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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665505/emotional-intelligence-and-perceived-stress-of-australian-pre-registration-healthcare-students-a-multi-disciplinary-cross-sectional-study
#1
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Desirée Kozlowski, Romano Fois, Fareen Reza, Andrea McCloughen
BACKGROUND: Healthcare students can experience high levels of stress. Emotional intelligence can moderate stress and increase wellbeing however there has been no prior research on the relationship between emotional intelligence and stress in Australian healthcare students. OBJECTIVES: To measure emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS) in final year healthcare students (nursing, pharmacy and dentistry), and to explore the relationships between EI, PS and discipline...
April 12, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663970/pediatric-dentists-treatment-planning-decisions-for-class-ii-carious-lesions-in-primary-molars
#2
Martha Holland, Caroline Carrico, Tiffany Williams
PURPOSE: To assess pediatric dentists' choice for restoring Class II carious lesions in primary molars. METHODS: A survey with eight cases of class II carious lesions was emailed to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members, who were asked to choose either a stainless steel crown (SSC) or composite resin as a final restoration, or no treatment. Treatment decisions were compared to evidence-based treatment recommendations. Repeated measures logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with treatment decisions...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663913/trends-in-general-anesthesia-utilization-by-board-certified-pediatric-dentists
#3
Lan Pham, Thomas Tanbonliong, Marie Beverly Dizon, Annie Huang, Matthew Cooke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the trends and utilization of general anesthesia services among board-certified pediatric dentists practicing in the United States. METHODS: A 26 item survey was sent to 4,216 board-certified pediatric dentists by REDCap or mail. Results were tabulated, and trends were analyzed. RESULTS: A response rate of 31.8 percent was obtained. All American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry districts were represented proportionally...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663911/what-makes-a-great-resident-a-perspective-of-pediatric-dentistry-program-directors-and-residents
#4
Mojdeh Faraz, Farhad Yeroshalmi, Keith S Margulis, Victor Badner
PURPOSE: To obtain information regarding attitudes and perspectives of pediatric dentistry residency program directors (PD) and pediatric dentistry residents (PDR) about what makes a great resident. METHODS: Surveys for PDs (36 questions), and PDRs (31 questions) were created and emailed via SurveyMonkey® to the 88 PDs and 906 residents of United States programs in 2015. Desirable characteristics identified during selection and attendance in the residency program were compared...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663909/diagnosing-developmental-defects-of-enamel-pilot-study-of-online-training-and-accuracy
#5
Darya Dabiri, George J Eckert, Yihong Li, Kim Seow, Robert J Schroth, John Warren, J Timothy Wright, Shi Zhao, Margherita Fontana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dentists' ability to correctly identify and classify development defects of enamel (DDE). METHODS: The modified DDE (MDDE) index was used to classify enamel defects into two types: (1) enamel hypoplasia-pitted, grooved, or missing enamel; or (2) enamel opacity-translucency of enamel not caused by dental caries or fluorosis (can be either demarcated or diffuse). A panel of six experts selected and scored 36 images using the MDDE, and the consensus score was used as the gold standard score in the evaluation of survey respondents...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658785/smartphone-use-and-schema-based-learning-in-dento-maxillofacial-radiology-practice-a-case-report-from-one-college-of-dentistry
#6
Young-A Ji, You Mee Lee, Hyun-Dae Lim, Won-Jong Park, Ji Hye Jung, Je-Woo Lee, Byung Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the students' satisfaction and awareness of competency towards smartphone use and schema based learning in dental radiology practice. METHODS: Third-year students undertaking a dental radiology practicum at a dental school were divided into two groups: one group received traditional clinical training, whereas the other group used smartphones in classes and received new training using schema assignments. At the end of the course, students' satisfaction with the training and self-awareness of their competency were surveyed, and their achievement was assessed...
April 16, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657854/targeted-drug-discovery-and-development-from-molecular-signaling-to-the-global-market-an-educational-program-at-new-york-university-5-year-metrics
#7
Gloria Lee, Joseph Plaksin, Ravichandran Ramasamy, Gabrielle Gold-von Simson
Drug discovery and development (DDD) is a collaborative, dynamic process of great interest to researchers, but an area where there is a lack of formal training. The Drug Development Educational Program (DDEP) at New York University was created in 2012 to stimulate an improved, multidisciplinary DDD workforce by educating early stage scientists as well as a variety of other like-minded students. The first course of the program emphasizes post-compounding aspects of DDD; the second course focuses on molecular signaling pathways...
2018: Journal of Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657489/a-radiographic-survey-of-agenesis-of-the-third-molar-a-panoramic-study
#8
Nisha Singh, Shrinivas Chaudhari, Rohan Chaudhari, Sagar Nagare, Abhay Kulkarni, Pratik Parkarwar
Purpose: It is a well-known fact that nature tries to eliminate what is not in use. Because of this, the number of certain teeth which are no longer necessary for function are either getting increasingly impacted or are not developing at all. This is especially the case where third molars are concerned. Furthermore, the presence or absence of the third molar is significant to all branches of dentistry and in particular, forensic dentistry. Objectives: The objectives of this study is to assess (1) The prevalence of third molar agenesis in population of age group 18-25 years...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629333/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-toward-occupational-blood-exposure-accidents-at-the-end-of-the-dental-training-program
#9
Abdelhadi Hbibi, Jalal Kasouati, Reda Charof, Souad Chaouir, Karima El Harti
Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding occupational blood exposure accidents (OBEA) among dental students at the end of the whole dental education program. Materials and Methods: The survey was performed using a student self-administered questionnaire during July 2015 in the dental teaching hospital in Rabat. It was conducted on 117 dental students registered in the 5th year. The results were analyzed by SPSS Software, Version 13...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628171/-run-through-training-at-specialist-training-year-1-and-uncoupled-core-surgical-training-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-in-the-united-kingdom-a-snapshot-survey
#10
M Garg, J Collyer, D Dhariwal
Training in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) in the UK has undergone considerable changes during the last 10years, and "core" surgical training has replaced "basic" surgical training. In 2014 a pilot "run-through" training programme from specialist training year one (ST1)-ST7 was introduced to facilitate early entry into the speciality. Run-through training guarantees that a trainee, after a single competitive selection process and satisfactory progress, will be given training that covers the entire curriculum of the speciality, whereas uncoupled training requires a second stage of competitive recruitment after the first one (for OMFS only) or two years of "core" training to progress to higher specialty training...
April 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606688/building-capacity-in-the-sikh-asian-indian-community-to-lead-participatory-oral-health-projects
#11
Rucha Kavathe, Nadia Islam, Jennifer Zanowiak, Laura Wyatt, Hardayal Singh, Mary E Northridge
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to oral health care is a significant burden for disadvantaged populations, yet rarely draws the attention of policymakers or community leaders. OBJECTIVES: To understand how UNITED SIKHS identified oral health care as a priority need through its involvement in community-based participatory research (CBPR) initiatives and local data collection, thereby building its capacity to lead participatory oral health projects. METHODS: The foundation for the partnership between UNITED SIKHS and the New York University (NYU) Prevention Research Center (PRC) was the joint implementation of a CBPR project to prevent diabetes in the Sikh Asian Indian community...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606653/a-national-survey-of-u-s-dental-students-experiences-with-international-service-trips
#12
R Frederick Lambert, Chloe A Wong, Karl F Woodmansey, Brianna Rowland, Steven O Horne, Brittany Seymour
Globalization, along with the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and poor oral health, demands global approaches to oral health care. Trained health care workers' providing volunteer services abroad is one model used for improving access to dental services for some communities. Currently, little is known about U.S. dental student involvement in international clinical service volunteerism. The aim of this exploratory study was to capture national survey data from predoctoral dental students about their interest in and experience with global health service trips...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606652/academic-pre-orientation-program-for-dental-students-beginning-and-end-of-program-evaluations-1998-2016
#13
Evan R D'Silva, Marilyn W Woolfolk, Renee E Duff, Marita R Inglehart
Admitting students from non-traditional or disadvantaged backgrounds can increase the diversity of dental school classes. The aims of this study were to analyze how interested non-traditional incoming dental students were at the beginning of an academic pre-orientation program in learning about basic science, dentistry-related topics, and academic skills; how confident they were in doing well in basic science and dentistry-related courses; and how they evaluated the program at the end. The relationships between personal (interest/confidence) and structural factors (program year, number of participants) and program evaluations were also explored...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606651/integration-of-basic-and-clinical-sciences-faculty-perspectives-at-a-u-s-dental-school
#14
Dharini van der Hoeven, Ransome van der Hoeven, Liang Zhu, Kamal Busaidy, Ryan L Quock
Although dental education has traditionally been organized into basic sciences education (first and second years) and clinical education (third and fourth years), there has been growing interest in ways to better integrate the two to more effectively educate students and prepare them for practice. Since 2012, The University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston (UTSD) has made it a priority to improve integration of basic and clinical sciences, with a focus to this point on integrating the basic sciences...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606650/clinical-dental-faculty-members-perceptions-of-diagnostic-errors-and-how-to-avoid-them
#15
Cathy Nikdel, Kian Nikdel, Ana Ibarra-Noriega, Elsbeth Kalenderian, Muhammad F Walji
Diagnostic errors are increasingly recognized as a source of preventable harm in medicine, yet little is known about their occurrence in dentistry. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of clinical dental faculty members' perceptions of diagnostic errors, types of errors that may occur, and possible contributing factors. The authors conducted semi-structured interviews with ten domain experts at one U.S. dental school in May-August 2016 about their perceptions of diagnostic errors and their causes...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604182/prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-among-a-cohort-of-university-undergraduates-in-australia
#16
Jeremy Lung, Laura Bell, Molly Heslop, Sophie Cuming, Anura Ariyawardana
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms among dentistry students at James Cook University in Australia, and to determine the associations of TMD symptoms with demographic parameters and compare the prevalence to that of the Australian general population. METHODS: The study was conducted at the School of Dentistry, James Cook University. Axis I symptom questionnaire of diagnostic criteria for TMD was used to assess the prevalence of TMD symptoms...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603314/geriatric-dentistry-education-and-context-in-a-selection-of-countries-in-5-continents
#17
Leonardo Marchini, Ronald Ettinger, Xi Chen, Anastassia Kossioni, Haiping Tan, Sayaka Tada, Kazunori Ikebe, Elizabeth Bosede Dosumu, Fadekemi O Oginni, Patricia Adetokunbo Akeredolu, Azeez Butali, Leeann Donnelly, Mario Brondani, Bernd Fritzsch, Henry A Adeola
PURPOSE/AIM: To summarize and discuss how geriatric dentistry has been addressed in dental schools of different countries regarding to (1) teaching students at the predoctoral level; (2) advanced training, and (3) research. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A convenience sample of faculty members from a selection of high, upper-middle and lower-middle income countries were recruited to complete the survey. The survey had 5 open-ended main topics, and asked about (1) the size of their elderly population, (2) general information about dental education; (3) the number of dental schools teaching geriatric dentistry, and their teaching methods; (4) advanced training in geriatric dentistry; (5) scholarship/research in geriatric dentistry...
March 30, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549781/is-it-cost-beneficial-to-society-measuring-the-economic-worth-of-dental-residency-training
#18
Omar B Da'ar, Abdulaziz Alshaya
This study estimated whether continued programming of a highly specialized four-year dentistry residency training in Saudi Arabia was cost-beneficial. We utilized a purposive sampling to administer a survey to trainees in major cities. Additionally, we used publically available market information about general practitioners. We employed Benefit-Cost Analysis accounting approach as a conceptual framework. Using general practitioners as the base category, we grouped overall social analytical perspectives into resident trainees and rest of society...
February 19, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527760/challenges-in-clinical-teaching-investigated-towards-sustainable-staff-recruitment-and-retention-in-dentistry
#19
A Veerasamy, C Loch, L Adam, B J Howe, P A Brunton
PURPOSE: The study was conducted to identify possible factors and potential barriers that affect the retention and recruitment of clinical teaching staff at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, New Zealand. METHODOLOGY: A short questionnaire survey was distributed to 47 clinical teaching staff to understand the retention strategies and barriers. The collected quantitative and qualitative data were analysed and presented. FINDINGS: The response rate was 96%, with an equal distribution of female and male clinicians...
March 11, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517859/knowledge-about-emergency-dental-trauma-management-amongst-school-teachers-in-colombia-a-baseline-study-to-develop-an-education-strategy
#20
Maytté Marcano-Caldera, Jose Luis Mejía-Cardona, José Hernán Parra Sanchez, Catalina Méndez de la Espriella, Eduardo Covo Morales, Gustavo Sierra Varón, Martha Gómez Díaz, Natalia Fortich Mesa, Paola Escobar Villegas, Patricia Bermúdez Reyes, Patricia Rodríguez Sanchez, Pedro Mejia Fernández, Ruth Ángela Gómez-Scarpetta, Vanessa Bernal Alfaro, Olga Lucia Cifuentes Aguirre, Olga Patricia López Soto, Asgeir Sigurdsson
BACKGROUND/AIM: Dental trauma in school populations has a high frequency and school teachers are often close to the place where such injuries occur. However, many studies have confirmed the lack of knowledge as to how to act in these cases. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge in regard to dental trauma of school teachers in Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-centre, descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in 251 schools using a stratified randomized sampling...
March 8, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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