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Delusions cultural discourse

Nev Jones, Timothy Kelly, Mona Shattell
There is a growing literature on what contemporary cultural theorists have broadly termed the "postsecular": the abandonment of clear-cut boundaries between the secular and nonsecular in the industrialized West and an embrace of a complex understanding of what is real that neither accepts nor rejects the supernatural. These new cultural currents may affect not only philosophers and theologians, but also the ways in which individuals with psychosis make sense of their experiences. This paper reports on the key findings of an in-depth qualitative analysis of 19 interviews of individuals diagnosed with psychotic disorders...
August 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
Mitsue Shimizu, Yasutaka Kubota, Joseph R Calabrese, Motomi Toichi, Satoshi Kato, Hisamitsu Baba
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have reported folie à deux (FAD) cases, there has not yet been a study systematically examining patients' delusional statements. In the present study, we analyzed the changes in patients' delusional statements across the clinical course from the perspective of discourse analysis. SAMPLING AND METHODS: First, we presented a case of FAD in a married Japanese couple. Second, we examined 14 other cases of FAD from Japanese literature and analyzed changes in subjective pronoun (SP) use in each patient's delusional statements...
2006: Psychopathology
David A Lee, Fiona Randall, Geoffrey Beattie, Richard P Bentall
Research into the nature of attributional reasoning in paranoia has for the most part been restricted to questionnaire-based approaches. This fails to address the issue of whether a distinctive attributional style underpins the everyday talk of paranoid individuals. This study aimed to investigate whether attributional models of paranoid delusions applied to spontaneous attributions generated in the discourse of 12 paranoid and 12 non-paranoid speakers. Causal attributions for negative and positive life experiences were extracted from interview transcripts and rated using the Content Analysis of Verbatim Explanations (CAVE) technique...
December 2004: Psychology and Psychotherapy
E Georgaca
Delusions are seen in psychiatric research and practice as central indicators of the psychotic loss of contact with reality. In this paper the psychiatric concept of 'delusions' is critically examined both theoretically and through the analysis of extracts from interviews with individuals diagnosed as 'delusional'. The diagnostic criteria for delusions, implausibility, idiosyncrasy, conviction and incorrigibility, are scrutinized, and the notion of reality that underlies the concept of delusions is deconstructed through the use of social constructionist approaches...
June 2000: British Journal of Medical Psychology
S R Friedlander
One of the criterial distinctions of psychoanalysis is its renunciation of indoctrination through suggestion. In spite of the fact that psychoanalysis is both an organized body of knowledge and a disciplined form of interpersonal influence, it regards an analyst who tells the analysand what to think or do as essentially doing harm by substituting a new form of prejudice and alienation for the preexisting form he is attacking. Even though an analyst regards his knowledge of psychoanalytic theory as adequate at a general level, this "truth" is not an adequate mode of discourse with an individual...
June 1991: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
M Chevance
We are sometimes compare, in our practice, with treatment of patients coming from beyond the seas (like Guadeloup, West Indies). The psychologic characters are extremely confusing because the symptoms are polymorphs in the same patient, some character of hysteric, delirious and depressive registers, and also there is a cultural color changing the deep signification of symptoms presented to the doctor. The diagnostic research are not unusual face our proper culture and with inadequation of the classic diagnostical characters...
April 1992: Annales Médico-psychologiques
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