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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716351/effect-of-provision-of-home-based-curative-health-services-by-public-sector-health-care-providers-on-neonatal-survival-a-community-based-cluster-randomised-trial-in-rural-pakistan
#1
Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Ariff, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Although the effectiveness of community mobilisation and promotive care delivered by community health workers in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality is well established, evidence in support of home-based neonatal resuscitation and infection management is mixed. We assessed the effectiveness of adding training in neonatal bag and mask resuscitation and oral antibiotic therapy for suspected neonatal infections to a basic preventive and promotive interventions package delivered by public sector community-based lady health workers (LHWs) in rural Pakistan...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716041/potentially-inappropriate-home-medications-among-older-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-admitted-to-a-cardiology-service-in-usa
#2
Marwan Sheikh-Taha, Hani Dimassi
BACKGROUND: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) may pose more risks than benefits to patients and is a major factor contributing to the likelihood of serious adverse drug reactions and negative health outcomes among older patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in a tertiary care center in USA where home medications of the older patients were reviewed and analyzed upon hospital admission over three months, from March till May 2016...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713764/assessing-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-among-university-students-a-questionnaire-study
#3
R Karthik, M I Fathima Hafila, C Saravanan, N Vivek, P Priyadarsini, B Ashwath
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) among university students. OBJECTIVES: The etiology of TMD is of multifactorial, and our study is designed to assess the prevalence of TMD in an institution within a university. Various parameters including trauma, malocclusion, stress assessment - its correlation with the timing, the duration of TMD in meeting the deadlines, and examinations have been assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standard questionnaire-based study with modified Fonseca anamnestic index is used...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709077/phytonanotherapy-for-management-of-diabetes-using-green-synthesis-nanoparticles
#4
K Anand, C Tiloke, Pragalathan Naidoo, A A Chuturgoon
The world has a rich diversity of indigenous medicinal plants. The World Health Organization (WHO) gives high priority to eco-friendly, non-hazardous and cost effective healthcare such as the use of medicinal plants to treat various illnesses, including Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), tuberculosis (TB), diabetes mellitus (DM), malaria, and cancer. In developing countries, a high proportion of the population tends to use complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) together with conventional prescription drugs...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694200/the-prevention-and-treatment-of-smoking-and-tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-in-selected-indigenous-communities-in-high-income-countries-of-usa-canada-australia-and-new-zealand-an-evidence-based-review
#5
REVIEW
Gillian S Gould, Ling Li Lim, Joerg Mattes
IMPORTANCE: Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is the most important modifiable risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes and long-term health complications for mother and bab(ies). Tobacco use during pregnancy has reduced in high-income countries; but not for Indigenous women in Australia, New Zealand, the United States, and Canada. APPROACH/AIM: This evidence-based review focusses on tobacco use among Indigenous pregnant women in high-income countries, who share a history of European colonisation...
July 7, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691551/who-decides-me-or-we-family-involvement-in-medical-decision-making-in-eastern-and-western-countries
#6
Dana L Alden, John Friend, Ping Yein Lee, Yew Kong Lee, Lyndal Trevena, Chirk Jenn Ng, Sorapop Kiatpongsan, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Miho Tanaka, Supanida Limpongsanurak
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that desired family involvement (FI) in medical decision making may depend on cultural values. Unfortunately, the field lacks cross-cultural studies that test this assumption. As a result, providers may be guided by incomplete information or cultural biases rather than patient preferences. METHODS: Researchers developed 6 culturally relevant disease scenarios varying from low to high medical seriousness. Quota samples of approximately 290 middle-aged urban residents in Australia, China, Malaysia, India, South Korea, Thailand, and the USA completed an online survey that examined desired levels of FI and identified individual difference predictors in each country...
July 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685390/cancer-care-coordination-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-over-30%C3%A2-years-of-empirical-studies
#7
Sherri Sheinfeld Gorin, David Haggstrom, Paul K J Han, Kathleen M Fairfield, Paul Krebs, Steven B Clauser
BACKGROUND: According to a landmark study by the Institute of Medicine, patients with cancer often receive poorly coordinated care in multiple settings from many providers. Lack of coordination is associated with poor symptom control, medical errors, and higher costs. PURPOSE: The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to (1) synthesize the findings of studies addressing cancer care coordination, (2) describe study outcomes across the cancer continuum, and (3) obtain a quantitative estimate of the effect of interventions in cancer care coordination on service system processes and patient health outcomes...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681432/computer-generated-reminders-delivered-on-paper-to-healthcare-professionals-effects-on-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Chantal Arditi, Myriam Rège-Walther, Pierre Durieux, Bernard Burnand
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice does not always reflect best practice and evidence, partly because of unconscious acts of omission, information overload, or inaccessible information. Reminders may help clinicians overcome these problems by prompting them to recall information that they already know or would be expected to know and by providing information or guidance in a more accessible and relevant format, at a particularly appropriate time. This is an update of a previously published review...
July 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673747/philadelphia-telemedicine-glaucoma-detection-and-follow-up-study-methods-and-screening-results
#9
Lisa A Hark, L Jay Katz, Jonathan S Myers, Michael Waisbourd, Deiana Johnson, Laura T Pizzi, Benjamin E Leiby, Scott J Fudemberg, Anand V Mantravadi, Jeffrey D Henderer, Tingting Zhan, Jeanne Molineaux, Vance Doyle, Meskerem Divers, Christine Burns, Ann P Murchison, Shae Reber, Arthur Resende, Thien Dan V Bui, Jane Lee, John E Crews, Jinan B Saaddine, Paul P Lee, Louis R Pasquale, Julia A Haller
PURPOSE: To describe methodology and screening results from the Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study. DESIGN: Screening program results for a prospective, randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individuals were recruited who were African-American, Hispanic/Latino, or Asian over age 40 years; Caucasian individuals over age 65 years; any ethnicity over age 40 years with a family history of glaucoma or diabetes...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666680/the-safety-immunogenicity-and-acceptability-of-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-delivered-by-microneedle-patch-tiv-mnp-2015-a-randomised-partly-blinded-placebo-controlled-phase-1-trial
#10
Nadine G Rouphael, Michele Paine, Regina Mosley, Sebastien Henry, Devin V McAllister, Haripriya Kalluri, Winston Pewin, Paula M Frew, Tianwei Yu, Natalie J Thornburg, Sarah Kabbani, Lilin Lai, Elena V Vassilieva, Ioanna Skountzou, Richard W Compans, Mark J Mulligan, Mark R Prausnitz
BACKGROUND: Microneedle patches provide an alternative to conventional needle-and-syringe immunisation, and potentially offer improved immunogenicity, simplicity, cost-effectiveness, acceptability, and safety. We describe safety, immunogenicity, and acceptability of the first-in-man study on single, dissolvable microneedle patch vaccination against influenza. METHODS: The TIV-MNP 2015 study was a randomised, partly blinded, placebo-controlled, phase 1, clinical trial at Emory University that enrolled non-pregnant, immunocompetent adults from Atlanta, GA, USA, who were aged 18-49 years, naive to the 2014-15 influenza vaccine, and did not have any significant dermatological disorders...
June 27, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664448/impact-of-a-health-information-technology-intervention-on-the-follow-up-management-of-pulmonary-nodules
#11
Ronilda Lacson, Sonali Desai, Adam Landman, Randall Proctor, Siobhan Sumption, Ramin Khorasani
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the USA. The most common abnormalities suspicious for lung cancer on CT scan include pulmonary nodules. Recommendations to improve care for patients with pulmonary nodules require follow-up management. However, transitions in care, especially for patients undergoing transitions to ambulatory care sites from the emergency department (ED) and inpatient settings, can exacerbate failures in follow-up testing and compromise patient safety. We evaluate the impact of a discharge module that includes follow-up recommendations for further management of pulmonary nodules on the study outcome and follow-up management of patients with pulmonary nodules within 1 year after discharge...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662687/-both-parents-should-care-for-babies-a-cross-sectional-cross-cultural-comparison-of-adolescents-breastfeeding-intentions-and-the-influence-of-shared-parenting-beliefs
#12
Vivien Swanson, Leena Hannula, Linda Eriksson, Malin Häggkvist Wallin, Joan Strutton
BACKGROUND: Many young men and women expect to co-parent their newborn infant. This may have a positive or negative impact on decisions to breastfeed, which is an important health behaviour, influenced by cultural and psycho-social norms. We investigated the relationship between shared parenting, infant feeding beliefs and intentions in male and female (non-parent) adolescents, comparing Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland) with high breastfeeding rates with others with low rates (Scotland, USA)...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662610/-church-hurt-can-be-the-worst-hurt-community-stakeholder-perceptions-of-the-role-of-black-churches-in-hiv-prevention-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#13
Emily S Pingel, José A Bauermeister
Black gay and bisexual men aged 15-29 are disproportionately represented among new cases of HIV in the USA. Researchers have argued that community-based prevention cannot succeed without the participation of faith-based organisations, particularly given the salience of religion and spirituality in the lives of young Black gay and bisexual men. Yet some Black churches may be hesitant to engage in HIV prevention efforts given their beliefs about same-sex behaviour. It is less clear, however, whether and how public health practitioners in the field of HIV prevention have approached church inclusion...
June 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660629/mixture-models-for-undiagnosed-prevalent-disease-and-interval-censored-incident-disease-applications-to-a-cohort-assembled-from-electronic-health-records
#14
Li C Cheung, Qing Pan, Noorie Hyun, Mark Schiffman, Barbara Fetterman, Philip E Castle, Thomas Lorey, Hormuzd A Katki
For cost-effectiveness and efficiency, many large-scale general-purpose cohort studies are being assembled within large health-care providers who use electronic health records. Two key features of such data are that incident disease is interval-censored between irregular visits and there can be pre-existing (prevalent) disease. Because prevalent disease is not always immediately diagnosed, some disease diagnosed at later visits are actually undiagnosed prevalent disease. We consider prevalent disease as a point mass at time zero for clinical applications where there is no interest in time of prevalent disease onset...
June 28, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660599/exploring-asian-indian-and-pakistani-views-about-cancer-and-participation-in-cancer-genetics-research-toward-the-development-of-a-community-genetics-intervention
#15
Amy E Leader, Salini Mohanty, Preethi Selvan, Ray Lum, Veda N Giri
Cancer is a leading cause of mortality among the three million Asian Indian/Pakistanis (AIPs) in the USA. AIPs have traditionally been underrepresented in cancer-related research, although reasons remain largely unexplored. We sought to understand AIP's awareness and perceptions of cancer to improve their participation in risk assessment and cancer genetics research. Four focus groups, stratified by gender and birthplace (US-born vs. foreign-born), were held at an AIP cultural center. Discussions focused on knowledge and awareness of cancer risk; how AIP culture influences cancer perceptions; access to health care services for cancer screening, diagnosis, or treatment; and willingness to or experiences with participating in cancer genetics research...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647722/developing-implementation-strategies-for-firearm-safety-promotion-in-paediatric-primary-care-for-suicide-prevention-in-two-large-us-health-systems-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#16
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Shari Jager-Hyman, Steven C Marcus, Brian K Ahmedani, John E Zeber, Joel A Fein, Gregory K Brown, Adina Lieberman, Rinad S Beidas
INTRODUCTION: The promotion of safe firearm practices, or firearms means restriction, is a promising but infrequently used suicide prevention strategy in the USA. Safety Check is an evidence-based practice for improving parental firearm safety behaviour in paediatric primary care. However, providers rarely discuss firearm safety during visits, suggesting the need to better understand barriers and facilitators to promoting this approach. This study, Adolescent Suicide Prevention In Routine clinical Encounters, aims to engender a better understanding of how to implement the three firearm components of Safety Check as a suicide prevention strategy in paediatric primary care...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639262/interprofessional-collaboration-to-improve-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Scott Reeves, Ferruccio Pelone, Reema Harrison, Joanne Goldman, Merrick Zwarenstein
BACKGROUND: Poor interprofessional collaboration (IPC) can adversely affect the delivery of health services and patient care. Interventions that address IPC problems have the potential to improve professional practice and healthcare outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of practice-based interventions designed to improve interprofessional collaboration (IPC) amongst health and social care professionals, compared to usual care or to an alternative intervention, on at least one of the following primary outcomes: patient health outcomes, clinical process or efficiency outcomes or secondary outcomes (collaborative behaviour)...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637713/a-pilot-study-of-interprofessional-palliative-care-education-of-medical-students-in-the-uk-and-usa
#18
Amy Gadoud, Wei-Hsin Lu, Lisa Strano-Paul, Susan Lane, Jason W Boland
BACKGROUND: Educating medical students to care for patients at the end-of-life is increasingly recognised as an essential component of training. Traditionally, medical student programmes are run by doctors, but patient care is delivered by an interprofessional team. Our programmes in the UK and USA independently developed a teaching experience led by an interprofessional team of palliative care health professionals. OBJECTIVES: This study explores the palliative care health professionals' perceptions, regarding their unique role in medical student palliative care education...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637515/current-globalization-of-drug-interventional-clinical-trials-characteristics-and-associated-factors-2011-2013
#19
Sohyun Jeong, Minji Sohn, Jae Hyun Kim, Minoh Ko, Hee-Won Seo, Yun-Kyoung Song, Boyoon Choi, Nayoung Han, Han-Sung Na, Jong Gu Lee, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial globalization is a major trend for industry-sponsored clinical trials. There has been a shift in clinical trial sites towards emerging regions of Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Our study objectives were to evaluate the current characteristics of clinical trials and to find out the associated multiple factors which could explain clinical trial globalization and its implications for clinical trial globalization in 2011-2013. METHODS: The data elements of "phase," "recruitment status," "type of sponsor," "age groups," and "design of trial" from 30 countries were extracted from the ClinicalTrials...
June 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634875/mental-health-care-disparities-now-and-in-the-future
#20
Rahn Bailey, Daphne Sharpe, Tricia Kwiatkowski, Susanne Watson, A Dexter Samuels, Jasmine Hall
In 2014, the USA spent $3 trillion dollars in health care the most per capita in the world. However, the USA lacks universal health coverage, and lags behind other highly developed and wealthy countries in life expectancy (even some "non wealthy" countries have better outcomes). The USA also has deficits in other health outcome measures. Health care costs in the USA continue to rise annually and many patients receive only mediocre care. In addition, clear disparities exist across different communities, socioeconomic groups, and race and ethnicity groups...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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