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Pregnancy health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218019/dietary-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-late-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depressive-symptom-among-japanese-women
#1
Minatsu Kobayashi, Kohei Ogawa, Naho Morisaki, Yukako Tani, Reiko Horikawa, Takeo Fujiwara
Background: The use of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFA) in preventive or therapeutic modalities for postpartum depression, especially long-chain types such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and a docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is of considerable interest. High n-3PUFA consumption has been reported among pregnant Japanese women. Therefore, analysis of this group could provide important insights into the relationship between postpartum depression and dietary n-3PUFA consumption. To further examine the relationship between the risk of postpartum depression and n-3PUFA consumption, we conducted a prospective hospital-based birth cohort study in Japan...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217937/are-past-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-currently-pregnant-women
#2
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Rosa Alati, Steve Kisely, Jake Moses Najman
Background: There has been a great deal of concern about the mental health of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, termination of a pregnancy (ToP), child death or where a child has been given up for adoption. Despite this concern there has been remarkably little population-based research which has addressed the long-term consequences of pregnancy loss and child death. This study investigated the maternal mental health consequences of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, ToP, child death or where a child has been given up for adoption at two different time points, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and baseline mental health...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217695/harmonizing-methods-for-estimating-the-impact-of-contraceptive-use-on-unintended-pregnancy-abortion-and-maternal-health
#3
Ian Askew, Michelle Weinberger, Aisha Dasgupta, Jacqueline Darroch, Ellen Smith, John Stover, Melanie Yahner
Estimates of the potential impacts of contraceptive use on averting unintended pregnancies, total and unsafe abortions, maternal deaths, and newborn, infant, and child deaths provide evidence of the value of investments in family planning programs and thus are critically important for policy makers, donors, and advocates alike. Several research teams have independently developed mathematical models that estimate the number of adverse health outcomes averted due to contraceptive use. However, each modeling approach was designed for different purposes, and as such the methodological assumptions, data inputs, and mathematical algorithms initially used in each model differed; consequently, the models did not produce comparable estimates for the same outcome indicators...
December 7, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#4
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217467/why-should-we-measure-free-25-oh-vitamin-d
#5
REVIEW
Oleg Tsuprykov, Xin Chen, Carl-Friedrich Hocher, LianghongYin, Berthold Hocher
Vitamin D, either in its D2 or D3 form, is essential for normal human development during intrauterine life, kidney function and bone health. Vitamin D deficiency has also been linked to cancer development and some autoimmune diseases. Given this huge impact of vitamin D on human health, it is important for daily clinical practice and clinical research to have reliable tools to judge on the vitamin D status. The major circulating form of vitamin D3 is 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D), although is not the most active metabolite, the concentrations of total 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 in the serum are currently routinely used in clinical practice to assess vitamin D status...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217338/-occupational-risks-during-pregnancy-feedback-from-occupational-medical-services
#6
J-B Henrotin, M Vaissière, M Etaix, M Dziurla, S Malard, D Lafon
OBJECTIVES: To describe the follow-up of pregnancies at work and exposures to pregnancy occupational hazards. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between January and December 2014 in occupational health services of Languedoc-Roussillon region. Eligible workers were interviewed by occupational health physicians (OHPs) after delivery and at the time of returning to work (exposure, anticipation, prevention, communication, sick leave). Occupational skill levels were classified according to the French standard classification of occupations (version 2003) from the French National Institute of Statistics...
December 4, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216874/factors-influencing-the-experience-of-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-for-female-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-a-qualitative-case-study
#7
Gertrude Mwalabu, Catrin Evans, Sarah Redsell
BACKGROUND: Young people living with perinatally-acquired HIV require age-appropriate support regarding sex and relationships as they progress towards adulthood. HIV affects both genders but evidence suggests that young women are particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse and more prone to engaging in sexual behaviours to meet their daily survival needs. This can result in poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. HIV services in Malawi provide support for young women's HIV-related clinical needs, but it is unclear whether there is sufficient provision for their SRH needs as they become adults...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215710/impact-of-nationwide-health-insurance-coverage-for-non-invasive-prenatal-testing
#8
Valentina Vinante, Bettina Keller, Evelyn A Huhn, Dorothy Huang, Olav Lapaire, Gwendolin Manegold-Brauer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes in women's choices for prenatal testing after the introduction of nationwide health insurance coverage for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in Switzerland. METHODS: The present retrospective study reviewed data from all women with singleton pregnancies who presented at the prenatal unit of Basel University Hospital, Switzerland, for first-trimester screening between July 15, 2014, and December 31, 2015. Women were divided into three categories according to their risk for aneuploidy, and the uptake of NIPT in the period before and after the introduction of the nationwide coverage for NIPT was compared...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215509/interval-female-sterilization
#9
Gretchen S Stuart, Shanthi S Ramesh
Female sterilization is relied on by nearly one in three women aged 35-44 years in the United States. Sterilization procedures are among the most common procedures that obstetrician-gynecologists perform. The most frequent sterilization procedures include postpartum tubal ligation, laparoscopic tubal disruption or salpingectomy, and hysteroscopic tubal occlusion. The informed consent process for sterilization is crucial and requires shared decision-making between the patient and the health care provider. Counseling should include the specific risks and benefits of the specific surgical approaches...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215133/a-five-year-retrospective-study-on-syphilis-in-the-sexual-transmitted-disease-centre-stdc-of-the-teaching-hospital-umberto-i-in-rome
#10
S Pala, C Conti, P Goldoni, D Silvaggio, M Nicolai, E Schiariti, G B Orsi
OBJECTIVES: A retrospective study describing syphilis epidemiological and clinical features in patients referring to an infectious diseases centre in Rome, Italy. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2015 demographic, behavioral and clinical data were collected from all adult patients attending the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centre of the Teaching Hospital Umberto I in Rome. RESULTS: Overall 723 patients, 495 males and 228 females, with syphilis infection diagnosis were included...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214476/acute-effects-of-air-pollution-on-spontaneous-abortion-premature-delivery-and-stillbirth-in-ahvaz-iran-a-time-series-study
#11
Maryam Dastoorpoor, Esmaeil Idani, Gholamreza Goudarzi, Narges Khanjani
Living in areas with high air pollution may have adverse effects on human health. There are few studies about the association between breathing polluted air and adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between air pollution and spontaneous abortion, premature birth, and stillbirth in Ahvaz. A time-series study was conducted. Data about spontaneous abortion, premature deliveries, and stillbirth was collected from Ahvaz Imam Khomeini Hospital. Air pollution data including NO, CO, NO2, PM10, SO2, O3, and climate data were, respectively, collected from the Environmental Protection Agency and the Khuzestan Province Meteorology Office from March 2008 until March 2015...
December 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214381/exposure-to-cox-2-inhibitors-coxibs-during-the-first-trimester-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#12
Katarina Dathe, Stephanie Padberg, Stefanie Hultzsch, Luisa-Maria Köhler, Katja Meixner, Anne-Katrin Fietz, Tatjana Tissen-Diabaté, Reinhard Meister, Christof Schaefer
PURPOSE: Cox-2-inhibitors (coxibs) are not recommended in pregnancy but early exposure may occur, for instance in unplanned pregnancies. Experience in pregnancy is limited leading to concerns in patients and their health care providers. Therefore, further data on coxibs and their effects on embryogenesis are needed. METHODS: This observational cohort study evaluates pregnancies ascertained in Germany during the study period from January 2000 to January 2016. A cohort of 174 women exposed to coxibs in the first trimester was compared to a randomly selected cohort of 521 women without exposure to coxibs, other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or known teratogens...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214155/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-technology-based-approach-for-preventing-excess-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-among-women-with-overweight
#13
Ariana M Chao, Sindhu K Srinivas, Stacia K Studt, Lisa K Diewald, David B Sarwer, Kelly C Allison
Objective: Overweight/obesity and excess weight gain during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Few interventions have been effective in limiting gestational weight gain among women with overweight or obesity. This pilot, randomized clinical trial compared treatment as usual (TAU) to a lifestyle modification program delivered via phone for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain in women who had overweight or obesity. Methods: Participants included 41 pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 (mean age = 28...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214130/measuring-adherence-to-a-nutrition-and-exercise-lifestyle-intervention-is-program-adherence-related-to-excessive-gestational-weight-gain
#14
Taniya S Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina Campbell, Michelle F Mottola
To identify adherence required to achieve target health outcome(s) in nutrition and/or exercise interventions, a measurement tool that tracks objective and self-reported measures of adherence is necessary. The purpose of this study was to design an adherence measurement tool and test it retrospectively on the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP; Ruchat et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(8), 1419-1426, 2012; Mottola et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(2), 265-272, 2010), designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG)...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214043/folic-acid-level-and-preterm-birth-among-sudanese-women
#15
Manal E Sharif, Ahmed Mohamedain, AbdelBagi A Ahmed, Abubakr M Nasr, Ishag Adam
Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is the major health problem world-wide; there are few published studies on PTB and folic acid. Methods: The study was conducted to assess the serum level of folic acid in PTB. A case-control study was conducted at Saad Abualila maternity hospital (Khartoum, Sudan) during the period of March through December 2015. Women who delivered live singleton babies were dived in two groups; the cases were women who had PTB "delivery before completed 37weeks but after 24 weeks of pregnancy" and the controls were women who delivered at term (37-42 weeks)...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214042/maternal-weight-in-the-postpartum-results-from-the-delta-healthy-sprouts-trial
#16
Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Jessica L Thomson, Nefertiti OjiNjideka Hemphill, Melissa H Goodman, Alicia S Landry
Background: Excessive postnatal weight retention may pose a threat to a woman's health and future pregnancies. Women in the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) region of Mississippi suffer from among the highest rates of obesity in the U.S. and are more likely to gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine if LMD women who received a lifestyle enhanced maternal, infant, and early childhood home visiting (MIECHV) curriculum had more favorable weight outcomes through 12-months postpartum compared to women who received a standard MIECHV curriculum...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213169/clinical-profile-of-neural-tube-defects-in-sudanese-children-is-malaria-a-risk-factor
#17
Basma Sadik, Haydar E Babikir, Mohammed A R Arbab
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common structural malformations in human kind. It is a public health problem with great impact on the child, parents and the community at large. The aim is to study the epidemiological profile and patterns of NTDs in under five-year of age Sudanese children who attended the neurosurgical clinic at the National Centre of Neurological Sciences (NCNS), Khartoum during the period from March 2014 to December 2014. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the neurosurgery clinic in NCNS, Khartoum...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212460/-the-co-authors-of-pregnancy-leveraging-men-s-sense-of-responsibility-and-other-factors-for-male-involvement-in-antenatal-services-in-kinshasa-drc
#18
Michelle M Gill, John Ditekemena, Aimé Loando, Vicky Ilunga, Marleen Temmerman, Franck Fwamba
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to improve male involvement (MI), few male partners typically attend antenatal care (ANC). MI in ANC and interventions to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission have been demonstrated to be beneficial for the HIV-positive mother and her child. This study aimed to explore factors influencing partner attendance and highlight interventions with potential to improve MI within a Congolese context. METHODS: This was an exploratory, qualitative study conducted in two urban and two semi-urban catchment areas of Kinshasa, DRC in June-September 2016...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211493/department-of-defense-birth-and-infant-health-registry-select-reproductive-health-outcomes-2003-2014
#19
Anna T Bukowinski, Ava Marie S Conlin, Gia R Gumbs, Zeina G Khodr, Richard N Chang, Dennis J Faix
Established following a 1998 directive, the Department of Defense Birth and Infant Health Registry (Registry) team conducts surveillance of select reproductive health outcomes among military families. Data are compiled from the Military Health System Data Repository and Defense Manpower Data Center to define the Registry cohort and outcomes of interest. Outcomes are defined using ICD-9/ICD-10 and Current Procedural Terminology codes, and include: pregnancy outcomes (e.g., live births, losses), birth defects, preterm births, and male:female infant sex ratio...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210994/iron-supplementation-during-pregnancy-and-infancy-uncertainties-and-implications-for-research-and-policy
#20
REVIEW
Patsy M Brannon, Christine L Taylor
Iron is particularly important in pregnancy and infancy to meet the high demands for hematopoiesis, growth and development. Much attention has been given to conditions of iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficient anemia (IDA) because of the high global prevalence estimated in these vulnerable life stages. Emerging and preliminary evidence demonstrates, however, a U-shaped risk at both low and high iron status for birth and infant adverse health outcomes including growth, preterm birth, gestational diabetes, gastrointestinal health, and neurodegenerative diseases during aging...
December 6, 2017: Nutrients
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