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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918662/effects-of-a-two-week-high-intensity-training-camp-on-sleep-activity-of-professional-rugby-league-athletes
#1
Heidi R Thornton, Grant M Duthie, Nathan W Pitchford, Jace A Delaney, Dean T Benton, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a training camp on the sleep characteristics of professional rugby league players compared to a home period. METHODS: During a seven-day home and 13-day camp period, time in bed (TIB), total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency (SE) and wake after sleep onset (WASO) were measured using wristwatch actigraphy. Subjective wellness and training loads (TL) were also collected. Differences in sleep and TL between the two periods and the effect of daytime naps on night time sleep were examined using linear mixed models...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918659/importance-of-various-training-load-measures-on-injury-incidence-of-professional-rugby-league-athletes
#2
Heidi R Thornton, Jace A Delaney, Grant M Duthie, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of various internal and external training load (TL) monitoring measures to predict injury incidence amongst positional groups within professional rugby league athletes. METHODS: TL and injury data were collected across 3 seasons (2013-2015) from twenty-five players competing in the National Rugby League competition. Daily TL data were included in the analysis, including session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE-TL), total distance (TD), high-speed running distance (HSD; >5m·s(-1)) and high-metabolic power distance (HPD; >20 W·kg(-1))...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915004/economic-analysis-of-the-nairobi-cancer-registry-implications-for-expanding-and-enhancing-cancer-registration-in-kenya
#3
Anne Korir, Robai Gakunga, Sujha Subramanian, Nathan Okerosi, Gladys Chesumbai, Patrick Edwards, Florence Tangka, Rachael Joseph, Nathan Buziba, Victor Rono, Donald Maxwell Parkin, Mona Saraiya
INTRODUCTION: Cancer registration is an important activity for informing cancer control activities. Cancer registries in Sub-Saharan Africa have limited resources to effectively operate because of competing priorities. To date, there has not been an assessment of the resources and funding needed to perform all the activities essential for cancer registration in Kenya. Evidence will help registries to quantify and advocate for the funds needed to sustain, enhance, and expand high quality cancer registration in Kenya...
November 30, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902163/student-life-if-at-first-you-don-t-succeed%C3%A2
#4
Grant Byrne
When I started my nurse training, I was brimming with enthusiasm and couldn't wait to get out on the wards. However, my experience since then has been something of a rocky road.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899733/scientific-eminence-where-are-the-women
#5
Alice H Eagly, David I Miller
Women are sparsely represented among psychologists honored for scientific eminence. However, most currently eminent psychologists started their careers when far fewer women pursued training in psychological science. Now that women earn the majority of psychology Ph.D.'s, will they predominate in the next generation's cadre of eminent psychologists? Comparing currently active female and male psychology professors on publication metrics such as the h index provides clues for answering this question. Men outperform women on the h index and its two components: scientific productivity and citations of contributions...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894803/evaluating-the-impacts-of-the-clean-cities-program
#6
Shiyong Qiu, Nikhil Kaza
The Department of Energy's Clean Cities program was created in 1993 to reduce petroleum usage in the transportation sector. The program promotes alternative fuels such as biofuels and fuel-saving strategies such as idle reduction and fleet management through coalitions of local government, non-profit, and private actors. Few studies have evaluated the impact of the program because of its complexity that include interrelated strategies of grants, education and training and diversity of participants. This paper uses a Difference-in-Differences (DiD) approach to evaluate the effectiveness of the program between 1990 and 2010...
November 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893914/teamstepps-in-long-term-care-an-academic-partnership-part-ii
#7
Tammy C Roman, Kylene Abraham, Kathleen Dever
In 2015, the Academy for Leadership in Long-Term Care received a grant to provide interprofessional training on the strategies and techniques of TeamSTEPPS(®). The results indicated significant changes in the participants' teamwork and communication strategies to improve resident safety. In part two of this article, the discussion includes the implementation, evaluation results, and implications from this worthy initiative. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(12):534-535.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893366/husis-a-dedicated-space-for-studying-human-interactions
#8
Ryan Schubert, Greg Welch, Salam Daher, Andrew Raij
To support the study of effective human-surrogate interaction techniques and modalities, the Office of Naval Research awarded an equipment grant to support the development of a Human-Surrogate Interaction Space (HuSIS) at the University of Central Florida in the Institute for Simulation & Training. The HuSIS consists of a dedicated physical space, structures, and components designed specifically for carrying out controlled studies related to human-surrogate interactions. This article describes the motivation, design, and realization of the HuSIS and the benefits of the common data-collection and analysis framework developed for HuSIS research...
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885654/historical-trends-in-graduate-research-and-training-of-diplomates-of-the-american-board-of-forensic-anthropology
#9
Jonathan D Bethard
The history of forensic anthropology has been documented by numerous scholars. These contributions have described the work of early pioneers in the field and have described important milestones, such as the founding of the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) in 1972 and the American Board of Forensic Anthropology (ABFA) in 1977. This paper contributes to the growing literature on the history of forensic anthropology by documenting the academic training of all individuals who have been granted diplomate status by the ABFA (n = 115)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876096/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-very-low-carbohydrate-and-high-carbohydrate-diets-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Jeannie Tay, Ian T Zajac, Campbell H Thompson, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Vanessa Danthiir, Manny Noakes, Jonathan D Buckley, Gary A Wittert, Grant D Brinkworth
This study compared the longer-term effects of a very low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet with a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on cognitive performance in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In total, 115 obese adults with T2D (sixty-six males, BMI: 34·6 (sd 4·3) kg/m2, age: 58 (sd 7) years, HbA1c: 7·3 (sd 1·1) %, diabetes duration: 8 (sd 6) years) were randomised to consume either an energy-restricted, very low-carbohydrate, low-saturated-fat (LC) diet or an energy-matched high unrefined carbohydrate, low-fat (HC) diet with supervised aerobic/resistance exercise (60 min, 3 d/week) for 52 weeks...
November 23, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874320/a-consensual-qualitative-research-analysis-of-the-experience-of-inmate-hospice-caregivers-posttraumatic-growth-while-incarcerated
#11
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Christopher W Kerr, Debra L Luczkiewicz
A growing number of correctional facilities train inmates to provide end-of-life care for dying inmates. This study explores the phenomenological perspective of inmate-caregivers participating in an inmate-facilitated hospice program (IFHP) with regard to meaning and purpose in life, attitudes on death and dying, and perceived personal impact of participation. Twenty-two inmate-caregivers were interviewed at a maximum-security state correctional facility in the United States. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866727/who-did-the-case-perceptions-on-resident-operative-participation
#12
Jennifer A Perone, Grant T Fankhauser, Deepak Adhikari, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Majka B Woods, John H Strohmeyer, Douglas S Tyler, Kimberly M Brown
BACKGROUND: The ACGME case log is one of the primary metrics used to determine resident competency; it is unclear if this is an accurate reflection of the residents' role and participation. METHODS: Residents and faculty were independently administered 16-question surveys following each case over a three-week period. The main outcome was agreement between resident and faculty on resident role and percent of the case performed by the resident. RESULTS: Matched responses were collected for 87 cases...
November 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834553/monitoring-what-matters-a-systematic-process-for-selecting-training-load-measures
#13
Sean Williams, Grant Trewartha, Matthew J Cross, Simon P T Kemp, Keith A Stokes
PURPOSE: Numerous derivative measures can be calculated from the simple session-Rating of Perceived Exertion (sRPE) tool for monitoring training loads (e.g., acute:chronic workload and cumulative loads). The challenge from a practitioner's perspective is to decide which measures they should calculate and monitor in their athletes for injury prevention purposes. The aim of the current study was to outline a systematic process of data reduction and variable selection for such training load measures...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829653/using-primary-care-to-address-violence-against-women-in-intimate-partner-relationships-professional-training-needs
#14
Aida Torralbas-Fernández, Marybexy Calcerrada-Gutiérrez
Unified, prevention- and community-oriented, Cuba's National Health System is well positioned to address social problems such as gender violence against women. It is sometimes taken for granted that family doctors, family nurses and psychologists in the health system should be able to deal with such cases. However, some studies among these professionals have revealed misconceptions about intimate partner violence, an insufficient understanding of its causes, and greater tolerance of psychological violence than of physical and sexual violence...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814809/-nurse-prescribing-rights-the-uk-experience
#15
Dianne Bowskill, Joanne Lymn
The United Kingdom has gradually introduced nurse prescribing. This authorisation is granted upon completion of a theoretical and practical training course. This evolution has been deemed to have had a positive impact twenty years after its implementation.
October 2016: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806004/the-validity-and-contributing-physiological-factors-to-30-15-intermittent-fitness-test-performance-in-rugby-league
#16
Tannath J Scott, Grant M Duthie, Jace A Delaney, Colin E Sanctuary, David A Ballard, Jeremy A Hickmans, Ben J Dascombe
This study examined the validity of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (30-15IFT) within rugby league. Sixty-three Australian elite and junior-elite rugby league players (22.5 ± 4.5 yr, 96.1. kg ± 9.5 kg, Σ7 skinfolds: 71.0 ± 18.7 mm) from a professional club participated in this study. Players were assessed for anthropometry (body mass, Σ7 skinfolds, lean mass index), prolonged high-intensity intermittent running (PHIR; measured by 30-15IFT), predicted aerobic capacity (MSFT) and power (AAS), speed (40 m sprint), repeated sprint and change of direction (COD - 505 agility test) ability prior to and following an 11 week pre-season training period...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802069/a-community-needs-assessment-for-the-development-of-an-interprofessional-palliative-care-training-curriculum
#17
Heather Coats, Tia Paganelli, Helene Starks, Taryn Lindhorst, Anne Starks Acosta, Larry Mauksch, Ardith Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: There is a known shortage of trained palliative care professionals, and an even greater shortage of professionals who have been trained through interprofessional curricula. As part of an institutional Palliative Care Training Center grant, a core team of interprofessional palliative care academic faculty and staff completed a state-wide palliative care educational assessment to determine the needs for an interprofessional palliative care training program. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the process and results of our community needs assessment of interprofessional palliative care educational needs in Washington state...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783829/teamstepps-in-long-term-care-an-academic-partnership-part-i
#18
Tammy C Roman, Kylene Abraham, Kathleen Dever
In 2015, the Academy for Leadership in Long-Term Care received a grant to provide interprofessional training on the strategies and techniques of TeamSTEPPS(®). The results indicated significant changes in the participants' teamwork and communication strategies to improve resident safety. In part one of this article, the discussion includes the background, literature review, and design of this TeamSTEPPS academic partnership. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(11):490-492.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783556/adherence-to-rivaroxaban-dabigatran-and-apixaban-for-stroke-prevention-in-incident-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Joshua D Brown, Anand R Shewale, Jeffery C Talbert
BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are widely used for prevention of stroke secondary to nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Increased use of NOACs is partially a result of simplified regimens compared with warfarin, which has been associated with poor adherence and persistence to therapy. Few studies have assessed adherence to NOACs, especially using contemporary data now that multiple NOACs are available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adherence to NOACs in a cohort of newly diagnosed NVAF patients who are commercially insured...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769231/a-dynamic-approach-to-communication-in-health-literacy-education
#20
Herman Veenker, Wolter Paans
BACKGROUND: Research within the framework of Self-Determination Theory (SDT) indicates that patients' autonomy is to be considered a critical health care outcome in its own right since it promotes improved mental and physical health. This paper presents an analysis of studies addressing communication and interaction interventions in health literacy curricula for medical and health care practitioners, focusing on patient-oriented skills in "making sense" and "to adapt and self-manage"...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
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