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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345083/brief-workshops-to-teach-drug-and-alcohol-first-aid-a-pilot-evaluation-study
#1
Victoria R Kostadinov, Ann M Roche, Alice McEntee, Julaine M Allan, Nicholas R Meumann, Lara L McLaughlin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Health and community service workers frequently encounter people with alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems in the course of their work, yet few have had training on how to respond effectively. A Drug and Alcohol First Aid workshop was developed by Lyndon, a non-government organisation treatment provider, and delivered to community and health sector workers and the general public. It presented evidence-based information regarding AOD use and harm reduction and treatment options...
January 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334231/social-capital-and-ptsd-among-plwha-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-resilience-and-internalized-stigma
#2
Mengting Gao, Chenchang Xiao, Xuan Zhang, Shiyue Li, Hong Yan
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is frequent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Few studies have investigated social-psychological predictors of PTSD in China. This study aimed to examine relationships between social capital, stigma, resilience and PTSD among PLWHA in China, and to provide effective suggestions for PTSD intervention. A cross-sectional study of 520 PLWHA was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016. Survey data were collected using anonymous self-reported questionnaire. Multivariable analyses were used to examine related factors of PTSD, and causal mediation analyses were conducted to assess whether stigma and resilience were mediators...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334178/factors-associated-with-perceived-accuracy-of-the-undetectable%C3%A2-%C3%A2-untransmittable-slogan-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implications-for-messaging-scale-up-and-implementation
#3
H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has shown high efficacy of HIV treatment for reducing the risk of HIV transmission to sexual partners. As the efficacy of treatment as prevention (TasP) has proliferated, a new messaging campaign, Undetectable = Untransmittable, has been gaining popularity. The purpose of this paper was to assess factors associated with the perceived accuracy of this TasP messaging strategy among a large and diverse sample of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in order to inform subsequent efforts at large-scale and implementation of the HIV prevention message...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316209/infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies-organisational-policies-and-activities-during-the-refugee-crisis-in-lebanon
#4
Linda Shaker-Berbari, Hala Ghattas, Andrew G Symon, Annie S Anderson
Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is key to reducing mortality amongst children aged under 2. Facilitating adherence to recommended IYCF practices during emergencies includes having relevant policies to support breastfeeding and complementary feeding as well as regulating the distribution of breast milk substitutes. In the current crisis, more than 1.2 million Syrian refugees are in Lebanon and it is timely to examine organisational IYCF policies and programmes. One hundred and thirty-five non-governmental organisations providing humanitarian aid in Lebanon were invited to participate in an online survey about organisational policies and programmatic activities on IYCF...
January 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313737/undergraduate-prescription-stimulant-misuse-the-impact-of-academic-strain
#5
Lauren Norman, Jason Ford
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the misuse of prescription stimulants among undergraduates for academic purposes. This research is important as existing literature has indicated that this type of prescription drug misuse is a growing concern, especially among college undergraduates aged 18-25. OBJECTIVE: This study focused on how various types of academic strain (i.e., academic strain, grade strain, and academic impediments) influenced the misuse of prescription stimulants...
January 9, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304788/analyzing-hidden-populations-online-topic-emotion-and-social-network-of-hiv-related-users-in-the-largest-chinese-online-community
#6
Chuchu Liu, Xin Lu
BACKGROUND: Traditional survey methods are limited in the study of hidden populations due to the hard to access properties, including lack of a sampling frame, sensitivity issue, reporting error, small sample size, etc. The rapid increase of online communities, of which members interact with others via the Internet, have generated large amounts of data, offering new opportunities for understanding hidden populations with unprecedented sample sizes and richness of information. In this study, we try to understand the multidimensional characteristics of a hidden population by analyzing the massive data generated in the online community...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290130/women-fare-best-following-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-comparison-of-the-most-and-least-satisfied-patients-utilizing-data-from-the-quality-outcomes-database
#7
Andrew K Chan, Erica F Bisson, Mohamad Bydon, Steven D Glassman, Kevin T Foley, Eric A Potts, Christopher I Shaffrey, Mark E Shaffrey, Domagoj Coric, John J Knightly, Paul Park, Kai-Ming Fu, Jonathan R Slotkin, Anthony L Asher, Michael S Virk, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Silky Chotai, Anthony M DiGiorgio, Alvin Y Chan, Regis W Haid, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE The American Association of Neurological Surgeons launched the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD), a prospective longitudinal registry that includes demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome (PRO) data, to measure the safety and quality of neurosurgical procedures, including spinal surgery. Differing results from recent randomized controlled trials have established a need to clarify the groups that would most benefit from surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. In the present study, the authors compared patients who were the most and the least satisfied following surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289384/the-vaccine-hesitancy-scale-psychometric-properties-and-validation
#8
Gilla K Shapiro, Ovidiu Tatar, Eve Dube, Rhonda Amsel, Barbel Knauper, Anila Naz, Samara Perez, Zeev Rosberger
INTRODUCTION: The SAGE Working Group on Vaccine Hesitancy developed a vaccine hesitancy measure, the Vaccine Hesitancy Scale (VHS). This scale has the potential to aid in the advancement of research and immunization policy but has not yet been psychometrically evaluated. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we collected self-reported survey data from a large national sample of Canadian parents from August to September 2016. An online questionnaire was completed in English or French...
December 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260485/managing-variant-interpretation-discrepancies-in-hereditary-cancer-clinical-practice-concerns-and-desired-resources
#9
Ellen Zirkelbach, Syed Hashmi, Aarti Ramdaney, Leslie Dunnington, Myla Ashfaq, Elizabeth K Nugent, Kate Wilson
Variant interpretation is a complex process, and classification may vary between sources. This study aimed to determine the practice of cancer genetic counselors regarding discrepancies in variant interpretation and to identify concerns when counseling these discrepancies. An electronic survey was sent to genetic counselors in the NSGC Cancer Special Interest Group. The vast majority of counselors (93%) had seen a variant interpretation discrepancy in practice. A large majority (96%) of respondents indicated that they conducted their own research on reported variants...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241898/patient-preferences-for-device-aided-treatments-indicated-for-advanced-parkinson-disease
#10
Thomas Marshall, Amy Pugh, Angelyn Fairchild, Steven Hass
BACKGROUND: Effective treatment for advanced Parkinson disease (PD) uncontrolled with oral medication includes device-aided therapies such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) and continuous levodopa-carbidopa infusion to the duodenum via a portable pump. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to quantify patient preferences for attributes of these device-aided treatments. METHODS: We administered a Web-enabled survey to 401 patients in the United States...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236883/violence-in-public-transportation-an-approach-based-on-spatial-analysis
#11
Daiane Castro Bittencourt de Sousa, Cira Souza Pitombo, Samille Santos Rocha, Ana Rita Salgueiro, Juan Pedro Moreno Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a spatial analysis of the occurrence of acts of violence (specifically robberies) in public transportation, identifying the regions of greater incidence, using geostatistics, and possible causes with the aid of a multicriteria analysis in the Geographic Information System. METHODS: The unit of analysis is the traffic analysis zone of the survey named Origem-Destino, carried out in Salvador, state of Bahia, in 2013. The robberies recorded by the Department of Public Security of Bahia in 2013 were located and made compatible with the limits of the traffic analysis zones and, later, associated with the respective centroids...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236721/survey-on-open-peer-review-attitudes-and-experience-amongst-editors-authors-and-reviewers
#12
Tony Ross-Hellauer, Arvid Deppe, Birgit Schmidt
Open peer review (OPR) is a cornerstone of the emergent Open Science agenda. Yet to date no large-scale survey of attitudes towards OPR amongst academic editors, authors, reviewers and publishers has been undertaken. This paper presents the findings of an online survey, conducted for the OpenAIRE2020 project during September and October 2016, that sought to bridge this information gap in order to aid the development of appropriate OPR approaches by providing evidence about attitudes towards and levels of experience with OPR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233307/understanding-the-early-effects-of-team-based-learning-on-student-accountability-and-engagement-using-a-three-session-tbl-pilot
#13
Anita Sharma, Kristin K Janke, Andrea Larson, Wendy St Peter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examined the early effects of a team based learning (TBL) pilot, including differences in student engagement with TBL compared to lectures, and student accountability, preferences, and satisfaction with TBL. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Three TBL sessions were delivered in the nephrology section of pharmacotherapy and then students completed the team-based learning student assessment instrument (TBL-SAI), which assesses TBL relative to lecture on three subscales (i...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233115/development-and-validation-of-college-students-tuberculosis-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-questionnaire-cs-tbkapq
#14
Hualin Jiang, Shaoru Zhang, Yi Ding, Yuelu Li, Tianhua Zhang, Weiping Liu, Yahui Fan, Yan Li, Rongqiang Zhang, Xuexue Ma
BACKGROUND: China faces many challenges in controlling tuberculosis (TB). One significant challenge is the control of college students' TB. In particular, cross-sectional studies of college students' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) in regard to TB have attracted substantial attention. However, few measurement tools have been developed to aid processes related to expert consultation, pre-testing, reliability and validity testing. Our study developed the College Students' TB Knowledge Attitudes and Practices Questionnaire (CS-TBKAPQ) following the scale development steps...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222081/media-consumption-and-creation-in-attitudes-toward-and-knowledge-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-web-based-survey
#15
Jacob Groshek, Miles Basil, Ling Guo, Sarah Parker Ward, Francis A Farraye, Jason Reich
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition affecting over 5 million people globally and 1.6 million in the United States but currently lacks a precisely determined cause or cure. The range of symptoms IBD patients experience are often debilitating, and the societal stigmas associated with some such symptoms can further degrade their quality of life. Better understanding the nature of this public reproach then is a critical component for improving awareness campaigns and, ultimately, the experiences of IBD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212487/recognizing-difficult-trade-offs-values-and-treatment-preferences-for-end-of-life-care-in-a-multi-site-survey-of-adult-patients-in-family-practices
#16
Michelle Howard, Nick Bansback, Amy Tan, Doug Klein, Carrie Bernard, Doris Barwich, Peter Dodek, Aman Nijjar, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND: Decisions about care options and the use of life-sustaining treatments should be informed by a person's values and treatment preferences. The objective of this study was to examine the consistency of ratings of the importance of the values statements and the association between values statement ratings and the patient's expressed treatment preference. METHODS: We conducted a multi-site survey in 20 family practices. Patients aged 50 and older self-completed a questionnaire assessing the importance of eight values (rated 1 to 10), and indicated their preference for use of life-sustaining treatment (5 options)...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206816/optimizing-selection-of-biologics-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-development-of-an-online-patient-decision-aid-using-conjoint-analysis
#17
Christopher V Almario, Michelle S Keller, Michelle Chen, Karen Lasch, Lyann Ursos, Julia Shklovskaya, Gil Y Melmed, Brennan M R Spiegel
OBJECTIVES: Recent drug approvals have increased the availability of biologic therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), making it difficult for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) to navigate treatment options. Here we developed a conjoint analysis to examine patient decision-making surrounding biologic medicines for IBD. We used the results to create an online patient decision aid that generates a unique "preferences report" for each patient to assist with shared decision-making with their provider...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203030/attitudes-toward-mandatory-ignition-interlocks-for-all-offenders-convicted-of-driving-while-intoxicated
#18
Jonathan Downs, Ruth Shults, Bethany West
INTRODUCTION: Ignition interlocks are effective in reducing alcohol-impaired driving recidivism for all offenders, including first-time offenders. Despite their effectiveness, interlock use among persons convicted of driving while intoxicated from alcohol (DWI) remains low. This cross-sectional survey of U.S. adults assessed public support for requiring ignition interlocks for all convicted DWI offenders including first-time offenders. The goal was to update results from a similar 2010 survey in light of new state requirements and increased interlock installations...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200474/personal-preference-of-mode-of-delivery-what-do-urogynaecologists-choose-preliminary-results-of-the-decision-study
#19
Julia Bihler, Ralf Tunn, Christl Reisenauer, Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich, Philipp Wagner, Harald Abele, Katharina K Rall, Gert Naumann, Markus Wallwiener, Sara Y Brucker, Markus Hübner
Introduction: Currently, almost every third child in Germany is delivered by caesarean section. Apart from straightforward and clear indications for caesarean section which account for approx. 10%, the large proportion of relative indications in particular needs to be critically reviewed if the current C-section rate is to be effectively lowered. It is more than doubtful, however, whether this can be a realistic goal in Germany, especially in the context of international developments...
November 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198373/the-development-and-implementation-of-a-layperson-trauma-first-responder-course-in-la-paz-bolivia-a-pilot-study
#20
Marissa A Boeck, Tyler E Callese, Sarah K Nelson, Steven J Schuetz, Christian Fuentes Bazan, Juan Mauricio P Saavedra Laguna, Michael B Shapiro, Nabil M Issa, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: Ninety percent of nearly five million annual global injury deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where prehospital care systems are frequently rudimentary or nonexistent. The World Health Organization considers layperson first-responders as essential for emergency medical services in low-resource settings lacking more formalized systems. This study sought to develop and implement a layperson trauma first responder course (TFRC) in Bolivia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In March and April 2013 nine sessions of the eight-hour TFRC were held in La Paz, Bolivia...
November 22, 2017: Injury
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