keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Heart, lung, endocrine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810563/dystrophia-myotonica-type-1-presenting-with-dysarthria-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Chunrong Li, Xiaoling Zhang, Chunkui Zhou, Lijun Zhu, Kangding Liu, Shaokuan Fang
Dystrophia myotonica (DM) type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder, caused by a trinucleotide CTG repeat expansion in the 3' untranslated region of the dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) gene (chromosome 19q13.3). The disorder affects different organ systems, including the skeletal muscles, ocular lens, lungs, heart and gastrointestinal tract, as well as the endocrine and central nervous systems. The skeletal muscles are most frequently involved, whereby the disorder manifests as myotonia, muscle weakness and amyotrophy...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494504/metabolic-syndrome-and-aggressive-prostate-cancer-at-initial-diagnosis
#2
Simona Di Francesco, Raffaele L Tenaglia
Links between metabolic syndrome and prostate cancer after androgen deprivation therapy are emerging. The aim of the research was to investigate the association of metabolic syndrome and aggressive prostate malignancy, at initial diagnosis, without the influence of hormonal treatment. Retrospective analysis of 133 patients with prostate tumor diagnosis between 2007 and 2009 was conducted. Patients with prostate cancer were subdivided in 2 groups according to Gleason score: Gleason score≥7 as high-grade prostate tumor (Group 1) and <7 (Group 2) as low-grade prostate tumor...
July 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407743/new-drugs-new-toxicities-severe-side-effects-of-modern-targeted-and-immunotherapy-of-cancer-and-their-management
#3
REVIEW
Frank Kroschinsky, Friedrich Stölzel, Simone von Bonin, Gernot Beutel, Matthias Kochanek, Michael Kiehl, Peter Schellongowski
Pharmacological and cellular treatment of cancer is changing dramatically with benefits for patient outcome and comfort, but also with new toxicity profiles. The majority of adverse events can be classified as mild or moderate, but severe and life-threatening complications requiring ICU admission also occur. This review will focus on pathophysiology, symptoms, and management of these events based on the available literature.While standard antineoplastic therapy is associated with immunosuppression and infections, some of the recent approaches induce overwhelming inflammation and autoimmunity...
April 14, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286566/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-mitochondrial-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) due to respiratory-chain defects or nonrespiratory chain defects are usually multisystem conditions [mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)] affecting the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system, eyes, ears, endocrine organs, heart, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, arteries, and also the intestinal tract. Frequent gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of MIDs include poor appetite, gastroesophageal sphincter dysfunction, constipation, dysphagia, vomiting, gastroparesis, GI pseudo-obstruction, diarrhea, or pancreatitis and hepatopathy...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173820/therapeutic-arthropods-and-other-largely-terrestrial-folk-medicinally-important-invertebrates-a-comparative-survey-and-review
#5
REVIEW
V Benno Meyer-Rochow
Traditional healing methods involving hundreds of insect and other invertebrate species are reviewed. Some of the uses are based on the tenet of "similia similibus" (let likes be cured by likes), but not all non-conventional health promoting practices should be dismissed as superstition or wishful thinking, for they have stood the test of time. Two questions are addressed: how can totally different organ systems in a human possibly benefit from extracts, potions, powders, secretions, ashes, etc. of a single species and how can different target organs, e...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070760/the-generation-r-study-design-and-cohort-update-2017
#6
Marjolein N Kooijman, Claudia J Kruithof, Cornelia M van Duijn, Liesbeth Duijts, Oscar H Franco, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Johan C de Jongste, Caroline C W Klaver, Aad van der Lugt, Johan P Mackenbach, Henriëtte A Moll, Robin P Peeters, Hein Raat, Edmond H H M Rings, Fernando Rivadeneira, Marc P van der Schroeff, Eric A P Steegers, Henning Tiemeier, André G Uitterlinden, Frank C Verhulst, Eppo Wolvius, Janine F Felix, Vincent W V Jaddoe
The Generation R Study is a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life until adulthood. The study is designed to identify early environmental and genetic causes and causal pathways leading to normal and abnormal growth, development and health from fetal life, childhood and young adulthood. This multidisciplinary study focuses on several health outcomes including behaviour and cognition, body composition, eye development, growth, hearing, heart and vascular development, infectious disease and immunity, oral health and facial growth, respiratory health, allergy and skin disorders of children and their parents...
December 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964920/intraoperative-near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging-of-thymus-in-preclinical-models
#7
Hideyuki Wada, Hoon Hyun, Homan Kang, Julien Gravier, Maged Henary, Mark W Bordo, Hak Soo Choi, John V Frangioni
BACKGROUND: There are currently no thymus-specific contrast agents for biomedical imaging. Thus, finding ectopic thymic tissue during certain operations is extremely difficult. The purpose of the present study was to determine if near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging could provide high sensitivity, real-time identification of thymic tissue during the operation. METHODS: After initial in vivo screening of a 315-compound NIR fluorophore library for thymic uptake, methylene blue and five different 700-nm emitting candidate molecules were injected into CD-1 mice for quantitation of the signal-to-background ratio as a function of kinetics and dosing...
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936897/expression-profiles-and-associations-of-adiponectin-and-adiponectin-receptors-with-intramuscular-fat-in-tibetan-chicken
#8
R Zhang, Y Lin, L Zhi, H Liao, L Zuo, Z Li, Y Xu
1. Adiponectin and its receptors (ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2) are novel endocrine systems that act at various levels to modulate glucose and lipid metabolism. This study was designed to investigate the spatial expression of adiponectin, ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2 genes in various tissues in Tibetan chicken. The temporal expression of adiponectin and its receptor mRNAs were also studied in adipose tissue, breast muscle and thigh muscle and the correlations of the levels of adiponectin, ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2 mRNA with the contents of intramuscular fat in breast muscle and thigh muscle of Tibetan chicken were determined...
April 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886849/prevalence-and-burden-of-comorbidities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
REVIEW
Alexandru Corlateanu, Serghei Covantev, Alexander G Mathioudakis, Victor Botnaru, Nikolaos Siafakas
The classical definition of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) as a lung condition characterized by irreversible airway obstruction is outdated. The systemic involvement in patients with COPD, as well as the interactions between COPD and its comorbidities, justify the description of chronic systemic inflammatory syndrome. The pathogenesis of COPD is closely linked with aging, as well as with cardiovascular, endocrine, musculoskeletal, renal, and gastrointestinal pathologies, decreasing the quality of life of patients with COPD and, furthermore, complicating the management of the disease...
November 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861290/pathophysiological-trends-during-withdrawal-of-life-support-implications-for-organ-donation-after-circulatory-death
#10
Arjun Iyer, Hong Chee Chew, Ling Gao, Jeanette Villanueva, Mark Hicks, Aoife Doyle, Gayathri Kumarasinghe, Andrew Jabbour, Paul Cassius Jansz, Michael P Feneley, Richard P Harvey, Robert M Graham, Kumud K Dhital, Peter S Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) provides an alternative pathway to deceased organ transplantation. Although clinical DCD lung, liver, and kidney transplantation are well established, transplantation of hearts retrieved from DCD donors has reached clinical translation only recently. Progress has been limited by concern regarding the viability of DCD hearts. The aim of this study was to document the pathophysiological changes that occur in the heart and circulation during withdrawal of life (WLS) support...
December 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617151/syndrome-associated-tumors-by-organ-system
#11
REVIEW
Raul S Gonzalez, Nicole D Riddle
Certain tumors suggest the possibility of a patient harboring a genetic syndrome, particularly in children. Syndrome-associated tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tract, gynecologic tract, heart, lungs, brain, eye, endocrine organs, and hematopoietic system will be briefly discussed.
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421224/primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Maureen Rischmueller, Joanna Tieu, Susan Lester
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a relatively common autoimmune systemic rheumatic disease. In addition to sicca syndrome and swollen salivary glands, systemic features manifest in the majority of patients, and are severe in 15%, particularly affecting the joints, skin, lungs, and peripheral nervous system. A recent meta-analysis estimated a pooled relative risk of 13.76 for the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, particularly in pSS patients who have parotid enlargement, vasculitis, cryoglobulinemia, and antibodies to Ro and La...
February 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245147/fgfr-inhibitors-effects-on-cancer-cells-tumor-microenvironment-and-whole-body-homeostasis-review
#13
REVIEW
Masaru Katoh
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)2, FGF4, FGF7 and FGF20 are representative paracrine FGFs binding to heparan-sulfate proteoglycan and fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs), whereas FGF19, FGF21 and FGF23 are endocrine FGFs binding to Klotho and FGFRs. FGFR1 is relatively frequently amplified and overexpressed in breast and lung cancer, and FGFR2 in gastric cancer. BCR-FGFR1, CNTRL-FGFR1, CUX1-FGFR1, FGFR1OP-FGFR1, MYO18A-FGFR1 and ZMYM2-FGFR1 fusions in myeloproliferative neoplasms are non-receptor-type FGFR kinases, whereas FGFR1-TACC1, FGFR2-AFF3, FGFR2-BICC1, FGFR2-PPHLN1, FGFR3-BAIAP2L1 and FGFR3-TACC3 fusions in solid tumors are transmembrane-type FGFRs with C-terminal alterations...
July 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138667/emerging-trends-in-non-communicable-disease-mortality-in-south-africa-1997-2010
#14
Beatrice Nojilana, Debbie Bradshaw, Victoria Pillay-van Wyk, William Msemburi, Ria Laubscher, Nontuthuzelo I M Somdyala, Jane D Joubert, Pamela Groenewald, Rob E Dorrington
OBJECTIVES: National trends in age-standardised death rates (ASDRs) for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in South Africa (SA) were identified between 1997 and 2010. METHODS: As part of the second National Burden of Disease Study, vital registration data were used after validity checks, proportional redistribution of missing age, sex and population group, demographic adjustments for registration incompleteness, and identification of misclassified AIDS deaths. Garbage codes were redistributed proportionally to specified codes by age, sex and population group...
April 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033361/-18-f-fe-snap-a-specific-pet-tracer-for-melanin-concentrating-hormone-receptor-1-imaging
#15
Cécile Philippe, Daniela Haeusler, Thomas Scherer, Clemens Fürnsinn, Markus Zeilinger, Wolfgang Wadsak, Karem Shanab, Helmut Spreitzer, Marcus Hacker, Markus Mitterhauser
BACKGROUND: The melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCHR1), which is highly expressed in the lateral hypothalamus, plays a key role in energy homeostasis, obesity and other endocrine diseases. Hence, there is a major interest in in vivo imaging of this receptor. A PET tracer would allow non-invasive in vivo visualization and quantification of the MCHR1. The aim of the study was the ex vivo evaluation of the MCHR1 ligand [(18)F]FE@SNAP as a potential PET tracer for the MCHR1. METHODS: [(18)F]FE@SNAP was injected directly into the jugular vein of awake naïve rats for ex vivo brain autoradiography, biodistribution and additional blood metabolite analysis...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013533/health-conditions-and-passive-suicidal-ideation-in-the-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe
#16
Julie Lutz, Kimberly Morton, Nicholas A Turiano, Amy Fiske
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between health conditions and passive suicidal ideation in middle-aged and older adults. METHOD: Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted on data from 35,664 middle-aged and older adults from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe. Mediation analyses were also conducted to test the roles of disability and depression in risk of ideation. RESULTS: After including demographic variables, disability, depression, and other health conditions as covariates, heart attack, diabetes/high blood sugar, chronic lung disease, arthritis, ulcer, and hip/femoral fractures were associated with increased odds of passive suicidal ideation...
September 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855657/stage-iiia-cancer-of-the-right-lung-ingrowing-via-right-lower-pulmonary-vein-to-the-left-heart-atrium
#17
Piotr Błasiak, Paweł Kwinecki, Grzegorz Kacprzak, Konrad Pawełczyk, Marek Marciniak, Małgorzata Winter, Adam Rzechonek
Computed tomography is performed in every patient before lung tumour resection. The presented case realises how important it is to perform this study with contrast. In a 75-year-old male we detected a tumour ingrowing from the right lung through the right lower pulmonary vein into the left atrium of the heart. The patient was qualified for primary sternotomy with extracorporeal circulation and resection of the intracardiac part of the tumour. In the second stage, right-sided thoracotomy was performed, and right lower lung lobectomy was done...
December 2015: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801557/peripheral-and-central-localization-of-the-nesfatin-1-receptor-using-autoradiography-in-rats
#18
Philip Prinz, Miriam Goebel-Stengel, Pauline Teuffel, Matthias Rose, Burghard F Klapp, Andreas Stengel
Nesfatin-1 was recently identified and introduced as food intake-regulatory hormone. Soon thereafter, mounting evidence indicated a much broader role for nesfatin-1 with an involvement in the regulation of food intake, gastrointestinal motility, glucose homeostasis, blood pressure and stress. Despite the growing knowledge on the physiological regulation and functions of nesfatin-1, the receptor mediating these effects remains to be characterized. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the peripheral and central localization of the nesfatin-1 receptor by autoradiography...
February 12, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26625551/endoethelial-progenitor-cells-are-affected-by-medications-and-estrogen
#19
REVIEW
Arnon Blum
EPCs constitute an essential cornerstone in the building and maintenance of the endothelial blood vessels, as well as the functioning of most of the systems of our body, including the endocrine, neurological, hematological, immune and inflammatory systems as well as organs such as kidney, heart, lungs and brain. Moreover, they serve as gatekeepers, preventing degenerative processes that affect every organ and tissue. It is important to know and understand that medications and hormones have an effect on these cells...
September 2015: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26438316/glp-1-receptor-agonists-and-type-1-diabetes-where-do-we-stand
#20
REVIEW
Djordje S Popovic, Edita Stokic, Stevan L Popovic
Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is a disease characterized by autoimmune mediated destruction of the insulin producing beta cells of endocrine pancreas. Beside insulin deficiency, T1DM is also characterized by abnormal suppression of glucagon secretion in response to hyperglycemia. All these abnormalities are likely to leave patients dependent upon exogenous insulin administration for survival. GLP-1 is a hormone secreted by L-cells of distal small intestine and colon. GLP-1 exerts its effects through the interaction with GLP-1 receptor expressed in the pancreatic islets, lung, hypothalamus, stomach, heart and kidney...
2015: Current Pharmaceutical Design
keyword
keyword
3951
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"