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Aids indicator survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907114/rates-and-predictors-of-non-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-individuals-in-kenya-results-from-the-second-kenya-aids-indicator-survey-2012
#1
Irene N Mukui, Lucy Ng'ang'a, John Williamson, Joyce N Wamicwe, Shobha Vakil, Abraham Katana, Andrea A Kim
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the levels and associated factors of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial in designing interventions to improve adherence and health outcomes of ART. We assessed non-adherence to ART among HIV-infected persons reporting ART use in a nationally representative survey in Kenya. METHODS: The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012 was a population-based, household survey of persons aged 18 months-64 years conducted in 2012-2013...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905934/estimation-of-country-specific-and-global-prevalence-of-male-circumcision
#2
Brian J Morris, Richard G Wamai, Esther B Henebeng, Aaron Ar Tobian, Jeffrey D Klausner, Joya Banerjee, Catherine A Hankins
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) status and genital infection risk are interlinked and MC is now part of HIV prevention programs worldwide. Current MC prevalence is not known for all countries globally. Our aim was to provide estimates for country-specific and global MC prevalence. METHODS: MC prevalence data were obtained by searches in PubMed, Demographic and Health Surveys, AIDS Indicator Surveys, and Behavioural Surveillance Surveys. Male age was ≥15 years in most surveys...
March 1, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903297/variability-of-staffing-and-staff-mix-across-acute-care-units-in-alberta-canada
#3
Krishna Sharma, Stephanie E Hastings, Esther Suter, Judy Bloom
BACKGROUND: The health workforce has a crucial position in healthcare, and effective distribution of the workforce is one of the critical areas for healthcare improvement. This requires a proper understanding of the allocation of healthcare providers including staffing levels and staffing variability within a healthcare system. High variability may imply significant differences in outcomes and greater opportunity to better distribute staffing and improve patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine staffing variation across acute care units in a large and integrated healthcare system...
December 1, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896551/investing-for-impact-the-global-fund-approach-to-measurement-of-aids-response
#4
Suman Jain, Nathalie Zorzi
The Global Fund raises and invests nearly US$4 billion a year to support programs run in more than 140 countries. The Global Fund strategy 2012-2016 is focused on "Investing for Impact". In order to accomplish this, timely and accurate data are needed to inform strategies and prioritize activities to achieve greater coverage with quality services. Monitoring and evaluation is intrinsic to the Global Fund's system of performance-based funding. The Global Fund invests in strengthening measurement and reporting of results at all stages of the grant cycle...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892820/addressing-adolescents-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-risky-behaviours-findings-from-a-school-based-peer-education-evaluation-in-the-western-cape
#5
Furzana Timol, Mohammed Yacoob Vawda, Arvin Bhana, Benita Moolman, Mokhantso Makoae, Sharlene Swartz
BACKGROUND: Peer-education programmes aim to bring about attitudinal and behavioural changes in their target audience. In the South African educational context, peer education is a favoured approach in dealing with issues such as HIV and AIDS, sexual decision-making and substance misuse. Given the reliance on peer-education programmes in the educational system, it is important to establish how well they are working. This study aims to assess the effect of an extensive, structured, time-limited, curriculum-based, peer-led educational programme on first-year high school learners in public schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864471/structuring-process-evaluation-to-forecast-use-and-sustainability-of-an-intervention-theory-and-data-from-the-efficacy-trial-for-lunch-is-in-the-bag
#6
Cindy Roberts-Gray, Sara J Sweitzer, Nalini Ranjit, Christa Potratz, Magdalena Rood, Maria Jose Romo-Palafox, Courtney E Byrd-Williams, Margaret E Briley, Deanna M Hoelscher
Background A cluster-randomized trial at 30 early care and education centers (Intervention = 15, waitlist Control = 15) showed the Lunch Is in the Bag intervention increased parents' packing of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in their preschool children's bag lunches (parent-child dyads = 351 Intervention, 282 Control). Purpose To examine the utility of structuring the trial's process evaluation to forecast use, sustainability, and readiness of the intervention for wider dissemination and implementation...
November 17, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860170/variation-across-u-s-assisted-living-facilities-admissions-resident-care-needs-and-staffing
#7
Kihye Han, Alison M Trinkoff, Carla L Storr, Nancy Lerner, Bo Kyum Yang
PURPOSE: Though more people in the United States currently reside in assisted living facilities (ALFs) than nursing homes, little is known about ALF admission policies, resident care needs, and staffing characteristics. We therefore conducted this study using a nationwide sample of ALFs to examine these factors, along with comparison of ALFs by size. DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary data analysis using data from the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856944/massive-open-online-courses-moocs-as-a-window-into-the-veterinary-profession
#8
J Paterson, K Hughes, L Steer, M Das Gupta, S Boyd, C Bell, S Rhind
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are freely available online courses open to anyone who registers and typically are associated with thousands or hundreds of thousands of participants. Using an established online platform, the authors created and delivered a five-week MOOC aimed primarily at prospective veterinary students, but open to anyone with an interest in finding out more about the veterinary profession in general. 11,911 people signed up for the course, and of these, 8137 interacted in some way with the course and 1716 received a certificate of completion...
November 17, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855194/ecological-study-of-hiv-infection-and-hypertension-in-sub-saharan-africa-is-there-a-double-burden-of-disease
#9
C Angkurawaranon, D Nitsch, N Larke, A M Rehman, L Smeeth, J Addo
METHODS: Data on prevalence of hypertension were derived from a systematic search of literature published between 1975 and 2014 with corresponding national estimates on HIV prevalence and antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage from the Demographic and Health Surveys and the joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS databases. National estimates on gross national income (GNI) and under-five mortality were obtained from the World Bank database. Linear regression analyses using robust standard errors (allowing for clustering at country level) were carried out for associations of age-standardised hypertension prevalence ratios (standardized to rural Uganda's hypertension prevalence data) with HIV prevalence, adjusted for national indicators, year of study and sex of the study population...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846873/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-hiv-transmission-and-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-different-areas-of-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region-china
#10
Lin Qu, Wenrui Wang, Yongming Gao, Jingyuan Yang, Jijiang Dai, Dawei Wang, Bo Tao
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the sexual intercourse habits of men who have sex with men (MSM) in crowded places, both locally and abroad. This study conducted a survey of MSM in different locales of Inner Mongolia to provide a reference for developing strategies or measures to prevent and control HIV among this understudied population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of men aged 18 years and older at different venues popular among MSM in Inner Mongolia...
November 15, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836702/advancement-of-surgical-visualization-methods-a-comparison-study-between-traditional-microscopic-surgery-and-a-novel-robotic-optoelectronic-visualization-tool-for-spinal-surgery
#11
Marc D Moisi, Kimberly Hoang, R Shane Tubbs, Jeni Page, Christian Fisahn, David Paulson, Shiveindra Jeyamohan, Johnny Delashaw, David Hanscom, Rod J Oskouian, Jens Chapman
INTRODUCTION: The operative microscope has become instrumental in aiding surgeons during key microdissection with greater safety and detail. An exoscope offers similar detail with improved functionality and greater implications for live-teaching and improved operating-room flow. METHODS: Eleven senior neurosurgery residents and fellows performed unilateral, single-level laminotomies on fresh cadavers using an operating microscope and exoscope. Three attending spine surgeons blinded for the visualization technique used then reviewed and graded each decompression...
November 8, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832220/screening-for-drinking-problems-in-the-elderly-in-singapore-using-the-cage-questionnaire
#12
Clarissa Wy Ong, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, Saleha Binte Shafie, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Goi Khia Eng, Louisa Picco, Janhavi Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Given that past research on drinking problems has focused primarily on younger samples, the present study sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of alcohol use among the elderly in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were extracted from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study, a cross-sectional, epidemiological survey conducted among a nationally representative sample of Singapore residents (n = 2565) aged 60 years and above...
October 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829670/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-meditation-use-among-us-adults-a-nationally-representative-survey
#13
Holger Cramer, Helen Hall, Matthew Leach, Jane Frawley, Yan Zhang, Brenda Leung, Jon Adams, Romy Lauche
Emerging evidence suggests substantial health benefits from using meditation. While there are some indications that the popularity of meditation is increasing, little is known about the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of meditation use in the general population. In this secondary analysis of data from the 2012 US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (n = 34,525), lifetime and 12-month prevalence of meditation use were 5.2% and 4.1%, respectively. Compared to non-users, those who had used meditation in the past 12 months were more likely to be 40-64 years, female, non-Hispanic White, living in the West, at least college-educated, not in a relationship, diagnosed with one or more chronic conditions, smoking, consuming alcohol and physically active...
November 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825344/the-norwegian-national-project-for-ethics-support-in-community-health-and-care-services
#14
Morten Magelssen, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Førde, Lillian Lillemoen
BACKGROUND: Internationally, clinical ethics support has yet to be implemented systematically in community health and care services. A large-scale Norwegian project (2007-2015) attempted to increase ethical competence in community services through facilitating the implementation of ethics support activities in 241 Norwegian municipalities. The article describes the ethics project and the ethics activities that ensued. METHODS: The article first gives an account of the Norwegian ethics project...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809824/what-explains-gender-inequalities-in-hiv-aids-prevalence-in-sub-saharan-africa-evidence-from-the-demographic-and-health-surveys
#15
Drissa Sia, Yentéma Onadja, Mohammad Hajizadeh, S Jody Heymann, Timothy F Brewer, Arijit Nandi
BACKGROUND: Women are disproportionally affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The determinants of gender inequality in HIV/AIDS may vary across countries and require country-specific interventions to address them. This study aimed to identify the socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics underlying gender inequalities in HIV/AIDS in 21 SSA countries. METHODS: We applied an extension of the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition approach to data from Demographic and Health Surveys and AIDS Indicator Surveys to quantify the differences in HIV/AIDS prevalence between women and men attributable to socio-demographic factors, sexual behaviours, and awareness of HIV/AIDS...
November 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796100/practices-and-views-of-audiologists-regarding-aural-rehabilitation-services-for-adults-with-acquired-hearing-loss
#16
Musa Makhoba, Neethie Joseph
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss in adults is one of the leading disabilities globally. It is managed through aural rehabilitation for which there is a paucity of literature in South Africa. This raises the question of interest, the integrity of holistic service provision amongst audiologists and whether interest and challenges affect current practices. OBJECTIVES: To describe audiologists' practices and views on aural rehabilitation services for adults, including interest and challenges experienced...
September 29, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782965/undisclosed-hiv-infection-and-antiretroviral-therapy-use-in-the-kenya-aids-indicator-survey-2012-relevance-to-national-targets-for-hiv-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
Andrea A Kim, Irene Mukui, Peter W Young, Joy Mirjahangir, Sophie Mwanyumba, Joyce Wamicwe, Nancy Bowen, Lubbe Wiesner, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Kevin M De Cock
OBJECTIVES: This analysis assessed the impact of undisclosed HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) on national estimates of diagnosed HIV and ART coverage in Kenya. METHODS: HIV-positive dried blood spot samples from Kenya's second AIDS Indicator Survey were tested for an antiretroviral biomarker by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Weighted estimates of diagnosed HIV and ART coverage based on self-report were compared with those corrected for undisclosed HIV infection and ART use based on antiretroviral test results...
November 13, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769237/improving-prevention-and-care-for-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-cambodia-the-sustainable-action-against-hiv-and-aids-in-communities-sahacom
#18
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Chanrith Ngin, Sok Chamreun Choub, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among key populations in Cambodia continues to rise. To address this issue, KHANA, the largest national HIV organization in the country developed and implemented the Sustainable Action against HIV and AIDS in Communities (SAHACOM) project. This study aims to determine the impacts of the SAHACOM on sexual behaviors and the uptake of HIV/STI services among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Cambodia. METHODS: We compared outcome indicators at midterm (n = 352) and endline (n = 394)...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760546/spatial-heterogeneity-can-undermine-the-effectiveness-of-country-wide-test-and-treat-policy-for-malaria-a-case-study-from-burkina-faso
#19
Denis Valle, Justin Millar, Punam Amratia
BACKGROUND: Considerable debate has arisen regarding the appropriateness of the test and treat malaria policy broadly recommended by the World Health Organization. While presumptive treatment has important drawbacks, the effectiveness of the test and treat policy can vary considerably across regions, depending on several factors such as baseline malaria prevalence and rapid diagnostic test (RDT) performance. METHODS: To compare presumptive treatment with test and treat, generalized linear mixed effects models were fitted to data from 6510 children under five years of age from Burkina Faso's 2010 Demographic and Health Survey...
October 19, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749932/can-social-protection-improve-sustainable-development-goals-for-adolescent-health
#20
Lucie D Cluver, F Mark Orkin, Franziska Meinck, Mark E Boyes, Alexa R Yakubovich, Lorraine Sherr
BACKGROUND: The first policy action outlined in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is the implementation of national social protection systems. This study assesses whether social protection provision can impact 17 indicators of five key health-related SDG goals amongst adolescents in South Africa. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal survey of adolescents (10-18 years) between 2009 and 2012. Census areas were randomly selected in two urban and two rural health districts in two South African provinces, including all homes with a resident adolescent...
2016: PloS One
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