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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675672/low-virulence-bacterial-infections-in-cervical-intervertebral-discs-a-prospective-case-series
#1
Yilei Chen, Xianjun Wang, Xuyang Zhang, Hong Ren, Bao Huang, Jian Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Zhihai Zhu, Fengdong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional case series study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of low virulence disc infection and its associations with characteristics of patients or discs in the cervical spine. BACKGROUND: Low virulence bacterial infections could be a possible cause of intervertebral disc degeneration and/or back pain. Controversies are continuing over whether these bacteria, predominantly Propionibacterium acnes (P...
April 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673106/use-of-dynamic-images-in-radiology-education-movies-of-ct-and-mri-in-the-anatomy-classroom
#2
Hye Won Jang, Chang-Seok Oh, Yeon Hyeon Choe, Dong Su Jang
Radiology education is a key component in many preclinical anatomy courses. However, the reported effectiveness of radiology education within such anatomy classrooms has varied. This study was conducted to determine if a novel educational method using dynamic images of movies of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was effective in radiology education during a preclinical anatomy course, aided by clay modeling, specific hand gestures (digit anatomy), and reports from dissection findings uploaded to the anatomy course website (digital reports)...
April 19, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666953/multi-institutional-analysis-of-ct-and-mri-reports-evaluating-indeterminate-renal-masses-comparison-to-a-national-survey-investigating-desired-report-elements
#3
Eric M Hu, Andrew Zhang, Stuart G Silverman, Ivan M Pedrosa, Zhen J Wang, Andrew D Smith, Hersh Chandarana, Ankur Doshi, Atul B Shinagare, Erick M Remer, Samuel D Kaffenberger, David C Miller, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To determine the need for a standardized renal mass reporting template by analyzing reports of indeterminate renal masses and comparing their contents to stated preferences of radiologists and urologists. METHODS: The host IRB waived regulatory oversight for this multi-institutional HIPAA-compliant quality improvement effort. CT and MRI reports created to characterize an indeterminate renal mass were analyzed from 6 community (median: 17 reports/site) and 6 academic (median: 23 reports/site) United States practices...
April 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660549/perineural-spread-along-spinal-and-obturator-nerves-in-primary-vaginal-carcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Eun Jee Song, Ji Seon Park, Kyung Nam Ryu, So Young Park, Wook Jin
BACKGROUND: Perineural spread is not uncommon feature in carcinoma of the head and neck. On the contrary, perineural spread in pelvic malignancies has been rarely reported. This report is the first report about perineural spread of obturator nerve and lumbosacral plexus from primary vaginal cancer. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 50-year-old woman diagnosed with infectious spondylitis at an outside hospital was referred to our institution. She presented with persistent lower back pain and right anterior thigh pain...
April 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659679/surveillance-imaging-with-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-post-operative-follow-up-of-stage-3-melanoma
#5
J Lewin, L Sayers, D Kee, I Walpole, A Sanelli, L Te Marvelde, A Herschtal, J Spillane, D Gyorki, D Speakman, V Estall, S Donahoe, M Pohl, K Pope, M Chua, S Sandhu, G A McArthur, C J McCormack, M Henderson, R J Hicks, M Shackleton
Background: As early detection of recurrent melanoma maximizes treatment options, patients usually undergo post-operative imaging surveillance, increasingly with FDG-PET/CT (PET). To assess this, we evaluated stage 3 melanoma patients who underwent prospectively applied and sub-stage-specific schedules of PET surveillance. Patients and Methods: From 2009, patients with stage 3 melanoma routinely underwent PET +/- MRI brain scans via defined schedules based on sub-stage-specific relapse probabilities...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658783/fibrosarcoma-arising-in-the-paranasal-sinus-a-clinicopathological-and-radiological-analysis
#6
Junjie Zeng, Huaping Liu, Lizhi Liu, Weihua Liao, Ping Hu, Xiaoyi Wang, Xuejun Li, Lunquan Sun, Youming Zhang, Xiaoping Yi
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinicopathological features and the CT and MRI features of patients with paranasal sinus fibrosarcoma. METHODS: Seven patients with surgically and pathologically confirmed paranasal sinus fibrosarcoma were enrolled. Their CT and MRI data and imaging features were retrospectively analyzed in detail. RESULTS: The study participants were two males and five females (median age, 43 years; range, 22-73 years). CT or MRI imaging showed a well-defined (n = 5) or ill-defined (n = 2), irregular (n = 6) or oval (n = 1) mass, with heterogeneous (n = 7) density...
April 16, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656303/spondylodiscitis-following-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-imaging-perspectives-from-a-single-centre-s-experience
#7
Ramin Mandegaran, Christopher S W Tang, Erlick A C Pereira, Ali Zavareh
OBJECTIVE: Very few reports have previously described spondylodiscitis as a potential complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We present to our knowledge the first case series of spondylodiscitis following EVAR based on our institution's experience over an 11-year period. Particular attention is paid to the key imaging features and challenges encountered when performing spinal imaging in this complex patient group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1,847 patients who underwent EVAR at our institution between January 2006 and January 2017, a total of 9 patients were identified with imaging features of spondylodiscitis (0...
April 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653270/decompressive-craniotomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction-optimal-timing-and-literature-review
#8
Ahmed Elsawaf, Ayman Galhom
OBJECT: To compare the results of early or delayed decompressive craniotomy (DC) for cases of malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative study METHODS: Prospective randomized study on consecutive series of a 46 patients with malignant MCA territory infarction. Patients were divided randomly into two groups: Group I; 27 patients who were followed till obvious deterioration of conscious level happened, Group II; 19 patients who were operated prophylactically in 6 hours of presentation even with no clear deterioration of conscious level or radiology's findings...
April 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652779/is-the-current-management-of-patients-presenting-with-spinal-trauma-to-district-general-hospitals-fit-for-purpose-our-experience-of-delivering-a-spinal-service-using-an-electronic-referral-platform-in-a-large-district-general-teaching-hospital-without-onsite
#9
Daniel S Hill, Hans Marynissen
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the provision of a spinal service using an electronic platform to direct management from an external spinal unit, and quantify time taken to obtain definitive management plans whilst under prescribed spinal immobilization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Most attending district general hospitals following spinal trauma will have stable injuries and normal neurology, with only a small proportion requiring urgent transfer to a specialist centre...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629316/management-of-functional-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-pancreas
#10
REVIEW
Kjell Öberg
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) constitute a heterogenous group of malignancies with varying clinical presentation, tumor biology and prognosis. The incidence of pNETs has steadily increased during the last decades with an estimated incidence 2012 of 4.8/100,000. Recent whole genome sequencing of pNETs has demonstrated mutations in the DNA repair genes MUTYH and point mutations and gene fusions in four main pathways from chromatin remodeling, DNA damage repair, activation of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling and the telomere maintenance...
February 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627781/novel-mri-of-mediastinal-masses-internal-differentiation-of-a-thymoma-and-lymphoma-with-t1-and-t2-mapping
#11
Tanvi Karnik, Rhiannon McBean, Graeme Hart, Katrina Newbigin
Routine imaging for mediastinal malignancies includes chest X-ray, CT or MRI. T1 and T2 mapping are novel MRI techniques which may have a role in expanding the assessment of internal tumour characteristics. This case report details two middle-aged women who had similar clinical presentations of mediastinal masses of comparable size and appearance when assessed with routine imaging. T1 and T2 maps were acquired on MRI to investigate whether these tumours could be further differentiated prior to surgery. T1 and T2 mapping supported suspicion for which tumour components were solid and cystic, as subsequently confirmed histologically...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626838/integrated-computer-aided-forensic-case-analysis-presentation-and-documentation-based-on-multimodal-3d-data
#12
Alexander Bornik, Martin Urschler, Dieter Schmalstieg, Horst Bischof, Astrid Krauskopf, Thorsten Schwark, Eva Scheurer, Kathrin Yen
Three-dimensional (3D) crime scene documentation using 3D scanners and medical imaging modalities like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are increasingly applied in forensic casework. Together with digital photography, these modalities enable comprehensive and non-invasive recording of forensically relevant information regarding injuries/pathologies inside the body and on its surface. Furthermore, it is possible to capture traces and items at crime scenes. Such digitally secured evidence has the potential to similarly increase case understanding by forensic experts and non-experts in court...
March 23, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623475/diagnostic-value-of-fdg-pet-ct-for-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-metastasis-in-rectal-cancer-treated-with-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy
#13
S Ishihara, K Kawai, T Tanaka, T Kiyomatsu, K Hata, H Nozawa, T Morikawa, T Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate the diagnostic value of18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) for lateral pelvic lymph node (LPN) metastasis in rectal cancer treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: Eighteen rectal cancer patients with enlarged (≥ 8 mm) LPNs were treated with CRT followed by total mesorectal excision with LPN dissection during 2012-2015. After CRT, LPN maximum standard uptake values (SUVmax) were measured using PET/CT and long diameters of LPNs were measured using CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
April 6, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622361/perception-of-radiology-reporting-efficacy-by-neurologists-in-general-and-university-hospitals
#14
A W Olthof, J C de Groot, A N Zorgdrager, P M C Callenbach, P M A van Ooijen
AIM: To investigate how neurologists perceive the value of the radiology report and to analyse the relation with the neurologists own expertise in radiology and the level of subspecialisation of radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based survey was distributed to neurologists. The level of subspecialisation was assessed by the percentage of fellowship-trained radiologists and the percentage of radiologists that were members of the Dutch Society of Neuroradiology...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619121/intra-articular-fracture-of-the-distal-part-of-the-triquetrum-within-the-pisotriquetral-joint-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
V Athanasiou, A Panagopoulos, I D Iliopoulos, I Vrahnis, G Diamantakis, P Kraniotis, M Tyllianakis
Background: Intra-articular fractures of the distal part of the triquetrum within the pisotriquetral joint are uncommon, and can be associated with tears of the dorsal carpal ligaments, pisiform subluxation and/or FCU dislocation. Their diagnosis is difficult and requires a high clinical suspicion and a proper radiological examination including oblique wrist x-rays, computed tomography and MRI scan. These fractures can be delayed diagnosed due to late presentation thus leading to painful nonunion, persistent instability and late pisotriquetral arthritis...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602428/diagnostic-concordance-between-mobile-interfaces-and-conventional-workstations-for-emergency-imaging-assessment
#16
José Eduardo Venson, Fernando Bevilacqua, Jean Berni, Fabio Onuki, Anderson Maciel
INTRODUCTION: Mobile devices and software are now available with sufficient computing power, speed and complexity to allow for real-time interpretation of radiology exams. In this paper, we perform a multivariable user study that investigates concordance of image-based diagnoses provided using mobile devices on the one hand and conventional workstations on the other hand. METHODS: We performed a between-subjects task-analysis using CT, MRI and radiography datasets...
May 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595677/the-value-of-scintigraphy-computed-tomography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-computed-tomography-for-the-diagnosis-of-ectopic-thyroid-in-the-head-and-neck-a-strobe-compliant-retrospective-study
#17
Feng Xu, Ziyang Shao, Gongxing Yang, Aichun Gu, Mengda Jiang, Yifan Pan, Yubo Ma
Because of its rarity, the exact imaging features of ectopic thyroid are poorly known.To analyze the value of scintigraphy, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT in the diagnosis of ectopic thyroid in the head and neck.First, we retrospectively analyzed the scintigraphy, CT, MRI, and SPECT/CT images from 25 masses (22 patients) suspected of head and neck ectopic thyroid from 2006 to 2017 at the Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital. Each mass was imaged by nuclear imaging (scintigraphy with or without SPECT/CT) and radiological exam (CT and/or MRI)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594402/contrast-enhanced-cone-beam-breast-ct-cbbct-clinical-performance-compared-to-mammography-and-mri
#18
Susanne Wienbeck, Uwe Fischer, Susanne Luftner-Nagel, Joachim Lotz, Johannes Uhlig
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced (CE) cone-beam breast computed tomography (CBBCT) in dense breast tissue and compare it to non-contrast (NC) CBBCT, mammography (MG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This prospective institutional review board-approved study included 41 women (52 breasts) with American College of Radiology (ACR) density types c or d and Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 or 5 assessments in MG or ultrasound (US)...
March 28, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594216/a-predictive-model-for-residual-disease-after-chemo-radiotherapy-in-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-combined-radiological-and-clinical-evaluation-of-tumor-response
#19
Zeno A R Gouw, Bas Jasperse, Jan-Jakob Sonke, Wilma D Heemsbergen, Arash Navran, Olga Hamming-Vrieze, Jan Paul de Boer, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Abrahim Al-Mamgani
Background and purpose: Early detection of Residual disease (RD) is vital for salvage possibilities after (chemo) radiatiotherapy for oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC). We standardized clinical investigation to test its added value to MRI response evaluation and investigated the benefit of FDG-PET/CT. Materials and methods: Radiological response evaluation using Ojiri-score was done for 234 patients with OPC, using MRI 12 weeks after (chemo) radiotherapy between 2010 and 2014...
October 2017: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574558/defining-the-abdominal-radiologist-based-on-the-current-u-s-job-market
#20
David H Hoffman, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to characterize current practice patterns of abdominal radiologists based on work descriptions within job postings on numerous national radiology specialty websites. METHODS: Job postings for either "abdominal" or "body" radiologists were searched weekly on five society websites (SAR, SCBT-MR, ARRS, ACR, RSNA) over a 1-year period. Postings were reviewed for various characteristics. RESULTS: Nine hundred and sixteen total ads for 341 unique abdominal radiologist positions were reviewed (34...
March 24, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
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