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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231134/motivations-for-food-consumption-during-specific-eating-occasions-in-turkey
#1
Delores Chambers, Uyen T X Phan, Sirichat Chanadang, Curtis Maughan, Karolina Sanchez, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, David Gomez, Federica Higa, Han Li, Edgar Chambers, Eyyup Esen
Several studies in different countries have been conducted to investigate factors affecting food choices. The objective of this study was to understand the motivations of specific food and beverage choices for different eating occasions in a typical diet of the Turkish people. A convenience sample of 141 respondents from seven different geographical regions in Turkey completed an online survey questionnaire that included questions about demographic information and details about their latest eating occasion...
May 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230574/patient-safety-culture-in-mutual-insurance-companies-in-spain
#2
Rafael Manzanera, José Joaquín Mira, Manel Plana, Daniel Moya, Mercedes Guilabert, Jordi Ortner
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the safety culture in a mutual insurance sector, searching for improvement opportunities. This sector offers health insurance for work-related injuries and occupational illnesses and represents an annual volume of patients corresponding to approximately 10% of the working population in Europe. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the safety culture in the mutual insurance sector in Spain. All physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists (N = 816) working in the organization in hospitals, outpatient clinics, and managerial settings were invited to reply to an online survey...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230198/longitudinal-association-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-with-cognitive-functioning-in-a-general-70-year-old-population-the-sonic-study
#3
Hirochika Ryuno, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Mai Kabayama, Ryosuke Oguro, Chikako Nakama, Serina Yokoyama, Motonori Nagasawa, Satomi Maeda-Hirao, Yuki Imaizumi, Miyuki Takeya, Hiroko Yamamoto, Masao Takeda, Yoichi Takami, Norihisa Itoh, Yasushi Takeya, Koichi Yamamoto, Ken Sugimoto, Takeshi Nakagawa, Saori Yasumoto, Kazunori Ikebe, Hiroki Inagaki, Yukie Masui, Michiyo Takayama, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Ryutaro Takahashi, Hiromi Rakugi
Both hypertension and diabetes in middle-aged individuals have been suggested to be predictive indicators of cognitive decline. However, the association of hypertension, diabetes and their combination with cognitive functioning is still controversial in older people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between cognitive decline and hypertension, diabetes, and their combination in 70-year-old people based on a 3-year longitudinal analysis. Four hundred and fifty-four people aged 70 (±1) years who participated in the Japanese longitudinal cohort study of Septuagenarians, Octogenarians and Nonagenarians Investigation with Centenarians (SONIC) were recruited randomly from a general population and were monitored for 3 years...
February 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229497/drinkers-identification-with-varying-alcohol-consumption-prototypes
#4
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle I Jongenelis, Iain S Pratt, Terry Slevin, Tanya Chikritzhs
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Efforts to reduce excessive alcohol consumption need to take into account drinkers' perceptions of their risk of alcohol-related harm. The aim of the present study was to profile adult Australian drinkers according to their self-identification with various drinker prototypes to determine the extent to which these prototypes are associated with perceived and actual risk of alcohol-related harm. DESIGN AND METHODS: A large web panel provider disseminated an online survey to a national sample of 2168 drinkers aged 18+ years who consumed alcohol at least twice per month...
February 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229329/predicting-parent-health-related-quality-of-life-evaluating-conceptual-models
#5
Ellen K Defenderfer, Tiffany M Rybak, W Hobart Davies, Kristoffer S Berlin
PURPOSE: Parents of children with chronic illnesses are at risk for poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL), with numerous identified risk factors, but the most informative statistical model considering their combined impact is unclear. The authors conceptualized risk for poor HRQoL using a summed model, comprehensive multivariate model, and latent profile analysis (LPA). METHODS: Community parents completed an online survey, providing information about demographics, child's chronic illness, family functioning, and parent and child HRQoL...
February 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228452/does-the-use-of-a-decision-aid-improve-decision-making-in-prosthetic-heart-valve-selection-a-multicenter-randomized-trial
#6
Nelleke M Korteland, Yunus Ahmed, David R Koolbergen, Marjan Brouwer, Frederiek de Heer, Jolanda Kluin, Eline F Bruggemans, Robert J M Klautz, Anne M Stiggelbout, Jeroen J J Bucx, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Peter Polak, Thanasie Markou, Inge van den Broek, Rene Ligthart, Ad J J C Bogers, Johanna J M Takkenberg
BACKGROUND: A Dutch online patient decision aid to support prosthetic heart valve selection was recently developed. A multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess whether use of the patient decision aid results in optimization of shared decision making in prosthetic heart valve selection. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a 5-center randomized controlled trial, patients were allocated to receive either standard preoperative care (control group) or additional access to the patient decision aid (intervention group)...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228102/influence-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity-levels-of-university-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Fiona Y Wong
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight is increasing and the effectiveness of various weight management and exercise programs varied. An augmented reality smartphone game, Pokémon Go, appears to increase activity levels of players. This study assessed the players and ex-players' frequencies and durations of staying outdoors, and walking/jogging before and during the time they played Pokémon Go, evaluated the physical activity levels of players, ex-players and non-players, and investigated the potential factors which determined their play statuses...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227788/lessons-learnt-from-a-mooc-about-social-media-for-digital-health-literacy
#8
Suleman Atique, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Onkar Singh, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Suleman Atique, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Onkar Singh, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Onkar Singh, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Suleman Atique
Nowadays, the Internet and social media represent prime channels for health information seeking and peer support. However, benefits of health social media can be reduced by low digital health literacy. We designed a massive open online course (MOOC) course about health social media to increase the students' digital health literacy. In this course, we wanted to explore the difficulties confronted by the MOOC users in relation to accessing quality online health information and to propose methods to overcome the issues...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227472/social-norms-of-good-design-interdisciplinary-perspectives-from-a-survey-of-engineers-and-clinicians-in-bioengineering
#9
Angela N Johnson, Angela N Johnson, Angela N Johnson
In bioengineering training for new researchers and engineers, a great deal of time is spent discussing what constitutes "good" design. Conceptualization of good design, however, varies widely across interdisciplinary team members, with potential to both foster innovation or lead to unproductive conflict. To explore how groups central to bioengineering teams (physicians/clinicians and engineers/physicists) conceptualize good design, we asked 176 professionals in bioengineering to complete a comprehensive online survey including items designed to assess cognitive and moral foundations (validated MFQ30 tool) and custom items assessing perceptions on good design in three areas (good design characteristics, reputation of design approvers, and perceived design patient/consumer suitability)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226283/social-ecological-correlates-of-polyvictimization-among-a-national-sample-of-transgender-genderqueer-and-cisgender-sexual-minority-adolescents
#10
Paul R Sterzing, G Allen Ratliff, Rachel E Gartner, Briana L McGeough, Kelly C Johnson
Polyvictimization is a common experience for youth in the United States, with 20% nationally experiencing five or more different forms of victimization in the last year. Utilizing a large, national convenience sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents (N = 1177, 14-19 years old), the current study aimed to (a) generate the first estimates of last year polyvictimization (including nine victimization subtypes) for transgender, genderqueer, and cisgender (i.e., assigned birth sex aligns with gender identity) sexual minority adolescents and (b) identify social ecological correlates of last year polyvictimization...
February 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226222/computer-simulations-of-intrinsically-disordered-proteins
#11
Song-Ho Chong, Prathit Chatterjee, Sihyun Ham
The investigation of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) is a new frontier in structural and molecular biology that requires a new paradigm to connect structural disorder to function. Molecular dynamics simulations and statistical thermodynamics potentially offer ideal tools for atomic-level characterizations and thermodynamic descriptions of this fascinating class of proteins that will complement experimental studies. However, IDPs display sensitivity to inaccuracies in the underlying molecular mechanics force fields...
February 6, 2017: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225466/the-use-of-social-media-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#12
Madeline Sterling, Peggy Leung, Drew Wright, Tara F Bishop
PURPOSE: Despite the growing presence of social media in graduate medical education (GME), few studies have attempted to characterize their effect on residents and their training. The authors conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to understand the effect of social media on resident (1) education, (2) recruitment, and (3) professionalism. METHOD: The authors identified English-language peer-reviewed articles published through November 2015 using Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224313/sexual-stereotypes-ascribed-to-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-intersectional-analysis
#13
Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Douglas S Krakower, Kristen Underhill, Kenneth H Mayer, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, John F Dovidio
Sexual stereotypes may adversely affect the health of Black men who have sex with men (MSM). Greater understanding of the nature and nuances of these stereotypes is needed. This online, survey-based study used an inductive, intersectional approach to characterize the sexual stereotypes ascribed to Black MSM by the U.S. general public, their distinctiveness from those ascribed to Black men and MSM in general, and their relative prototypicality as compared to dominant subgroups. Members of the public, recruited in 2014-2015, were randomly assigned to survey conditions that varied systematically by race (Black, White, or unspecified) and sexual orientation (gay, heterosexual, or unspecified) of a designated social group...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223855/perception-of-educational-value-in-clinical-rotations-by-medical-students
#14
David A Kandiah
AIM: Clinical teaching in Australian medical schools has changed to meet the needs of substantially increased medical student cohorts. As such, formal feedback from these student cohorts is needed about the value they place on the educational input from each clinical rotation. This study aims to determine which aspects of clinical placements are most educationally useful to medical students. METHODS: In this study, final year medical students from the University of Western Australia (UWA) were surveyed via an anonymous online questionnaire, identifying which clinical placements were found to be the most and the least useful to their learning and the positive aspects of these placements...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223810/factors-associated-with-caregiver-burden-among-pharmacotherapy-treated-children-adolescents-with-adhd-in-the-caregiver-perspective-on-pediatric-adhd-survey-in-europe
#15
Moshe Fridman, Tobias Banaschewski, Vanja Sikirica, Javier Quintero, M Haim Erder, Kristina S Chen
BACKGROUND: Burden on caregivers of children/adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is multidimensional, but incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze caregiver burden across the concepts of work, social/family life, and parental worry/stress, in relation to selected contributing factors. METHODS: The online Caregiver Perspective on Pediatric ADHD survey was fielded in ten European countries. Analysis included children/adolescents (6-17 years) who were receiving/had received ADHD pharmacotherapy in the previous 6 months...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222927/coping-with-the-enduring-unpredictability-of-opioid-addiction-an-investigation-of-a-novel-family-focused-peer-support-organization
#16
John F Kelly, Nilo Fallah-Sohy, Julie Cristello, Brandon Bergman
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have become a major public health crisis. While efforts have focused mostly on helping opioid-addicted individuals directly, family members suffer also from the grave and enduring unpredictability associated with opioid addiction and often play a vital role in helping addicted loved ones access care. Little is known, however, about resources to help affected family members. Here we describe results from the first quantitative and qualitative investigation of a free and growing support organization for family members of addicted individuals ("Learn to Cope" [LTC]; www...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222885/the-influence-of-lip-form-on-incisal-display-with-lips-in-repose-on-the-esthetic-preferences-of-dentists-and-lay-people
#17
Jee Kim, Richard Topolski, Douglas Dickinson, Van Ramos
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Information is lacking for viewer preferences for incisal display with lips in repose. PURPOSE: The purpose of this online survey was to establish measurement parameters to classify and define a lip form and to evaluate the influence of lip form on dentists' and laypersons' preferences for the amount of incisal display with lips in repose. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Computer-generated male and female models were created using 3 different lip forms each, straight, moderate, and high...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222735/advancing-gender-equality-through-the-athena-swan-charter-for-women-in-science-an-exploratory-study-of-women-s-and-men-s-perceptions
#18
Pavel V Ovseiko, Alison Chapple, Laurel D Edmunds, Sue Ziebland
BACKGROUND: While in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Australia, higher education and research institutions are widely engaged with the Athena SWAN Charter for Women in Science to advance gender equality, empirical research on this process and its impact is rare. This study combined two data sets (free- text comments from a survey and qualitative interviews) to explore the range of experiences and perceptions of participation in Athena SWAN in medical science departments of a research-intensive university in Oxford, United Kingdom...
February 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222344/caring-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-part-2-detailed-analyses-of-factors-involved-in-respite-workers-reported-assessment-and-care-decisions
#19
Lara M Genik, C Meghan McMurtry, Lynn M Breau
: Respite workers (RW) commonly care for children with intellectual disabilities (ID), and pain is common for these children. Little is known about factors which inform RW pain assessment and management-related decisions. OBJECTIVES: To describe/determine the following in response to a series of pain-related scenarios (e.g., headache, falling): (1) factors considered important by RW when assessing children with ID's pain; (2) whether children's verbal ability impacts pain assessment factors considered; (3) RW assessment and management approach...
February 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222341/patient-emotions-and-perceptions-of-antiepileptic-drug-changes-and-titration-during-treatment-for-epilepsy
#20
Jesse Fishman, Greg Cohen, Colin Josephson, Ann Marie Collier, Srikanth Bharatham, Ying Zhang, Imane Wild
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of antiepileptic drug (AED) change and dose titration on the emotional well-being of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Members of an online epilepsy community were invited to voluntarily participate in an online survey. The cross-sectional anonymous survey consisted of 31 multiple choice questions balanced in terms of variety and positivity/negativity of emotions concerning participants' most recent AED change. To substantiate survey results, spontaneous comments from epilepsy-related online forums and social media websites that mentioned participants' experiences with AED medication changes (termed passive listening statements) were analyzed and categorized by theme...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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