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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692091/-niche-of-main-populations-and-environmental-interpretation-in-grassland-of-loess-plateau-hilly-region-china
#1
Hui Feng Wu, Li Juan Song, Feng Du, Wen Fang Hao
Focused on different rehabilitation ages grassland in Wuqi County in loess hilly region, the present study aimed to explore niche characteristics of populations and their influence factors. The results showed that the dominant species were Artemisia sacrorum, A. leucophylla, A. scoparia, Lespedeza daurica and Poa sphondylodes, and the dominant species varied along with the rehabilitation age. The niche breadth of dominant populations increased with increasing rehabilitation age from 5 to 10 years, indicating enhanced adaptability to the environment...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691983/worddriver-1-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-an-app-supported-decoding-intervention-for-children-with-reading-impairment
#2
Antonette Seiler, Suze Leitão, Mara Blosfelds
BACKGROUND: Fluent word reading is a key characteristic of skilled reading, yet most children with reading disorders have impaired word-reading skills. Previous research has demonstrated that multi-component interventions targeting phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle are effective for children with reading disorders. However, about 25% of children fail to respond to these interventions. While it has been difficult to isolate the active ingredient, the findings of some studies suggest that tasks targeting phonological recoding and orthographic processing are essential elements in improving decoding...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691944/developmental-performance-of-5-year-old-bulgarian-children-an-example-of-translational-neuroscience-in-practice
#3
Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691768/skin-cancer-following-solid-organ-transplantation-a-review-of-risk-factors-and-models-of-care
#4
REVIEW
Matthew D Howard, John C Su, Alvin H Chong
The number of solid organ transplants has been increasing annually worldwide. Advances in transplantation surgery and community awareness of organ donation have been key contributors. Combined with increased understanding of immunosuppression, there are a growing number of solid organ transplant recipients in the community as a result of improved long-term outcomes. There remains a high incidence of deaths worldwide post-transplant due to non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), which has greater morbidity and mortality in this population than in the general community...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691214/mobile-health-initiatives-in-vietnam-scoping-study
#5
Jeffrey A Lam, Linh Thuy Dang, Ngoc Tran Phan, Hue Thi Trinh, Nguyen Cong Vu, Cuong Kieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) offers a promising solution to the multitude of challenges the Vietnamese health system faces, but there is a scarcity of published information on mHealth in Vietnam. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this scoping study were (1) to summarize the extent, range, and nature of mHealth initiatives in Vietnam and (2) to examine the opportunities and threats of mHealth utilization in the Vietnamese context. METHODS: This scoping study systematically identified and extracted relevant information from 20 past and current mHealth initiatives in Vietnam...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690405/a-new-species-of-buenia-perciformes-gobiidae-from-the-western-mediterranean-slope-bottoms-the-redescription-of-buenia-jeffreysi-and-the-first-balearic-record-of-buenia-affinis
#6
Marcelo KovaČiĆ, Francesc Ordines, Ulrich K Schliewen
A new gobiid species, Buenia lombartei sp. nov. (Teleostei: Gobiidae) is described from the continental slope off the Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean. The Atlantic species Buenia jeffreysii (Günther, 1867) is redescribed and the first record of Buenia affinis Iljin, 1930 is reported for the islands. A key for the species of genus Buenia is provided. The new species can be distinguished from congeneric species by morphological characters: anterior oculoscapular canal semi-closed with pores σ, λ, κ, α, ρ and additional pores and open furrows; suborbital row c of 6 papillae; anal fin I/7-I/8; scales in lateral series 25-27; scales in transverse series 6; pectoral fin rays 18; the second spine of the first dorsal fin longest, backwards reaching to middle second dorsal fin in males when folded down; pelvic fin anterior membrane reduced to less than one sixth of spinous ray in midline depth; tongue well developed and bilobed and several morphometric characters...
March 8, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690317/a-new-species-of-genus-eulimnadia-packard-1874-branchiopoda-spinicaudata-limnadiidae-from-india-with-an-updated-key-for-some-indian-species
#7
Sameer M Padhye, Nicolas Rabet, Mihir R Kulkarni, Marco Pagni
We describe a new species of Eulimnadia, Eulimnadia bondi sp. nov., from the state of Goa, India. This is the 8th species to be described from the country and first from this state. This species differs from all other Indian species in having unique egg morphology-cylindrical egg with dilated borders at both ends and a specific internal eggshell structure. Specimens showed intra-population morphological variation as observed in other species from the genus. Eulimnadia bondi sp. nov. egg resembles the South American E...
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689725/a-systematic-review-and-aggregated-analysis-on-the-impact-of-amyloid-pet-brain-imaging-on-the-diagnosis-diagnostic-confidence-and-management-of-patients-being-evaluated-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Enrico R Fantoni, Anastasia Chalkidou, John T O' Brien, Gill Farrar, Alexander Hammers
BACKGROUND: Amyloid PET (aPET) imaging could improve patient outcomes in clinical practice, but the extent of impact needs quantification. OBJECTIVE: To provide an aggregated quantitative analysis of the value added by aPET in cognitively impaired subjects. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were performed in Embase and Medline until January 2017. 1,531 cases over 12 studies were included (1,142 cases over seven studies in the primary analysis where aPET was the key biomarker; the remaining cases included as defined groups in the secondary analysis)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689691/a-meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-different-functions-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#9
REVIEW
Peter J Taylor, Khowla Jomar, Katie Dhingra, Rebecca Forrester, Ujala Shahmalak, Joanne M Dickson
BACKGROUND: A broad variety of different functions can underlie acts of Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Whilst research so far has identified many of the commonly reported functions, no reliable estimates of prevalence currently exist for these different NSSI functions. Understanding the prevalence of NSSI functions represents a key to better understanding the phenomenology of NSSI and addressing the differing needs of the NSSI population. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of NSSI functions in community and clinical samples...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689316/-sometimes-somebody-just-needs-somebody-anybody-to-care-the-power-of-interpersonal-relationships-in-the-lives-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-survivors
#10
Jennifer E O'Brien
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of U.S. minors for the purposes of a commercial sex act. DMST victims and survivors often become involved with state-level systems including the child welfare and/or juvenile justice systems. This study presents exploratory qualitative findings regarding the role of interpersonal relationships in the lives of system-involved DMST survivors from the perspectives of DMST survivors. Results indicate survivors perceive interpersonal relationships as key to promoting risk, providing protection, and fostering resiliency over DMST...
April 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688939/in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-are-we-overlooking-a-key-distinction
#11
Ari Moskowitz, Mathias J Holmberg, Michael W Donnino, Katherine M Berg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the epidemiology, peri-arrest management, and research priorities related to in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) and explore key distinctions between IHCA and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) as they pertain to the clinician and resuscitation scientist. RECENT FINDINGS: IHCA is a common and highly morbid event amongst hospitalized patients in the United States. As compared with patients who experience an OHCA, patients who experience an IHCA tend to have more medical comorbidities, have a witnessed arrest, and be attended to by professional first responders...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688875/decreased-serum-pyridoxal-levels-in-schizophrenia-meta-analysis-and-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#12
Yukiko Tomioka, Shusuke Numata, Makoto Kinoshita, Hidehiro Umehara, Shin-Ya Watanabe, Masahito Nakataki, Yoshimi Iwayama, Tomoko Toyota, Masashi Ikeda, Hidenaga Yamamori, Shinji Shimodera, Atsushi Tajima, Ryota Hashimoto, Nakao Iwata, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tetsuro Ohmori
BACKGROUND: Alterations in one-carbon metabolism have been associated with schizophrenia, and vitamin B6 is one of the key components in this pathway. METHODS: We first conducted a case-control study of serum pyridoxal levels and schizophrenia in a large Japanese cohort ( n = 1276). Subsequently, we conducted a meta-analysis of association studies ( n = 2125). Second, we investigated whether rs4654748, which was identified in a genome-wide association study as a vitamin B6-related single nucleotide polymorphism, was genetically implicated in patients with schizophrenia in the Japanese population ( n = 10 689)...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688860/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-rare-diseases-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Anita Slade, Fatima Isa, Derek Kyte, Tanya Pankhurst, Larissa Kerecuk, James Ferguson, Graham Lipkin, Melanie Calvert
BACKGROUND: Rare diseases can lead to a significant reduction in quality of life for patients and their families. Ensuring the patients voice is central to clinical decision making is key to delivering, evaluating and understanding the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to capture the patient's views about their health status and facilitate our understanding of the impact of these diseases and their treatments on patient's quality of life and symptoms...
April 23, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688851/role-of-genetic-introgression-during-the-evolution-of-cultivated-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#14
Peter Civáň, Terence A Brown
BACKGROUND: Models for the origins of cultivated rice currently fall into two groups: ones that identify independent domestications of the indica, japonica and possibly also the aus types, and others that propose that the domestication phenotype was initially acquired by japonica, the underlying alleles then transferred by introgression to other pre-domesticated populations, giving the indica and aus varieties. Identifying the impact of past gene flow on cultivated rice genomes is therefore crucial to distinguishing between these models and understanding the domestication history of rice...
April 23, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688466/quality-of-life-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-part-ii
#15
Simon R Knowles, Laurie Keefer, Helen Wilding, Catherine Hewitt, Lesley A Graff, Antonina Mikocka-Walus
Background: There has been burgeoning interest in quality of life (QoL) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in recent decades, with hundreds of studies each year now assessing this outcome. This paper is part 2 of a systematic review evaluating 5 key QoL comparisons within IBD states and relative to others without IBD. Part 1 examined QoL comparing IBD and a healthy/general population and other medically ill groups. Part 2, presented here, examines within-disease comparisons of active/inactive disease, Ulcerative colitis (UC) / Crohn's disease (CD), and change in QoL over time...
April 23, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688317/hiv-and-viral-hepatitis-among-imprisoned-key-populations
#16
Andrea L Wirtz, Ping T Yeh, Natalie L Flath, Chris Beyrer, Kate Dolan
Prisons and other closed facilities create opportunities for transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and viral hepatitis during detention and after release. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed publications (2005-2015) to describe the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B virus among key populations in prisons worldwide and to compare estimates of infection with those of other prison populations. Most data were reported for people who inject drugs (PWID; n = 72) and for men who have sex with men (MSM; n = 21); few data were reported on sex workers (SW; n = 6), or transgender women (n = 2)...
April 21, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688292/mathematical-modeling-of-cortical-neurogenesis-reveals-that-the-founder-population-does-not-necessarily-scale-with-neurogenic-output
#17
Noemi Picco, Fernando García-Moreno, Philip K Maini, Thomas E Woolley, Zoltán Molnár
The mammalian cerebral neocortex has a unique structure, composed of layers of different neuron types, interconnected in a stereotyped fashion. While the overall developmental program seems to be conserved, there are divergent developmental factors generating cortical diversity amongst species. In terms of cortical neuronal numbers, some of the determining factors are the size of the founder population, the duration of cortical neurogenesis, the proportion of different progenitor types, and the fine-tuned balance between self-renewing and differentiative divisions...
April 21, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687481/midwifery-and-obstetrics-factors-influencing-mothers-satisfaction-with-the-birth-experience
#18
Cristina A Mattison, Michelle L Dion, John N Lavis, Eileen K Hutton, Michael G Wilson
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction is a key component of the care experience and part of the health system "triple aim," along with improving population health and reducing per capita health care costs, the other two parts of the "triple aim." The objectives of the study were to examine birth-experience satisfaction among women in Ontario, Canada, who received care from midwives, family physicians, and obstetricians. METHODS: We used Statistics Canada's 2006 national Maternity Experiences Survey...
April 24, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687350/genome-wide-analyses-of-late-pollen-preferred-genes-conserved-in-various-rice-cultivars-and-functional-identification-of-a-gene-involved-in-the-key-processes-of-late-pollen-development
#19
Sunok Moon, Moe Moe Oo, Backki Kim, Hee-Jong Koh, Sung Aeong Oh, Gihwan Yi, Gynheung An, Soon Ki Park, Ki-Hong Jung
BACKGROUND: Understanding late pollen development, including the maturation and pollination process, is a key component in maintaining crop yields. Transcriptome data obtained through microarray or RNA-seq technologies can provide useful insight into those developmental processes. Six series of microarray data from a public transcriptome database, the Gene Expression Omnibus of the National Center for Biotechnology Information, are related to anther and pollen development. RESULTS: We performed a systematic and functional study across the rice genome of genes that are preferentially expressed in the late stages of pollen development, including maturation and germination...
April 23, 2018: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687190/monitoring-healthy-and-disturbed-sleep-through-smartphone-applications-a-review-of-experimental-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Edita Fino, Michela Mazzetti
Smartphone applications are considered as the prime candidate for the purposes of large-scale, low-cost and long-term sleep monitoring. How reliable and scientifically grounded is smartphone-based assessment of healthy and disturbed sleep remains a key issue in this direction. Here we offer a review of validation studies of sleep applications to the aim of providing some guidance in terms of their reliability to assess sleep in healthy and clinical populations, and stimulating further examination of their potential for clinical use and improved sleep hygiene...
April 23, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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