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Electroconvulsive therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529374/unmodified-electroconvulsive-therapy-concerns-about-reporting-in-a-retrospective-study
#1
Chittaranjan Andrade, Samir Kumar Praharaj, Nachiketa Desai, Devavrat Harshe, Sagar Karia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525197/-treatment-resistant-depression-actuality-and-perspectives-in-2017
#2
REVIEW
N Lucas, P Hubain, G Loas, F Jurysta
Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects 3 to 17 % of adults. 15 to 30 % of patients with MDD suffer from treatment resistant depression (TRD). No international consensus defines TRD. The most common definition is " MDD that is not enough improved after two successive and different classes of antidepressant treatments in appropriate dose and duration ". The appropriate dose corresponds to maximal dose accepted by scientific reports and clinical recommendations, while the appropriate duration is around 6 weeks...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521271/the-association-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-to-pharmacological-treatment-and-its-influence-on-cytokines
#3
Thiago Fernando Vasconcelos Freire, Neusa Sica da Rocha, Marcelo Pio de Almeida Fleck
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of evidence shows that disturbances in the immune system are involved in the pathogenesis of depression. Although the immune-modulating effects of antidepressants have been described, few studies have addressed the functioning of the immune system in relation to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This study aims to investigate if the addition of ECT to pharmacotherapy is associated with changes in cytokine levels. METHODS: Adult inpatients were invited to participate in this study on admission to a psychiatric unit...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520578/robust-antidepressant-effect-following-alternating-intravenous-racemic-ketamine-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-treatment-resistant-depression-a-case-report
#4
Lucie Bartova, Ana Weidenauer, Markus Dold, Angela Naderi-Heiden, Siegfried Kasper, Matthaeus Willeit, Nicole Praschak-Rieder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520577/the-effects-of-remifentanil-on-hemodynamic-response-attenuation-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-under-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#5
Feray Erdil, Ulku Ozgul, Mukadder Şanli, Gülay Kayhan, Cemil Çolak, Mahmut Durmuş
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of a single loading dose of remifentanil (1 μg/kg) administered as an adjunct to sevoflurane, on the duration of seizure activity, recovery times, and hemodynamic profiles, during electroconvulsive therapy. METHODS: The patients were randomly allocated to receive sevoflurane-saline (Group SS) or sevoflurane-remifentanil (Group SR). Sevoflurane (8%) was initiated for anesthesia induction in both groups until loss of consciousness was achieved...
May 18, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509598/elevated-dopamine-d1-receptor-availability-in-striatum-of-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipigs-after-electroconvulsive-therapy
#6
Anne M Landau, Aage Ko Alstrup, Helene Audrain, Steen Jakobsen, Mette Simonsen, Arne Møller, Poul Videbech, Gregers Wegener, Albert Gjedde, Doris J Doudet
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), a direct form of brain stimulation, is an effective antidepressant. We hypothesized that the beneficial effects of ECT are mediated by increased dopaminergic neurotransmission, in which the baseline activity of D1 receptors may predict the response to ECT. We established a novel model of brain stimulation in Göttingen minipigs based on the protocol of ECT applied in humans. With positron emission tomography (PET), we determined a measure of dopaminergic neurotransmission with the dopamine D1 receptor antagonist [(11)C]SCH23390...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503107/the-role-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-ect-in-bipolar-disorder-effectiveness-in-522-patients-with-bipolar-depression-mixed-state-mania-and-catatonic-features
#7
Giulio Perugi, Pierpaolo Medda, Cristina Toni, Michela Giorgi Mariani, Chiara Socci, Mauro Mauri
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) in the treatment of Bipolar Disorder (BD) in a large sample of bipolar patients with drug resistant depression, mania, mixed state and catatonic features. METHOD: 522 consecutive patients with DSM-IV-TR BD were evaluated prior to and after the ECT course. Responders and nonresponders were compared in subsamples of depressed and mixed patients. Descriptive analyses were reported for patients with mania and with catatonic features...
April 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496402/cortico-striatal-thalamic-loop-circuits-of-the-orbitofrontal-cortex-promising-therapeutic-targets-in-psychiatric-illness
#8
REVIEW
Peter Fettes, Laura Schulze, Jonathan Downar
Corticostriatal circuits through the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) play key roles in complex human behaviors such as evaluation, affect regulation and reward-based decision-making. Importantly, the medial and lateral OFC (mOFC and lOFC) circuits have functionally and anatomically distinct connectivity profiles which differentially contribute to the various aspects of goal-directed behavior. OFC corticostriatal circuits have been consistently implicated across a wide range of psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and substance use disorders (SUDs)...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492457/the-role-of-amantadine-withdrawal-in-3-cases-of-treatment-refractory-altered-mental-status
#9
Leah D Fryml, Kristen R Williams, Christopher G Pelic, James Fox, Gregory Sahlem, Sophie Robert, Gonzalo J Revuelta, Edward Baron Short
Amantadine, which was originally developed as an antiviral medication, functions as a dopamine agonist in the central nervous system and consequently is utilized in the treatment of Parkinson disease, drug-induced extrapyramidal reactions, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome. For reasons that are not entirely understood, abrupt changes in amantadine dosage can produce a severe withdrawal syndrome. Existing medical literature describes case reports of amantadine withdrawal leading to delirium, which at times has progressed to neuroleptic malignant syndrome...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471773/effect-of-atropine-premedication-on-cardiac-autonomic-function-during-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-randomized-crossover-study
#10
Tanmay Jadhav, Kamath Sriganesh, Jagadisha Thirthalli, K R Madhusudan Reddy, Sudhir Venkataramaiah, Mariamma Philip, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Shyam Sundar Armugham
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) results in significant cardiovascular changes. The acute cardiac autonomic changes during ECT remain unexplored. The primary objective of this study was to compare autonomic dysfunction with and without atropine premedication during ECT and secondarily to evaluate dysautonomia across psychiatric diagnoses before and after ECT. METHODS: In this crossover study, 41 psychiatric patients were monitored during 82 ECT sessions...
May 2, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471772/reexamining-the-role-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-anorexia-nervosa-in-adolescents
#11
Laura Andersen, Christina LaRosa, Daniel E Gih
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is rarely, if ever, considered for the treatment of severe anorexia nervosa (AN) or other eating disorders comorbid with an affective illness. Mood disorders are common in these patients, and psychotropic medications, although frequently used, have limited evidence of benefit in AN or copresenting depressive symptoms. Even when the illness is life threatening, ECT as a treatment may be overlooked. We present a case of an adolescent girl with severe AN and comorbid major depressive disorder with suicidality...
May 2, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471771/rapid-response-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Duy V Tran, Justin P Meyer, Kate G Farber, Xi Richard Chen, Blake D Rosenthal, Charles H Kellner
Although a typical course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) consists of 6 to 12 treatments, remission of depression has rarely been reported after a single treatment. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman hospitalized for a major depressive episode and suicidality, in the context of bipolar 1 disorder, whose symptoms fully remitted with 1 ECT. We also review the literature on rapid response to ECT.
May 3, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471769/post-electroconvulsive-therapy-hyperthermia-case-report
#13
Nathalie Mariaux, Virginie Rouch, Sophie Prébois, Christophe Arbus, Laurent Schmitt, Antoine Yrondi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463343/biological-treatment-of-acute-agitation-or-aggression-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-in-the-inpatient-setting
#14
Christoph U Correll, Xin Yu, Yutao Xiang, John M Kane, Prakash Masand
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are chronic illnesses that commonly present with symptoms of acute agitation and aggression. These symptoms must be managed rapidly to prevent potential harm to the patient and others, including their caregivers, peers, and health care workers. A number of treatment options are available to clinicians to manage acute agitation and aggression, including non-pharmacologic behavioral and environmental de-escalation strategies, as well as biological treatment options such as pharmacologic agents and electroconvulsive therapy...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462732/anaesthesia-for-electroconvulsive-therapy-new-tricks-for-old-drugs-a-systematic-review
#15
Tobias Kvist Stripp, Martin Balslev Jorgensen, Niels Vidiendal Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to investigate existing literature in order to delineate whether the use of anaesthesia and timing of seizure induction in a new and optimised way may improve the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE was searched for existing literature, last search on 24 June 2015. Relevant clinical studies on human subjects involving choice of anaesthetic, ventilation and bispectral index (BIS) monitoring in the ECT setting were considered...
May 2, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458140/resting-state-brain-network-function-in-major-depression-depression-symptomatology-antidepressant-treatment-effects-future-research
#16
REVIEW
Janis Brakowski, Simona Spinelli, Nadja Dörig, Oliver Gero Bosch, Andrei Manoliu, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Erich Seifritz
The alterations of functional connectivity brain networks in major depressive disorder (MDD) have been subject of a large number of studies. Using different methodologies and focusing on diverse aspects of the disease, research shows heterogeneous results lacking integration. Disrupted network connectivity has been found in core MDD networks like the default mode network (DMN), the central executive network (CEN), and the salience network, but also in cerebellar and thalamic circuitries. Here we review literature published on resting state brain network function in MDD focusing on methodology, and clinical characteristics including symptomatology and antidepressant treatment related findings...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455892/psychotic-symptoms-as-a-complication-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-case-report
#17
Anna Antosik-Wójcińska, Magdalena Chojnacka, Łukasz Święcicki
We report a patient who experienced atypical symptoms in the course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). During ECT treatment patient experienced psychotic symptoms which should be differentiated with prolonged delirium and nonconvulsive status epilepticus. 46-year-old female was referred to hospital with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder with no psychotic features in the course of recurrent depression. Despite several changes of pharmacological treatment no improvement was achieved, therefore it was decided to initiate ECT...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453490/plasma-amyloid-%C3%AE-and-alzheimer-s-disease-related-changes-in-late-life-depression
#18
Chiemi Yamazaki, Toshio Tamaoki, Akihiko Nunomura, Kenichi Tamai, Kazuyuki Yasuda, Nobutaka Motohashi
To elucidate an involvement of amyloid dysmetabolism in the pathophysiology of depression, we investigated associations of plasma amyloid-β (Aβ) levels with Alzheimer's disease-related changes in neuroimaging and cognitive dysfunction in patients with late-life depression. Higher plasma Aβ40, but not Aβ42 nor Aβ40/Aβ42 ratio, was associated with higher degree of parahippocampal atrophy and lower verbal fluency performance. Indeed, high plasma Aβ40 predicted poor cognitive prognosis of depressed patients with mild cognitive impairment...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445184/electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-patient-with-depressive-disorder-after-traumatic-brain-injury-intracranial-bleeding-and-polytrauma
#19
Jana Hořínková, Richard Barteček, Sylvie Fedorová
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445183/successful-anesthetic-management-of-morbidly-obese-patients-during-electroconvulsive-therapy-with-the-proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-a-head-up-position-a-report-of-2-cases
#20
Yukihide Koyama, Hiroko Nishioka, Takehiro Ibaraki, Atsushi Ozawa, Naoko Kamoshida, Yuki Akihisa, Tomio Andoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of ECT
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