keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adaptive sports

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690827/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-victorian-institute-of-sport-assessment-achilles-visa-a-questionnaire
#1
Gabriel Nunes de Mesquita, Marcela Nicácio Medeiros de Oliveira, Amanda Ellen Rodrigues Matoso, Alberto Galvão de Moura Filho, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Achilles tendon disorders are very common among athletes and it is important to objectively measure symptoms and functional limitations related to Achilles tendinopathy using outcome measures that have been validated in the language of the target population. Objectives To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and to evaluate the measurement properties of the Brazilian version of the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire. Methods We adapted the VISA-A questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese (VISA-A-Br)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671383/sport-specific-biomechanical-responses-to-an-acl-injury-prevention-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programmes have not been as successful at reducing injury rates in women's basketball as in soccer. This randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02530333) compared biomechanical adaptations in basketball and soccer players during jump-landing activities after an ACL injury prevention programme. Eighty-seven athletes were cluster randomised into intervention (6-week programme) and control groups. Three-dimensional biomechanical analyses of drop vertical jump (DVJ), double- (SAG-DL) and single-leg (SAG-SL) sagittal, and double- (FRONT-DL) and single-leg (FRONT-SL) frontal plane jump landing tasks were tested before and after the intervention...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666559/assessing-performance-in-pre-season-wrestling-athletes-using-biomarkers
#3
Ionas Papassotiriou, Artemissia-Phoebe Nifli
Introduction: Although regular training introduces the desired changes in athletes' metabolism towards optimal final performance, literature is rarely focusing on the metabolic responses off-competition. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate biochemical indices during typical preseason training in wrestling athletes. Materials and methods: Twenty male freestyle and Greco-roman wrestlers (14 to 31 years) followed a typical session of the preparatory phase...
June 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663142/do-we-need-a-cool-down-after-exercise-a-narrative-review-of-the-psychophysiological-effects-and-the-effects-on-performance-injuries-and-the-long-term-adaptive-response
#4
REVIEW
Bas Van Hooren, Jonathan M Peake
It is widely believed that an active cool-down is more effective for promoting post-exercise recovery than a passive cool-down involving no activity. However, research on this topic has never been synthesized and it therefore remains largely unknown whether this belief is correct. This review compares the effects of various types of active cool-downs with passive cool-downs on sports performance, injuries, long-term adaptive responses, and psychophysiological markers of post-exercise recovery. An active cool-down is largely ineffective with respect to enhancing same-day and next-day(s) sports performance, but some beneficial effects on next-day(s) performance have been reported...
April 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663075/comparison-of-running-and-cycling-economy-in-runners-cyclists-and-triathletes
#5
Wannes Swinnen, Shalaya Kipp, Rodger Kram
PURPOSE: Exercise economy is one of the main physiological factors determining performance in endurance sports. Running economy (RE) can be improved with running-specific training, while the improvement of cycling economy (CE) with cycling-specific training is controversial. We investigated whether exercise economy reflects sport-specific skills/adaptations or is determined by overall physiological factors. METHODS: We compared RE and CE in 10 runners, 9 cyclists and 9 triathletes for running at 12 km/h and cycling at 200 W...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662685/adaptation-translation-and-reliability-of-the-australian-juniors-enjoying-cricket-safely-injury-risk-perception-questionnaire-for-sri-lanka
#6
Prasanna J Gamage, Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
Objectives: Cricket is a very popular sport in Sri Lanka. In this setting there has been limited research; specifically, there is little knowledge of cricket injuries. To support future research possibilities, the aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt, translate and test the reliability of an Australian-developed questionnaire for the Sri Lankan context. Methods: The Australian 'Juniors Enjoying Cricket Safely' (JECS-Aus) injury risk perception questionnaire was cross-culturally adapted to suit the Sri Lankan context and subsequently translated into the two main languages (Sinhala and Tamil) based on standard forward-back translation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662460/sensation-seeking-and-adaptation-in-parabonauts
#7
Aurélie Collado, Jean-Philippe Hainaut, Vincent Monfort, Benoît Bolmont
Evidence from extreme environments suggests that there are relationships between difficulties of adaptation and psychological factors such as personality. In the framework of microgravity research on humans, the aim of this exploratory study was to investigate inter-individual differences of parabonauts on the basis of quality of adaptation to the physical demands of parabolic flights. The personality characteristics of two groups of parabonauts with a different quality of adaptation (an Adaptive group, N = 7, and a Maladaptive group, N = 15) were assessed using the Sensation Seeking Scale, Brief COPE, and MSSQ-Short...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627093/engineering-and-technology-in-wheelchair-sport
#8
REVIEW
Rory A Cooper, Yetsa A Tuakli-Wosornu, Geoffrey V Henderson, Eleanor Quinby, Brad E Dicianno, Kalai Tsang, Dan Ding, Rosemarie Cooper, Theresa M Crytzer, Alicia M Koontz, Ian Rice, Adam W Bleakney
Technologies capable of projecting injury and performance metrics to athletes and coaches are being developed. Wheelchair athletes must be cognizant of their upper limb health; therefore, systems must be designed to promote efficient transfer of energy to the handrims and evaluated for simultaneous effects on the upper limbs. This article is brief review of resources that help wheelchair users increase physiologic response to exercise, develop ideas for adaptive workout routines, locate accessible facilities and outdoor areas, and develop wheelchair sports-specific skills...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625533/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-nepali-translation-of-the-patient-specific-functional-scale
#9
Saurab Sharma, Joshna Palanchoke, J Haxby Abbott
Study Design A longitudinal single-arm cohort design. Background The Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) is among the most commonly used measures to assess physical function. Objectives We aimed to translate and cross-culturally validate PSFS to Nepali (PSFS-NP) and further assess its psychometric properties. Methods We translated and cross-culturally adapted the PSFS to Nepali (PSFS-NP) following recommended guidelines. We recruited 104 Nepalese with musculoskeletal pain to assess psychometric properties...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622248/editorial-commentary-we-promis%C3%A2-one-more-patient-reported-outcome-questionnaire
#10
EDITORIAL
Peter D Fabricant
The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a set of powerful computer adaptive patient-reported outcome tools that have the ability to evaluate physical, mental, and social health measures in adults and children. It has recently been implemented for a variety of musculoskeletal conditions, but the psychometric properties of the scores in the setting of orthopaedic sports medicine and arthroscopy are incompletely explored. Determining normative data and responsiveness in cohorts of interest is vital if these measures are to be used to track patient-reported outcomes postoperatively...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620578/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-isprint-a-sport-injury-prevention-program-in-junior-high-schools
#11
Sarah A Richmond, Alex Donaldson, Alison Macpherson, William Bridel, Carla van den Berg, Caroline F Finch, Brent Hagel, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: Sport injury is the leading cause of hospitalization in Canadian youth and represents a high burden to the health care system. This study aims to describe the facilitators and barriers to implementation of a sport injury prevention program in junior high school physical education (known as iSPRINT), previously shown to reduce the risk of sport-related injury in youth (age, 11-15 years). METHODS: Focus group data were mapped onto constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619147/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-hip-disability-and-osteoarthritis-score-into-persian-language-reassessment-of-validity-and-reliability
#12
Alireza Mousavian, Amir Reza Kachooie, Ali Birjandinejad, Masood Khoshsaligheh, Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh
Background: This study aimed Persian translation and validation of the hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS) questionnaire. Methods: The study was carried out in two phases. First, we translated the HOOS according to acceptable guidelines. We assessed HOOS content convergent validity on 203 hip osteoarthritis patients using SF-36. Internal consistency was tested using Cronbach's alpha coefficient if each item removed and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for the assessment of test-retest reproducibility...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609946/exercise-induced-cardiac-remodeling-in-athletes-and-in-special-forces-soldiers
#13
Paulo Dinis, Rogério Teixeira, Hélder Dores, Pedro Correia, Hanna Lekedal, Marie Bergman, Maria Carmo Cachulo, Joaquim Cardoso, Lino Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-induced cardiac remodeling is frequent in athletes. This adaptation is structurally manifested by an increase in cardiac dimensions and mass. Soldiers are also subject to intense physical exercise, although with different characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To compare exercise-induced cardiac remodeling in competitive athletes and in soldiers on a special forces training course. METHODS: We studied 17 soldiers (all male and Caucasian, mean age 21±3 years) who completed a special forces course and 17 basketball players (47...
March 30, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607768/the-dutch-hip-and-groin-outcome-score-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-according-to-the-cosmin-checklist
#14
Igor Tak, Marsha Tijssen, Thijs Schamp, Inger Sierevelt, Kristian Thorborg, Gino Kerkhoffs, Janine Stubbe, Anne-Marie van Beijsterveldt, Daniel Haverkamp
Study Design Clinical measurement. Background The Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS) was developed as a patient-reported outcome measure for young, active individuals with hip and groin pain. Objectives To cross-culturally adapt and validate a Dutch version of the HAGOS. Methods Adaptation and validation were performed according to existing guidelines and the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments checklist. Physically active (Tegner activity score of greater than 2) adults between 18 and 50 years of age with hip and groin pain (numeric pain score of 1 or greater) were included in the study...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601505/a-community-driven-approach-to-generate-urban-policy-recommendations-for-obesity-prevention
#15
Julia Díez, Pedro Gullón, María Sandín Vázquez, Belén Álvarez, María Del Prado Martín, María Urtasun, Maite Gamarra, Joel Gittelsohn, Manuel Franco
There is an increasing research interest in targeting interventions at the neighborhood level to prevent obesity. Healthy urban environments require including residents' perspectives to help understanding how urban environments relate to residents' food choices and physical activity levels. We describe an innovative community-driven process aimed to develop environmental recommendations for obesity prevention. We conducted this study in a low-income area in Madrid (Spain), using a collaborative citizen science approach...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593611/evaluation-and-adaption-of-the-trier-inventory-for-chronic-stress-tics-for-assessment-in-competitive-sports
#16
Jeffrey Sallen, Florian Hirschmann, Christian Herrmann
The demands of a career in competitive sports can lead to chronic stress perception among athletes if there is a non-conformity of requirements and available coping resources. The Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS) (Schulz et al., 2004) is said to be thoroughly validated. Nevertheless, it has not yet been subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis. The present study aims (1) to evaluate the factorial validity of the TICS within the context of competitive sports and (2) to adapt a short version (TICS-36)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29591320/lumbrical-muscle-tear-clinical-presentation-imaging-findings-and-outcome
#17
Christoph Lutter, Andreas Schweizer, Volker Schöffl, Frank Römer, Thomas Bayer
The incidence of lumbrical muscle tear is increasing due to the popularity of climbing sport. We reviewed data from 60 consecutive patients with a positive lumbrical stress test, including clinical examination, ultrasound and clinical outcomes in all patients, and magnetic resonance imaging in 12 patients. Fifty-seven patients were climbers. Lumbrical muscle tears were graded according to the severity of clinical and imaging findings as Grade I-III injuries. Eighteen patients had Grade I injuries (microtrauma), 32 had Grade II injuries (muscle fibre disruption) and 10 had Grade III injuries (musculotendinous disruption)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589215/cellular-glucose-uptake-during-breath-hold-diving-in-experienced-male-breath-hold-divers
#18
Nicola Sponsiello, Danilo Cialoni, Massimo Pieri, Alessandro Marroni
BACKGROUND: The physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms that govern diving, both self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) and breath-hold diving (BH-diving), are in large part well known, even if there are still many unknown aspects, in particular about cell metabolism during BH-diving. The scope of this study was to investigate changes in glycemia, insulinemia, and the catecholamine response to BH-diving, to better understand if the insulin-stimulated glucose uptake mechanism is involved in cellular metabolism in this sport...
March 27, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584523/brain-behavior-mechanisms-for-the-transfer-of-neuromuscular-training-adaptions-to-simulated-sport-initial-findings-from-the-train-the-brain-project
#19
Dustin R Grooms, Adam W Kiefer, Michael A Riley, Jonathan D Ellis, Staci Thomas, Katie Kitchen, Christopher DiCesare, Scott Bonnette, Brooke Gadd, Kim D Barber Foss, Weihong Yuan, Paula Silva, Ryan Galloway, Jed Diekfuss, James Leach, Kate Berz, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT: A limiting factor for reducing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk is ensuring that the movement adaptions made during the prevention program transfer to sport-specific activity. Virtual reality provides a mechanism to assess transferability and neuroimaging provides a means to assay the neural processes allowing for such skill transfer. OBJECTIVE: To determine the neural mechanisms for injury risk reducing biomechanics transfer to sport after ACL injury prevention training...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578385/comparison-of-step-by-step-kinematics-of-resisted-assisted-and-unloaded-20-m-sprint-runs
#20
Roland van den Tillaar, Paul Gamble
This investigation examined step-by-step kinematics of sprint running acceleration. Using a randomised counterbalanced approach, 37 female team handball players (age 17.8 ± 1.6 years, body mass 69.6 ± 9.1 kg, height 1.74 ± 0.06 m) performed resisted, assisted and unloaded 20-m sprints within a single session. 20-m sprint times and step velocity, as well as step length, step frequency, contact and flight times of each step were evaluated for each condition with a laser gun and an infrared mat. Almost all measured parameters were altered for each step under the resisted and assisted sprint conditions (η2  ≥ 0...
March 26, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
keyword
keyword
39503
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"