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Aids indicator survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922180/qualitative-case-studies-of-professional-level-workers-with-traumatic-brain-injuries-a-contextual-approach-to-job-accommodation-and-retention
#1
Richard T Roessler, Phillip D Rumrill, Stuart P Rumrill, Deborah L Minton, Deborah J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson, Callista Stauffer, Marcia J Scherer, Amanda Nardone, Anne Leopold, Karen Jacobs, Eileen Elias
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a multi-systemic disability that causes a wide range of difficulties with personal and social functioning. METHODS: Four individuals with TBI participated in an evaluation of barriers to their continued employment following graduation from college. A trained interviewer completed the Work Experience Survey (WES) in teleconsultation sessions with each participant. RESULTS: Researchers applied a qualitative case study research design...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906243/pediatric-hearing-aid-management-challenges-among-hispanic-families
#3
Ana Caballero, Karen Muñoz, Karl White, Lauri Nelson, Melanie Domenech-Rodriguez, Michael Twohig
BACKGROUND: Hearing aid fitting in infancy has become more common in the United States as a result of earlier identification of hearing loss. Consistency of hearing aid use is an area of concern for young children, as well as other hearing aid management challenges parents encounter that may contribute to less-than-optimal speech and language outcomes. Research that describes parent hearing aid management experiences of Spanish-speaking Hispanic families, or the extent of their needs, is not available...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893131/delinquency-among-members-of-hong-kong-youth-street-gangs-the-role-of-the-organizational-structures-of-gangs-and-triad-affiliations
#4
Wing Hong Chui, Paul Vinod Khiatani
This study explores the importance of organizational structures and formal affiliations with the Hong Kong triads to delinquency among youth street gang members in Hong Kong. More specifically, this study examines the relative importance of the number of organizational structures and triad affiliation to patterns of delinquency in a sample of active members of youth street gangs ( N = 201). With the aid of outreach social workers, a convenience sampling method was used to recruit a gender-balanced sample of at-risk youths...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891716/implementation-of-a-county-township-village-allied-hiv-prevention-and-control-intervention-in-rural-china
#5
Jun Yu, Yi Zhang, Junjun Jiang, Qinglin Lu, Bingyu Liang, Deping Liu, Keyong Fang, Jiegang Huang, Yang He, Chuanyi Ning, Yanyan Liao, Jingzhen Lai, Wudi Wei, Fengxiang Qin, Li Ye, Wenkui Geng, Hao Liang
In China, rural areas are a weak link of HIV/AIDS prevention and control. From September 2011, an innovative "county-township-village" allied intervention was implemented in Longzhou County, Guangxi, which assigned the tasks of HIV/AIDS prevention and control to the county Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), township hospitals, and village clinics, respectively, instead of traditional intervention in which the county CDC undertook the entire work. A 6-year consecutive cross-sectional survey, including 3-year traditional intervention (2009-2011) and 3-year innovative intervention (2012-2014), was conducted to evaluate the effects of the new intervention...
September 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888695/characterization-of-seasonal-reproductive-and-stress-steroid-hormones-in-wild-radiated-tortoises-astrochelys-radiata
#6
Andrea F T Currylow, Tsilavo H Rafeliarisoa, Edward E Louis, Craig B Stanford, Soary T Randrianjafizanaka, Sarah M Chinn, Daniel E Crocker
The critically endangered Radiated Tortoise (Astrochelys radiata) is endemic to the southern coastlines of Madagascar. Once common, wild populations of this tortoise have undergone dramatic declines in recent years. Although there have been studies documenting reproductive activities, reproductive physiological parameters are unknown yet may be crucial in the recovery of the species. Over four research seasons in remote field locations native to A. radiata, we surveyed for, radio-tracked, and sampled wild, free ranging tortoises...
September 6, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882887/cut-points-for-identifying-clinically-significant-diabetes-distress-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-using-the-paid-teen-results-from-diabetes-miles-youth-australia
#7
Virginia Hagger, Christel Hendrieckx, Fergus Cameron, Frans Pouwer, Timothy C Skinner, Jane Speight
OBJECTIVE: To establish cut point(s) for the Problem Areas in Diabetes-Teens (PAID-T) scale to identify adolescents with clinically meaningful, elevated diabetes distress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were available from the Diabetes Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success (MILES) Youth-Australia Study, a national survey assessing various psychosocial indicators among self-selected National Diabetes Services Scheme registrants. Participants in the current study (n = 537) were (mean ± SD) 16 ± 2 years old, had type 1 diabetes for 6 ± 4 years, and 62% (n = 334) were girls...
September 7, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878871/a-behavioral-and-serological-survey-on-hiv-prevalence-among-prisoners-in-benin
#8
S Hessou, V Dougnon, Y Glele-Ahanhanzo, B C A Imorou, C Ahoussinou, B Legba, D M Zannou, L Baba-Moussa
Cases of HIV are common in Benin, with infection rates varying according to socioeconomic and cultural factors, and by region. Certain segments of the population, such as prison inmates, sex worker clients and truck drivers are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to identify which behavioral and serological indicators contribute to the spread of HIV among prisoners. A total of 496 inmates from prisons located in all major cities in Benin were surveyed. Data was collected through interview sessions carried out using a questionnaire and through blood samples...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862017/health-status-food-insecurity-and-time-allocation-patterns-of-patients-with-aids-receiving-antiretroviral-treatment-in-south-africa
#9
Alok Bhargava, Frederik Le Roux Booysen, Corinna M Walsh
For patients with AIDS receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) in South Africa via public clinics, improvements in nutritional status and economic productivity are likely to depend on adherence to drug regimen and quality of diet reflected in protein and micronutrient intakes. This study randomized 643 patients receiving ART from public clinics in the Free State Province into a Control group, a treatment group receiving adherence support, and a treatment group receiving adherence support and a nutritious food supplement...
September 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845564/demographics-farm-and-reproductive-management-strategies-used-in-australian-automatic-milking-systems-compared-with-regionally-proximal-conventional-milking-systems
#10
D M Keeper, K L Kerrisk, J K House, S C Garcia, P Thomson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the management practices utilised in automatic milking systems (AMS) that affect reproductive management and performance and how these compare with the management practices used in regionally proximal conventional milking systems (CMS). METHODS: This study examined demographic and management data from AMS and CMS dairy farms through a survey, with a specific focus on reproductive management procedures. RESULTS: Overall, responses from AMS and CMS dairy farms showed little difference in terms of respondent demographics, farm size, herd structure and most farm management strategies...
September 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841249/assessing-physician-knowledge-regarding-indications-for-a-primary-prevention-implantable-defibrillator-and-potential-barriers-for-referral
#11
Rochelle Bernier, Satish R Raj, Dat Tran, Lucy Reyes, Michel Sauve, Glen L Sumner, Derek V Exner, Roopinder K Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Although there is clear evidence to demonstrate that primary prevention implantable defibrillators (ICDs) reduce mortality in high-risk patients, ICDs are underutilized. Limited data exist assessing referring physicians' knowledge about guideline indications and attitudes towards ICDs, which may influence decision for referral. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Arrhythmia Working Group from the Alberta Cardiovascular and Stroke Strategic Clinical Network developed a web-based survey consisting of case scenarios regarding primary prevention ICD indications and a list of barriers for referral to aid in the design of a complex device care pathway...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837500/the-role-of-collective-labor-contracts-and-individual-characteristics-on-job-satisfaction-in-tuscan-nursing-homes
#12
Milena Vainieri, Pierluigi Smaldone, Antonella Rosa, Kathleen Carroll
BACKGROUND: The role played by remuneration strategies in motivating health care professionals is one of the most studied factors. Some studies of nursing home (NH) services, while considering wages and labor market characteristics, do not explicitly account for the influence of the contract itself. PURPOSE: This study investigates the relationship between the labor contracts applied in 62 Tuscan NHs and NH aides' job satisfaction with two aims: to investigate the impact of European contracts on employee satisfaction in health care services and to determine possible limitations of research not incorporating these contracts...
August 23, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830503/an-economic-evaluation-of-the-healthcare-cost-of-tinnitus-management-in-the-uk
#13
David Stockdale, Don McFerran, Peter Brazier, Clive Pritchard, Tony Kay, Christopher Dowrick, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: There is no standard treatment pathway for tinnitus patients in the UK. Possible therapies include education and reassurance, cognitive behavioural therapies, modified tinnitus retraining therapy (education and sound enrichment), or amplification of external sound using hearing aids. However, the effectiveness of most therapies is somewhat controversial. As health services come under economic pressure to deploy resources more effectively there is an increasing need to demonstrate the value of tinnitus therapies, and how value may be continuously enhanced...
August 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818148/cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-on-providing-volunteer-care-for-in-flight-medical-events
#14
Eric Chatfield, William F Bond, Bradley McCay, Claude Thibeault, Paulo M Alves, Marc Squillante, Joshua Timpe, Courtney J Cook, Raymond E Bertino
BACKGROUND: Airline carriers have equipment, procedures, and protocols in place to handle in-flight medical events (IFMEs). Community physicians may be asked for aid during IFMEs. Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians on Providing Volunteer Care for In-Flight Medical Events surveyed self-assessed awareness and knowledge, perceived barriers, and suggestions for improving responses to IFMEs. METHODS: We composed a survey regarding clinicians' self-assessed understanding of in-flight resources, procedures, flight environmental issues, and Good Samaritan protections...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797295/exploring-differences-in-the-use-of-the-statin-choice-decision-aid-and-diabetes-medication-choice-decision-aid-in-primary-care
#15
Aimee Yu Ballard, Maya Kessler, Marianne Scheitel, Victor M Montori, Rajeev Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making is essential to patient centered care, but can be difficult for busy clinicians to implement into practice. Tools have been developed to aid in shared decision making and embedded in electronic medical records (EMRs) to facilitate use. This study was undertaken to explore the patterns of use and barriers and facilitators to use of two decision aids, the Statin Choice Decision Aid (SCDA) and the Diabetes Medication Choice Decision Aid (DMCDA), in primary care practices where the decision aids are embedded in the EMR...
August 10, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783072/stated-preferences-for-dog-characteristics-and-sources-of-acquisition
#16
Courtney Bir, Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Candace C Croney
People's preferences for where they acquire dogs and the characteristics they focus on may provide insight into their perceptions of socially responsible pet ownership, as acquiring a dog is the first step in dog ownership. An online survey of 1523 U.S. residents was used to aid understanding of public perceptions of dog acquisition. Likert-scale questions allowed respondents to assign a level of agreement, within the given scale, to ten statements related to dog acquisition. A significantly higher percentage of women (39...
August 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771939/german-national-cancer-aid-monitoring-2015-2019-study-protocol-and-initial-results
#17
Sven Schneider, Tatiana Görig, Laura Schilling, Eckhard W Breitbart, Rüdiger Greinert, Katharina Diehl
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The National Cancer Aid Monitoring of Tanning Bed Use (NCAM) project is a major German study that aims to observe the most significant risk factors for skin cancer: natural sunlight and artificial UV radiation. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: NCAM is a nationwide cross-sectional survey that will initially involve four rounds of data collection (so-called waves) between 2015 and 2018. Every year, a representative nationwide sample consisting of 3,000 individuals aged between 14 and 45 years will be surveyed...
August 3, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771494/healthcare-and-sociodemographic-conditions-related-to-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-a-state-representative-population-federal-district-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Douglas Dos Santos Moreira, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe maternal morbidity (SMM)-a potentially life-threatening condition during pregnancy, childbirth or after termination of pregnancy-can be used as a quality indicator of the health care provided to mothers and children. The aim of this study was to investigate the SMM rate and the main factors associated with this condition among women living in the Federal District, Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based sample survey using a structured questionnaire about the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants' families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768319/evaluating-random-error-in-clinician-administered-surveys-theoretical-considerations-and-clinical-applications-of-interobserver-reliability-and-agreement
#19
Rebecca J Bennett, Dunay S Taljaard, Michelle Olaithe, Chris Brennan-Jones, Robert H Eikelboom
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to raise awareness of interobserver concordance and the differences between interobserver reliability and agreement when evaluating the responsiveness of a clinician-administered survey and, specifically, to demonstrate the clinical implications of data types (nominal/categorical, ordinal, interval, or ratio) and statistical index selection (for example, Cohen's kappa, Krippendorff's alpha, or interclass correlation). Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 3 clinical audiologists, who were masked to each other's scores, administered the Practical Hearing Aid Skills Test-Revised to 18 adult owners of hearing aids...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767491/medical-student-perceptions-of-global-surgery-at-an-academic-institution-identifying-gaps-in-global-health-education
#20
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Matthew Murray, Kathleen M Casey
PURPOSE: Robust global health demands access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care for all. The long-term success of global surgery requires medical students to understand and engage with this emerging field. The authors characterized medical students' perceptions of surgical care relative to other fields within global health. METHOD: An optional, anonymous survey was given to all Johns Hopkins medical students from February to March 2016 to assess perceptions of surgical care and its role in global health...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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