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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643416/influence-of-academic-training-in-endodontics-and-implantology-on-decision-making-in-undergraduate-students
#1
Kenneth Pineda, Rufino Bueno, Carlos Alvarado, Francesc Abella, Miguel Roig, Fernando Duran-Sindreu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of academic training on decision-making in a group of undergraduates who have undergone training in endodontics and implantology. BASIC PROCEDURES: A single group of undergraduate dentistry students (n = 65) was given a survey consisting of 15 endodontic cases. Each case included periapical radiographs and clinical photographs. Students were asked to select one of the eight proposed treatments. In their 4th year, the students first responded to the survey after completing endodontics...
June 23, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607245/opportunities-in-oral-health-policy-for-timor-leste
#2
Lucio F Babo Soares, Silvana S Bettiol, Isaac J Dalla-Fontana, Penny Allen, Leonard A Crocombe
Timor-Leste faces an urgent set of challenges in oral health. The impact of oral diseases in terms of reduced quality of life and cost of treatment is considerable. This paper reviews progress on policy recommendations since the National Oral Health Survey in 2002, the first such national survey. Few proposals have been implemented to date, owing to (i) lack of local support for the recommendations, particularly on promotion of oral health; (ii) lack of financial and budgetary provisions for oral health; (iii) lack of focus on services, human resources and dental personnel; (iv) poor focus, design and implementation of policy and planning in oral health; and (v) lack of transport to facilitate health-care workers' access to remote areas...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606905/what-impact-has-the-nihr-academic-clinical-fellowship-acf-scheme-had-on-clinical-academic-careers-in-england-over-the-last-10-years-a-retrospective-study
#3
Sally Clough, James Fenton, Helen Harris-Joseph, Leesa Rayton, Caroline Magee, David Jones, Lisa Ann Cotterill, James Neilson
OBJECTIVES: The Academic Clinical Fellowship (ACF) was introduced to support the early career clinical and research training of potential future clinical academics in England. The driver for the model was concern about falling numbers of clinical academic trainees. This study examines the impact of the ACF model, over its first 10 years, in developing clinical academic careers by tracking the progression of ACF trainees. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) ACF career progression...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602260/cystic-lesions-of-the-jaws-a-retrospective-clinicopathologic-study-of-2030-cases
#4
Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Marco Mascitti, Andrea Santarelli, Corrado Rubini, Fabrizio Bambini, Maurizio Procaccini, Dario Bertossi, Massimo Albanese, Vincenzo Bondì, Pier Francesco Nocini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform an epidemiologic analysis of cases of jaw cysts treated from 1973 to 2012 at the Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Verona Hospital, Italy, and to compare the data obtained with those published in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective survey of 2030 patients treated for jaw cysts from 1973 to 2012 was performed. The lesions were classified according to the 2005 World Health Organization histologic classification, and the following variables were analyzed: age, gender, histopathologic diagnosis, and site of onset...
April 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597872/flipped-learning-course-design-and-evaluation-through-student-self-assessment-in-a-predental-science-class
#5
Jungjoon Ihm, Hyoseon Choi, Sangho Roh
PURPOSE: This study explores how to design a flipped classroom for a predental science course and evaluate its course through student self-assessment in order to provide practical implications for flipped learning in an undergraduate level. METHODS: Second- and third-year predental students in the Seoul National University School of Dentistry enrolled in Biodiversity and Global Environment, a 15-week, three-credit course based on a flipped learning model. At the end of the course, the students were asked to rate their self-directed learning, attitude toward social media, discussion skills, learning readiness, and class satisfaction...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572411/new-clinical-faculty-training-program-transforming-practicing-dentists-into-part-time-dental-faculty-members
#6
Brooke N Adams, Michele L Kirkup, Lisa H Willis, Paul E Reifeis
At Indiana University School of Dentistry, a New Clinical Faculty Training (NCFT) program was created with the primary goals of informing new part-time faculty members of clinical policies and assessment guidelines and thus developing qualified and satisfied faculty members. The aim of this study was to determine if participation in the training program improved the participants' satisfaction and competence in comparison to their colleagues who did not participate in the program. Two cohorts were compared: a control group of part-time faculty members who did not receive formal training when they were hired (n=21; response rate 58...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572410/an-innovative-comprehensive-faculty-recruitment-and-development-program-at-one-u-s-dental-school-early-results
#7
Emily Sabato, Jeanette E DeCastro, Kim Fenesy
Dental faculty recruitment and development are critical to replenish and cultivate sufficient and adequately prepared educators to educate future generations of dentists. At Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, the From Practice to Preceptor (FP2P) program, now in the last of its five years of funding from the U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), has an overall aim of recruiting, training, and retaining a diverse and well-prepared dental faculty workforce. The FP2P program introduced novel methods for recruiting and preparing new faculty members since its goal is to help participants transition from being practicing dentists to becoming part- or full-time faculty members...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553831/depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-dental-students
#8
Sumaya Basudan, Najla Binanzan, Aseel Alhassan
Objectives: To measure the occurrence and levels of depression, anxiety and stress in undergraduate dental students using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in November and December of 2014. A total of 289 dental students were invited to participate, and 277 responded, resulting in a response rate of 96%. The final sample included 247 participants. Eligible participants were surveyed via a self-reported questionnaire that included the validated DASS-21 scale as the assessment tool and questions about demographic characteristics and methods for managing stress...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552900/establishment-of-dental-license-regulation-authority-is-required-in-korea-based-on-the-results-of-delphi-technique
#9
Jin-Woo Choi, Kack-Kyun Kim, Jihyun Lee, Dong-Ju Choi, Kyung-Nyun Kim
Purpose: Due to the rapidly changing society and growing demand for more competent dentists, evaluation and management system for dental licensing and certification are essential as well as dental education. In this study, Delphi technique was conducted on a variety of professionals to survey problems and remedies for the dental license management system in Korea. Methods: Delphi survey was performed from April through October, 2016 in South Korea. A variety of professionals relevant to dentistry were included and grouped into three groups according to their subjects as follows: basic dentistry, clinical dentistry, and policy related group...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543227/implant-dentistry-in-australia-the-present-and-future-a-survey-of-australian-dentists-and-specialists
#10
Y N Guo, J E Dudley, R M Logan, L C Richards
BACKGROUND: In recent years, implant dentistry has become a routine part of many general dental practices in Australia. However, there has been little information regarding its extent and scope. This investigation aimed to address this issue by surveying Australian general dental practitioners (GDPs) and relevant specialists regarding their practice of implant dentistry. METHODS: Anonymous electronic surveys were designed online using SurveyMonkey(™) and delivered to the following professional bodies: all seven State/Territory branches of the Australian Dental Association, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, and prosthodontist members of the Australian Prosthodontic Society...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542834/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-5-knowledge-factors
#11
G Alexander, M S Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: A phase-down of amalgam in Australia is possible given the Australian Government intends to ratify the Minamata Convention. There is little research as to the influence of a dentist's knowledge on decision-making, which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540233/international-volunteerism-and-global-responsibility
#12
REVIEW
Gopal Badlani
To review the current status of volunteerism in the field of urology as a global responsibility, a PubMed search was done with keywords: international volunteer, urology, global health, international resident education. Furthermore, internet search using Google and Bing as search engines for the same key words was done. Websites of multinational urological organizations was researched for available information. Expert opinions of key individuals in the arena were obtained. There is a paucity of published literature as to the efforts and outcomes of volunteerism in Urology; most of the information is related to the fistula repair outcomes in medical literature...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516796/legionella-spp-in-dental-unit-waterlines
#13
E Sedlata Juraskova, H Sedlackova, J Janska, O Holy, I Lalova, I Matouskova
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current presence of Legionella spp. in the output water of dental unit waterlines (DUWLs) and examine its mitigation by disinfection at the Institute of Dentistry and Oral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc and University Hospital Olomouc. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first stage of our survey involved collecting samples of DUWL output water from 50 dental chair units (DCUs), and 2 samples of the incoming potable water...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514054/how-do-educators-in-one-new-zealand-undergraduate-bachelor-of-oral-health-course-teach-and-nurture-professionalism
#14
L Smith, L Adam, S Moffat, A Meldrum, R Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: Research on integrated dental hygiene and dental therapy courses is scarce; studies reporting on how staff in these combined scope courses teach professionalism are even more scarce. This study aimed to partially fill these research gaps. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 2016, online surveys were sent to 34 staff members who taught into the integrated Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) course at the University of Otago's Faculty of Dentistry; 13 were returned. Two focus groups were conducted with six BOH educators...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511510/patterns-of-partial-edentulism-and-its-relation-to-khat-chewing-in-jazan-population-a-survey-study
#15
Mohammed Al Moaleem
INTRODUCTION: Partial edentulism is a prime indicator of overall oral health in a given country. Khat chewing habit in the south region of Saudi Arabia is widely practiced by a majority of the population. AIM: To determine the frequency of Kennedy's classes in each arch among different age groups, gender and to find out the relationship between khat chewing and the pattern of partial edentulism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data was collected from 780 subjects reporting to the College of Dentistry, Jazan University, who required removable partial dentures...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497850/workforce-diversity-in-dentistry-current-status-and-future-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Raul I Garcia, George Blue Spruce, Jeanne C Sinkford, Michael J Lopez, Louis W Sullivan
The racial and ethnic diversity of the US oral health care workforce remains insufficient to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population and to address persistent health disparities. The findings from a recent national survey of underrepresented minority dentists are reviewed and recommendations are made for enhancing diversity in the dental profession.
May 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496253/survey-on-the-use-of-cad-cam-technology-by-uk-and-irish-dental-technicians
#17
E Blackwell, M Nesbit, H Petridis
Statement of the problem Digital workflows (CAD/CAM) have been introduced in dentistry during recent years. No published information exists on dental technicians' use and reporting of this technology.Purpose The aim of this cross sectional survey was to identify the extent digital technology has infiltrated the workplace and to investigate the factors affecting the use of CAD-CAM technology by dental laboratory technicians within Ireland and the UK.Materials and methods A web-based questionnaire was composed (Opinio, Object Planet Inc...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496225/altmetric-analysis-of-2015-dental-literature-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
J Kolahi, P Iranmanesh, S Khazaei
Introduction To report and analyse Altmetric data of all dental articles and journals in 2015.Methods To identify all 2015 dental articles, PubMed was searched via Altmetric platform using the following query: ("2015/1/1"[PDAT]: "2015/12/31"[PDAT]) AND jsubsetd[text] NOT 2016[PDAT] on November 12, 2016. Altmetric data of all 2015 dental articles and journals were extracted and analysed by Microsoft Office Excel 2016 using descriptive statistics, graphs and trend-line analysis. To find the most important and influential Altmetric factors, multi-layered perceptron artificial neural network was employed using SPSS 22...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493112/the-teaching-of-management-of-the-pulp-in-primary-molars-across-europe
#19
J Monteiro, A Ní Chaollaí, M Duggal
AIM: To determine which methods of primary pulp therapy are currently being taught in European dental schools. METHODS: An online survey tool was employed to send questionnaires to paediatric dentistry departments of 202 European dental schools. Email addresses were obtained from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry and questionnaires were sent to one member of each department in December 2014. The survey included questions on treatment choices and clinical scenarios where respondents indicated how they would advise students to proceed, given a particular case...
May 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492191/prevalence-of-dental-fear-and-its-causes-using-three-measurement-scales-among-children-in-new-delhi
#20
Anju Singh Rajwar, Mridula Goswami
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for identifying fearful children, who often present problems in patient management, thus affecting the quality of dental care rendered to them. This study is unique in the way that dental fear was assessed through three fear scales as research has suggested the use of more than one scale because each scale has its own restrictions and is open to criticism. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dental fear and anxiety (DFA) among children aged 3-14 years using three fear measurement scales...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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