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Aids indicator survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777487/factors-affecting-the-public-awareness-and-behavior-on-antibiotic-use
#1
Kyungmin Huh, Doo Ryeon Chung, So Hyun Kim, Sun Young Cho, Young Eun Ha, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck, Jae-Hoon Song
To evaluate the effects of demographic and perceptive factors on the knowledge, perception, and behavior regarding antibiotic use in the general public, we conducted three serial telephone interview surveys in 2010, 2012, and 2015. Computer-aided telephone interview was conducted, with a predetermined quota stratified by sex, age, and geographic location. Respondents who answered correctly to four or more questions were categorized as having better knowledge. A total of 3013 respondents participated. Better knowledge was associated with age < 60 years (OR 1...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774632/an-exploration-of-the-non-iterative-time-trade-off-method-to-value-health-states
#2
Yan Feng, Arne Risa Hole, Milad Karimi, Aki Tsuchiya, Ben van Hout
Time Trade-Off (TTO) usually relies on "iteration," which is susceptible to bias. Discrete Choice Experiment with duration (or DCETTO ) is free of such bias, but respondents find this cognitively more challenging. This paper explores non-iterative TTO with or without lead time: NI(LT)TTO. In NI(LT)TTO, respondents see a series of independent pairwise choices without iteration (similar to DCETTO ), but one of the two scenarios always involves full health for a shorter duration (similar to TTO). We compare three different "types" of NI(LT)TTO relative to DCETTO ...
May 17, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762910/-why-did-you-really-do-it-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-the-factors-underpinning-motivations-to-register-as-a-body-donor
#3
Jon Cornwall, Zoe Poppelwell, Ruth McManus
Individuals who register as body donors do so for various reasons, with aiding medical science a common motivation. Despite awareness of several key reasons for donation, there are few in-depth explorations of these motivations to contextualize persons' reasons for donating. This study undertakes a mixed-method exploration of motivations for body donation to facilitate deeper understanding of the reasons underpinning donor registration. A survey of all newly registered body donors at a New Zealand university was performed over a single year...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762863/objective-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Blathin Casey, Susan Coote, Rose Galvin, Alan Donnelly
PURPOSE: To quantify physical activity (PA) levels in people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) using objective measurement and to establish using a meta-analytical approach if pwMS are less active than the general population. METHODS: A systematic search of 8 databases was conducted. Cohort and intervention studies which included an objective measure of PA were included. Objective PA outputs of steps per day and minutes of moderate-vigorous activity (MVPA) per day were extracted from the MS studies and the published NHANES dataset...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706667/limited-impact-of-an-invasive-oyster-on-intertidal-assemblage-structure-and-biodiversity-the-importance-of-environmental-context-and-functional-equivalency-with-native-species
#5
Nadescha Zwerschke, Philip R Hollyman, Romy Wild, Robin Strigner, John R Turner, Jonathan W King
Impacts of invasive species are context dependent and linked to the ecosystem they occur within. To broaden the understanding of the impact of a globally widespread invasive oyster, Crassostrea ( Magallana ) gigas, intertidal surveys were carried out at 15 different sites in Europe. The impact of C. gigas on macro- (taxa surrounding oyster > 1 cm) and epifaunal (taxa on oyster < 1 cm) benthic communities and α and β-diversity was assessed and compared to those associated with native ecosystem engineers, including the flat oyster Ostrea edulis ...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704979/improving-emergency-health-care-workers-knowledge-competency-and-attitudes-toward-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patients-through-interdisciplinary-cultural-competency-training
#6
Sarah Bristol, Teresa Kostelec, Ryan MacDonald
INTRODUCTION: Emergency staff members have a unique role in providing episodic care to marginalized populations. The lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community is a marginalized population that is routinely encountered by ED staff. Implicit prejudice may influence emergency staff interactions and contribute to distrust of health care providers by some members of the LGBT community. The purpose of our study is to evaluate aggregate ED health care team member's knowledge and attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people pre- and post-cultural competency training education...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703184/knowledge-perception-and-practices-towards-sickle-cell-disease-a-community-survey-among-adults-in-lubaga-division-kampala-uganda
#7
Sharifu K Tusuubira, Ritah Nakayinga, Bashir Mwambi, John Odda, Sylvia Kiconco, Alimah Komuhangi
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the burden of Sickle Cell disease (SCD) has not been amply addressed. In Africa, Uganda has the 5th highest burden, a situation aggravated by limited and inaccessible formal social support structures to aid patients and families cope better with the psychosocial burden of SCD. In addition, this has been coupled with stigmatization and discrimination of people living with sickle cell disease causing isolation from family and society. METHOD: This cross sectional study therefore set out to determine the attitudes, perception and level of awareness towards Sickle Cell disease in Ugandan communities...
April 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700041/electronic-cigarette-prevalence-and-patterns-of-use-in-adults-with-a-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states
#8
Andrew Stokes, Jason M Collins, Kaitlyn M Berry, Lindsay M Reynolds, Jessica L Fetterman, Carlos J Rodriguez, Michael B Siegel, Emelia J Benjamin
BACKGROUND: Characterizing electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use patterns is important for guiding tobacco regulatory policy and projecting the future burden of tobacco-related diseases. Few studies have examined patterns of e-cigarette use in individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined e-cigarette use in adults aged 18 to 89 years with a history of CVD, using data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. We investigated associations between ever and current e-cigarette use and smoking with multivariable logistic regression...
April 26, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699544/longitudinal-association-between-change-in-the-neighbourhood-built-environment-and-the-wellbeing-of-local-residents-in-deprived-areas-an-observational-study
#9
Louise Foley, Emma Coombes, Dan Hayman, David Humphreys, Andrew Jones, Richard Mitchell, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Features of the urban neighbourhood influence the physical, social and mental wellbeing of residents and communities. We explored the longitudinal association between change to the neighbourhood built environment and the wellbeing of local residents in deprived areas of Glasgow, Scotland. METHODS: A cohort of residents (n = 365; mean age 50 years; 44% male; 4.1% of the 9000 mailed surveys at baseline) responded to a postal survey in 2005 and 2013...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692313/the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-antibody-in-hiv-negative-persons-in-kenya-2007
#10
Kathleen N Ly, Andrea A Kim, Jan Drobenuic, Maja Kodani, Joel M Montgomery, Barry S Fields, Eyasu H Teshale
The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the Kenyan population has not been previously determined. We estimated the Kenyan HCV prevalence in HIV-negative persons aged 15-64 years. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study using data from the 2007 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey-a nationally representative sample of 15,853 persons aged 15-64 years who completed a health interview and provided a blood specimen. Of the 1,091 randomly selected participants, 50 tested positive for HCV antibody using the automated chemiluminescence immunoassay, corresponding to a weighted HCV antibody positivity rate of 4...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688750/an-online-catalog-of-muscle-variants-student-perceptions-of-a-new-opportunity-for-self-directed-learning
#11
Logan S Bale, Sean O Herrin, Natasha M Brandt, Naomi M Enos
OBJECTIVE: Muscle variants are common findings in dissection laboratories. These anomalous structures can be relevant in the diagnosis and management of certain conditions and therefore could be incorporated into anatomy curricula at chiropractic colleges. We aimed to create an online resource of muscle variants to facilitate student self-directed learning within this area of study. METHODS: At the time of their discovery during routine educational dissection, muscle variants included in the catalog were documented and subsequent case reports written...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673367/comparing-the-importance-of-quality-measurement-themes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-inflammatory-myositis-between-patients-and-families-and-healthcare-professionals
#12
Heather O Tory, Ruy Carrasco, Thomas Griffin, Adam M Huber, Philip Kahn, Angela Byun Robinson, David Zurakowski, Susan Kim
BACKGROUND: A standardized set of quality measures for juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (JIIM) is not in use. Discordance has been shown between the importance ascribed to quality measures between patients and families and physicians. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the importance of various aspects of high quality care to patients with JIIM and their families with healthcare providers, to aid in future development of comprehensive quality measures. METHODS: Surveys were developed by members of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Juvenile Dermatomyositis Workgroup through a consensus process and administered to patients and families through the CureJM Foundation and to healthcare professionals through CARRA...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671079/-practice-of-early-detection-of-prostate-cancer-descriptive-survey-in-preparation-for-the-psainform-study
#13
A Simbrich, A Semjonow, N Donner-Banzhoff, H-W Hense
BACKGROUND: The randomized controlled PSAInForm study aims to investigate the effects of a computer-based decision aid which informs men in the age group 55-69 years about advantages and disadvantages of PSA testing. In preparation for the study, the current PSA testing practice in the Münster district was assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The frequencies of early detection examinations, medically indicated PSA tests, and prostate biopsies in the Münster district were determined, using aggregated data from the regional association of Statutory Health Insurance (SHI) Physicians in Westfalen-Lippe...
April 18, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619349/how-well-are-we-doing-at-teaching-critical-appraisal-skills-to-our-residents-a-needs-assessment-of-plastic-surgery-journal-club
#14
Nicole Hryciw, Aaron Knox, Jugpal S Arneja
Objective: To perform a needs assessment of journal club in plastic surgery residency programs. Specifically, this study focused on potential gaps in journal club associated with teaching and assessing critical appraisal of the literature, an important component of medical education and practice. Methods: This is a qualitative study that utilized an online survey tool to collect information about the characteristics of journal club in plastic surgery residency programs in both Canada and the United States...
November 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619283/humanitarian-needs-in-government-controlled-areas-of-syria
#15
Shannon Doocy, Emily Lyles
Background: Five years of conflict in Syria have led to 13.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and 6.6 million internally displaced people. Humanitarian needs are ever-increasing as an inability to maintain humanitarian corridors and ceasefires continue. In light of the protracted nature of the conflict, immense needs, and dearth of large-scale data, we undertook this assessment to inform humanitarian response. Methods: A survey of accessible areas, which were largely urban and government controlled, was undertaken from April - June 2016 to identify unmet needs and assistance priorities...
February 15, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596682/helping-the-healer-population-informed-workplace-wellness-recommendations-for-physician-well-being
#16
E Brooks, S R Early, M H Gendel, L Miller, D C Gundersen
Background: The need to keep physicians healthy and in practice is critical as demand for doctors grows faster than the supply. Workplace wellness programmes can improve employee health and retain skilled workers. Aims: To broaden our understanding about ways to help doctors coping with mental health problems and to develop population-informed workplace wellness recommendations for physician populations. Methods: Researchers surveyed physicians to document potential warning signs and prevention strategies...
March 27, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594312/the-effect-of-partner-reauditorization-on-undergraduates-attitudes-toward-a-peer-who-communicates-with-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#17
Jolene Hyppa-Martin, Joe Reichle
Purpose: This study compared college students' attitudes toward a peer who used a nonelectronic augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system with and without a partner reauditorization strategy and also examined the effect of reauditorization on reported (a) ease of understanding the peer who used AAC, (b) willingness to engage in interactions with the peer who used AAC, and (c) preferences regarding AAC systems. Method: Sixty-four participants completed surveys after viewing each of 2 counterbalanced conditions involving a video of a peer who communicated using AAC...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590483/building-capacity-for-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-through-a-large-cross-agency-acupuncture-training-program-lessons-learned-from-a-military-health-system-and-veterans-health-administration-joint-initiative-project
#18
Richard Niemtzow, John Baxter, Rollin M Gallagher, Arnyce Pock, Kathryn Calabria, David Drake, Kevin Galloway, Joan Walter, Richard Petri, Thomas Piazza, Stephen Burns, Lew Hofmann, John Biery, Chester Buckenmaier
Introduction: Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) use in the USA continues to expand, including within the Military Health System (MHS) and Veterans Health Administration (VHA). To mitigate the opioid crisis and provide additional non-pharmacological pain management options, a large cross-agency collaborative project sought to develop and implement a systems-wide curriculum, entitled Acupuncture Training Across Clinical Settings (ATACS). Materials and Methods: ATACS curriculum content and structure were created and refined over the course of the project in response to consultations with Subject Matter Experts and provider feedback...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557218/prospective-utility-study-of-patients-with-multiple-cardiovascular-events
#19
Rhys D Pockett, Phil McEwan, Joshua Ray, Irwin Tran, Simon Shutler, Steven Martin, Zaheer Yousef, Ameet Bakhai
OBJECTIVES: The effects of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events on health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) and the time dependency of these effects are unknown. This study aimed to characterize health utilities in ACS patients to aid development of future economic models estimating the cost per quality-adjusted life-year impact of ACS events and potential treatments. METHODS: Multi-center, non-interventional, longitudinal evaluation of health utility in patients experiencing ACS or stroke events...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548038/walking-aid-use-in-canada-prevalence-and-demographic-characteristics-among-community-dwelling-users
#20
Caroline Charette, Krista L Best, Emma M Smith, William C Miller, François Routhier
Background: Mobility limitations represent the third most prevalent cause of disability, affecting more than 1.9 million community-dwelling Canadians. Walking aids are often prescribed to reduce the impacts of mobility impairments. There are limited data on walking aids since 2004. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of walking aid use in Canada and to explore demographic characteristics among users of walking aids. Design: The design used was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional national survey...
March 14, 2018: Physical Therapy
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