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Wheelchair sport

Laurie A Malone, Jennifer L Rowland, Rebecca Rogers, Tapan Mehta, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Mohanraj Thirumalai, James H Rimmer
OBJECTIVE: For active videogaming (AVG) to be a meaningful, health-enhancing physical activity option for youth with physical disability, factors related to game performance and enjoyment must be understood. The objective was to explore associations between quality of gameplay, controller usage, heart rate (HR), physical function, and enjoyment during AVG play in youth with physical disability. METHODS: Participants (5 girls, 11 boys, mean age 13.8 ± 2.7 years) played four AVGs on three platforms (Nintendo(®) Wii™, Sony PlayStation3 Move, and Microsoft Xbox(®) Kinect), across three sessions...
October 3, 2016: Games for Health
V C Altmann, B E Groen, A L Hart, Y C Vanlandewijck, J van Limbeek, N L W Keijsers
In Paralympic sport, classification of impairment is needed to prevent a one-sided and predictable outcome of competition, in which the least impaired athlete has the best chance to win. To develop evidence-based classification in wheelchair rugby, the impact of trunk impairment, measured by the Trunk Impairment Classification (TIC), on performance-determining activities was assessed. Arm impairment was analyzed as a covariant. Fifty-five athletes, 21 with TIC score 0, 13 with TIC score 0.5, 11 with TIC score 1...
October 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
R M A van der Slikke, M A M Berger, D J J Bregman, H E J Veeger
Quantitative assessment of an athlete׳s individual wheelchair mobility performance is one prerequisite needed to evaluate game performance, improve wheelchair settings and optimize training routines. Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) based methods can be used to perform such quantitative assessment, providing a large number of kinematic data. The goal of this research was to reduce that large amount of data to a set of key features best describing wheelchair mobility performance in match play and present them in meaningful way for both scientists and athletes...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
K Griggs, V Goosey-Tolfrey, T Paulson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Byung-Chun You, Won-Jae Lee, Seung-Hwa Lee, Sol Jang, Hyun-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shoulder disease patterns for the table-tennis (TT) and archery (AR) wheelchair athletes via ultrasonographic evaluations. METHODS: A total of 35 wheelchair athletes were enrolled, made up of groups of TT (n=19) and AR (n=16) athletes. They were all paraplegic patients and were investigated for their wheelchair usage duration, careers as sports players, weekly training times, the Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) scores and ultrasonographic evaluation...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Giuseppe Vita, Stefania La Foresta, Massimo Russo, Gian Luca Vita, Sonia Messina, Christian Lunetta, Anna Mazzeo
This study reports the positive physical, emotional and psychosocial changes induced by sport activity in a Paralympic swimmer with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) type 4A. When we compared evaluations before initiating sport activity with those after five years of competitive activity, we found: i) increased proximal muscles strength of upper limbs; ii) augmented ability to propel wheelchair independently; iii) improved quality of life; iv) reduced trait anxiety and striking improvement of depression; v) enhanced self-esteem...
September 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Thomas Paulson, Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey
Despite the growing interest in Paralympic sport, the evidence-base for supporting elite wheelchair sport performance remains in its infancy when compared to able-bodied (AB) sport. Subsequently, current practice is often based on theory adapted from AB guidelines, with a heavy reliance on anecdotal evidence and practitioner experience. Many principles in training prescription and performance monitoring with wheelchair athletes are directly transferable from AB practice, including the periodisation and tapering of athlete loads around competition...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Lena Grams, Guadalupe Garrido, Jorge Villacieros, Amelia Ferro
Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years...
2016: PloS One
Eva J Kubosch, Jurgen Kosel, Kathrin Steffen, Lukas Konstantinidis, David Kubosch, Norbert P Sudkamp, Anja Hirschmuller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are frequently diagnosed in Paralympic athletes. Despite the increased professionalism in Paralympic Sports, the documentation of injuries and other health complaints during high-level competition is sparse. With respect to the upcoming Paralympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, the aim of this study was the analysis of all musculoskeletal complaints within the German Paralympic Athletes during the London 2012 Paralympic Games. METHODS: All musculoskeletal complaints (MSC) of the 150 German athletes seeking medical attention, hereby defined as "injury", were recorded during the in-competition period of the London Paralympics Games (22 days), regardless of their severity and consequences...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Judy R Wilson, Angela Leigy-Dougall, Douglas M Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kelly Pritchett, Robert Pritchett, Dana Ogan, Phil Bishop, Elizabeth Broad, Melissa LaCroix
BACKGROUND: Due to the potential negative impact of low Vitamin D status on performance-related factors and the higher risk of low Vitamin D status in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) population, research is warranted to determine whether elite athletes with SCI have sufficient 25(OH)D levels. The purposes of this study were to examine: (1) the seasonal proportion of vitamin D insufficiency among elite athletes with SCI; and (2) to determine whether lifestyle factors, SCI lesion level, and muscle performance/function are related to vitamin D status in athletes with SCI...
2016: Nutrients
W Derman, M P Schwellnus, E Jordaan, P Runciman, P Van de Vliet, C Blauwet, N Webborn, S Willick, J Stomphorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of injuries at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days during the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Daily injury data were obtained from teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. RESULTS: There were 174 total injuries reported, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 26...
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Asuman Saltan, Yeşim Bakar, Handan Ankarali
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of wheelchair basketball sport on the functional abilities of wheelchair users. METHOD: This is a randomized controlled study. Wheelchair basketball players (n = 111) and non-player (n = 85) were included in this study. We administered the questionnaire version of the wheelchair skills test questionnaire (WST_Q), recording the participants' capacity and performance scores on each of 32 skills. RESULTS: Player group have the baseline values of WST_Q higher than control group...
June 13, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Peta Forsyth, Kate Pumpa, Emma Knight, Joanna Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the physiological and perceptual effects of three precooling strategies during pre-exercise rest in athletes with a spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Randomized, counterbalanced. Participants were precooled, then rested for 60 minutes (22.7 ± 0.2°C, 64.2 ± 2.6%RH). SETTING: National Wheelchair Basketball Training Centre, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen wheelchair basketball athletes with a SCI...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Mercedes Rodríguez Celin, Virginia Fano
INTRODUCTION: Osteogenesis imperfecta is a group of hereditary connective tissue disorders that cause bone fragility, with a wide clinical variability resulting in varying degrees of motor disability. OBJETIVES: To describe the level of independence and of social, recreational and sports participation among adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta. POPULATION AND METHODS: Descriptive, analytical and crosssectional study conducted in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta older than 15 years old attending the Skeletal Dysplasia Office of Hospital "Prof...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Nathan S Hogaboom, Lynn A Worobey, Michael L Boninger
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how transfer technique and subject characteristics relate to ultrasound measures of shoulder soft tissue pathology and self-reported shoulder pain during transfers in a sample of wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Research laboratory, national and local veterans' wheelchair sporting events. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of wheelchair users (N=76) with nonprogressive SCI...
October 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
J L Flueck, K Hartmann, M Strupler, C Perret
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of total serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) in Swiss elite wheelchair athletes. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the occurrence of vitamin D deficiency in Swiss elite wheelchair athletes over the whole year and to detect differences between winter and summer months, and between indoor and outdoor athletes. SETTING: This study was conducted in Switzerland. METHODS: A total of 164 blood samples from 72 Swiss elite wheelchair athletes (mean±s...
March 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
Katy L de Valle, Zoe E Davidson, Rachel A Kennedy, Monique M Ryan, Kate M Carroll
PURPOSE: To record the use and perceived benefits of mainstream allied health services, complementary therapies, nutritional supplements and structured physical activity in a paediatric population of males with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to 125 parents of males with a dystrophinopathy within a tertiary neuromuscular clinic population in Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: Response rate to the survey was 41%...
2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Eric Garshick, Sara Mulroy, Daniel E Graves, Karen Greenwald, John A Horton, Leslie R Morse
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relations between measures of activity with dyspnea and satisfaction with life in chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Five SCI centers. PARTICIPANTS: Between July 2012 and March 2015, subjects (N=347) with traumatic SCI ≥1 year after injury who used a manual wheelchair or walked with or without an assistive device reported hours spent away from home or yard on the previous 3 days, sports participation, and planned exercise...
October 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Michael Seear, Akshat Kapur, David Wensley, Kelly Morrison, Ariana Behroozi
BACKGROUND: Despite the obvious challenges faced by families caring for children on home ventilation, there is surprisingly little research into the details of their daily lives. In particular, little is known about the quality of life of the child and caregiver plus the associated social and economic burdens of care. METHODS: We prospectively studied 90 families enrolled in a paediatric home ventilation service in British Columbia. In the clinic, we recorded demographic information, patient acuity score and quality of life for patient and caregiver using standardised questionnaires...
July 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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