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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350429/sprint-performance-and-propulsion-asymmetries-on-an-ergometer-in-trained-high-and-low-point-wheelchair-rugby-players
#1
Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey, Riemer J K Vegter, Barry S Mason, Thomas A W Paulson, John P Lenton, Jan W van der Scheer, Lucas H V van der Woude
The purpose of this study was to examine the propulsion asymmetries of wheelchair athletes whilst sprinting on an instrumented, dual-roller ergometer system. Eighteen experienced wheelchair rugby players (8 low-point (LP) (class ≤1.5) and 10 high-point (HP) (class ≥2.0)) performed a 15s sprint in their sports wheelchair on the instrumented ergometer. Asymmetry was defined as the difference in distance and power output (PO) between left and right sides when the best side reached 28m. Propulsion techniques were quantified based on torque and velocity data...
January 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340005/comparison-of-aerobic-performance-testing-protocols-in-elite-male-wheelchair-basketball-players
#2
Bartosz Molik, Andrzej Kosmol, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Judit Lencse-Mucha, Anna Mróz, Karol Gryko, Jolanta Marszałek
In wheelchair sports, aerobic performance is commonly assessed with the use of an arm crank ergometer (ACE), a wheelchair ergometer (WCE) or a wheelchair treadmill (WCT). There are different protocols to identify peak oxygen uptake in wheelchair sports; however, only a few protocols have been applied to evaluate these conditions in wheelchair basketball players. The purpose of this study was to compare physiological responses during maximal exercise testing with the use of ACE and WCT in wheelchair basketball players...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276543/an-investigation-of-home-advantage-in-the-summer-paralympic-games
#3
Darryl Wilson, Girish Ramchandani
Purpose: There is a paucity of home advantage research set in the context of para-sport events. It is this gap in the knowledge that this paper addresses by investigating the prevalence and size of home advantage in the Summer Paralympic Games. Methods: Using a standardised measure of success, we compared the performances of nations when competing at home with their own performances away from home in the competition between 1960 and 2016. Both country-level and individual sport-level analyses were conducted for this time frame...
2017: Sport Sciences for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194049/preserving-the-shoulder-function-of-an-elite-para-triathlete-a-case-report
#4
Robert Diaz, Allison H Stoll, Monica E Rho, Cheri A Blauwet
Shoulder pain in wheelchair users that participate in competitive adaptive sports can be a troublesome condition. Shoulder pain not only affects athletic performance, but also functional activities such as wheelchair propulsion and weight bearing during transfers. Managing pain in these athletes thus presents a unique challenge due to the difficulty in achieving relative rest and the need to modify athletic shoulder-focused rehabilitation strategies. In all athletes, it is vital to establish an early, accurate diagnosis and optimize conservative treatment prior to considering surgical interventions in order to avoid excessive shoulder-related morbidity, loss of function, and worse - loss of independence...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175826/cluster-analysis-of-novel-isometric-strength-measures-produces-a-valid-and-evidence-based-classification-structure-for-wheelchair-track-racing
#5
Mark J Connick, Emma Beckman, Yves Vanlandewijck, Laurie A Malone, Sven Blomqvist, Sean M Tweedy
BACKGROUND: The Para athletics wheelchair-racing classification system employs best practice to ensure that classes comprise athletes whose impairments cause a comparable degree of activity limitation. However, decision-making is largely subjective and scientific evidence which reduces this subjectivity is required. AIM: To evaluate whether isometric strength tests were valid for the purposes of classifying wheelchair racers and whether cluster analysis of the strength measures produced a valid classification structure...
November 25, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#6
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#7
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132727/speed-profiles-in-wheelchair-court-sports-comparison-of-two-methods-for-measuring-wheelchair-mobility-performance
#8
R M A van der Slikke, B S Mason, M A M Berger, V L Goosey-Tolfrey
Wheelchair mobility performance is an important aspect in most wheelchair court sports, commonly measured with an indoor tracking system or wheelchair bound inertial sensors. Both methods provide key wheelchair mobility performance outcomes regarding speed. In this study, we compared speed profiles of both methods to gain insight into the level of agreement, for recommendations regarding future performance measurement. Data were obtained from 5 male highly trained wheelchair basketball players during match play...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122204/insights-on-the-apparel-needs-and-limitations-for-athletes-with-disabilities-the-design-of-wheelchair-rugby-sports-wear
#9
Sara Bragança, Ignacio Castellucci, Simeon Gill, Pascal Matthias, Miguel Carvalho, Pedro Arezes
Wheelchair rugby is a sport that has been gaining popularity with athletes with disabilities. However, as it is relatively new and not played by the masses, market specific sports-wear is not available for this sport, which impacts directly on performance and clothing satisfaction of the athletes. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to identify the problems that wheelchair rugby players face with the sports-wear they use for playing the game. The data was collected using a focus group and a questionnaire with 61 wheelchair rugby players in the United Kingdom...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091467/the-future-of-classification-in-wheelchair-sports-can-data-science-and-technological-advancement-offer-an-alternative-point-of-view
#10
Rienk M A van der Slikke, Daan J J Bregman, Monique A M Berger, Annemarie M H de Witte, Dirk-Jan H E J Veeger
PURPOSE: Classification is a defining factor for competition in wheelchair sports, but it is a delicate and time-consuming process with often questionable validity.(1) New inertial sensor based measurement methods applied in match play and field tests, allow for more precise and objective estimates of the impairment effect on wheelchair mobility performance. It was evaluated if these measures could offer an alternative point of view for classification. METHODS: Six standard wheelchair mobility performance outcomes of different classification groups were measured in match play (n=29), as well as best possible performance in a field test (n=47)...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074477/sport-sex-and-age-increase-risk-of-illness-at-the-rio-2016-summer-paralympic-games-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-51-198-athlete-days
#11
Wayne Derman, Martin P Schwellnus, Esme Jordaan, Phoebe Runciman, Cheri Blauwet, Nick Webborn, Jan Lexell, Peter Van de Vliet, Yetsa Tuakli-Wosornu, James Kissick, Jaap Stomphorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062761/wheelchair-accessibility-to-public-buildings-in-the-kumasi-metropolis-ghana
#12
Cosmos Yarfi, Evans Y K Ashigbi, Emmanuel K Nakua
BACKGROUND: Accessibility implies making public places accessible to every individual, irrespective of his or her disability or special need, ensuring the integration of the wheelchair user into the society and thereby granting them the capability of participating in activities of daily living and ensuring equality in daily life. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the accessibility of the physical infrastructures (public buildings) in the Kumasi metropolis to wheelchairs after the passage of the Ghanaian Disability Law (Act 716, 2006)...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057989/physical-therapy-is-targeted-and-adjusted-over-time-for-the-rehabilitation-of-locomotor-function-in-acute-spinal-cord-injury-interventions-in-physical-and-sports-therapy
#13
Martina Franz, Lea Richner, Markus Wirz, Anne von Reumont, Ulla Bergner, Tanja Herzog, Werner Popp, Kathrin Bach, Norbert Weidner, Armin Curt
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational multicenter study. OBJECTIVES: Investigation of content, duration and adjustment of physical therapy for the rehabilitation of ambulation in acute spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: European Multicenter Study of SCI (EMSCI). METHODS: Physical therapy interventions during acute in-patient rehabilitation of eighty incomplete SCI patients (AIS B, C, D all lesion levels) were recorded using the SCI - Intervention Classification System...
October 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035578/load-monitoring-variables-in-training-and-competition-situations-a-systematic-review-applied-to-wheelchair-sports
#14
Mário A M Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V C Silva, Dayane F Rodrigues, João Paulo P Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto, Andressa da Silva
The aim of this review was to identify the main variables for load monitoring in training and competition situations in wheelchair sports. Studies were identified from a systematic search of three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and SportDiscuss), with search phrases constructed from MeSH terms, alone or in combination, limited to English-language literature, and published up to January 2016. Our main findings were that variables related to external load (distance, speed, and duration) are used to monitor load in competition...
October 1, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029556/wheelchair-shuttle-test-for-assessing-aerobic-fitness-in-youth-with-spina-bifida-validity-and-reliability
#15
Manon A T Bloemen, Janke F de Groot, Frank J G Backx, Joyce Benner, Cas L J J Kruitwagen, Tim Takken
Background: Testing aerobic fitness in youth is important because of expected relationships with health. Objective: The purpose of the study was to estimate the validity and reliability of the Shuttle Ride Test in youth who have spina bifida and use a wheelchair for mobility and sport. Design: Ths study is a validity and reliability study. Methods: The Shuttle Ride Test, Graded Wheelchair Propulsion Test, and skill-related fitness tests were administered to 33 participants for the validity study (age = 14...
October 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939461/perception-of-employment-by-the-veterans-participating-in-the-national-veterans-wheelchair-games-a-survey-study
#16
William Kim, Leah Lee, Daniel Lans, David Tostenrude, Kenneth Lee
BACKGROUND: Employment in those with disability is an important rehabilitation goal, along with achieving some measure of functional independence and is at the same time one of the most difficult goals to achieve. The number of people with disabilities participating in adaptive sports has been increasing steadily over the years. A few studies have looked at the relationship between physical fitness and employment status in those with disability, but there have been no studies that focused on the results of organized adaptive sports events affecting employment outcome...
September 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782541/investigating-the-efficacy-of-web-based-transfer-training-on-independent-wheelchair-transfers-through-randomized-control-trials
#17
Lynn Worobey, Stephanie Rigot, Nathan Hogaboom, Chris Venus, Michael L Boninger
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a web-based transfer training module at improving transfer technique across three groups: web-based training, in-person training (current standard of practice), and a waitlist control group (WLCG). Secondarily, to determine subject factors that can be used to predict improvements in transfer ability after training. DESIGN: Randomized control trials. SETTING: Summer and winter sporting events for disabled veterans...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736353/sport-related-structural-brain-injury-3-cases-of-subdural-hemorrhage-in-american-high-school-football
#18
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Ryan M Gardner, Andrew W Kuhn, Gary S Solomon, Christopher M Bonfield, Scott L Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: The risk of sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a major public health concern. In rare instances, sport-related head injuries can be even more severe, such as subdural hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, or malignant cerebral edema. Unlike SRCs, sport-related structural brain injury (SRSBI) is rare, may require neurosurgical intervention, and can lead to permanent neurologic deficit or death. Data characterizing SRSBI are limited, and many have recognized the need to better understand these catastrophic brain injuries...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727505/opportunities-and-benefits-for-powerchair-users-through-power-soccer
#19
Michael S Jeffress, William J Brown
Power soccer (or powerchair football), the first competitive team sport for users of motorized wheelchairs, is receiving increased attention among people with disabilities, healthcare professionals, and academics. The present study provides a qualitative analysis of the experiences of 34 American power soccer athletes. Participant observation and in-depth interviews with 11 female and 23 male athletes were conducted between 2007 and 2013. Results indicate that involvement in power soccer provides participants with an increased sense of empowerment, acquisition of social capital, and psychosocial benefits, including a deep satisfaction of the desire to participate in competitive sports and an opportunity to be independent...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664759/the-psychosocial-impact-of-wheelchair-tennis-on-participants-from-developing-countries
#20
Emma V Richardson, Anthony Papathomas, Brett Smith, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey
PURPOSE: Individuals with physical disabilities in developing countries can experience many instances of psychosocial hardship. Although scholars have suggested that participation in sport can positively impact psychosocial health, few studies have explored this phenomenon within the disabled population of developing nations. METHODS: Sixteen wheelchair tennis players were recruited across six developing countries and interviewed in regards to their experiences...
January 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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