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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054484/mental-health-and-well-being-among-type-1-diabetes-caregivers-in-india-evidence-from-the-idream-study
#1
Benjamin D Capistrant, Greta Friedemann-Sánchez, Lindsey K Novak, Caroline Zuijdwijk, Graham D Ogle, Sharad Pendsey
AIMS: Although more than half of the world's children with T1D live in developing countries, still little is known about how caregiving for children with T1D affects the parent/caregivers' health in low- and middle-income country settings. METHODS: Caregivers of 178 children with T1D from a specialized diabetes clinic in Maharashtra, India were surveyed. Ordered and standard logistic regression models adjusted for caregiver, household and child characteristics, were fit to estimate the association of caregiving burden (objective caregiving burden and subjective caregiving burden (Zarit Burden Inventory - tertiles)) with caregiver depression (Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9]) and well-being (CDC Unhealthy Days) outcomes...
October 17, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#2
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053612/in-search-of-consistent-predictors-of-children-s-physical-activity
#3
Keren Best, Kylie Ball, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Rebecca Stanley, James Dollman
Physical activity is pivotal for children's health and well-being, yet participation declines across teenage years. Efforts to increase physical activity need to be strengthened to combat this, however, evidence for the design and planning of physical activity promotion in children is lacking. The aim was to identify predictors of physical activity that were relatively consistent across three different measures of physical activity, in pre- and early adolescent South Australians. This is the first study to compare correlates of physical activity across three measures of physical activity in a single sample, in this age group...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052532/stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-sbrt-for-definitive-treatment-and-as-a-bridge-to-liver-transplantation-in-early-stage-inoperable-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Assaf Moore, Michal Cohen-Naftaly, Anna Tobar, Yulia Kundel, Ofer Benjaminov, Marius Braun, Assaf Issachar, Eytan Mor, Michal Sarfaty, Dimitri Bragilovski, Ran Ben Hur, Noa Gordon, Salomon M Stemmer, Aaron M Allen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is an emerging modality for definitive treatment of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all early stage HCC patients who were not candidates for primary resection and/or local therapy, treated with SBRT between 11/2011 and 1/2016. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients were included. The median age was 62 years; 70% males; 30% females; 70% viral hepatitis carriers; 100% cirrhotic; 13 Child Pugh [CP]-A and 10 [CP]-B...
October 19, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052046/headache-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#5
A Negro, Z Delaruelle, T A Ivanova, S Khan, R Ornello, B Raffaelli, A Terrin, U Reuter, D D Mitsikostas
This systematic review summarizes the existing data on headache and pregnancy with a scope on clinical headache phenotypes, treatment of headaches in pregnancy and effects of headache medications on the child during pregnancy and breastfeeding, headache related complications, and diagnostics of headache in pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy can be both primary and secondary, and in the last case can be a symptom of a life-threatening condition. The most common secondary headaches are stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumor, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, preeclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051783/a-case-of-pulmonary-carcinoid-in-pregnancy-and-review-of-carcinoid-tumours-in-pregnancy
#6
D Kevat, M Chen, D Wyld, N Fagermo, K Lust
Carcinoid tumours are rare slow growing tumours which arise from primitive neuroendocrine cells. The effect of the pregnant state on carcinoid tumours and vice versa remains unclear, as does the optimal management of carcinoid tumours during the pregnancy including labour. We report the rare case of a 36 year old primigravida woman with large bilateral pulmonary carcinoid tumours. The patient's disease was minimally symptomatic with no clinical suspicion of carcinoid syndrome. Under close observation, the pregnancy progressed well and the patient proceeded to a spontaneous vaginal delivery of a healthy child...
September 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049846/successful-management-of-transfusion-dependent-congenital-dyserythropoietic-anemia-type-1b-with-interferon-alfa-2a
#7
Mathias Rathe, Michael Boe Møller, Pernille Wied Greisen, Niels Fisker
The congenital dyserythropoietic anemias (CDAs) are a group of rare inherited blood disorders characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis as the principal cause of anemia. We present a child with CDA 1b-the rarest and least well-described type-due to a mutation in the C15orf41 gene. The patient presented with severe in utero and neonatal manifestations, typical peripheral limb anomalies as well as rarely reported cardiac manifestations, visual impairment, short stature, and hip dysplasia. Anemia was complicated by iron overload and pronounced extra medullary erythropoiesis leading to skull deformities...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049277/update-interim-guidance-for-the-diagnosis-evaluation-and-management-of-infants-with-possible-congenital-zika-virus-infection-united-states-october-2017
#8
Tolulope Adebanjo, Shana Godfred-Cato, Laura Viens, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples, Wendi Kuhnert-Tallman, Henry Walke, Titilope Oduyebo, Kara Polen, Georgina Peacock, Dana Meaney-Delman, Margaret A Honein, Sonja A Rasmussen, Cynthia A Moore
CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for infants with possible congenital Zika virus infection (1) in response to recently published updated guidance for health care providers caring for pregnant women with possible Zika virus exposure (2), unknown sensitivity and specificity of currently available diagnostic tests for congenital Zika virus infection, and recognition of additional clinical findings associated with congenital Zika virus infection. All infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus exposure* during pregnancy should receive a standard evaluation at birth and at each subsequent well-child visit including a comprehensive physical examination, age-appropriate vision screening and developmental monitoring and screening using validated tools (3-5), and newborn hearing screen at birth, preferably using auditory brainstem response (ABR) methodology (6)...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049244/isolated-heptadactylia-a-case-report-of-central-polydactyly-of-the-foot
#9
Nicolas Piette, Pierre-Yves Zambelli, Daniel N'Dele
RATIONALE: Heptadactylia is a rare congenital disorder from the polydactyly family. Polydactyly is generally classified into 3 major groups: preaxial (medial ray), postaxial (lateral ray), and central polydactyly. Most common cases are related to preaxial or postaxial polydactyly. The rarity of central polydactyly can be explained in 3 ways. First, central polydactyly with duplication appearing on metatarsal is pretty uncommon. Second, the duplication appears isolated on the foot. Polydactyly is mostly associated with other physical defects or others duplications...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048729/beyond-down-syndrome-phenotype-paternally-derived-isodicentric-chromosome-21-with-partial-monosomy-21q22-3
#10
Manesha Putra, Urvashi Surti, Jie Hu, Deana Steele, Michele Clemens, Devereux N Saller, Svetlana A Yatsenko, Aleksandar Rajkovic
Inverted isodicentric chromosome 21 is a rare form of chromosomal rearrangement that may result in trisomy 21; sometimes this rearrangement may also lead to segmental monosomy of the terminal long arm of chromosome 21. In this report, we describe the prenatal diagnosis and neonatal follow-up of a child with a paternally derived, de novo isodicentric chromosome 21 and a concurrent ∼1.2 Mb deletion of the 21q22.3 region [46,XX,idic(21)(q22.3)]. This child presented with unusual phenotype of Down syndrome and additional defects including esophageal atresia and tethered cord syndrome...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048590/family-functioning-medical-self-management-and-health-outcomes-among-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-a-mediation-model
#11
Alexandra M Psihogios, Lauren C Daniel, Reem Tarazi, Kim Smith-Whitley, Chavis A Patterson, Lamia P Barakat
Background: Informed by the Pediatric Self-Management Model, the present study tested relationships between parent and family functioning, sickle cell disease (SCD) self-management, and health outcomes for children with SCD. Method: 83 children with SCD and a parent completed baseline data as part of a larger investigation of a family-based, problem-solving intervention for children with SCD (M age = 8.47). Youth and parents completed a measure of child health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and parents completed measures of family efficacy, parenting stress, and SCD self-management...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048210/breastfeeding-challenges-and-the-preterm-mother-infant-dyad-a-conceptual-model
#12
Chantal Lau
Breastfeeding is an experience that only a mother and her infant(s) can share. Infants who can feed from the breast receive not only the best nutrition but also, due to the close physical contact between mother and child, it is the optimal nurturance they can receive from their mother. When breastfeeding is trouble free, maternal well-being is uniquely heightened. However, breastfeeding remains a challenge for many mother-infant dyads and more so for those whose infants are born prematurely. This article introduces a conceptual model of the breastfeeding challenges facing preterm mother-infant dyads...
October 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047381/a-critical-appraisal-of-guidelines-used-for-management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-south-africa-s-referral-system
#13
Faith Nankasa Mambulu-Chikankheni, John Eyles, Ejemai Amaize Eboreime, Prudence Ditlopo
BACKGROUND: Focusing on healthcare referral processes for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in South Africa, this paper discusses the comprehensiveness of documents (global and national) that guide the country's SAM healthcare. This research is relevant because South African studies on SAM mostly examine the implementation of WHO guidelines in hospitals, making their technical relevance to the country's lower level and referral healthcare system under-explored. METHODS: To add to both literature and methods for studying SAM healthcare, we critically appraised four child healthcare guidelines (global and national) and conducted complementary expert interviews (n = 5)...
October 18, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047364/mapping-child-maltreatment-risk-a-12-year-spatio-temporal-analysis-of-neighborhood-influences
#14
Enrique Gracia, Antonio López-Quílez, Miriam Marco, Marisol Lila
BACKGROUND: 'Place' matters in understanding prevalence variations and inequalities in child maltreatment risk. However, most studies examining ecological variations in child maltreatment risk fail to take into account the implications of the spatial and temporal dimensions of neighborhoods. In this study, we conduct a high-resolution small-area study to analyze the influence of neighborhood characteristics on the spatio-temporal epidemiology of child maltreatment risk. METHODS: We conducted a 12-year (2004-2015) small-area Bayesian spatio-temporal epidemiological study with all families with child maltreatment protection measures in the city of Valencia, Spain...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045697/impact-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-drug-resistance-on-treatment-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
George K Siberry, Anouk Amzel, Artur Ramos, Emilia D Rivadeneira
Children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience higher rates of virologic failure than adults. Human immunodeficiency virus drug resistance (HIVDR) plays a major role in pediatric HIV treatment failure because nonsuppressive maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding as well as infant antiretroviral prophylaxis lead to high rates of pretreatment drug resistance to regimens most commonly used in children living with HIV...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042915/the-innovation-of-the-subspecialty-of-paediatric-virology-an-interview-with-research-professor-of-molecular-virology-anna-kramvis
#16
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
Professor Anna Kramvis, Research Professor of Molecular Virology at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, talks about direct-acting antiviral treatments against hepatitis C virus (HCV), as well as the perspective of the development of an effective vaccine against HCV. She emphasises the necessity of vaccination against hepatitis B virus (HBV), highlighting that it is very important that vaccination should be administered at birth in order to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042905/photo-elicitation-with-adolescents-in-qualitative-research-an-example-of-its-use-in-exploring-family-interactions-in-adolescent-psychiatry
#17
J Sibeoni, E Costa-Drolon, L Poulmarc'h, S Colin, M Valentin, J Pradère, A Revah-Levy
BACKGROUND: Photo-elicitation is a method used increasingly often in qualitative health research, and its positive effect on the research process is well established today. Photo-elicitation appears to facilitate verbalization and insight and to improve relationships between the researcher and participants, thereby enriching the quality of the data collected. Nonetheless, it is barely used at all in the field of adolescent psychiatry. With the aim of exploring the potential of these methods for research with adolescents receiving psychiatric care, we conducted a qualitative photo-elicitation data collection study with this population, asking them about family interactions around food...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042729/attitudes-of-parents-and-children-toward-primary-molars-restoration-with-stainless-steel-crown
#18
Najmeh Akhlaghi, Maryam Hajiahmadi, Mohammad Golbidi
CONTEXT: Today, attention has increasingly been focused on the studies which include patient-centered consequences. AIMS: The study aims to investigate the attitude of parents and children toward the application of stainless steel crown (SSC) on primary molars. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study included eighty 4-6-year-old children having treated with SSC over the past 3-6 months. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eventually, a validated child- and parent-centered self-report questionnaire was filled, having 14 questions about demographic information, six questions about childrens' attitude, and eight questions about parents' attitude...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042376/protocol-for-a-cohort-study-of-adolescent-mental-health-service-users-with-a-nested-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-managed-transition-in-improving-transitions-from-child-to-adult-mental-health-services-the
#19
Swaran P Singh, Helena Tuomainen, Giovanni de Girolamo, Athanasios Maras, Paramala Santosh, Fiona McNicholas, Ulrike Schulze, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Sabine Tremmery, Tomislav Franić, Jason Madan, Moli Paul, Frank C Verhulst, Gwen C Dieleman, Jane Warwick, Dieter Wolke, Cathy Street, Claire Daffern, Priya Tah, James Griffin, Alastair Canaway, Giulia Signorini, Suzanne Gerritsen, Laura Adams, Lesley O'Hara, Sonja Aslan, Frédérick Russet, Nikolina Davidović, Amanda Tuffrey, Anna Wilson, Charlotte Gatherer, Leanne Walker
INTRODUCTION: Disruption of care during transition from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) to adult mental health services may adversely affect the health and well-being of service users. The MILESTONE (Managing the Link and Strengthening Transition from Child to Adult Mental Healthcare) study evaluates the longitudinal course and outcomes of adolescents approaching the transition boundary (TB) of their CAMHS and determines the effectiveness of the model of managed transition in improving outcomes, compared with usual care...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042344/mommio-s-recipe-box-assessment-of-the-cooking-habits-of-mothers-of-preschoolers-and-their-perceptions-of-recipes-for-a-video-game
#20
Maciel Ugalde, Leah Brand, Alicia Beltran, Hafza Dadabhoy, Tzu-An Chen, Teresia M O'Connor, Sheryl O Hughes, Tom Baranowski, Richard Buday, Theresa A Nicklas, Janice Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet because they help prevent several chronic diseases. Mothers of preschoolers reported difficulty getting their young children to eat vegetables, and many did not know how to cook child-pleasing recipes. OBJECTIVE: The cooking habits of mothers of preschoolers, their perceptions of recipes designed for their children, and the involvement of their children in food preparation were assessed to inform a food parenting video game called Mommio...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
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