christopher Semsarian, Jodie Ingles
Background: Large gene panels are now commonplace for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), increasing the yield of uncertain genetic findings. Few resources exist which aim to facilitate communication of HCM genetic test results. We sought to develop, pilot, and refine a communication aid for probands receiving HCM genetic test results. Methods: Development was a multi-step process involving expertise of a multidisciplinary team, literature review, and empirical experience...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146565/development-and-usability-testing-of-a-computer-tailored-decision-support-tool-for-lung-cancer-screening-study-protocol
#3
Lisa Carter-Harris, Robert Skipworth Comer, Anurag Goyal, Emilee Christine Vode, Nasser Hanna, DuyKhanh Ceppa, Susan M Rawl
BACKGROUND: Awareness of lung cancer screening remains low in the screening-eligible population, and when patients visit their clinician never having heard of lung cancer screening, engaging in shared decision making to arrive at an informed decision can be a challenge. Therefore, methods to effectively support both patients and clinicians to engage in these important discussions are essential. To facilitate shared decision making about lung cancer screening, effective methods to prepare patients to have these important discussions with their clinician are needed...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145519/stigmatizing-attitudes-toward-people-living-with-hiv-among-general-adult-thai-population-results-from-the-5th-thai-national-health-examination-survey-nhes
#4
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Jiraluck Nontarak, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Pattapong Kessomboon, Panwadee Putwatana, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Wichai Aekplakorn
BACKGROUND: HIV-related stigma and discrimination is a significant driver of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS encourages all nations to monitor progress toward elimination of this problem. This study measured the level of stigmatizing attitudes toward people living with HIV (PLHIV) among Thai adults in the general population using recommended global tools. METHODS: Data from the 5th National Health Examination Survey, conducted in 2014 were used. The survey utilized six questions recommended by the Global Stigma and Discrimination Indicator Working Group and was administered to participants aged 20-59 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130436/hearing-technology-use-and-management-in-school-age-children-reports-from-data-logs-parents-and-teachers
#5
Samantha J Gustafson, Todd A Ricketts, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: Consistency of hearing aid and remote microphone system use declines as school-age children with hearing loss age. One indicator of hearing aid use time is data logging, another is parent report. Recent data suggest that parents overestimate their children's hearing aid use time relative to data logging. The potential reasons for this disparity remain unclear. Because school-age children spend the majority of their day away from their parents and with their teachers, reports from teachers might serve as a valuable and additional tool for estimating hearing aid use time and management...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122428/complex-problems-care-demands-and-quality-of-life-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-antiretroviral-era-in-indonesia
#6
Linlin Lindayani, Yen-Chin Chen, Jung-Der Wang, Nai-Ying Ko
People living with HIV (PLWH) suffer from physical and psychological distress that palliative care could alleviate. Our cross-sectional study identified HIV-related problems and demands for palliative care at different disease stages, and their interactions with quality of life (QOL) in 215 PLWH from a referral hospital and an AIDS nongovernmental organization in Indonesia. A brief survey of demographic information, the Bahasa version of Problems and Needs of Palliative Care, and the World Health Organization Quality of Live in HIV-infected Persons instrument (WHOQOL-HIV BREF; Cronbach's alpha = ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112797/exploring-anatomy-and-physiology-using-ipad-applications
#7
Tandra R Chakraborty, Deborah F Cooperstein
This study examined the use of iPads with anatomy applications (apps) in the laboratory sections of the largest undergraduate course at the university, Anatomy and Physiology, serving more than 300 students. The majority of these students were nursing, exercise science/physical education and biology majors. With a student survey (student opinion) and student practicum grades as metrics, this study determined whether the introduction of this novel mobile technology improved student grades and aided the students in learning the course material...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079109/results-of-a-surgical-simulation-course-designed-to-improve-surgery-clerkship-performance
#8
Joseph LaPorta, Tanner McClure, Michael E Tieman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the 2015-2016 academic year, Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine (RVUCOM) conducted a required 1-week surgical simulation course as the first week of students' 8-week surgical clerkship. This course was adapted from a pilot RVUCOM surgical simulation course and other surgical simulation courses identified in the literature. The objectives of this course were to teach surgical skills and clinical knowledge, aid students in adjusting to the stress of a surgical clerkship, and improve students' confidence and abilities during the clerkship...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072219/correlation-of-mucocutaneous-manifestations-of-hiv-infected-patients-in-an-art-center-with-cd4-counts
#9
Sonal Lahoti, Kavita Rao, H S Umadevi, Lakshmi Mishra
BACKGROUND: As the search for reliable clinical indicators for management of human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS continues, mucocutaneous manifestations of HIV are considered among key clinical indicators for prediction of underlying degree of immunosuppression, systemic opportunistic infections, and disease progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To study the prevalence of mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV-seropositive patients attending the ART center of our hospital (2) To correlate mucocutaneous manifestations with CD4 cell counts...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068714/adaptation-of-the-hiv-aids-self-management-education-program-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-an-application-of-the-adapt-itt-framework
#10
Natawan Khumsaen, Rob Stephenson
This formative research aimed to describe the use of the ADAPT-ITT framework to modify the HASMEP for use with HIV-positive Thai men who have sex with men (MSM). We selected, adapted, and tested the acceptability and feasibility of the HASMEP intervention for delivery in an HIV clinic in Thailand. We chose to base our adaptation on the HASMEP that was initially developed in South Africa. The ADAPT-ITT framework was used to guide the study. Our adaptation was informed by qualitative data collected during focus groups from 48 participants (40 HIV-positive Thai MSM and 8 health care providers) and online surveys of Thai MSM...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067984/association-between-intimate-partner-violence-hiv-aids-exploring-the-pathways-in-indian-context
#11
Seema Patrikar, Dashrath Basannar, Vijay Bhatti, Kunal Chatterjee, Ajoy Mahen
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Violence against women cutting across diverse socio-economic classes is an under-recognized human rights violation in the world. This analysis was undertaken to examine the prevalence along with predictors of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its association with HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Indian ever-married women. METHODS: The data obtained from 2005 to 2006 third round of National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) were used in this study...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061408/predictors-of-non-suicidal-and-suicidal-self-injurious-behaviours-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-urban-india
#12
Poornima Bhola, Munivenkatappa Manjula, Vanitha Rajappa, Mariamma Phillip
BACKGROUND: The complex intersections between non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviours; like cutting, burning or self-hitting, and suicide attempts, are an important domain of enquiry among vulnerable adolescents and young adults. A cross-sectional survey in urban schools and colleges assessed the rates of self-injurious behaviour among Indian adolescents and young adults. Predictors of NSSI and of self-injurious behaviours with associated suicidal intent, were also examined. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 1571 male and female students, from 19 private and government aided high schools, pre-university colleges and undergraduate colleges in an urban city in South India...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049626/ecological-momentary-assessment-feasibility-construct-validity-and-future-applications
#13
Barbra H B Timmer, Louise Hickson, Stefan Launer
Purpose: This research assessed the feasibility and construct validity of ecological momentary assessment in capturing the hearing experiences of adults with mild hearing impairment in natural environments. Method: Twenty-nine adults between the ages of 55 and 79 years (M = 69 years) answered multiple surveys on a smartphone app over a 2-week trial. Participants also wore 1 environmental classifier and a streamer allowing bidirectional communication between smartphone and classifier...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049538/3d-printed-mitral-valve-models-affordable-simulation-for-robotic-mitral-valve-repair
#14
Ned Premyodhin, Divneet Mandair, Alice S Ferng, Timothy S Leach, Ryan P Palsma, Mohammad Z Albanna, Zain I Khalpey
OBJECTIVES: 3D printed mitral valve (MV) models that capture the suture response of real tissue may be utilized as surgical training tools. Leveraging clinical imaging modalities, 3D computerized modelling and 3D printing technology to produce affordable models complements currently available virtual simulators and paves the way for patient- and pathology-specific preoperative rehearsal. METHODS: We used polyvinyl alcohol, a dissolvable thermoplastic, to 3D print moulds that were casted with liquid platinum-cure silicone yielding flexible, low-cost MV models capable of simulating valvular tissue...
July 31, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041790/a-retrospective-study-of-anthrax-on-the-ghaap-plateau-northern-cape-province-of-south-africa-with-special-reference-to-the-2007-2008-outbreaks
#15
Ayesha Hassim, Edgar H Dekker, Charles Byaruhanga, Tommy Reardon, Henriette Van Heerden
Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by the gram-positive, endospore-forming and soil-borne bacterium Bacillus anthracis. When in spore form, the organism can survive in dormancy in the environment for decades. It is a controlled disease of livestock and wild ungulates in South Africa. In South Africa, the two enzootic regions are the Kruger National Park and the Ghaap Plateau in the Northern Cape province. Farms on the Plateau span thousands of hectares comprising of wildlife - livestock mixed use farming...
September 28, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035977/long-term-safety-of-using-local-anesthetic-injections-in-professional-rugby-league-for-modified-indications
#16
Safaa Sebak, John W Orchard, Leigh D Golding, Elizabeth Steet, Steph A Brennan, Ameer Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To assess and evaluate the long-term safety of local anesthetic injections before or during games in professional rugby league players. DESIGN: Retrospective case series; Level of evidence, 4. SETTING: Professional rugby league team. PARTICIPANTS: Sydney Roosters players over a 6-year period (2008-2013), who had been administered a local anesthetic injection for an injury before or during a match to aid return to play...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034010/developing-a-framework-of-gastronomic-systems-research-to-unravel-drivers-of-food-choice
#17
Rosa Paula Cuevas, Annalyn de Guia, Matty Demont
Nutritional and dietary interventions and the introduction of novel food products and ingredients require a thorough understanding of the drivers of food choice, which are embedded in local context and culture. We developed a framework of "gastronomic systems research" (GSR) to understand culture-specific consumer food choice, and contextualise it to a target population of urban, middle- to high-income Filipino consumers to assess the domestic niche market potential of traditional rice varieties in the Philippines...
October 2017: Int J Gastron Food Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028878/web-based-drug-repurposing-tools-a-survey
#18
Elizabeth Sam, Prashanth Athri
Drug repurposing (a.k.a. drug repositioning) is the search for new indications or molecular targets distinct from a drug's putative activity, pharmacological effect or binding specificities. With the ever-increasing rates of termination of drugs in clinical trials, drug repositioning has risen as one of the effective solutions against the risk of drug failures. Repositioning finds a way to reverse the grim but real trend that Eroom's law portends for the pharmaceutical and biotech industry, and drug discovery in general...
October 6, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026188/practitioner-evaluation-of-an-online-oral-health-and-risk-assessment-tool-for-young-patients
#19
M Busby, S Fayle, L Chapple, H Clover, I Chapple
Aim To test the validity and acceptability of an online oral health assessment and biofeedback tool for young patients (under 17) for use in general dental practice.Methods A convenience sample of thirteen practitioners were recruited to test the functionality of a novel version of the Denplan PreViser Patient Assessment tool (DEPPA) developed for young patients (YDEPPA). Dentists who had completed eight or more assessments during a one month window were sent a link to an online feedback survey, comprising eight statements about YDEPPA, with scoring options of 0-10, where a score of 10 indicated complete agreement with the relevant questions...
November 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023510/reaching-the-first-90-gaps-in-coverage-of-hiv-testing-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-16-african-countries
#20
Sarah Staveteig, Trevor N Croft, Kathryn T Kampa, Sara K Head
BACKGROUND: UNAIDS has recently proposed a set of three ambitious targets that, if achieved, are predicted to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The targets, known as 90-90-90, call for 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their status, 90% of PLHIV to receive antiretroviral therapy, and 90% of those on antiretroviral therapy to achieve viral suppression by the year 2020. We examine the first of these targets, focusing on sub-Saharan Africa, the region of the world most affected by HIV, to measure the proportion of PLHIV estimated to know their HIV status, and to identify background and behavioral characteristics significantly associated with gaps in ever testing among PLHIV...
2017: PloS One
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