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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457498/factors-associated-with-maternal-depression-in-the-maldives-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
R Abdul Raheem, Hui J Chih, Colin W Binns
The aim of the study was to document perinatal depression in mothers in the Maldives and associated factors. A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the 2 major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives, and followed from 36 weeks of pregnancy to 3 months after birth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depression. Maternal sociodemographic factors and infant's health were also recorded. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (EPDS score ≥13) at 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum were 24%, 27%, and 12%, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457367/sperm-morphological-normality-under-high-magnification-is-correlated-to-male-infertility-and-predicts-embryo-development
#2
B F Zanetti, D P A F Braga, R R Provenza, R C S Figueira, A Iaconelli, E Borges
Human sperm morphology has been described as an essential parameter for the diagnosis of male infertility and a prognostic indicator of natural or assisted pregnancies. Nevertheless, standard morphological assessment remains a subjective analysis and its impact on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is also of limited value. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to investigate whether motile sperm organelle morphology examination (MSOME) can improve semen analysis by better defining male infertility and providing a better prognosis for ICSI up to a year later...
February 18, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457243/raising-the-stakes-for-nondiscrimination-protections-in-the-aca
#3
Kristen Underhill
In the struggle over the durability of the Affordable Care Act, defenders of the ACA stand guard at many fronts. A major contribution of the ACA to nondiscrimination law, however, appears increasingly vulnerable. The ACA established significant new nondiscrimination protections for patients under section 1557 and its implementing regulations. Several of these regulations-including protections on the basis of gender identity and pregnancy termination-are now under reconsideration at the Department of Health and Human Services, after a nationwide injunction lasting almost a year...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456824/a-brief-review-on-features-of-falciparum-malaria-during-pregnancy
#4
Alexandre Manirakiza, Eugène Serdouma, Richard Norbert Ngbalé, Sandrine Moussa, Samuel Gondjé, Rock Mbetid Degana, Gislain Géraud Banthas Bata, Jean Methode Moyen, Jean Delmont, Gérard Grésenguet, Abdoulaye Sepou
Malaria in pregnancy is a serious public health problem in tropical areas. Frequently, the placenta is infected by accumulation of Plasmodium falciparum- infected erythrocytes in the intervillous space. Falciparum malaria acts during pregnancy by a range of mechanisms, and chronic or repeated infection and co-infections have insidious effects. The susceptibility of pregnant women to malaria is due to both immunological and humoral changes. Until a malaria vaccine becomes available, the deleterious effects of malaria in pregnancy can be avoided by protection against infection and prompt treatment with safe, effective antimalarial agents; however, concurrent infections such as with HIV and helminths during pregnancy are jeopardizing malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455723/addressing-a-critical-gap-in-u-s-national-teen-pregnancy-prevention-programs-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-father-based-sexual-and-reproductive-health-interventions-for-latino-adolescent-males
#5
Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Alex S Bowman, Diane Santa Maria, Francesca Kabemba, Yoyce Geronimo
PURPOSE: The purpose of the research was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a father-based sexual and reproductive health intervention designed to reduce sexual and reproductive (SRH) disparities and increase correct and consistent condom use among Latino adolescent males. METHODS: The current study conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with Latino father-son dyads (N=30) designed to elicit perspectives on communication regarding sex and condom use...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455722/computer-assisted-motivational-interviewing-intervention-to-facilitate-teen-pregnancy-prevention-and-fitness-behavior-changes-a-randomized-trial-for-young-men
#6
David L Bell, Samantha Garbers, Marina Catallozzi, R Stanley Hum, Meredith Nechitilo, Ian W McKeague, Emilia H Koumans, L Duane House, Susan L Rosenthal, Melanie A Gold
PURPOSE: Despite recent declines, teen unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in the United States remain at levels higher than comparable nations. Initiatives to prevent teen pregnancy have focused primarily on female adolescents; how to effectively engage young men to reduce their risk of fathering a teen pregnancy has not been well studied. We proposed to adapt an innovative computer-assisted motivational interviewing (CAMI) intervention, originally designed and tested with young women, for use with young men, aged 15-24 years, to reduce their risk of fathering a teen pregnancy...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455706/review-the-potential-of-seminal-fluid-mediated-paternal-maternal-communication-to-optimise-pregnancy-success
#7
J J Bromfield
Artificial insemination has been a landmark procedure in improving animal agriculture over the past 150 years. The utility of artificial insemination has facilitated a rapid improvement in animal genetics across agricultural species, leading to improvements of growth, health and productivity in poultry, swine, equine and cattle species. The utility of artificial insemination, as with all assisted reproductive technologies side-steps thousands of years of evolution that has led to the development of physiological systems to ensure the transmission of genetics from generation to generation...
February 19, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455582/nonvisualization-of-fetal-gallbladder-in-microarray-era-a-retrospective-cohort-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Sagi-Dain Lena, Singer Amihood, Yarin Hadid, Sharony Reuven, Chana Vinkler, Bar-Shira Anat, Reeval Segel, Ben Shachar Shay, Maya Idit
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of abnormal Chromosomal Microarray (CMA) analyses among fetuses with isolated nonvisualization of fetal gallbladder. METHODS: Data from CMA analyses performed due to isolated nonvisualization of fetal gallbladder between January 2013 and September 2016 were retrospectively acquired from a computerized database of the Israeli Ministry of Health. The results were compared to the rate for clinically significant CMA findings in general population, based on a large cohort of 5541 pregnancies undergoing CMA due to maternal request, and a systematic review of 9272 cases with normal ultrasound...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455384/novel-interventions-to-reduce-stress-and-overeating-in-overweight-pregnant-women-a-feasibility-study
#9
B A Laraia, N E Adler, K Coleman-Phox, C Vieten, L Mellin, J L Kristeller, M Thomas, N E Stotland, R H Lustig, M F Dallman, F M Hecht, N R Bush, C L de Groat, E Epel
Background High stress and depression during pregnancy are risk factors for worsened health trajectories for both mother and offspring. This is also true for pre-pregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain. Reducing stress and depression may be one path to prevent excessive caloric intake and gestational weight gain. Study Purpose We tested the feasibility of two novel interventions aimed at reducing stress and overeating during pregnancy. Reflecting different theoretical underpinnings, the interventions target different mechanisms...
February 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455383/healthcare-experiences-of-low-income-women-with-prior-gestational-diabetes
#10
Reena Oza-Frank, Elizabeth Conrey, Jo Bouchard, Cynthia Shellhaas, Mary Beth Weber
Introduction An important yet understudied component of postpartum type 2 diabetes risk reduction among high risk women is experiences with the healthcare system. Our objective was to describe the healthcare experiences of a diverse, low-income sample of women with prior GDM, including their suggestions for improving care. Methods Focus groups were conducted among African American, Hispanic, and Appalachian women who were diagnosed with GDM within the past 10 years. Participants were recruited from community and medical resources...
February 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455210/what-we-do-and-do-not-know-about-women-and-kidney-diseases-questions-unanswered-and-answers-unquestioned-reflection-on-world-kidney-day-and-international-women-s-day
#11
Giorgina B Piccoli, Mona Alrukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, Elena Zakharova, Adeera Levin
Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically their kidney health, on the community and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454245/associations-of-household-renovation-materials-and-periods-with-childhood-asthma-in-china-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Jialing Zhang, Chanjuan Sun, Wei Liu, Zhijun Zou, Yinping Zhang, Baizhan Li, Zhuohui Zhao, Qihong Deng, Xu Yang, Xin Zhang, Hua Qian, Yuexia Sun, Jan Sundell, Chen Huang
BACKGROUND: Childhood asthma is prevalent in China. However, there is a lack of evidence on whether household renovation, including the materials used and the periods, are associated with the disease. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between household decoration materials and renovation periods, and childhood asthma and its related symptoms. METHODS: During 2010-2012, a retrospective cohort study was initiated in seven cities of China, and 40,010 children, aged 3-6 years, were recruited...
February 14, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454243/health-inequities-faced-by-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-in-lebanon
#13
Bina Fernandez
This paper investigates the healthcare needs, access to healthcare, and healthcare strategies of Ethiopian migrant domestic workers (MDWs) in Lebanon, drawing on qualitative empirical research. The analysis focusses on four types of health care needs: minor illnesses, pregnancies, serious illnesses (such as cancer, tuberculosis or heart problems), and emergencies (due to accidents, suicide attempts or assaults). Predictably, access to healthcare is distinctly differentiated according to an MDW's status as a documented, freelancer, or undocumented worker...
February 14, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453927/effect-of-prenatal-recommendations-of-traditional-persian-medicine-on-obstetric-outcomes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Mansoor Keshavarz, Maryam Kashanian, Soodabeh Bioos, Yasaman Vazani
wufjhjdkf Background Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system that provides suggestions to improve the health of mothers and children during pregnancy and labor. Persian physicians believed that these instructions made labor easier, safer, and less painful. Methods The present randomized clinical trial was conducted among women at 33-38 weeks of pregnancy in Tehran, Iran. TPM instructions consisted of diet, bathing, and application of oil from the 38th week of pregnancy to the onset of labor...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#15
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453792/impact-of-tsh-during-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-on-obstetric-and-fetal-complications-usefulness-of-2-5-miu-l-cut-off-value
#16
Marta Hernández, Carolina López, Berta Soldevila, Laura Cecenarro, María Martínez-Barahona, Elisabet Palomera, Ferran Rius, Albert Lecube, Maria José Pelegay, Jordi García, Dídac Mauricio, Manel Puig Domingo
OBJECTIVE: An association of pregnancy outcomes with subclinical hypothyroidism has been reported, however there still exists a strong controversy regarding whether subclinical hypothyroidism ought to be dealt with or not. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association of fetal-maternal complications with first trimester maternal TSH values. DESIGN: A retrospective study in a single tertiary care hospital was performed. PATIENTS: 1981 pregnant women were studied during 2012...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452915/effect-of-male-body-mass-index-on-assisted-reproduction-treatment-outcome-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Rabia Mushtaq, Jyotsna Pundir, Chiara Achilli, Osama Naji, Yacoub Khalaf, Tarek El-Toukhy
Men with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over are more likely to have reduced fertility and fecundity rates. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the effect of male BMI on IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome. An electronic search for published literature was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE between 1966 and November 2016. Outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) and live birth rates (LBR) per IVF or ICSI cycle. Eleven studies were identified, including 14,372 cycles; nine reported CPR and seven reported LBR...
February 2, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452892/association-of-breastfeeding-duration-with-dyslipidemia-in-women-aged-over-20-years-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2014
#18
Sunyoung Cho, Euna Han
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia, particularly hypercholesterolemia, has been reported to increase after pregnancy and menopause in Korea. This suggests the importance of the management of dyslipidemia in women for preventing cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of breastfeeding with 5 subtypes of dyslipidemia in Korean women aged over 20 years, by using the nationally representative Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2014...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452778/reproductive-history-and-physical-functioning-in-midlife-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#19
Emily W Harville, Wei Chen, Jack Guralnik, Lydia A Bazzano
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between reproductive history, pregnancy complications, and later physical function. STUDY DESIGN: The Bogalusa Heart Study is a long-running study of cardiovascular health in a semirural community. 761 women were interviewed about their pregnancy history and complications, and underwent tests of physical function. Logistic models for dichotomous outcomes and linear models for continuous outcomes were used, adjusted for covariates...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452718/health-policies-for-the-reduction-of-obstetric-interventions-in-singleton-full-term-births-in-catalonia
#20
Maria-Jesus Pueyo, Ramon Escuriet, M Pérez-Botella, I de Molina, D Ruíz-Berdun, S Albert, S Díaz, P Torres-Capcha, V Ortún
AIM: To explore the effect of hospital's characteristics in the proportion of obstetric interventions (OI) performed in singleton fullterm births (SFTB) in Catalonia (2010-2014), while incentives were employed to reduce C-sections. METHODS: Data about SFTB assisted at 42 public hospitals were extracted from the dataset of hospital discharges. Hospitals were classified according to the level of complexity, the volume of births attended, and the adoption of a non-medicalized delivery (NMD) strategy...
February 10, 2018: Health Policy
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