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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349035/characteristics-of-upper-extremity-s-muscle-strength-in-turkish-national-wheelchair-basketball-players-team
#1
Bihter Akınoğlu, Tuğba Kocahan
The objective of this study was to reveal characteristics of muscle strength of upper extremities of wheelchair (WC) basketball players and to ensure more-specific training program preparation. Isokinetic muscle strength of 12 WC basketball players were assessed by ISOMED 2000 device. The assessment protocol was evaluated at 60°/sec velocity with 5 times repeated force and at 240°/sec with 15 times repeated force. This protocol was carried out individually for shoulder flexion-extension and wrist flexion-extension movements at the right and left extremities...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213754/low-energy-availability-menstrual-dysfunction-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-individuals-with-a-disability-implications-for-the-para-athlete-population
#2
REVIEW
Cheri A Blauwet, Emily M Brook, Adam S Tenforde, Elizabeth Broad, Caroline H Hu, Eliza Abdu-Glass, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Low energy availability, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and low bone mineral density are three interrelated conditions described in athletic women. Although described as the female athlete triad (Triad), males experience similar health concerns. The literature suggests that individuals with a disability may experience altered physiology related to these three conditions when compared with the able-bodied population. The goal of this review is to describe the unique implications of low energy availability, low bone mineral density, and, in females, menstrual dysfunction in individuals with a disability and their potential impact on the para athlete population...
February 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150870/seated-limits-of-stability-of-athletes-with-disabilities-with-regard-to-competitive-levels-and-sport-classification
#3
Paula B R Santos, Patrícia S Vigário, Míriam R M Mainenti, Arthur S Ferreira, Thiago Lemos
We aimed to evaluate the influence of wheelchair rugby (WR) classification and competitive level on the seated limits of stability of athletes with disabilities. Twenty-eight athletes were recruited from international and national level WR teams. Athletes were distributed into three groups per their classification: low-point (0.5-1.5-point); mid-point (2.0-2.5-point); and high-point (3.0-3.5-point). Athletes were asked to sit on a force platform placed upon a wooden block and to lean the body as far as possible in eight pre-defined directions...
February 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122621/how-does-playing-adapted-sports-affect-quality-of-life-of-people-with-mobility-limitations-results-from-a-mixed-method-sequential-explanatory-study
#4
Félix Côté-Leclerc, Gabrielle Boileau Duchesne, Patrick Bolduc, Amélie Gélinas-Lafrenière, Corinne Santerre, Johanne Desrosiers, Mélanie Levasseur
BACKGROUND: Occupations, including physical activity, are a strong determinant of health. However, mobility limitations can restrict opportunities to perform these occupations, which may affect quality of life. Some people will turn to adapted sports to meet their need to be involved in occupations. Little is known, however, about how participation in adapted sports affects the quality of life of people with mobility limitations. This study thus aimed to explore the influence of adapted sports on quality of life in adult wheelchair users...
January 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099092/training-and-development-of-canadian-wheelchair-basketball-players
#5
N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092217/development-construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-a-field-based-wheelchair-mobility-performance-test-for-wheelchair-basketball
#6
Annemarie M H de Witte, Marco J M Hoozemans, Monique A M Berger, Rienk M A van der Slikke, Lucas H V van der Woude, Dirkjan H E J Veeger
The aim of this study was to develop and describe a wheelchair mobility performance test in wheelchair basketball and to assess its construct validity and reliability. To mimic mobility performance of wheelchair basketball matches in a standardised manner, a test was designed based on observation of wheelchair basketball matches and expert judgement. Forty-six players performed the test to determine its validity and 23 players performed the test twice for reliability. Independent-samples t-tests were used to assess whether the times needed to complete the test were different for classifications, playing standards and sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#7
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810582/functional-and-environmental-factors-are-associated-with-sustained-participation-in-adaptive-sports
#8
Cheri A Blauwet, Heidi Y Yang, Sebastian A Cruz, Jamie E Collins, Karen C Smith, Elena Losina, Jeff N Katz
BACKGROUND: Although community-based adaptive sports have become a popular means of rehabilitation for individuals with disabilities, little is known regarding the factors that lead to sustained participation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the demographic, environmental, disability-related, and functional factors associated with sustained participation in a community-based adaptive sports program. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Community-based adaptive sports program...
November 1, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779958/aeromedical-evaluation-for-an-f-16-candidate-with-incomplete-paraplegia
#9
Monica Chahal-Kummen, Trond-Eirik Strand, Jan Ove Owe, Eigil Gulliksen, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: A candidate with paraplegia contacted the Institute of Aviation Medicine, Oslo, requesting a medical examination and medical certification for flying back seat on an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Thorough aeromedical examinations, including specialist evaluations, were initiated for the final decision to be made. CASE REPORT: Almost 13 yr earlier the candidate had acquired spinal cord damage at neurological level L1 after falling 4 m (13 ft) from out of a window...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696899/active-videogaming-in-youth-with-physical-disability-gameplay-and-enjoyment
#10
Laurie A Malone, Jennifer L Rowland, Rebecca Rogers, Tapan Mehta, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Mohanraj Thirumalai, James H Rimmer
OBJECTIVE: For active videogaming (AVG) to be a meaningful, health-enhancing physical activity option for youth with physical disability, factors related to game performance and enjoyment must be understood. The objective was to explore associations between quality of gameplay, controller usage, heart rate (HR), physical function, and enjoyment during AVG play in youth with physical disability. METHODS: Participants (5 girls, 11 boys, mean age 13.8 ± 2.7 years) played four AVGs on three platforms (Nintendo(®) Wii™, Sony PlayStation3 Move, and Microsoft Xbox(®) Kinect), across three sessions...
October 3, 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696507/the-impact-of-trunk-impairment-on-performance-determining-activities-in-wheelchair-rugby
#11
V C Altmann, B E Groen, A L Hart, Y C Vanlandewijck, J van Limbeek, N L W Keijsers
In Paralympic sport, classification of impairment is needed to prevent a one-sided and predictable outcome of competition, in which the least impaired athlete has the best chance to win. To develop evidence-based classification in wheelchair rugby, the impact of trunk impairment, measured by the Trunk Impairment Classification (TIC), on performance-determining activities was assessed. Arm impairment was analyzed as a covariant. Fifty-five athletes, 21 with TIC score 0, 13 with TIC score 0.5, 11 with TIC score 1...
October 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612973/from-big-data-to-rich-data-the-key-features-of-athlete-wheelchair-mobility-performance
#12
R M A van der Slikke, M A M Berger, D J J Bregman, H E J Veeger
Quantitative assessment of an athlete׳s individual wheelchair mobility performance is one prerequisite needed to evaluate game performance, improve wheelchair settings and optimize training routines. Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) based methods can be used to perform such quantitative assessment, providing a large number of kinematic data. The goal of this research was to reduce that large amount of data to a set of key features best describing wheelchair mobility performance in match play and present them in meaningful way for both scientists and athletes...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608734/supporting-paralympic-wheelchair-sport-performance-through-technological-physiological-and-environmental-considerations
#13
K Griggs, V Goosey-Tolfrey, T Paulson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606277/shoulder-disease-patterns-of-the-wheelchair-athletes-of-table-tennis-and-archery-a-pilot-study
#14
Byung-Chun You, Won-Jae Lee, Seung-Hwa Lee, Sol Jang, Hyun-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shoulder disease patterns for the table-tennis (TT) and archery (AR) wheelchair athletes via ultrasonographic evaluations. METHODS: A total of 35 wheelchair athletes were enrolled, made up of groups of TT (n=19) and AR (n=16) athletes. They were all paraplegic patients and were investigated for their wheelchair usage duration, careers as sports players, weekly training times, the Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) scores and ultrasonographic evaluation...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460291/sport-activity-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-a-case-study-of-a-paralympic-swimmer
#15
Giuseppe Vita, Stefania La Foresta, Massimo Russo, Gian Luca Vita, Sonia Messina, Christian Lunetta, Anna Mazzeo
This study reports the positive physical, emotional and psychosocial changes induced by sport activity in a Paralympic swimmer with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) type 4A. When we compared evaluations before initiating sport activity with those after five years of competitive activity, we found: i) increased proximal muscles strength of upper limbs; ii) augmented ability to propel wheelchair independently; iii) improved quality of life; iv) reduced trait anxiety and striking improvement of depression; v) enhanced self-esteem...
September 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448391/current-perspectives-on-profiling-and-enhancing-wheelchair-court-sport-performance
#16
Thomas Paulson, Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey
Despite the growing interest in Paralympic sport, the evidence-base for supporting elite wheelchair sport performance remains in its infancy when compared to able-bodied (AB) sport. Subsequently, current practice is often based on theory adapted from AB guidelines, with a heavy reliance on anecdotal evidence and practitioner experience. Many principles in training prescription and performance monitoring with wheelchair athletes are directly transferable from AB practice, including the periodisation and tapering of athlete loads around competition...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383836/marginal-micronutrient-intake-in-high-performance-male-wheelchair-basketball-players-a-dietary-evaluation-and-the-effects-of-nutritional-advice
#17
Lena Grams, Guadalupe Garrido, Jorge Villacieros, Amelia Ferro
Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377254/upcoming-paralympic-summer-games-in-rio-what-did-the-german-medical-team-learn-from-the-london-games
#18
Eva J Kubosch, Jurgen Kosel, Kathrin Steffen, Lukas Konstantinidis, David Kubosch, Norbert P Sudkamp, Anja Hirschmuller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are frequently diagnosed in Paralympic athletes. Despite the increased professionalism in Paralympic Sports, the documentation of injuries and other health complaints during high-level competition is sparse. With respect to the upcoming Paralympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, the aim of this study was the analysis of all musculoskeletal complaints within the German Paralympic Athletes during the London 2012 Paralympic Games. METHODS: All musculoskeletal complaints (MSC) of the 150 German athletes seeking medical attention, hereby defined as "injury", were recorded during the in-competition period of the London Paralympics Games (22 days), regardless of their severity and consequences...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361575/correlation-between-elite-women-s-wheelchair-basketball-skills-testing-and-future-success-in-the-sport-3006-board-71-june-3-3-30-pm-5-00-pm
#19
Judy R Wilson, Angela Leigy-Dougall, Douglas M Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322316/25-oh-d-status-of-elite-athletes-with-spinal-cord-injury-relative-to-lifestyle-factors
#20
Kelly Pritchett, Robert Pritchett, Dana Ogan, Phil Bishop, Elizabeth Broad, Melissa LaCroix
BACKGROUND: Due to the potential negative impact of low Vitamin D status on performance-related factors and the higher risk of low Vitamin D status in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) population, research is warranted to determine whether elite athletes with SCI have sufficient 25(OH)D levels. The purposes of this study were to examine: (1) the seasonal proportion of vitamin D insufficiency among elite athletes with SCI; and (2) to determine whether lifestyle factors, SCI lesion level, and muscle performance/function are related to vitamin D status in athletes with SCI...
June 17, 2016: Nutrients
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