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Whipple procedure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788693/treatment-using-the-spyglass-digital-system-in-a-patient-with-hepatolithiasis-after-a-whipple-procedure
#1
Hirofumi Harima, Kouichi Hamabe, Fusako Hisano, Yuko Matsuzaki, Tadahiko Itoh, Kazutoshi Sanuki, Isao Sakaida
An 89-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment of hepatolithiasis causing recurrent cholangitis. He had undergone a prior Whipple procedure. Computed tomography demonstrated left-sided hepatolithiasis. First, we conducted peroral direct cholangioscopy (PDCS) using an ultraslim endoscope. Although PDCS was successfully conducted, it was unsuccessful in removing all the stones. The stones located in the B2 segment were difficult to remove because the endoscope could not be inserted deeply into this segment due to the small size of the intrahepatic bile duct...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776725/collaterals-management-during-pancreatoduodenectomy-in-patients-with-celiac-axis-stenosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Francesco Giovanardi, Quirino Lai, Manuela Garofalo, Gabriela A Arroyo Murillo, Eleonore Choppin de Janvry, Redan Hassan, Zoe Larghi Laureiro, Adriano Consolo, Fabio Melandro, Pasquale B Berloco
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Celiac axis stenosis (CAS) represents an uncommon and typically innocuous condition. However, when a pancreatic resection is required, a high risk for upper abdominal organs ischemia is observed. In presence of collaterals, such a risk is minimized if their preservation is realized. The aim of the present study is to systematically review the literature with the intent to address the routine management of collateral arteries in the case of CAS patients requiring pancreatoduodenectomy...
May 15, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773761/surgical-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#3
Wioletta Masiak-Segit, Karol Rawicz-Pruszyński, Magdalena Skórzewska, Wojciech P Polkowski
The only way to cure the patient with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (RT) is surgical excision of the tumor. The standard surgical treatment of resectable pancreatic carcinoma is considered the classic pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with the Kausch- Whipple procedure, or the pylorus-preserving PD with the Traverso-Longmire method. The most difficult technically and at the same time the most important PD stage from an oncological point of view is the separation of the head of the pancreas from the superior mesenteric artery...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729226/eus-guided-hepaticoenterostomy-as-a-portal-to-allow-definitive-antegrade-treatment-of-benign-biliary-diseases-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy
#4
Theodore W James, Y Claire Fan, Todd H Baron
BACKGROUND & AIMS: EUS-guided hepaticoenterostomy (EUS-HE) is usually reserved for palliation of malignant biliary obstruction after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) or inaccessible biliary tree in surgically altered anatomy (SAA). We describe outcome of EUS-HE and antegrade therapy for benign biliary disease in patients with SAA. METHODS: Retrospective review of 20 consecutive patients with surgically altered anatomy and benign biliary obstruction who underwent EUS-HE performed by one endoscopist at a tertiary center over a three-year period...
May 2, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672360/cutaneous-metastasis-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-ampulla-of-vater
#5
Angel Fernandez-Flores, David S Cassarino
Cutaneous metastases from an adenocarcinoma of the Ampulla of Vater are very rare, with only a few cases previously reported. We present here an additional case in a 57-year-old woman who complained of a painful growth on her frontal scalp that she had noticed 4 months earlier. Her medical history included an ampullary adenocarcinoma, which was diagnosed 4 years ago, excised through a Whipple procedure, and treated using chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The scalp biopsy showed a dermal and epidermotropic well-differentiated glandular neoplasm with abundant neutrophils within the luminae of the tumoral glands...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672294/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledocho-enterostomy-by-using-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-in-patients-with-failed-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-literature-review
#6
Deepanshu Jain, Manan Shah, Upen Patel, Abhinav Sharma, Shashideep Singhal
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been the cornerstone in the management of malignant jaundice to provide symptomatic relief and/or to allow chemotherapy. Difficult biliary cannulation or the presence of concomitant duodenal obstruction may lead to its failure. METHOD: An extensive English literature search was done via PubMed and Google Scholar to identify 13 peer-reviewed original articles. RESULTS: Of 92 patients, 98...
April 19, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671537/chronic-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
Kathleen Barry
Chronic pancreatitis is an irreversible and progressive disorder of the pancreas characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, and scarring. Exocrine and endocrine functions are lost, often leading to chronic pain. The etiology is multifactorial, although alcoholism is the most significant risk factor in adults. The average age at diagnosis is 35 to 55 years. If chronic pancreatitis is suspected, contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the best imaging modality for diagnosis. Computed tomography may be inconclusive in early stages of the disease, so other modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, or endoscopic ultrasonography with or without biopsy may be used...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655635/percutaneous-endobiliary-radiofrequency-ablation-for-refractory-benign-hepaticojejunostomy-and-biliary-strictures
#8
M Özdemir, F Küçükay, F A E Özdemir, R Acu, M Tola, M Yurdakul
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (ERFA) and balloon dilation for the treatment of hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) strictures resistant to surgery and/or other interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients who underwent percutaneous ERFA for HJ stricture were included. There were 10 men and 8 women with a mean age of 48.3±10.8 (SD) years (range: 33-69 years). The 18 patients had a total of 29 benign HJ strictures secondary to cholecystectomy (14 patients; 78...
April 11, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627658/routine-chest-x-ray-is-unnecessary-after-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-line-placement-in-the-operating-room
#9
David C Woodland, C Randall Cooper, M Farzan Rashid, Vilma L Rosario, Paul David Weyker, Joshua Weintraub, Stuart Bentley-Hibbert, Michael D Kluger
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVC) can be useful for perioperative monitoring and insertion has low complication rates. However, routine post insertion chest X-rays have become standard of care and contribute to health care costs with limited impact on patient management. METHODS: 200 patient charts who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with central line placement and early line removal were reviewed for clinical complications related to central line placement as well as radiographic evidence of malpositioning...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623164/wernicke-s-encephalopathy-5-years-after-a-whipple-procedure
#10
Mahmoud AbdelRazek, Crystal Han, Amanda Albrecht, Lobna Elsadek, Golnaz Yadollahikhales, Rabab Elsadek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589453/-multidisciplinary-approach-to-surgical-disorders-of-the-pancreas-in-children
#11
J Šnajdauf, M Rygl, O Petrů, B Frýbová, J Náhlovský, V Mixa, R Keil, J Bronský, M Kynčl, R Kodet
INTRODUCTION: Surgical diseases of the pancreas in children are not common and may be associated with significant morbidity and potential mortality. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for correct diagnosis, surgical strategy and postoperative as well as follow-up care. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of patients operated on due to a pathological lesion of the pancreas focused on diagnostics, operating procedures, postoperative complications, and long-term results...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567046/an-end-to-side-suspender-pancreaticojejunostomy-a-new-invagination-pancreaticojejunostomy
#12
Bin Li, Chang Xu, Zhi-Quan Qiu, Chen Liu, Bin Yi, Xiang-Ji Luo, Xiao-Qing Jiang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a severe complication of the pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Recently, we introduced a method of suspender pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) to the PD. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed various risk factors for complications after PD. We also introduced and assessed the suspender PJ to demonstrate its advantages. METHODS: Data from 335 patients with various periampullary lesions, who underwent the Whipple procedure (classic Whipple procedure or pylorus-preserving) PD by either traditional end-to-side invagination PJ or suspender PJ, were analyzed...
April 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520186/prediction-of-late-postoperative-hemorrhage-after-whipple-procedure-using-computed-tomography-performed-during-early-postoperative-period
#13
Ga Jin Han, Suk Kim, Nam Kyung Lee, Chang Won Kim, Hyeong Il Seo, Hyun Sung Kim, Tae Un Kim
Objective: Postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH) is an uncommon but serious complication of Whipple surgery. To evaluate the radiologic features associated with late PPH at the first postoperative follow up CT, before bleeding. Materials and Methods: To evaluate the radiological features associated with late PPH at the first follow-up CT, two radiologists retrospectively reviewed the initial postoperative follow-up CT images of 151 patients, who had undergone Whipple surgery...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504324/whipple-resection-concordance-between-frozen-section-and-permanent-section-diagnosis-of-surgical-margins
#14
Muhammad Bilal, Hina Tariq, Nadira Mamoon
BACKGROUND: Margin assessment is done in Whipple procedures which are usually performed to resect tumours of head of pancreas and ampullary/periampullary region. Aims and objective of the study are to determine the concordance between frozen sections (FS) and permanent sections (PS) of surgical margins in Whipple resections. METHODS: It is a retrospective study, from January 2008 to January 2015 (07 years). It includes the specimen with malignancy in final report and for which FS of pancreatic and/or CBD margin(s) were requested...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463197/cephalic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-preservation-of-a-right-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-using-the-right-gastro-epiploic-artery-a-case-report
#15
K Homsy, J-L Paquay, H Farghadani
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic cancer is a rare disease with a high mortality rate, for which complete surgical resection, when possible, is the preferred therapeutic. Pancreaticoduodenectomy represents the surgical technique of choice. Abdominal surgeons can be faced with the challenge of patients with a history of coronary artery bypass graft in which the right gastro-epiploic artery is used. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a patient with an adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head, stage IIA, having previously undergone a triple coronary artery bypass, one of which being a right gastro-epiploic graft...
February 20, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452860/pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-the-surgical-management-of-primary-retroperitoneal-sarcoma
#16
William W Tseng, Denice D Tsao-Wei, Dario Callegaro, Giovanni Grignani, Lorenzo D'Ambrosio, Sylvie Bonvalot, Cecilia G Ethun, Kenneth Cardona, John T Mullen, Robert J Canter, John E Mullinax, Ricardo J Gonzalez, Frits van Coevorden, Markus Albertsmeier, Kiran K Dhanireddy, Salvatore L Renne, Alessandro Gronchi
BACKGROUND: In retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS), the optimal extent of resection must balance adequate disease control with potential for morbidity. We sought to study the frequency and outcomes after a Whipple procedure or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients undergoing resection for primary RPS. METHODS: Participating referral centers within the Trans-Atlantic Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Working Group provided retrospective data from January 2007 to December 2016 for patients with primary RPS who underwent PD along with the total number of consecutive resections done during the same time period...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445599/robotic-vascular-resections-during-whipple-procedure
#17
REVIEW
Bassan J Allan, Stephanie M Novak, Melissa E Hogg, Herbert J Zeh
Indications for resection of pancreatic cancers have evolved to include selected patients with involvement of peri-pancreatic vascular structures. Open Whipple procedures have been the standard approach for patients requiring reconstruction of the portal vein (PV) or superior mesenteric vein (SMV). Recently, high-volume centers are performing minimally invasive Whipple procedures with portovenous resections. Our institution has performed seventy robotic Whipple procedures with concomitant vascular resections...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438817/the-outcomes-and-complications-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-whipple-procedure-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sherko Abdullah Molah Karim, Karzan Seerwan Abdulla, Qalandar Hussein Abdulkarim, Fattah Hama Rahim
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the most difficult and complex surgery that carries a high rate of major complications, including delayed gastric emptying (DGE), pancreatic fistula, bleeding, intra-abdominal collection, and pulmonary complications. In this study, we have tried to demonstrate the outcomes, and rates of complications from patients who had undergone this procedure by our surgical team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study has been constructed on 98 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from May 2010 to November 2017 in three different hospitals of the Sulaimanyah governorate in the Kurdistan region of Iraq by the same surgical team...
April 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391117/efficacy-of-negative-pressure-wound-treatment-in-preventing-surgical-site-infections-after-whipple-procedures
#19
Ryan Gupta, Geoffrey C Darby, David K Imagawa
Surgical site infections (SSIs) occur at an average rate of 21.1 per cent after Whipple procedures per NSQIP data. In the setting of adherence to standard National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Hepatopancreatobiliary recommendations including wound protector use and glove change before closing, this study seeks to evaluate the efficacy of using negative pressure wound treatment (NPWT) over closed incision sites after a Whipple procedure to prevent SSI formation. We retrospectively examined consecutive patients from January 2014 to July 2016 who met criteria of completing Whipple procedures with full primary incision closure performed by a single surgeon at a single institution...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391093/development-of-postoperative-diabetes-mellitus-in-patients-undergoing-distal-pancreatectomy-versus-whipple-procedure
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Adrienne Nguyen, Aram Demirjian, Maki Yamamoto, Kathryn Hollenbach, David K Imagawa
Because the islets of Langerhans are more prevalent in the body and tail of the pancreas, distal pancreatectomy (DP) is believed to increase the likelihood of developing new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM). To determine whether the development of postoperative diabetes was more prevalent in patients undergoing DP or Whipple procedure, 472 patients undergoing either a DP (n = 122) or Whipple (n = 350), regardless of underlying pathology, were analyzed at one month postoperatively. Insulin or oral hypoglycemic requirements were assessed and patients were stratified into preoperative diabetic status: NODM or preexisting diabetes...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
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