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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346114/status-based-identity
#1
Mesmin Destin, Michelle Rheinschmidt-Same, Jennifer A Richeson
Psychological research on socioeconomic status (SES) has grown significantly over the past decade. In this article, we build upon and integrate existing approaches to direct greater attention toward investigating the subjective meaning and value that people attach to understanding their own SES as an identity. We use the term status-based identity to organize relevant research and examine how people understand and make meaning of their SES from moment to moment in real time. Drawing from multiple areas of research on identity, we suggest that even temporary shifts in how people construe their status-based identities predict changes in thought, affect, motivation, and behavior...
March 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346067/horseback-riding-therapy-for-a-deafblind-individual-enabled-by-a-haptic-interface
#2
Matjaž Ogrinc Ms, Ildar Farkhatdinov PhD, Rich Walker Ms, Etienne Burdet
We present a haptic interface to help deafblind people to practice horseback riding as a recreational and therapeutic activity. Horseback riding is a form of therapy which can improve self-esteem and sensation of independence. It has been shown to benefit people with various medical conditions-including autism. However, in the case of deafblind riders, an interpreter must stand by at all times to communicate with the rider by touch. We developed a simple interface that enables deafblind people to enjoy horseback riding while the instructor is remotely providing cues, which improves their independence...
March 27, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345988/the-experiences-of-students-in-interprofessional-learning
#3
Mark Telford, Emma Senior
This article explores the experiences of undergraduate healthcare students within interprofessional education (IPE) using a qualitative research study. The motive to undertake this study was as a result of mixed evaluations of IPE sessions. The study aimed to analyse student experiences of IPE, and as a result provide greater insight into how this type of education could be enhanced. Participants were selected through voluntary recruitment and data were collected using a focus group involving 12 participants who responded...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345683/-workplace-health-promotion-in-poland-in-2015-diagnosis-based-on-a-representative-survey-of-companies-employing-more-than-50-employees
#4
Krzysztof Puchalski, Elżbieta Korzeniowska
BACKGROUND: The workplace health promotion (WHP) activity of enterprises in Poland was examined. The findings referred to how many companies implemented non-obligatory actions for health and what actions were taken, what were the reasons and obstacles in the implementation, whether companies evaluated their activity, how they motivated staff to WHP, and whether the size and economic standing differentiated their activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Representative survey, consisted of computer assisted telephone interviews with delegates of the boards of 1000 companies employing > 50 employees, held in November-December 2015...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345368/sponsors-and-investigative-staffs-perceptions-of-the-current-investigational-new-drug-safety-reporting-process-in-oncology-trials
#5
Raymond Perez, Patrick Archdeacon, Nancy Roach, Robert Goodwin, Jonathan Jarow, Nina Stuccio, Annemarie Forrest
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Food and Drug Administration's final rule on investigational new drug application safety reporting, effective from 28 March 2011, clarified the reporting requirements for serious and unexpected suspected adverse reactions occurring in clinical trials. The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative released recommendations in 2013 to assist implementation of the final rule; however, anecdotal reports and data from a Food and Drug Administration audit indicated that a majority of reports being submitted were still uninformative and did not result in actionable changes...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345358/-instead-of-popping-pills-perhaps-you-should-add-frog-breathing-experiences-of-glossopharyngeal-insufflation-breathing-for-people-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Malin Nygren-Bonnier, Jens Werner, Gabriele Biguet, Sverker Johansson
BACKGROUND: People with cervical spinal cord injury have impaired function of the respiratory muscles, which results in reduced ventilation. Glossopharyngeal insufflation/breathing increases total lung capacity and improves cough function, however, knowledge of the experiences regarding learning and practicing glossopharyngeal insufflation in everyday life is missing. PURPOSE: To describe and explore the experiences of learning and practicing glossopharyngeal insufflation among people with cervical spinal cord injury...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345253/attending-and-avoiding-dental-appointments-do-bright-and-dark-motivational-paths-have-a-role
#7
A E Münster Halvari, H Halvari, E L Deci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test a self-determination theory (SDT) process model of the "bright" and the "dark" motivational pathways through dental attendance or avoidance to oral health. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 322 students from all study disciplines at the University of Oslo. Participants responded to a survey with validated questionnaires. Structural equation modelling was used to test the SDT model, and a bootstrapping procedure was used to test the indirect links in the model...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345078/online-actions-with-offline-impact-how-online-social-networks-influence-online-and-offline-user-behavior
#8
Tim Althoff, Pranav Jindal, Jure Leskovec
Many of today's most widely used computing applications utilize social networking features and allow users to connect, follow each other, share content, and comment on others' posts. However, despite the widespread adoption of these features, there is little understanding of the consequences that social networking has on user retention, engagement, and online as well as offline behavior. Here, we study how social networks influence user behavior in a physical activity tracking application. We analyze 791 million online and offline actions of 6 million users over the course of 5 years, and show that social networking leads to a significant increase in users' online as well as offline activities...
February 2017: Proc Int Conf Web Search Data Min
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344915/from-the-evaluation-of-existing-solutions-to-an-all-inclusive-package-for-biobanks
#9
Heimo Müller, Nicolas Malservet, Philip Quinlan, Robert Reihs, Matthieu Penicaud, Antoine Chami, Kurt Zatloukal, George Dagher
The domain of biobanking has gone through many stages and as a result there are a wide range of commercial and open source software solutions available. The utilization of these software tools requires different levels of domain and technical skills for installation, configuration and ultimate us of these biobank software tools. To compound this complexity the biobanking community are required to work together in order to share knowledge and jointly build solutions to underpin the research infrastructure. We have evaluated the available tools, described them in a catalogue (BiobankApps) and made a selection of tools available to biobanks in a reference toolbox (BIBBOX) that are use-case driven...
2017: Health and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344846/beating-obesity-factors-associated-with-interest-in-workplace-weight-management-assistance-in-the-mining-industry
#10
Tamara D Street, Drew L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Rates of overweight and obese Australians are high and continue to rise, putting a large proportion of the population at risk of chronic illness. Examining characteristics associated with preference for a work-based weight-loss program will enable employers to better target programs to increase enrolment and benefit employees' health and fitness for work. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken at two Australian mining sites. The survey collected information on employee demographics, health characteristics, work characteristics, stages of behavior change, and preference for workplace assistance with reaching a healthy weight...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344692/a-landscape-analysis-of-leadership-training-in-postgraduate-medical-education-training-programs-at-the-university-of-ottawa
#11
Marlon Danilewitz, Laurie McLean
BACKGROUND: There is growing recognition of the importance of physician leadership in healthcare. At the same time, becoming an effective leader requires significant training. While educational opportunities for practicing physicians exist to develop their leadership skills, there is a paucity of leadership opportunities for post graduate trainees. In response to this gap, both the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada have recommended that leadership training be considered a focus in Post Graduate Medical Education (PGME)...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344683/dispositional-mindfulness-predicts-adaptive-affective-responses-to-health-messages-and-increased-exercise-motivation
#12
Yoona Kang, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Victor J Strecher, Emily B Falk
Feelings can shape how people respond to persuasive messages. In health communication, adaptive affective responses to potentially threating messages constitute one key to intervention success. The current study tested dispositional mindfulness, characterized by awareness of the present moment, as a predictor of adaptive affective responses to potentially threatening health messages and desirable subsequent health outcomes. Both general and discrete negative affective states (i.e., shame) were examined in relation to mindfulness and intervention success...
April 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344672/the-perceived-benefits-of-an-arts-project-for-health-and-wellbeing-of-older-offenders
#13
Dean J Wilkinson, Laura S Caulfield
The increasing ageing prison population is becoming a pressing issue throughout the criminal justice system. Alongside the rising population, are a host of health and wellbeing issues that contribute to older offenders needs whilst in prison. It has been recommended that meaningful activities can have positive effects on this population and therefore this paper uniquely reviews older offenders accounts of taking part in an arts based project, Good Vibrations, whilst imprisoned. The Good Vibrations project engages individuals in Gamelan music making with an end of project performance...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344152/trait-based-food-cravings-are-encoded-by-regional-homogeneity-in-the-parahippocampal-gyrus
#14
Shuaiyu Chen, Debo Dong, Todd Jackson, Qian Zhuang, Hong Chen
Food cravings can reflect an intense trait-like emotional-motivational desire to eat palatable food, often resulting in the failure of weight loss efforts. Studies have linked trait-based food-cravings to increased risk of overeating. However, little is known about resting-state neural mechanisms that underlie food cravings. We investigated this issue using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test the extent to which spontaneous neural activity occurs in regions implicated in emotional memory and reward motivation associated with food cravings...
March 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343989/social-interaction-food-scent-or-toys-a-formal-assessment-of-domestic-pet-and-shelter-cat-felis-silvestris-catus-preferences
#15
Kristyn R Vitale Shreve, Lindsay R Mehrkam, Monique A R Udell
Domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) engage in a variety of relationships with humans and can be conditioned to engage in numerous behaviors using Pavlovian and operant methods Increasingly cat cognition research is providing evidence of their complex socio-cognitive and problem solving abilities. Nonetheless, it is still common belief that cats are not especially sociable or trainable. This disconnect may be due, in part, to a lack of knowledge of what stimuli cats prefer, and thus may be most motivated to work for...
March 23, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343956/effect-of-cd-2-and-cd-2-auxin-mixtures-on-lipid-monolayers-model-membrane-studies-on-the-role-of-auxins-in-phytoremediation-of-metal-ions-from-contaminated-environment
#16
Katarzyna Hąc-Wydro, Marzena Mach, Karolina Węder, Katarzyna Pająk, Paweł Wydro
In this work Langmuir monolayer experiments were performed to analyze the effect of Cd(2+) ions and their mixtures with synthetic auxin (1-naphthaleneacetic acid - NAA) on lipid films. These investigations were motivated by the fact that auxins act effectively as the agents improving the removal of metal ions from contaminated water and soil by plants (phytoextraction), and although their mechanism of action in this area is still unclear, it was suggested that it can be membrane-related. The experiments were done for one component (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine - DPPC; 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine - DOPC; 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-(1'-rac-glycerol) (sodium salt) - DPPG) monolayers and mixed (DPPG/DOPC and DPPG/DPPC) films treated as model of plant leaves membranes...
March 23, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343678/maxillofacial-prosthetics-training-and-practice-profiles-in-the-united-states
#17
James L Sheets, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Cortino Sukotjo, Betsy K Davis, Alvin G Wee
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The motivation of maxillofacial prosthodontists to go into fellowship training and specific procedures in maxillofacial prosthetics practice once they have completed training has not been previously evaluated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to survey maxillofacial prosthodontists in the United States to investigate their reasons for pursuing maxillofacial prosthetic training and their practice profiles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In June 2015, a survey was sent to all US maxillofacial prosthodontists asking for descriptive demographics, their reasoning as to what prompted entrance into a maxillofacial prosthetic program, and their practice pattern...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343648/women-s-experiences-of-undergoing-total-knee-joint-replacement-surgery
#18
Åsa Engström, Jonas Boström, Ann-Christin Karlsson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to describe women's experiences of undergoing total knee joint replacement surgery. DESIGN: A qualitative approach was used. METHOD: A content analysis of the text from interviews with five women was conducted. FINDINGS: The time before surgery was marked by the experience of constant pain, which affected the women negatively in their everyday lives. During surgery, the information provided by the staff gave each woman a sense of security; the women handed over responsibility to the staff and experienced a sensation of relief...
April 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343423/management-of-precipitated-opiate-withdrawal-syndrome-induced-by-nalmefene-mistakenly-prescribed-in-opiate-dependent-patients-a-review-for-clinicians
#19
Nicolas Franchitto, Benedicte Jullian, Juliette Salles, Fanny Pelissier, Benjamin Rolland
Nalmefene, a long-acting µ-opioid antagonist approved to treat alcohol use disorder, is occasionally mistakenly prescribed to opiate-dependent or opioid-treated patients. We review recent literature on drug-drug interactions between nalmefene and opioids that lead to precipitated opioid withdrawal, and focus on its management and planning for care at discharge. Areas covered: This article provides a brief and comprehensive review of management of precipitated opioid withdrawal syndrome when nalmefene is associated with an opioid, whether misused or legally prescribed...
March 27, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343286/a-mimic-of-sexually-motivated-homicide-insect-stings-and-heat-exhaustion-in-a-forest
#20
Nancy X Liu, Michael S Pollanen
We report the case a woman who was found dead in a forest. The body was nude and the position of the body suggested a sexually motivated homicide. We concluded that death was not related to homicide, but was related to the conjunction of environmental factors, including insect stings, and acute psychosis. A medicolegal death investigation with postmortem examination was undertaken to determine cause of death. At the scene, the body was supine with legs spread apart and the knees flexed, exposing the external genitalia...
March 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
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