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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771940/unplanned-pregnancies-and-contraceptive-use-among-hiv-positive-women-in-care
#1
Madeline Y Sutton, Wen Zhou, Emma L Frazier
Among 230,360 women with diagnosed HIV in the United States (U.S.), ~ 8,500 give birth annually, and unplanned pregnancies (as with HIV-negative women) are prevalent. However, unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women have been understudied. To examine unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women, we used 2013-2014 data from the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP), an HIV surveillance system that produces national estimates for HIV-positive adults in care in the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771865/repeat-hiv-testing-by-transmission-risk-group-and-rurality-of-residence-in-north-carolina
#2
Rachael M Billock, Erika Samoff, Anna B Cope, Lynne A Sampson, Christopher B Hurt, Kimberly A Powers
BACKGROUND: Understanding of repeat HIV testing (RHT) is limited and the impact of rural residence as a potential barrier to RHT is unknown. Rural populations are of particular interest in the Southeastern United States because of their disproportionate HIV burden. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance data from publicly funded HIV testing sites in North Carolina (NC) to assess repeat testing by transmission risk group and residential rurality in a retrospective cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771785/cutaneous-melanoma-risk-among-people-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#3
Elizabeth L Yanik, Raúl U Hernández-Ramírez, Li Qin, Haiqun Lin, Wendy Leyden, Romain S Neugebauer, Michael A Horberg, Richard D Moore, W Christopher Mathews, Amy C Justice, Nancy A Hessol, Angel M Mayor, M John Gill, John T Brooks, Jing Sun, Keri N Althoff, Eric A Engels, Michael J Silverberg, Robert Dubrow
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous melanoma incidence may be modestly elevated in people with HIV (PWH) versus people without HIV. However, little is known about the relationship of immunosuppression, HIV replication, and antiretroviral treatment (ART) with melanoma risk. METHODS: PWH of white race in the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design were included. A standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was calculated comparing risk with the white general population, standardizing by age, sex, and calendar period...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770215/heterogeneity-in-geographical-trends-of-hiv-epidemics-among-key-populations-in-pakistan-a-mathematical-modeling-study-of-survey-data
#4
Dessalegn Y Melesse, Leigh Anne Shafer, Faran Emmanuel, Tahira Reza, Baseer K Achakzai, Sofia Furqan, James F Blanchard
Background: Assessing patterns and trends in new infections is key to better understanding of HIV epidemics, and is best done through monitoring changes in incidence over time. In this study, we examined disparities in geographical trends of HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs (PWIDs), female sex workers (FSWs) and hijra /transgender/male sex workers (H/MSWs), in Pakistan. Methods: The UNAIDS Estimation and Projection Package (EPP) mathematical model was used to explore geographical trends in HIV epidemics...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770100/lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-quebec-re-emergence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
C A Boutin, S Venne, M Fiset, C Fortin, D Murphy, A Severini, C Martineau, J Longtin, A C Labbé
Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes L1 , L2 and L3 . This LGV is associated with significant morbidity and increased risk of HIV transmission. While fewer than two cases per year were reported in Quebec before 2005, LGV emerged in 2005-2006 with 69 cases, followed by a period of low incidence (2007-2012), and subsequent re-emergence since 2013. Objectives: To describe the incidence of LGV in Quebec and the characteristics of the affected population, including demographics and risk factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatments and reinfection rates...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770078/evaluating-the-timeliness-of-reporting-in-a-first-nations-communicable-diseases-program
#6
A Lam, S Woods, N Ndubuka
Background: Timely reporting of communicable diseases is necessary to enable a prompt response to mitigate and control outbreaks. This is especially true among First Nations communities due to a number of factors, including unique social determinants of health, which can contribute to rapid disease transmission. Objective: To assess the timeliness of reporting for 12 notifiable communicable diseases in the Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, which includes 33 First Nations on-reserve communities in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada, and to assess whether there were differences in reporting times depending on degree of remoteness of community, season or year...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770057/aids-in-canada-surveillance-report-2016
#7
L Jonah, A C Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, O Varsaneux, W Siu
Background: Although there continues to be a global epidemic of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) there has been a decrease in the number of people dying of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), largely due to successful treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Objective: To provide a descriptive overview of the reported cases of AIDS in Canada by identifying trends by geographic location, sex, age group and mortality. While the descriptive analysis focuses on the year 2016, results are presented for reported cases from the beginning of national AIDS surveillance in 1979...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770056/hiv-in-canada-surveillance-report-2016
#8
A C Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, L Jonah, O Varsaneux, W Siu
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a global public health concern, with 2.1 million people newly infected in 2015. Although many high-income countries have noted decreasing rates of HIV, between 2013 and 2015 Canada's rates had stabilized at 5.8 per 100,000 population. Objective: To provide a descriptive overview of reported cases of HIV in Canada up until 2016 by geographic location, sex, age group, exposure category and race/ethnicity, with a focus on the most recent data...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768489/optimal-allocation-of-hiv-prevention-funds-for-state-health-departments
#9
Emine Yaylali, Paul G Farnham, Stacy Cohen, David W Purcell, Heather Hauck, Stephanie L Sansom
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the optimal allocation of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) HIV prevention funds for health departments in 52 jurisdictions, incorporating Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program funds, to improve outcomes along the HIV care continuum and prevent infections. METHODS: Using surveillance data from 2010 to 2012 and budgetary data from 2012, we divided the 52 health departments into 5 groups varying by number of persons living with diagnosed HIV (PLWDH), median annual CDC HIV prevention budget, and median annual HRSA expenditures supporting linkage to care, retention in care, and adherence to antiretroviral therapy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765082/pretreatment-drug-resistance-in-a-large-countrywide-ethiopian-hiv-1c-cohort-a-comparison-of-sanger-and-high-throughput-sequencing
#10
Nigus Fikrie Telele, Amare Worku Kalu, Solomon Gebre-Selassie, Daniel Fekade, Samir Abdurahman, Gaetano Marrone, Ujjwal Neogi, Belete Tegbaru, Anders Sönnerborg
Baseline plasma samples of 490 randomly selected antiretroviral therapy (ART) naïve patients from seven hospitals participating in the first nationwide Ethiopian HIV-1 cohort were analysed for surveillance drug resistance mutations (sDRM) by population based Sanger sequencing (PBSS). Also next generation sequencing (NGS) was used in a subset of 109 baseline samples of patients. Treatment outcome after 6- and 12-months was assessed by on-treatment (OT) and intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses. Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) was detected in 3...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759976/missed-opportunities-for-prevention-of-vertical-hiv-transmission-in-canada-1997-2016-a-surveillance-study
#11
Ari Bitnun, Terry Lee, Jason Brophy, Lindy M Samson, Fatima Kakkar, Wendy Vaudry, Ben Tan, Deborah M Money, Joel Singer, Laura J Sauvé, Ariane Alimenti
BACKGROUND: Vertical HIV transmission has declined in Canada, but missed opportunities for prevention continue to occur. We sought to determine the adequacy, and changes over time in adequacy, of uptake of maternal and neonatal antiretroviral therapy for the prevention of vertical HIV transmission, and to determine the vertical transmission rate over time and according to adequacy of antenatal antiretroviral therapy during the combination antiretroviral therapy era in Canada. METHODS: The Canadian Perinatal HIV Surveillance Program collects data annually through retrospective chart review concerning HIV-infected women and their infants...
May 10, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752639/prevalence-of-hiv-viral-load-suppression-among-psychiatric-inpatients-with-comorbid-substance-use-disorders
#12
D M Coviello, R Lovato, K Apostol, M M Eisenberg, D S Metzger, R Szucs-Reed, N Kiryankova-Dalseth, D Kelly, A Jackson, M Plano, M B Blank
A consistently suppressed viral load enables HIV (+) patients to live longer, healthier lives and reduces the probability of transmitting the virus. Since the prevalence of HIV is four times higher among those with psychiatric disorders than in the general population, it is likely that this group would also have greater difficulty remaining in care and achieving viral suppression. A secondary data analysis utilizing screening data from the Preventing AIDS Through Health (PATH) for Triples (PFT) Study were examined to assess HIV load suppression among 254 psychiatric inpatients with comorbid substance use disorders in Philadelphia...
May 11, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750891/using-hiv-surveillance-data-to-link-people-to-hiv-medical-care-5-us-states-2012-2015
#13
John Beltrami, Odessa Dubose, Reginald Carson, Janet C Cleveland
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 through 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provided funding to 5 health departments for demonstration projects using HIV surveillance data to link people with newly diagnosed HIV to care. We assessed how well these health departments established linkage to care, how the demonstration projects helped them with this work, and if they sustained these activities after CDC funding ended. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained quantitative and qualitative data on linkage-to-care activities from health department communications and progress reports submitted to CDC...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750551/where-are-they-now-assessing-if-persons-returned-to-hiv-care-following-loss-to-follow-up-by-public-health-case-workers-were-engaged-in-care-in-follow-up-years
#14
Chi-Chi N Udeagu, Sharmila Shah, Kavita Misra, Kent A Sepkowitz, Sarah L Braunstein
We examined care engagement and viral suppression (VS) over a 1- to 5-year period among persons re-engaged in HIV care using retrospective cohort study and longitudinal follow-up. The population comprised five cohorts of persons re-engaged in care from 2009 to 2013. We used surveillance data [CD4 T cell count or HIV viral load (VL) RNA] to measure four outcomes 1-5 years post-care engagement. Engagement-in-care indicated persons with laboratory reports in each follow-up year. Continuous engagement or sustained engagement, respectively, included persons with ≥1 or ≥2 (separated by 90 days) CD4 or VL reports in each follow-up year...
May 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747557/unsafe-injecting-practices-sexual-risk-behaviours-and-determinants-of-hiv-among-men-who-inject-drugs-results-from-integrated-biological-and-behavioural-surveillance-in-india
#15
Pradeep Kumar, Bhavna Sangal, Shreena Ramanathan, Savina Ammassari, Srinivasa Raghavan Venkatesh
In India, while an overall reduction in HIV is achieved among most key populations, the continued higher prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) is an area of concern. This paper analyses unsafe injecting and sexual risk behaviours in male PWIDs according to HIV status and also examines the determinants of HIV infection in this high-risk group. Data from India's Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance, conducted across 29 Indian states and Union Territories among 19,902 male PWIDs, were used...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745055/where-do-we-diagnose-hiv-infection-monitoring-new-diagnoses-made-in-nontraditional-settings-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland
#16
S Croxford, Z Yin, M Kall, F Burns, R Simmons, A Copas, G Ireland, P Kirwan, C Chau, V Delpech
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to describe 10-year trends in HIV diagnosis setting and to explore predictors of being diagnosed outside a sexual health clinic (SHC). METHODS: Analyses of national HIV surveillance data were restricted to adults (aged ≥ 15 years) diagnosed in 2005-2014 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Logistic regression identified factors associated with diagnosis outside an SHC (2011-2014). RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2014, 63 599 adults were newly diagnosed with HIV infection; 83% had a diagnosis setting reported...
May 9, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741291/epidemiological-characteristics-and-associated-factors-of-acute-hepatitis-a-outbreak-among-hiv-coinfected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-taiwan-june-2015-december-2016
#17
Chien-Yu Cheng, Hao-Hsin Wu, Huachun Zou, Yi-Chun Lo
In Taiwan, an outbreak of acute hepatitis A (AHA) infection has been identified since June 2015. Approximately half of the cases occurred in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM). We used the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (TCDC)-operated National Disease Surveillance Systems (NDSS) to identify the incidence of AHA during 2011-2016. Between June 2015 and December 2016, a total of 1,268 AHA cases were documented, and 601 cases (47.4%) were co-infected with HIV; the majority of whom were MSM (98.4%)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740232/hiv-epidemiology-in-nigeria
#18
REVIEW
Awoyemi Abayomi Awofala, Olusegun Emmanuel Ogundele
Nigeria realizes the devastating effects of HIV/AIDS on its people, health, economic, and social progress fairly recently. This paper analyses descriptively the HIV epidemiology in Nigeria based on the sentinel surveillance system in place. Recently, it is estimated that about 3, 229, 757 people live with HIV in Nigeria and about 220, 393 new HIV infections occurred in 2013 and 210,031 died from AIDS related cases. People practicing low-risk sex are the driving force of HIV epidemic in Nigeria while the high risk groups involving female sex workers, men who have sex with men and injecting drug users contribute substantially to new infections...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739342/high-prevalence-of-hiv-1-transmitted-drug-resistance-among-therapy-na%C3%A3-ve-burmese-entering-travelers-at-dehong-ports-in-yunnan-china
#19
Qicai Xuan, Shuwen Liang, Weihong Qin, Shuting Yang, A-Mei Zhang, Ting Zhao, Hui Su, Zhiqing Xia, Binghui Wang, Xueshan Xia
BACKGROUND: The overall success of Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) antiretroviral therapy (ART) was heavily challenged upon the occurrence of drug resistance. Dehong Prefecture witnessed not only the first report of HIV-1 infection but also the experimental adoption of antiviral treatment in China. The transmission and epidemic of HIV-1 in Dehong is impacted by cross-border activities. The characteristics of HIV-1 drug resistance among therapy-naïve Burmese entering travelers in Yunnan and their speculated origin are still not clarified...
May 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737441/long-term-supportive-housing-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-for-new-hiv-diagnoses-among-a-large-cohort-of-homeless-persons-in-new-york-city
#20
Christopher T Lee, Andrea Winquist, Ellen W Wiewel, Sarah Braunstein, Hannah T Jordan, L Hannah Gould, R Charon Gwynn, Sungwoo Lim
It is unknown whether providing housing to persons experiencing homelessness decreases HIV risk. Housing, including access to preventive services and counseling, might provide a period of transition for persons with HIV risk factors. We assessed whether the new HIV diagnosis rate was associated with duration of supportive housing. We linked data from a cohort of 21,689 persons without a previous HIV diagnosis who applied to a supportive housing program in New York City (NYC) during 2007-2013 to the NYC HIV surveillance registry...
May 8, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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