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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212062/community-health-agency-administrators-access-to-public-health-data-for-program-planning-evaluation-and-grant-preparation
#1
Sandra D Lane, Donna M Cashman, Robert H Keefe, Lutchmie Narine, Bradford Ducre, Sharon Chesna, Meghan Hall, David Oliver
The Affordable Care Act mandates that public health data be made available for community agency use. Having access to such data allows community agencies to tailor interventions, evaluations, and funding requests more effectively. This study, jointly undertaken by Syracuse University faculty and students with the New York State Perinatal Association, sought to understand community agencies' access to requests for governmental data, as well as to identify areas for improving data access. Results from this survey of administrators from 43 agencies in New York State found that only one-half of their requests for data were successful...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192609/effect-of-vitamin-d3-fortification-and-saskatoon-berry-syrup-addition-on-the-flavor-profile-acceptability-and-antioxidant-properties-of-rooibos-tea-aspalathus-linearis
#2
Jennifer Grant, Donna Ryland, Cara K Isaak, Suvira Prashar, Yaw L Siow, Carla G Taylor, Michel Aliani
The unique characteristics and healthful reputation of caffeine-free rooibos tea (RT) make it an ideal carrier for vitamin D3 supplementation, and a potential base for the addition of Saskatoon berry syrup (SBS), a natural flavor additive. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D3 fortification and SBS addition on the flavor profile, consumer acceptability, and antioxidant properties of RT. Six formulations (RT, RT with SBS, RT with SBS and vitamin D3 , RT with vitamin D3 , green tea [GT], and GT with SBS) were evaluated by 12 trained panelists and 114 consumers...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173775/evaluation-and-implementation-of-highly-challenging-balance-training-in-clinical-practice-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-protocol-for-the-hibalance-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#3
Breiffni Leavy, Lydia Kwak, Maria Hagströmer, Erika Franzén
BACKGROUND: If people with progressive neurological diseases are to avail of evidence-based rehabilitation, programs found effective in randomized controlled trials (RCT's) must firstly be adapted and tested in clinical effectiveness studies as a means of strengthening their evidence base. This paper describes the protocol for an effectiveness-implementation trial that will assess the clinical effectiveness of a highly challenging balance training program (the HiBalance program) for people with mild-moderate Parkinson's disease (PD) while simultaneously collecting data concerning the way in which the program is implemented...
February 7, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167746/randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-an-outpatient-exercise-training-programme-on-haemodynamics-and-cardiac-mr-parameters-of-right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-the-expah-study-protocol
#4
Karen S W Chia, Steven G Faux, Peter K K Wong, Cameron Holloway, Hassan Assareh, Craig S McLachlan, Eugene Kotlyar
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Early stage PH patients are often asymptomatic. Disease progression is associated with impairment of right ventricular function and progressive dyspnoea. Current guidelines recommend exercise training (grade IIa, level B). However, many questions remain regarding the mechanisms of improvement, intensity of supervision and optimal frequency, duration and intensity of exercise...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167311/simulation-training-program-for-midwives-to-manage-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Chiho Kato, Yaeko Kataoka
PURPOSE: To explore the effectiveness of a simulation training program for midwives in performance and knowledge for the management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: The study design was a randomized controlled trial. Midwives working at one obstetrics ward in an urban area were randomly assigned to simulation training program or no training. This "simulation program" included pre study e-learning and simulation. Inclusion criteria were midwives who: 1) had two or three years of clinical experience, 2) worked in an obstetrics ward, and 3) had experience with birth assistance...
January 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161005/surgery-investigators-funded-through-the-national-institutes-of-health-a-rebirth
#6
Yinin Hu, Brandy L Edwards, Kevin Hu, Kendall D Brooks, Craig L Slingluff
BACKGROUND: Funding toward surgical research through the National Institutes of Health has decreased relative to other medical specialties. This study was initiated to characterize features of academically successful surgeon-scientists and departments of surgery. We hypothesized that there may be decreases in young investigators obtaining independent National Institutes of Health awards and that successful academic departments of surgery may be depending increasingly on PhD faculty. METHODS: The National Institutes of Health RePORTER database was queried for grants awarded to departments of surgery during fiscal years 2003 and 2013...
February 1, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157808/improved-clinical-performance-and-teamwork-of-pediatric-interprofessional-resuscitation-teams-with-a-simulation-based-educational-intervention
#7
Elaine Gilfoyle, Deanna A Koot, John C Annear, Farhan Bhanji, Adam Cheng, Jonathan P Duff, Vincent J Grant, Cecilia E St George-Hyslop, Nicole J Delaloye, Afrothite Kotsakis, Carolyn D McCoy, Christa E Ramsay, Matthew J Weiss, Ronald D Gottesman
OBJECTIVES: To measure the effect of a 1-day team training course for pediatric interprofessional resuscitation team members on adherence to Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines, team efficiency, and teamwork in a simulated clinical environment. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective interventional study. SETTING: Four tertiary-care children's hospitals in Canada from June 2011 to January 2015. SUBJECTS: Interprofessional pediatric resuscitation teams including resident physicians, ICU nurse practitioners, registered nurses, and registered respiratory therapists (n = 300; 51 teams)...
February 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156491/integrating-a-palliative-care-longitudinal-track-into-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#8
(no author information available yet)
: 156 Background: Palliative care and Palliative care skills are being instituted in many hospitals and clinics as they have been shown to improve health care outcomes and decrease costs. While health care organizations are adopting these coordinated care programs, finding competent physicians to work effectively in these programs is difficult. METHODS: PIH Health Hospital Whittier Family Medicine Residency Program developed a longitdudinal Palliative Care and Chronic Disease track to generate a transformed workforce of future family physicians that can deliver innovative, empathetic and effective care for seriously ill patients who are at risk due to health disparities, advanced multiple chronic conditions, or frailty...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156488/new-primary-palliative-care-pc-model-for-community-cancer-clinics-ccc
#9
Deborah Gray, Stephanie Struve, Carol Huibregtse, Qiaofang Chen
: 159 Background: Our CCC serving a mixed rural/urban population is part of a large integrated healthcare system in Eastern WI. The closest PC specialist/team is 45 miles away at one of the tertiary care facilities. To fill this service gap we implemented a primary PC model. An initial outpatient palliative care family conference (OFC) and use of cancer nurse navigators (CNN)are hallmarks of this program. METHODS: The VLCC, housed in a standalone facility is staffed by two medical oncologists and one radiation oncologist and has an infusion center and a full-fledged radiation oncology unit with support staff, including cancer nurse navigators, research nurses, social workers, a clinical psychologist, a pharmacist, a nutritionist, a therapy dog and a chaplain...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155320/fragmentation-of-maternal-child-and-hiv-services-a-missed-opportunity-to-provide-comprehensive-care
#10
Lyn J Haskins, Sifiso P Phakathi, Merridy Grant, Ntokozo Mntambo, Aurene Wilford, Christiane M Horwood
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, coverage of services for mothers and babies in the first year of life is suboptimal despite high immunisation coverage over the same time period. Integration of services could improve accessibility of services, uptake of interventions and retention in care. AIM: This study describes provision of services for mothers and babies aged under 1 year. SETTING: Primary healthcare clinics in one rural district in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
December 2, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153743/acceptability-of-virtual-prenatal-visits-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#11
Teresa N Harrison, David A Sacks, Carly Parry, Mayra Macias, Deborah S Ling Grant, Jean M Lawrence
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. Current approaches to GDM management and education are labor intensive and costly. Telemedicine offers a potential solution to reduce the time and cost burden of prenatal care for women with GDM. METHODS: We assessed the acceptability of a telemedicine intervention to transmit patients' weight, blood pressure, and blood glucose measurements from wireless devices to health care providers, and to alternate "virtual office visits" with office-based prenatal visits...
January 30, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153658/first-trimester-alcohol-exposure-alters-placental-perfusion-and-fetal-oxygen-availability-affecting-fetal-growth-and-development-in-a-non-human-primate-model
#12
Jamie O Lo, Matthias C Schabel, Victoria H J Roberts, Xiaojie Wang, Katherine S Lewandowski, Kathleen A Grant, Antonio E Frias, Christopher D Kroenke
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure leads to impaired fetal growth, brain development, and stillbirth. Placental impairment likely contributes to these adverse outcomes, but the mechanisms and specific vasoactive effects of alcohol that links altered placental function to impaired fetal development remain areas of active research. OBJECTIVE: Recently, we developed magnetic resonance imaging techniques in nonhuman primates to characterize placental blood oxygenation through measurements of T2* and perfusion using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149354/investigating-the-effects-of-typical-rowing-strength-training-practices-on-strength-and-power-development-and-2-000-m-rowing-performance
#13
Thomas Ian Gee, Nicholas Caplan, Karl Christian Gibbon, Glyn Howatson, Kevin Grant Thompson
This study aimed to determine the effects of a short-term, strength training intervention, typically undertaken by club-standard rowers, on 2,000 m rowing performance and strength and power development. Twenty-eight male rowers were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. All participants performed baseline testing involving assessments of muscle soreness, creatine kinase activity (CK), maximal voluntary contraction (leg-extensors) (MVC), static-squat jumps (SSJ), counter-movement jumps (CMJ), maximal rowing power strokes (PS) and a 2,000 m rowing ergometer time-trial (2,000 m) with accompanying respiratory-exchange and electromyography (EMG) analysis...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148324/training-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-and-the-american-board-of-thoracic-surgery
#14
Edward L Bove
Congenital heart surgery has evolved into its own specialty requiring unique techniques and skills. Recognizing the need to establish a special certification in congenital heart surgery, the American Board of Thoracic Surgery began the process in 2005, eventually granting the first certifications to qualified applicants in 2009. The American Council for Graduate Medical Education and the Thoracic Surgery Residency Review Committee have now approved specific training programs throughout the United States that will help to ensure the proper training of congenital heart surgeons for the future...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131505/duration-specific-running-intensities-of-australian-football-match-play
#15
Jace A Delaney, Heidi R Thornton, Darren J Burgess, Ben J Dascombe, Grant M Duthie
OBJECTIVES: To establish the position and duration-specific running demands of Australian Football (AF) competition for the prescription and monitoring of specific training drills. DESIGN: An observational time-motion analysis was performed on 40 professional AF players during 30 games throughout the 2014-15 competitive seasons. METHODS: Player movements were collected and peak values were calculated for moving averages of between 1-10min in duration for relative distance (mmin(-1)), high-speed relative distance (HSmmin(-1)), average acceleration/deceleration (ms(2)) and metabolic power (Pmet)...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122608/opportunities-challenges-and-concerns-for-the-implementation-and-uptake-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-assessment-and-exercises-during-the-childbearing-years-protocol-for-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#16
Victoria E Salmon, E Jean C Hay-Smith, Rachel Jarvie, Sarah Dean, Eivor Oborn, Susan E Bayliss, Debra Bick, Clare Davenport, Khaled M Ismail, Christine MacArthur, Mark Pearson
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and childbirth are important risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) are effective for prevention of UI. Guidelines for the management of UI recommend offering pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) to women during their first pregnancy as a preventive strategy. The objective of this review is to understand the relationships between individual, professional, inter-professional and organisational opportunities, challenges and concerns that could be essential to maximise the impact of PFMT during childbearing years and to effect the required behaviour change...
January 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121985/career-satisfaction-and-perceived-salary-competitiveness-among-individuals-who-completed-postdoctoral-research-training-in-cancer-prevention
#17
Jessica M Faupel-Badger, David E Nelson, Grant Izmirlian
Studies examining career satisfaction of biomedical scientists are limited, especially in the context of prior postdoctoral training. Here we focused on career satisfaction defined as satisfaction with one's career trajectory and perceived salary competitiveness among a predominantly Ph.D.-trained population of scientists who completed cancer prevention-related postdoctoral training between 1987-2011. National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program (CPFP) alumni (n = 114), and previous recipients of NCI-sponsored Ruth L...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119122/constructing-a-meta-tracker-using-dropout-to-imitate-the-behavior-of-an-arbitrary-black-box-tracker
#18
Kourosh Meshgi, Shin-Ichi Maeda, Shigeyuki Oba, Shin Ishii
Imitating the behaviors of an arbitrary visual tracking algorithm enables many higher level tasks such as tracker identification and efficient tracker-fusion. It is also useful for discovering the features essential in a black-box tracker or learning from several trackers to form a super-tracker. In this study, we propose a non-linear feature fusion framework, "MIMIC" that imitates many popular trackers by mixing a pool of heterogeneous features. The MIMIC framework consists of two subtasks, feature selection and feature weight tuning...
January 3, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095585/clinical-nursing-leadership-education-in-long-term-care-intervention-design-and-evaluation
#19
Valerie Fiset, Tracy Luciani, Alyssa Hurtubise, Theresa L Grant
The main objective of the current case study was to investigate the perceived leadership learning needs and feasibility of delivering leadership education to registered staff involved in direct care in long-term care (LTC) homes. The study was conducted in Ontario, Canada, and participants included RNs, registered practical nurses, and nursing administrators. Phase 1 bilingual web-based survey and bilingual focus group needs assessment data supported a preference for external training along with in-house mentoring to support sustainability...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095061/methods-of-monitoring-training-load-and-their-relationships-to-changes-in-fitness-and-performance-in-competitive-road-cyclists
#20
Dajo Sanders, Grant Abt, Matthijs K Hesselink, Tony Myers, Ibrahim Akubat
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the dose-response relationships between different training load methods and aerobic fitness and performance in competitive road cyclists. METHOD: Training data from 15 well-trained competitive cyclists were collected during a 10-week (December - March) pre-season training period. Before and after the training period, participants underwent a laboratory incremental exercise test with gas exchange and lactate measures and a performance assessment using an 8-min time trial (8MT)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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