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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#1
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881124/effects-of-variable-practice-on-the-motor-learning-outcomes-in-manual-wheelchair-propulsion
#2
Marika T Leving, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: Handrim wheelchair propulsion is a cyclic skill that needs to be learned during rehabilitation. It has been suggested that more variability in propulsion technique benefits the motor learning process of wheelchair propulsion. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of variable practice on the motor learning outcomes of wheelchair propulsion in able-bodied participants. Variable practice was introduced in the form of wheelchair basketball practice and wheelchair-skill practice...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874302/sprint-performance-of-elite-wheelchair-basketball-players-applicability-of-a-laser-system-for-describing-the-velocity-curve
#3
Amelia Ferro, Jorge Villacieros, Javier Pérez-Tejero
The purpose of this study was to develop a methodology to accurately analyze sprint performance of elite wheelchair basketball (WB) players in their own training context using a laser system and to analyze the velocity curve performed by the players regarding their functional classification and their playing position. Twelve WB players, from the Spanish men's national team, took part in an oncourt 20-m-sprint test. BioLaserSport® was used to obtain time, mean velocities (Vm), maximum velocities (Vmax), and distances at 90%, 95%, and 98% of their Vmax...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858684/a-survey-of-deep-tissue-injury-in-elite-female-wheelchair-basketball-players
#4
Yukiyo Shimizu, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kaori Tachibana, Kenji Tsunoda, Kazushi Hotta, Takashi Fukaya, Eiji Ikeda, Masashi Yamazaki, Yasuyoshi Wadano
OBJECTIVE: To investigate deep tissue injuries (DTIs) in elite female wheelchair basketball players and identify factors associated with their occurrence. METHODS: Study participants were 22 female wheelchair basketball players on the Japanese national team. The sacral and bilateral ischial regions of each participant were examined using ultrasonography to detect DTIs. RESULTS: DTIs were found in 15 players (68.2%). DTIs were more frequent in players with a central nervous system disorder (CNSd) (85...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676944/prediction-of-peak-oxygen-consumption-from-the-multistage-field-test-in-elite-wheelchair-rugby-players
#5
Thierry Weissland, Pierre-Marie Leprêtre, Steven Bruere, Gwendal Troadec, Michel Terrefond
OBJECTIVE: Evaluations of physical fitness and efficiency to wheelchair propulsion are common in rehabilitation center. The multistage field test (MFT) was developed for wheelchair users and predicts the peak value of oxygen consumption [Formula: see text] , independently of their impairment [1]. In an earlier study, we did not find significant difference between VO2peak estimated by the Vanderthommen's formula and measured VO2peak [2] of trained wheelchair basketball players. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Comparatively to wheelchair basketball, the athlete's cardio-respiratory and muscular limitations are greater higher in wheelchair rugby...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632865/the-role-of-trunk-stabilization-in-functional-classification-levels
#6
Asuman Saltan, Handan Ankarali
OBJECTIVE: To compare classification levels and trunk stabilization of wheelchair basketball players and to identify the norm values of trunk balance for wheelchair basketball players. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and thirteen wheelchair basketball players in the super and first Turkish league volunteered for this study. INTERVENTIONS: A modified Wheelchair Skills Test (WST) (Version 4.1) was used for the evaluation of the trunk stabilization...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443546/the-role-of-trunk-stabilization-in-functional-classification-levels
#7
Asuman Saltan, Handan Ankarali
OBJECTIVE: To compare classification levels and trunk stabilization of wheelchair basketball players and to identify the norm values of trunk balance for wheelchair basketball players. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and thirteen wheelchair basketball players in the super and first Turkish league volunteered for this study. INTERVENTIONS: A modified Wheelchair Skills Test (WST) (Version 4.1) was used for the evaluation of the trunk stabilization...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401127/physiological-responses-between-players-with-and-without-spinal-cord-injury-in-wheelchair-basketball-small-sided-games
#8
A Iturricastillo, J Yanci, A Los Arcos, C Granados
STUDY DESIGN: This is a comparative study between players with and without spinal cord injury (SCI) during a training task. OBJECTIVE: This study examined physiological responses in commonly used small-sided games (SSGs) in well-experienced wheelchair basketball (WB) players with SCI and without SCI (Non-SCI). SETTING: The study was conducted with a WB team in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain (2014). METHODS: The team was divided into an SCI group (n=6) and a Non-SCI group (n=6)...
July 12, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383836/marginal-micronutrient-intake-in-high-performance-male-wheelchair-basketball-players-a-dietary-evaluation-and-the-effects-of-nutritional-advice
#9
Lena Grams, Guadalupe Garrido, Jorge Villacieros, Amelia Ferro
Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377254/upcoming-paralympic-summer-games-in-rio-what-did-the-german-medical-team-learn-from-the-london-games
#10
Eva J Kubosch, Jurgen Kosel, Kathrin Steffen, Lukas Konstantinidis, David Kubosch, Norbert P Sudkamp, Anja Hirschmuller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are frequently diagnosed in Paralympic athletes. Despite the increased professionalism in Paralympic Sports, the documentation of injuries and other health complaints during high-level competition is sparse. With respect to the upcoming Paralympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, the aim of this study was the analysis of all musculoskeletal complaints within the German Paralympic Athletes during the London 2012 Paralympic Games. METHODS: All musculoskeletal complaints (MSC) of the 150 German athletes seeking medical attention, hereby defined as "injury", were recorded during the in-competition period of the London Paralympics Games (22 days), regardless of their severity and consequences...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361575/correlation-between-elite-women-s-wheelchair-basketball-skills-testing-and-future-success-in-the-sport-3006-board-71-june-3-3-30-pm-5-00-pm
#11
Judy R Wilson, Angela Leigy-Dougall, Douglas M Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323325/trunk-function-correlates-positively-with-wheelchair-basketball-player-classification
#12
Sileno da Silva Santos, Chandramouli Krishnan, Angelica Castilho Alonso, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to identify differences in trunk muscle strength and balance among various classes of wheelchair basketball (WCB) players and (2) to determine if trunk muscle strength and balance correlate with the current observation-based classification of WCB players. DESIGN: Isometric trunk strength and balance (limits of stability) were objectively quantified in 42 male WCB players. Principal component analysis was used to synthesize a battery of strength and balance measures into a single, composite score of trunk function...
June 17, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291563/wheeled-mobility-skills-of-wheelchair-basketball-players-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Asuman Saltan, Yeşim Bakar, Handan Ankarali
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of wheelchair basketball sport on the functional abilities of wheelchair users. METHOD: This is a randomized controlled study. Wheelchair basketball players (n = 111) and non-player (n = 85) were included in this study. We administered the questionnaire version of the wheelchair skills test questionnaire (WST_Q), recording the participants' capacity and performance scores on each of 32 skills. RESULTS: Player group have the baseline values of WST_Q higher than control group...
June 13, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214678/objective-and-subjective-methods-for-quantifying-training-load-in-wheelchair-basketball-small-sided-games
#14
Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Asier Los Arcos, Javier Yanci
The aim of the present study was to analyse the training load in wheelchair basketball small-sided games and determine the relationship between heart rate (HR)-based training load and perceived exertion (RPE)-based training load methods among small-sided games bouts. HR-based measurements of training load included Edwards' training load and Stagno's training impulses (TRIMPMOD) while RPE-based training load measurements included cardiopulmonary (session RPEres) and muscular (session RPEmus) values. Data were collected from 12 wheelchair basketball players during five consecutive weeks...
May 23, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192132/physiological-and-perceptual-effects-of-precooling-in-wheelchair-basketball-athletes
#15
Peta Forsyth, Kate Pumpa, Emma Knight, Joanna Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the physiological and perceptual effects of three precooling strategies during pre-exercise rest in athletes with a spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Randomized, counterbalanced. Participants were precooled, then rested for 60 minutes (22.7 ± 0.2°C, 64.2 ± 2.6%RH). SETTING: National Wheelchair Basketball Training Centre, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen wheelchair basketball athletes with a SCI...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015102/short-term-moderate-intensive-high-volume-training-program-provides-aerobic-endurance-benefit-in-wheelchair-basketball-players
#16
Kestutis Skucas, Vaida Pokvytyte
BACKGROUND: was to investigate the effect of short-term period, moderate intensity and high volume endurance training on physiological variables in elite wheelchair basketball players. METHODS: Eight wheelchair basketball players were examined. The subjects participated in a two-week intervention program of mainly two training types: wheelchair basketball and wheelchair driving endurance training. The subjects performed the continuously increasing cycling exercise (CCE) at the constant 60 rpm arm cranking speed at the beginning of the program and after two weeks of the program...
March 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002664/correlates-of-shoulder-pain-in-wheelchair-basketball-players-from-the-japanese-national-team-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Kenji Tsunoda, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kazushi Hotta, Kaori Tachibana, Yukiyo Shimizu, Takashi Fukaya, Eiji Ikeda, Yasuyoshi Wadano
OBJECTIVE: To reveal correlates of shoulder pain in wheelchair basketball players from the Japanese national team. METHODS: Study participants were 19 males (29.7 ± 5.2 years) and 21 females (29.0 ± 8.2 years) players. We assessed shoulder pain using the wheelchair user's shoulder pain index (WUSPI). As potential correlates of shoulder pain, age, ability class, practice time and years of experience in wheelchair basketball were collected. RESULTS: The total WUSPI score for men (16...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976532/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-swiss-elite-wheelchair-athletes
#18
J L Flueck, K Hartmann, M Strupler, C Perret
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of total serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) in Swiss elite wheelchair athletes. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the occurrence of vitamin D deficiency in Swiss elite wheelchair athletes over the whole year and to detect differences between winter and summer months, and between indoor and outdoor athletes. SETTING: This study was conducted in Switzerland. METHODS: A total of 164 blood samples from 72 Swiss elite wheelchair athletes (mean±s...
March 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834884/changes-in-body-composition-and-physical-performance-in-wheelchair-basketball-players-during-a-competitive-season
#19
Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Javier Yanci
The present study analyzed the changes in body composition and physical performance in wheelchair basketball (WB) players during one competitive season. Players from a WB team competing in the first division of the Spanish League (n = 8, age: 26.5 ± 2.9 years, body mass: 79.8 ± 12.6 kg, sitting height: 91.4 ± 4.4 cm) participated in this research. The upper limbs showed a decrease in subcutaneous adipose tissue and there was an improvement in physical abilities such as sprinting with the ball (5 and 20 m), handgrip and aerobic capacity...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606681/physique-and-performance-of-young-wheelchair-basketball-players-in-relation-with-classification
#20
Valentina Cavedon, Carlo Zancanaro, Chiara Milanese
UNLABELLED: The relationships among physical characteristics, performance, and functional ability classification of younger wheelchair basketball players have been barely investigated to date. The purpose of this work was to assess anthropometry, body composition, and performance in sport-specific field tests in a national sample of Italian younger wheelchair basketball players as well as to evaluate the association of these variables with the players' functional ability classification and game-related statistics...
2015: PloS One
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