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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149914/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-motivational-interviewing-based-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-as-an-adjunct-to-usual-care-in-community-based-aids-service-organizations-study-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Bryan R Garner, Heather J Gotham, Stephen J Tueller, Elizabeth L Ball, David Kaiser, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, Steve Martino
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the first comprehensive National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States was released and included three goals: (1) reducing the number of people who become infected with HIV, (2) increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV, and (3) reducing HIV-related health disparities and health inequities. In 2013, as part of its effort to help address the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the Substance Abuse Treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149909/testing-the-implementation-and-sustainment-facilitation-isf-strategy-as-an-effective-adjunct-to-the-addiction-technology-transfer-center-attc-strategy-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Bryan R Garner, Mark Zehner, Mathew R Roosa, Steve Martino, Heather J Gotham, Elizabeth L Ball, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, David Kaiser, James H Ford
BACKGROUND: Improving the extent to which evidence-based practices (EBPs)-treatments that have been empirically shown to be efficacious or effective-are integrated within routine practice is a well-documented challenge across numerous areas of health. In 2014, the National Institute on Drug Abuse funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the substance abuse treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project. Aim 1 of the SAT2HIV Project tests the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing-based brief intervention (MIBI) for substance use as an adjunct to usual care within AIDS service organizations (ASOs) as part of its MIBI Experiment...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149507/registered-nurse-and-midwife-experiences-of-using-videoconferencing-in-practice-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#3
REVIEW
Robyn A Penny, Natalie K Bradford, Danette Langbecker
AIM: To synthesise evidence of registered nurses' and midwives' experiences with videoconferencing and identify perceptions of the appropriateness, meaningfulness and feasibility of this technology in professional and clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Videoconferencing is a form of telehealth that can facilitate access to high quality care to improve health outcomes for patients and enable clinicians working in isolation to access education, clinical supervision, peer support and case review...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149503/sexual-functioning-among-young-adult-cancer-patients-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Chiara Acquati, Brad J Zebrack, Anna C Faul, Leanne Embry, Christine Aguilar, Rebecca Block, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, David R Freyer, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related sexual dysfunction has been reported among adolescents and young adults (AYAs); however, its prevalence over time has not been examined. This longitudinal study investigated sexual dysfunction in AYAs over the course of 2 years after the initial diagnosis. METHODS: Young adult patients (18-39 years old) completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sexual Functioning Scale within the first 4 months of their diagnosis (n = 123) and again 6 (n = 107) and 24 months later (n = 95)...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149194/understanding-linkage-to-care-with-hiv-self-test-approach-in-lusaka-zambia-a-mixed-method-approach
#5
Jenala Chipungu, Samuel Bosomprah, Arianna Zanolini, Harsha Thimurthy, Roma Chilengi, Anjali Sharma, Charles B Holmes
INTRODUCTION: HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a novel approach designed to assist in achieving the goal of at least 90% of the population that learn their HIV status. A self-test user with a positive test is required to visit a clinic to link into HIV care, yet little is known about patient preferences for linkage strategies. We examined the intention to link to care amongst potential HIVST users and the suitability of three linkage to care strategies in Lusaka Province, Zambia. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross sectional survey of 1,617 individuals aged 16-49 years old in Lusaka Province...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148106/epidemiology-of-donors-and-recipients-lessons-from-the-scandat-database
#6
REVIEW
G Edgren, H Hjalgrim
With the development of several 'vein-to-vein' databases, which capture data on the entire donor-recipient continuum and link this data to health outcomes, there has been an increasing number of studies investigating the health effects of all aspects of the practice of transfusion medicine. The Scandinavian Donations and Transfusions (SCANDAT) database is one of several such databases, which includes all electronically available data on blood donors, donations and transfusions since the late 1960s in Sweden and the early 1980s in Denmark...
November 16, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145981/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-the-outpatient-setting-what-you-need-to-know-part-2
#7
REVIEW
Zain Sayeed, Leila Abaab, Mouhanad El-Othmani, Vinay Pallekonda, William Mihalko, Khaled J Saleh
The intra- and postoperative phases of outpatient total hip arthroplasty (THA) vary by institution and surgeon. An understanding of an evidence-based approach to enhancing the intra- and postoperative phases of the care continuum is warranted to offer high-value care to outpatient candidates. This article will discuss methods for implementing successful outpatient THA protocols. Specifically it reviews information regarding anesthesia and analgesia modalities, intraoperative considerations, and postoperative rehabilitation amenable to outpatient THA...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140493/a-comprehensive-definition-for-integrative-oncology
#8
Claudia M Witt, Lynda G Balneaves, Maria J Cardoso, Lorenzo Cohen, Heather Greenlee, Peter Johnstone, Ömer Kücük, Josh Mailman, Jun J Mao
Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no widely accepted definition. We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of integrative oncology. Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term "integrative oncology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139014/the-ictal-interictal-continuum-to-treat-or-not-to-treat-and-how
#9
Clio Rubinos, Alexandra S Reynolds, Jan Claassen
Continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) monitoring is becoming increasingly used in neurologic and non-neurologic intensive care units (ICUs). Non-convulsive seizures (NCSz) and periodic discharges (PDs) are commonly seen in critically ill patients. Some of these PD patterns, also known as the ictal-interictal continuum (IIC), are associated with an increased risk of seizures and poor outcome. However, we do not fully understand the significance of these periodic patterns and the decision of how aggressively to treat remains controversial...
November 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136001/a-combination-intervention-strategy-to-improve-linkage-to-and-retention-in-hiv-care-following-diagnosis-in-mozambique-a-cluster-randomized-study
#10
Batya Elul, Matthew R Lamb, Maria Lahuerta, Fatima Abacassamo, Laurence Ahoua, Stephanie A Kujawski, Maria Tomo, Ilesh Jani
BACKGROUND: Concerning gaps in the HIV care continuum compromise individual and population health. We evaluated a combination intervention strategy (CIS) targeting prevalent barriers to timely linkage and sustained retention in HIV care in Mozambique. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this cluster-randomized trial, 10 primary health facilities in the city of Maputo and Inhambane Province were randomly assigned to provide the CIS or the standard of care (SOC). The CIS included point-of-care CD4 testing at the time of diagnosis, accelerated ART initiation, and short message service (SMS) health messages and appointment reminders...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135854/an-academic-practice-partnership-model-to-grow-and-sustain-advanced-practice-nursing
#11
Tracy E Williams, Patricia B Howard
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this article were to describe the implementation of an academic-practice partnership for healthcare system workforce development and provide preliminary outcomes of the associated pilot study. BACKGROUND: The demand for cross-continuum healthcare delivery models necessitates creation of workforce development structures for advanced practice nursing. METHODS: An academic-practice partnership specified enrollment of 5 cohorts of BSN staff nurses in a 3-year DNP program...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135846/bringing-the-ohiohealth-nursing-strategic-plan-to-life-with-the-aone-care-innovation-and-transformation-program
#12
Kelly Dials, Lisa Gossett, Lindsey Osting, David Rutherford, Janet Stifter
Contemporary CNOs are committed to developing the next generation of nurse leaders. At OhioHealth, the nursing strategic vision includes the belief that every nurse will be a leader in improving health across the care continuum. In 2016, the OhioHealth System partnered with AONE to participate in the Care Innovation and Transformation program resulting in bedside nurses living this strategic vision and creating positive changes in quality, safety, and satisfaction for patients and families.
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135652/are-hiv-seroconversions-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-associated-with-social-network-proximity-to-recently-or-long-term-hiv-infected-individuals
#13
Ethan Morgan, Britt Skaathun, Rebeccah Duvoisin, Stuart Michaels, John A Schneider
Debate remains as to the relative HIV transmission contributions from individuals who are recently HIV infected and individuals who have long-term infections. In this study, we examine the relationship between new HIV seroconversions occurring among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) and network proximity to recently or long-term HIV infected individuals. A cohort of YBMSM (N = 618) was generated through respondent driven sampling across three waves. A recent HIV infection was defined as either: 1) a confirmed seroconversion ≤9 months prior to interview date or 2) a laboratory confirmed acute infection; long-term HIV infected individuals were defined as a diagnosis date ≥9 months prior to interview date...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135600/balance-and-functional-outcomes-for-older-community-dwelling-adults-who-practice-tai-chi-and-those-who-do-not-a-comparative-study
#14
Deborah Bubela, Laddie Sacharko, Judy Chan, Maegen Brady
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A growing body of literature substantiates that Tai Chi is a form of exercise that may help older adults increase strength, improve balance, lower fall rates, and experience less fear of falling. Few studies, however, offer controlled experimental design and simultaneously investigate multiple factors known to contribute to fall risk. The purpose of this study was to compare performance on measures relating to fall risk (strength, balance, functional mobility, and fear of falling) in older community-dwelling adults who participated in a community-based Tai Chi program with a control group of their peers who had no Tai Chi training over the same time period...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133471/rheumatic-heart-disease-is-continuum-of-care-achievable-in-africa
#15
EDITORIAL
Ana Olga Mocumbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132578/major-trauma-outside-a-trauma-center-prehospital-emergency-department-and-retrieval-considerations
#16
REVIEW
Preston J Fedor, Brian Burns, Michael Lauria, Clare Richmond
Care of the critically injured begins well before the patient arrives at a large academic trauma center. It is important to understand the continuum of care from the point of injury in the prehospital environment, through the local hospital and retrieval, until arrival at a trauma center capable of definitive care. This article highlights the important aspects of trauma assessment and management outside of tertiary or quaternary care hospitals. Key elements of each phase of care are reviewed, including management pearls and institutional strategies to facilitate effective and efficient treatment of trauma patients from the point of injury forward...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132452/improving-care-experiences-efficiencies-and-quality-of-care-for-seniors-in-alberta
#17
Marjan Abbasi, Sheny Khera, Julia Dabravolskaj, Linda Xia
Improving Care Experiences, Efficiencies and Quality of Care for Seniors in Alberta Forum was held to explore the current challenges and opportunities in seniors' care. A diverse group of 53 attendees, representing a cross section of healthcare organizations, front-line healthcare providers, researchers and patients, participated in facilitative, small group discussions to share and propose solutions to barriers to coordinating and integrating care for the senior population across the continuum within the Edmonton zone, to comment on a standardized assessment that may inform integrated care and support planning and to outline steps towards health information continuity...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129195/barriers-to-integrating-the-continuum-of-care-for-opioid-and-alcohol-use-disorders-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study
#18
Erik D Storholm, Allison J Ober, Sarah B Hunter, Kirsten M Becker, Praise O Iyiewuare, Chau Pham, Katherine E Watkins
Untreated substance use disorders remain a pervasive public health problem in the United States, especially among medically-underserved and low-income populations, with opioid and alcohol use disorders (OAUD) being of particular concern. Primary care is an underutilized resource for delivering treatment for OAUD, but little is known about the organizational capacity of community-based primary care clinics to integrate treatment for OAUD. The objective of this study was to use an organizational capacity framework to examine perceived barriers to implementing the continuum of care for OAUD in a community-based primary care organization over three time points: pre-implementation (preparation), early implementation (practice), and full implementation...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129135/precarious-situations-of-care-workers-in-home-based-elder-care-in-slovenia
#19
Majda Hrženjak
Based on policy analysis and individual interviews, the author analyzes the care workers' precarious situations in home-based elder care in Slovenia, a post-socialist, European Union country characterized by a rapidly aging population and delays in adapting a long-term care system to this new social risk. Employment and quasi-employment positions which coexist in home-based care can be sorted along two continuums: between public and market service; between formal and informal work. The author argues that working conditions in home-based care differ according to the position of the care worker on these two continuums, that is, being employed in public services, being self-employed, working in informal care markets, holding a status of family assistant, or being an informal family caregiver...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124360/continuum-theory-presbyphagia-to-dysphagia-functional-assessment-of-swallowing-in-the-elderly
#20
Eliézia Helena de Lima Alvarenga, Giovana Piovesan Dall'Oglio, Emi Zuiki Murano, Márcio Abrahão
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether disclosed symptoms (coughing, choking and throat clearing) can be used as early predictors of swallowing disorders in non-hospitalized elderly population. In addition, to determine the presence of early findings of swallowing disorders through fiber optic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred subjects older than 60 years were recruited from local community social meetings for seniors, they fulfilled inclusion criteria, and were given an oral interview and underwent FEES, with findings classified as: (1) saliva stasis; (2) pharyngeal residue; (3) penetration; (4) aspiration; (5) laryngeal sensitivity...
November 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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