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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719430/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-improves-the-diagnosis-of-perioperative-mi
#1
Jamie C Brown, Eslam Samaha, Srikar Rao, Mohammad A Helwani, Andreas Duma, Frank Brown, Brian F Gage, J Philip Miller, Allan S Jaffe, Fred S Apple, Mitchell G Scott, Peter Nagele
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) after noncardiac surgery has traditionally relied on using relatively insensitive contemporary cardiac troponin (cTn) assays. We hypothesized that using a recently introduced novel high-sensitivity cTnT (hscTnT) assay would increase the detection rate of perioperative MI. METHODS: In this ancillary study of the Vitamins in Nitrous Oxide trial, readjudicated incidence rates of myocardial injury (new isolated cTn elevation) and MI were compared when diagnosed by contemporary cTnI versus hscTnT...
July 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719146/natural-compounds-in-cancer-prevention-effects-of-coffee-extracts-and-their-main-polyphenolic-component-5-cqa-on-oncogenic-ras-proteins
#2
Alessandro Palmioli, Carlotta Cairamelli, Renata Tisi, Michela Spinelli, Gaia De Sanctis, Elena Sacco, Cristina Airoldi
Recent epidemiological studies demonstrate that consumption of healthy foods, especially rich in polyphenols content, might reduce the incidence of cancer and degenerative diseases. In particular, chlorogenic acids (CGAs) occur ubiquitously in food, representing the most abundant polyphenols in the human diet. A number of CGA beneficial biological effects, including anti-inflammatory activity, anti-carcinogenic activity and protection against neurodegenerative diseases have been reported. However, the molecular mechanisms at the basis of these biological activities have not yet been investigated in depth...
July 18, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716677/incidence-of-active-tuberculosis-in-individuals-with-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-rural-china-follow-up-results-of-a-population-based-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Lei Gao, Xiangwei Li, Jianmin Liu, Xinhua Wang, Wei Lu, Liqiong Bai, Henan Xin, Haoran Zhang, Hengjing Li, Zongde Zhang, Yu Ma, Mufei Li, Boxuan Feng, Jiang Du, Hongtao Sui, Rong Zhao, Haoxiang Su, Shouguo Pan, Ling Guan, Fei Shen, Jian He, Shumin Yang, Hongyan Si, Xu Cheng, Zuhui Xu, Yunhong Tan, Tianzhu Chen, Weiguo Xu, Hong Peng, Zhijian Wang, Tao Zhu, Xiaoyou Chen, Xinhua Zhou, Xueling Guan, Qi Jin
BACKGROUND: The management of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is a new priority action for the WHO End Tuberculosis (TB) Strategy. However, national guidelines on latent tuberculosis infection testing and treatment have not yet been developed in China. Here, we present the results from the 2-year follow-up of a study that aimed to track the development of active disease in individuals with latent tuberculosis infection, identify priority populations for latent infection management, and explore the most suitable latent infection diagnostic approach...
July 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713241/cold-temperature-encoding-by-cutaneous-trpa1-and-trpm8-carrying-fibers-in-the-mouse
#4
Zoltan Winter, Philipp Gruschwitz, Stephanie Eger, Filip Touska, Katharina Zimmermann
Previous research identified TRPM8 and TRPA1 cold transducers with separate functions, one being functional in the non-noxious range and the second one being a nociceptive transducer. TRPM8-deficient mice present overt deficits in the detection of environmental cool, but not a lack of cold avoidance and TRPA1-deficient mice show clear deficits in some cold nocifensive assays. The extent of TRPA1's contribution to cold sensing in vivo is still unclear, because mice lacking both TRPM8 and TRPA1 (DKO) were described with unchanged cold avoidance from TRPM8(-/-) based on a two-temperature-choice assay and by c-fos measurement...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713076/prospective-relation-of-circulating-adipokines-to-incident-metabolic-syndrome-the-framingham-heart-study
#5
Justin P Zachariah, Rene Quiroz, Kerrie P Nelson, Zhaoyang Teng, John F Keaney, Lisa M Sullivan, Ramachandran S Vasan
BACKGROUND: Adipokines are elaborated by adipose tissue and are associated with glycemic, lipid, and vascular traits. We hypothesized that in a cross-sectional analysis circulating adipokines are altered among subsets of obesity stratified by presence versus absence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and prospectively predict the incidence of MetS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants in the community-based Framingham Third Generation Cohort who attended examination cycle 1 were included in the study (2002-2005; N=3777, mean age, 40 years; 59% women)...
July 16, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712669/use-of-interferon-gamma-release-assay-and-tuberculin-skin-test-in-diagnosing-tuberculosis-in-lithuanian-adults-a-comparative-analysis
#6
Laura Tamašauskienė, Edita Hansted, Astra Vitkauskienė, Skaidrius Miliauskas, Albinas Naudžiūnas, Brigita Šitkauskienė
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lithuania belongs to the group of countries with a high-incidence of tuberculosis (TB). Some scientific studies show that the interferon-gamma release assay is more accurate and correlates more highly with TB exposure as compared to the tuberculin skin test (TST). This study aimed at comparing the efficacy between the T SPOT TB and TST for diagnosing TB among Lithuanian adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individuals with diagnosed TB, healthcare workers with known risk for TB and individuals without any known risk for TB underwent clinical examinations, interviews about their history of TB exposure and chest radiography...
July 3, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711173/presymptomatic-diagnosis-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy-through-newborn-screening
#7
Yin-Hsiu Chien, Shu-Chuan Chiang, Wen-Chin Weng, Ni-Chung Lee, Ching-Jie Lin, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Wang-Tso Lee, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Tsang-Ming Ko, Wuh-Liang Hwu
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of presymptomatic diagnosis of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) through newborn screening (NBS). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a screening trial to assess all newborns who underwent routine newborn metabolic screening at the National Taiwan University Hospital newborn screening center between November 2014 and September 2016. A real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) genotyping assay for the SMN1/SMN2 intron 7 c.888+100A/G polymorphism was performed to detect homozygous SMN1 deletion using dried blood spot (DBS) samples...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709686/toxicologic-evaluations-of-recombinant-liver-targeting-interferon-ifn-csp-genotoxicity-and-tegenicratoity
#8
Wenting Zeng, Chunxu Wu, Jie Wang, Lingjie Cao, Xiaobao Jin, Jiayong Zhu, Xuemei Lu
Interferon alpha as the one of FDA recommended drugs for Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has many side effects. Targeting IFNα to the liver may be a strategy to increase its efficacy locally and may increase efficacy of IFNα-based therapy of HBV infection. We have prepared a novel liver-targeting fusion interferon (IFN-CSP) combining IFN α2b with plasmodium region I peptide and have revealed it may be an excellent candidate as a liver-targeting anti-HBV agent. In this study, we investigated the genotoxic and teratogenic effects of IFN-CSP...
July 11, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708037/greater-sensitivity-of-oral-fibroblasts-to-smoked-vs-smokeless-tobacco
#9
Thomas E Lallier, John T Moylan, Erin Maturin
OBJECTIVE: Smokers have an increased incidence and severity of periodontal disease. While cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemical components that could affect periodontal tissues, less is understood about the effect of smokeless tobacco. Therefore, this study compared the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) to smokeless tobacco extract (STE) on cell survival and motility of periodontal ligament (PDL) and gingival fibroblasts in vitro. METHODS: PDL and gingival fibroblasts were exposed to varying concentrations of CSE, STE or nicotine alone...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706985/clinical-utility-of-epstein-barr-virus-viral-load-monitoring-and-risk-factors-for-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorders-after-kidney-transplantation-a-single-center-10-year-observational-cohort-study
#10
Erica Franceschini, Jessica Plessi, Stefano Zona, Antonella Santoro, Margherita Digaetano, Francesco Fontana, Gaetano Alfano, Giovanni Guaraldi, Patrizia Comoli, Francesca Facchini, Leonardo Potenza, William Gennari, Mauro Codeluppi, Mario Luppi, Gianni Cappelli, Inge C Gyssens, Cristina Mussini
BACKGROUND: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplants. Epstein Barr virus (EBV) plays a major role in PTLD development. Guidelines recommend EBV viral load (VL) monitoring in high-risk populations in the first year. METHODS: Retrospective observational study in all adult patients who had at least 1 EBV-VL performed in the postkidney transplant (KT) period from January 2005 to December 2014 at the Policlinico Modena Hospital...
July 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706912/diagnosis-and-prognosis-review-of-biomarkers-for-mesothelioma
#11
REVIEW
Huan H Sun, Allen Vaynblat, Harvey I Pass
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive disease arising in pleural cell lining and is associated with asbestos exposure. Today, there is a rising incidence of MPM reaching 3,000 annual cases nationally, primarily from the large population occupationally exposed to asbestos between 1940 and 1980. With a prolonged latency period, presenting clinically 10 to 40 years after exposure, MPM is often diagnosed in late stages and presents median survival time of less than 12 months. There is a serious need for improvement in prognostic and diagnostic tools for MPM...
June 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705183/generic-amplification-and-next-generation-sequencing-reveal-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-ap92-like-strain-and-distinct-tick-phleboviruses-in-anatolia-turkey
#12
Ender Dinçer, Annika Brinkmann, Olcay Hekimoğlu, Sabri Hacıoğlu, Katalin Földes, Zeynep Karapınar, Pelin Fatoş Polat, Bekir Oğuz, Özlem Orunç Kılınç, Peter Hagedorn, Nurdan Özer, Aykut Özkul, Andreas Nitsche, Koray Ergünay
BACKGROUND: Ticks are involved with the transmission of several viruses with significant health impact. As incidences of tick-borne viral infections are rising, several novel and divergent tick- associated viruses have recently been documented to exist and circulate worldwide. This study was performed as a cross-sectional screening for all major tick-borne viruses in several regions in Turkey. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was employed for virus genome characterization. Ticks were collected at 43 locations in 14 provinces across the Aegean, Thrace, Mediterranean, Black Sea, central, southern and eastern regions of Anatolia during 2014-2016...
July 14, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705180/etiology-and-prognosis-of-acute-viral-encephalitis-and-meningitis-in-chinese-children-a-multicentre-prospective-study
#13
Junhong Ai, Zhengde Xie, Gang Liu, Zongbo Chen, Yong Yang, Yuning Li, Jing Chen, Guo Zheng, Kunling Shen
BACKGROUND: In China, there were few studies about the pathogens of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in children in recent years. The aims of this study were to characterize the etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children. METHODS: This was a multicentre prospective study. Two hundred and sixty one viral encephalitis patients and 285 viral meningitis patients were enrolled. The mean age of viral encephalitis and meningitis were 5...
July 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702894/21-gene-recurrence-score-and-locoregional-recurrence-in-lymph-node-negative-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer
#14
Gulisa Turashvili, Joanne F Chou, Edi Brogi, Monica Morrow, Maura Dickler, Larry Norton, Clifford Hudis, Hannah Y Wen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) assay evaluates the likelihood of distant recurrence and benefit of chemotherapy in lymph node-negative, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer patients. The RS categories are associated with the risk of locoregional recurrence (LRR) in some, but not all studies. METHODS: We reviewed the institutional database to identify consecutive female patients with node-negative, ER+/HER2- breast carcinoma tested for the 21-gene RS assay and treated at our center from 2008 to 2013...
July 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701332/circulating-rankl-and-rankl-opg-and-breast-cancer-risk-by-er-and-pr-subtype-results-from-the-epic-cohort
#15
Danja Sarink, Helena Schock, Theron Johnson, Kim Overvad, Marianne Holm, Anne Tjonneland, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Mathilde His, Marina Kvaskoff, Heiner Boeing, Pagona Lagiou, Eleni-Maria Papatesta, Antonia Trichopoulou, Domenico Palli, Valeria Pala, Amalia Mattiello, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, H B As Bueno-de-Mesquita, Carla H van Gils, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Antonio Agudo, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Pilar Amiano, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Laure Dossus, Marc J Gunter, Sabina Rinaldi, Melissa A Merritt, Elio Riboli, Rudolf Kaaks, Renee T Fortner
Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)-RANK ligand (RANKL) signaling promotes mammary tumor development in experimental models. Circulating concentrations of soluble RANKL (sRANKL) may influence breast cancer risk via activation of RANK signaling; this may be modulated by osteoprotegerin (OPG), the decoy receptor for RANKL. sRANKL and breast cancer risk by hormone receptor subtype has not previously been investigated. <p>A case-control study was nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort...
July 12, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696381/cost-saving-opportunities-in-nsclc-therapy-by-optimized-diagnostics
#16
Ilija Nenadić, Jeanine Staber, Susanne Dreier, Guus Simons, Verena Schildgen, Michael Brockmann, Oliver Schildgen
With an incidence of 68 new cases per 100,000 people per year, an estimated total number of up to 350,000 new non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases are diagnosed each year in the European Union. Up to 10% of NSCLC patients are eligible for therapy with novel ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) inhibitors, as they have been diagnosed with a mutation in the gene coding for ALK. The ALK inhibitor therapy costs add up to approx. 9,000 € per patient per month, with treatment durations of up to one year. Recent studies have shown that up to 10% of ALK cases are misdiagnosed by nearly 40% of pathologic investigations...
July 11, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694663/inhibition-of-n-methyl-n-nitrosourea-induced-gastric-tumorigenesis-by-liuwei-dihuang-pill-in-db-db-mice
#17
Shan Zhuang, Yong-Mei Jian, Yong-Ning Sun
AIM: To investigate the inhibitory effect of Liuwei Dihuang Pill (LDP) on gastric tumorigenesis induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) in diabetic mice. METHODS: Four-week-old mice were divided into four groups: A, 12 db/m mice treated with MNU and saline, as the non-diabetic control; B, 12 db/db mice treated with MNU and saline, as the diabetic control; C, 12 db/db mice treated with MNU and metformin, as the positive control; and D, 12 db/db mice treated with MNU and LDP...
June 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693459/screening-for-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-in-neonates-a-comparison-between-cord-and-peripheral-blood-samples
#18
Saif AlSaif, Ma Bella Ponferrada, Khalid AlKhairy, Khalil AlTawil, Adel Sallam, Ibrahim Ahmed, Mohammed Khawaji, Khalid AlHathlol, Beverly Baylon, Ahmed AlSuhaibani, Mohammed AlBalwi
BACKGROUND: The use of cord blood in the neonatal screening for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is being done with increasing frequency but has yet to be adequately evaluated against the use of peripheral blood sample which is usually employed for confirmation. We sought to determine the incidence and gender distribution of G6PD deficiency, and compare the results of cord against peripheral blood in identifying G6PD DEFICIENCY neonates using quantitative enzyme activity assay...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693432/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-pregnant-women-from-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso
#19
Sanata Bamba, Mamoudou Cissé, Ibrahim Sangaré, Adama Zida, Souleymane Ouattara, Robert T Guiguemdé
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is one of the common worldwide parasitic zoonosis due to Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy can result in fetal and neonatal death or various congenital defects. The aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence and risk factors of T. gondii infection in pregnant women following antenatal care (ANC) services at Bobo Dioulasso. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted enrolling a sample of 316 pregnant women attending ANC at centers for maternal and child health of Bobo-Dioulasso town from March 2013 to February 2014...
July 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693290/therapy-with-transcutaneous-administration-of-imiquimod-combined-with-oral-administration-of-sorafenib-suppresses-renal-cell-carcinoma-growing-in-an-orthotopic-mouse-model
#20
Takashi Karashima, Keiko Udaka, Mayumi Niimura, Katsuhide Suzuki, Hiroto Osakabe, Tsutomu Shimamoto, Satoshi Fukata, Keiji Inoue, Naoto Kuroda, Motoharu Seiki, Taro Shuin
Imiquimod is an imidazoquinoline immune response modifier that is used in antiviral and antiallergic creams. Combination therapy using transcutaneous imiquimod and oral sorafenib was previously demonstrated to reduce the tumor burden of renal cell carcinoma growing cutaneously in a mouse model. In the present study, an orthotopic mouse model was used to investigate whether combined treatment with oral sorafenib and transcutaneous imiquimod inhibited renal cell carcinoma growing in the kidney. Kidneys of female BALB/c mice were orthotopically implanted with RENCA mouse kidney cancer cells, and the mice were transcutaneously treated with cream containing imiquimod and/or with orally administered sorafenib 5 days following cell implantation...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
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