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Aids indicator survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530036/living-and-dying-to-be-counted-what-we-know-about-the-epidemiology-of-the-global-adolescent-hiv-epidemic
#1
Amy L Slogrove, Mary Mahy, Alice Armstrong, Mary-Ann Davies
INTRODUCTION: With increasing survival of vertically HIV-infected children and ongoing new horizontal HIV infections, the population of adolescents (age 10-19 years) living with HIV is increasing. This review aims to describe the epidemiology of the adolescent HIV epidemic and the ability of national monitoring systems to measure outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents through the adolescent transition to adulthood. METHODS: Differences in global trends between younger (age 10-14 years) and older (age 15-19 years) adolescents in key epidemic indicators are interrogated using 2016 UNAIDS estimates...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520616/pediatric-cancer-burden-and-treatment-resources-within-the-pediatric-iedea-consortium
#2
Steven A Brown, Salma Abbas, Mary-Ann Davies, Torsak Bunupuradah, Annette H Sohn, Karl-Günter Technau, Lorna Renner, Valériane Leroy, Andrew Edmonds, Marcel Yotebieng, Catherine C McGowan, Stephany N Duda, Lynne Mofenson, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and treatment of cancer in HIV-infected children from resource-limited settings has not been extensively studied. OBJECTIVES: Develop and implement a cross-sectional survey to evaluate pediatric cancer burden, diagnostic modalities in use, and treatment availability as perceived by HIV clinic staff at regional International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites. METHODS: IeDEA regional investigators developed a cross-sectional clinical site survey which included questions on the numbers and types of pediatric cancers observed, modalities used to treat identified cancers and treatment options available at individual sites in the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa regions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500428/a-novel-classification-method-for-aid-decision-of-traditional-chinese-patent-medicines-for-stroke-treatment
#3
Yufeng Zhao, Bo Liu, Liyun He, Wenjing Bai, Xueyun Yu, Xinyu Cao, Lin Luo, Peijing Rong, Yuxue Zhao, Guozheng Li, Baoyan Liu
Traditional Chinese patent medicines are widely used to treat stroke because it has good efficacy in the clinical environment. However, because of the lack of knowledge on traditional Chinese patent medicines, many Western physicians, who are accountable for the majority of clinical prescriptions for such medicine, are confused with the use of traditional Chinese patent medicines. Therefore, the aid-decision method is critical and necessary to help Western physicians rationally use traditional Chinese patent medicines...
May 13, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493728/internal-and-community-recourses-contribution-to-level-of-posttraumatic-symptoms-the-case-of-tourists-after-the-earthquake-in-nepal-2015
#4
Haya Itzhaky, Shlomit Weiss-Dagan, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari
OBJECTIVE: The current study focused on tourists who were caught in the middle of Nepal's, 2015 earthquake, and survived. We examined the contribution of internal (coping flexibility and emotional regulation) and community resources (sense of belonging to the community) to tourist's level of post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample survey was conducted to collect data from 145 tourists between 2 week to 3 months after the earthquake...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475664/dynamical-resilience-indicators-in-time-series-of-self-rated-health-correspond-to-frailty-levels-in-older-adults
#5
Sanne M W Gijzel, Ingrid A van de Leemput, Marten Scheffer, Mattia Roppolo, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, René J F Melis
Background: We currently still lack valid methods to dynamically measure resilience for stressors before the appearance of adverse health outcomes that hamper well-being. Quantifying an older adult's resilience in an early stage would aid complex decision-making in health care. Translating complex dynamical systems theory to humans, we hypothesized that three dynamical indicators of resilience (variance, temporal autocorrelation, and cross-correlation) in time series of self-rated physical, mental, and social health were associated with frailty levels in older adults...
May 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474962/effects-of-anti-versus-pro-vaccine-narratives-on-responses-by-recipients-varying-in-numeracy-a-cross-sectional-survey-based-experiment
#6
Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Annika Wallin, Andrew M Parker, JoNell Strough, Janel Hanmer
BACKGROUND: To inform their health decisions, patients may seek narratives describing other patients' evaluations of their treatment experiences. Narratives can provide anti-treatment or pro-treatment evaluative meaning that low-numerate patients may especially struggle to derive from statistical information. Here, we examined whether anti-vaccine (v. pro-vaccine) narratives had relatively stronger effects on the perceived informativeness and judged vaccination probabilities reported among recipients with lower (v...
April 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471839/impact-of-early-antiretroviral-therapy-on-the-performance-of-hiv-rapid-tests-and-hiv-incidence-assays
#7
Jessica M Fogel, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Barbara Debevec, Tamara Walsky, Katherine Schlusser, Oliver Laeyendecker, Ethan A Wilson, Marybeth McCauley, Theresa Gamble, Gerald Tegha, MTech Biomed, Dean Soko, Johnstone Kumwenda, Mina C Hosseinipour, Ying Q Chen, Myron S Cohen, Susan H Eshleman
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can down-regulate antibody responses to HIV infection. We evaluated the impact of early vs. delayed ART on the performance of HIV diagnostic and incidence assays. METHODS: Samples were obtained from 207 participants in the HPTN 052 trial who were stably suppressed on ART for ≥4 years (Malawi sites; pre-ART CD4 cell count 350-550 cells/mm [early ART arm, N=180] or <250 cells/mm or an AIDS-defining illness [delayed ART arm, N=27])...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469841/chiropractors-experience-and-readiness-to-work-in-indigenous-australian-communities-a-preliminary-cross-sectional-survey-to-explore-preparedness-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-for-chiropractors-practising-cross-culturally
#8
Dein Vindigni, Barbara I Polus, Sonja Cleary, Aunty Kerrie Doyle
BACKGROUND: Indigenous people make up approximately 3% of the total Australian population and score poorer on all health indices, including back pain. Chiropractors are well placed to alleviate back pain, yet there is no research that considers chiropractors' readiness to treat Indigenous patients. This study explores chiropractors` experience working with Indigenous Australians, describes perceived barriers and facilitators to chiropractors' participation in Indigenous Healthcare and their willingness to engage in cultural competency training...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467409/a-pilot-study-to-delimit-tsetse-target-populations-in-zimbabwe
#9
Gerald Chikowore, Ahmadou H Dicko, Peter Chinwada, Moses Zimba, William Shereni, François Roger, Jérémy Bouyer, Laure Guerrini
BACKGROUND: Tsetse (Glossina sensu stricto) are cyclical vectors of human and animal trypanosomoses, that are presently targeted by the Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC) coordinated by the African Union. In order to achieve effective control of tsetse, there is need to produce elaborate plans to guide intervention programmes. A model intended to aid in the planning of intervention programmes and assist a fuller understanding of tsetse distribution was applied, in a pilot study in the Masoka area, Mid-Zambezi valley in Zimbabwe, and targeting two savannah species, Glossina morsitans morsitans and Glossina pallidipes...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467145/implementing-an-advance-care-planning-intervention-in-community-settings-with-older-latinos-a-feasibility-study
#10
Frances R Nedjat-Haiem, Iraida V Carrion, Krystyna Gonzalez, Alejandra Quintana, Kathleen Ell, Mary O'Connell, Beti Thompson, Shiraz I Mishra
BACKGROUND: Older Latinos with serious medical conditions such as cancer and other chronic diseases lack information about advance care planning (ACP). ACP Intervention (ACP-I Plan) was designed for informational and communication needs of older Latinos to improve communication and advance directives (ADs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of implementing ACP-I Plan among seriously ill, older Latinos (≥50 years) in Southern New Mexico with one or more chronic diseases (e...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466031/profile-and-prevalence-of-hbv-among-hiv-affected-individuals-attending-the-largest-public-hiv-care-center-in-india
#11
Suneeta Koli, C P Girish Kumar, V Selvaraj, R Prabu, C Chandrasekar, A S Valan, J Suria Kumar, K Raja
A large number of people living with HIV/AIDS residing in HBV endemic regions such as in India are highly susceptible to acquire co-infections like HBV but also transmit them to other due to their high risk behaviours. The present study aimed to estimate HBV prevalence and distribution of various HBV serological markers among HIV infected individuals. This cross sectional survey covered HIV infected individuals attending the largest HIV care center in India. Socio-demographic details and blood samples to screen for HBV seromarkers using commercial ELISA kits were collected...
September 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464934/study-protocol-of-the-german-study-on-tobacco-use-debra-a-national-household-survey-of-smoking-behaviour-and-cessation
#12
Sabrina Kastaun, Jamie Brown, Leonie S Brose, Elena Ratschen, Tobias Raupach, Dennis Nowak, Constanze Cholmakow-Bodechtel, Lion Shahab, Robert West, Daniel Kotz
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of tobacco smoking in Germany is high (~27%). Monitoring of national patterns of smoking behaviour and data on the "real-world" effectiveness of cessation methods are needed to inform policies and develop campaigns aimed at reducing tobacco-related harm. In England, the Smoking Toolkit Study (STS) has been tracking such indicators since 2006, resulting in the adaptation of tobacco control policies. However, findings cannot be directly transferred into the German health policy context...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456694/predictive-indices-for-functional-improvement-and-deterioration-institutionalization-and-death-among-elderly-medicare%C3%A2-beneficiaries
#13
Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Hillary R Bogner
BACKGROUND: Prediction models can help clinicians provide the best and most appropriate care to their patients and can help policy makers design services for groups at highest risk for poor outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To develop prediction models identifying both risk factors and protective factors for functional deterioration, institutionalization, and death. DESIGN: Cohort study using data from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) SETTING: Community survey...
April 26, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448942/assessing-knowledge-of-symptoms-and-first-aid-care-of-epilepsy-in-grenada-west-indies
#14
Sean C Cofano, Disep Ojukwu, Natasha Mozumdar, Zainab Raza, Shipra Saigal, Shashank Musku, Safwan Zar, Michael Merolla, Tuula O Jalonen
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is increasingly prevalent in developing countries. It is critical to provide appropriate support to patients during seizures in order to prevent injuries. False beliefs regarding the etiology or pathogenesis of the epilepsy and inadequate health information may put patients with epilepsy or other seizure disorders at increased risk of injury. Our objective was to assess the level of epilepsy awareness amongst the general population in Grenada and educate the participants regarding proper first-aid measures...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435506/audience-response-system-facilitates-prediction-of-scores-on-in-training-examination
#15
Kaushal H Shah, Jaime Jordan, Katherine Jahnes, David P Lisbon, Lucienne Lutfy-Clayton, Grant Wei, Gary Winkel, Sally A Santen
INTRODUCTION: Audience response systems (ARS) are increasingly popular; however, their contribution to education is not completely clear. Our study found that scores from review quizzes delivered by an ARS correlate with in-training exam (ITE) scores and are viewed positively by residents. This information may be useful in identifying poor performers early so that targeted educational interventions can be made. The objective was to determine if scores on review quizzes delivered by an ARS correlate with ITE scores and to obtain participant feedback on use of the ARS for ITE preparation...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426353/potential-risks-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-among-persons-who-inject-drugs
#16
Alexis M Roth, John Rossi, Jesse L Goldshear, Quan Truong, Richard F Armenta, Stephen E Lankenau, Richard S Garfein, Janie Simmons
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA)-which often involves brief surveys delivered via mobile technology-has transformed our understanding of the individual and contextual micro-processes associated with legal and illicit drug use. However, little empirical research has focused on participant's perspective on the probability and magnitude of potential risks in EMA studies. OBJECTIVES: To garner participant perspectives on potential risks common to EMA studies of illicit drug use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420766/project-accrue-exploring-options-to-increase-awareness-of-aids-malignancy-consortium-clinical-trials-in-north-carolina
#17
Anissa I Vines, Cathy L Melvin, Jaimie C Hunter, Veronica A Carlisle
BACKGROUND Longer lifespans conferred by antiretroviral therapy result in more time exposed to cancer risk for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Given limited diversity in AIDS Malignancy Consortium (AMC) clinical trials, there is need for new approaches to educate PLWHA in order to improve awareness and participation in AMC trials.METHODS With input from a community advisory board, Project ACCRUE (AMC Clinical Trials at Carolina Ramp Up Enrollment) conducted a key informant interview with service providers; online organizational surveys of AMC trial awareness and resource needs; and "lunch and learn" educational sessions, including pre- and post-intervention knowledge assessments...
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413117/structure-specific-movement-patterns-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-dysfunction-using-lumbar-combined-movement-examination
#18
Aubrey P Monie, Roger I Price, Christopher R P Lind, Kevin P Singer
OBJECTIVE: A test-retest cohort study was conducted to assess the use of a novel computer-aided, combined movement examination (CME) to measure change in low back movement after pain management intervention in 17 cases of lumbar spondylosis. Additionally we desired to use a CME normal reference range (NRR) to compare and contrast movement patterns identified from 3 specific structural pathologic conditions: intervertebral disc, facet joint, and nerve root compression. METHODS: Computer-aided CME was used before and after intervention, in a cohort study design, to record lumbar range of movement along with pain, disability, and health self-report questionnaires in 17 participants who received image-guided facet, epidural, and/or rhizotomy intervention...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411873/-survey-adaptation-for-bio-behavioural-surveillance-of-hiv-in-chilean-female-sex-workers
#19
Bielka Carvajal, Valeria Stuardo, José Manuel Manríquez, Julieta Belmar, Cinta Folch
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a behavioural questionnaire for second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance in female sex workers (FSWs) in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. METHODS: Qualitative study of instruments validation. A Spanish instrument adapted in Catalonia was validated through a translation and back-translation of the original version. The content validity was determined through a modified Delphi method, via FSW and HIV experts representing community, political and institutional levels...
April 12, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409360/voices-from-flint-community-perceptions-of-the-flint-water-crisis
#20
Nia Jeneé Heard-Garris, Jessica Roche, Patrick Carter, Mahshid Abir, Maureen Walton, Marc Zimmerman, Rebecca Cunningham
We describe the self-reported socioeconomic and health impacts, as well as the coping mechanisms employed by a drug-using cohort of adults during the Flint water crisis (FWC) in Flint, Michigan. Participants from an ongoing longitudinal Emergency Department study were contacted between April 2016 and July 2016 and completed a survey focusing on exposure, consequences, and coping strategies. One hundred thirty-three participants (mean age = 26, 65% African-American, 61% public assistance) completed the survey (37...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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