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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679623/hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-and-its-implications-for-a-woman-s-future-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#1
REVIEW
Ravi Retnakaran
It is well established that gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) identifies a population of women who are at risk of ultimately developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) later in life. Moreover, this relationship extends across the full spectrum of hyperglycemia in pregnancy, with lesser degrees of gestational dysglycemia identifying a proportionate gradient of future risk of T2DM. Importantly, a growing body of evidence suggests that an analogous relationship exists between hyperglycemia in pregnancy and a woman's long-term risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678804/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-treatment-with-telephone-support-for-postpartum-women-with-anxiety-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Miriam T Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane Rw Fisher, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety can have adverse effects on the mother and child if left untreated. Time constraints and stigma are common barriers to postpartum treatment. Web-based treatments offer potential flexibility and anonymity. What Am I Worried About (WaWa) is a self-guided treatment based on cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness principles for women experiencing postpartum anxiety. WaWa was developed in Australia and consists of 9 modules with optional weekly telephone support...
April 20, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678184/perceptions-on-male-involvement-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-masasi-district-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#3
Stephen Oswald Maluka, Apollonia Kasege Peneza
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts to promote male involvement in maternal and child health, studies in low and middle income countries have reported that male participation is still low. While factors that hinder male partners from participating in maternal and child healthcare are well documented, there is dearth of studies on local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and delivery care. The main objective of this study was to explore local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth in Tanzania...
April 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677412/gunderkids-design-of-a-clinical-care-management-program-for-parents-with-substance-abuse-and-their-newborn-children-with-a-focus-on-preventing-child-abuse
#4
Ann E Budzak-Garza, Allison L Allmon Dixson, Renee A Holzer, Kaitlin E Lillard-Pierce, Carolynn J Devine
BACKGROUND: In response to an increased need to care for babies born to mothers with substance abuse issues, we developed GunderKids, a care management program that provides integrated medical care beyond standard-of-care, well-child appointments for these socially complex families. METHODS: The program incorporates frequent visits to the pediatrician and the care team, which includes pediatric nurses, a pediatric social worker, and a child psychologist. Enrollment is voluntary...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676349/partial-corpus-callosal-agenesis-with-ventriculomegaly-and-sulcal-anomaly-in-a-10-year-old-child
#5
Austine Abebe Osawe, Saleh M Kabir, Anas Ismail
Agenesis of the corpus callosum is a heterogeneous, congenital neurodevelopmental condition that can be observed either in isolation or in combination with other brain abnormalities. Patients often present early with characteristic neurologic and physical manifestations. This case discusses a 10-year-old boy who presented to a tertiary health facility in Northern Nigeria with 6-month history of seizure disorder, cognitive impairment and urinary incontinence and had classical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings consistent with partial corpus callosum agenesis in combination with other brain abnormalities...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676310/comparative-analysis-of-non-absorbable-10-0-nylon-sutures-with-absorbable-10-0-vicryl-sutures-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#6
Jyoti Matalia, Pratibha Panmand, Pooja Ghalla
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to compare the efficiency as well as the rate and type of suture-related complications between 10-0 monofilament nylon (Aurolab Nylon Sutures, double arm, Aurolab) and 10-0 polyglactin 910 sutures (Vicryl, single arm, Aurolab) for pediatric cataract surgery. Methods: It is a prospective, comparative study performed in children who underwent surgery for congenital or developmental cataract from March 2013 to February 2016. Patients underwent suturing with either nylon or Vicryl in unilateral cases, but in most bilateral surgeries, one eye received Vicryl sutures while the other eye received nylon...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675757/fetal-methotrexate-syndrome-and-antley-bixler-syndrome-should-not-be-confused
#7
REVIEW
C Richards, Christine M Hall, D Johnson, Amaka C Offiah
Exposure to methotrexate in utero can result in fetal methotrexate syndrome - a condition characterised by prenatal-onset growth retardation, craniosynostosis, dysmorphic facies and multiple limb abnormalities. A literature review was prompted by the findings in a girl who is presented here with full consent from her guardian. She is the third child of unrelated parents and was 4 years old at the time of this report. Her mother took 15 mg methotrexate on two occasions during early pregnancy for juvenile idiopathic arthritis, unaware that she was pregnant...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#8
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674985/dog-owner-attachment-is-associated-with-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-both-parties-a-comparative-study-on-austrian-and-hungarian-border-collies
#9
Krisztina Kovács, Zsófia Virányi, Anna Kis, Borbála Turcsán, Ágnes Hudecz, Maria T Marmota, Dóra Koller, Zsolt Rónai, Márta Gácsi, József Topál
Variations in human infants' attachment behavior are associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, suggesting a genetic component to infant-mother attachment. However, due to the genetic relatedness of infants and their mothers, it is difficult to separate the genetic effects of infants' OXTR genotype from the environmental effects of mothers' genotype possibly affecting their parental behavior. The apparent functional analogy between child-parent and dog-owner relationship, however, offers a way to disentangle the effects of these factors because pet dogs are not genetically related to their caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674310/the-interactive-child-distress-screener-development-and-preliminary-feasibility-testing
#10
Sonja March, Jamin Day, Kirsty Zieschank, Michael Ireland
BACKGROUND: Early identification of child emotional and behavioral concerns is essential for the prevention of mental health problems; however, few suitable child-reported screening measures are available. Digital tools offer an exciting opportunity for obtaining clinical information from the child's perspective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the initial development and pilot testing of the Interactive Child Distress Screener (ICDS). The ICDS is a Web-based screening instrument for the early identification of emotional and behavioral problems in children aged between 5 and 12 years...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674224/the-young-adult-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-in-routine-clinical-practice
#11
Peter Brann, Melissa J Lethbridge, Helen Mildred
Expansion of the youth mental health sector has exposed a need for an outcome measure for young adults accessing services. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a widely used consumer and carer outcome measure for children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a young adult SDQ. The young adult SDQ was introduced for routine clinical practice at Eastern Health Child and Youth Mental Health Service (EH-CYMHS), complementing the well-established adolescent and child versions...
March 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673570/pregnancy-and-parental-leave-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-of-program-directors
#12
Eduardo Hariton, Benjamin Matthews, Abigail Burns, Chitra Akileswaran, Lori R Berkowitz
INTRODUCTION: The health and economic benefits of paid parental leave have been well documented. In 2016, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) released a policy statement on recommended parental leave for trainees, yet, data on adoption of said guidelines is nonexistent and published data on parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn is outdated. The objective of our study is to understand existing parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn training programs and to evaluate program director opinions on these policies and on parenting in residency...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673560/using-biological-factors-to-individualize-interventions-for-youth-with-conduct-problems-current-state-and-ethical-issues
#13
Andrea L Glenn
A growing body of evidence suggests that biological factors such as genes, hormone levels, brain structure, and brain functioning influence the development and trajectory of conduct problems in youth. In addition, biological factors affect how individuals respond to the environment, including how individuals respond to programs designed to prevent or treat conduct problems. Programs designed to reduce behavior problems in youth would have the greatest impact if they were targeted toward youth who need it the most (e...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673391/parenting-resilient-kids-park-an-online-parenting-program-to-prevent-anxiety-and-depression-problems-in-primary-school-aged-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Luwishennadige Madhawee N Fernando, Wan Hua Sim, Anthony F Jorm, Ron Rapee, Katherine A Lawrence, Marie B H Yap
BACKGROUND: Preventive efforts targeting childhood anxiety and depression symptoms have the potential to alter the developmental trajectory of depression and anxiety disorders across the lifespan. Substantial previous research suggests that modifiable parenting factors such as parental aversiveness and over-involvement are associated with childhood anxiety, depressive and internalising symptoms, indicating that parents can play a critical role in prevention. The Parenting Resilient Kids study is a new evidence-based online parenting program designed to prevent anxiety and depression problems in primary school-aged children by reducing family-based risk factors and enhancing protective factors through increased positive interactions between parent and child...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672758/explaining-the-gender-gap-in-sickness-absence
#15
K A Østby, A Mykletun, W Nilsen
Background: In many western countries, women have a much higher rate of sickness absence than men. To what degree the gender differences in sickness absence are caused by gender differences in health is largely unknown. Aims: To assess to what degree the gender gap in sickness absence can be explained by health factors and work- and family-related stressors. Methods: Norwegian parents participating in the Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study were asked about sickness absence and a range of factors possibly contributing to gender differences in sickness absence, including somatic and mental health, sleep problems, job control/demands, work-home conflicts, parent-child conflicts and stressful life events...
April 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672232/a-multimethodological-study-of-preschoolers-preferences-for-aggressive-television-and-video-games
#16
Matthew R Jamnik, Lisabeth F DiLalla
The association between aggressive media and related behavior is complicated, and the role of underlying genetics has not been adequately explored. A better understanding of the role of genetics on the relationship between aggressive media and behavior, especially in young children, is critical. Using a twin/triplets sample (N = 184 children), the authors investigated the association between preschoolers' preferred media choices and their aggressive behaviors. A multimeasure methodology was utilized, examining children's reports of their preferred media games and shows, observed child negativity and aggression in the lab, and parent reports of their own and their children's aggressive behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671836/children-s-experience-of-symptoms-narratives-through-words-and-images
#17
REVIEW
Barbara M Sourkes
Children who live with a complex chronic or life-threatening illness face extraordinary challenges. Whether they are receiving disease-oriented treatment (aimed at potential cure or prolongation of life) or palliative treatment-or both concurrently-our challenge is to enhance their comfort and minimize their distress. Symptom management is thus a critical component of pediatric palliative care. Symptoms may be either physical or psychological in nature (or a confluence of both) and their effective management has a direct impact on the child's quality of life...
April 19, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671815/factors-influencing-parental-engagement-in-an-early-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-implemented-at-scale-the-infant-program
#18
Penelope Love, Rachel Laws, Eloise Litterbach, Karen J Campbell
The ‘early years’ is a crucial period for the prevention of childhood obesity. Health services are well placed to deliver preventive programs to families, however, they usually rely on voluntary attendance, which is challenging given low parental engagement. This study explored factors influencing engagement in the Infant Program : a group-based obesity prevention program facilitated by maternal and child health nurses within first-time parent groups. Six 1.5 h sessions were delivered at three-month intervals when the infants were 3⁻18 months...
April 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671639/lifelong-parenting-of-adults-with-developmental-disabilities-growth-trends-over-20-years-in-midlife-and-later-life
#19
Eun Ha Namkung, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick, Frank J Floyd
This research examined how parenting adults with developmental disabilities affects parental well-being beyond midlife and into old age. Parents of adults with developmental disabilities ( n = 249) and parents of adults without disabilities ( n = 9,016), studied in their early 50s and mid-60s, were longitudinally tracked into their early 70s. Compared to parents of adults without disabilities, parents of adults with disabilities showed a pattern of normative functioning in their 50s, followed by poorer well-being in their mid-60s, and further declines in health and well-being into the early 70s...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671635/mental-health-and-well-being-in-mothers-of-children-with-rare-genetic-syndromes-showing-chronic-challenging-behavior-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study
#20
Dawn Adams, Samantha Clarke, Gemma Griffith, Pat Howlin, Jo Moss, Jane Petty, Penny Tunnicliffe, Chris Oliver
It is well documented that mothers of children with challenging behavior (CB) experience elevated levels of stress and that this persists over time, but less is known about the experience of mothers of children with rare genetic syndromes. This article describes 2 studies, 1 cross-sectional and 1 longitudinal, comparing well-being in mothers of children with Angelman, Cornelia de Lange and Cri du Chat syndrome who have either shown chronic CB ( n = 18) or low/no CB ( n = 26) in the preceding 7 years. The presence of chronic, long-term CB increased maternal stress but not depression or anxiety, and did not influence positive well-being...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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