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Survey dentistry

Rohin J Krishnan, Lavanya Uruthiramoorthy, Noor Jawaid, Margaret Steele, Douglas L Jones
INTRODUCTION: The Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry in London, Ontario, has a mentorship program for all full-time faculty. The school would like to expand its outreach to physician faculty located in distributed medical education sites. The purpose of this study was to determine what, if any, mentorship distributed physician faculty currently have, to gauge their interest in expanding the mentorship program to distributed physician faculty and to determine their vision of the most appropriate design of a mentorship program that would address their needs...
2018: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
Jasmine Rayapudi, Carounanidy Usha
Background: Minimally invasive dentistry (MID) encompasses early caries diagnosis through caries risk assessment (CRA), early detection of incipient carious lesion including primary and secondary prevention based on scientific evidence that remineralization of demineralized enamel and dentin is possible if detected early. Although the dental curriculum focuses on the advantages of MID in tooth preservation, this science is not usually translated into practice. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and skills of dental practitioners of Puducherry regarding the concepts of MID...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Kent D Nash, Douglas G Benting
PURPOSE: To review data and results from past surveys of prosthodontists sponsored and conducted by the American College of Prosthodontists (ACP). Specifically, results are examined and presented from the most recently conducted survey in 2017. Trends and changes in characteristics impacting the private practice of prosthodontists over time are discussed using results from six surveys completed in 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, and 2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Results from the past surveys of prosthodontists are statistically examined and used to estimate several characteristics of the current population of practicing prosthodontists...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Niekla Survia Andiesta, Maimunah A Hamid, Kkc Lee, Allan Pau
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly 4000 children in Malaysia were referred to hospital pediatric dental services due to dental caries. Recent research has reported the effectiveness of dental home visits in preventing caries development in young children. Dental home visits (DHVs) are described as an ongoing relationship between the dentist and their patients, providing all aspects of a preventive oral health care program in the presence of the parents at home. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of dental home visits and oral health information, in the form of educational leaflets, in preventing new caries development in young children, compared to those receiving only educational leaflets over a period of two years...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
John P Morgan, Moses Isyagi, Joseph Ntaganira, Agnes Gatarayiha, Sarah E Pagni, Tamar C Roomian, Matthew Finkelman, Jane E M Steffensen, Jane R Barrow, Chrispinus H Mumena, Donna M Hackley
BACKGROUND: Oral health affects quality of life and is linked to overall health. Enhanced oral health research is needed in low- and middle-income countries to develop strategies that reduce the burden of oral disease, improve oral health and inform oral health workforce and infrastructure development decisions. OBJECTIVE: To implement the first National Oral Health Survey of Rwanda to assess the oral disease burden and inform oral health promotion strategies. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sample size and site selection were based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Oral Health Surveys Pathfinder stratified cluster methodologies...
2018: Global Health Action
Dean M DeLuke, Darriel Cannon, Caroline Carrico, B Ellen Byrne, Daniel M Laskin
Administration of safe and effective local anesthesia is a cornerstone of dental practice, but there is some discrepancy in recommendations for maximum doses, with the Council on Dental Therapeutics and American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's guidelines differing from the guidelines of manufacturers and contemporary textbooks. The aim of this study was to determine the level of uniformity across U.S. dental schools in teaching maximal safe doses for commonly used local anesthetics. Faculty members primarily responsible for teaching local anesthesia to dental students at all 62 U...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Deborah A Dilbone, Xiaoying Feng, Yu Su, Patricia Xirau-Probert, Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Marcelle M Nascimento
Predoctoral dental psychomotor examinations are known to generate high levels of stress among dental students, which may compromise their academic performance. At one U.S. dental school, all 93 first-year dental students were invited to attend a series of three workshop sessions prior to enrollment in their initial operative dentistry course. The workshops were developed to facilitate academic transition from the dental anatomy course to the operative dentistry course; provide early exposure to materials, instruments, and laboratory techniques; support the early development of psychomotor and self-assessment skills; and lessen students' stress and anxiety levels regarding psychomotor examinations...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Narjara C F Moreira, Kamile Leonardi-Dutra, Murilo F N Feres, Erica A M Colangelo, Ben Balevi, Debora Matthews, Carlos Flores-Mir
The aims of this pilot study were to evaluate the short-term impact of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) workshops on educators' use of clinical evidence in their clinical practice and educational activities and to identify barriers they encountered in implementing evidence in their teaching and clinical practice. Between April 2012 and January 2014, a series of EBD workshops was delivered to 31 dental faculty members and postdoctoral students at three Canadian dental schools. Survey I, assessing participants' perceptions of various aspects of the workshops, was administered immediately following the workshops...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
N Stormon, P J Ford, D S Eley
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry is known to be a challenging degree and students are often under considerable academic pressure which may lead to stress and difficulties in coping. Personality influences coping ability, yet very little is known about the personality traits of dentistry students. This study aimed to describe the personality profiles of students enrolled in an Australian undergraduate dental degree. METHODS: Students enrolled in year one and two of the undergraduate dental programme at The University of Queensland were invited to complete an online survey which included the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Mai E Khalaf, Qoot Alkhubaizi, Qasem D Alomari
AIM: Preclinical dental training is essential for the development of psychomotor skills necessary for clinical practice. The study aimed to investigate the impact of teaching with a layered base plate blocks on cavity preparations and students' self-perceived confidence, readiness, and ability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study recruited 52 dental students into two groups; one trained (test) with layered base plate and the other without (control). Students answered an eight-question survey to assess self-perceived confidence, readiness, and ability for performing cavity preparation at the start of their first preclinical operative dentistry course...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Henrikas Rusilas, Laura Jacinkevičiūtė, Jan Pavel Rokicki
OBJECTIVE: Rehabilitation of mastication using fixed or removable prosthesis on dental implants is a daily procedure in modern dentistry.The huge variety of diagnostic tools and methods, such as cone beam computed tomography or surgical guides help to avoid complications. A vast quantity of diagnostic tools and prosthesis require a tight communication between surgeons and prosthodontists in order to achieve better treatment plan. METHODS: The questionnaire was approved by LUHS Committee of Ethics...
2018: Stomatologija
Lukas B Seifert, Sebastian H Hoefer, Swantje Flammiger, Miriam Rüsseler, Florian Thieringer, Michael Ehrenfeld, Robert Sader
PURPOSE: To investigate the current status of undergraduate training in oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgery in Germany using a nationwide survey and hence contribute to an educational improvement in the field. METHODS: A 39-item questionnaire was sent to all university clinics with an OMF surgery chair in Germany (n = 34). RESULTS: Ninety-two percent of OMF clinics are involved in the curricular training in medicine and 100% in dentistry...
May 24, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sophie Doméjean, Brigitte Grosgogeat
This chapter aims to discuss the way dental practitioners manage deep carious lesions (DCL) in routine practice and the barriers and incentives/facilitators to changes in accepted practice. In concert with the philosophy of minimal intervention dentistry, the concept of quaternary prevention (actions taken to prevent overtreatment and reduce harm to the patient) emerges in dentistry. This can be applied to carious tissue removal (CTR) in DCL given the risks associated with this procedure (high risk of pulp exposure, pulpal complications, tooth substance loss, and unsuccessful invasive, expensive outcomes)...
May 24, 2018: Monographs in Oral Science
V Quinzi, R Ferro, F A Rizzo, E M Marranzini, F Federici Canova, S Mummolo, A Mattei, G Marzo
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how widespread is the use of the 2 x 4 appliance among Italian general dentists and specialists in orthodontics, as well as the type of treatment employed and length of use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey from July 14, 2016 to January 12, 2017 using an online questionnaire of 8 multiple choice questions, created by the SurveyMonkey® Company, on a population of Italian dentists and specialists in orthodontics affiliated with the Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry (SIOI)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Takahiko Shibahara, Takamichi Morikawa, Kaori Yago, Hiromitsu Kishimoto, Yutaka Imai, Kenichi Kurita
PURPOSE: From 2011 to 2013, a nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted by the Japanese Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons and the Japanese Society of Dentistry for Medically Compromised Patients to assess the development of bisphosphonate (BP)-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) and to elucidate the outcomes and factors associated with remission. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A written questionnaire, including clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of patients with BRONJ, was sent to 501 institutions...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jaime A Chowaniec, Alison F Doubleday, Charles W LeHew, Larry B Salzmann, Anne Koerber
The aim of this study was to determine if the timing of a case-based discussion affected dental students' assessment scores. The study specifically investigated whether the timing of a 60-minute case-based discussion before or after a 90-minute lecture affected students' performance on a quiz on topics in pediatric dentistry. In addition, students' preferences for the timing of the case discussion and confidence in the material with different timings were assessed in a survey. In a crossover design, all 52 second-year students in fall 2016 at one U...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Sabarinathan Niviethitha, Chanram Bhawarlal, Hemalatha Ramkumar, Senthil Dhakshanamoorthy, Hariharan Shanmugam
BACKGROUND/AIM: Traumatic dental injuries (TDI) occur frequently in the school environment. Many studies have shown that teachers' knowledge on the emergency management of TDI is inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge level among schoolteachers in Chennai, India, regarding TDI using a questionnaire and to evaluate the effectiveness of a newly developed audio-visual aid (AV) as an educational tool by reapplying the questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 345 teachers in 15 randomly selected schools...
April 19, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Desirée Kozlowski, Romano Fois, Fareen Reza, Andrea McCloughen
BACKGROUND: Healthcare students can experience high levels of stress. Emotional intelligence can moderate stress and increase wellbeing however there has been no prior research on the relationship between emotional intelligence and stress in Australian healthcare students. OBJECTIVES: To measure emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS) in final year healthcare students (nursing, pharmacy and dentistry), and to explore the relationships between EI, PS and discipline...
July 2018: Nurse Education Today
Martha Holland, Caroline Carrico, Tiffany Williams
PURPOSE: To assess pediatric dentists' choice for restoring Class II carious lesions in primary molars. METHODS: A survey with eight cases of class II carious lesions was emailed to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members, who were asked to choose either a stainless steel crown (SSC) or composite resin as a final restoration, or no treatment. Treatment decisions were compared to evidence-based treatment recommendations. Repeated measures logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with treatment decisions...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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