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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#1
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810582/functional-and-environmental-factors-are-associated-with-sustained-participation-in-adaptive-sports
#2
Cheri A Blauwet, Heidi Y Yang, Sebastian A Cruz, Jamie E Collins, Karen C Smith, Elena Losina, Jeff N Katz
BACKGROUND: Although community-based adaptive sports have become a popular means of rehabilitation for individuals with disabilities, little is known regarding the factors that lead to sustained participation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the demographic, environmental, disability-related, and functional factors associated with sustained participation in a community-based adaptive sports program. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Community-based adaptive sports program...
November 1, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779958/aeromedical-evaluation-for-an-f-16-candidate-with-incomplete-paraplegia
#3
Monica Chahal-Kummen, Trond-Eirik Strand, Jan Ove Owe, Eigil Gulliksen, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: A candidate with paraplegia contacted the Institute of Aviation Medicine, Oslo, requesting a medical examination and medical certification for flying back seat on an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Thorough aeromedical examinations, including specialist evaluations, were initiated for the final decision to be made. CASE REPORT: Almost 13 yr earlier the candidate had acquired spinal cord damage at neurological level L1 after falling 4 m (13 ft) from out of a window...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696899/active-videogaming-in-youth-with-physical-disability-gameplay-and-enjoyment
#4
Laurie A Malone, Jennifer L Rowland, Rebecca Rogers, Tapan Mehta, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Mohanraj Thirumalai, James H Rimmer
OBJECTIVE: For active videogaming (AVG) to be a meaningful, health-enhancing physical activity option for youth with physical disability, factors related to game performance and enjoyment must be understood. The objective was to explore associations between quality of gameplay, controller usage, heart rate (HR), physical function, and enjoyment during AVG play in youth with physical disability. METHODS: Participants (5 girls, 11 boys, mean age 13.8 ± 2.7 years) played four AVGs on three platforms (Nintendo(®) Wii™, Sony PlayStation3 Move, and Microsoft Xbox(®) Kinect), across three sessions...
October 3, 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696507/the-impact-of-trunk-impairment-on-performance-determining-activities-in-wheelchair-rugby
#5
V C Altmann, B E Groen, A L Hart, Y C Vanlandewijck, J van Limbeek, N L W Keijsers
In Paralympic sport, classification of impairment is needed to prevent a one-sided and predictable outcome of competition, in which the least impaired athlete has the best chance to win. To develop evidence-based classification in wheelchair rugby, the impact of trunk impairment, measured by the Trunk Impairment Classification (TIC), on performance-determining activities was assessed. Arm impairment was analyzed as a covariant. Fifty-five athletes, 21 with TIC score 0, 13 with TIC score 0.5, 11 with TIC score 1...
October 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612973/from-big-data-to-rich-data-the-key-features-of-athlete-wheelchair-mobility-performance
#6
R M A van der Slikke, M A M Berger, D J J Bregman, H E J Veeger
Quantitative assessment of an athlete׳s individual wheelchair mobility performance is one prerequisite needed to evaluate game performance, improve wheelchair settings and optimize training routines. Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) based methods can be used to perform such quantitative assessment, providing a large number of kinematic data. The goal of this research was to reduce that large amount of data to a set of key features best describing wheelchair mobility performance in match play and present them in meaningful way for both scientists and athletes...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608734/supporting-paralympic-wheelchair-sport-performance-through-technological-physiological-and-environmental-considerations
#7
K Griggs, V Goosey-Tolfrey, T Paulson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606277/shoulder-disease-patterns-of-the-wheelchair-athletes-of-table-tennis-and-archery-a-pilot-study
#8
Byung-Chun You, Won-Jae Lee, Seung-Hwa Lee, Sol Jang, Hyun-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shoulder disease patterns for the table-tennis (TT) and archery (AR) wheelchair athletes via ultrasonographic evaluations. METHODS: A total of 35 wheelchair athletes were enrolled, made up of groups of TT (n=19) and AR (n=16) athletes. They were all paraplegic patients and were investigated for their wheelchair usage duration, careers as sports players, weekly training times, the Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) scores and ultrasonographic evaluation...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460291/sport-activity-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-a-case-study-of-a-paralympic-swimmer
#9
Giuseppe Vita, Stefania La Foresta, Massimo Russo, Gian Luca Vita, Sonia Messina, Christian Lunetta, Anna Mazzeo
This study reports the positive physical, emotional and psychosocial changes induced by sport activity in a Paralympic swimmer with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) type 4A. When we compared evaluations before initiating sport activity with those after five years of competitive activity, we found: i) increased proximal muscles strength of upper limbs; ii) augmented ability to propel wheelchair independently; iii) improved quality of life; iv) reduced trait anxiety and striking improvement of depression; v) enhanced self-esteem...
September 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448391/current-perspectives-on-profiling-and-enhancing-wheelchair-court-sport-performance
#10
Thomas Paulson, Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey
Despite the growing interest in Paralympic sport, the evidence-base for supporting elite wheelchair sport performance remains in its infancy when compared to able-bodied (AB) sport. Subsequently, current practice is often based on theory adapted from AB guidelines, with a heavy reliance on anecdotal evidence and practitioner experience. Many principles in training prescription and performance monitoring with wheelchair athletes are directly transferable from AB practice, including the periodisation and tapering of athlete loads around competition...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383836/marginal-micronutrient-intake-in-high-performance-male-wheelchair-basketball-players-a-dietary-evaluation-and-the-effects-of-nutritional-advice
#11
Lena Grams, Guadalupe Garrido, Jorge Villacieros, Amelia Ferro
Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377254/upcoming-paralympic-summer-games-in-rio-what-did-the-german-medical-team-learn-from-the-london-games
#12
Eva J Kubosch, Jurgen Kosel, Kathrin Steffen, Lukas Konstantinidis, David Kubosch, Norbert P Sudkamp, Anja Hirschmuller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are frequently diagnosed in Paralympic athletes. Despite the increased professionalism in Paralympic Sports, the documentation of injuries and other health complaints during high-level competition is sparse. With respect to the upcoming Paralympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, the aim of this study was the analysis of all musculoskeletal complaints within the German Paralympic Athletes during the London 2012 Paralympic Games. METHODS: All musculoskeletal complaints (MSC) of the 150 German athletes seeking medical attention, hereby defined as "injury", were recorded during the in-competition period of the London Paralympics Games (22 days), regardless of their severity and consequences...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361575/correlation-between-elite-women-s-wheelchair-basketball-skills-testing-and-future-success-in-the-sport-3006-board-71-june-3-3-30-pm-5-00-pm
#13
Judy R Wilson, Angela Leigy-Dougall, Douglas M Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322316/25-oh-d-status-of-elite-athletes-with-spinal-cord-injury-relative-to-lifestyle-factors
#14
Kelly Pritchett, Robert Pritchett, Dana Ogan, Phil Bishop, Elizabeth Broad, Melissa LaCroix
BACKGROUND: Due to the potential negative impact of low Vitamin D status on performance-related factors and the higher risk of low Vitamin D status in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) population, research is warranted to determine whether elite athletes with SCI have sufficient 25(OH)D levels. The purposes of this study were to examine: (1) the seasonal proportion of vitamin D insufficiency among elite athletes with SCI; and (2) to determine whether lifestyle factors, SCI lesion level, and muscle performance/function are related to vitamin D status in athletes with SCI...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307272/high-incidence-of-injury-at-the-sochi-2014-winter-paralympic-games-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-6564-athlete-days
#15
W Derman, M P Schwellnus, E Jordaan, P Runciman, P Van de Vliet, C Blauwet, N Webborn, S Willick, J Stomphorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of injuries at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days during the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Daily injury data were obtained from teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. RESULTS: There were 174 total injuries reported, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 26...
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291563/wheeled-mobility-skills-of-wheelchair-basketball-players-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Asuman Saltan, Yeşim Bakar, Handan Ankarali
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of wheelchair basketball sport on the functional abilities of wheelchair users. METHOD: This is a randomized controlled study. Wheelchair basketball players (n = 111) and non-player (n = 85) were included in this study. We administered the questionnaire version of the wheelchair skills test questionnaire (WST_Q), recording the participants' capacity and performance scores on each of 32 skills. RESULTS: Player group have the baseline values of WST_Q higher than control group...
June 13, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192132/physiological-and-perceptual-effects-of-precooling-in-wheelchair-basketball-athletes
#17
Peta Forsyth, Kate Pumpa, Emma Knight, Joanna Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the physiological and perceptual effects of three precooling strategies during pre-exercise rest in athletes with a spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Randomized, counterbalanced. Participants were precooled, then rested for 60 minutes (22.7 ± 0.2°C, 64.2 ± 2.6%RH). SETTING: National Wheelchair Basketball Training Centre, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen wheelchair basketball athletes with a SCI...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164338/osteogenesis-imperfecta-level-of-independence-and-of-social-recreational-and-sports-participation-among-adolescents-and-youth
#18
Mercedes Rodríguez Celin, Virginia Fano
INTRODUCTION: Osteogenesis imperfecta is a group of hereditary connective tissue disorders that cause bone fragility, with a wide clinical variability resulting in varying degrees of motor disability. OBJETIVES: To describe the level of independence and of social, recreational and sports participation among adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta. POPULATION AND METHODS: Descriptive, analytical and crosssectional study conducted in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta older than 15 years old attending the Skeletal Dysplasia Office of Hospital "Prof...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117384/transfer-technique-is-associated-with-shoulder-pain-and-pathology-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-investigation
#19
Nathan S Hogaboom, Lynn A Worobey, Michael L Boninger
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how transfer technique and subject characteristics relate to ultrasound measures of shoulder soft tissue pathology and self-reported shoulder pain during transfers in a sample of wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Research laboratory, national and local veterans' wheelchair sporting events. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of wheelchair users (N=76) with nonprogressive SCI...
October 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976532/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-swiss-elite-wheelchair-athletes
#20
J L Flueck, K Hartmann, M Strupler, C Perret
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of total serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) in Swiss elite wheelchair athletes. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the occurrence of vitamin D deficiency in Swiss elite wheelchair athletes over the whole year and to detect differences between winter and summer months, and between indoor and outdoor athletes. SETTING: This study was conducted in Switzerland. METHODS: A total of 164 blood samples from 72 Swiss elite wheelchair athletes (mean±s...
March 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
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