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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822646/the-crucial-role-of-maternal-care-providers-as-vaccinators-for-pregnant-women
#1
Maria Luz Vilca, Susanna Esposito
Vaccination during pregnancy is increasingly being recognised internationally a useful means of preventing illness in pregnant women and their newborns. It has been used since the 1960s, when it was found that tetanus vaccine was highly effective in preventing neonatal tetanus, but interest has greatly increased over the last few years. As new data become available showing the numerous benefits of maternal immunisation and its potential for improving maternal and neonatal health in relation to a number of infectious conditions, it is being increasingly incorporated into the national vaccination programmes around the world...
August 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822238/the-environmental-injustice-of-beauty-framing-chemical%C3%A2-exposures-from-beauty-products-as-a-health%C3%A2-disparities-concern
#2
Ami R Zota, Bhavna Shamasunder
The obstetrics-gynecology community has issued a call to action to prevent toxic environmental chemical exposures and their threats to healthy human reproduction. Recent committee opinions recognize that vulnerable and underserved women may be impacted disproportionately by environmental chemical exposures and recommend that reproductive health professionals champion policies that secure environmental justice. Beauty product use is an understudied source of environmental chemical exposures. Beauty products can include reproductive and developmental toxicants such as phthalates and heavy metals; however, disclosure requirements are limited and inconsistent...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821530/whisper-or-shout-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-mhealth-sexual-reproductive-health-and-nutrition-interventions-among-female-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya
#3
Frances H Ampt, Collins Mudogo, Peter Gichangi, Megan S C Lim, Griffins Manguro, Matthew Chersich, Walter Jaoko, Marleen Temmerman, Marilyn Laini, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Mark Stoové, Paul A Agius, Margaret Hellard, Kelly L'Engle, Stanley Luchters
INTRODUCTION: New interventions are required to reduce unintended pregnancies among female sex workers (FSWs) in low- and middle-income countries and to improve their nutritional health. Given sex workers' high mobile phone usage, repeated exposure to short messaging service (SMS) messages could address individual and interpersonal barriers to contraceptive uptake and better nutrition. METHODS: In this two-arm cluster randomised trial, each arm constitutes an equal-attention control group for the other...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#4
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819946/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-pregnancy
#5
Anna Małgorzata Maliszewska, Aleksandra Warska, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) comprising Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), and IBD-unclassified (IBD-U) may appear at any age. As such, IBD commonly affects young patients in their reproductive age. Rate of voluntary childlessness among women with IBD far exceed that of the general population, as patients with IBD fear not only the effect of pregnancy on the course of inflammatory bowel disease, but also the increased risk of the offspring developing the disease, adverse pregnancy outcomes, the effect IBD treatment may have on the health and development of the infant or the risk of relapse during pregnancy and the influence of lactation on child development and disease course...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819907/weight-and-eating-concerns-in-women-s-reproductive-health
#6
REVIEW
Courtney McCuen-Wurst, Elizabeth Culnan, Nicole L Stewart, Kelly C Allison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women's weight status affects their reproductive functioning, and, likewise, women's lifetime weight trajectories are influenced by reproductive events. We examine the relationship between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), pregnancy, the postpartum period, and gynecological cancers with weight, body image, and other psychiatric issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Women with overweight or obesity are at higher risk for PCOS, and the mood and anxiety symptoms often comorbid with PCOS are linked to weight as well as the core symptoms of the disorder...
August 18, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818820/opportunities-of-mhealth-in-preconception-care-preferences-and-experiences-of-patients-and-health-care-providers-and-other-involved-professionals
#7
Matthijs R Van Dijk, Maria Ph Koster, Ageeth N Rosman, Regine Pm Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: The importance of the preconception period and preconception care (PCC) are broadly acknowledged and the potential benefits regarding health promotion have been studied extensively. PCC provides the opportunity to identify, prevent, and treat modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors to optimize the health of couples trying to become pregnant. The prevalence of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors in these couples is high, but the uptake of PCC remains low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the preferences and experiences of women and men (patients) trying to become pregnant and of health care providers and other involved professionals regarding mobile health (mHealth), in particular the coaching platform Smarter Pregnancy, and its potential role in PCC...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818159/effects-of-iron-administration-on-the-diameter-of-cells-of-growth-cartilage-of-rat-pups-during-pregnancy
#8
Faiza Umbreen, Khadija Qamar, Sadia Shaukat, Amna Tasawar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of oral iron administration on pregnant rats on the diameter of cells of growth plate of rat pups. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Anatomy Department, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi in collaboration with National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad from March to November 2016. METHODOLOGY: Group Acontaining 8 pregnant rats was control group, and group B containing same number of pregnant rats was the study group...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818086/mediterranean-diet-folic-acid-and-neural-tube-defects
#9
REVIEW
Maximilian Fischer, Mauro Stronati, Marcello Lanari
The Mediterranean diet has been for a very long time the basis of food habits all over the countries of the Mediterranean basin, originally founded on rural models and low consumption of meat products and high-fat/high-processed foods. However, in the modern era, the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern is now progressively eroding due to the widespread dissemination of the Western-type economy, life-style, technology-driven culture, as well as the globalisation of food production, availability and consumption, with consequent homogenisation of food culture and behaviours...
August 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818071/completeness-of-malaria-indicator-data-reporting-via-the-district-health-information-software-2-in-kenya-2011-2015
#10
Sophie Githinji, Robinson Oyando, Josephine Malinga, Waqo Ejersa, David Soti, Josea Rono, Robert W Snow, Ann M Buff, Abdisalan M Noor
BACKGROUND: Health facility-based data reported through routine health information systems form the primary data source for programmatic monitoring and evaluation in most developing countries. The adoption of District Health Information Software (DHIS2) has contributed to improved availability of routine health facility-based data in many low-income countries. An assessment of malaria indicators data reported by health facilities in Kenya during the first 5 years of implementation of DHIS2, from January 2011 to December 2015, was conducted...
August 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816860/management-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-pregnancy
#11
Jie Li, Matthew S Chang, Tram T Tran, Mindie H Nguyen
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection due to mother-to-child transmission during the perinatal period remains an important global health problem. Despite standard passive-active immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B immunoglobulin and hepatitis B vaccine in neonates, up to 8.5% of newborns still acquire HBV infection. Thus, management of chronic HBV during pregnancy and strategies to prevent mother-to-child transmission are important steps in eradicating or reducing the global burden of chronic HBV infection...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816612/protecting-pregnant-workers-while-fighting-sexism-work-pregnancy-balance-and-pregnant-nurses-resistance-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-hospitalsprot%C3%A3-ger-les-travailleuses-enceintes-en-luttant-contre-le-sexisme-%C3%A3-quilibre-travail-grossesse-et-r%C3%A3-sistance-d-infirmi%C3%A3-res-enceintes
#12
Anne Renée Gravel, Jessica Riel, Karen Messing
Women's workplaces should guarantee healthy pregnancies while supporting pregnant women as workers. In Québec (Canada), a pregnant worker exposed to a "danger" for herself or her fetus may ask her employer to be reassigned to other work appropriate to her skills. This approach differs from other regulatory contexts in North America in that protection of fetal and maternal health is embedded in the health and safety legislation. The advantage is that the pregnant worker is guaranteed access to her full salary, but some may question whether specific provisions for pregnant women single out such women and produce risks for their careers or, conversely, pregnancy should receive even more special consideration...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816556/maternal-mortality-in-the-last-triennium-of-the-millennium-development-goal-era-at-the-obafemi-awolowo-university-teaching-hospitals-complex-ile-ife-nigeria
#13
Ibraheem Olayemi Awowole, Olusegun Olalekan Badejoko, Oluwafemi Kuti, Omotade Adebimpe Ijarotimi, Oluwaseun Oludotun Sowemimo, Ifeoluwa Emmanuel Ogunduyile
The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of Nigeria remains high. This retrospective study aims to suggest evidence-based strategies towards achieving the sustainable development goal target 3.1 at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital (OAUTHC), Nigeria by providing contemporary data on MMR between October 2012 and September 2015. There were 86 maternal deaths and 5243 live births over the triennium, with annual MMRs of 1744, 1622 and 1512/100,000 live births, respectively. Fifty-six (65.2%) were postpartum deaths, while 44 (51...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815922/the-pregnancy-in-neurofibromatosis-1-a-retrospective-register-based-total-population-study
#14
Jussi Leppävirta, Roope A Kallionpää, Elina Uusitalo, Tero Vahlberg, Minna Pöyhönen, Susanna Timonen, Juha Peltonen, Sirkku Peltonen
The objective of this retrospective total population study was to form a view of the pregnancies of the patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). A cohort of 1,410 Finnish patients with NF1 was acquired by searching NF1-related inpatient and outpatient hospital visits and confirming the diagnoses by reviewing the medical records. Ten matched control persons per patient with NF1 were collected from Population Register Centre. Study persons were linked to data from Medical Birth Register and Care Register for Health Care through the personal identity code...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815662/risks-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-after-repeat-terminations-of-pregnancy-by-their-methods-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study-in-finland-1996-2013
#15
S Kc, M Gissler, S M Virtanen, R Klemetti
BACKGROUND: Repeat terminations of pregnancy (TOPs) are associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes in the subsequent birth. The perinatal outcomes after repeat TOPs by their methods have not yet been properly studied. This study aimed to examine perinatal outcomes in subsequent pregnancy among the women with a singleton birth and a history of TOPs. METHODS: All the first-time mothers (n = 419 879) with a singleton birth during 1996-2013 in Finland were identified from the Medical Birth Register and linked to the Abortion Register...
August 16, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814982/cord-blood-dna-methylation-and-adiposity-measures-in-early-and-mid-childhood
#16
Jacob K Kresovich, Yinan Zheng, Andres Cardenas, Brian T Joyce, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Matthew W Gillman, Marie-France Hivert, Andrea A Baccarelli, Lifang Hou
BACKGROUND: Excess adiposity in childhood is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. As this condition is difficult to treat once present, identification of risk early in life can help inform and implement strategies to prevent the onset of the condition. We performed an epigenome-wide association study to prospectively investigate the relationship between cord blood DNA methylation and adiposity measurements in childhood. METHODS: We measured genome-wide DNA methylation from 478 children in cord blood and measured overall and central adiposity via skinfold caliper measurements in early (range 3...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812192/safety-of-vaccination-against-brucellosis-with-the-rough-strain-in-pregnant-cattle
#17
Adriana Agostini Barbosa, Ana Cristina Silva Figueiredo, Miller Pereira Palhao, Joao Henrique Moreira Viana, Carlos Antonio Carvalho Fernandes
Brucellosis is an infectious and contagious disease that profoundly impacts public health. However, in many countries, disease prevention is restricted to the vaccination of calves, and there is no prophylactic strategy for pregnant heifers and cows. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of the rough strain vaccine against brucellosis in pregnant cattle. Crossbred cows (N = 96) at three gestational periods (early, mid, or late pregnancy) were randomly allocated into the vaccine treatment group or to the control group...
August 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811893/knowledge-of-obstetric-danger-signs-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-health-facilities-of-yirgacheffe-town-gedeo-zone-southern-ethiopia
#18
Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu, Yadeshi Demisse Siyoum
BACKGROUND: Obstetric danger signs are not the literal obstetric complications, merely symptoms that are well named by non-clinical personnel. The identification of these danger signs and its relation with complications during pregnancy would increase the capacity of women, their partners and families to seek for timely health care, following the appropriate steps to insure a safe birth and post-partum. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of obstetric danger signs and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Yirgacheffe town, Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811862/allergic-profiles-of-mothers-and-fathers-in-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-study
#19
Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Limin Yang, Kazue Ishitsuka, Tadayuki Ayabe, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Mizuho Konishi, Testsuo Shoda, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a nationwide, multicenter, prospective birth cohort investigation launched by the Ministry of Environment in Japan. The purpose of the JECS is to evaluate the influence of prenatal and postnatal exposures to environmental factors on the postnatal health of the children. In this study, we evaluated the allergic characteristics of parents within the JECS cohort. METHODS: This study covered a wide geographical area and encompassed 15 regional centers...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811855/impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident-on-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-fukushima-prefecture-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#20
Masako Hayashi, Keiya Fujimori, Seiji Yasumura, Akihito Nakai
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidences and obstetric outcomes of women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures in Fukushima Prefecture before and after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. METHODS: Information was collected and analyzed from 12,070 women who conceived with or without ART in Fukushima Prefecture during the 9 months before and after the disaster. RESULTS: During the 9 months before and after the disaster, 138 (2...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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