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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451456/clival-meningocele-causing-bilateral-hearing-loss-in-a-child-due-to-superficial-siderosis-of-the-central-nervous-system-case-report
#1
Stephen J Johans, Kevin N Swong, Daniel J Burkett, Michael P Wemhoff, Sean M Lew, Chirag R Patel, Anand V Germanwala
Superficial siderosis (SS) of the CNS is a rare and often unrecognized condition. Caused by hemosiderin deposition from chronic, repetitive hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space, it results in parenchymal damage in the subpial layers of the brain and spinal cord. T2-weighted MRI shows the characteristic hypointensity of hemosiderin deposition, classically occurring around the cerebellum, brainstem, and spinal cord. Patients present with progressive gait ataxia and sensorineural hearing impairment. Although there have been several studies, case reports, and review articles over the years, the clear pathophysiology of subarachnoid space hemorrhage remains to be elucidated...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450198/parvovirus-b19-what-is-the-relevance-in-transfusion-medicine
#2
REVIEW
David Juhl, Holger Hennig
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been discovered in 1975. The association with a disease was unclear in the first time after the discovery of B19V, but meanwhile, the usually droplet transmitted B19V is known as the infectious agent of the "fifth disease," a rather harmless children's illness. But B19V infects erythrocyte progenitor cells and thus, acute B19V infection in patients with a high erythrocyte turnover may lead to a life-threatening aplastic crisis, and acutely infected pregnant women can transmit B19V to their unborn child, resulting in a hydrops fetalis and fetal death...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449296/gp-and-parent-dissonance-about-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-childhood-eczema-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#3
Kingsley Powell, Emma Le Roux, Jonathan Banks, Matthew J Ridd
OBJECTIVES: To compare parents' and clinicians' perspectives on the assessment and treatment of children with eczema in primary care. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study with purposive and snowball sampling and thematic analysis. SETTING: 14 general practices in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 11 parents of children with eczema and 15 general practitioners (GPs) took part in semistructured individual interviews. RESULTS: We identified several areas of dissonance between parents and GPs...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449135/effects-of-before-school-physical-activity-on-obesity-prevention-and-wellness
#4
Rachel C Whooten, Meghan E Perkins, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The effects of Build Our Kids Success-a 12-week, 1-hour before-school physical activity program-on BMI and social-emotional wellness among kindergarten to eighth grade students was examined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a nonrandomized trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 24 schools in Massachusetts; there were 707 children from kindergarten to eighth grade. INTERVENTION: Children registered for Build Our Kids Success in 2015-2016 participated in a 2 days/week or 3 days/week program...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448186/cognitive-development-in-children-of-adolescent-mothers-the-impact-of-socioeconomic-risk-and-maternal-sensitivity
#5
Christine Firk, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Wolfgang Scharke, Brigitte Dahmen
BACKGROUND: Adolescent motherhood is accompanied by a constellation of risk factors that translate into developmental risk for the off-spring. Socioeconomic risk that is associated with adolescent motherhood as well as maternal interactive behaviors may contribute to the impact of adolescent motherhood on children's developmental outcome. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate differences in children's cognitive development between children of adolescent and adult mothers in their first two years of life and to examine whether socioeconomic risk (e...
February 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447882/acute-external-otitis-as-debut-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Joachim Slengerik-Hansen, Therese Ovesen
Acute leukemia is a well known childhood cancer. The relation between leukemia and otological symptoms has long been established but is highly rare as a debut symptom of leukemia. External otitis is a common condition affecting many children, and most cases are successively treated with topical medicine. Here we present a child with acute external otitis later shown to be the debut symptom of acute myeloid leukemia, to our knowledge the first specific case described. We have reviewed the literature to find red flags for suspicion of severe disease in case of acute external otitis...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447619/autism-spectrum-disorder-traits-in-typically-developing-emerging-adults-and-associated-parenting-a-person-centered-approach
#7
Cliff McKinney, Daniel L Gadke, Mallory L Malkin
Research on parenting children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) indicates these children receive parenting tailored to their condition. However, little is known about ASD in adulthood, especially in emerging adults at college, and how they are parented. The current study examined how emerging adults in a non-clinical typically-developing sample differed in their current perceptions of parenting as a function of ASD traits. Participants completed questionnaires about their current perceptions of parenting and self-reported ASD traits...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447056/investigating-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scale-rcads-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-irish-adolescents
#8
Alanna Donnelly, Amanda Fitzgerald, Mark Shevlin, Barbara Dooley
BACKGROUND: The psychometric properties of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) have been established cross-culturally, yet psychometric evidence is lacking for an English-speaking European population. AIM: This research sought to further cross-validate the measure in a non-clinical Irish adolescent sample, and to test for gender and age-based differential item functioning in depression and anxiety. METHOD: Participants were Irish second-level school students (N = 345; 164 male; 12-18 years, M =14...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446790/assisted-heterologous-fertilization-and-the-right-of-donorconceived-children-to-know-their-biological-origins
#9
S Zaami
The paper's main goal is to elaborate on the ethical issues that heterologous fertilization has raised as to the right of children thus conceived to find out about their origins. Such a quandary revolves around the following questions: Is it the right thing to inform the child as to the way he or she was conceived? If it is, does said child have a right to know his or her biological parent and genetic background too? Authors point out that there is no unanimity of judgment among experts, and it is worth weighing all reasons in favor and against acknowledging the children's right to full knowledge of their biological parents' data...
January 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445981/the-impact-of-food-insecurity-on-the-home-emotional-environment-among-low-income-mothers-of-young-children
#10
Monique Gill, Maria Koleilat, Shannon E Whaley
Objectives Household stressors, such as food insecurity, contribute to the home emotional environment and negatively affect child development. Little research on this topic has been conducted among very young children. This study aimed to examine the relationship between food insecurity and the home emotional environment, as well the extent to which the relationship may be mediated by maternal symptoms of depression. Frequency of praise, affection, and discipline of young children by mothers were examined as markers of the home emotional environment...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444962/multiple-anomalies-in-the-origin-and-course-of-vertebral-arteries-and-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-in-a-child-with-moyamoya-syndrome
#11
Pınar Beyaz, Nadia Khan, Gerasimos Baltsavias
Here we report, for the first time, a combination of five-vessel aortic arch, anomalous origin of the right vertebral artery (VA) from the common carotid artery (CCA), an aberrant right subclavian artery (SCA), and bilateral symmetrical segmental agenesis of VAs.In this case report, we present a patient with moyamoya syndrome (MMS) and Down syndrome (DS) who has bilateral symmetrical segmental agenesis of VAs, left VA originating from aortic arch and anomalous origin of right VA arising from CCA in combination with an aberrant right SCA...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444721/psychological-treatments-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-low-resource-government-health-systems-effectiveness-of-group-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-caregivers-of-children-affected-by-nodding-syndrome-in-uganda
#12
Byamah B Mutamba, Jeremy C Kane, Joop T V M de Jong, James Okello, Seggane Musisi, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing evidence for the benefits of psychological treatments (PTs) in low- and middle-income countries, few national health systems have adopted PTs as standard care. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a group interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-G) intervention, when delivered by lay community health workers (LCHWs) in a low-resource government health system in Uganda. The intended outcome was reduction of depression among caregivers of children with nodding syndrome, a neuropsychiatric condition with high morbidity, mortality and social stigma...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443933/mental-health-interventions-for-parent-carers-of-children-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-practice-guidelines-from-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-cis-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Denise Catalano, Linda Holloway, Elias Mpofu
Parent carers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often report increased levels of stress, depression, and anxiety. Unmet parent carer mental health needs pose a significant risk to the psychological, physical, and social well-being of the parents of the child affected by ASD and jeopardize the adaptive functioning of the family as well as the potential of the child affected by ASD. This systematic review identifies key qualities of interventions supporting the mental health of parent carers and proposes practitioner-parent carer support guidelines...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443561/building-bridges-to-a-brighter-tomorrow-a-systematic-evidence-review-of-interventions-that-prepare-adolescents-for-adulthood
#14
Barri B Burrus, Kathleen Krieger, Regina Rutledge, Alexander Rabre, Sarah Axelson, Audra Miller, LeBretia White, Christine Jackson
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard. OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. SEARCH METHODS: Using a systematic review methodology, we conducted an initial assessment of intervention evaluations targeting 6 adulthood preparation subject (APS) areas to assess the quality and character of the evidence base...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442549/age-at-exposure-to-parental-suicide-and-the-subsequent-risk-of-suicide-in%C3%A2-young-people
#15
Kuan-Ying Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Kun-Chia Chang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Ying-Yeh Chen
BACKGROUND: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. METHOD: Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan's Birth Registry (1978-1997) with Taiwan's Death Registry (1985-2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), paternal suicide (n = 26,887), or the suicide of both parents (n = 281)...
January 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440852/rare-variant-of-ankyloblepharon-ectodermal-defect-cleft-lip-cleft-palate-syndrome-curly-hair-ankyloblepharon-nail-disease-syndrome
#16
Ajay Chopra, Debdeep Mitra, Renu Kandpal, Reetu Agarwal
Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defect-cleft lip/cleft palate (AEC) syndrome is one of the variants of ectodermal dysplasia. It is an autosomal dominant disorder comprising of ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft palate or cleft lip. In 1976, it wasfirst described by Hay and Wells, therefore also known as Hay-Wells syndrome. The characteristic feature of this syndrome is "ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum", which refers to the partial thickness fusion of the eyelid margins. The "curly hair-ankyloblepharon-nail disease (CHAND) syndrome" is a clinical variant of AEC syndrome...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440801/a-retrospective-study-of-end-of-life-care-decisions-in-the-critically-ill-in-a-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#17
Yi Lin Lee, Yee Yian Ong, Sze Ying Thong, Shin Yi Ng
Aim: Progress in medical care and technology has led to patients with more advanced illnesses being admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The practice of approaching end-of-life (EOL) care decisions and limiting care is well documented in Western literature but unknown in Singapore. We performed a retrospective cohort study to describe the practice of EOL care in patients dying in a Singapore surgical ICU (SICU). The surgical critical care population was chosen as it is unique because surgeons are frequently involved in the EOL process...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439704/novel-patterns-of-physical-activity-in-a-large-sample-of-preschool-aged-children
#18
Rachel M Ruiz, Evan C Sommer, Dustin Tracy, Jorge A Banda, Christina D Economos, Megan M JaKa, Kelly R Evenson, Maciej S Buchowski, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), shown to be associated with health benefits, is not well-characterized in preschool-aged children. MVPA is commonly described as a threshold amount to achieve. We examined a novel way to characterize MVPA patterns in preschool-aged children by gender and age. METHODS: Preschool-aged children from Nashville, TN and Minneapolis, MN wore triaxial accelerometers. Four distinct MVPA patterns were identified: isolated spurt (IS), isolated sustained activity (ISA), clustered spurt (CS), and clustered sustained activity (CSA)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439263/what-we-do-and-do-not-know-about-women-and-kidney-diseases-questions-unanswered-and-answers-unquestioned-reflection-on-world-kidney-day-and-international-women-s-day
#19
Giorgina B Piccoli, Mona Alrukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, Elena Zakharova, Adeera Levin
Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically their kidney health, on the community and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
February 13, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439064/interventions-that-enhance-health-services-for-parents-and-infants-to-improve-child-development-and-social-and-emotional-well-being-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
Lisa Hurt, Shantini Paranjothy, Patricia Jane Lucas, Debbie Watson, Mala Mann, Lucy J Griffiths, Samuel Ginja, Tapio Paljarvi, Jo Williams, Mark A Bellis, Raghu Lingam
BACKGROUND: Experiences in the first 1000 days of life have a critical influence on child development and health. Health services that provide support for families need evidence about how best to improve their provision. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the evidence for interventions in high-income countries to improve child development by enhancing health service contact with parents from the antenatal period to 24 months postpartum. We searched 15 databases and trial registers for studies published in any language between 01 January 1996 and 01 April 2016...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
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