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Pregnancy health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103309/folate-transporters-in-placentas-from-preterm-newborns-and-their-relation-to-cord-blood-folate-and-vitamin-b12-levels
#1
Erika Castaño, Lorena Caviedes, Sandra Hirsch, Miguel Llanos, Germán Iñiguez, Ana María Ronco
Folate deficiency during pregnancy has been related to low birth weight, preterm (PT) birth and other health risks in the offspring; however, it is unknown whether prematurity is related to low folate transport through the placenta due to altered expression of specific folate transporters. We determined placental expression (mRNA and protein concentrations by RT-qPCR and WB respectively) of specific folate transporters: RFC, PCFT/HCP1 and FOLR1 in chorionic (fetal) and basal (maternal) plates of placentas of PT pregnancies (PT, 32-36 weeks, n = 51)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103153/agreeableness-and-pregnancy-relations-with-coping-and-psychiatric-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-on-spanish-pregnant-women
#2
Cecilia Peñacoba, Laura Rodriguez, Javier Carmona, Dolores Marin
Agreeableness is associated with good mental health during pregnancy. Although different studies have indicated that agreeableness is related to adaptive coping, this relation has scarcely been studied in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to analyze the possible differences between high and low agreeableness in relation to coping strategies and psychiatric symptoms in pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal prospective study between October 2009 and January 2013. Pregnant women (n = 285) were assessed in the first trimester of pregnancy, and 122 of them during the third...
January 19, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103125/opt-out-patient-navigation-to-improve-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-homeless-women
#3
Ramin Asgary, Ramesh Naderi, Juan Wisnivesky
BACKGROUND: A patient navigation model was implemented to improve breast and cervical cancer screening among women who were homeless in five shelters and shelter clinics in New York City in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Navigation consisted of opt-out screening to eligible women; cancer health and screening education; scheduling and following up for screening completion, obtaining, and communicating results to patients and providers; and care coordination with social services organizations...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102854/optimal-gestational-weight-gain-prepregnancy-bmi-specific-influences-on-adverse-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes
#4
A Chen, C Xie, A M Vuong, T Wu, E A DeFranco
OBJECTIVE: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines are based on prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) categories. We intended to refine optimal GWG for each prepregnancy BMI unit in relation to the risk of small- and large-for-gestational-age (SGA and LGA) births, cesarean section (C-section) and infant death. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from 836,841 Ohio birth records from 2006 to 2012, and applied generalized additive models to calculate optimal GWG by prepregnancy BMI unit...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102720/do-racial-differences-exist-in-the-association-between-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-and-breast-cancer-risk
#5
Li-Te Lin, Li-Yu Hu, Pei-Ling Tang, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Jiin-Tsuey Cheng, Wei-Chun Huang, Hong-Tai Chang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies investigating the relationship between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and breast cancer risk have yielded inconsistent results. Unlike numerous Western studies, studies have reported that PIH may be a risk factor for breast cancer in Western Asian women. To confirm these results, we designed a retrospective population-based cohort study to assess the relationship between PIH and subsequent risk for breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PIH were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), and a 1:4 matched cohort of women without PIH based on age and the year of delivery was randomly selected from the same database as the comparison group...
January 19, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101997/the-ecology-of-anemia-anemia-prevalence-and-correlated-factors-in-adult-indigenous-women-in-argentina
#6
Laura G Goetz, Claudia Valeggia
OBJECTIVES: The Toba/Qom of Namqom are an indigenous community native to the Gran Chaco region of northern Argentina. Historically seminomadic foragers, the diet of peri-urban community members has rapidly changed from high-protein, high-fiber to hypercaloric, processed. This study aims to understand the impact of this nutritional transition on aspects of women's health by exploring the relationship between prevalence of anemia and current diet composition, place of birth, and reproductive history...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101759/trends-in-modification-of-smoking-behaviors-among-pregnant-women-in-west-virginia
#7
Ilana R Azulay Chertok, Zelalem T Haile
Background Rates of smoking among pregnant women in West Virginia are higher than national prenatal smoking rates. Recent research has pointed to the benefit of smoking reduction among a sample of pregnant women who participated in a clinical study in West Virginia. The purpose of the current study is to examine trends associated with reduced smoking exposure among a representative sample of pregnant women in the state. Method Secondary data analysis was conducted using de-identified weighted PRAMS 2005-2010 data from West Virginia examining factors associated with favorable change in prenatal smoking behavior, either quitting or reducing smoking in pregnancy...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101618/-neurological-and-psychiatric-journals-during-the-third-reich-national-socialistic-and-racist-contents
#8
D Claus
The aim of this study was to investigate scientific articles in three German journals for national socialist and racist contents. The three journals evaluated for the period of the Third Reich were the Der Nervenarzt, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Nervenheilkunde and the Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten. The specialist disciplines of neurology and psychiatry were united in the year 1935 and Ernst Rüdin, a neurological geneticist, was appointed as president (Reichsleiter) of the society. The universal idea of a degenerative development, which was believed to exert a negative influence on public health, was widely accepted in this time period; therefore, in some articles measures were called for, such as termination of pregnancy, sterilization and castration of diseased people and also of criminals...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101373/optimizing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-with-postpartum-contraception-impact-on-breastfeeding-and-birth-spacing
#9
REVIEW
Aparna Sridhar, Jennifer Salcedo
Postpartum contraception is important to prevent unintended pregnancies. Assisting women in achieving recommended inter-pregnancy intervals is a significant maternal-child health concern. Short inter-pregnancy intervals are associated with negative perinatal, neonatal, infant, and maternal health outcomes. More than 30% of women experience inter-pregnancy intervals of less than 18 months in the United States. Provision of any contraceptive method after giving birth is associated with improved inter-pregnancy intervals...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101117/maternal-mortality-ratio-and-causes-of-death-in-iri-between-2009-and-2012
#10
Marzieh Vahiddastjerdy, Nasrin Changizi, Abas Habibollahi, Leila Janani, Zahra Farahani, Farah Babaee
Objective: The Maternal Mortality Ratio is an important health indicator. We presented the distribution and causes of maternal mortality in Islamic Republic of Iran. Materials and methods: After provision of an electronic Registry system for date entry, a descriptive-retrospective data collection had been performed for all maternal Deaths in March 2009- March 2012. All maternal deaths and their demographic characteristic were identified by using medical registries, death certificates, and relevant codes according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) during pregnancy, labor, and 42 days after parturition...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100441/assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-app-based-method-of-family-planning-the-dot-study-protocol
#11
Rebecca G Simmons, Dominick C Shattuck, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: Some 222 million women worldwide have unmet needs for contraception; they want to avoid pregnancy, but are not using a contraceptive method, primarily because of concerns about side effects associated with most available methods. Expanding contraceptive options-particularly fertility awareness options that provide women with information about which days during their menstrual cycles they are likely to become pregnant if they have unprotected intercourse-has the potential to reduce unmet need...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100192/design-and-rationale-of-a-large-international-prospective-cohort-study-to-evaluate-the-occurrence-of-malformations-and-perinatal-neonatal-death-using-insulin-detemir-in-pregnant-women-with-diabetes-in-comparison-with-other-long-acting-insulins
#12
Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Henning Andersen, Sofia I I Kring, Peter Damm
BACKGROUND: There are a lack of data regarding the effect of basal insulin analogues on rates of events like congenital malformation and perinatal mortality in diabetic pregnancy. METHODS: The present study is a prospective, non-interventional, multicentre cohort study conducted in seven countries, designed to assess the safety of insulin detemir during pregnancy, and to monitor the health status of resulting infants (exposed in utero) up to 1 year of age. The study population includes women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, who are pregnant and being treated with insulin...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100181/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-retinal-microvasculature
#13
Ling-Jun Li, Michael Kramer, Robyn J Tapp, Ryan E K Man, Ngee Lek, Shirong Cai, Fabian Yap, Peter Gluckman, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Jia Yu Koh, Seang Mei Saw, Yin Bun Cheung, Tien Yin Wong
BACKGROUND: Small-vessel dysfunction may be an important consequence of chronic hyperglycemia. We examined the association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a state of transient hyperglycemia during pregnancy, and retinal microvascular changes in pregnant women at 26-28 weeks of pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 1136 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies were recruited during their first trimester at two major Singapore maternity hospitals in an on-going birth cohort study...
January 18, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100175/do-experiences-with-pregnancy-birth-and-postnatal-care-in-norway-vary-by-the-women-s-geographic-origin-a-comparison-of-cross-sectional-survey-results
#14
Ingeborg S Sjetne, Hilde H Iversen
BACKGROUND: A national survey was conducted to measure and benchmark women's experiences with pregnancy, birth and postnatal care in Norway. The purpose of this secondary analysis is to explore potential variation in these experiences with regard to the survey respondents' geographic origin. METHODS: Data were collected in a national observational cross-sectional study, by a self-administered questionnaire and from registries. The questionnaire collects patient reported experience measures (PREMS) of mainly nontechnical aspects of the health-care services...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100121/effects-of-bovine-pregnancy-on-the-fatty-acid-composition-of-milk-significance-for-humans-needs
#15
R Barreiro, P Regal, M Díaz-Bao, B I Vázquez, A Cepeda
Milk from forty Holstein dairy cows (twenty pregnant and twenty non-pregnant) was collected from two different farms in Galicia (Spain). The differences in the fatty acid composition of two groups of cows (pregnant and non-pregnant) was studied to determine whether pregnancy status is a determinant factor that can alter the fatty acid profile of milk. Gas-chromatography (GC) coupled to flame ionization detection (FID) was used for determination of the fatty acids. Difference in the milk fatty acids between pregnant and non-pregnant cows were pronounced showing statistically significant differences for some fatty acids and the total saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids...
January 19, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099731/provision-of-harm-reduction-services-to-limit-unsafe-abortion-in-tanzania
#16
Catherine Kahabuka, Andrea Pembe, Alejandra Meglioli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of providing harm-reduction services to reduce unsafe abortion in Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 women who received harm-reduction counseling at a public health center in Dar es Salaam between February 10 and October 10, 2014. Background and clinical information was collected for all women; a subgroup (n=50) undertook a semi-structured survey that measured the type of services women received, women's perception of the services, and pregnancy outcome...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099486/do-thai-physicians-recommend-seasonal-influenza-vaccines-to-pregnant-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-perspectives-and-practices-in-thailand
#17
Prabda Praphasiri, Darunee Ditsungneon, Adena Greenbaum, Fatimah S Dawood, Pornsak Yoocharoen, Deborah M Stone, Sonja J Olsen, Kim A Lindblade, Charung Muangchana
BACKGROUND: Physicians play a major role in influencing acceptance and uptake of vaccines. However, little is known about physicians' perspectives on influenza vaccination of pregnant women in Thailand, for whom vaccine coverage is estimated at <1%. METHOD: In 2013, a self-administered questionnaire on physicians' perceptions, attitudes and practices related to influenza vaccination for pregnant women was distributed to 1,134 hospitals with an antenatal care clinic (ANC) in Thailand...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098674/diethylstilbestrol-potential-health-risks-for-women-exposed-in-utero-and-their-offspring
#18
J Leocadia Conlon
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a synthetic estrogen given to pregnant women to prevent miscarriages and preterm labor; the drug was used between 1941 and 1971 in the United States and into the 1980s in other countries. DES exposure is associated with significant long-term health effects, including increased risk for breast cancer, cervical and vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma, reproductive tract abnormalities, infertility, poor pregnancy outcomes, and early menopause. This article reviews the potential health risks associated with DES exposure, how to assess which patients are at risk, and management recommendations for patients exposed to DES...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096641/assessment-of-periodontal-health-status-in-postmenopausal-women-visiting-dental-hospital-from-in-and-around-meerut-city-cross-sectional-observational-study
#19
D Deepa, Gazal Jain
BACKGROUND: Puberty, menses, pregnancy, and menopause are the different phases of a woman's life which have a varied influence on oral health. During the menopause, women go through biological and endocrine changes, particularly in their sex steroid hormone production which affects their health. Because the oral mucosa contains estrogen receptors, variations in hormone levels can be seen directly in the oral cavity leading to a few oral conditions and diseases seen more frequently during postmenopausal years...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#20
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
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