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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239459/effects-of-individual-household-and-community-characteristics-on-child-nutritional-status-in-the-slums-of-urban-bangladesh
#1
Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Shams El Arifeen, Md Abdullah Al-Mamun, Shusmita H Khan, Nitai Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh urban population is expected to overtake rural population by 2040, and a significant part of the increase will be in slums. Wide disparities between urban slums and the rest of the country can potentially push country indicators off track unless the specific health and nutrition needs of the expanding slum communities are addressed. The study aims at describing the individual, household and community determinants of undernutrition status among children living in major urban strata, viz...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239228/doing-gender-online-new-mothers-psychological-characteristics-facebook-use-and-depressive-symptoms
#2
Sarah J Schoppe-Sullivan, Jill E Yavorsky, Mitchell K Bartholomew, Jason M Sullivan, Meghan A Lee, Claire M Kamp Dush, Michael Glassman
Online social networking sites, such as Facebook, have provided a new platform for individuals to produce and reproduce gender through social interactions. New mothers, in particular, may use Facebook to practice behaviors that align with their mothering identity and meet broader societal expectations, or in other words, to "do motherhood." Given that Facebook use may undermine well-being, it is important to understand the individual differences underlying new mothers' experiences with Facebook during the stressful first months of parenthood...
March 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239192/clarifying-the-association-between-mother-father-relationship-aggression-and-parenting
#3
Kei Nomaguchi, Wendi L Johnson, Mallory D Minter, Lindsey Aldrich
Although much research examines the association between fathers' relationship aggression and mothers' parenting, little attention is given to mothers' aggression, mutual aggression, or fathers' parenting. Using a sample of coresiding couples from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 973), the authors examine the association between mothers' and fathers' relationship aggression, measured as frequency and perpetration-victimization types (mutual, mother-only, father-only), and mothers' and fathers' parenting...
February 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238355/prevalence-contexts-and-correlates-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-cyprus
#4
Eleni Karayianni, Kostas A Fanti, Irene-Anna Diakidoy, Maria-Zoe Hadjicharalambous, Evita Katsimicha
It is well documented that child sexual abuse (CSA) may be one of the major public health problems in the world, especially due to the co-occurrence with other types of abuse and negative developmental outcomes. The aim of the current study was the comprehensive examination of CSA with respect to its prevalence, its contexts of occurrence and its correlates. The sample included 1852 adolescents and young adults (15-25 years old; 441 males), recruited through schools, universities and other youth organizations across Cyprus...
February 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237960/feasibility-and-effect-of-home-based-therapy-programmes-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#5
L W M E Beckers, M L A P Schnackers, Y J Janssen-Potten, J Kleijnen, B Steenbergen
INTRODUCTION: Given the promising advantages of upper extremity home-based programmes in children with cerebral palsy (CP), a systematic review of the available literature on this topic is warranted. The purpose of the systematic review described in this protocol is to investigate currently available home-based occupational therapy and physiotherapy programmes regarding both their feasibility and effect. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol describes a systematic review, developed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237005/pediatric-epilepsy-neurology-functional-imaging-and-neurosurgery
#6
REVIEW
James M Mountz, Christina M Patterson, Mandeep S Tamber
In this chapter we provide a comprehensive review of the current role that functional imaging can have in the care of the pediatric epilepsy patient from the perspective of the epilepsy neurologist and the epilepsy neurosurgeon. In the neurology section, the diagnosis and classification of epilepsy adapted by the International League Against Epilepsy as well as the etiology and incidence of the disease is presented. The neuroimaging section describes how advanced nuclear medicine imaging methods can be synergized to provide a maximum opportunity to localize an epileptogenic focus...
March 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236160/asd-traits-among-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#7
Donna L Griffiths, Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters, Susan W White
Research has shown high rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among samples of youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (Farrell et al., Psychiatry Res 199(2):115-123, 2012; Lewin et al., Psychiatry Res 178(2):317-322, 2010; POTS Team, J Am Med Assoc 292(16):1969-1976, 2004). Autism and autistic traits co-occur at high rates within clinical samples of youth with OCD (Ivarsson and Melin in J Anxiety Disord 22(6):969-978, 2008; Stewart et al. in Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 1-9, 2016). This study extends the literature by examining the relationship between ASD traits, family accommodation, and functional impairment in a sample of youth with OCD across a wide age range (n = 80; aged 7-17 years)...
February 24, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236100/brief-report-what-drives-parental-concerns-about-their-18-month-olds-at-familial-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Elizabeth A Karp, Lisa V Ibañez, Zachary Warren, Wendy L Stone
Parent-reported developmental concerns can be a first step toward further screening and intervention for children at risk for ASD. However, little is known about the extent to which parental well-being and child behavior contribute to parental concerns, especially in families who already have one child with ASD. This study included 54 parents and their 18-month-old high-risk toddlers to examine the extent to which parents' well-being (i.e., parenting stress and self-efficacy), and children's behavior (i.e., expressive language and social communication) contribute to parents' concerns regarding their toddler's development...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231614/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-coping-strategies-in-mothers-and-fathers-following-infant-hospitalization-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#9
Anna Aftyka, Beata Rybojad, Wojciech Rosa, Aleksandra Wróbel, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
OBJECTIVE: The development of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) has increased the survival rate of infants. However, one of the major parental problems is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to identify the potential risk factors for the development of PTSD in mothers and fathers following infant hospitalization in the NICU. DESIGN: An observational study covered 125 parents (72 mothers and 53 fathers) of infants aged three to 12 months who were hospitalized in the NICU during the neonatal period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230293/influence-of-complex-childhood-diseases-on-variation-in-growth-and-skeletal-development
#10
REVIEW
Babette S Zemel
The study of human growth and skeletal development by human biologists is framed by the larger theoretical concerns regarding the underpinnings of population variation and human evolution. This unique perspective is directly relevant to the assessment of child health and well-being at the individual and group level, as well as the construction of growth charts. Environmental, behavioral (nutrition and physical activity), and disease-related factors can prevent attainment of full genetic potential for growth...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229945/patients-appropriateness-acceptability-usability-and-preferences-for-pharmaceutical-preparations-results-from-a-literature-review-on-clinical-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Nélio Drumond, Diana A van Riet-Nales, Fatma Karapinar-Çarkit, Sven Stegemann
Patients play an important role in achieving the desired therapeutic outcomes, as they are frequently responsible for their own medication management. To facilitate drug administration and overcome medication issues, the patients' needs and preferences should be considered in the pharmaceutical drug product design. With the aim to evaluate the current state of evidence for patient appropriateness, acceptability, usability and preference for aspects of this design, a literature search was performed. Comparative clinical studies that assessed such endpoints for different patient populations were included and summarized descriptively...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229455/maternal-perinatal-and-concurrent-depressive-symptoms-and-child-behavior-problems-a-sibling-comparison-study
#12
Line C Gjerde, Espen Moen Eilertsen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Tom A McAdams, Henrik Daae Zachrisson, Imac Maria Zambrana, Espen Røysamb, Kenneth S Kendler, Eivind Ystrom
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found significant associations between maternal prenatal and postpartum depression and child behavior problems (CBP). The present study investigates whether associations remain in a prospective, longitudinal design adjusted for familial confounding. METHODS: The sample comprised 11,599 families including 17,830 siblings from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study. Mothers reported depressive symptoms at gestational weeks 17 and 30, as well as 6 months, 1...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227481/identi-wheez-a-device-for-in-home-diagnosis-of-asthma
#13
Guy Satat, Krithika Ramchander, Ramesh Raskar, Guy Satat, Krithika Ramchander, Ramesh Raskar, Guy Satat, Ramesh Raskar, Krithika Ramchander
Asthma is the most common chronic illness among children. The skills required to diagnose it make it an even greater concern. In this work, we present a child-friendly wearable device, which allows in-home diagnosis of asthma. The device acquires simultaneous measurements from multiple stethoscopes. The recordings are then sent to a specialist who uses assistive diagnosis algorithms that enable auscultation (listening to lung sounds with a stethoscope) at any location in the lungs volume by sound refocusing...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227153/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#14
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Janine Kesterson, Bala Natarajan, David Thompson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Kim Fowler, Jack Xin, Punit Prakash, Charles Carlson, Wayne Piersel
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225747/effect-of-methylphenidate-on-emotional-dysregulation-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder
#15
Ayse Kutlu, Ulku Akyol Ardic, Eyup Sabri Ercan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a frequent feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It can be observed as a dysregulation profile or a deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) profile. Oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) comorbidity is prevalent in ADHD and known to be related with ED. The first-line treatment of ADHD includes psychostimulants, but their effects on ED are not well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of methylphenidate (MPH) treatment on ED in ADHD + ODD/CD cases...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224880/child-depression-prevalence-and-comparison-between-self-reports-and-teacher-reports
#16
Joana Jaureguizar, Elena Bernaras, Maite Garaigordobil
Depression is one of the most worrying diseases nowadays. The study had three main purposes: 1) to identify the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in 7-10 year olds, exploring differences according to gender and age; 2) to analyze the consistency between self-reports and teacher reports; and 3) to explore the relationship between depression and academic performance. Regarding the methodology, the sample comprised 420 students aged between 7 and 10 years from the Basque Country (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls)...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224766/thromboelastographic-evaluation-of-coagulation-in-patients-with-liver-disease
#17
Kyung Hwa Shin, In Suk Kim, Hyun Ji Lee, Hyung Hoi Kim, Chulhun L Chang, Young Mi Hong, Ki Tae Yoon, Mong Cho
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the parameters of thromboelastography (TEG) for evaluating coagulopathy and to reveal an association with disease severity and/or transfusion requirement in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) in a clinical laboratory setting. METHODS: We enrolled two groups of adult patients with cirrhotic (N=123) and non-cirrhotic liver disease (N=52), as well as 84 healthy controls. Reaction time (R), kinetic time (K), α-angle (α), maximal amplitude (MA), and coagulation index (CI) were measured with kaolin-activated citrated blood with the TEG 5000 system (Haemonetics Corporation, USA)...
May 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#18
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222080/patient-inspired-research-a-better-way-to-go
#19
(no author information available yet)
Recently, I attended a meeting of the Oncofertility Consortium and had one of those "a-ha" moments that change one's perspective in a very real way. A surgeon from Sweden was talking about uterus transplantations, and she described how these came about. She told a story about one of her colleagues, who was talking to a young woman who had cervical cancer and had a hysterectomy. The patient asked the physician if they could give her a "new" uterus so that one day she could have a biological child. The physician told her that was not possible and the patient responded, "Why not?" That prompted the physician to start a new field of research, uterine transplantation, that has had some early successes, as well as many failures...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221267/health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-predictors-among-transfusion-dependent-thalassemia-patients
#20
Gulen Tuysuz, Funda Tayfun
PURPOSE: With regular blood transfusions and modern medical management strategies, transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT) patients are currently living into adulthood, but they still suffer from the chronicity of the disease and its complications. This study was aimed to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores in pediatric TDT patients compared with healthy controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales were administered to 80 pediatric TDT patients (aged 5 to 18 y, child self-report) and their parents (parent-proxy report), as well as age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls (80 participants and their parents)...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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